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Full text of "Contributions from the United States National Herbarium"

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION 



Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 

Volume 41: 1-255 



Catalogue of New World Grasses 
(Poaceae): II. Subfamily Chloridoideae 





Paul M. Peterson 

Robert J. Soreng 

Gerrit Davidse 

Tarciso S. Filgueiras 

Fernando 0, Zuloaga 

and 
Emmet J. Judziewicz 



Chief Editor: 
Robert J. Soreng 



! 



Department of Systematic Biology - Botany 
National Museum of Natural History 

Washington, DC 

2001 



ABSTRACT 



Peterson, Paul M., Robert J. Soreng, Gerrit Davidse, Tarciso S. Filgueiras, Fernando O. Zuloaga, and 
Emmet J. Judziewicz, Chief Editor, Robert J. Soreng. Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. Subfamily 

Chloridoideae.-- Nomenclature, taxonomy, synonymy, original publications, type collections, secondary references using the 
accepted names, and distribution by countr>' and Caribbean region witJiin tlic Ncu World are presented for taxa within the grass 
subfamily: Chloridoideae. Taxonomic synonymy is presented for all taxa at all ranks (other than ranks applying to cultivated 
taxa) known to occur natively or naturalized hi the New World. In addition, data on introduced species are recorded. The work 
covers 3654 buiomial and trinomial names, which arc denoted as; I - accepted, 2 - tentatively accepted (bolded), synonyms 
(italicized), and status not ) cL detemiuicd. Accepted names are additionally marked as cultivated (45 species) or introduced (68 
species) to our region. Other works using the accepted names are cited, The number of accepted genera = 70 (62 native, 8 
introduced). The number of accepted or tentatively accepted species = 672 (604 native species); 148 taxa are further separated 
into subspecific rank. The status of 25 species is not yet determined. A classification of subfamily Chloridoideae is presented 
and a new combination, Muhlenbergia sericea, is made. 
KEYWORDS: Grasses. Classificatinn. Nomenclature Tavnnnmv Pnan^ap nr^n^\r^R^f PhL^riHi^iH^Qr. 



DATE OF PUBLICATION: December 2001 



Cover Design and Illustrations by Alice Tangcrini: ironXMuhlenbergiajaimchmtonU?. M. Peterson & 
Valdes-Reyna {Valcics-Reyna & Carrcmza Perez 2560); back Eragrostis pastoensis (Kunth) Trin. 
(Peterson et ai 89 JO (« 9268\ 



Conlrlbntions from the United States National Herbarium (ISSN 0097-1618) Department of Systematic 
Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC 20560- 
0166, USA. 



POSTMASTER: Send address changes to Contributions US National Herbarium, DcparUnciit of 
Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institulion, Washington 
DC, 20560-0166, USA. 



The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of the American National Standard 
for Permanence of Paper for Printed Library Materials Z39.48--1984. 

Contributions from the U.S. National Herbarium was first published in 1890 by The United States 

Department of Agriculture. From July 1 1902 forward it was published as a Bulletin of the United States 

National Museum. The series was discontinued after volume 38, 1974, and has been revived with volume 

39, as a venue for publishing longer taxonomic papers, checklists, floras, and monographs, produced by 

die staff and associates at the U.S. National Herbarium. It is externally peer reviewed, and published at 

irregular intervals. Subscription and other correspondence should be addressed to CUSNH, Dcpaitment 

of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, 

Washington, DC, 20560-0166, USA e-mail: CUSNH@nmnh.si.cdu. The present issue is available for' 
free while supplies last. 



CONTENTS 



INTRODUCTION 
MATERIALS AND METHODS 



NEW WORLD 



Nomenclature 

Taxonomy 

Synonymy 

Levels of Acceptance and Status 

Distribution 



A CLASSIFICATION OF NEW WORLD Pi 
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS 
CATALOGUE OF NEW WORLD GRASSES 

Aegopogon 

Aflolepis 
Bealia 

Blepharidachne 
Blepharoneuron 

Bouteloua 

Calamovilfa 

Chaboissaca 

Chloris 

Ciadoraphis 

Cottea 

Crypsis 

Cteniuni 

Cynodon 

Dactyloctenium 

Dasyochloa 

Dinebra 

Distichlis 

Eleusine 

Enneapogon 

Enteropogon 
Eragrostis 
Erioncuron 
Eustachys 

Fingerluithia 

Gouinia 

Cymnopogon 

Hilaria 

Jouvea 

Leptochloa 

Leptothrium 



5 
5 
6 
6 
6 
6 
6 
6 



Abbreviations used for distribution by country or Caribbean Region 6 

Abbreviations used in subheadings 

Abbreviations used in NOTES 

Abbreviations used for Types 

Consulted Literature and Also Accepted By 



7 

7 

7 

7 

7 

8 

9 

9 

15 

18 

19 

19 

20 

35 

38 

39 

55 

56 
56 

57 

59 
64 

65 
67 
70 

73 
78 
78 
81 

117 

121 

122 
124 
128 
129 
130 
137 



Lepturidium 
Lycurus 
Microchloa 
Monanthochloe 

Muhlenbergia 
Munroa 
Neesiochloa 
Veobouteloua 

Neostapfia 
Neyraudia 

Orcuttia 

Pappophoruni 

Pcreilema 

Pleuraphis 

Redfieldia 

Reederochloa 

Rheochloa 

Saiigetia 

Schaffncrclla 

Schedonnardus 

Scleropogon 

Sohnsia 

Spartina 

Sporobolus 

Steirachne 

Swallenia 

Tetrachne 

Tragus 

Trichloris 

Trichoncura 

Tridens 

Triplasis 

Tripogon 

Triraphis 

Tiictoria 

Uniola 

Vaseyochloa 

Willkommia 

Zoysia 



137 

138 

141 

142 

143 
174 

175 

175 

175 

176 

176 

178 

181 

182 
192 
192 

192 

193 

193 

193 

194 

195 

195 
200 

219 

220 

220 

220 

222 

224 




BIBLIOGRAPHY 



230 
231 
231 
232 

232 
235 
239 
240 
242 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



5 



Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): 

II. Subfamily Chloridoideae. 

Paul M. Peterson, Robert J. Soreng, Gerrit Davidse, Tarciso S. Filgueiras, 

Fernando O. Zuloaga, and Emmet J. Judziewicz.' 

Chief Editor, Robert J. Soreng 



INTRODUCTION 



The Catalogue of New World Grasses 



(CNWG) 



Names of taxa, their original publication 
citations, authorities, and type protologues, 



the authors to present the current nomenclature, primarily taken from the Index to Grass Species 
taxonomy, types, and distribution of grasses for (Chase and Niles, 1962), were recorded in the 

Nomenclature and Types files of TROPICOS. 

solicited from the agrostological Direct links were established between basionyms, 
community. For the present volume contributors combinations, new names, and autonyms, 
were: Sonja Boechat {Eragrostis and Sporobolus), Additional names and types were recorded from 

Kew Index supplements from 1950 to present 



the region. Contributions of treatments of genera 
were/are 



Khidir 



(Eleiisine), Neil Snow (Leptochloa), Jesus Valdes- (Jackson, 1 893+), Gray Herbarium Index (Gray 

Reyna {Blepharidachne, Dasyochloa, Erioneuron, Herbarium Staff, 1903+), and other primary and 

Mimroa, and Tridens), and Jeff Veldkamp secondary sources (see Bibliography). Type 

{Sporobolus). Paul Peterson contributed al! other specimen data were augmented by the records 



genera. 



MATERIALS AND METHODS 



The data were recorded in and downloaded 

from TROPICOS (Pica and Beiser, 1995), the 
Missouri Botanical Garden's (MBG) taxonomic 
database. TROPICOS is a PICK based database 
program developed by Bob Magill, Director of 
Research MBG. All data were entered into 
TROPICOS from terminals at the Missouri 
Botanical Garden, or by using Telnet access 
from remote locations (especially Washington, 
DC), or by downloading data from a PC version 
of TROPICOS. The complete and continuously 
updated data are accessible online through 
W^TROPICOS at: 

http://mobot.mobot.org/W3T/Search/nwcg.html 



from the Smithsonian Type Register. 

Synonymy and distribution according to 
authors of various floras, monographs, revisions, 
and checklists were recorded in the Synonymy 
and Distribution files which are linked to the 
Nomenclatural files. For CNWG, the contributors 
of each genus were provided these nomenclatural, 
taxonomic, and distributional data and asked to 
review the data, add missing names, and assign 
to each name a level of acceptance or indicate an 
accepted name for synonyms. In addition, the 
contributors were asked to accept, reject, or add 
to the distributions provided by the collective 

sources. 

Synonymy and distribution recognized by the 

CNWG contributors for each genus were then 



recorded in the synonymy and distribution files. 
Additional data were then linked to the names in 



' PaulM. Peterson, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, USA. Robert J. Soreng, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, 
DC, USA. Gerrit Davidse, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO, USA. Tarciso S Filgueiras, UPlS-Faculdades 
Integradas, Brasilia, Brazil Fernando 0. Zidoaga, Dar^vmion. San Isidro, Argentina. Emmet J. Judziewicz, University of 
Wisconsin, Stevens Point, Wf, USA. 



6 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



a separate Flora file, including the status of the 



Status of names refers to their recognition as 



name, the level of acceptance, the generic either accepted 



or 



tentatively accepted, 



reference from synonymy and distribution, synonyms, and as native or introduced, 
special 



notes 



and 



references 



and 



the 



Synonymy may or may not be indicated for 
invalid names depending on the state of 
knowledge concerning them. They are presented 
here so that users will not have to re-verify them 
classification; sec below) was generated from the each time they turn up in the literature. We 

Camera-ready copy was then recommend they not be repeated again 

a macro written by Peter elsewhere. Names that we know nothing about 



suprageneric classification. 

A list, with formatting codes, of all names 
applicable to the four subfamilies (using 



our 



database. 



produced tli rough 

Jorgensen for Microsoft Word 97. 



are included and are designated as = Status not 



Standards set forth for authors of plant names yet determined, 
(Brummitt &: Powell 1992), literature citations 

(Stafleu & Cowan 1983+; Stafleu & Mennega Cultivated = Cultivated (native or naturalized) 
1992+; Lawrence et al. 1968; Birdson & Smith Introduced 
1991), and herbarium acronyms (Holmgren et al. 



Wo I 



1990), were followed. 



Distribution 



The geographical range 



covered is North 



GUIDE TO USING THE 
CATALOGUE OF NEW WORLD 

GRASSES 



Nomenclature 



America, Mcsoamerica, and South America, 
from Greenland to Tierra del Fuego. As this is a 
large-scale project, floristically related islands 
are included with adjacent countries (e.g., 
Galapagos Islands are included with Ecuador, 
Sl.-Pierre et Miquelon are included with Canada, 
the Falkland or Malvinas islands are included 



Taxa of all ranks (excluding taxa treated with Argentina). The Caribbean island nations 



fc 



r the International Code of Nomenclature 
Cultivated Plants) within Poaceae were 



are treated collectively. 



included. 



Taxonomy 



Abbreviations for distributions by 
country or Caribbean Region 



Arge 



Accepted and tentatively accepted names are Beli = Belize. 



Argentina (including Falkland Islands), 



in bold face. Names of unknown or of uncertain 
application, and synonyms are in italics. 



Synonymy 



We 



World 



the better known synonyms for introduced taxa. 



Levels of Acceptance and Status 

Each name not placed in synonymy was 
assigned a level of acceptance or confidence in 
the taxonomy. Names of all bolded taxa are 
validly published and legitimate, unless otherwise 
noted. 



Boli = Bolivia. 
Braz^ Brazil. 

Cana = Canada. 

Cari ^ Caribbean (including all island nations). 

Chil = Chile (including Juan Fernandez Islands) 

Colo= Colombia 

CoRi = Costa Rica. 

Guya = Guyana, 

Ecua = Ecuador (including Galapagos Islands). 
ElSa = El Salvador. 

FrGu = French Guiana. 

Guat = Guatamala. 

Hond = Honduras. 

Mexi = Mexico. 



Nica 



Nicaragua. 



1 = Accepted, 

2 = Tentatively accepted. 



Pan a = Panama. 
Para = Paraguay, 
Peru -= Peru. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



7 



Suri = Surinam, 



USA 



United States of America 



Urug = Uruguay. 
Vene = Venezuela. 



Abbreviations used in subheadings 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY = Also Accepted by. 

CNSLTD. LIT. - Consulted literature. 

DST. - Distribution. 

E. NAME = Earlier name. 

LVL. ACCPTC. = Level of Acceptance. 

NHT ^ Next Higher Taxon (in rank). 

SPP. = Number of accepted species. 

SUBSP. = Number of accepted infraspecies 

SYN. = Synonym(s). 
TRTD. BY = Treated by. 



Abbreviations and codes used in NOTES 



nom. nov. 



nomen novum, new name or 



avowed substitute name 
nom. nud. = nomen nudum, naked name, 
nom. inval. = nomen invalidum, invalid name. 



nom. illeg 



nomen illegitimum, illegitimate 



name 



nom. illeg. superfl. 



nomen illegitimum et 



superfluum, superfluous illegitimate name. 



hom. 



illeg. 



homonymum illegitimum, 



illegitimate name, a later homonym. 



isonym 



a subsequent unnecessary publication 



of a combination already validly published, 
as syn, = in synonymo, an invahd name originally 

published as a synonym of another, earlier 

validly published name. 
Basionym: A name on which combinations or 

transfers of rank, if any, are based. 
Blocking Name: A name (most often an earlier 

homonym) preventing the adoption of 

another name. 
Replaced Name: A name (later homonym) which 

a nomen novum replaced. 
Correct Name: A nomenclaturally valid and 

legitimate name that could have been 

adopted for an illegitimate name. 



Abbreviations used for Types 

T-Protol. = type protologue (type specimen data 
cited in the original publication of a name). 



T-Specim, 
labels). 



type specimen (from specimen 



Kinds of Types: ET = epitype, HT = holotype, 



IT 



isotype, ILT = isolectotype, INT 



isoneotype, 1ST 



isosyntype, LT 



lectotypc, NT = neotype, OM 



synlype, 



T 



original 
^ any 



type material, fragm. 



material, ST 
uncharacterized 
fragment of another type (mainly used for 
very incomplete specimens taken off other 
original specimens). 
TRIN ^ C. B. Trinius herbarium LE, numbers 
corresponding to IDC microfiche specimen 
numbers (Soreng et al. 1995). 



Types are cited twice if entered into the 
database in two w^ays, once under T-Protol., and 
again under T-Specim. This is because the data 
sometimes differ between what is stated in the 
publ ished protologue and what is stated on 
specimen labels. 



Consulted Literature and Also Accepted 

By 

Primary and secondary literature sources are 
cited as CNSLTD. LIT. under entries for genera. 
Other publications accepting the same taxonomy 

World Grasses are 
listed under the heading: ALSO ACCPTD. BY. 



as the Catalogue of New 



A CLASSIFICATION OF NEW 

WORLD POACEAE, SUBFAMILY 

CHLORIDOIDEAE 



Poaceae subfamilies, tribes, subtribes, and 
genera are listed below for grasses occurring in 
the New World ("i"= genera with no native 

= genera 



"c" 



species in the New World; 

occurring in the New World principally in 



Alignments 
and 



reflect recent 



cultivation), 

morphological and molecular syntheses 
(Columbus et al. 1998; Duvall et al. 1994; Hilu 
and Alice 2000, 2001; Ortiz and Culham 2000; 
Peterson 2000; Peterson et al. 1995, 1997; Van 
den Borre and Watson 1997, 2000), and 
interpretations by the present authors. 



subfam. Chloridoideae (SYN.: Eragrostoideae, 

Pappophoroideae) 
tribe Cynodonteae (SYN.: Chlorideae, 

Eragrostideae) 



8 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; 11. 



Incertae Sedis: DIepharidachnc, Chloris, 
Cladoraphis \, Cteninm, Cynodon, Dinebra i, 
Enteropogon, Eragrostis, Eustachys, 
Gouinia, Gymnopogon, Hilaria, Leptochloa, 
Lepturidium, Microchloa, Neesiochloa, 
Ncoboiiteloiia, Neyraudia i, Pleuraphis, 
Rhcochloa, Saugetia, Scleropogon, Sohnsia, 
Spartina, Steirachnc, Trie hi or is, 
Trichoneura, Tridens, Triplasis, Tripogon, 
Vaseyochloa, Willkommia 
subtribc Boutelouinae 
Bouteloua 

subtribe Eleusininae 

Dactyloctenium i, Elciisine, Triraphis 
subtribe Muhlenbergiinae 
Aegopogon, Bcalia, Blepharonevron, 
Chaboissaea, Lycurus, Muhlenbergia, 

Percilcma, Rcdfieldia, Schaffnerella, 
Schedonnardiis 
subtribe Monanthochloinae 

Allolepis, Distichlis, Joiivea, Monanthochloe, 
Reederochloa, Swallenia 
subtribe Munroinae 

Dasyochloa, Erioneuron, Miinroa 
subtribe SporoboHnae 

Calamovilfa, Crypsis i, Sporobolus 
subtribe Uniolinae 

Fingcrhuthia i, TctracJme, Vniola 
subtribe Zoysiinae 
Lcptothrium, Tragus i, Zoysia i 
tribe Orcuttieae 



Neostapfia, Orcuttia, Tuctoria 

tribe Pappophoreae 

Cot tea, Enneapogon, Pappophorum 



ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 



Many thanks are extended to the contributing 
authors Sonja Boechat, Yolanda Herrera-Arrieta, 
KJiidir Hilu, Neil Snow, Jesus Valdcs-Reyna, 
and Jeff Veldkamp; Chris Tuccinardi and Dawn 
Arculus (formerly) of US-type Register for 
providing the U.S. National Herbarium grass 



type 



records; 



Smitlisonian 



Institution 



Fellowships and Grants, Seidell Foundation, and 
James Smithson Society for providing funding 
for aspects of the databasing; Missouri Botanical 
Garden Staff and especially Bob Magill, Director 
of Research MBG, for TROPICOS support, 
programming, and web site development and 
production^ James Reveal for work on 
suprageneric names, and 
development of macros for downloading the files 
in publication format; Jeany Davidse, Victoria 
Batista, Donna Herendeen, Jill Marsden, Susan 
Pennington, Cirri Rohrbach^ and volunteers John 
S. Skinner, and Virginia G. Laschober for data 
entry; Dan H. Nicolson for extensive help in 
nomenclatural matters; and K, N, Gandhi and 
John H. Wiersema for their careful reviews. 



Peter Jsrgensen for 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



9 



CATALOGUE OF NEW WORLD GRASSES 



Acamptoclados Nash, Fl. S.E. U.S. 139, 1327. 1903. TYPE: Actinochloa scorpioides (Lag.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg 



Acamptoclados scssilispicus (Buckley) Nash. 
Eragrostis Wolf 



2: 420. 1817. Dasionym; Bouteloua scorpioides Lag. 

= Bouteloua scorpioides Lag. 



Acamptoclados sessilispicus (Buckley) Nash, FI. S.E. U.S. Actinochloa simplex (Lag ) Roem & SchuU., SysL Veg. 2 



140. 1903. Basionym: Eragrostis sessilispica\iucV\zy. 
= Eragrostis scssilispica Buckley. 



418. 1817. Basionym: Bouteloua simplex Lng. 
Bouteloua simplex Lag. 



AcJuiatherum soboUferum (MuhL ex Willd.) P. Beauv., Ess. Actinochloa tenuis (P. Beauv. ex Kunth) Willd. ex Roem. & 



Agrostogr. 20, 146, 148. 1812. Basionym: ^gro.y//5 
soboUfera Muhl. ex Willd. 
= Muhlenbergia soboUfera (Muhl. e\ Willd.) Trin. 

/ic/-oA7jrSteud.,Nomenc!. Bot. (cd. 2) 1: 22. 1840. 
NOTE: pro. syn. sub Muhlenbergia, 
= Muhlenbergia Schrcb, 



Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 418. 1817. Basionym: 
Chondrosum tenue P. Beauv. ex Kunth. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Aegilops aromatica Walter, Fl. Carol. 249. 1788. T-Protol.: 

USA: South Carolina. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph Wood. 



Actinochloa Willd. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 22, Aegilops saccharinum Walter, Fl. Carol. 249. 1788. T- 



417. 1817. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrfl. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 



Protol.: USA: South Carolina. 
- Dactyloctcnium aegyptium (L ) Willd. 



Actinochloa barbata (Lag.) Roem. & Schult, Syst. Veg. 2: AcgOpOgOIl Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd., Sp. PI. 4(2): 



420. 1817. Basionym: Bouteloua barbata Lag. 

= Bouteloua barbata Lag. 

Actinochloa bromoides (Lag.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 

420. 1817. Basionym; Bouteloua bromoides Lag. 
= Bouteloua repens (Kimth) Scribn. 

Actinochloa gracilis (Kunth) Willd. ex Roem. & Schult., 

Syst. Veg. 2: 418. 1817. Basionym: Chondrosum 

gracile Kunth. 
= Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Actinochloa hirsuta (Lag.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2; 

419. 1817. Basionym: Bouteloua hirsuta L?ig, 
= Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 

Actinochloa humilis (P. Beauv ex Kunth) Willd. ex Roem. & 

Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 417. 1817. Basionym: 
Chondrosum hwnile P. Beauv. ex Kunth. 
=^ Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Actinochloa juncifolia (Lag.) Roem. & Schuit., Syst. Veg 2: 

420. 1817. Basionym: Bouteloua juncifolia Lag. 
= Bouteloua juncifolia Lag. 

Actinochloa ovata (Lag.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 420. 

1817. Basionym: Bouteloua ovata Lag. 
= Bouteloua chondrosioides (Kunth) Benth. ex S. Watson. 

Actinochloa procumhens (P. Durand) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 

Veg. 2: 417, 1817. Basionym: Chloris procufubens P. 

Durand. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Actinochloa prostrata (hort. ex Lag.) Roem, & Schult., Syst. 

Veg. 2: 419. 1817. Basionym: Bouteloua prostrata 
hort. ex Lag. 

= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 



899. 1805 [1806]. TYPE: Aegopogon cenchroides 

Humb. &Boapl. ex Willd. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Muhlenbergiinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 4. 
CNSLTD. LIT,: Beetle, A. A., (1948). 
SYN.: Atherophora Steud.; Hymcnothecium Lag.; 

Schellingia Steud. 

Aegopogon argentinus Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 

17(8-12): 145. 192L T-Proto!.: Argentina: Prov. Salta: 
Sierra Nevada del Castillo, Lorentz & Hieronymus. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Argentina: Salta, no date, P.G. 
Lorentz & G. Hieronymus 182 [HT: B; IT: US-75037 
(fragm. ex B)]. 
- Aegopogon bryophilus Doll. 

Aegopogon breviglumis (Scribn.) Nash, N. Amer. FI. 17(2): 

139. 1912. Basionym: Aegopogon geminiflorus var, 
breviglumis Scribn. 
= Aegopogon cenchroidesllumb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Aegopogon bryophilus Doll, FI. Bras. 2(3): 239. 1880. T- 

ProTol.: Brasilia: Habitat prope Rio de Janeiro, G/ar/oi/ 
II66I. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Minas Gerais, 10 
Apr 1879,^.F.A/. Glaziou 11661 [IT: US-1280026J. 
DST.. Arge, Boli, Braz, Colo, Ecua, Peru. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1948); Brako, L. & J. 

L. Zarucchi (1993); Doll, J. C. (1880); Foster, R. C. 
(1958); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Jorgensen, P. M. & 
S. Le6n-Yanez (eds.) (1999), Macbridc, J. F. (1936); 
Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Tovar, 6. (1993), Zuloaga, 
F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugoto de Agrasar, O. 
Morrone, J. Pensicro & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 
SYN.: Aegopogon argentinus Mcz; Aegopogon fiebrigii 

Mez; Aegopogon geminiflorus var. muticus Pilg. 



10 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Atgopogon ccnchroifJc-S Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd,, Sp. PL 

4(2): 899. 1806. T^Protol.: Habitat in Cumana. T- 
Specim.: I of 1. Venezuela: Sucre: Cununti J htmboldt 
<^ Bonpland s.n. [3002] [I IT: B-W; IT: P, US-75957 
(fragm. ex P)]. 

DST.: Boli, Braz, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, Guya, 

Hond, Mexi, Pana, Peru, USA, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1948); Beetle, A. A. 

(1983); Berendsohn, W. G. & A. E. Araniva de 
Gonzalez (1991), Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 
Brccdlove, D. n. (1986), Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & 
A. O. Chatcr (editores gencrales) (1994); Espejo 
Scrna, A,, A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Foster, R. C. (1958), Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 

Jorgensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa U. (1994); Jorgensen, P. 
M. & S. Lcon-Ydnez (eds.) (1999); Judzicwicz, E. J. 
(1990); Molina R., A. (1975); Pohl, R. W. (1980); 



Mexico: Veracruz: Orizaba, Botterl 41 [ST: P]. 4 of 5. 
Mexico: Orizaba,^/ Botferi ii A.L Sumicrast 84 [ST: 
P]. 5 of 5. Mexico, Schaffncr 7 [ST: P]. 
= Acgopogon tenellus (DC.) Trin. 

Acgopogon gcminiJJorus \^:. breviglumis Scribn., Zoe 4(4): 

386. 1894. T-ProloL: Mexico: Snucito, 14 Oct 1893, 
Brandegee 69 [HT: US]. T-Spccim.: 1 of L Mexico: 
Baja California: Saucito, 14 Oct 1893,7^5. Brandegee 
SM. [HT: US-75306]. 
= Acgopogon cenchroidesHumb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Aegopogon gemimflorus \?iX.muiicus Pilg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 

27: 25. 1899. T-Proto!.: Bolivia: crescit ad vicum 
Sorata, flor. coll. mens. Mai, 1892, Baiig 1307. T- 
Specim.: 1 of I. Bolivia: La Paz, May 1892, A/. Bang 
/J07[IT:US-926725]. 
= Acgopogon bryophilus Doll. 



Pohl, R. W. (1994); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Shrevc, Aegopogon geminifloms subvar. purpwens Griscb. ex E. 



F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964); Swallen, J. R. (1955); 
Tovar,6. (1993). 
SYN,: Aegopogon brevighimis (Scribn.) Nash, Aegopogon 

cenchroides var. breviglumis (Scribn.) Beetle; 
Aegopogon cenchroides var. geminijlorus (Kunlh) 
Griseb.; Aegopogon cenchroides var. muUisetus E. 
Foum.; Aegopogon cenchroides var. trisetus (Lag.) 

E. Fourn.; Aegopogon geminijlorus var. breviglumis 
Scribn.; Aegopogon guatemalensis Gand.; 
Aegopogon midtisetus S\c\m1.\ Aegopogon pusiUus P. 
Bcauv.; Aegopogon quiiiquesetus (Lag.) Roem. & 
Schult.; Acgopogon setifcr Nces; Aegopogon 
subuuiticiis ^\xpT.\ Aegopogon trisctiis (Lag.) Roeni. 
& Schult.; Ilymcnotheciwn qiiincpicsetum Lag.; 
Hymenothecium trisctum Lag. 

Aegopogon cenchroides var. breviglumis (Scribn.) Beetle, 

8(2): 23. 1948. Basionym: 



Univ, 



Wyoming Pubt. 



Aegopogon geminijlorus var. breviglumis Scribn. 
= Aegopogon cenchroides Hunib. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Aegopogon cenchroides var. geminijlorus (Kunlh) Griseb., 

Abh. Konigl. Gcs. Wiss. Gottingen 24: 301. 1879. 
Basion> in: Aegopogon geminijlorus Kunth. 
= Acgopogon ccnchroidcslkimb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Aegopogon cenchroides \?iX.multisetus E. Fourn., Mexic. PL 

2: 72. 1886. T-Specini.: 1 of 2. Mexico: Moran. in 
rupibus, 1840, //. Galeotti 5S0H [HT: BR; IT: P, US- 
75958 (fragni. ex P)]. 2 of 2. Mexico: Toluca, 
Bcrlandicr U81 [ST: LE, P]. 
= Acgopogon cenchroidesHumb, & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Aegopogon cenchroides y^Unsetus (Lag.) E. Fourn., Mexic. 

PL 2: 72. 1886. Basionym: Hymenothecium trisetum 

Lag. 

= Acgopogon cenchroidesHumb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Aegopogon fichrigii Mez, Rcpcrl. Spec. Nov, Rcgni Vcg. 

17(8-12): 145. 1921. T-ProtoL: Bolivia: Camacho, 
Fiebrig. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Bolivia: Camacho, no date, 
K. Fiebrig 2865 [1 IT: B; IT:US-75308 (fragm. ex B)]. 
= Acgopogon bryophilus DolL 

Aegopogon geminijlorus var.aborlivus E. Fourn., Mexic. PL 

2: 71. 1886. T-Spccim.: 1 of 5. Mexico: Veracruz: 

Orizaba, 1864, UeherA Thomas sm, [ST; P; 1ST: US- 
75961 (fragm. ex P)]. 2 of 5. Mexico, no date, M 
Bourgeau 750 [1ST: US-75303 (fragm.)]. 3 of 5. 



Fourn,, Mexic. PI. 2: 71. 1886. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. 
Mexico: Tacubaja, Schajfner l6Sa (pi ed. Ilohen.) 
[ST]. 2 of 2. Panama, Seemann (Bot. Herald 225) [ST: 

= Aegopogon tenelUis (DC.) Trin. 

Aegopogon geminijlorus var. unisetus (Lag ) E. Fourn. » 

Mexic, PL 2: 7L 1886. Basionym: Hymenothecium 
urtisetum Lag. 
= Aegopogon tcnellus (DC.) Trin. 

Aegopogon gracilis Vasey, Bull. Torrcy Bot. Club 13(12): 

230. 1886. 'l-ProtoL: Mexico: Southwestern 
Chihuahua, 1885,/)/*. Ed. Palmer s.n. T-Spccim.: I of 
1. Mexico: Chihuahua, Aug 1885-Nov 1885, E, 
Palmer 28 [HT: US-75305]. 
= Aegopogon tcnellus (DC.) Trin. 

Aegopogon guatemalensis Gand., Bull. Soc. RoL France 

66(7): 298. 1919 [1920]. T-ProtoL: Habitat Guatemala, 
ad Alta Verapiiz, Tuerckheim s.n. T-Specim.: I of 1. 
Guatemala: Alta Verapaz, 1901, H. von Tuerckheim 
s.n. [HT: LY; IT: US-75304 (fragm.)]. 

= Aegopogon cenchroidesHumb & BonpLex Willd. 

Aegopogon imperjectus ^^sh,N, AuKr.F]. 17(2): 138. 1912. 

T-ProtoL: Collected on cool mossy ledges, Arroyo 

Aucho, Sierra Madre, Chihuahua, Mexico, 15 Oct 

1887, C.G. Pringle 1408 [HT: NY]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Chihuahua. 15 Oct 1887, C.G. Pringle 1408 
[IiT:NY;lT: US-740860]. 
= Acgopogon tcnellus (DC.) Trin. 

Aegopogon muldsetus Sleud., Syn. PL Glumac. 1: 146. 1854. 

T-Specim.: 1 of L Venezuela, no date, N, Funck & 
L.J. Schlim 827 [HT: P; IT: US-75960 (fragm ex P)], 
Locality published as Mexico. 
= Aegopogon cenchroidesHumb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Aegopogon pusillus P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 122, t. 22, L 

4. 1812. T-ProtoL: Colombia. 
= Aegopogon cenchroidesHumb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Aegopogon quinqueseius (Lag.) Ruem. & SchulL, Syst. Veg. 

Basionym: Hymenothecium 



1: 



805. 



1817. 



quinqucsetum Lag. 
= Acgopogon cenchroidesHumb. & BnnpL ex Willd. 

Aegopogon rigidisetus S\t\\A,,^yx\. PI. Glumac. I: 146. 1854. 

T-ProtoL: USA; Texas, Drummond s.n. T-Specim.: I 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11, 



11 



of 1. USA: Texas, 1856, Drummond 374 [HT: P; IT: 
US^879824 (fragm. c\ P), US-1063200 (fragm. ex E)]. 
= Boutcloua rigidiseta (Steud.) Hitchc. 



Aeluropodinae subtrib. Jacq.-FcL, Gram. Afr. Trop. I: 94. 

1962. 
NOTE: nom. inva!., without Latin description. 



Aegopogon setifer Nces, Linnaea 19(6): 691. 1847. T- Agropyron gertiinatum (Spreng.) Scluilt., Mant. 3(Add 1) 



Specim.: 1 of 1, Mexico, no date,^. Aschenborn 132 
[HT: B, IT: US-75953 (fragm. ex B)]. 
= Aegopogon ccnchroidesHunib. & Bonpl. ex Willd, 

Aegopogon soliiii G.A. Levin, Mem. San Diego Soc. Nat. 

Hist. 16: 6L 1989. T^Protol.; Mexico: Isla Socorro, E 
slope at 980 m near summit of Cerro Evermann, near 
1S.46N 1 10.57W, 4 Apr 19&1 Moran 29504 [HT: SD; 
IT: ClIAPA, MO, US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Socorro L, 4 Apr 1981, R^ Moran 29504 [IT: US- 
3170268]. 

DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPID. BY: Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and }. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Levin, G. A. & 

R. Moran (1989). 

Aegopogon submuticus Rupr., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- 

Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde PL Sci. Nat. 
6,4(1): 25. 1840. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. VanJIaenke s.n. 

[T: PR]. 
= Aegopogon cenchroidcsHumb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Aegopogon tcncIlus(DC.) Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 164. 

1824. Basionym: Lamarckia tenella DC. 
DST.: CoRi, ElSa, Guat, Hond, Mexi, Pana, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1948); Berendsohn, 

W. G. & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); 
Brecdiove, D. E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & 



655. 1827. Basionym: Triticum gcminafum Spreng. 
= Elcusine tristaehya (Lam.) Lam. 

Agropyron peruvlanum (Lam.) Roem. & Schull., Syst. Veg. 

2: 761. 1817. Basionym: Triticwn peruvianum Lam. 
= Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Agrosticida Raddi, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 33. 1823. TYPE: 

Agrosticida muralis Raddi. 
= Sporobolus R. Br. 

Agrosticida brasiliensis (Raddi) Ilertcr, Revista Sudamcr. 

Bot. 6: 145. 1939. Basionym: Aira brasiliensis Raddi. 
NOTE: cf Gray Herb Card Cat. 
= Eragrostis airoides Nees. 

Agrosticula muralis Raddi, Agrostogr. Bras. 33t. 1, f. 2. 

1823. T-Protol.: Brasilia: invenitur in veteribus nuuis 
Rio-San^iro, Raddi s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Rio 
de Janeiro, no date, G. Raddi s.n. [HT; PI; IT: US- 
76254 (fragm. ex PI)J. 
= Sporobolus tenuissimus (Mart, ex Schrank) Kiintze. 

Agrostis airoides Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 

1(1): 151-152. 1824. T-Protof: USA: On the branches 
of the Arkansas, near the Rocky M{s.,Dr E. James. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA; Colorado, no date,£. James s.n. 
[Hf; NY-327612; IT: US-76255 (fragm. & photostat 
ex hb. Torrey)]. 
- Sporobolus airoides (Torr.) Torr. 



A. O. Chatcr (editores generales) (1994); Gould. F. Agrostis apetala Bosc ex Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- 



/ 



W. & R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 
Molina R., A. (1975); Pohl, R. W. (1980); Pohl, R. 
W. (1994);SwalIen,J. R, (1955). 
SYN.: Aegopogon geminiflorus sub\(iT, pmpiireus Griseb. 

ex E. Fourn.; Aegopogon geminiflorus v^r.abordvus 
E. Fourn,; Aegopogon geminiflorus var. unisetus 
(Lag.) E. Fourn.; Aegopogon gracilis Vasey; 

Aegopogon imperfectus Nash; Aegopogon tenellus 
var. abortivus (E. Fourn.) Beetle; Aegopogon 
imisetus (Lag.) Roem. & ^chulL, Chloris pedicellata 
Steud.; Chloris pedicellata Steud. ex E. Fourn.; 
Cynosurus tenellus Cav. ex DC; Hymenothecium 
tenellum (Cav. ex DC) Lag.; Hymenothecium 
unisetum Lag.; Lamarckia tenella DC; Schellingia 
tenera Steud. 

Aegopogon tenellus v^r.aborlivus (E. Fourn.) Beetle, Univ. 

Wyoming Publ. 8(2): 19. 1948. Basionynr.Aegopogon 
cenchroidcs var. abortivus E. Fourn. 

= Aegopogon tenellus (DC) Trin. 

Aegopogon trisetus (Lag.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 

805. 1817. Basionym: Hymenothecium trisetumLa^. 
= Aegopogon cenchroides Humb. & Bonpf ex Willd. 

Aegopogon unisetus (Lag.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg, 2: Agrostis bermudiana Tussac ex Kunth, Enum. PL 1: 259 



Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 

6,4(3-4): 287. 1841. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of hiuhlcnbergia diffusa 

Schreber. 
= Muhleiibergia schreberi J.F. Gmel. 

tgrosiis arachnoides Poir., Encycl. 1: 249. 1810. T-ProtoL: 
USA: Carolina, Bosc. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: South 
Carolina, no date, A/. Bosc s.n. [J: FI, US-76290a 

(fragm. & photostat ex Fl)]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia cxpansa (Poir.) Trin. 

Agrostis alrovirens (Kunth) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 

361. 1817- Basionym: Vilfa atrovirensKuwih.. 
= Sporobolus atrovirens (Kunth) Kunth. 

Agrostis barbata Pers., Syn. PI. 1: 75. 1805. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. 
CORRECT NAME: Agrostis littoraUs Lam. 

= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 

Agrostis barbata v^i.senegalensis Pers., S)n. PL 1: 76. 1805. 

T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Senegal, Roussillon s.n. [HT: P- 
LAM]. 
= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 



805. 1817. Basionym: Hymenothecium unisetum Lag. 
= Aegopogon tenellus (DC) Trin. 

Aeluropodeae trib. Nevski ex Bor, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 1 12: 184. 

1965. TYPE: Aehtropus Trin. 



1833. T-ProloL; Bermuda. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. ofCynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Agrostis boeckeleri Seub. ex Steud., Syn. PL Glumac. 1:218 

1 854. T-ProtoL: USA: Texas. 



12 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



NOTE: iiujn. inval., as syn. oi Gymnopo^on distichophyllus Agrostis debilis (Kunth) Sprcng., Syst. Veg. I: 262. 1825. 



Stcudcl. 
= Gymnopogon ambiguus (Michx.) Britlon, Sterns & 

Poggcnb. 

Agrostis brevifoHa Nutt., Gen. N. Anicr. PI. 1: 44. 1818. T- 



Basionym: Podosemum debde Kunlh. 
NOTE: horn, illcg. 
E. NAME: Agrostis debilis Puir. 
= Muhlenbcrgia niicrospcrma (DC) Kunth. 



ProtoL: USA: near Fori Mandan: Missouri Rv., in Agrostis diandra Rtiz., Obscrv. Bot. 5: 19. 1789 [1788]. T- 



sterile naked plains and arid agillaceous soils. 
= Muhlenbcrgia cuspidata (Torr. ex Hook.) Rydb. 

Agrostis caespitosa Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 



Spechn.: 1 of 1. \\\^i^ Kocnig sm. [IIT: LD, IT: BM 
(photo BRI), C, K (photo, BRI), L, NSW]. 
Sporobolus diandrus (Retz ) P. Beauv. 



1(1): 152-153. 1824. T-Protol: USA: On the prairies Agrostis diffusa Muhl., Descr. Gram. 64. 1817. T-Specim.: I 



of the Missouri and Plait rivers. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 

USA: Prairies of the Missouri and Plate, £ James sm, 

[T:NY-327621 (possible)]. 

NOTE: nom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Agrostis caespitosa (L.) Salisb, 

CORRECT NAME: Agrostis peckiiUousc. 

= Muhleiibergia torrcyi (Kunth) Hitchc. ex Bush. 

Agrostis clandestiua Biehlcr, PI. Nov. Herb. Spreng. 8. 1807. 

T-Protol.: USA: Penns)'Ivania: eastern, Muhlenberg. 
T-Specini.: 1 of T USA: Pennsylvania, no date, £x: 
Herb, Muhlenberg 115 [HT: PlI; IT: US-1 535795 
(fragm. ex PH)]. 
= Sporobolus clandestinus (Biehler) Hilchc. 

Agrostis compressa Poir., Encycl., Suppl. I: 258. 1810. T- 

Protol.: Caroline, M, Base, T-Specim.: I of 1. USA: 
Carolina, Bosc s.n. [HT: P?; IT: P]. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E. NAME: Agrostis compressa Willd. 
= Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br. 



of I. [North America], no. 102 [IIT: PH; IT: US- 

1535800 (ex PH)]. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. 
E. NAME: Agrostis diffusa I lost. 
CORRECT NAME: Agrostis sylvatica Torr. 
= Muhlcnber^ia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr ex A. Gray. 

Agrostis distichopliylla Phil., Fl. Atacam, 54. 1S60. T-Protol.: 

Chile: propc Tilopozo ad marginem paludis. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Chile: prope Tilopozo ad marginem 
paludos illius ingcntis salsae fere sicae, 23.20 lat., 
7000 ft [T]. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Agrostis distichophylla Roem. &. Schult. 

CORRECT NAME: Agrostis ercmophila Speg. 

= Muhlenbergia asperifoUa (Nees & Meycn ex Trin.) 

Parodi. 

Agrostis domingensis (Trin.) Schull., Mant. 3(Add. 1): 570. 

1827. Basionym: Vilfa domingensis Jnn. 
" Sporobolus domingensis (Trin.) Kunlh. 



Agrostis compressa Torr., Cat. PI. New York 91. 1819. T- Agrostis elongata Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 162. 1791. T- 



Protol.: USA: New Jersey: in swamps, Goldy s.n. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: New Jersey: pine barrens, Oct. 

1817, J. Goldie s.n. [ST: NY-327622, NY-327623; 

1ST: US-76265 (fragm. and photostat ex NY hb. 

Torrey)]. 2 of 2. USA: New Jersey: Quaker Bridge, 

Sep 1829 [ST: NY-327624 (possible)]. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Agrostis compressa Willd. 
CORRECT NAME: Agrostis torreyarsa Schult. 

= Muhlenbergia torrcyana (Schult.) Hitchc. 

Agrostis congener Schumach., Beskr. Guin. PI. 46. 1827. T- 

Protol: Guinea, Thonnings.n. [C]. 
NOTE: also in Kongel. Daiiske Vidensk. 



Sdsk 



Nalurvidcnsk. Math. Ath. 3: 66 (1828). 
Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 



Agrostis cruciata L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 2: 873. 1759. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 2. Jamaica, no A^it,S\vartz hb. [IT: US- 
80823 (fragm. ex hb. Swartz)], Basis of Chloris 
cruciata. 2 of 2. Jamaica, l\ Browne s.n. [LT: LINN], 
LT designated by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 
12: 120(1908). 
NOTE: also nom. nud. in PI. Jam. Pugill. 2: 7, description 

cited as L. in Syst. Nat. cd 10, 2: 873 as Andropogon. 
— Cliloris cruciata (L.) Sw. 

Agrostis cryptandra Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New 

York 1(1): 151. 1824. T-Protol.: USA: Texas or 
Oklahoma: Canadian Rv,, James s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 
1. USA: Texas or Oklahoma, Canadian River, no date, 

£. James SM. [T: NY-128298; IT: US-76269 (fragm. & 
photostat ex NY)]. 
= Sporobolus cryptandrus (Torr.) A. Gray. 



Protol.: Ex Amer. Merid. 
NO'l E: nom. illeg. supcrtT, based on same type as A. indica 

L. 
CORRECT NAME: Agrostis indica L. 
= Sporobolus indicus (L) R. Br. 

Agrostis elongata \m.flaccida Roth, Syst. Veg, 2: 368. 1817. 

T-Specim.: 1 of 2. India, Roth SOB [ST: BM (photo, 

BRI), 1ST: LE-TRIN-1699.0I (photo, L, BRI)]. 2 of 2. 
India,./?. JVight 30 [ST: LI 
= Sporobolus diandrus (Rctz.) P. Beauv. 

Agrostis eremophila Speg., Analcs Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. 

Buenos Aires 7: 190. 1902. 
REPLACED NAME: Agrostis distichophylla Phil. 
BLOCKING NAME: Agrostis distichophylla Roem. & 

Schull. 
= Muhlenbergia aspcrifolia (Nees & Meyen ex Trin.) 

Parodi. 

Agrostis ffliformis J. Konig ex Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 26L 

1833. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Cynodon elongaius Trin. 
E. NAME: Agrostis fdiformis Vill. 

= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Agrostis frondosa Poir., Lncycl. 1; 252. 1810. T-Protol.: 

Germany. 
= Muhlenbergia frondosa (Poir.) Fernald. 

Agrostis glauca (Nees) Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 175. 

1854. Basionym: Podosemum glaucum Nccs. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 
E. NAME: Agrostis glauca Muhl. 
- Muhlenbergi:i glauca (Nees) B.D. Jacks. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



13 



Agrosiis heterolepis (A. Gray) Alph. Wood, Class-book Bot. Agrostis mcxicana L., Mant. PL 31. 1767. T-Protol.: Habitat 



in America calidiorc, D. Jacquin, erroneously credited 
to tropical America [see Man. U.S. Grasses]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Cultivated in Hortus Upsaliensis, 
Anon. [T: LTNN; IT: US-76278 (fragm. ex LINN)], see 
Hitciicock, Contr, U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 1 19 (1908). 
= Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin. 

Agrostis mlcrosperma Lag., Gcjl Sp. PI. 2. 1816. T-Proto!.: 

D. Sesse. T-Specini.: 1 of L Mexico: plants grown at 
the Botanical Garden of Madrid from seeds collected 
by Sess6 in Mexico, Sesse [HT: MA?]. 
= Muhlenbergia microsperma (DC.) Kiinth. 

Agrostis vutmtissima Stcud., Syn. Pf Glumac. 1: 171. 1854. 

T-Protol.: USA: New Mexico: n^l^Fendler 986. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: New Mexico. 1847,.^. Fendler 
986 [IT; MO, NY-327637, US-825378, US-997292]. 
= Mulileiibcrgia minutissima (Stcud.) Swallcn. 

Agrostis mucronata (Kunth) Spreng., Syst. Veg. I: 262. 

1825. Basionym: Podosemum mucronatum Kunth. 
= Muhlenbergia mucronata (Kunth) Trin. 

Agrostis peruviana (P. Beauv.) Spreng., Syst. Vcg. 1 ; 262. 

1825- Basionym: Clomena penixiana P. Beauv. 
= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Steud. 

Agrostisjw}cea'L^m.,^ncyQ\. 1:60. 1783. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Agrostis plumosa Ten., FL Napo!. 1: LIX. 1811. T-Protol.: 



598. 1847. Basionym: Vilfa heterolepis A. Gray. 
= Sporobolus heterolepis (A. Gray) A. Gray. 

Agrostis implicata (Kunth) Spreng., Sysl. Veg. 1: 262. 1825. 

Basionym: Podosemum implicatum Kunth, 
= Muhlenbergia implicata (Kunth) Trin. 

Agrostis indica L., Sp PL 63. 1753. T-Protol.: Habitat in 

India. T-Specim.: 1 of I. USA: Virginia, C/ajro/; 460B 
[LT: LINN-84.36; ILT: SI (fragm.)], LT designated by 
Hubbard. Agron. Lus, 28 (1967). 
= Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br. 

Agrostis involuta Muhl., Cat. PI. Amer. Sept. 11. I8I3, 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

= Sporobolus compositus (Poir.) Merr. 

Agrostis invohita Muhl., Descr Gram. 72. 1817. T-Protol.: 

USA: Pennsylvania & New York: Susquehanna Rv. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Pennsylvania, no date,//. C. 
Muhlenberg IN [HT: PII; IT: US-1535794 (fragm, ex 

PH)], 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Agrostis involuta Poir. 
CORRECT NAME: Agrostis longifolia Torr. 
= Sporobolus compusitus (Poir.) Merr. 



\nd\^,Sonnerats.n. [I IT: P; IT: US (fragm.)]. 
= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 

Agrostis juncea Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 52. 1803. T- 

Protol.: Michauxsn. [HT: P]. T-Specim.: 1 of I. USA: 
in aridis Carolinae, Michaux s.n. [HT: P], 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Agrostis juncea Lam. 

CORRECT NAME: Heleochloa juncea P. Beauv. 

- Sporobolus junceus (P. Beauv.) Kunth. 

Agrostis lanata Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 136. 1815 [1816], T- 



Naples, presumably. 
= Sporobolus pyramidatus (Lam.) Hitciic. 

Agrostis pubescens Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 136. 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Mexico: 1300 et 1460 hexap., 
Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Guanuato: Villalpando: Santa Rosa et Cerro del 
Cubilete, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [HT: P; IT: LE- 
TRIN-1557.01 b (fragm. [ hrbr. no. 1746] & fig), US- 

76283]. 
= Muhlenbergia pubescens (Kimlh) Ilitchc. 



Protol.: Mexico: 1300 & 1460 hcxap., Humboldt <i Agrostis pungens Muhl. X^^ P^- AnM^i.Scpl 11. 1813. 
Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of I. Mexico: Guanuato: 



Villalpando, Humboldt (^ Bonpland s.n. [HT: P]. 
= Muhlenbergia pubescens (Kunth) Ilitchc. 

Agrostis lateriflora Michx., FL Bor.-Amer. I: 53. 1803. T- 

ProtoL: Hab. praesertim in praccipitibus saxosis 
fluminis Mississipi et ripariiis WWnocnsihu^, Mwhaux 
s.n. [HT: P]. T-Specim.: I of 1. USA: in ripis sabulosis 
inundatis tluminis Misisipi ripariis Illinoensisbus, ^. 
Michaux s.n. [HT: P; IT: US-76274 (fragnn. & photo 

ex P)]. 
= Muhlenbergia frondosa (Poir.) Fernald. 

Agrostis littoralis Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 161 I79L T- 

Protol.: America merid., Communic. a D. Richard. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 2. South America, no date, /j*?/- ft. J.B.P. 
Lamarck s.n. [ST: US-76275 (fragm. ex P)]. 2 of 2. 
Antilles: Virgin Islands: bayis Trium insularum 
Danarum, May 1787,L.C.M Richard sm, [LT: P; ILT: 
P-LAM], LT designated by Baaijens & Veldkamp, 
Blunica35: 446 (1991). 
= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 

Agrostis matrella L., Mant. PI. 185. 1771. T-Protol.: Habitat 

in Malabariae arenosis. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Sri Lanka ?, 



NOTE: nom. nud. 

= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunlh. 

Agrostis pungens Muhl., Descr. Gram. 72. 1817. T-Protol.: 

USA: [Pennsylvania?]. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 
E. NAME: Agrostis pungens Schreb. 
- Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 

Agrostis pwpurascens Sw., Prodr. 25. 1788. T-Protol.: 

Jamaica. T-Spccim.: I of I. H\r\^\c^,S\vartz s.n. [HT: 

S; IT: BM]. 
= Sporobolus purpurascens (Sw.) Ham. 

Agrostis pyramidalis Rich, ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 

153. 1854. T-Protol.: West Indies. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Vilfa richardii Steudel. 
= Sporobolus pyramidatus (Lam.) Hitchc. 

Agrostis pyramidata Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 161. 1791. T- 

Protol.: Amer. merid., Richard s.n. [HT: P]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 2. Martinique, Richard, s.n. [T: LE- 
TRIN-1645.01 (fragm. & illust.)]. 2 of 2. South 
America, Richard s.n. [HT; P-LAJ. 
= Sporobolus pyramidatus (Lam.) Hitchc. 



Koenig 56 [LT: LINN-84.11; ILT: L], LT designated Agrostis racemosa Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 53. 1803. T- 



by Goudswaard, Blumea 26: ? (1980). 
= Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr. 



Protol.: USA: Illinois: in ripas sabulosis inundatis 



14 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



fliiminis M\ss\ss\p], Midiaux s.n. [HT: P]. T-Spccim.: 
1 of 1. USA: in ripis sabulosis inundatis fluminis 
Mississippi, Michaux sm. [HT: P; IT: US-76287 
(fragm. & photo ex P)]. 
= MuliliMibergia raccmosa (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggcjib. 

Agrostis ramulosa (Kunth) Rocni. & Schult., Syst. Vcg. 2: 

361. 1817. Basionym: V'dfa ramulosa Kunth. 
= Muhleabcrgia ramulosa (Kunth) Swallen. 

Agrostis sericea (Michx.) ElhoU, Sketch Hot. S. Carolina 1: 

135. 1816. Baiiionym; Stipa sericea Michx. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia sericea (Michx.) P.M. Peterson. 

Agrostis serotina Torr., Fl. N. Middle United States 1: 88. 

1823. T^Protol.: USA: New Jersey. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: New Jersey: Pine barrens, 1803 [l],Nutlal s.n. 



NOTE: num. nov., also Revist. Gram. 1: Suppl. 1834 

XVII. 

REPLACED NAME: Agrostis caespitosa Torr. 
BLOCKING NAME: Agrostis caespitosa (L.) Salisb. 
= iMuhlciibergia forreyi (Kunth) Ilitchc. ex Bush. 



P- 



Agrostis tremidamM.^Sp.Vl 1:372. 1797. T-ProtoL: Ilah. 

in Indiae lucis. 

NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrtl. 

CORRECT NAME: Agrostis jtmcea Lam. 

= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 

Agrostis trichopodes Elliott, Sketch Bol. S. Carolina 1 : 135, t. 

8, f 1. 1816. T-ProtoL: USA. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
South Carolina, Charleston Co., Charleston Neck, no 
dalc,5.rt. [T: IT: NY-22645 (possible)]. 
= Miihlenbergla expaiisa (Poir.) Trin. 



"Agrostis serotina" map [IT: GH, LE-TRIN-1 739.05, Agrostis virginica L., Sp. PI. I: 63. 1753. T-PiotoL: Habitat 



US-76292 (fragm. & photostat ex G)]. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Agrostis serotina (L.) L. 

- Muhleiibergia iiniflora (Mnhl.) Fernald. 

Agrostis setosa (Kuntli) Spreng., Syst. Veg, 1: 262. 1825. 

Basionym: Podosemum setosum Kunth. 
= Muhlenbergia niicrosperma (DC.) Kunth, 

Agrostis soboUfera Muhl. ex Willd., Enum. PI. 95. 1809. T- 

Protol.: USA: Pennsylvania: sytvis. T-Specim,: 1 of 1. 
USA: Pennsylvania, no date, Ex Herb. Mtddenberg 
III [HT: PIL IT: US-1535796 (fragm. ex PII)]. 
= Muhlenbergia sobulifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. 

Agrostis syhatica Torr., Fl. N. Middle United Stales 1: 87. 

1823. T-Prolol.: USA: Mountians of New Jersey. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Agrostis sylvatica I luds. 
REPLACED NAME: Agrostis diffusa Muhl. 
BLOCKING NAME: Agrostis diffusa Host. 
= Muhlenbergia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr. ex A. Gray. 



in Virginia. T-Spccim.: 1 of !. USA: habitat in 
Virginia, J. Clayton 507 [LT: L1NN-S4J0; ILT: BM, 
US-76294 (fragm. ex BM)], LT designated by 
Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 119(1908). 
= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 

Agrostomia aristata Cerv., Naturaleza (Mexico City) I: 345. 

1870. T-Pfotol.: Mexico: San Angel, San Agustin de 
las Cuevas, in agris. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Distrilo Federal: San Angel, San Aguslin de las 
Cuevas, in agris [T: BR?, F?, Fl?, MEXU?, NY?, 
OXF*^]. 

= Chloris rufescens Lag. 

Agrostomia barbata Cerv., Naturaleza (Mexico City) 1: 346. 

1R70. T-Protol.: Mexico: Cncrnavaca, 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Agrostomia mutica Cerv., NaUiraleza (Mexico City) 1: 345. 

1870. T-ProtoL: Mexico: San Ansel, San Agustin de 
las Cuevas: in agris. 

- Chloris submutica Kunth. 



Agrostis tenacissima L. f, Suppl. PI. 107. 1781. T-ProtoL: Aira brasiliensis R^idd'u Agrostogr. Bras. 36. 1823. T^Pmtol.: 



Hort. Upsal.: "India oriental!", [error for America] see 
Bor, KcwBliII. 1957:233. 
= Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin. 

Agrostis tcnuijlora Willd,, Sp. PI. I: 364. 1797. T-ProtoL: 



Brasilia: invcnitur in veteribus muris prope Rio- 
janeiro. T-Specim.: I of 1. Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, 
Raddis.n. [HT:FI]. 
= Eraurosfis airoides Nees. 



North America [America borcali]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Aira capdlacea Lam., Tab!. Encycl. 1: 177, 1791. T-Protol.: 



cuk. in hort Bcroliensc, no AdXQ, Anonymous s.n, [T: 
IT: US-76295 (fragm. ex LE-TRIN)]. 

= Muhlenbergia lenuiflora (Willd.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 



USA: E. Carolinia, D. Fraser. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: "Carolina", no date, D. Fraser s.n. [T: US-76301 

(fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis capillaris (L.) Nees. 



Agrostis tcrwissima Sprcng., Syst. Veg. 1: 258. 1825. T- Aira congener Schumach., Beskr. Gnin. PI. 46. 1827. T- 



Protol,: Ind. Occ. Amer. Austr., colL not idiculed. 

- Sporobolus indicus (L.) R. Br. 

Agrostis thyrsoides Bosc ex Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. 

Saint-Pctersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. \!ath., Secondc Pi. 
Nat. 6,4(1-2): 76. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Vilfafulvescens Trin. - 

- Sporobolus juiiceus (P. Beauv.) Kunth. 

Agrostis torreyana Schult., Mant. 2: 203. 1824. 
REPLACED NAME: Agrostis compressa Torr. 
BLOCKING NAME: Agrostis compressa Willd. 
= Muhlenbergia torreyana (Schult.) Ilitchc. 

Agrostis torreyi Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 226. 1833, 



Sci 
Sci 



Specirn.: 1 of 1. Ghana, Thonning s,n. [I IT: C]. 
NOTE: also in Dansk. Vid. Selsk. SkrivL 3: 66 (1828). 
= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kuntli. 

Aira panicca Willd. ex Stcud., Nomencl. Bot. 1 : 45. 1840. 

NOTE: nom. inval.. as syn. oi Leptochloa ftiiformis (Lam.) 

P. Bcauv. 

= Leptochloa panicea subsp. brachiata (Steud.) N. Snow. 

Aira purpurea V^^Wcx, IF Carol. 78. 1788. T-Protol.: USA: S. 

Carolina. T-Spccim.: I of I. USA [T: BM(not found)]. 
= TripIasis purpurea (Walter) Chapm. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



15 



Aira sabidonum Labill., Sert. Austro-Calcdon. 16, t. 21. 

1824. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. New Caldonia: Balade, 
Labillardiere s.n. [HT: Ft]. 
= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 



Aira sahuhmim vdiX.wuJlora Balansa, Bull. Soc. Bol. France 

19: 318. 1872. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. New Caldonia, 
Labillardiere s.n. [HT: FI]. 
= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 

Aira ienuissima {Marl, ex Schraiik) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 

276. 1825. ^'iXs\oi\y\\r. Paniciim temdssimum Mart, ex 

Schrank. 
= Sporobolus tenuissimus (Mart, ex Schrank) Kuntze. 

Aira triglumis Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 223. 1854. T- 

Protol.: USA: Texas, Vincenti 62. 
= Sporobolus junccus (P. Bcauv.) Kunth. 

Airopsis millegrana Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss, 

Gottingen 19: 252. 1874. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
Tucuman in nionle Cuesta de Berico, Lorcntz. T- 
Specini.: i of 1. Argentina: Tucuman: in monle Cuesta 



LVL ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1983), CorrcU, D. S. & M. C. 
Johnston (1970); Espejo Serna, A,, A, R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000), Soderstrom, T. 
R.& IFF. Decker (1965)' 

SYN.: Distichlis texana (Vasey) Scribn.,/^0(3 texana Vasey; 

Sieglingia wrightii Vasey. 

Alopccurus glomeratus (Willd.) Poir., EncycL 5: 495. 1817. 

Basionym: Polypogon glome rains Willd. 
= Muhlenbcrgia glomerata (Willd.) Trin. 

Ammophila brevipdis (Torr.) Bcnth. ex Vasey, Grass. U.S. 

29, 1883. Basionym: Arundo brevipdis Torr. 
= Ca]amovilfa brcvipilis(Torr.) Scribn. 

Ammophila curtissii Vasey, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 11: 7. 

1884. T-ProtoF; USA: Indian River, Florida , A.M. 
Curttss. T-Specim.: 1 of L USA: Florida: Brevard Co., 
Jul 1879, /<.//. Curtiss34l2 [HT: US-76420]. 
= Calamovilfa curtissii (Vasey) Scribn. 



de Berico, no date, P.G. Lorentz & G. Hieronymus 842 Andropogon ambiguus Michx., FI. Bor,-Amcr. 1: 58. 1803. 



[HT: ?; IT: BA-38791, US-76315 (fragm.)], 
= Lragrostis airoidcs Nees. 

^//t;/^i///cTO^ Elliott ex Raf, Bull. Bot. (Geneve) 1:221. 1830. 
NOTE: nom. supcrfl. pro Gymnopogon. 
= Gymnopogon P. Mcauv. 

Alloiadieros ambiguus Elliott ex Kunth, Enum. PI. \. 284. 

1833. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as sjn. o^ Gymnopogon racemosus P. 

Beauv. 
= Gymnopogon ambiguus (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Posztzenb. 

Alloiadieros ambiguus Elliott ex B.D. Jacks., Index Kcw. I: 

83. 1893. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Gymnopogon racemosus P. 

Beauv. 

= Gymnopogon ambiguus (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Alloiadieros aristatus Raf ex B.D. Jacks., Index Kew. 83. 

1893. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. oi Gymnopogon racemosus P. 

Beauv. 
= Gymnopogon ambiguus (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Po2"enb. 

Alloiadieros lepturoides (Nutt.) Steud., Nomcncl. Bot. 2: 55. 

1840. Basionym: Andwpogon lepturoides Null. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Gymnopogon racemosus P. 

Bcauv. 
- Gymnopogon ambiguus (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 



T-ProtoF: Hab. in sabulosis Carolinae. T-Specim.: 1 of 
1. USA: in sabulosis CaroVmat, Michaux s.n. [FIT; P; 
IT: P]. 

NOTE: ?is Andropogon "ambiguum". 

= Gymnopogon ambiguus (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Andropogon barbatus L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 2: 1305. 1759. 

T-Specim.: 1 of L Jamaica, P. BroMne s.n. [LT: 



LINN^1211.28, US-76445, US-2830895], 



LT 



Poggenb. 



All 



1965. TYPE: Allolepis texana (Vasey) Sodcrstr. & 
H.F. Decker. 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NUT: Monanthochloinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1. 

CNSLTD. LIT.: Soderstrom, T. R. & H. F. Decker, (1965). 

Aliolepis texana (Vasey) Soderstr. & IFF. Decker, Madrofto 



designated by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 
12(3): 126(1908). 
NOTE: zs Andropogon "barbatuM\ 

= Chloris data Desv. 

Andropogon barbatus L., Mant. PI. 302. 1771. T-ProtoF: 

Habitat in India orientali. T-Specim.: I of 1 . India [LT: 
LrNN-121L2l], LT designated (as holotype) by 
Judzicwicz in Gorts-van Rijn, FI. Guianas, Scr. A, 8: 

136(1990). 

NOTE: horn, illcg.; as Andropogon "barbafum"; SEE 

NOTES and see Taxon 25: 177 (1976) and Rhodora 
94: 135 (1992). Fosberg (Taxon 25:176-178.1976) 
does not consider this to be a new publication of a 
later horn, as does Anderson (Brigliam Young Univ. 
ScF Bull., Biol. Ser. 19(2):34 1974. Fosberg believes 
that L. was giving a n emended description of his^. 
barbatus L. 1759, and , therefore, that L. was not 
creating a later hom, in 1763. 

E. NAME: Andropogon barbatus L. 

= Chloris barbata Sw. 

Andropogon capensis Iloutt., Nat. Hist. 13: prelim. 6(name), 

579 (dcscr. as^. muticus), t. 93, f 3. 1782. T-Specim.: 
1 of 1 . South Africa: Cape, Houttyn s.n. [T: G]. 

NOTE: as "capense". 

= Eustachys paspaloides subsp. paspaloidcs. 

Andropogon curtipendulum (Michx.) Spreng. ex Steud., 

Nomcncl. Bot. 1: 90. 1840. Basionym: Chloris 

curtlpendula Michx. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Eutriana curtipendula Trin. 

= Boufeloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. 



18(2): 34. 1965. Basionym: Poa texana Vasey. 
DST.:Mexi, USA. 



16 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



Andropogon polydactylon L., Sp. PI. (ed. 2) 2: 1483. 1763. T- 

Protol.: Habitat in Jamaica, Brown jam. 364 [264?]. 
NOTI:: as ''polydactylon''', nom. illeg. superf!.; same type as 

A. barbatiish. (1759) [non 1771]. 
= Cliloris elata Dcsv, 

Andropogon pubescens Alton, Hort. Kew, 3: 423. 1789. 

NOTE: nom. nov., Dryander not author, see ICBN 46.6 ex. 

21. 
RiiPLACED NAME; Oiloris ciliata Sw. 
BLOCKING NAME: Andropogon ciliatum Tliunb. 

= Cliloris ciliata Sw. 

Anoplia?i\zwd., Syn. PI. Glnmac. 1: 210. 1854. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Leptochloa anopiia Necs, 
= Leptochloa P. Bcauv, 

Anopiia tncxicana Nees ex Steiid., Syn. PI. Cilnmac. 1: 210. 

1854. 
NOTE; nom. invai., as syn. ofLcptochloa anopiia Nees. 
= Ltptothloa anopiia Nees, 

Anihephora axilliflora Steud., Syn. PI. Glnmac. 1: 111. 1854, 

T-Protol.: USA; Texas. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA; 
Texas, 1835, Dmrnmond 359 [IT: US-A865418 
(fragm. ex herb. Dclesscrt)]. 
= Boutcloua dactyloides (Nutt.) Columbus, 

Anthephora helangeri Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: III. 1854. 

T-Protol.: Mexico , Belanger 1428. T-Specim.; I of 1. 
Mexico / USA, no date, C.P. Belanger 1428 [HT: ?; 
IT: US-A865423 (fragm. ex hb Delesserl)]. 
= Ililaria belanfi;en (Steud.) Nash. 

Anthipsimus Raf., J. Phys, Cliim. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 105. 

1819. TYPE: Atiiliipsimus gonopodus Raf 

- Miihlcnbcrgia Schreb. 

Anthipslmus gonopodus Raf, J. Phys. Chim. Mist. Nat. Arts 

89: 105. 1819. T-ProtoL: USA: Collincs seches de 
rOhio, Oct. 
= Muhlenbergia schreberi J.F. Gmel. 

Andiochtua colusana (Burtt Davy) Scribn., Bull. Div. 

Agroslol., U.S.D.A. 17: 221, f 517. 1899. Basionym; 
Stapfia colusana Burtt Davy. 

= Ncostapila colusana (Burtt Davy) Burtt Davy. 

y4fl//?cpogo^Nutl., Gen. N. Amer. PI. 1:81. 1818. 
NOTE: nom. illcg. supcrfl. 
= Gymnopogon P. Beauv. 

Aniliopogon brevifoliusNuXt ex Trjt)., Gram. Unill. Sesquifl. 

238. 1824. 

NOTE: nom. invaf, as syn. of Gynmopogon brevifolius 

Trin. 

= Gynin(»pogon brcvifolius Trin. 

AntJiopogon fdiforme Nutt., Trans. Amer. Philos. See, n.s., 

5: 152. 1835. T-ProtoI.: Arkansas Territory: in shrubby 
prairies near the banks of the Arkansas; I first detected 
this very distinct species in Sussex county, Delaware a 

few miles from Lewiston, Apr. 1818, Nuttall s.n. T- 
Specim.: I of 1. USA: Arkansas: near the banks of the 
Arkansas River, Nuttall s.n. [HT: BM; IT: PH]. 
= Gymnopogon brcvifolius Trin. 

Anthopogon Icpfuroides Uuil, Gen, N, Amer. PL 1: 82. 1818. 

T-Protol.: USA: Virgina: On the banks of the Potomac, 



near Harper's Ferr>\ Virginia and in the pine barrens of 
Carolina and Georgia, IJTBM; IT:PII. 
= Gymnopogon ambiguus (Michx.) Brilton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Antichha Steud,, Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 1: 108. 1840, 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Actinochloa. 
= Boutcloua Lag. 

Antitragus Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. PI. 2: 7. 1790. lyVE.Crypsis 

aculeata (L.) Aiton. 
NOTE: nom. superfl. pro Crypsis. 
= Crypsis Aiton. 

Anionclla Caro, Dominguezia 2: 18, f. lE-1. 1981. Pil^E: 

Antonella nicorae (Anton) Caro. 
= Tridcns Roem. & Schult. 

Antonella nicorae (Anton) Caro, Dominguezia 2: 18, f IE-1, 

1981. Basionym: Tridens nicorae A\^\ol^\, 
NOTE: without exact basionym page, 

= Tridens nicorae Anton. 



Apera tenuiflora (Willd.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 142, 

151. 1812. Basionym; Agrostis tenuiflora Willd. 
= Muhlenbcrgia tenuiflora (Willd.) Biitton, Stems & 

Poggenb. 

Aplocera Raf, Med. Fl. 2; 193. 1830. 
NOTE: nom. superll. pro Monocera Elliott. 
= Ctenium Panz. 

Aplocera maritima Raf, Med. Fl. 2: 193. 1830. T-Protol.: sin. 

loc. 
= Ctcnium aroniaticum (WaUcr) Alph. W^ood. 

Arcangelina Kuntzc, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 759. 1891. 
NOTE: nom. supcrfl. pro Kralikia. 
= Tripogon Roem. & Schult. 

Aristida adscensionis var. americana (L.) Kimtze, Re\'is. 

Gen. PL 33: 340. 1898, ^ixsionym: Aristida americana 
L. 
= Boutcloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

Aristida americana L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 879. 1759. T- 

Protol.: Jamaica. T-Specim.: 1 of L Jamaica, P. 
Browne s.n. [LT: LINN-98.2; IT: US-2947074 
(fragm.)], I.T designated by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. 
Natl. Herb. 12: 123 (1908), hut specific sheet not 
indicated; specific sheet indicated by Davtdse in 
Caflferty et al., Taxon 49(2): 247 (2000). 
- Boutcloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

Aristida antillarum Poir., EncycL 1: 451. 1810. T-Spccim.: 1 

of 2. Antilles, Richard[^l]. 2 of 2. Porto-Ricco,i^i:/n/ 
1ST]. 
= Boutcloua americana (L.) Scribn. 



Aristida chloris Salzm. ex D5I1, FL Bras. 2(3): 83. 1878. T- 

ProtoL: Brazil. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Gymnopogon foliusus (Willd.) Nees, 

Aristida geminata Willd. ex Steud.. Nomencl. Bot. 1: 131. 

1840. T-ProtoL: West Indies: St. Thomas. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn, of Gymnopogon foliosus 

(W^illd.) Nees. 

= Gymnopogon foliosus (Willd.) Nees. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



17 



Ahsdda secunda Riid. ex Roemer & Schultes, Syst. Veg. 2: 

711. 1817. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. oT Diucbra secunda (Pursh) 

Rocnicr & Schultes. 
= Boutcloua curtipendula (Miclix.) Torr. 

Aristida suhhijlora Steiid., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 138. 1854, T- 

Protol.: West Indies: Guadeloupe , Duchaissing. T- 
Specini.: 1 of 1. Guadeloupe, no date, E,P. de F. 
Duchassaing s.n. [T: IT: US-2830955 (fragm.)]. 
- Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

Aristidium (Endl.) Liudi., Veg. Kiiigd. (ed. 2) 116. 1847. 

Basionym: Eutriana sect. Aristidium Endl. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Arundinaria paraguayensis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 3(2): 

341. 1898. T-Protol.: Paraguay: Nordliches Paraguay: 
Puerto Esperanza, Kuntze 56 [HT: NY]. T-Specim.: 1 
of 1. Paraguay: norliches Paraguay: Puerto Espcranza, 
Sep 1892, C.E.O. Kuntze 56 [HT: NY; IT: US- 



2809010]. 



Paraguay 



page. 

= Gouinia paraguayensis (Kuntze) Parodi. 

Arundo brevipilis Jon., FL N. Middle United States 1: 95. 

1823. T-Protol.: USA: sandy swamps in the pine- 
barrens of New Jersey, near Quaker Bridge. T- 



= CaIamoviIfa longifolia (Hook.) Hack. c\ Scribn. 

Atherophora Steud., Nomcncl. Bot. (ed. 2) 1: 167. 1840. 

TYPE: Hymertothecium tcnellum (Cav. ex DC.) Lag. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Aegopogon Huinb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Atheropogon Muhl. ex Willd., Sp. PI. 4(2): 937. 1806 

("1805"). TYPE: Atheropogon apludioidcs Muhl. ex 

Willd. 

= Bouteloua Lag. 

Atheropogon acuminatiis E. Fourn., Mexic. Pt. 2: 139. 1886. 

T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Mexico: Mirador, Nov 194UF.M 
Liebmann 583 [ST: US-734843]. 2 of 3. 3 of 3. 
Mexico: Potrero dc Consquitia, Oct, Liebmann 584 
[ST]. 
= Bouteloua curtipendula var. cacspitosa Gould & 

Kapadia. 

Atheropogon affinis (Hook, f) E. Fourn., Mexic. Pi. 2: 14L 

1886. Basionym: Eutriana affmisWook. f. 
NOTE: incidental mention in Bcnth. & Hook, f. Gen. PI. 3: 

1169(1883). 
= Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula. 

Atheropogon americanus (L.) E. Fourn., Mexic. PL 2: 139. 

1886. Basionym: Aristida americana L. 
= Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. 



Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: New Jersey, mO, Anonymous Atheropogon americanus \^x.depauperata E. Fourn., Mexic. 



s.n. [T: IT: US-A865368 (fragm. ex herb. Torrey), US- 
78850 (fragm ex hcih. Torrey)]. 
= Calamovilfa brevipiIis(Torr.) Scribn. 

Arundo quitensis Sprcng., PI. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 6. 1815. T- 

Protol.: Habitat ad Quito, cites in syn : "Agrostis 
quitensis Humb., Willd. in lit". 
= Muhlcnbergia tenuifniia (Kunlli) Kunth. 

Arundo quitensis (Kunth) Poir., Encycl. 4: 704. 1816. 

Basionym: Calamagrostis quitensis Kunlh. 

NOTE: bom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Arundo quitensis Spreng. 

= Muhlcnbergia tenuifolia (Kunlh) Kunth. 

Arundo reynaudiana Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. 2: 275, t. 49. 

1830. T-Specim.: I of 1. \n\V.no\N\\. unknown s.n. [T: 

L]. 
= Neyraudia reynaudiana (Kunth) Keng ex Hitchc. 

Arundo tenella Sprcng., PI. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 6. 1815. T- 

Protol.: Habitat in nova Hispania, in syn. cites: 
''Agrostis tenella Willd. in lit.". T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico, Humboldt & Bonphmds.n. [HT: B-W]. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Arundo tenella Schrad. 

= Muhlcnbergia tenella (Kunth) Trin. 

Arundo tenuifolia (Kunth) Poir., Encycl. 4: 704. 1816. 

Basionym: Calamagrostis tenuifolia Kunth. 
- Muliknbcrgia tenuifolia (Kuntli) Kunlh. 

Arundo zollingerim^c.V\.]mg\\.l>\ 3^3. 1854. T-Specim.: 1 

of 2. Java, Zollinger 337 [ST: L]. 2 of 2. Java, 
Zollinger 380 [ST: L]. 
= Neyraudia reynaudiana (Kunth) Kcng ex Hitchc. 

Athernotus longifoHus (Hook.) Lunell, Amer. Midi. 

Naturalist 4: 218. 1915. Basionym: Calamagrostis 
longifolia Hook. 



PI. 2: 139. 1886. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. Karwitiski s.n. 

[ST: LE]. 2 of 2. Cuba, Wright 739 [ST: GH, GOET, 

P, US]. 
= Boutcloua repens (Kunth) Scribn. 

Atheropogon antillarwn (Poir.) Sprcng., Syst. Veg. 1: 294. 

1825. Basionym: Aristida antillarum Poir. 
= Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

Atheropogon apludioides Muhl. ex Willd., Sp. Pi. 4: 937. 

1806. T-Protol.: Habitat in America boreali. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. North America, Coll. Ukn. s.n, [HT: ?; 

IT: US-1535780 (fragm.)]- 
= Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula. 

Atheropogon aristidioides (Kunth) Rocm. & Schult., Syst. 

Veg. 2: 415. 1817. Basionym: Dinebra aristidoides 
Kunth. 
= Bouteloua aristidoides (Kunth) Griseb. 

Atheropogon bromoides (Kunth) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 

2: 415. 1817. Basionym: Dinebra bromoides Kunth. 
= Boutcloua radicosa (E. Fourn.) Griffitlis> 

Atheropogon chondrosiodes (Kunlh) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 

Veg. 2: 416. 1817. Basionym: Z)/>7fim chondrosioides 

Kunth. 
= Bouteloua chondrosioides (Kunth) Bcnth. ex S. Watson. 

Atheropogon curtipendulus (Michx.) E, Fourn., Mexic. 1*1. 2: 

138. 1886. Basionym: Chloris curtipendula Michx. 
^ Boutcloua curtipendula (Miclix.) Torr. 

Atheropogon distichus (Kunlh) Spreng., SysL Veg. 1: 294. 

1825. Basionym: Folyodon distichwn Kunth. 
= Bouteloua dislicha (Kunth) Bcnth. 

Atheropogon domingensis Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 293. 1825. 

T-ProtoK: West Indies: Hispaniola. 
= Bouteloua juncea (Desv. ex P, Beauv.) Hitchc. 



18 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



Atheropogon ftliformis E. Fourn,, Mexic. PI. 2: 140, 1886. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of 4. Mexico: Hacienda de la Naranja, 
Kanvinski 991b [LT: LEj. LT designated by ?; cited 
by McVaugh, Fl. Novo-Galic. 14: 91 (1983). 2 of 4. 
Mexico: Coiisoqiiitla, /Kwg, Liebmann 573 [ST: C]. 3 
of 4. Mexico, Liehmawi 5S5 [ST: C]. 4 of 4. Mexico, 
Liebmann 568 [ST: C]. 
= IJoutcloua rcpens(Runth) Scribn. 

Aiheropogon gracilis (Kunlli) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 293. 

1825 [1824]. nasionyiii: Chondrosum gracilc Kunlh. 
= Buuteloua gracilis (KiiiUh) Lag. ex Grift'ilhs. 

Atheropogon hirtiis (Kunlli) Spreng., Syst. Veg. I: 293. 1825. 

Basion) m; CbonJrosufn hirtum Kunlh. 
= liouteloiia hirsuta var. hirsuta. 

Atheropogon humilis (P. Bcauv. ex Kunth) Spreng., Syst. 

Veg. 1: 293. 1825. %^%\onym\ Chondrosum humUe P. 
Bcauv. ex Knnlh. 

= Bouteloua simplex I ag. 

Atheropogon Juncifolius (Desv.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 294. 

1825. Basionym: Ileterosteca juncifoUa Desv. 
= Buuteloua rcpcns(Kii]Uh) Scribn, 

Atheropogon medius E. Fourn., Mexic. PI, 2: 139. 1886, T- Axonopus poiretii Rocm. & Schuit., S)bL Veg. 2: 318. IS17. 



= Bouteloua repens (Kunth) Scribn. 

Atheropogon scorpiodes (Lag.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 293. 

1825. Basionym: Bouteloua scorpioides Lag. 
= Bouteloua scorpioides Lag. 

Atheropogon stoloniferE. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 140. 1886. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: La Parada, Sierra dc Oaxaca, 8500 ft, 
Apr, Liebwann 588. T-Specim.: I of 1. Mexico: La 
Parada, Sierra de Oaxaca, 1^42 JJebmann 588 [T: IT: 
IJS-A865362 (fragm.)]. 
= Bouli'loua reederorum Columbus. 

Atheropogon triaena Trin. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 293. 

1825. 
REPLACED NAME: Triaena racemosa Kunth. 
BLOCKING NAME: Atheropogon racemosus (Lag.) Roem. 

& SchulL 
= Bouteloua triaena (Trin, ex Sprung.) Scribn. 

Atropis carinata Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Gottingcn 

24: 291. 1879. T-Prolol.: Argentina: Jujuy [error for in 
salsis pr. el Volcan (Paraguay: Bal. pi. parag. 131. a.)], 
Balunsa. 
- Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 



Specim.: 1 of 2. Mexico: Hacienda del Lim6n, 
Karwinsky [ST]. 2 of 2. Mexico: between T. Miguel 
and Sadani, Oct, Liebmann 581 [LT: US-2307995 
(fragni.)], LT designated by Swallen, N. Amen Fl. 17: 
633 (1939). 
= Bouteloua media (E. Fourn.) Gould & Kapadia. 

Atheropogon otigostachyus Nult., Gen. N. Anicr. PI. 1: 78. 

1818. T-Spccim.: I of I. USA: plains of the upper 
Missouri, Nuttall sm. [f !T: BM; IT: PHJ. 
= Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Atheropogon papillosus Engelm., Amer. J. Sci. 46: 104. 

1843. T-Specim.: I of L USA: Illinois: Cass Co., 
\Ml,GeyersM. [IIT. MO]. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta. 

Atheropogon polymorphus E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 141. 

1886. T-Protol.: Mexico: San Luis de Potosi, Virlet 
1395. T-Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: San Luis Potosi, 
Virlet 1395 [T: IT: US-A86536I (fragm.)]. 
= Bouteloua polyinorplia (E. Fourn.) Columbus. 

Atheropogon procumbens (P. Durand) J. Jacq., EcL Gram. 

Rar. 2: 16, t. 12. 1813. B?i?\ox\ym\Chloris procumbois 
P. Durand. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Atheropogon racemosus (Lag.) Roem. & Schuit , Syst. Veg. 

2: 414. 1817. Basionym: Bouteloua racemosa Lag. 

= Bouteloua curtipendula var. caespitosa Gould & 

Kapadia. 

Atheropogon radicosus E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 140. 1886. T- 

Spccim.: I of 1. Mexico; near Mexico City, 8 Jim 
1865-18 Jun 1 866, A/. Bourgeau 450 [LT; P; 1ST: BR, 
LE, US-81791, US-87200 (fragm. ex P), US-883896 
(fragm)], LT designated by ?; cited by McVaugh, Fl. 
Novo-Galic. 14:92(1983). 
= Bouteloua radicosa (E. Fourn.) Griffiths. 

Atheropogon repens (Kunth) Rocm. & Schuit., Syst. Veg. 2: 

416. 1817. Basionym: Dinebra repens Kunth. 



REPLACED NAME: Agrostis compressa Poir. 
BLOCKING NAME; Agrostis compressa Willd. 
= Sporobolus junceus (P. Bcauv.) Kunth. 

Baldomiria Hcrter, Revista Sudamer. Bot. 6(5-6): 145. 1940. 

TYPE: Baldomiria chloridiformis (Hack, ex Stuck ) 
Herter. 

= Leptochloa P. Beauv. 

Baldonuria chloridiformis (Hack, ex Stuck.) Herter, Revista 

Sudamcr. Bot. 6(5-6): 145, f 10. 1940. Basionym: 
Diplachne chlondiformis Hack, ex Stuck. 
= Leptochloa chloridiformis (Hack, ex Stuck.) Parodi. 

Bauchea E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 87. 1886. 'W'V'E.Bauchea 

karwinskyi E. Founi. 
= Sporobolus R. Br. 

Bauchea karwinskyi \L. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 87. 1886. T- 

Spccim.; 1 of 2. Mexico, no dale, W.F. Karwinski von 
Karwin 1015 [1ST: US-998324 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. 
Mexico: Tanquecillas, Kar\i\ 1015b [ST], 

NOTE: Fourn, ex Hemsl. Biol. Cenlr. Amer Bot. 3: 550. 

1885, nom. nud. 
= Spoi'obolus wrightii Munro ex Scribn. 



Bealia Scnbn., True Grasses 104, f. 45a. 1890. TYPE: 

Bealia mexicana Scribn. 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Muhlenbergiinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: L 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Peterson, P. M., (1989); Peterson, P. M., 

M. R. Duvall 8l A. H. Christenscn, (1993). 

Bealia mexicana Scribn., True Grasses 103, L 45a. 1890. T- 

Protol.; Mexico: Chihuahua, Prhigle 819. T-Speciin.: 1 
of I. Mexico: Chihuahua: near Chihuahua, Ihin soil of 

drj' porphyry mts., 7 Oct 1886,C.G. Pringle 819 [LT: 
US-995611; ILT: LE, MO, NME, NY, UC, US- 
967198, US-723648, US-820886. US-1645965, US- 
90613, VT, WIS], LT dcsigniUed by Hitchcock, Contr. 
U.S. Natl. Herb. 17(3): 294 (1913); redesignated l)y 
Peterson (without sheet no.), Madrofio 36; 262 (1989). 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II, 



19 



NOTE: name dcfinilely accepted by Scrlbner (although only Ulephariclachiie bigclovii (S. Watson) Hack., Monogr. Phan. 



prt)visiunally by llackel himself) and validated by 
itluslr. (ICBN 44.1) and diagnosis. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. & Y. Jlcrrera A. 

(1995); Pdcrson, P. M. (1989); Peterson, P. M. 

(2000), 
SYN.: Bealia mcxlcana Scribn. ex Beal; Epicampes 

mexicana (Scribn.) M.E. ioncs;Muhlefibergia biloba 

Hitchc. 

Bealia mexicana Scribn, ex Beal, Grass. N. Anier. 2: 267. 

1896. 
NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Bealia mexicana Scribn. 
= Bealia mexicana Scribn. 

Bealia speciosa (Vasey) BcaL Grass. N. Amer. 2: 268. 1896. 

Basionym: Muhlenbergla speciosa Vasey. 
= iMuhlcnbergia speciosa Vasey. 

Bennetia Raf., Bull. Bot. (Geneve) 1: 220. 1830. TYPE: 

Agrostis jimcea Michx.; horn, illcg. Ileleochloa 

juncea P. Beaiiv. 
NOTE: later horn., non Gray 1821. 
= Sporoholus R. Br. 

Bennetia juncea Raf. ex B.D. Jacks., Index Kevv. 1: 291. 

1893. 
NOTE: nom. inval, as syn. oT Sporobolus jitnceus (Michx.) 

Kunth. 
= Sporobolus junceus (P. Beauv.) Kunth. 

Biatherium Desv., Mem. Soc. Agric. Angers 1: 172, t. 8» f 2, 

1831. TYPE: Biatherium foliosa (Willd.) Desv. 
NOTE: also in Opusc. Sci, Phys. Nat. 72 [reprint] 1831- 

1833. 
= Gymnopogon P. Beauv. 



6: 261. 1889. Basionym: Eremochloe bigelovii S. 
Watson. 

DST.: Mcxi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle. A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Corrcll, D. S. & M, C. 
Johnston (1970); Espcjo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951). 

SYN.: Eremochloe bigclovii S. Watson; Eremochloe 

(hurberi S. Watson. 

BIt'pharidachne hitchcockti Lahitte, Pliysis (Buenos Aires) 

15: 305. 1939. T-Protol.: Argentina: La Rioja: cerca 

del Pozo de Avila, 31 Mar 1901, .4. Giacomelli [llrb. 
Ministerio de Agricuhura 1638] [IIT: hrb. Ministerio 
de Agricultura]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Argentina: La 
Rioja: cerca del Pozo de Avila, 31 Mar 1901, /4. 
Giacomelli 1638 [HT: BAB; IT: BAF, US-3168447 
(fragni.)]. 
DST.: Arge. 

LVL ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. 

Riigolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. 

Cialdena(I994), 

Blepharidaclinc kingii(S. Watson) Hack., Monogr. Phati. 6: 

261. 1889. Basionym: Eremochloe kingii S. Watson. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Crunquibt, A., 

A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal 

(1977); Hickman, J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1951); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. 

A. (1974). 
SYN.: Eremochloe kingii S, Watson. 



Biatherium foliosa (Willd.) Desv., Mem. Soc. Agric. Angers BlcpharonCUrOIl Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 



1: 176, t. 8, f. 2. 1831. Basionym: C/z/om /o//o>ya 

Willd. 

NOTE: also in Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 72, t. 5, f. 2 [reprint] 

1831-1833. 
= Gymnopogon foliosus (Willd.) Nees. 



Blepharidachne Hack., Nat. Pflan/cnfam. 2(2): 68. 

1887. 
REPLACED NAME: Eremochloe S. Watson. 
BLOCKING NAME: Ercmochloa Buse. 
TRTD. BY: Valdcs-Reyna, J. & P. M. Peterson. 
NHT: Cynodontcae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 4. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Hunziker, A. T. & A. M. Anton, (1979). 

SYN.: Eremochloe S. Walson. 

Blepharidachne benthamiana (Hack, ex Kuntze) Hitchc, 

Bull. Div. Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 772: 78. 1920. 



Basionym: Munroa bcuthamiana Hack, ex Kuntze. 
DST.: Arge. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY /uloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. 

Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. 

Cialdella(1994). 
SYN.: Munroa benthamiana Hack, ex Kuntze. 



88. 1898. lYPE: Blepharonciiron tricholepis (Torr.) 

Nash. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P.M. 
NHT: Muhlenbergiinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP: 2. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Peterson, P. M. and C R. Annablc, (1990). 

Blepharoneuron shcphcrdii (Vasey) P.M. Peterson & 

Amiable, Syst. Bot. 15(4): 519. 1990. Basionym: 
Sporobolus shepherdii Vasey. 

DST,: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); Peterson, P. M. 
& C R. Annable (1990), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

SYN.: Muhlenbergia shepherdii (Vasey) Suallen; 

Sporobolus shepherdii Vasey. 

Blepharoneuron tricholepis (Torr.) Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. 

Club 25(2): 88. 1898. Basionym: Vilfa tricholepis 
Torr. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977), Beetle. A. A. (1987); Correll, D. S. & M. C 
Johnston (1970), Cronquist, A., A. 11. Holmgren, N. 
H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); Espcjo Scrna, 
A., A. R. Lopez- Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock, A. S. 



20 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; 11. 



(195 1), McVaugh. R. (1983), Peterson, P. M. & C. R. 
Annabte (1990); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Sporobolus irichotcpis (Torr.) J.M. Coiilt.; Vilfa 

tricholepis Torr. 

Boriskcllcra Terecliov, Del. Sem. Ilort. Reg, Bot. Ivujb\sliev 

13. 1938. TYPE: Boriskcllera arundimcea (L.) 
Terecliov. 
= Eragrostis Wolf. 

Bo/c?/ii^ Lag., Varied. CL 2(4): 134. 1805. 
NOTE: orlh. var. 
= Boufeloua Lag. 

Botelua amchcana (L.) Scribn., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 1891: 306. 1891. Basionym: ^mr^W^ 

amcricana L. 

NOTE: nom. inval. ortli. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Bouteloua americatia (L.) Scribn. 

= BoiMeloua aniericaiia (L.) Sciibii. 



Bouteloua Lag., varied, Ci. 2(4,21): 134. 1805. TYPE: 

Boutehita racemosa Lag. 
NOTE: orth. cons.; originally as "Botelua"; emend. Lag., 

Gen. Sp. Nov. 5(1816). 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. & Y. Ilerrera-Arrieta. 

NUT: Boutelouinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.:54 SUBSP:16. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Gould, F. W., (1979); Griffiths, D., (1912): 

Columbus, J. T., M. S> Kinney, R. Pant & M E. 
SiqueirosDclgado, (1998). 

SYN.: Acthiochloa Willd. ex Roem. & ^<:\\\\\\.\ Antlchloa 

Stcud,; Arisfidium (Endl.) L'mdl/, Atheropogon Muhl. 
X Willd., Botelua Lag,; Bouteloua Ilornem. ex P. 
Beauv.; Buchloe Engelm.; Buchlomimus Reeder, C. 
Reeder & Rred.; Bulbilis Raf. ex Kuntze; Calanthera 
Hook.; Cathestecum J. Presl; Chondroshim Desv.; 
Choiidrosum Desv.; Cyclostachya Reeder & C. 
Rcedcr; Erucaria Cerv.; Eutriana sect. Ahstidiuni 

Endl.; Eutrknia sect. Thplathera Endl.; Eutriana 
Trin.; Founikra Scribn.; Grifftthsochloa G.J. Pierce; 
llctcrostcca Desv. ; Lasiostega Bcnth . ; Ne^iilera 
Stcud.; Opizia J. Presl; Pentarrhaphis Kunth; 
Plciodon Rchb.; Polyodon Kunth; Polyschistis J. 
Presl; Pringlcochloa Scribn.; Soderstromla C.V. 
Morton; Strombodurus Steud.; Triaena Kunth; 
Triafhcra Desv.; Triplafhcra (Endl.) Lindl. 

Bouteloua Horncm. ex P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 40. 1812. 
NOTE: later horn., non Lagasca 1805. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Bouteloua acuminata (E. Fourn.) GrifTiths, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb, 14(3): 406, f. 55. 1912. Ba^]onym: A thcropogon 
acuminatus E. Fourn. 
NOTE: missapplied to Palmer 1655 which is B. reflexa 

Swallen. 
= Bouteloua curtipendula var. caespitosa Gould & 

Kapadia. 

Bouteloua alamosaiia Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(4): 

115. 1 89 1 . T-ProtoL: Mexico: on rocky ridges, 
Alamos, 10 - 30 Sep, £. Palmer 698. T-Spccim.: 1 of 
L Mexico: Sonora: Alamos, 16-30 Sep 1890, E. 
Palmer 698 [IIT: US-8I717; IT: NY, TAES, US- 
89471, US-883372]. 

DST.: CoRi, ElSa, Gnat, Hond, Mcxi, Nica. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beelle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Berendsohn, W. G. & A. E. Araniva de 
Gonzalez (1991); Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Davidse, 
G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chater (editores generales) 
(1994); Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980), Molina 
R., A. (1975), Pohl, R. W. (1980); Pohl, R. W. 
(1994); Reyes-Garcfa, A. & M. Sousa S. (1997). 

SYN.: Bouteloua longiseta Gould. 

Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 1891: 306. 1891. Basionym: ^ra//J^ 
americana L. 

DST.: Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, Guya, 

I lend, Mexi, Nica, Pana, USA, Venc. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C. D. (1972); Anonymous 

(1986); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Berendsohn, W. G. & 
A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); Breedlove, D. E. 
(1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chater 
(editores generales) (1994), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Filgueiras, T. S. (1999), Gould, F. W (1979), Gould, 
F. W. (1980), Hitchcock, A. S. (1909), Hitchcock, A. 
S. (1936), Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) 
(1999); Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); Liogier, II. & L. 
Martorell (1982); Molina R., A. (1975); Pohi, R. W. 
(1980);Pohl, R. W. (1994). 

SYN.: Arisfida adsccnsionis var. americana (L.) Kuntze; 

Aristida americana L.; Aristida aniillarum Poir.; 
Arisiida subbiflora St^ud.] Atheropogon americanus 
(L.) E. Fourn.; Atheropogon antillarum (Poir.) 
Spreng.; Botelua americana (L.) Scribn.; Bouteloua 
americana (L.) Ilitchc.; Bouteloua americana (L.) 
Pilg.; Bouteloua elatior Griseb.; Bouteloua 
humboldtiana Griseb.; Bouteloua litigiosa Lag.; 
Bouteloua porpliyranlha C. Wright; Chaetaria 

antillarum (Poir.) P. Beauv. ex Room. & Schult.; 
Dincbra americana (L.) P. Bcauv.; Eutriana 
antillarum (Poir.) Stcud.; Ileterostega americana (L.) 
Desv,; Triathera americana (L.) Desv. 

Bouteloua americana (L.) Hitchc, Annual Rep. Missouri 

I^ot Card, 1893: 148. 1893. Basionym: Aristida 
americana L. 
NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

= Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

Bouteloua americana (L.) Pilg., Symb. Antill. 5: 288. 1907. 

Basionym: Aristida americana L. 
NOTE: isonvm. 
E. NAME; Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

- Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

Bouteloua annua Swallen, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 25(9): 414. 

1935. T-ProtoL: Mexico: Baja California Sur: 4 mi E 
of San Ignacio, 6 Mar 1935. Shreve 7032 [HT: US- 
1611715]. T-Specim.; 1 of L Mexico: Baja California 
Sur: 4 mi E of San Ignacio, 6 Mar 1935, F. Shreve 
7032 [HT: US-161 1715; IT: GH, US-1614953]. 
DST,: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beelle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W, & R. Moran 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II, 



21 



(1981); Gould, F. W. (1980); Shreve, R & I. L, 

Wiggins (1964). 

Boiiteloua arenosa Vasey, U.S.D.A. Div. Bot. Bull. 12(1): t. 

34. 1890. T-Protol.: Mexico: loose sandy soil, at 
Guaymas on the Gulf of California, Palmer 189. T- 
Spccim.: I of 1. Mexico: Sonora: Guayamas, 1887,£. 

Palmer 189 [HT.m-^nif^l 
NOTE: Vasey in S. Wats.; Proc. Amer. Acad. 24: 81. 1889, 

nom. nud. 
= Bouteloua barbala var. barbata. 

Bouteloua aristidoides (Kunth) Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 537. 

1864. Basionyni; Dincbra arisiidoidcs Kunth. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cari, Ecua, Mcxi, Para, Peru, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Anonymous 

(1986); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); 
Bor, N. L. (1960); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 
Correl], D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); Espejo 
Serna, A,» A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Va!des-Reyna 
(2000); Foster. R. C. (1958), Gould, F. W, & R. 
Moran (1981); Gould, F. W. (1980); Hitchcock. A. S. 
(1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Jorgensen, P. M. & 
S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) (1999); Lindeman, J. C. & A. 
L. Stoffers (1963), McVaugh, R. (1983), Munz, P. A. 



Cronquist, A,, A. H. Holmgren, N. H, Holmgren & J. 
L. Reveal (1977), Esparza Sandoval, S. Si Y. Herrera 
Arrieta (1996); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & 
R. Moran (1981); Gould, F. W. (1980); Great Plains 
Flora Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. S, (1951); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck 
(1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); Shreve, F. & I. L. 
Wiggins (1964). 
SYN.: Actinochloa barbata (Lag.) Roem. & Schult.; 

Bouteloua barbata var. barbata; Bouteloua 
micrantha Scribn. & Men/, Bouteloua mlcrostachya 
(E. Fourn.) L.ll. Dewey; Bouteloua polysfachya 
(Benth.) Torn; Bouteloua polysfachya var. 



polystachya\ 



Bouteloua 



pumila 



Buckley; 



Chondrosium polystachyimi Benth.; Chondrosium 
subscorpioides Mlill. Hal,; Chondrosum barbatum 
(Lag.) Clayton; Chondrosum exile E. Fourn.; 
Chondrosum microstachyum E. ¥owxn.\Chondrosum 
polystachyimi Benth.; Chondrosum subscorpioides 
Mull. Hal.; Eutriana barbata (Lag.) Kunth. 

Bouteloua barbata var. arenosa (Vasey) Beetle, Phytologia 

54(1): 1. 1983. X^^isXonym: Bouteloua arenosa V^S(ty. 
= Bouteloua barbata var. barbata. 



& D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. A. (1974), Renvoize, Bouteloua barbata Lag. var. barbata. 



S. A. (1998); Shrcve, F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964); 
Tovar, 6. (1993); Zuloaga, F. O, E. G. Nicora, Z. E. 
Riigolo de Agrasar, 0, Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. 
Cialdella(1994). 
SYN.: Aiheropogon aristidiokles (Kunth) Rocm. & Schult.; 

Bouteloua ciliata Griseb.; Bouteloua gracilis Vasey; 
Dineba hirsuta J. ?res\; Dinebra aristidoides Kunth; 
Dinebra hirsuta J. Presl; Eutriana aristidoides 
(Kunth) Trin., Eutriana hirsuta (J. Prcsl) Kunth; 

Triathera aristidoides (Kunth) Nash. 

Bouteloua aristidoides (Kunth) Griseb. var. aristidoides. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTU. BY: Gould, F. W. (1980); HickmaiiJ. C. 

(1993). 

Bouteloua aristidoides var. arizonica M.E, Jones, Contr. W. 

BoL 14: 13. 1912. TM^otol.: USA: Arizona: Tucson, 
Thornber 177 LHT: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of L USA: 
Arizona, no date, y. 7. Thornber 177 [IIT. ?; IT: US- 
3168446 (fragm.)J. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. 
(1980), Hitchcock, A. S. (1951). 

Bouteloua aschenborniana Griseb, ex E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 



syn. of Chondrosium 



2: 137. 1886. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as 

aschenbornianun; Nees. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta. 

Bouteloua barbata Lag., Varied. Ci. 2(4): 141. 1805. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Philippinis Insulis [error for Mexico], 
Nee [HT: MA; IT: US-A865567 (fragm. ex MA & 

photo)]- 

DST.: Arge, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 



DST.: Arge, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1987); Esparza 

Sandoval, S. & Y. Herrera Arrieta (1996), Gould, F. 

W. & R. Moran (1981), Gould, F. W. (1980); 

Hickman, J. C (1993). 

SYN.: Actinochloa barbata (Lag.) Roem. & Schult; 

Bouteloua arenosa Vasey; Bouteloua barbata var. 
arenosa (Vasey) \iccX\Q\ Bouteloua micrantha Scribn. 
& Mcrr.; Bouteloua microstachya (E. Fourn.) L.H. 
Dewey; Bouteloua polystachya (Benth.) Torr.; 
Bouteloua pumda Buckley; Chondrosium 
polystachyum Benth.; Chondrosium subscorpioides 
Mull. Hal.; Chondrosum exile E. Fourn.; 
Chondrosum microstachyum E. Fourn.;Chondrosum 
polystachyum Benth.; Chondrosum subscorpioides 
MiJll. Hal.; Erucaria tetrastachya Cerv.; Eutriana 
barbata (Lag.) Kunth. 

Bouteloua barbata var. major (Vasey) Govacfts. World 

Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1-2): 13. 1996. Basionym: 
Bouteloua polystachya var. major Vasey. 

NOTE: validated here. 

= Bouteloua barbata var. rotlirockii (Vasey) Gould. 

Bouteloua barbata var. rothrockii (Vasey) Gould, Ann. 

Missouri Bot. Gard. 66(3): 403. 1979 [1980]. 
Basionym: Bouteloua rothrockii Vasey. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous ( 1 086); Esparza 

Sandoval, S. & Y. Herrera Arrieta (1996); Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Gould, F, 
W. (1980). 

SYN.: Bouteloua barbata var. major (Vasey) Govaerts; 

Bouteloua polystachya \2ir. major Vasey, Bouteloua 

rothrockii Vasey. 



22 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Bouteloua barbata var. soHorae {Giiffitlis) Gould, Ann. 

Missouri Bot. Card. 66: 403. 1979[1980]. Basionym: 
Bouteloua sonorae Griffillis. 
DST.: Mcxi. 
LVL.ACCPTC: !. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Esparza Sandoval, S. & Y. Herrcra 

Arricta (1996); Hspcjo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. 
(1980). 
SYN.: Bouteloua sonorae Griffillis. 

Bouteloua brachyantliera Phil., Verz. Anlofagasta Pfl. 85. 

189L T-ProtoL: Chile: Tarapaca: paritcr ad Calcalhuay 
lecta, F, Philippl sm. T-Specim.: 1 of L Chile: 
Tarapaca, F. Philippl sjt [IT: US-A0865572 
(fragm.)]. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Bouteloua bracteata (McVaugh) Columbus, Aliso 18(1): 63. 

1999. Basionym: Opizia bracteata McVaugh> 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 

SYN.: Opizia bracteata McVaugh. 

Bouteloua brasiliemis Eknian, Aik. Bot. 10(17): 29, t. 4, f. 4, 

t. 6, f. 15. 191 1. T-Protol.: Br^izil: Matto Grosso: locis 
glareosis ad marginnuni silvulac, in fructicctis, 23 Apr 
1903, CO. Malmc 3106 [Exp. II RegnJ [IIT: S; IT: 
US]. T-Specini.: I of 1. Brazil: Male Grosso, 23 Apr 
1903, G.OJ. Malmc 3106 [HT: S; IT: US-702282, 
US-2765856 (fragm.)]. 
= Bouteloua curtipeutlula (Michx.) Torr. 

Bouteloua brevifolia Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 14: 93. 1862. T-ProtoL: USA: 
norlhwestcrn Texas. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: Texas, 
May-Oct 1849, C.ll Wright 748 [LT: PII; ILT: US- 
81715], LT designated by Gould, Ann. Missouri Bot. 
Card- 66: 397 (1979), bt the only the specific 
herbarium of a isolectotype designated. 2 of 2. USA: 
Texas, Fertdler 950 [ST: PII, US], 
= Bouteloua criopoda (Torr.) Torr. 



Bouteloua brcviseta Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(2); 58. 

1890. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: Presidio Co., [C.G. 
Nealley 669], T-Specim.: 1 of I. USA: Texas: Presidio 
Co.: Screw Bean, 1889, Neatly 669 [HT: US'80198 
(fragm. ex F)], Reeder & Reeder, Syst. Bot. 5: 318 
(1980) point out that Presidio of Vasey County 
actually is tlic modern Reeves Co. 
DST.: Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beede, A. A. 

(1987); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Fspejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980); Hitchcock, A, S. 
(195 1), Reeder, J. R. & C. G. Reeder (1980). 
SYN.: Chondroswn brevisetum (Vasey) Clayton. 

Bouteloua bromoides Lag., Gen. Sp. PI. 5. 1-816. T-Protol.: 

Habitat in Acapuico in N, Hispania. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Guerrero, Coll Vkn^ S.N. [IIT: MA-181580; 
IT: US-A865568 (fragm.)]. 

= Bouteloua repens(Kunth) Scribn. 

Bouteloua broutoides Lag. var. bromoides. 



~ Bouteloua repeHs(Kunlh) Scribn. 

Bouteloua bromoides var. radicosa (E. Fourn.) Vasey ex L.H. 

Dewey, Conlr. U.S. Natl. Herb, 2(3): 533. 1894. 
Basionym: Atheropogon radicosus E. Fourn. 
= Bouteloua radicosa (E. Fourn.) Griffiths. 

Bouteloua burkii Scribn. ex S. Watson, Proc. Amcr. Acad. 

Arts 18: 179. 1883. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Berlaudier 167 
[ST: GH?]. 2 of 3. USA: Texas: Laredo, Berlandier 
1427 [ST: GH; 1ST; K, LE-TRIN-2130.01, P, US- 
A865684 (1 ex P; 2 ex W), US-204622, US-1084518 
(ex BM), US-883356, W]. 3 of 3. USA: West Texas, 
Upper Concho, sandy plains, Apr l^'&l^Curtiss [North 
American Plants[ 3440 [=Reverchon[ [ST: GH?; 1ST; 

US'820915,US-883346]. 
NOTE: as Bouteloua Burkei, to be treated as an 

orthographic variant as Burk [not Burke] is the 

correct spelling. 
= Bouteloua trifida Thurb. 

Bouteloua burkii Scribn., Bull. Torrey Bol. Club 11:5. 1884. 

T-Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: western Texas and New 
Mexico, Berlandier 1427 [ST: US-883356, US- 
204622; 1ST: GH, K, LE-TRIN-2130.01, P, US- 
883356, US-1084518 (ex BM), US-a865684 (1 ex P; 2 

ex W), W]. 2 of 2. USA: Texas: Laredo, Mrs, Anna B. 

Nickles (Comm. Mr. Isaac Burk) [ST], Possibly 

destroyed when Scribner's herbarium burned, fide. 

Griffiths (1912). not found at US by Griffiths or by 

RJS 1999. 
NOTE: nom. superfl. illeg.; as Bouteloua Burkii. 
= Bouteloua trifida Thnrb. 

Bouteloua ehasei Swallen, Proc. Biol. Soc, Wash. 56: 81. 

1943. T-ProtoL: Mexico: Nuevo Leon: Galeana, Mesa, 
5400 tt, 30 Jul 1939, Chase 7673 1/2 [HT: US- 
1763078]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Nuevo Leon; 
GaleanaMun., 30Jul 1939, K.//. Chase 7673-1/2 [llT: 
US-1763078]. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980). 
SYN.: Chondrosum ehasei (Swallen) Clayton. 

Bouteloua chihuahuana (M C. Johns!.) Columbus, Aliso 

14(3): 227. 1996. Y^?i^\onym\ Bouteloua rigidisefa var. 
chihuahuana M.C Johnst. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Columbus, J. T. (1996); Espejo 

Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000). 
SYN.; Bouteloua rigldiseta \dx. chihuahuana M.C Johnst. 

Bouteloua chondrosioides (Kunth) Benth. ex S. Watson, 

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18; 179. 1883. Basionym: 
Dinebra chondrosioides Kunth. 
DST.: CoRi, ElSa, Guat, Hond, Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Berendsohn, W. G. & 
A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); Breedlove, D. E. 
(1986); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chaler (edilores 
generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



23 



Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000J; Gould, F. W. 
(1980); Ililchcock, A. S. (1951); McClure, F. A. 
(1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. (1975); 
Pohl, R. W. (1980); Pofi!, R. W. (1994); Shreve, F. & 
I. L.Wiggins (1964). 
SYN : Actinochloa ovata (Lag.) Roem. & Schult.; 

Atheropogon chondrosiodes (Kunlh) Roem. & 
Scluilt,; Bouteloua havardii Vasey ex S. Watson; 
Bouteloua ovata Lag.; Chondrosum humboldtianum 
Kuntli; D'mebra chondrosioides KuJith; Eutriana 
cristata Tiin. 

Buuieloua ciliata Griscb., Abli. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen 

24: 302. 1879. T-Protol.; Argentina: S. ad f1. 
Juramento, Lorentz & Hieronymiis 352. T-Specim.: 1 
of 1. Argentina: Salta: Juramento, /'.G. Lorentz (^ G. 
llierouymus 352 [HT: GOET; IT: US-A865569 
(fragm.)], CS\Ex griseb. herb. 
= Bouteloua aristidoiiles(Kunth) Griseb. 

Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr., Not. Milit. Reconn. 

153. 1848. Basionym. Cliloris curtipendula M\d\x, 
NOTE: prov. name, basionym not cited. 
= Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. 

Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr., Explor. Red River 

Louisiana 300. 1853. Basionym: CA/om curtipendula 

Michx. 

NOTE: also Emory Not. Mil. Reconn. 154. 1848. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cana, Colo, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, 

Hond, Mcxi, Nica, Peru, USA, Urug. 
LVL.ACCPTC.: 1; cultivated. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Ahrams, L. (1923); Allen, C. M., C. 

S. Reid & C. R Doffitt (1999); Anderson, D. E. 

(1974); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Bercndsohn, W. G. & 

A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991), Bor, N. L. (1960); 

Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); Burkart, A. 

(1969); Corrcll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 

Cronqiiist, A., A. H. Hohngren, N. H. Holmgren & J. 

L. Reveal (1977); Darke, R. (1999); Davidse, G., M. 

Sousa S. & A. O. Chatcr (editores generales) (1994), 

Fcrnald, M. (1950); Foster, R. C. (1958); Gleason, H. 

A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Gould. F. W. (1980); 

Great Plains Flora Association (1986); Hickman, J. 

C. (1993), Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1951); Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ovvnbey 

& J. W. Thompson (1969); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. 

Leon-Yancz (cds.) (1999); McClure, F. A. (1955); 

McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. (1975); Munz, P. 

A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); Pohl, 

R. W. (1994), Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahlcs & C. R. 

Bell (1968); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Reyes-Garcia, 

A. & M. Sousa S. (1997); Rosengurtt, B., B. R. 

Arrillaga dc Maffci & P. Izagiiirre de Artucio (1970); 

Saravia. E. F. (1996); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 [1979]); 

Siireve, F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964); Small, J. K. 

(1933); Tovar, 6. (1993); Voss, E. G. (1972); 

WundcrIin,R. P. (1998). 
SYN.: Andropogon curtipeudulum (Michx.) Sprcng. ex 

Steud.; Aristida secunda Rud. ex Roemer & Schultes; 

Atheropogon affmis (Hook, f) E. Fourn.; 

ex Willd.; 
E. Fourn.; 



Fourn.; Atheropogon 



Atheropogon apludioides Muhl. 
Atheropogon curtipendulus (Michx.) 
Atheropogon nicdius E. 
racemosus (Lag.) Roem. & Scliult; Bouteloua 
brasilicnsis Ekman; Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) 
Torr; Bouteloua curtipendula v^r.ari.stosa A. Gray; 



Bouteloua curtipendula y^r.curtipcfidula; Bouteloua 
meliciformis Hornem. ex Roem. & Schult.; 

Bouteloua melicoides?. Beauv.; Bouteloua raccmosa 
Lag.; Bouteloua racemosa \m.aristosa (A. Gray) S. 
Watson & J.M. Coult.; Chloris curtipendula Michx.; 
Chloris secundum (Pursh) Eaton; Cynodon 
curtipendula (Michx.) Raspail; Cynodon melicoides 
(P. Beauv.) Raspail; Cynosurus secundum Pursh; 
Dinebra curtipendula (Michx.) P. X^tzdM\:, Dinebra 
melicoides P. Beauv.; Dinebra secunda (Pursh) 
Roem. & ^z\\\x\i.\ Eutriana affinisWook. f; Eutriana 



curtipendula 



(Michx,) 



Trin.; 



IJeterostega 



curtipendula Schwein. ex Hook, f 



Bouteloua curtipendula \?Lr.aristosa A. Gray, Manual (ed. 2) 

553. 1856. 
REPLACED NAME: Eutriana affmis Hook, f 
= Bo?iteIoua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. 



Bouteloua curtipendula var. 



1 47 



pitosa Gould & Kapadia, 



Brittonia 16(2): 203, f. 43. 1964. T-Protol.: USA: 
Arizona: Cochise Co.: 3 mi E of Bisbce at ca. 1725 m, 
Gould 10021 [HT: TAES; IT: ARIZ, DS, GH, NY, 
TEX, UC, US]. T-Spccim.: I of 1. USA: Arizona: 
Cochise Co.: 3 mi E of Bisbee at ca. 1725 m, 10 Aug 
1962, FW. Gould 1002 1 [HT: TAES; IT: ARIZ,. DS, 
GH, NY, TEX, UC, US-2473990]. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Ecua, Guat, Mexi, Nica, Peru, USA, 

Urug, Vene. 

LVL.ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Brako, L. & J. L. 
Zarucchi (1993); Burkart, A. (1969); Corrcll, D. S. & 
M. C. Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. H. 
Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores 
generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould. F. W. Si 
R. Moran (1981); Gould. F. W. (1969), Gould, F. W. 
(1980); McVaugh, R. (1983); Pohl, R. W. (1994); 
Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 
Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdclla 

(1994). 
SYN.: Atheropogon acuminatus E. Fourn.; Atheropogon 

racemosus (Lag.) Roem. & Schult.; Bouteloua 
acuminata (E. Fourn.) Griffiths; Bouteloua pendula 
hort. ex Lag.; Bouteloua racemosa Lag. 

Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. var. curtipendula, 
DST.: Cana, Mexi, USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPID. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Correil, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 

Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. 

L. Reveal (1977); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pcz- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Gleason, II. A. 

& A. Cronquist (1991); Gould, F. W. (1980); 

McVaugh, R. (1983). 
SYN.: Andropogon curtipendulum (Michx.) Spreng. ex 

Slcud.; Atheropogon affinis (Hook, f) E. Fourn.; 
Atheropogon apludioides Muhl. ex Willd.; 
Atheropogon curtipendulus (Michx.) E. Fourn.; 
Bouteloua curtipendula var. aristosa A. Gray; 
Bouteloua racemosa var. aristosa (A. Gray) S. 
Watson & J.M. Coult.; Chloris curtipendula Michx.; 
Cynodon curtipendula (Michx.) Raspail; Cy/7fAsz/rw^ 
secundus Pursh; Dinebra curtipendula (Michx.) P. 



24 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



Rijauv.; Dinebra secunda (Pursh) Roem. & SchulL; 
Euiriana affinis Hook, f; Eutriana curtipendula 
(Michx.) Trin.; Heterostega curtipendula Schwcin. 
ex Hook, f.; Melica curtipendula Michx. ex Stcud. 

Boutcloua curtipendula var. tenuis Gould & Kapadia, 

Brittonia 16(2): 201, f. 42. 1964. T-Protol.: Mexico: 

Zacatecas: 10 mi NW of Sombrcrcte (68 mi SF of 

Durango), 30 Oct \959, Gould 9000 [HT: TAILS; IT: 

TEX, UC, US]. T^Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Zacatecas, 

30 Oct 1959, F. W. Gould 9000c [HT: TAES; IT: TEX, 

UC, US-2551354]. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987), Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980); 

McVaugh, R. (1983). 

Boutcloua (lactyloiclcs (Nutt.) Columbus, Aliso 18(1): 63. 

1999. Basionym: Sesleria dact}'loides'Nuii. 
DST.:Cana, Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Scnia, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 



(1936); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) 
(1999), Lawcsson, L E., H. Adsersen & P. Bcntley 
(1987); Macbride, J. F. (1936); McClure, F. A. 
(1955); McVaugh, R. (1983), Molina R., A. (!975); 
Pohl, R. W. (1980); Pohl, R. W. (1994); Porter, D. 
M. (1983); Recdcr, J. R. & C. G. Reeder (1971); 
Tovar, 6. (1993); Wiggins, 1. L. & D. M. Porter 
(1971). 

SYN.: Atheropogon distichus (Kunth) Sprcng.] Boutcloua 

pilosa (Hook, f.) Benth. ex S. Watson; Boutcloua 

piurcnsis Pilg.; Eutriana gracilis Hook. f. ; Eutriana 
mucronata F. Aresch.; Eutriana pilosa Hook, f; 
Eutriana polyodon Trin.; Leptochloa hirta Nees ex 
Steud.; Polyodon disticbuni Kuntli. 

Bouteloua diversispicula Columbus, Aliso 18(1); 63. 1999. 
REPLACED NAME: Cathestecum brcvifolium Swallen. 
BLOCKING NAME: Bouteloua brcvifolia Buckley. 
DST.: ElSa, Guat, Hond, Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 

SYN.: Cathestecum brevi/olium Swallen; Cathestecum 

brevifolium var. brcvijolnnn. 



SYN.: Anthephora axlllijlora Steud.; Bouteloua mutica Bouteloua elflta Reeder & C Reeder, Brillonia 15(3): 215, f. 



Griseb. ex E. Fourn.; Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) 
Engeltn,, Bulbllis dactyloides (Null.) Raf. ex Kunl/e; 

Calanthera dactyloides (Nutt.) Kunlli ex Hook.; 
Casiostcga dactyloides (Null) E. Fourn.; Casiostega 
bookeri Rupr. ex E. Fourn.; Lasiostega humilis Rupr. 

ex Munro; Melica mexicana Link ex E. Fourn.; 

Seslcria dactyloides Nutt. 

HiUiteloua dirnorpha CoHimbuSj Aliso 18(1): 63. 1999. 
REPLACED NAME: Opizia stolonifera J. Presl. 
BLOCKING NAME: Bouteloua stolonifera Scribn. 
DST.:Cari, Hond, Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A„ A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 
SYN.: Opizia stolonifera J. Presl. 

Bouteloua distans Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29(9): 

401. 1950. T-Protol.: Mexico: ca. 170 km N of Oaxaca 
City: 13 Dec 1945, J.^. Jenkins A E. Hernandez X- 
808 [1!T: US-1961989]. T-Specim,; 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Oaxaca, 13 Dec 1945, £. Hemandez-Xolocotzi & J.A. 
JenkuisX-SOS [HT: US-1961989; IT: CIIAPA, US]. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980). 

Bouteloua disticha (Kunlh) Benth., J. Linn, Soc,, But. 19: 

105. 1881. Basionym: Polyodon distichwn Kunth. 

DST.: Arge, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, Hond, 

Mexi, Nica, Pana, Peru, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Bcrendsohn, W. G. & A. E. Arauiva de 

Gonzalez (1991); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 

Catasus Gucrra, L. (1997), Davidsc, G., M. Sousa S. 

& A. 0. Chatcr (cditores generales) (1994); Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Gmild, F. W. (1980); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1909); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. S. 



1-2. 1963. T-Protol.: Mexico: Colima: growing in 
large clumps on a rocky slope, common, 425 m, ca. 13 
mi SW of Ciudad Colima. 19 Sep 1963, J. li. Reeder 
* C. G. Reeder 2365 [HT: RM; IT: GH, US]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Colima: ca. 13 mi SW of 

Ciudad Colima, 19 Sep 1953,//?. Reeder & C.G. 
Reeder 2356 [Hf: RM; IT: GH, lJS-2382028], 

Collection date 1963 in protologue. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Espejo Serna, A., A. 

R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Gould, F. W. (1980); McVaugh, R. (1983). 
SYN.: Chondrosum elatum (Recdcr & C Reeder) Clayton. 

Bouteloua elatiorGnsch., Fl. Brit. W. I. 537. 1864. TT^rotol.: 

Habitat Antigua, at Grace bay , S. Johns, 
Wullschlaegcl s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Leeward Islands: 
Antigua and Barbuda: Antigua I., Wullschlaegcl 660 
[ST: GOET; 1ST- US-A865570 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. 
Leeward Islands: Antigua, WuUschlaegel 619 [ST: 
GOET; 1ST: US (fragm.)]. 
= Bouteloua am 



a (L.) Scribn. 



Boutcloua eludens Griffiths, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 14(3): 

401, t. 78-80A. 1912. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona: on 

soutliern exposures upon the northern slope of the 

Santa Rita Mts., 17 Sep 1904, Griffiths 7269 [HT: 

US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Arizona: Santa Rita 

Mountains, 17 Sep 1904, D. Griffiths 7269 [HT: US- 

81714; IT: GH],CS. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1987); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rc}na (2000); 

Gould, F. W. (1980); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 

Reeder, J. R. & C G. Reeder (1990); Shreve, F. & L 

L Wiggins (1964). 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



25 



Boiitcl(*ua erecta (Vasey & Hack.) Columbus, Aliso 18(1): Bouteloua gracilis (Kuntli) Lag. ex Slcud., Nomencl Dot. 



63. 1999. Basionym: Cathestecum erectwn Vasey & 
Mack. 
DST.: ElSa, Guat. Ilond. Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Vatdes-Reyna (2000). 

SYN.: Cathestecum crectum Vasey & Hack. 



Lag 



ex 



(ed. 2) 1: 219. 1840. Bdsiowy m'.Chondrosum gracile 
Kunth. 
NOTE: comb, not made by Stcud. 

CORKLCT NAME: Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) 

Griffiths. 
= Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Bouteloua gracilis Vasey, Rep. U.S, Geogr. Surv., Wheeler 

6: 287. 1878. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona: Riley^s Well, 
1874, Rothrock 701 [HT: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: Arizona, Riley's Well, 1 874, Wheeler's 
Expedition, Dr. J.R. Rothrock 701 [I IT; US-879645]. 

NOTE: nom. rej. prop. 1479; cites "Hook." ex Vasey. 

= Bouteloua aristidoidcs (Kunth) Griseb, 

Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths, Contr. U.S. 

Natl. Herb. 14: 375. 1912, Basionym: Chondrosum 
gracile Kunth. 
NO IE: nom. cons. prop. 1479, by Gandhi et al., Taxon 

50(2): 573-175 (2001). 
E. NAME: Bouteloua gracilis Vasey. 
DST.: Arge, Cana, Mexl, USA. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Darke, R. (1999); Hickman, J. C. 



(1993). 



SYN 



ex Rocm. & 



Bouteloua eriopoda (Torr.) Torr., Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4(5): 

155. 1857, Basionym: Chondrosum eriopodum Torr. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Bailey, L. H. & 

E. Z. Bailey (1976); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A 

A. (1987); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970) 

Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J 

L. Reveal (1977); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez 

Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & 

R. Moran (1981); Gould, F. W. (1980); Great Plains 

Flora Association (1986); Hickman, L C. (1993); 

Hitchcock. A. S. (1951); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck 

(1959); Miinz, P. A. (1974); Shrcve, F. & I. L. 

Wiggins (1964). 
SYN.: Bouteloua brevifolia Buckley; Chondrosium 

eriopodum Torr.; Chondrosum eriopodum Torr. 

Bouteloua eriopoda var. eriostachya Swallcn, Proc. Biol. 

Soc. Wash. 56: 81. 1943. T-Protol.: Mexico: Coahuila: 
vicinity of Aguajc de Pajarilo, canyon at west end of 
Sierra de la Fragua, 2-3 km N of Puerto Colorado, 
frequent on rocky flats. 1-3 Sep 194L/. M. Johnston 
8718 [HT: US-154692; IT: GH, LL]. T-Specim.: 1 of 
L Mexico: Coahuila: cerca de Aguajc de Pajarito, 1-3 
Sep 1941, IM Johnston 8718 [HT: US-154692; IT: 
GH, LL,US-2209363]. 
= Bouteloua eriostachya (Swallen) Reeder. 

Bouteloua eriostachya (Swallcn) Reeder, Bull. Torrey Bot. 

Club 94: 7. 1967. Basionym: fio/^/^/owa eriopoda var. 
eriostachya Swallen. 
DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Stcud. var. gracilis. 



Schult.; Atheropogon gracilis (Kunth) Spreng.; 
Atheropogon oUgostachyus "Nuitr, Bouteloua gracilis 
(Kunth) Lag. ex Steud.; Bouteloua gracilis fo.pallida 
(Scribn. ex Beal) B. Bo\\\n\ Bouteloua gracilis var. 
gracilis; Bouteloua gracilis var. major (Vasey ex 
L.H. Dewey) Beetle; Bouteloua gracilis var. sfricta 
(Vasey) Hitchc; Bouteloua major Vasey, Bouteloua 
oligostachya (Nutt.) Torr. ex A. Gray; Bouteloua 
oligostachya var. major Vasey ex L.H. Dewey; 
Bouteloua oligostachya \dcc. pallida Scribn. ex Bcal: 
Bouteloua stricta Vasey; Chondrosium gracile 
Kunth; Chondrosum gracile Kunth; Chondrosum 
gracile var. gracile; Chondrosum gracile var. 
polystachyum Nees; Chondrosum oligostachyum 
(Nutt) Torr,; Eutriana gracilis (Kunth) Trin.; 
Eutriana oligostachya (Nutt.) Kunth. 



(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980). 
SYN.: Bouteloua eriopoda var. eriostachya Swallcn; 

Chondrosum eriostachyum (Swallen) Clayton. 

Bouteloua filiformis (E. Fourn.) GriffiUis, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 14(3): 413, t. 82A, 83. 1912. Basionym: 
Atheropogon filiformis E. Foum. 
= Bouteloua repcns (Kunth) Scribn. 

Bouteloua foenea (Torr.) Torr. ex S. Watson, Cat. PI. 18. 

1874. Basionym: Chondrosum foeneum Torr. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta. 

Bouteloua gentryi Gou\d, Lean. W. Bot 5(12): 199. 1949. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Sinaloa: \m3\:x. Gentry 5000 
[IT: ARIZ]. 
NOTE: as "Gentryi". 

= Bouteloua parryi var. gentryi (Gould) Gould. 

Bouteloua glandulosa (Cerv.) Swallen, N. Amer. Fl. 17(8): 

621. 1939. Basionym: Erucaria glandulosa Cerv. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta var. glandulosa (Cerv.) Gould. 



= Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Bouteloua gracilis v^lt, major (Vasey ex L.H. Dewey) Beetle, 

Phytologia 52(1): 11. 1982. Basionym: Bouteloua 
oligostachya var. major Vasey ex L.H. Dewey. 
= Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Bouteloua gracilis fo.pallida (Scribn, ex Bcal) B. Boivin, 

Naturaliste Canad. 94(4): 521. 1967. Basionym: 
Bouteloua oligostachya var. pallida Scribn. ex Bcal. 
= Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Bouteloua gracilis var. stricta (Vasey) Hitchc, J. Wash. 

Acad. Sci. 23(10): 454. 1933. B^s\onym: Bouteloua 

stricta Vasey. 
= Bouteloua gracilis (Kunlh) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Bouteloua havardii Vasey ex S, Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. 

Arts 18: 179. 1883. T-Protol.: USA: Limpio Mts., 

Western Texas, 1849, V. Havard s.n. [HT: US; IT: 

GHJ. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. USA: Texas, 1881, F. Ilavard 

53 [HT: US-81723],CS. 
= Bouteloua chondrosioides (Kunth) Benth. ex S. Watson. 



26 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



Boiiteloua heterostega (Tiiii.) GrilTiths, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 14(3): 414, f. 59. 1912. Basionym: Eulriuna 
heterostega Triii. 
= Boutcluua rL'pciis(KuiUli) Scribii. 

Boutcloiia hifsuta Lag., Varied. Ci. 2(4): 141. 1805. T- 

Protol.: LMA]. T-Specim,: 1 of 1. Cult. Madrid Dot. 
Gard. from seed collected in Mexico by L. Nee, 
Lagasca s.n. [LT: MA-245716; ILT: BM (possible ex 
herb, Roemcr), M-7433 LE-TRIN-2 125.6 (fragm. ex 
M and drawings)], LT designated by Griffiths, Contr. 
U.S. Natl, Herb. 14: 372 (1912); also cited by Gould, 
Ann Missouri But. Gard. 66: ??? (1980), 
DST.; Caiia, Guat, Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Allen, C. M., C. 

S. Rcid & C. H. DofTitt (1999), Bailey, L. 11. & E. Z. 
Bailey (1976); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 
(1987), Brccdiovc, D. E. (1986); Correil, D. S. & M. 
C. Johnston (1970); Cowan, C. P. (1983); Cronquist, 
A., A. II. Holmgren, N. II. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal 



DST.: Cana, Mexi, USA. 
LVl.. ACCPTC: 1. 

L 

ALSO ACCPTa BY: Beetle, A. A. (1987), Gould, F. W. & 

R. Moran (1981); Gould, F. W. (1980). 

SYN.: Actinochloa hirsiita (Lag.) Roem. & Schult.; 

A/heropogon hirtus (Kunth) Spreiig.; Atheropogon 
papillosus Fiigelm.; Boutehua aschenborniaua 
Griseb. ex E. Fourn., Boutehua foenea (Torr.) Torr. 
ex S. Walson; Boiiteloua hirsuta subsp. hirsuia\ 
Bouleloua hinuta var. minor Vasey; Boutehua 
hirsuta \-dr, palnieri Vasey ex Deal; Boutehua hirta 
(Kunth) Scribn.; Bouteloua hirta vdv. minor Vasey ex 
L.H. Dewey; Boutehua pappihsa (Engclm.) Torr.; 
Chondrosium hirsutum (Lag.) Sweet; Chondrosium 
hirtum Kunth; Chondrosum aschenbornianum Nees; 
Chondrosum drunvnondii E. Fourn., Chondrosum 
foeneum Torr.; Chondrosum hirsutum (Lag.) Sweet; 
Chondrosum hirsutum var, hirsutum; Chondrosum 

hirtum Kunlli; Chondrosum papiUosum (Pngelm.) 
Torr. 



(1977); Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. L6pcz-Fcrrari, and J. Boutehua hirsuta var. m//ior Vasey, U.S.D.A. Div. Bel. Bull. 

12(1): t. 39, f, 2. 1890- T-Protol.: [USA: Texas], 
[Reverchon 1153J, dravsn. 

NOTE: nom. seminud. 

= Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 

Boutehua hirsuta vdt. palmeri Vasey ex Real, Grass. N. 

Amer. 2: 417. 1896. T-Protol.: cult.: seed collected in 
Mexico, Pahner s,n. T-Specim.: 1 of L Mexico; 
cultivated from seed collected in Mexico, 1886, 
Pahner s.n. [HT: US]. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 

Bouteloua hirsuta subsp. pcctinata (Feath.) Wipff & S.D. 

Jones, Sida 17(1): 109. 1996. Ihxs'ionym- Boutehua 
pectinata Feath. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Wipff, J. K. & S. D. Jones (1996). 

SYN.: Boutehua hirsuta var. pectinata (Feath.) Cory; 

Boutehua hirta var. major (Vasey) Vasey ex L.H. 
Dewey; Boutehua pectinata Feath.; Chondrosum 
pectinatum (Feath.) Clayton. 

Boutehua hirsuta var. pectinata (Feath.) Cory, Rhodora 

38(455): 405. 1936. B-.\s\Qr\ym: Boutehua pectinata 

Feath. 



Valdes-Reyna (2000); Fernald, M. (1950); Glcason, 
H. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, M. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1991); Gould, F. W & R. Moran (1981); 
Gould, F. W. (1980); Grcal Plains Flora Association 
(1986), Hitchcock. A. S. (1951); Long, R. W. & O. 
Lakela (1971); McVaugh, R. (1983); Munz, P. A. & 
D. D. Keck (1959); Shreve, F. & L L. Wiggins 
(1964); Small, J. K. (1933); Vcldkamp, J. F. (2001); 
Wnnderlin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.; Actinochha hirsuta (Lag.) Roem. & Schult.; 

Aiheropogon hirtus (Kunth) Spreng.; Atheropogon 
papilhsus Engelm.; Boutehua aschenborniana 
Griseb. ex E. Fourn.; Boutehua foe nea (Torr.) Torr. 
ex S. Watson; Boutehua hirsuta var. minor Vasey; 
Boutehua hirsuta var. palmeri Vasey ex Seal ; 
Boutehua hirta (Kunlli) Sciibn.; Bouteloua hirta 
hort. ex Lag.; Bouteloua hirta Scribn, ex Vasey; 
Boutehua hirta var. minor Vasey ex L.H. Dcuey; 
Boutehua pahner i Vasey; Chondrosium hirsutum 
(Lag.) Sweet; Chondrosum aschenbornianum Nccs; 
Chondrosum drummondii E. Fourn.; Chondrosum 
foeneum Torr.; Chondrosum hirsutum (Lag.) Sweet; 
Chondrosum hirtum Kunih, Chondrosum papilhsum 
(Engchn.) Torr.; Eutriana hirta (Kunth) Trin. 

Bouteloua hirsuta var. glanJulosa (Ccrv.) Gould, J. Arnold 

Arbor. 60(2): 320. 1979. Basionym: Erucaria 
ghndulosa Cerv. 

DST.:Guat. Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986). Espcjo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs^Rcyjia (2000); 

Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Gould, F. W. 

(1980). 

SYN.: Boutehua ghnduhsa (Cerv.) Swallen; Boutehua 

hirticubnis Scribn.; Chondrosum hirsutum var. 
ghnduhsum (Cerv.) R.W. Pohl; Erucaria glanduhsa 
Cerv.; Erucaria hirsuta Cerv. 

Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. subsp. hirsuta. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta. 

Bouteloua hirsuta Lag, subsp hirsuta. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: WipfT. J. K. & S. D. Jones (1996). 

Bouteloua hirsuta Lag, var. hirsuta. 



= Bouteloua hirsuta subsp. pectinata (Feath.) Wipff & 

S.D. Jones. 

Boutehua htrta hori. ex Lag., Varied. Ci. 2(4): 141. 1805. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Boutehua hirsuta Lag. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 



Boutehua hirta Scribn. ex Vasey, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 

xxii: 531. 1887. 
NOTE; from Index Kewensis; apparently invalid or 

illegitimate. 
= Boiiteloua hirsuta Lag. 

Boutehua hirta (Kunth) Scribn., Coiilr. U.S. Nat! Herb. 2(3): 

531. 1894. Basionym: Chondrosum hirtum Kunth. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta. 

Boutehua hirta var. major (Vasey) Vasey ex L.H. Dewey, 

Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 2(3): 531. 1894. Basionym: 
Boutehua hirsuta var. major Vasey. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



27 



= Bouteloua hirsuta subsp, pcctinata (Feath.) WiplT & 

S.D, Jones. 

BoiUeloua hirta var. minor Vascy ex L.H. De\\cy, Contr. 

U.S. Natl. Herb. 2(3): 531. 1894. T-ProloL: USA: 
Central Texas. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas: central 

Texas [T]. 
= Boutolona hirsuta Lag. 

Botiteloua hirticulmis Scnhn., Circ. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 

30: 4. 1901. T-Protol.: Mexico: Sierra de San 
Francisquilo Mts,, Lower [Baja] California, 29 Sep 
1899, 2 syntypes. T-Specini.: 1 of 2. Mexico: Baja 
Califurnia Sur: Sierra de San Franciso, 29 Sep 1899, 
T.S. BranJegee II [LT: 1ST: US-81722], LT 

designated by ?; cited (as type) by McVaugh, PL 
Novo-Galic. 14: 89 (1983). 2 of 2. Mexico: Lower 
California, Sierra de San Francisquito Mounttains, 

October 18, 1890, Brandegee 30 [ST: UC]. 
- Boutcloua hirsuta var. glandulosa (Cerv.) Gould. 

Botiteloua Intmbokltiami Griseb., Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, 

n.s., 8:532. 1862. 
RLPLACED NAME: lleterostecajimcifoUa Desv. 
BLOCKING NAME: Boutelouajimcifolia Lag. 
= Boutcloua rept'iis(Kunth) Scribn. 

Bouteloua humilis (P. Beauv. ex Kunth) Hieron., Bol. Acad. 

Nac. CI. 4: 495. 1882. Qnsionym: Chondrosum humile 
P. Beauv. ex Kunlli. 
= Boutcloua simplex Lag. 

Boutcloua johnstonii Swallen, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 56: 

79. 1943. T-Protol.: Mexico: Coahuila: S end of 
Canada Osciiro near Tanqtie La Luz: 27 Sep 1942, 
Johnston 8491 [HT: NA-154624; IT: GH]. T-Specim.: 
1 of 1. Mexico: Coahuila: S de Canada Oscuro, near 
Tanque La Luz, Johnston S49I [HT: NA; IT: GH, US- 
1817790]. 

DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980). 

Boutcloua jiincca (Desv. ex P. Beauv.) Hitchc., Contr. U.S. 

Natl, Herb. 17(3): 343. 1913. Basionym: Triathera 
juncea Desv. ex P. Beauv. 
DST.iCari, USA. 

LVL ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Catasus Guerra, L. (1997); Gould, F. W. 

(1980); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Liogier, H. & L. 

Martorell(1982). 
SYN.: Atheropogon domUigensis Sprer\g.\ Eutriana j'uncca 

(Desv. ex P. Beauv.) lx\r\.\Eiitnana ledebourii Tr'm.; 

Triaena juncea (Desv. ex P, Beauv.) Griffiths; 

Triathera juncea Desv. ex P. Beauv. 

Bouteloua juncifolia Lag., Gen. Sp. PL 5. 1816. T-Protol.: 

Habit, in Iniperio Mex. 
SYN.: Actinochloa juncifoUa (Lag.) Roem. & Schult.; 

Euiriana lagascae Kunth. 
= Status not yet determined. 

Boutcloua karwinskii (E. Fourn.) Griffiths. Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 14(3): 394, f. 47, t. 76. 1912. Basionym: 
Chondrosum karwinskii E. Foum. 



DST.: Mexi. 



LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Gould, F, W. (1980). 

SYN.: Chondrosium karwinskii E. Fourn.; Chondrosum 

karwinskii E. Fourn. 

Boutcloua kayi Warnoek, Field & Lab. 23(1): 15-16, f. s.n. 

1955. T-Protol. : USA: Texas: southern Brewster Co.: 
intrcqueiU perennial in limestone crevices on lower 
portion of Maravillas Creek, Overton Ranch, elev. 
2200 ft, 4 Aug 1954,1. Kay s.n, [HT: Sul Ross State 
College; IT: SMU]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas: 
Brewster Co.: near Rio Grande River, in limestone, 4 
Aug 1954,A^^;A^-; [HT: SRSC; IT: SMU, TEX]. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Correll, D. S. & 

M. C Johnston (1970); Gould, F. W. (1980). 

SYN.: Chondrosum kayi (Warnoek) Clayton. 

Bouteloua latifolia Swallen, N. Amer. FL 17(8): 63], 1939. 

T-ProtoL: Mexico: on hills near Yautepec, Morelos, 
1200malL,22Oct \9Q2,Pnngle //2/7 [US-460593]. 
T'Specim.: 1 of I. Mexico: Morelos, 22 Oct 1902, 
C.G. Pringle 1I2I7 [HT: US-460593; IT: CM, GH, 

MO, TAES]. 
= Boutcloua media (E. Fourn.) Gould & Kapadia. 

Bouteloua litigiosa Lag., Gen. Sp. PI. 5. 1816. T-Protol.: 

[West Indies]: "Ilab in Jamaica.", Swart, s.n. 
NO'fE: nom. illeg. supcrfL 
CORRECT NAME: Aristida americana L. 
= Boutcloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

Bouteloua longiseta Gould, Brittonia 21: 271. 1969. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: Chiapas: 9 km SW of Cintalapa, 8 
Oct 1968, Gould 12759 [HT: TAES, IT: GH, TEX]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: Chiapas, 8 Oct 1968, F.fF. 
Gould 12759 [HT: TAES; IT: GH, TEX, US- 
2551471]. 
= Boutcloua alamosana Vasey. 

Bouteloua lophostachya Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. 

Gottingen 24: 302. 1879. T-Protol.: Argenlina: in 
confmio Prov. Salta, synt)pes?. T-Specim.: 1 of L 
Argentina: Tucuman, G. Hieronyjuus 971 [HT: 
GOET(fragm., US-A865560)], CS\Ex griscb. herb. 
= Ncoboutcloua lophostachya (Griseb.) Gould. 

Bouteloua major Vasey, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 14: 9. 1887. 

T-Protol.: plant grown from <^eed collected in Mexico 
by Palmer, Palmer s.n.. Name only, for a plant grown 
from seed collected in Mexico by Palmer. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

= Boutcloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Gritllihs. 

Bouteloua media (E. Fourn.) Gould & Kapadia, Brittonia 

16(2): 196, f. 35. 1964. Basionym: Atheropogon 
fuedius E. Fourn. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, llond, Mexi, 

Nica, Pana, Para, Peru, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 
Breedlove, D. E. (1986), Davidse. G., M. Sousa S. & 
A. 0. Chater (editores generales) (1994); Espejo 
Scrna, A., A. R. Lopcz-Fcrrari, and J, Valdcs-Rcyna 



28 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



(2000), Gould, F. W. (1980), Jorgciiscn, P. M. & S. 
Le6n-Yaiicz (cds.) (1999); McVaugh, R. (1983); 
Pohl, R. W. (1980); Pohl, R. W. (1994); Reyes- 
Garcia, A. & M. Sousa S. (1997); Zuloaga. F. O., E. 
G. Nicora, Z. E. Ri'igolo de Agrasar, O. Morronc, J. 
Pensiero & A, M. Cialdclla (1994). 
SYN.: Athcropogon mcdiiis E. Foum.; Boiilcloua 

hrasillensis Ekman; Bouteloua latifolia Swallen; 

Bouteloua pringleiScnhn. 
Boutiioiia megapotamica (Spreng.) Kiintze, Revis. Gen. PI. 



3(2): 



34K 



1898, 



Basionym: Pappophontm 



mcgapotamintm Spreng. 



NOTE: Index of Grass Species 3(3): 341. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Brii/. Unig. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Buikart, A. (1969); Fabris, H. A. 

(1970); Fosla, R. C. (1958); Gould, F. W. (1980); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Nicora, E. G., M. E. De 
Paula, A. M, Faggi, M del C. Mariano, A. M. Mimite 
A., L. R. Parodi, C. A. Pctctin, F. A. Roig & Z, 
Rugolo dc Agrasar (1978); Rcnvoizc, S. A. (1998); 
Rosengurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga dc Mallei & P. 
l/aguirre de Artucio (1970); Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. 
Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo dc Agrasar, O. Morronc, J. 
Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 

SYN.: Bouteloua muJtiseta (Nees) Griseb.; Bouteloua 

multlseta var. pallida Hack.; Eutricma multiseta 
Nccs; Pappophontm eiitrianoidcs Trln. ex Nees; 
Pappophorum megapotamicum Spreng, 

Bouteloua mdiciformis Horncm. ex Roem. & Scliult., Syst. 

Veg.2:414. 1817. 
NOTE: nom, inval., as syn. of Allieropogon apludioidcs 

MuhL 
= Bouteloua curtipcndula (Michx.) Torr. 

Bouteloua melicoidesV. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 40, 155, t. 9, 

f 6. 1812. 
NOTE: based on "Boutel. niclicoidcs Horn.", evidently an 

error for the invalidly published name: Bouteloua 
inclicaefomiis. 
= Bouteloua curtipcndula (Michx.) Torr. 

Bouteloua mcxicana (Scribn.) Columbus, Aliso 18(1): 63. 

1999. Basionym: Fourniera mexicana Scribn. 
DST.:ElSa,Guat, Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000). 

SYN.: Founiicra mexicana Scribn., Sodcrstromia mcxicana 

(Scribn.) C.V. Morton. 

Bouteloua micrantha Scribn. & Mcrr., Circ, Div. Agrostol. 

U,S.D.A, 32: 8. 1901. T-Proto!.: Collected at Fort 
Lowell, Arizona. Sep 1900, A Griffiths 1556. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Arizona: Pima Co.: Fort 
Lowell, Sep 1900, D. Griffiths 1556 [IIT: US-81724J. 
= Bouteloua barbata Lag. 

Bouteloua wicrostachya (E. Fourn.) L.H. Dewey, Contr. U.S. 

Natl. Herb. 2(3): 531. 1894. B?is\o\\y\w\ Chondrosum 
microstachywn E, Fourn. 
= Bouteloua barbata Lag. 

Bouteloua multindum (Grifllths) Columbus, Aliso 18(1): 

63. 1999. Basion>m: Cathestecum midtifidum 
GrifFtths. 



DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000). 
SYN.: Cathestecum multifidum Griffiths; Griffiihsochloa 

multifida (Griffiths) G.J. Pierce. 

Bouteloua multiseta (Nees) Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. 

Gottingen 19: 303. 1879. Basionym: Eutriaua 
multiseta Nees. 
= Bouteloua megapotamica (Spreng.) Kuntze. 

Bouteloua multiseta var. pallida Hack.. Anales Mus. Nac. 

Buenos Aires 13: 491. 1906. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
Altos del cementcrio de San Geronimo de Cordoba, 
Stuckcrt hb. 5268 [T: lib. Arg.]. T-Specim.: I of I. 
Altos del cemetario. San Geronimo de Cordoba, 

Argentina, 1898, Stuckert herb arg 5268 [IT: US- 
72695 (fragm. ex W)]. 

= Bouteloua megapotamica (Spreng.) Kuntze. 

Bouteloua mutica Griseb. ex E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. 

Belgiquc 15: 47L 1876. T-Protol.: U<:\\co,Schaffner 
134, [staminate plant]. Griseb. in sched (planta 
mascula). T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, JC. Schaffner 
;J7[OM:US-30481I7]. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Buchloe dactyloides (Nutt.) 

Engelm. 
= Bouteloua dactyloides (Nutt.) Columbus. 

Bouteloua nana Griseb., Abb. Konigl. Gcs. Wiss. Gottingen 

24: 303. 1879. T-Proto!.: Argentina: C6rdoba und 
Santiago del Estcro, pr. Gauzapampa, Hicronymus 

721. T-Spccim.: 1 of L Argentina: Cordoba/ Santiago 
del Estcro: Gnazapampa, G. Hicronymus 72! [IIT: 
GOET; IT: US-A865561 (fragm. ex GOET)]. 
= Ncobouteloua lophostachya (Griseb ) Gould. 

Bouteloua nervala Swallen, N. Amer. Fl 17(8); 626. 1939. 

T-Prolol.; Mexico: on rocky hill, Pachuca, Hidalgo, 
8000 ft alt.. 6-7 Sep 1910, dry mesas and rocky hills, 
Hitchcock 6734 [HT: US-88393I]. T^Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Hidalgo, 6 Sep 1910-7 Sep 1910, AS. 
Hitchcock 6^34 [HT: US-883931]. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 

SYN.: Buchlomimus nervatus (Swallen) Reeder, C Reeder 

&Rzed. 

Bouteloua oUgostachya (Nutl.) Torr. ex A. Gray, Manual (ed. 

2) 553. 1856. ^2i^\Quyrc\. Athcropogon oligostachynis 
Nutt. 
= Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 



Bouteloua oUgostachya var. major Vasey ex L.H. Dewey, 

Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 2(3): 531. 1894. T-Protol.: 
USA: Texas to Arizona, [J.G. Lemon 427], with name 
in Vasey script. Note by A.C [cult, from Mex. seed 

from Dr. Palmer]. T-Specim,: 1 of 2. USA: Arizona, 
1882, J.G. Lemmon 427 [HT: US-883201], CS. 2 of 2. 

NOTE: check Bouteloua major Vasey. 

= Bouteloua gracilis (Kunlh) Lag, ex Griffiths. 

Bouteloua oUgostachya \^r. pallida Scribn. ex Beal, Grass. 

N. Amer. 2: 418. 1896. T-Protol.: M^xko, Pringle 
407. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Chihuahua, 23 Aug 

1885, C.G Pringle 407 \UJ: US^817081. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



29 



= Boutcloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Boiiteloua oligostachya var. rainosa (Scribn. ex Vasey) 

Scribii. ex Deal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 418. 1896. 
Basionym: Bouteloua ramosa Scribn. ex Vasey. 
= Boutcloua ramosa Scribn, ex Vasey. 

Boutehua ovata Lag., Gen. Sp. PI. 5. 1816. T-Protol.; Habit. 

in Imper. Mcx. 
= Bouteloua chondrosioiclcs (Kunth) Benth. ex S. Watson. 

Bouteloua palmeri Vasey, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 14: 9. 

1887. T-Protol.: \sA<:\\zq, Palmer s.n. 
NOTE: nom. nud,; later described as B. hirsuta var. palmeri 

Vasey ex Bcal. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 

Bouteloua pappilosa (Engclni.) Torr., Explor. Red River 

Louisiana 300. 1853. Basionym: Atheropogon 

papillosus Fngelm. 
= Boutcloua hirsuta var hirsuta. 



Bouteloua parryi (E. Fourn.) Griffiths, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 14(3): 381, f. 37, t. 73. 1912. Basionym: 
Chondrosum parryi E. Fourn. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Gould, F. W. (1980); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Shrcve. F. & I. L. Wiggins 

(1964); Viegi, L. & G. Renzoni. (1981). 
SYN.: Bouteloua vestita (S. Watson) Scribn. ex L.H. 

Dewey; Clwndrosium parry i E. Founi. 



Boutcloua 



var. gentry! (Gould) Gould, Ann. 



1979[I980]. Basionym 



parryi 

Missouri Bot. Card. 66: 408. 

Bouteloua gentry! Gould. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC,: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1987); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 

Gould, F.W. (1980). 
SYN.: Bouteloua ge«/r>7' Gould. 

Boutcloua parryi (E. Fourn.) Griffiths var. parryi, 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1987); Espejo Serna. 



19 Aug 1910, /I.5. Hitchcock 6302 [HT: US-883950, 
IT: US]. 
DST.: Mexi 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980). 

Bouteloua pendula hort. ex Lag., Varied. Ci. 2(4): 141. 1805. 

T-Specim.; 1 of 1. Cultivated from seed collected in 
Mexico [T], 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. o^ Boutcloua racemosa Lag. 
^ Bouteloua curtipcndula var. caespitosa Gould & 

Kapadia. 

Bouteloua pilosa (Hook, f) Benth. ex S. Watson, Proc. 

Amer. Acad. Arts 18; 179, 1S83, B^isxonym: Eutriana 
pilosa Hook, f 
= Bouteloua disticha (Kunth) Benth. 

Bouteloua piuremia Pilg., Repcrt. Spec. Nov. Rcgni Veg. 

17(19-30): 447. 1921. T-Prulol.: Peru: Prov. Piura: 
zwischen Morropon und SalitraL Mar 1912, 
Weberbauer 5961 . T-Spccim.: 1 of I. Peru: Piura, Mar 
1912,^. Weberbauer 5961 [HT: B; IT: US-81712]. 
= Bouteloua disticha (Kun(h) Renlh. 

Boutcloua polymorpha (E. Fourn.) Columbus, Aliso 18(1): 

63. 1999. Basionym: Atheropogon polymorphus E. 
Fourn. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pcz- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 
SYN.: Atheropogon polymorphus E. Fourn.; Fentarrhaphis 

polymorpha (E. Fourn.) Griffiths. 

Bouteloua polystachya (Benth.) Torr., Pacif Railr, Rep. 5(2): 

366, t. 10. 1857. Basionym: Chondrosum 
polys tachyum Benth. 
NOTE; error for Boutcloua. 

= Boutcloua barbata Lag. 
Bouteloua polystachya S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 

18: 177. 1883. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Sierra 
Madre, 40 mi S of SMUo, Palmer 1357 [HT: GH]. 
= Bouteloua parryi var. parryi. 



A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Bouteloua polystachya var. major Vasey, Rep. U.S. Gcogr. 



Gould, F.W. (1980). 
SYN.: Bouteloua polystachya S. Watson; Bouteloua 

polystachya var. \cstila S. Watson; Bouteloua vestita 
(S. Watson) Scribn. ex L.H. Dewey; Chondrosum 
parryi E. Fourn. 

Bouteloua pectinata Feath., Bot. Gaz. 91: 103, f 1-4. 1931. 

T-Protol: USA: Wichita Mt. near Fort Sill, Oklahoma, 
17 Aug 1929, B. English ^1 [HT: US-1445571]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Oklahoma: Comanche Co.: near 
Fort Sill, 17 Aug. 1929, B. English 71 [I IT: US- 
1445571]. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta subsp. pectinata (Feath.) WipIT & 

S.D. Jones. 

Boutcloua pcdicellata Swallcn, N. Amer. Fl. 17(8): 627. 

1939. T-Protol.: Mexico: rocky hill, Chalchicomula, 
Puebia, 9000 ft alt., 19 Aug 1910,^.5. Hitchcock 6302 
[HT: US-883950]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Puebia, 



Surv., Wheeler 6: 287. 1878. T-Protol. : USA; Arizona: 



Sanoita 



Valley, 



1874, 



Roth rock 



691, 



[Sanoyta/Sonoyta]. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: Arizona: 

Santa Cruz Co: Sanoita Vallct, 1874,7.7: Rothrock 
69/ [HT: US-817n; IT. GH], CS. 2 of 2. 

= Bouteloua barbata var. rothrockii (Vasey) Gould. 

Bouteloua polystachya Gould vzr. polystachya. 
= Bouteloua barbata Lag. 

Bouteloua polystachya var. vestita S. Watson, Proc. Amer. 

Acad. Arts 18: 177. 1883. T-Protol.: Mexico: Sierra 
Madre S. of Saltillo, nm^Palmer 1357. T-Spccim.: 1 
of 1. Mexico: Sierra Madre S of Saltillo, /*£7//?i^r 1357 
[HT:GH]. 

= Bouteloun parryi var. parryi. 

Bouteloua porphyrantha C. Wright, Anales Acad. Ci. Med. 

Habana 8: 201. 1871. T-Protol.: Cuhdi.Wright 739 pro 
parte 734, 3816, [reprint FI. Cubana 192. 1873]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 2. Cuba: Orientc, Wright 739 [ST: 



30 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



GOCT; 1ST: G, OH, P, US-A865563 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. 
Cuba, 1856, C IVrighf 734 [ST: NY-70988; iST: US- 

2830957 (fragm.)]. 
= Boutcloua amcricana (L.) Scribn. 

Boutclotia pringlciScnbn,, Circ. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 30: 

4. 1901. T-Prolol.: Mexico: Mountains of tgiiala, 1900, 
CG Pringle 8374 [HT: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Guerrero: limestone ledges of mountains 
above Iguala. elev. 4000 ft, 24 Oct 1900,C.G. Pringle 
8374 [III: US-382009, IT: CM, GH, LL, MO- 
2876580, NY, TAES]. 
= Boutcloua uicdia (E. Fourn.) Gould & Kapadia, 



Boiiteloua procunibcns (P. Durand) Griffiths, Contr. U.S. 

Natl. Herb. 14(3): 364, f 27. 1912. Basionym:C/7/o™ 
procunjhcns P. Durand. 
NOTB: nom. supcrtl. as aplicd; cites B. prostrata Lag. in 

syn., and ibat epithet has priority. 

= Boutcloua simplex lag. 

Bouteloua prostrata hort, ex Lag., Varied. Ci. 2(4): 141. 

1805. T-Prolol.: cuIt.[MA|. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. cult.: 
from seed from Mexico, Lagasca s\n. [I IT: MA- 



= Boutcloua simplex Lag. 

Boutcloua quiricgncnsis Beetle, Phylologia 59(4): 287. 

1986. T-ProtoL: Mexico: Sonora: Mun. dc Quiriego: 
Raiicho Los Varillerosy Ejido Nogales Ganaderos, 
rara, suelos areno-gravosos,, arcillo arenosos y franco- 
arenosos en el matorral arborcsccnte, ocurriendo en 
orillas de arroyos temporales, R. Aguirre Murrieta & 
R. Cuadra Garcia s.n. [HT: COCA], acronym of 
holotype only indirectly, not explicitly, cited. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: Sonora, Quiriego Mun., 25 
Oct 1985, R. Aguirre, R, Cuandra s.n. [HT: COCA; 

IT:US-03206090],OS. 
DST.: Mcxi. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1986); Lspcjo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pcz-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 

Bouteloua racemosa Lag., Varied. Ci. 2(4): 14 L 1805. T- 

ProtoL: [HT: MA], ''Bat. penduln H.R.M." [-MA]. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of L Mexico [HT: MA]. Collected by L. 
Nee in Mexico, possibly then cultivated in Madrid. 
= Boutcloua curfipendula (Michx.) Torr. 



230004 (phoLocopy, L), IT. M-7454, LC-TRIN-2 126.3 Bouteloua racemosa var. arisiosa (A. Gray) S. Watson & 



(upper left-hand corner)]. Originally collected from 
Mexico by L, Nee, then cultivated in Madrid. 2 of 2. 
Ex Philippinis Insulis [error for Mexico], i. Nee [OM: 
MA; US-A865567 (fragm. ex MA & photo)]. 

NOTF: nom scminud ; emend. Gen. & Sp. Nov. 5 (1816). 

= Boutcloua simplex Lag. 

Bouteloua puhescens Pilg., Verb. Bot. Vereins Prov. 

Brandenburg 51: 193. 1909. T-Protol.: Guatemala: 
dept. Iluehuetenango: propc Malacatan, in arenosis, 
flor. SepL, E. Seler 3234. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Guatemala: Iluehuetenango: prope Malacatan, 13 Nov 
1896, E. Seler 3234 [IT: US-81707 (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: alternate pagination: Abh. p. 15. 
= Boutcloua rcpcns (Kunth) Scribn. 

Bouteloua pumila Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 



SYN 



Philadelphia 14: 



93. 



1862. T-Protol.: USA: 



northwestern Texas, Wright 754. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: New Mexico and Texas, Oct 1849,C,//. Wright 
754 [LT: PH, ILT; GH, US-SI 706], LT designated (as 
type) by GiiffiLhs, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 14(3): 383 
(1912). 
- Boutcloua barbata Lag. 

Boutclouii purpurea Gould & Kapadia, Briltonia 16(2): 197, 

f 40. 1964. T-Protol.: Mexico: Mexico: 30 mi W of 
Tepeji del Rio, 10 Sep 1962, Gould 10211 [HT: 

TAES; IT: GH, NY, TEX, UC, US]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 
1. Mexico; Mexico: 30 mi W of Tepeji del Rio, 10 Sep 
1962, FAW Gould 10211 [HT: TAES; IT: GH, NY, 
'li:X, UC, US-2551353]. 
DST.: Mcxi. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A , A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980); 
McVaugh, R. (1983). 

Bouteloua pusilla Vasey, Bulf Torrey Bot. Club 11:6. 1884, 

T-ProtoL: USA: New Mexico: Kingman: 1881, G/^. 

Vasey s.n. T-Spccim.; 1 of 2. USA: New Mexico, Jun 
1881, G./^. Vasey SM. [HT: US-81725], CS. 2 of 2. 



J.M. Coult., Manual 656. 1890. 'Q^i^^lonym: Bouteloua 
curtipcfidula var. arisiosa A. Gray. 
= Boutcloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr, 

Boutcloua radicosa (E. Fourn.) Griffiths, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 14: 411, t. 81. 1912. \3j^\o\\ym\ Atheropogon 
radicosusE. Fourn. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rc) na (2000); Gould, F. 
W. (1980); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Munz, P. A. & 
D. D. Keck (1959); Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins 
(1964); Viegi, L. & G. Renzoni. (1981). 
Atheropogon bromoides (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.; 
Atheropogon radtcosus E. Fourn.; Bouteloua 
bromoides Lag.; Bouteloua bromoides var. radicosa 
(E. Fourn.) Vasey ex L.H. Dewey; Dineba bromoides 
KuiUh; Dinebra bromoides Kunth; Eutriaua 
bromoides (Kunth) Kunth; Eutriana bromoides 
(Kunth) Trin.; Nesilerafestuciformis Willd. ex Steud. 

Bouteloua rahmeri Phil., Verz. Antofagasta Pfl. 85. 189L T- 

Protol.: Chile: TarapacA: ad Calcalhua> repcrta, F. 
Philippi s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Chile: Tarapaca, /?./!, 

Philippi 268 [HT: SCO (photo, US), IT: US-A865562 
(fragm. ex SGO)]. 2 of 2. 

NOTE: as Bouteloa "Rahmeri". 
= Boutcloua simplex 1 ag. 

Boutcloua ramosa Scribn. ex Vasey, U.S.D.A. Div. Bot. 

Bull. 12(1): L 44. 1890. T-Protol.: G. C. Nealley 797. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: Texas: Presidio Co.: Clicnale 
Mts., SW Texas, Nealley 797 [NT: US-883244], NT 



designated by Bcal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 418 (1896). 2 
of 2. USA: Texas: Presidio Co.: Chenate Mis., 1888, 
G.C. Nealley 797 [LT; US-883244], LT designated by 
Reeder, Taxon 35: 153 (1986). See also Beaf Grasses 
N. Amer. (1896); Griffiths (1912), Gould (1979: 41 1). 

NOTE: also publ. as nom. nud. in Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

(1890). 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



31 



LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle. A. A. (1987), Corrcll, D. S. 

& M. C. Johnston (1970); Espejo Serna, A, A. R. 

Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Recder, 

J. R. &C. G. Reeder(1980), 
SYN.: Boiiteloua oUgostachya var. ramosa (Scribn. ex 

Vasey) Scribn. ex Bcal. 

Boutcloua reederorum Columbus, Aliso 18(1); 63. 1999. 

REPLACED NAME: Athcropogon stolonifcr E. Fourn. 

BLOCKING NAME: Boutcloua stolonifera Scribn. 

DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 

SYN.: Aiheropogon stolonifer E. Fourn.; Bouteloua 

stolonifera Scribn.; Cathestecwn stoloniferum (E. 
Fourn.) Griffiths; Cyclostachya stolonifera (Scribn.) 
Rccdcr & C. Reedcr; Pringleochloa stolonifera (E. 
Fourn.) Scribn. 

t 

Bouteloua rellexa Swallcn, N. Anier. FJ. 17: 632. 1939. T- 

Frotol.: Mexico: on Mt. sides nearLodiego, Sonora, 9- 

15 Oct 1891, Palmer 1655 [111: US-471374]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: Sonora: mountain sides near 
Lodeigo, 9-15 Oct 1891, £ Palmer 1655 [HT: US- 
471374; IT: ARIZ, GIL US]. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran 

(1981); Gould, F. W. (1980). 

Bouteloua repens (Kunth) Scribn. » Bull. Div. Agrostol., 

U.S.D.A. 4: 9. 1897. Basionym: Dinebra repens 
Kunth. 
NOTE: basionym not explicitly cited, only the basionym 

author cited; also by Scribn. & Merr. in U.S.D.A. 
Div. Agrostol. Bull. 24: 26 (1901). 
DST.: Bcli, Cari, Colo, CoRi, ElSa, Guat, Ilond, Mexi, 

Nica, Pana, USA, Vcne. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Balick, M. J., 

M. II. Nee & D. E. Atha (2000); Beetle, A. A. 
(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Bercndsohn, W. G. & 
A. E. Araniva de GonzAlez (1991); Breedlove, D. E. 

(1986); Catasus Gucrra, L. (1997); Corretl, D. S. & 
M. C Johnston (1970); Davidse, C, M. Sousa S. & 
A. O. Chaler (cditorcs gcncrales) (1994); Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Gould, F. W (1979); Gould, F. W. & R. 
Moran (1981); Gould. F. W. (1980), Liogier, R & L. 
Martorcll (1982); McClure, F. A. (1955); Molina R., 
A. (1975); Pohl, R. W, (1980); Pohl, R, W. (1994); 
Rcyes-Garcia, A. & M. Sousa S. (1997); Viegi, L. & 
G. Rcnzoni. (1981). 
SYN.: Actinochloa bromoides (Lag.) Roem. & Schult.; 

Athcropogon amcricamts \?ix.depauperata E. Fourn.; 
Athcropogon fdifonnis E, Fourn.; Aiheropogon 
juncifolius (Desv.) Spreng.; Aiheropogon repens 
(Kunth) RoeuL & Schult.; Bouteloua hronioides 
LajT .; Bouteloua bromoides var. brojnoides: 
Boutcloua fdiforniis (E. Fourn.) GxWTwh^J^outeloua 

Bouteloua 



Kunth, Eutriana bromoides (Kuiuh) lr\n.\ Eutriana 

bromoides (Lag.) Trin.; Eutriana heterostega Trin.; 

Eutriana juncifolia (Desv.) \iuu\h\ Eutriana repens 

(Kunth) Trin.; Heterosteca juncifolia Desv.; 
Heterosteca rhadina Nash. 

Boutcloua rigidiseta (Steud.) Ilitchc, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 

23(10): 453. 1933. Basionym:. lego/jogo/? rigidisetus 
Steud. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allen, C M., C S. Rcid & C H. 

DoffiU (1999); Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 
(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Correll, D. S. & M. C 
Johnston (1970); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. 
(1980); Great Plains Flora Association (1986); 
Hitchcock,A. S. (1951). 

SYN.: Aegopogon rigidisetus ^icud.; Bouteloua texana S. 

Watson; Polyodon texanus (S. Watson) Nash. 

Boutcloua rigidiseta var. chihualniana M.C Johnst., 

SouthW. Naturalist 27(1): 29. 1982. T-Spccim,: 1 ofl. 
Mexico: Chihuahua, 24 Jul 1972, f. Chiang et ai 
8811 [HT: LL, IT: CAS, MEXU, NY]. 
= Bouteloua chihuahuana (MC Johnst,) Columbus. 

Bouteloua rothrockii Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(8): 

268. 1893. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona: Cottonwood, 
1874, J. 7: Roihrock347 [HT: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: Arizona: Yavapai Co.: Cottonwood, 1874,//^ 
Rothrock 3-17 [HT: US'81709; IT: GII]. 
= Boutcloua barbata var. rothrockii (Vasey) Gould. 

Boutcloua scabra (KunthJ Columbus, Aliso 18(1): 64. 1999. 

Basionjm: Pentarrhaphis scabra Kunth. 
DST.: Beli, Colo, Guat, Hond, Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 
SYN.: Pentarrhaphis scabra Kuntli. 

Boutcloua scorpioidcs Lag., Gen, Sp. PI. 5. 1816. T-ProtoL: 

Habitat in N. Hisp. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle. A. A. (1977); Beetle. A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980); Viegi, L. 
&G. Rcnzoni. (I98I). 
SYN.: Actinochloa scorpioidcs (Lag.) Rocm. & Schult.; 



Aiheropogon 



scorpiodes 



(Lag.) 



Spreng.; 



heterostega 



(Trin.) 



Griffiths; 



humboldtiana Griseb.; Bouteloua pubescens Pilg.; 
Dinebra juncifolia (Desv.) Steud.; Dinebra repens 



Chondrosium scorpoides (Lag.) Kvm[\v,Chondrosum 
scorpioidcs (Lag.) Kunth. 

Boutcloua simplex Lag., Varied. Ci. 2(4): 141. 1805. T- 

Specim.: 1 of I. Peru, Lagasca s.n. [HT: MA; IT: M, 
LE-TRIN-2127.02]. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Ecua, Mexi, Pana, Peru, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Beelle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Brako, L. & J, L. 
Zarucchi (1993); Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston 
(1970); Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. 
Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); Espejo Serna, A., 
A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Foster, R. C (1958); Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 
(1968); Gould, F. W & R. Moran (1981), Gould. F. 



32 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II, 



W. (1980); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Macbride, J. F. (1936); Tovar, 6. (1993); 
Vicgi,L.&O.Renzoni-(1981).^ 
SYN.: Acfmochha Immilis (P. Beauv. ex Kunth) Willd. ex 

Roem. & Schiilt.; Actinochloa procumhens (P. 
Durand) Rocm. & Schiilt.; Actinochloa prostrata 
(hort. ex Lag,) Rocm & ?ii:\\w\L, Actinochloa swiplex 
(Lag.) Roeni. & Scliult.; Actinochloa tenuis (P. 
Beauv. c\ Kunth) Willd. ex Kocm. & Schult.; 
Atheropogon Immilis (P. Beauv. ex Kimth) Sprciig.; 
Atheropogon procumbens (P. Durand) J. Jacq.; 
Bouteloua brachyantlicra Phil.; Bouteloua humilis 
(P. Beauv. ex Kunth) Wxcron.'.Boutcloua procumbens 
(P. Durand) Griffiths; Bouteloua prostrata hort. ex 
Lag.; Bouteloua pusilla Vasey; Bouteloua rahmerl 
Phil., Bouteloua simplex\?iv. actinochloidcs I Icnrard; 
Bouteloua simplex var. rahmcri (Phil.) Henrard; 



US] T-Specim.; 1 of L USA: Texas, 1887, G.C. 
Nealleys.n. [tlT: US-8I710], CS. 
NOTE: nom. seminud.; U. S. Dcpt, Agr, Div. Bot. Bui, 

12(1): pi. 45. 1890. 
= liuutt'loua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Bouteloua swalkniiColunihus, Aliso 18(1): 63. 1999. 
REPLACED NAME: Pentarrhaphis aniuia Swallen. 
BLOCKING NAME: Boutdoua annua Swallen. 
DST.: Colo, CoRi, ElSa, Hond, Peru, Vene. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 
SYN.: Pentarrhaphis annua Swallen. 

Bouteloua tenuis (P. Beauv. ex Kunth) Griscb., Abh. Konigl 

Ges. Wiss. Gottingcn 19: 259. 1874. Basionym: 
Chondrosum tenue V. Beauv. ex Kunth. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 



Bouteloua tenuis (P. Beauv. ex Kunth) Griseb.; Bouteloua tenuis var. hwmlis (P. Beauv. ex Kunth) Griseb., 



Bouteloua tenuis var. humilis (P. Beauv. ex Kunth) 
Griseb.; Chloris fdiformis Vo\x.\Chloris procumbens 
P. Durand; Chloris tenuis Poir.; Chondrosium humile 
Kunth; Chondrosium simplex (Lag.) Kunth; 
Chondrosium tenue P. Beauv. ex Kunlli; 
Chondrosum humile P. Bi^siuv.', Chondrosum humile 
P. Beauv. ex Kunth, Chondrosum procumbens (P. 
Durand) Desv.; Chondrosum procumbens (P. 
Durand) Desv. ex P. Beauv.; Chondrosum 
prostratum (hort. ex Lag.) Kunth; Chondrosum 
prostratum (hort. ex Lag.) Sweet; Chondrosum 
simplex (Lag.) Kunth; Chondrosum tenue P. Beauv.; 
Chondrosum tenue P. Beauv. ex Kunth; Cynodon 
procumbens (P. Durand) \\^s\\d\\\ Erucaria lutescens 
Cerv.; Eutriana humilis (?. Beauv. ex Kunth) Trin.; 
Eutriana tenuis (P. Beauv. ex Kunth) Trin. 

Bouteloua simplex var. actinochloides Henrard, Mcdcd. 

Rijks-Herb. 40: 65, f. 1921. T-Protol: Bolivicn: dans 
uiie prairie marccageuse, avant darriver a Cochypata, 
3000ni : 7 Nov 1S57, Mandon pro parte [IIT: L- 
908.86-226], "mixt. cum Bouteloua simplicc. typ.r T- 
Specim.: ! of 1. Bolivia: Cochypata, 7 Nov 1857,G. 
Maudon 908 [HT: L, IT: US-A865564 (fragm.)]. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Bouteloua simplex var. rahmeri (Phil.) Henrard, Mcded. 



Rijks-Herb. 40: 66. 

rahmeri Piiil. 

= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 



1 92 1. Basionym: Bouteloua 



Bouteloua sonorae Griffiths, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 14(3): 

389, f 43. 1912. T-Protol.: Mexico: Yaqui River, 
1869, Palmer sm. [HT: US]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. 
Mexico: Sonora: Yaqui River, 1869, £. Palmer sjl 
[HT:US-2808965], CS.2of2. 
= Bouteloua barbata var. sonorae (GrilTiths) Gould. 

Bouteloua stolonifera Scribn., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 1891: 302. 1891. T-Protol.: Mexico: 
plains, Zacatecas, between San Luis Potosi and Aguas 
Calientes, 19 Aug 1890,C.G. Pringle 3174 [HT: US]. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Zacalccas: La Honda 
Station, 19 Aug 1890, CC. Pringle 3174 [HT: US- 
72212; IT: MO-2959825, US-820985, US^883933, 
US-747802]. 
= Bouteloua reederorum Columbus. 

Bouteloua stricta Vasey, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 15: 49. 1888. 

T-Protol.: USA: Texas: 1887, G.C. Nealleys.n. [HT: 



Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Gottingcn 24: 303. 1879. 
Basionym: Chondrosum humile P. Beauv. ex Kunth. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Bouteloua texana S. Watson, Proc. Amcr. Acad. Arts 18: 

196. 1883. T-Specim.: 1 of 6. USA: Texas: San 
Antonio dc Bcjar, Berlandier 1535 [LT: GH], LT 
designated by GrilTiths, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 14: 
404 (1912). 2 of 6. USA: Texas, no d^iic, Drummond 
340 [1ST: US-1063201 (fragm ex E), US-1063202 
(fragm.)]. 3 of 6. USA: Texas, no date, T. Drummond 
374 [ST: US-1063200 (fragm. ex E)]. 4 of 6. , 
Lmdheimer 732 [ST]. 5 of 6. : IVright 752 [ST]. 6 of 6. 

: Hall 77! [ST]. 
= Bouteloua i igidiseta (Steud.) Hitchc. 

Bouteloua triacna (Trin. ex Sprcng.) Scribn., Proc. Acad. 

Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1891: 307. 189L Basionym: 

Atheropogon triaena Trin. ex Sprcng. 
NOTE: as Bouteloua "Triacna". 
DST.:Guat, Mexi. 

LVL.ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. 

Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores generales) (1994); 

Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pe?-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 

Reyna (2000), Gould, F. W. (1980); McCIurc, F. A. 

(1955); Pohl, R. W. (1994); Sousa S., M. & E. P. 

Cabrera C. (1983); Viegi, L. & G. Rcnzoni. (1981). 
SYN.: Atheropogon triaena Trin. ex Spreng.; Dinebra 

cristata J. Presl; Eutriana triaena Trin.; Triaena 

racemosa Kunth ; Triathera gracilis E . Fourn. ; 

Triathera racemosa (Kunth) Desv, 

Bouteloua trifida Thurb., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 177. 

1883. T-Protol.: [Mexico]: Monclova, Coahuila, 1880, 
Palmer 1355, T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Coahuila: 
Monclova, Aug 1880 [Fcb-Oct given on specimens at 
GH and US, this crossed out on the GH label and Aug 
written in; the 2nd US sheet has Aug 14-17], E. 
Palmer 1355 [HT: GH; IT: NY, US'A865565, US- 
821003, US-883967, USi.ihoto ncg. 83761 sheet 

2474825]. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Correll, D. S. & M. C. 

Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. 

H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); Espejo Serna, 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



33 



A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Gould. F. W. & R. Moran (1981), Gould, F. W. 
(1980), Hickman, J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Muiiz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. 
A. (1974); Slircvc, F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964). 
SYN.: Boutcloua burkii Scribn.; Boutcloua biirkii Scribn. ex 

S. Watson; Boutcloua Irifida var. burkii (Scribn. ex 
S. Watson) Vascy ex L.H. Dewey; Boutcloua irinii 
(E. Fourn.) Griffiths; Chondrosum polystachyum 
Trin. ex E. Fourn.; Chondrosum trifidum (Thurb.) 
Clayton; Chondrosum trinii E, Fourn.; Chondrosum 
virletii E. Fourn.; Chondrosum virletii E. Fourn. ex 
Ilcnisl. 

Bouteloua irifida var. burkii (Scribn. ex S. Watson) Vasey ex 

L.H. Dewey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 2(3): 532. 1894. 
Dasionym; Bouteloua burkiiScnhn. ex S. Watson. 
NOTE: cites B. burkii Scribn., (1884), which shares a 

syntype with B. burkeiScnbn. ex S. Wats., (1883). 
= Boutcloua trifida Thurb. 

Bouteloua trinii (E. Fourn.) Griffiths, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

14(3): 387, f 41, 42, t. 74. 1912. Basionym: 
Chondrosum trinii E. Fourn. 
= Bouteloua trifida Thurb. 

Bouteloua uninora Vasey, Dot. Gaz. 16: 26. 1891. T-Protol.: 

USA: Texas; Crockett Co.: 1890, G.C. Nealley 222 
[HT: US]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas: Crockett 
Co., 1890, G.C. Nealley 222 [HT: US-2307997, IT; 
GH]. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 

Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. 

L. Reveal (1977); Gould, F. W. (1980); Hitchcock, 



A. S. (1951); Viegi, L. & G. Rcnzoni. (1981), 



Bouteloua uniflora var. coahuilcnsis Gould & Kapadia, 

Brittonia 16(2): 191, f. 27, 41. 1964. T-Protol.: 
Mexico: Coahuila: Rancho Los Angeles, 40 km SW of 
Saltillo, 4 Nov 1962, Gould 10300 [HT: TAES; IT: 
DS, GIL GH, TEX, UC, US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Coahuila: Rancho Los Angeles, 40 km SW of 
Saltillo, 4 Nov 1962, F.W. Gould 10300 [HT: TAES; 
IT: DS, GH, TEX, UC, US-2551355]. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980), Viegi, L. 
&G. Rcnzoni. (1981). 

Bouteloua uniflora Vasey var. uniflora. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. (1980). 

Bouteloua vancedcnii Pilg., Symb. Antill. 6: 2. 1909. T- 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Catasu^ Guerra, L. (1997); Gould, F. 

W (1979), Gould, F. W. (1980); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1936). 

Bouteloua varia (Swallen) Columbus, Aliso 18(1): 63. 1999. 

Basion) m; Cathestecuni varium Swallen. 
DST.; Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 

SYN.: Calheslecum varium Swallen. 

Bouteloua vestita (S. Watson) Scribn. ex L.H. Dewey, Contr. 

U.S. Natl. Herb. 2(3); 531. 1894. Basionym; 
Bouteloua polystachya var. vestita S. Watson. 
= Boutcloua parryi var, parryi. 

Boutcloua warnockii Gould & Kapadia, SouthW. Naturalist 

7; 176. 1962. T-Protol.; USA: Texas: Culberson Co.: 2 
mi W of Kent, 18 Jul 1961, Gould A Kapadia 9533 
[I IT: TAES; IT; MICH, MO, SMU, SRSC, TEX, UC, 
US]. T-Specim.; 1 of 1. USA; Texas: Culberson Co., 
18 Jul 1961, F.W. Gould c? Z Kapadia 9533 [HT: 
TAES; IT; MICH, MO, SMU, SRSC, TEX, UC, US- 

2551367]. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL, ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymou.s (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Correll, D. S. & M. C 
Johnston (1970); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
1-errari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), Gould, F. W. 

(1980), 

Bouteloua willianisii Swallen, Ceiba 4(5): 285. 1955. T- 

Protol.; Honduras; El Paraiso; near Las Mesas, 900 m, 
on open rocky hillsides, 2 Oct 1949, LO. fVilliams 
16902 [HT; US-2044038]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
Honduras: El Paraiso: open rocky hillsidesnear Las 
Mesas, alt. 900 m, ca. 14°N, 87°W, drainage of tiie Rio 
Yeguare, 2 Oct 1949,1.0. IVilliams 16902 [IIT: US- 
2044038; IT; F, ISC, MO-1731263, UC, WIS]. 
NOTE: as Bouteloua "Williamsii". 
DST.; Guat, Hond, Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A, (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Brecdiove, D. E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. 
Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores generales) (1994); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000), Gould, F. W. (1980); Molina R., A. 
(1975); Pohl, R. W. (1994); Viegi, L. & G. Rcnzoni. 
(I98I), 



Boutelou 



1917. TYPE; Boutcloua Lag. 
TRTD. BY; Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. 

Judziewicz, P. M. Peterson, and F. O. Zuloaga. 
NHf: Cynodonteae. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Columbus, J. T., M. S. Kinney, R. Pant & 

M. E. Siqueiros Delgado, (1998); Columbus, J. T., 

(1999). 



Protoi.: [West Indies]: Leeward Isls.: Anguilla, Sep, Brachyelytrum pringlci Vasey ex Bcal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 



Boldingh 35 1 28, f\. et fruct. T-Spccim.; 1 of 1. St. 
Christopher-Nevi: Anguilla 1., 1906,7. Boldingh 3512 
[HT: B; IT; US-2307996 (fragm. ex B)]. 

DST.: Cari, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 



266. 1896. T-Protol.: Mcxxco, Pringle 1739, 2661. 
NOTE; nom. inval., as syn. of Muldcnbergia trinii Fourn. 
= Muliknbergia divcrsigluniis Trin. 



34 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



Briza barbata (Nees) Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. ScL St.- Brizopyrum cyperoides (Thunb.) Nces, Fl. Afr. Austral. Ill 



Pctcrsbourg, Ser 6, Sci. Math. 1(4); 363. 1830. 
Basiori} m: Calothcca barbata Nccs. 
= Nccsiochloa barbata (Nccs) Pilg. 

Briza caroliniana Lam., Encycl. 1: 465. 1785. T-Protol.: 

USA: Caroline & la Virginic. 
= llniola paniciilata L. 



374. 1841. 
= Cladoraphis cyperofdes (Thunb.) S.M. Phillips. 

Brizopyrxim obtusijJorwn E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 120. 1886 

T-Protol.: Mexico: Veracruz: Orizaba: 
occidental!, Emy sn. [HT: PJ. 
= Eragrostis obtusiflora (E. Fourn,) Scribn. 



in era 



Briza dura Dcsv., Mem, Soc. Auric. Angers 1: 207. 1831. T- Brizopyrum ovatum Nees ex Steud., Syn. PI. GhMiiac. I: 282. 



Protol.: Habitat in America austral!. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Argentina: Buenos Aires?, Desvaux 12 [HT: P; IT: 
US-A865554J. 
NOTE: also in Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 103 [reprint] 1831- 



1833. Presumably an 



Eragrostis 



introduced, 



Old World species 
but the 



of 



species 

undeterminable from the tiny tjpe fragment at US. 
= Status not yet determined. 

Briza eragrostis L., Sp. PI. 70. 1753. T-ProtoL: Habitat in 

Europa australi ad agrorum versuras. T-Speeim.: I of 
1. "Europa Australi". no date,y. Clayton 582 [T: BM, 
IT: US-3152245 (fragm ex BM)]. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis major Host. 

lis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 



= Era};rostis cilia 

Briza mcgastachya (Koeler) hort, ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. 

Veg. 2: 585. 1817. Rasionym: Poa mcgastachya 

Koeler. 
NOTE: nom, inval., as syn. oi Poa mcgastachya. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Briza mcgastachya (Koeler) Steud.. Nojiiencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 1: 

225. 1840. Basionym: Poa mcgastachya Koeler. 
NOTE: nom. invaL, as syn. of Poa mcgastachya Koeler. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Briza oblonga Mocnch, Methodus 185. 1794. 
REPLACED NAME: Briza eragrostis L. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa eragrostis L. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All ) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Briza purpurascens Muhl., Dcscr. Gram. 154. 1817. T- 

ProtoL: USA: habitat in Carolina. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: no date, CotL Ukn. s.n. [IT: US-1535783]. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Briza spicata (L.) Lam., Encycl. 1: 465. 1785. Basionym: 

Uniola spicata L. 

NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E. NAME: Briza spicata Burni. f. 

= Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Brizopyrum americanum (L.) Link, Hort. BeroL i: 160. 1827. 

Rasionym: Uniola spicata L. 
= Disdcliiis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Brizopyrum horeak J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 280. 1830. 

T-Protol.: Hab. in sinu Noolka, Haenke s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Canada: British Columbia: Vancouver 
Island: Nootka ^omdjlacnke s.n. [HT: PR; IT: MO- 
1837457]. 
= Distichlis spicata var. borcalis (J. Presl) Beetle. 



Brizopyrum condensatum (J. Presl) E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 

121. 1886. Basionym: Mcgastachya condcnsala J. 
PresL 
= Eragrostis condcnsata (J. Presl) Steud. 



1854. T-ProtoL: Peru, Cuming s.n, [HT: P?], or Chile?. 
= Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Brizopyrum pilosum J. Presl, Rcliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 280. 

1830. T-Prolol.: Hab. ad Acapulco, //*^l.';;Ac' s.n. T- 
Specim.: I of 1. Mexico: Guerrero: AQ'd\ni\co, Haenke 
s.n. [HT: PR; IT: MO-2 1 1 2280, MO-5 1 1 7060 
(drawing), US-865534 (fragm. ex PR)]. 
= Jouvea pilosa (J. Presl) Scribn. 

Brizopyrum prostratum (Kunth) E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. F^oy. 

Bot, Belgique 15: 474. 1876. Bns'ionyurPoa prostrata 
Kunth. 

- Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Brizopyrum prostratum (Kunth) Benth. ex E. Fourn.. Mexic. 

PI. 2: 120. 1886. Basionym: Poa prostraia Kunth. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Brizopyrum prostratum x^r.erectum E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 

120. 1886. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Mcxko, Berlandier 376 
[ST; LE]. 2 of 2. Mexico: Prov. Puebla: secus rivos 
Tehuaean de las Granadas, Galleotti 5746 [ST]. 
= Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Brizopyrum prostratum var, humile E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 

120. 1886. T-Spccim.: 1 of 3, Mqxico, Bcrlandier 923 
[ST: LE]. 2 of 3. Mcxko, Bourgeau 230 [ST]. 3 of 3. 
Mexico, [Berlandicr?] 376 [Sl^ P]. 

= Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Brizopyrum spicatum (L.) Hook. & Arn., Bot. Beeehey Voy. 

403. 1840. Basionym: Uniola spicata L, 
= Distichlis spicata subsp spicata. 

Brizopyrum spicatum var. strictum (Ton.) A. Gray ex S. 

Watson, Botany Fortieth Parallel 385. 1871. 
Basion> m: Uniola stricta Torr. 

- Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Brizopyrum thalassicum (Knnth) Nees, Nov. Actorum Acad. 

Caes. Leop. -Carol. Nat. Cur. 1: 29. 184L Basionym: 

Poa thalassica Kunth. 
NOTE: 161. 1843. 
= Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Brizopyrum uninervium (J. Presl) E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 

121. 1886. Basionym: Mcgastachya unincn^ia J. Presl. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J Presl) N. Snow. 

Bromus spicatus Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 471. 1829, T- 

Protol.: Brasil: habitat in campis, Campo mimoso 
dictis, provinciae Piauhianae, floret Main et Junio, 
Martins s.n. [HT: M]. T-Specim.; 1 of L [Brasilia]: 
Piauhia [IT: LE-TRIN-2313.01 (& fig.)]. 

- Tripogon spicatus (Nees) Ekman. 

Bromus virgatus J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 263. 1830. T- 

ProtoL: Hab. in monlanis Peruviae, in Mexico? 
[changed to Hab. ad monte-Rey Californiae," in the 
Addendum on p. 351], Haenke s.n,. Probably from 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



35 



Peru fgcl, 1995]. T-Spccini.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Guerrero: 
AcapLilco, Haenke s.n. [HT: PR; IT: BM, MO-14696, 
MO-134997 (line drawing), US-A865483 (fragm.)], 
cited by Ortiz (1993). 

- Gouinia virgata (J. PresI) Scribn. 

Bromemichea Bal., J. Bot. (Morot) 4(8): 163. 1890. TYPE: 

Brousemichea seslen'oidcs Bal. 
= Zoysia Willd. 

Buchloe Engelni., Trans. Acad. Sci, SL Louis 1: 432. 1859. 

TYPE: Buchloe dactyloides (Huii) Engelin. 

NOTE: nom. cons. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Buchloe dactyloides (Nutl.) Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. 

Louis 1: 432, I. 12, 14, f. 1-17. 1859. Baslonym: 
Sesleria daclyloides Nutt. 
= Bouteloua dactyloides (Nutt.) Columbus. 

Bvchlomimus Reeder, C. Reeder 8l Rzed., Brittonia 17(1): 

29. 1965. TYPE; Buchlomimus nervaius (Swallen) 

Reeder, C. Reeder & Rzed. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Buchlomimus nervaius (Sv\ alien) Reeder, C. Reeder & Rzed., 

Brittonia 17: 30. 1965. B'dsionynr. Bouteloua nervata 
Swallen. 
= Bouteloua nervata Swallen. 

Bulbilis Raf. ex Kuntzc, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 763. 189L 
NOTE: nom. supcrfL pro Buchloe. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Bulhilis dactyloides (Uun.) Raf. ex Kunt/e, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 

763. 1891. Basionym: Sesleria dactyloides }^uiL 
= Boutel()ua dactyloides (Nutt.) Columbus. 

Calamagrostis andina Nutl., J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 

ser. 2, L 187. 1848. T-Protol.: USA: In Upper 
California on the Colorado of the West, Dr. W. 
Gambel T-Spccini.: 1 of 1. USA: California, Scpt-Oct 

1894, ff. Gamhcl[Y\. 
= Muhlcnhergia andina (Nutt,) Hitchc. 

Calamagrostis brevipilis (Torr.) L.C. Beck, Bot. North. 

Middle States 40L 1833. B'^\onyxn\Arundo brevipilis 

Torr. 
= Calainovilfa brevipilis (Torr.) Scribn. 

Calamagrostis compressa Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 56. 1878. T- 

Protol.: Hon.: seminibus, Brazil: pr. Rio de Janeiro, 
Glaziou [Cult in horto bot Monacensi anno 1869]. 

- Muhlcnhergia frondosa (Poir.) Fernald. 



Drummond s.n. [HT: K; IT: US-3168581 (fragni. ex 

K)]. 
= CaIamovilfa longifolia (Hook.) Hack, ex Scribn. 

Calamagrostis mcxicana Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 7: 488. 1825. 
NOTE: nom. illcg. superH. 

CORRECT NAME: Calamagrostis quitensis Kunth. 
= Muhlcnhergia tcnuifoiia (Kunlh) Kunth. 

Calamagrostis pumila Hook. f. , Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 

176. 1847. T-Protol.: Ecuador: Galapagos Isls.: 
Albermarle Isl., Macrae [LT]. T-Specim.: 1 of I. 
Ecuador: Galapagos Islands, Macrae s.n. [LT: K; 
ICGE, K], LT designated by Porter, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 

81:98(1980). 
= Trichoneura lindleyana var. lindleyana. 

Calamagrostis quitensis Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 133. 1815 

[1816]. T-Proto!.: Regni Mexicani prope Mescala, 
Sochipala et Valle Zopilote, inter 265 et 517 liexap., 
Humboldt A Bonpland s.n. [HT: P]. T-Specim.: 1 of L 
Mexico: Guerrero: Sochipala et Valle Zopilote, 
Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [HT: P-Bonpl.; IT; P]. 
= Muhlenbcrgia tenuifolia (Kunlh) Kunth. 

Calamagrostis tcnuifolia Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 134. 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Crcscit juxta urbcm Mexico in 
cultis, ait. 1170 hexap., floret Aprili, Humboldt & 
Bonpland s,n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Distrito 
Federal: Mexico City, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [HT: 
P-Bonpl.;IT:P]. 
= Muhlenbergia tenuir(»lia (Kunth) Kunth. 

Calamagrostis subg. Calamovilfa A. Gray, Manual 582. 

1848. TYPE: Calamagrostis brevipilis (Torr.) L.C. 
Beck; LT designaated by Hitchcock, U.S.D.A. Bull. 

772: 126(1920). 
= Calamovilfa (A. Gray) Hack. e\ Scribn. &. Southw. 

CalamochloaE. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 24: 178, 1877. 

TYPE: Calamochloa fdijolfa E. Fourn. 
NOTE: horn, illcg. 
= Sohnsia Airy Shaw. 

Calamochloa fdifolia E. Fourn.. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 24: 

178. 1877. T-Protol.: Mexico: San Luis Putosi, F/V/t'/ 
d'Aoust 1 461. T-Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: San Luis 
Potosi, no date, Virlet 1461 [T: P; US-A865757 
(fragm)]. 
= Sohnsia filifolia (E. Fourn.) Airy Shaw. 



Calamovilfa (A. Gray) Hack, ex Scribn. & Southw., 

True Grasses 113. 1890. ^^%\ony\\\\ Cahwuigrostis 

Calamagrostis curtissii (Vasey) Vascy, Bot. Gaz. 15: 269. subg. C<^/(^/;;ov///a A. Gray. 

1890, Basionym: Ammophila curtissii Vascy. NOTE: This genus was definitely added by Scribncr. 

- Calamovilfa curtissii (Vasey) Scribn. TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

^, ^ ^ „, ., e NHT: Sporobolinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 5 SUBSP.: 2. 

Calaniagrostis g^gantea \^m^^ Trans Amer^Phios. Soc CNSLTD. LIT: Thieret, J. W., (1966). 

n.s., 5: 143. 1837. T-Protol.: Arkansas Territory-: Hab. -,.„ , ^ , ,- u r- / ■// a n .,. 

. , , ^ ^ . <> I, T^' r *L ^\N.. Calamagrostis swhg. Calamovufa A. ijx^y. 

on the sandy banks of Great Salt River of the 6 & j j 

Arkansas. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Oklahoma: Hab. Calamovilfa arcuata K.E. Rogers, Rliodora 72(789): 72-79, 

on the sandy banks of Great Salt River of the f i-2. 1970. T-Prolol.: USA: Tennessee: Cumberland 

Arkansas., Suttall s.n. [HT: BM?, IT: ?\\, US-865774 Co.: ca. 8 mi NNE of Crab Orchard, off of old gravel 

(fragm. ex BM), US-A865773 (fragm. ex PII)]. road from Crab Orchard to Rockwood, downstream 

= Calamovilfa gigantca (Nutt.) Scribn. & Merr. about 600-800 ft from Antioch Bridge over Daddy's 

-1 TIT lom Creek, in a shrub-dominated community, 3 Oct 1968, 

Calamagrostis longifolia Hook FI^Bor.-Amcr. 2. 241. 840. Delgadillo & Meijer 42409 [HT: US- 

T-Specnn.:lotL Canada: Saskatchawan, no date, T: ^81796, IT: ISC, LAP, TAES, TENN, US]. T- 



36 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



Specim.; I of 1. USA: Tennessee: Cmiiberland Co.: ca. 
8 mi NNE of Crab Orchard, off of old grave 1 road 
from Crab Orchard lo Rockwood, dowiistrcam about 
600-800 n from Antioch Bridge over Daddy's Creek, 

in a slirub-doiiiinatcd coiiiniunily, 3 Oct \96?t, Rogers, 
Sharp, Delgadillo & Meijer 42409 [HT; US-281796; 
IT: ISC, LAF, TAES, TENN, US-74241]. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Rogers, K. E. 

(1970). 

Calamovilfa brevipilis (Torr.) Scribn., True Grasses 113. 

1890. Basionym: Anmdo brevipilisTorr. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Femald. M. 

(1950); Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); 

Gleason, IL A. & A. Cronquist (I99I), Godfrey, R. 

K. & J. W. Wooten (1979); Hitchcock, A. S, (1951); 

Radford, A. E., H. E. Allies & C. R. Bell (1968); 

Rogers, K. E. (1970); Small, J. K, (1933); Thicrct, J. 

W. (1966). 
SYN.: Ammophila brevipilis (Torr.) Benth, ex Vasey; 

Arundo brevipilis Torr.; Calamagrostis brevipilis 
(Torr.) L.C. Beck; Calamovilfa brevipilis var. 
brevipilis; Calamovilfa brevipilis var. calvipes 
Fern aid; Calamovilfa brevipilis var. heterolepis 
Fernald; Calamovilfa brevipilis var. typica Fcrnald. 

Calamovilfa brevipilis (Torr.) Scribn. var. brevipilis. 
REPLACED NAME: Calamovilfa brevipilis var. typica 

Fernald. 
= Calamovilfa brevipilis (Torr.) Scribn. 

Calamovilfa brevipilis var. calvipes Fernald, Rhodora 

41(490): 501-502, pi. 573, f. 1-2, map 9. 1939. T- 
ProtoL: Fernald <i Long 8548 [HT: GH; IT: PI I]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L USA: Virginia; Greensville Co., 15 
1938, M.L Fernald A B.II. Long 8548 [HT: GH; IT: 
US-3168573 (fragm. ex GH), US-1912828]. 
= Cnlamuvilfa brevipilis (Torr.) Scribn. 

Calamovilfa brevipilis var. heterolepis Fernald, Rliodora 

41(490): 502, pi. 573, f 4. 1939. T-Protol.: [USA]: 
North Carolina: Harnett Co.: edge of swamp between 
Coats and Erwin, 15 Jul 1935, Correll & Blomcpdst 
2539 [H'Y: GH]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: North 
Carolina- Harnett Co., 15 Jul 1935,^,5. Correll & 
ILL. Blomcpdst 2539 [HT; GH; IT: US-2207854]. 
= Calamovilfa brevipilis (Torr.) Scribn. 

Calamovilfa brevipilis var. typica Fernald, Rhodora 41: 502. 

1939. 
NOTE: nom. inval., see ICBN Art 24.3. 
CORRECT NAME: Calamovilfa brevipilis var. brevipilis. 
= Calamovilfa brevipilis (Torr ) Scribn. 

Calamovilfa curtissii (Vasey) Scribn., Bull. Div. Agroslol., 

U.S.D.A. 17: 199. f 495. 1899. B^s\onym:Ammophila 

curtissii VnsQy, 

DST.; USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (19S6), Godfrey, R. K. 

& J. W. Wooten (1979), Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 

Johnson, A. E. & A. BIyth (1988); Rogers, K. E. 

(1970), Small, J. K. (1933); Thicrct, J. W. (1966); 
Wunderlin, R. P. (1998). 



SYN.: Ammophila curtissii Vasey; Calamagrosfis curtissii 

(Vasey) Vasey. 

Calamovilfa ^ijiantea (Nutt.) Scribn. & Merr., Circ, Div. 

Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 35: 2. 1901. Basionym: 
Calamagroslis giganiea Nutt. 

DST.:Cana,USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Correll, D. S, & 

M. C. Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. H. 

Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); 

Great Plains Flora Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. 

S. (1951); Rogers, K. E. (1970); Thicrct, J. W. 

(1966). 
SYN.; Catamagrostis gigantea Nutt. 

Calamovilfa loiigifolia (Hook.) Hack, ex Scribn., True 

Grasses 1 13. 1890. Basionym: Calamagroslis 
longifolia Hook. 
DST.:Cana, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Fernald, M. (1950); Gleason, H. A. 

& A. Cronquist (1968); Great Plains Flora 

Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Moss, 
E. H. (1983); Rogers, K. E. (1970); Scoggan, IL J, 
(1978 [1979]); Thieret, J. W. (1966); Voss, E. G. 
(1972). 
SYN.: Afhcrnotus longifohus (Hook.) Lunell; 

Calamagrosfis longifolia I look . ; Vilfa rigida 
Buckley. 

Calamovilfa longifolia (Hook.) Hack, ex Scribn. var. 

longifolia. 
DST.: Cana. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 

(1968), Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1991); 
Hitchcock, C L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey & J, W. 
Thompson (1969); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 [1979]); 
Thieret,J. W. (1966). 

Calamovilfa longifolia var. magna Scribn. & Mcrr,, Circ. 

Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 35: 3. 1901. T-ProtoL: 
Michigan: collected on the lake shore at tlicmouth of 
the Kalamazoo river, 1894, W.A. Taylor s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Michigan: Allegan Co.: lake 
shore at the moulh of the Kalamazoo River, 1894, 
W.A. Taylor SM. [HT: US-207yi2J. 

DST,: Cana. USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Gleason, IL A. 

& A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. 

Cronquist (1991); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Scoggan, 

H. J. (1978 [1979J); Thieret, J. W. (1966); Voss, E. 
G. (1972). 

Calanthera Hook., Hooker's J, Bot. Kew Gard, Misc. 8: 18, 

1856. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Boutcloua Lag. 

Calanthera dactyloides (Nutt.) Kunth ex Hook., Hooker's J. 

Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 8: 18. 1856. Basionyjn:&^/e/'/a 
dactyloides'Hwii. 
- BouteiouH dactyloides (Nutt.) Columbus. 

Calotheca barbataN^cs, Fl. Bras. Fnum. PI. 2: 477. 1829. T- 

Protol.; Brasilia: habitat in graminosis irriguis, Campo 






Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



37 



mimoso dictis, prov Piauhianae passim, Martins s.n. 
T-Specim.: I of L Brazil: Piauhy: in graminosis 
irriguis, no A^Xc,Martius s.n. [HT: M; IT: B, B.'VA-467 

(fragm. ex B). K, LE-TRIN^2543.01a (mis, Nees ab 
Es. 1830), MO-21 12275, US-A865750 (fragm. ex M)]. 
= Neesiocliloa barbata (Nees) Pilg. 

Calotheca cuspidata Sprcng., Syst. Veg. 1: 348. 1825. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa cuspidata Roth. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa cuspidata Nutt 
= Eragrostis rufcsccns var. rufcscens. 

Calotheca purpurascens (Muhl.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 348. 

1825. Basionym: Briza purpurascens Muhl. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Calotheca sabulosa Stcud., Flora 12(2): 488. 1829. T-Protol.: 

South Africa: Cape of Good Wopt, Eckl on 944. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L South Africa: Capc,£cA7c^/? 944 [HT: 

P]- 
= Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunlh. 

Calothcria Steud., Syn. IM. Glumac. 1: 199. 1854. 
NOTE: insyn. sub Enncapogon elegans. 
= Enneapogon Desv. ex P. Benuv. 

Calycodon Nutt., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 4: 23. 21 

Mar-4 Apr 1848. TYPE: Calycodon montanumNuil 
-Muliknbcrgia Schreb. 

Calycodon montanum Nult., J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 

scr. 2, 1: 186. 1848. T-Protol.: Hab. in the Rocky Mts., 
near Santa Fc, Mexico. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: New 
Mexico: near Santa Fe, W. Gambel s.n. [HT: BM]. 
= MuhliMibergfa montana (Nutt.) Hitciic. 

Campuloa Desv., Mem. Soc. Agric. Angers I: 167. 1813. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl.; also in Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 

63 [reprint] 1831-1833. 
= Ctenium Panz. 

Campuloa chapadcnsis Trin. ex Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 74. 

1878. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Ctenium chapadense. 
^ Ctenium chapatlcnse (Trin.) Doll. 

Campuloa gracilis Desv., J. Bot. (Desvaux) 69. 1813. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. 
CORRECT NAME: Chloris monostachya Michx. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Campuloa monostachya (Michx.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. 

Veg, 2: 516. 1817. Basionym: CWom monostachya 

Michx, 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Campulosus Desv., Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 2: 

189. 1810. TYPE: Campulosus gracilior Desv. 
NOTE: nom. rejic. 
= Ctenium Panz. 

Campulosus aromaticus Trin. ex Steud., Nomcncl. Bot. (ed. 

2) 1: 272. 1840. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. South Carolina 
[OM:LE:TRIN-2068.01]. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Campulosus monostachys. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Campulosus aromaticus (Walter) Scribn., Mem. Torrey Bot. 

Club 5(4): 45. 1894. Basionym: Aegilops aromatica 

Walter. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 



Campulosus brachystachyus Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum, PL 2: 

417-418. 1829. T-Protol.: Brasilia habitat ignoto, 
Sellow s.n. [HT: B]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil, no date, 
F. Sellow s.n. [HT: B; IT: US-2606902 (fragm. ex B)]. 
= Ctenium brachystachyum (Nees) Kunlh. 

Campulosus chapadensis Trin., Sp. Gram. 3: t. 303. 1831. T- 

Protol.: Brazil: Figura ad specimen Brasilianum, T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 2. Brazil [IT: K]. 2 of 2. Brazil [HT: LE- 
TRIN 2070.02]. 
= Ctenium chapadense (Trin.) Doll. 

Campulosus cirrosus Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 416-417. 

1829. T-Protol, : Brasilia: habitat in campis elatioribus, 
3000 pedum alt., inter Villa Rica et Tejuco, prov. 
Minarum, Majo-Junio, Martins s.n. [HT: B]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Minas Gerais: in campis 
elatioribus, 3000 pedum alt., inter Villa Rica et Tejuco, 
May-Jun, K.F.P. von Martins s.n, [IT:US: US- 
2606904 (fragm. ex B)]. 

= Ctenium cirrosum (Nees) Kuntli. 

Campulosus Jloridanus Hitchc, Amer. J. Bol. 2: 306. 1915. 

T-Specim.: I of L USA: Florida, 1^75, A.H. Curtiss 
s.n. [HT:US-726521]. 
= Ctenium floridanum (Hitchc.) Hitchc. 

Campulosus gangitis (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 764. 

1891 . Basionym: Nardus gangitis L. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph, Wood. 

Campulosus gracilior Desv., Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. 

Paris 2: 189. 1810. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. et supertL for Chloris monostachya 

Michx. 
REPLACED NAME: Chloris monostachya Michx. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Campulosus gracilis Bertol., Mem. Rcale Accad. Sci. 1st. 

Bologna 2: 602, t. 43, f. a-c. 1850. T-Protol.: USA: 
Alabama. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Campulosus monostachyus (Michx.) P. Beauv., Ess. 

Agrostogr. 64, 157, 158, t, f. 1. 1812. Basionym: 
Chloris monostachya Michx. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Campulosus planifolius J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 287. 

1830. T-Protol.: Hab. in Mexico, Haenke s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, Haenke s.n. [HT: PR; IT: 
MO-1990361, US-2607350 (fragm.)], 

= Ctenium planifulium (J. Presl) Kunth. 

Campulosus plnmosus Hitchc, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 17(3): 

330. 1913. T-Protol.: Mexico: Sinaloa: Cerro 
Colorado, vicinity of Culican, 5 Nov 1904, T.S. 
Brandegee [HT: 'uS-555998]. T-Specim.: 1 of I. 
Mexico: Sinaloa: Cerro Colorado, vicinity of Culicin, 
5 Nov 1904, T.S. Brandegee 7 [HT: US-555998]. 
= Ctenium plumosum (Hitchc.) Swallen. 

Capriola Adans., Fam. PI. 2: 31, 532. 1763. IWV.Capriola 

dactylon (L.) Kuntze. 

NOTE: nom. rejic. against Cynodon L.C. Rich. 1805. 
= Cynudon Rich. 

Capriola dactylon (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 764. 1891, 

Basionym: Panicum dactylon L. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers, 



38 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Capriola dactylon (L.) llilchc. Annual Rep. Missouri Dot. 

Gard. 1893: 147. 1893. Biis.\onym: Panicum dactylon 

L. 
NOTE: isonym. 
E. NAME: Capriola dactylon (L) Kuntze. 

= Cynotloii dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Capriola dactylon \^x. marilima (Kunth) llitchc, U.S.D.A. 

Bull. (1915-23) 772: !79. 1920. Basionym:C>/7oJort 
marltimus Kuntli. 
= Cynodon maritimus Kunth. 

Casiostcga Galeotli, Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxclies 9: 232. 

1842. 
NOTE: nom. niid. 

Casiostega dactyloides^HuW) E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. 

Bclgique 15; 470. 1876. Basioiiyni: Sesleria 



( 



lactyloidesNuiX. 



= Bouteloua daclyloides (Null.) Columbus. 

Casioslcga hookeri Rupr. ex E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. 

Bclgiquc 15:47L 1876. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Bucliloc dactjioides (Nutt.) 

Engclm, 

= Boiiteloua dactyloides (Nutt.) Columbus. 

Catahrosa micrantha Hochst. ex A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 

426. 1851. T-Protol.: Abyssinia,/*/. Schimp. Abyss,, 
sect I, 40 L 

NOTE: nom. inva!,, as syn. o^Poa sporoboloides A. Rich. 

= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Cathestecum J. Prcsl, Rcliq. Ilaenk. 1(4-5): 294, t. 42. 1830. 

TYPE: Cathestecum prosiratum J. Presl. 
= Boiiteloua Lag. 

Cathestecum ammum Swallen, J. Wash. Acad. Sci, 27(12): 

497. 1937. T-Protol.: Mexico: Guerrero: Balsas, on 
open gra\clly ground, 1500 R, 9 Sep 1910,^. S. 
Hitchcock 6776 [=Amer. Gr Nat. Herb. 393] [IIT: 
US-1 720269]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Guerrero: 

Balsas, 9 Sep 1910,.^. S. Hitchcock 6776 [^Amcr. Gr 
Nat. Herb. no. 393] [IIT: US-1 720269; IT: MO- 

790204, MO-2959034, US-726629]. 

= Bouteloua griffitlisii Columbus. 

Cathestecum brevifolium Svvallen, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 

27(12): 500. 1937. T-Protol.: Mexico: Jalisco: Tequila, 
on thin gravelly soil, 5 Oct 1893, CC. Pringle 4559 
[HT: US-884043J. T-Spcciin.: 1 ofl. Mexico: Jalisco: 
Tequila, on thin gravelly soil, 5 Oct 1893, C.G. 

Pringle 4559 [HT; US-884043, IT: MO-2959035, US- 
821160, US-747968]. 

= B(»u<eloua divcrsispicula Columbus. 

Cathestcciini hrevifoinwi Swallcn var. brevifolium. 

= Boutuloua divcrsispicula Columbus. 

Cathestecum erecium Vasey & Mack., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

It: 37, t. 45. 1884. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas: 
Bone Spring (Tornillo Cr.), between El Paso and 
Presidio, Aug 1883, V. Havard 2 \\J\ US-884020; 
ILT: 884019], LT designated by ?. 
= Bouteloua crccta (Vasey & Hack.) Columbus. 

Cathestecum multifidum Griffiths, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

14(3): 360, f. 24. 1912. T-Prutol.: Mexico: Guerrero: 
Iguala, 9 Sep 1909, Griffiihs s.n, [IIT; US]. T-Specim.: 



1 of 1. Mexico: Gucrro: Iguala, 9 Sep 1909, D. 
Griffiths s.n. [HT: US-2489485; IT: F, US-81732]. 
= Bouteloua multifidum (Griffiths) Columbus. 

Cathestecum prostratum J, Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 295, 

t. 42. 1830. T-Protol. : Hab. in Ut\\cof!acnke s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, no date, T. Haenke s.n. [IIT: 
PR; IT: LE-TRIN-2209.01, US-2489484 (fragm, ex 

PR)]. 

= Bouteloua griffithsii Columbus. 

Cathestecum stoloniferum (E. Fourn.) Griffiths, Contr. U.S. 

Natl. Herb. 14(3): 362, f 26. 1912. Basionym: 
Athcropogon stolonifer E. Fourn. 
-Bouteloua rcederorum Columbus. 

Cathestecum varium Swallcn, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 27(12): 

498. 1937, T-Protol.: Mexico: Puebla: Tehuacan, on 
dry soilunder mesquite, 9 Aug 1910,/(. S. Hitchcock 
6072 [=Amer. Gr. Nat. Herb. 395] [HT: US-1720270]. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Puebla: Tehuacan, on dry 
soil under mesquile, 9 Aug 1910, /I. i'. Hitchcock 6072 
f-Amer Gr Nat. Herb. 395] [HT: US 1720270; IT: 
MO-790200, US-726631]. 
= Bouteloua varia (Swallcn) Columbus. 

Cenchrus racemosus L., Sp. PL 2: 1049. 1753. T-Protol.: 

Habitat in Europa australioris maritimis. T-Specim.: 1 
of 2. Herb. Purser 1: 5 [IT: UPS]. IT designated by 
Scholz in Cafferly et al., Taxon 49(2): 249 (2000). 2 of 
2. flT: LINNT217.183 [1-3]], LT cited by Sherif & 
Siddiqui, Fl. Libya 145: 336 (1988)], but ineffective as 
this is not original material [see Scholz in CafFerty et 
al.,Ta.\on49(2): 149(2000). 
= Tragus racemosus (L.) All. 

Centotheca malabarica (L.) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. l(Suppl.): 

385. 1906. Basionym: Poa malabarica L. 
NOTE: nom. rej., basionym rej. [ICBN art. 56. 2J. 
= Leptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Ceytosis Munro, J. Linn. Soc. But. 6: 54. 1862. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Crypsis Alton. 



Chaboissaea E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 112. 1886. 

TYPE: Chaboissaea ligulata E. Fourn. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NHT: Muhlenbcrgiinac, NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 4. 

CNSLTD. LIT.: Peterson, P. M. & Y. Herrera A., (1995); 



Chaboi 



Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annable , (1992). 



atacamensis (Parod'i) P.M. Peterson & 



Annable, MadroHo 39(1): 19. 1992. Basionym: 
Muhlcnbergia atacamensis Parodi. 
DST.: Arge, Boli. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPfD. BY: Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annable 

(1992); Peterson, P. M. & Y. Herrera A. (1995); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000), Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, 

Z. E. Riigolo dc Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. Pensiero & 

A.M. Cialdella (1994). 

SYN.: Muhlenbergia atacamensis Parodi; ^fuhlenbergia 

atacamensis var. atacamensis, Muhlenbergia 
atacamensis var. brachyanthera Parodi. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



39 



Chaboissaca decumbcns (Swallen) Reeder & C. Reeder, 

Phytologia 65(2): 156. 1988. URS\Cinym:Mnhlenbergia 
decwnhens Swallen. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000). Peterson, P. M. 
& C. R. Annable (1992); Peterson, P. M. & Y. 
Herrera A. (1995); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Muhlanbergia decumbens Swallen. 

Chaboissaca ligulata E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 1 12t. 1. 1886. 

T-Protol.: Mexico: San Luis de Potosi, Virlet. T- 
Speciin.: 1 of 1. Mexico: San Luis Potosi, \%5\,Virlet 
d'Aousts.n. [HT: P; IT: US-A865709 (fragm. ex P)]. 
DST,: Mexi. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); McVaugh, R. (1983); 
Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annable (1992), Peterson, P. 
M. & Y. Herrera A. (1995); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Mulilenbergia ligulata (E. Fourn.) Scribn, & Merr. 

Chaboissaca subbiflora (Hitchc.) Reeder & C. Reeder, 

Phytologia 65(2): 156. 19^8. B^shnym.Muhlenbcrgia 
subbiflora Hitchc. 
DSL; Mexi. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Peterson, P. M. 
& C. R. Annable (1992), Peterson, P. M. & Y. 
Herrera A. (1995); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Mulilenbergia subbiflora Hitchc. 

Chaetaria aniillarum (Poir.) P. Beauv. ex Rocni. & Schult., 

Syst. Veg. 2: 395. 1817. Basionym: Aristida 
aniillarum Poir. 
= Boutcloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

Chascolytrum barbatum (Nces) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 373. 

1 833. Basionym: Calotheca harbata Nees. 
= Neesiochloa barbata (Nees) Pilg. 



Chloridoideae subfam. Burmeist.j Handb. 

1837. TYPE: CWr;raSw. 
NOTE: isonym, as "Cblorideae'V 



Nat urges eh 



205 



Chauvinia Steud., Syn. PI. Gluniac. I: 362. 20-21 Jul 1854 

("1855"). TYPE: Chauvinia chilensis Stcud. 

NOTE: later horn., non Bory 1829. 
^ Spartina Schreb 

Chauvinia chilensisSicud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 362. 1854. T- 

Specim.: 1 of L Chile: Concepci6n, no d'dit.J.S.C.D. 
DVrville s.n. [HT: P; IT: US-A865687 (fragm. ex P)]. 
= Spartina dcnsiflora Brongn. 

Chlorideae fam. Bercht. & J. PresI, Prir. Rostlin 265. 1820. 
NOTE: nom, inval., Art. 33.5. 

Chlorideae trib. Trin.. Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 117. 1824 [late 

Oct or 1 Nov], 

Chloridinae subtrib. J. Prcsi, Reliq. llacnk. 1(4-5): 286. 1830. 

TYPE:CWomS\v. 
NOTE: as "Chlorideae". 



Chloridoideae subfam. Kunth ex Bcilschm., Flora 

16(2): 52, 105. 1833. 
NOTE: ref. to Kunth sect. Chlorideae [apparently 1815], 

supplying description. 
TRTD. BY: Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. 

Judzicwicz, P. M. Peterson, and F. O. Zuloaga. 



Chloridopsis Hack., Nat. Pflanzenfam. 2(2): 59. 1887. 
NOTE: insyn. sub Trichloris blanchardiana. 
= Trichloris E. Fourn. ex Benth. 



Chloris Sw., Prodr. 1, 25. 1788. TYPE: C///om cruciata 

(L.) Sw. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NHT; Cynodonteae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 35 SUBSP.: 10. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Anderson, D. E., (1974). 

SYN.: Actinochloris Slcud.; Agrostomia Cerv.; Apogon 

Stcud.; Chloris subg, Pterochloris A. Camus; 

Chlorostis Raf ; Geopogon Steud.; Heterolepis 
Ehrenb. ex Boiss.; Phacellaria Willd. ex Steud.; 
Pterochloris (A. Camus) A. Camus. 

Chloris abyssinica Hochst. ex A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 

406. 1851 [1850]. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Ethiopia: Tigray, 
Adoua, 20 Sept 1837, 5c7nm/?er, pi Schimp. Abyss., 
sect, I 79 [ST: P; 1ST: K, US-3243722, WAG]. 2 of 3. 
Ethiopia (Djeladjeranne), Schimper, pi, Schimp, 
Abyss., sect. Ill ISOO [ST: P; 1ST: K, US-3243723]. 3 
of 3. Abyssinia (Adoua), Quartin Dillon s.n, [ST; P]. 
= Chloris gayana Kunth. 

Chloris accumbens Hack, ex Arcchav., Analcs Mus. Nac. 

Montevideo 5: 391. 1896. T-Protol.: Uruguay, ^rec/?. 
s n, [T: W]. as Chloris berroi. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn, of Chloris berroi Arecliav.; 



Index of Grass Species collat. 1: 391. 
berroi Arechav. 



= Chl 



Chloris acuminata Jnn.^ Sp, Gram. 3: t 305. 183 L T-Prolol.: 

Brazil: "Figura ad specimen Brasilianum,". T-Specim.: 
1 of 1. Brazil, G.H. von Langsdorff s.n. [HT: LE- 
TRlN-2075.01 (& fig.); IT: US-80848 (fragm. ex 
LE)]. 
= Eustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nees. 

Chloris affinis Caro & E.A. Sanchez, Kurtziana 6: 224, f 2. 

197L T-Protol.: Argenina: Tucuman, R. Schreiter 

8367, 
DST.: Arge. 
LVL. ACCPIC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Zuloaga. F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. 

Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morronc, J. Pcnsicro & A. M. 
Cialdella(1994), 

Chloris alba J. Presl, Reliq. llacnk. 1(^-5): 289. 1830. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: Hab. in Mexico, Haenke s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Mexico, no date, T. Haenke s.n. [T: 
(fragm., US-2830891)]. 

= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris alba var. aristulata Torr., Pacif Railr. Rep. 4: 155. 

1857. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: Banks of the Upper Rio 
Grande: Oct, [Emory Exped.J s.n. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris alberta Regel, Acta Horti Petrop. 7: 650. 188L T- 

Prolol.: Mongolia occidental! propc Takiansi, Regel 
s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. China: near Takiansi: lOOO'alt, 
24 Aug 1878, Regel A. s.n. [HT: LF]. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 



40 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



Chloris andropogoiioides E. Fourn., Mexic. PL 2; 143. Chloris arund'macea Nees ex Steud., Syn. PI. Gluinac. 1: 

207. 1854. T-Protol.; Legit in Brasilia, &//oh' s.n. T- 
Specim.; 1 of 1. Brazil, no datc,F. Sellow s.n. [HT: B; 
IT: BAA-652 (fragm. ex B), US-2830894 (fragm.)]. 
= Chloris data Dcsv. 

Chloris baliicnsis Steud., Syn, PI. Gluinac. 1: 208. 1854. T- 

Protol.: Bahia[ST: Hb. Moricand], T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Brazil: 'Qdhi^ Salzmann s.n. (Mordicand Herb. 2242) 
[ST: P; IT: US-2639951 (fragm. ex P), K, MO- 
1 837389, BAA (fragm. ex MO)]. 
- Eustachys paspaloidcs subsp. caribaea (Spreng.) 

Nowack. 

Chloris bahiensis Nowack fo. bahiensis. 
= Eustachys caribaea (Spreng.) Herter. 

Chloris bahiensis fo. glabrescens Hack., Repert. Spec. Nov. 

Rcgni Veg. 8: 46. 1910. T-Prolul.: Paraguay: Sep 
l909,Fiebrig 4575 [T: herb. Ilassler]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 
1. Paraguay: Nordl. Paraguay, 22-23 lat., entrc Rio 

Apa y AquidabAn, Nicdcrcin camp, leiwaldinscl, Sep 
1909, K. Fiehrig 4575 [HT: W; IT: BAA, G, L, US- 
80855 (fragm.)]. 
= Eustachys paspaloidcs subsp. caribaea (Spreng.) 

Nowack. 

Chloris barbata Sw., Fl. Ind. Occid. 1 : 200. 1 797. 
NOTE: nom. nov., as comb., but the cited basionym is a 

hom. illec. 



1886. T'Protol.: Mexico: San Luis de Potosi, Virlet 
1462. T-Specim.: I of I. Mexico: San Luis Potosi, 
1851, Virlet 1462 [HT: P; IT: US-80845 (fragm.)]. 

DST.:Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Anonymous 

(1986); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); 
Corrcll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); Espcjo 
Scrna, A., A, R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna 
(2000);Hitchcock,A. S. (1951). 

SYN.: Chloris tcmiispica Nash. 

Chloris angustiflora F. Aresch., PI. Itin. Fugenia 3: 118. 

1910- T-ProtoL: Ecuador: In insula Pun?i, Andersson, 
NJ. 23. T-Spccini.: 1 of 1. 00/00/1852, l^Andcrsson 

[HT:S]. 
= Eiilcropugou mollis (Nees) Clayton. 

Chloris anisopoda Scribii. ex B.L. Rob., Proc. Amer. Acad. 

Arts 38: 118. 1902. T-Protol.: Ecuador: Galapagos 
Iskinds: Charles Island., fiaw/- 333, T-Spccim.: 1 of 2, 
GalapagOi> Islands, Jun 1891, G. Baur 333 [ST: GH; 
1ST; US-2830887 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Galapagos Islands, 
May 1899, /?.£. Snodgrass & E.G. Heller 459 [ST: 
GH; 1ST; US-2830885 (fragm.)]. 
= Entcropogon mollis (Nees) Clayton. 

Chloris anoplia (Nees) E. Fourn. ex Hems!., Biol. Cent.- 

Amcr., Bol. 3(19); 558. 1885. Bas\onym\ Lepiochloa 
anoplia Nees. 
= Lc|)tocliloa anoplia Nees. 

Chloris arciiaria Hitchc. & Ekman, Man. Grasses W. Ind. 

131. 1936. T-ProtoL: Cuba: Prov. Pinar del Rio: 
collected in pinelands on white sand, La Grifa, 14 Jun 
1920, Ekman 11253 [ilf: US-1387449]. T-Specim.: 1 
of L Cuba: Pinar del Rio: La Grifa, 14 Jun \92(},E.L 
Ekman 11253 [HT: US-1387449; IT: F, K, NY- 
70982]. 
DST,: Cari. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D, E. (1974); Catasus 

Gucrra, L. (1985); Catasus Gucrra, L. (1997); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1936). 
SYN.: Chloris elcuslnoides v^r.vestita Grccnm. ex Combs. 

Chloris argentina (Hack, ex Stuck.) Lillo & Parodi, Physis 

(Buenos Aires) 4: 180. 1918. Basionym: Chloris 
distichophylla var. argentina Hack, ex Stuck. 
= Eustachys rctusa (Lag.) Kunth. 

Chloris argenfincnsis (Hack, ex Stuck.) Lillo & Parodi, 

Revista Fac. Agron. Vctcrin. (Buenos Aires) 2: 283, 

1919. Basionym: Chloris distichophylla \ar. argentina 

Hack, ex Stuck. 
NOTE; hom. ilieg. 
E. NAME: Chloris argentina (Hack, ex Stuck.) Lillo & 

Parodi. 
= Eustachys rctusa (Lag.) Kunth, 

Chloris aristata (Cerv.) Swallen, N. Amer. Fl. 17(8); 596. 

1939. Basionym: Agrostomia aristata Cerv. 
— Chloris rufescciis Lag. 



Chloris aristida Salzm. ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1:218 

1854. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn, oi Gymnopogonfoliostis Nees, 

= Cymnnpngoii foliosus (Willd.) Nees, 



REPLACED NAME; Andropoguu barl)atus L. 
BLOCKING NAME; Andrupogon barbalus L. 
DST,: Arge, Beli, Braz, Cari, Colo, CuRi, Ecua, FrGu, 

Guya, Hond, Mexi, Pana, Para, Peru, Suri, USA, 

Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Adams, C D. (1972); Bor, N. L. 

(1960); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); Davidse, 
C, M, Sousa S. & S. Knapp (1998-); Doll, J, C 
(1878); Fosberg, F. R. (1976); Jorgensen. P, M. & S, 
Lcon-Yancz (eds.) (1999), Judzicwicz, E. J. (1990); 
Kartesz, J. T. & K. N. Gandhi (1992); Lazaridcs, M. 
(1961), Lazarides, M. (1972); Phillips, S. (1995); 
Rcnvoize, S. A. (1984); Rutenberg. C (1880-1889); 
Smith, L. B., D. C Wasshauscn & R. M. Klein 
(1981), Tovar, 6. (1993), Wundcrlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Audropogon barbatus L.; Chloris barbata var. 

dixaricata Knntze; Chloris injlata Link; Chloris 

longifolia Steud_; Chloris paraguaiensis Steud.; 
Chloris rufescens Steud. 

Chloris barbata (L.) Nash, Bull. Torrcy Bot. Club 25; 443. 

1898. Basionym: Andropogon barbatus L. 
NOTE; hom. illcg. 
E. NAME; Chloris barbata Sw. 
= Chk)ris data Dcsv. 

Chloris barbata var. decora (Nees ex Slcud.) Bcntli,, Fl. 

Austral. 7; 613. 1878. Basion>ni;C///c;Wj t/ecom Nees 

ex Steud, 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris barbata var. divaricata Kuntze, Rcvis. Gen. PI. 2: 

771. 189L T-Specim.: 1 of 1 Indo-CIiina; Annam; 
Turong, fcb 1875, Kuntze I64I [HT: NY; IT: K]. 
= Chloris barbata Sw. 

Chloris barbata wixr.formosana Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 

40: 437. 1926. T-Specim.; I of 2. Taiwan: Takao, 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



41 



1905, Nakahara 635 [ST]. 2 of 2. Bachu, 1919, Chloris breviahstafa (Hack, ex Kiitz.) Herter, Revista 



Hayata s.n. [ST], 
= Chloris formosana (Honda) Kciig. 

Chloris bcriizainiae Cat. Gucrra, Acta Bot. Cub. 25: 5. 1985. 

T-Protol.: Cuba: Provincia de Santiago de Cuba: 
Alcarraza, Sierra Maestra, 22 Jul 1974, L. Catasih 553 
[HT: R\C]. 

NOTE: as Chloris "bcrazainae". 

DST.:Cari. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Catasus Guerra, L. (1985); Catasus 

Giierra, L. (1997). 

Chloris bcrroi Arechav., Aiiales Mus. Nac. Montevideo 1: 

388, t. 44. 1896. T-Prolol.: Uruguay: Vera, Dcpt. 

Soriano, en terrenes sccos, aridos. Mi?. Berro s.n. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of I. Uruguay: Soriano, Dec-Apr, MB. 

Berro 6385 [IT: US-879335]. 

DST,: Argc, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Anonymous 

(1986); Burkart, A, (1969); Cabrera, A. L. (1970); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Rosengurlt, B., B. R. 

Arrillaga de Maffci & P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); 

Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de 

Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella 

(1994). 

SYN,: Chloris accumbens Hack, ex Arechav. 

Chloris beyrichiana Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 89, 289. 1829. 

T-ProtoL: Brazil: Crescit in Brasiliae graminosls, 
prope Rio Janeiro. T-Specim.; 1 of 1. Brazil: 
Guanabara: prope Rio de Janeiro, no date, HC. 
Beyrichs.n. [T: (fragm., US-2830902)]. 
= Chloris pycnothrix Trin. 

Cldoris beyrichiana Steud., Nomcncl. Bot. 1: 353. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Chloris pycnothris Trin. 

1824. 
= Chloris pycnothrix Trin. 

Chloris bijlora Regel, Annot. Bot. Ind. Sem. 28. 1863. 

NOTE: noni. inval., as syn. of Chloris radiaia (L.) Sw. 

= Chloris radiata (L,) Sw. 



Chloris bolivi 



Renvoize, Gram. Bolivia 247, f 74. 



1998. T-Protol.: Bolivia: Bcni: Ballivian, Espiritu, 

Reuxoize 4704 [HT: LPB; IT: K]. 
DST.: Boli. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Renvoize, S. A. (1998). 

Chloris brachyathera (Hack, ex Parodi) Hcrtcr, Revista 

Sudamer. Bot. 6: 146. 1940. B^sxonym.Chloris ciliaia 
var. brachyathera Hack, ex Parodi. 

NOTE: cf Gray Herb. Card Cat. 

= Chloris ciliata Sw. 

Cldoris brachystachys Andcrsson, Naturw. Reise 

Mossambique 556. 1864. 
REPLACED NAME: Chloris alba J. Presl. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris brandegei (Vasey) Swallen, Amer. J. Bot. 22: 4L 

1935. Basionym: Diplachne brandegei Wascy, 

= Enteropogon brandegei (Vasey) Clayton, 



Sudamer. Bot. 6: 146. 1940. Basionym: Chloris 
polydactyla var. brevlaristata Hack, ex Kiitz. 

NOTE: cfr. Gray Herb. Card Cat. 

NOTE: possibly same as C. ciliata SW. note in Anderson 

1974. 

= Chloris polydactyla var. breviaristata Hack, ex Ktltz, 

Chloris brevighmis C. Wright, Anales Acad. Ci. Med. 

Habana 8: 200. 1871. T-Protol.: Cuba: [Canuela]: 



"sobrc piedras de las sabanas y en parages expuestos al 
sol y aridos, a la orilla de los rios.", Wright I848[error 
for 1548] [HT: GH], T-Specim.: 1 of I. Cuba: 
Canuela, 1860-1864, C Wright 1548 [HT: GH, US- 
80833 (fragm. ex GH & photo); IT: BM, G, NY- 
70893], Collection number cited erruneousl) as 1848 
in original publication. 
= Chloris cruciata (L.) Sw. 

Chloris brevipila Roseng. & Izag., Bol. Soc. Argent. Bot. 12: 

120, f 2. 1968. T-Protol.: Uruguay: Tacuaremb6: Ruta 
5 & Achar Tacnarembo, 12 Mar 1966,5. Rosengurtt, 
del Puerto & Marchesi 10173 [HT: MVFA]. 
= Eustachys brevipila (Roseng. & Izag.) Caro & E.A. 

Sanchez. 

Chloris brevispica Nash, Bull. Torrcy Bot. Club 25: 438. 

1898. T-Protol. : USA: Texas: Nueces Co.: 21 Mar 
1894, A.A. Heller 1471. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
Texas, Nueces Co., 21 Mar \mAJA. Heller 1471 [T: 
US-747615, US-2474329, US-821282]. 
= Chloris X subdolichostachya Mlill. Hal. 

Chloris calvescens Hack., Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 4(3): 

279. 1904. T-Protol.: Paraguay: in arenosis regione 
cursus superioris fluminis Apa: ]m\,Hassler 8369. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Paraguay: In arenosis in regione 
cursus superioris fluminis Apa, Ilassler 8369 [HT: G; 
IT: BAA, G, MO, US-879348 (fragm. ex G)], 
= Eustachys calvescens (I lack.) Caro & E A. Sanchez. 

Chloris cantcrae Arechav., Anales Mus. Nac. Montevideo I: 

385. 1896. T-Protol.: Uruguay: Abunda en los campos 
graminosos de Paysandu, en tierras bajas, frias.5'r. C 
B. Cantera. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Uruguay, Mar-Apr, J. 
Arechavaleta s.n. [LT: MVM; ILT: BAA, USS- 
879336], LT designated by Roscngurtt & Izaguirre, 
BoL Soc. Arg. Bot. 12: 124 (1968). 
NOTE: as "Chloris canterai'\ the ending correctable to ae. 
DST.: Arge, Braz. Para, USA, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: AUcm, A. C & J. F. M. Vails 

(1987); Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. (1987); 
Cabrera, A. L. (1970); Correll, D. S. & M. C 
Johnston (1970); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 
Roscngurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga de Maffei & P. 
Izaguirre de Artucio (1970), Smith. L. B., D. C 
Wasshausen & R. M. Klein (1981). 
SYN.: Chloris barbata Sw.; Chloris parodiana Roseng. &. 

Izag.; Chloris polydactyla fo. pauciradiata Kurtz; 

Chloris polydactyla fo. stolonifera Parodi. 

Chloris cantcrae Arechav. var. cantcrae. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Para, USA, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974). 

SYN.: Chloris parodiana Roseng. & Izag. 



42 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



Chloris capensls var. bahicnsis (Steud.) !\irodi, Rcvista 

Argent. Agron. 20: 26. 1953. Basionym: Chloris 
bahiensis Stciid. 
= Fustachys paspaloides subsp. caribaea (Spreng.) 

Nowack. 

Chloris capertsis var. glabrescens (Hack.) Parodi, Rcvista 

Argent. Agron. 20: 20. 1953. Basionym: Chloris 
bahiensis fo. glabrescens Hack. 
= Eustachys paspaloides subsp. caribaea (Sprciig.) 

Nowack. 

Chloris caribaea Spreng., Sysl. Veg. 1: 295. 1825. T-Protol.: 

Ins. Carib., Bcrtero s.n.. Locality perhaps in error, 
never found in the West Indies since the type 
collection, sec Nowack, 1995, T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. 
"West Indies", no dale, Anonymous [IT: lJS-879338 
(fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Guadeloupe, fi^nero s.n. [HT: B, IT: 
US (fragm. ex B)], (probabelmcnte erro por ser 
desconliecida nas Antilhas). 
= Eustachys paspaloides subsp. caribaea (Spreng.) 

Nowack. 

Chloris castilloniaiia Lillo & Parodi, Physis (Buenos Aires) 

4: 176, f 1-2. 1918. T-Protol.: Argentina: Amaiclia 
(vallc Calchaqui), 1800 x\\L. Castillo)} s.n. T-Specim.: 
1 of 1. Argentina: Tucuman, Dec 1914, L. Castillon 
3450 [IT: US-1256553J, Norn. nud. in Lillo, Fl, dc la 
Provinicia deTucuman, Gramineas, 1916. 
DST.: Arge, Boli. 
LVL. ACCPTC-; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Burkart, A. 

(1969); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. 
Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de Agrasar, O. Morronc, J. 
Pcnsiero & A. M. Cialdclla (1994). 

Chloris castllloniana Lillo & Parodi var. castilloniana. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

Chloris castilloniana var. pnbescens Caro & E.A. Sanchez, 

Kurtziana6: 230. 1971. 
DST.: Arge, 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. 

Rugolo dc Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. Pcnsiero & A. M. 
Cialdclla (1994). 

Chloris caudata Trin. ex Bungc, Enum. Pi. China Bor. 70. 

1833. T-Proto!.: Hab. prope Pekinuni". T-Specim.: 1 
of 1. N China, 1831, Bunge A. Herb.Lcdebour [IT: 
LE]. 
= Chloris virgata S\v. 

Chloris chloridea (J. PresI) Hitchc, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 

41: 162. 1928. Basionym: Dinebra chloridea i. PresL 
= Entcropogon chl()ridcus(J. PresI) Clayton. 

Chloris ciliata Sw., Prodr. 25. 1788. T-Prolof: West Indies: 

Jamaica, Swartz s.n. [HT: S]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 

Jamaica, OP. Swwtz sm. [HT: S; IT: BAA (fragm.), 
US-80821 (fragm. ex S)]. 
DST.: Arge, Beli, Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, Mexi, Nica, Para, 

USA, Urug, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C. D. (1972); Allem, A. C. 

& J. P. M. Vails (1987); Anderson, D. E. (1974); 

Anonymous (1986); Balick, M J., M. H. Nee & D. E. 

Atha (2000); Beetle; A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Breedlove. D. E. (1986); Burkart, A. (1969); 



Catasus Gucrra, L. (1985); Correll, D. S. & M. C. 
Johnston (1970); Cowan, C. P. (1983), Davidsc, G., 
M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (cditores generales) 
(1994); Doll, J. C. (1878); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); 
Filgueiras, T. S. (1999); Glcason, If A. & A. 

Cronquist (1968); Gould, F. W (1979); Hitchcock, A. 
S. (1909); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S, 
(1951), Lindeman, J, G & A. L. Stoffers (1963); 
Liogier, H. & L. Marlorcll (1982); McClure, F. A. 
(1955); Pohl, R. W. (1994); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); 
Rosengurtl, B., B. R. Arrillaga de MalTei & P. 

Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); Sousa S., M. & E. F. 
Cabrera C. (1983). 
SYN.: Andropogon pubescens Aiion^Cldoris brachyathera 

(Hack, ex Parodi) Hcrtcr; Chloris ciliata var, tcxana 
Vasey; Chloris nashii A. Heller; Chloris propinqua 
Steud.; Chloris texaua (Vasey) Nash; Cyuodou 
ciliatus (Sw.) Raspail. 

Chloris ciliata var. brachyathera Hack., Bol. Acad. Ci. 

(Cordoba) 16: 257. 1900. T-Proloi.: Argentina. 
NOTE: num. nud.; equals Chloris ciliata var. brachyathera 

Hack, ex Parodi. 
= Chloris ciliata var. ciiiala. 

Chloris ciliata var. brachyathera Hack, ex Parodi, Rcvista 

Fac. Agron- Veterin. (Buenos Aires) 2: 271. 1919. T- 
ProtoL: Argentina: Cordoba: San Roquc, Sierra Chica, 

1 2 Jan 1 88 1 , G. Hieronymus. 
= Chloris ciliata var. ciliata, 

Ctdoris ciliata fo. breviseta Hack. 
DST.: Arge. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. 

Rugolo dc Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. Pcnsiero & A. M. 
Cialdclla (1994). 

Chloris ciliata Sw. fo. ciliata. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

Chloris ciliata var. texana Vasey, U.S.D.A. Div. Bol. Bull. 

12(1): t. 30. 1890. T-Prolol.: USA: Texas: near 
Brownsville, AVi:^//ey^./7. [HT: US]. T-Specim.; I of 1. 
USA: Texas: near Brownsville, 1889, G.C. Nealley 
s.n. [HT:US-879016]. 
= Chloris ciliata Sw. 

Chloris clandestina Scribn. & Merr., Bull. Div. Agrostol., 

U.S.D.A. 24:25. 1901. 
REPLACED NAME: Gymnopogon longifolius E. Fourn. 
BLOCKING NAME: Chloris longifolia Steud. 
= Entcropogon chlorideus(J. PresI) Clayton. 

Chloris compressa DC, Cat. PI. Horti Mon^p. 94. 1813. T- 

Protol.: [Cult.; at Montpellier from S. America]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. "South America", Sep IS28 and 20 
Aug 182, A.P. de Candolle 4 [T: (fragm., US-2830890, 
US-80851)], Cultivated at montpellier southern france. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris confertifolia Trin., Neuc EiUdeck. Pflanzenk. 2: 74. 

I82L T-Protol.: "Hab. in insula Sanctae Catharinae.". 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Santa Catarina, GJL von 
LangsdorJfsM. [HT: LE?; IT: US-879359 (fragm.)]. 
= Eustachys distichophytla (Lag.) Nees. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



43 



Chloris consanguinea Kunlli, Rcvis. Gramiii. 1: 89. 1829. T- 

Protol.: Brasilia. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Chloris data Dcsv. 

Chhris crinita La- , Varied, Ci. 2(4): 143. 1805. T-Spccim.: 

1 of 1. Philippines; Ex Philippinis Iiisiilis [from Nee 
letter] [error for Mexico], Nee [HT: MA; IT: US- 
80822 (fragni. ex MA & drawing by Parodi)]. 
= Trichioris crinita (Lag.) Parodi. 

Chloris crinita Sal/ni. ex Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 64. 1878. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Chloris radiala (L.) Sw. 
E. NAME; Chloris crinita Lag. 
= Chloris radiata (L.) Sw. 

Chloris cruciata (L.) Sw., Prodr. 25. 1788. Basionym: 

Agrostis cruciata L. 

DST.; Cari. 

LVL. ACCPTC-: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Adams, C. D. (1972); Anderson, D. 

E. (1974); Catasns Guerra, L. (1985); Catasus 
Guerra, L. (1997); Hitchcock, A. S. (1909); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1936). 

SYN.: Agrostis cruciata L.; Chloris breviglumis C. Wright; 

Chloris humboldtiana ^{q\x<1 .\Cynodon cruciatus (L.) 
Raspail; Rhabdochloa cruciata (L.) P. Beauv,; Vilfa 
cruciata (L.) P. Bcauv. 

Chloris crypt OS tachya Stcud. ex J. A. Schmidt, Beitr. Fl, Cap 

Verd. Ins. 148. 1852. T-Protol.: Ethiopia: It. nubic. 
Cordofan, Hochstctter 23 [I If: P; IT: K]. 
= Enteropogon prieurii (Kunlh) Clayton. 

Chloris cuhensis Ilitchc. & Ekman, Man. Grasses W. Ind. 

131. 1936. T-Protol.: West Indies: Cuba: Oricnte: 
collected at Gamboa, 26 Aug 1922,£i. Ekman 14960 
[HT: US-1387446]. T-Spccim.: 1 of L Cuba: Oriente: 
Gamboa, 26 Aug 1922. E.L Ekman 14960 [HT: US- 
1387446; IT: HAC], CS. 
= Chloris sagracana subsp. cubcnsis (Hitchc. & Ekman) 

Cat. Guerra. 

Chloris cucullata Bisch,, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., ser. 3, 19: 

357. 1853. T-Protol.: Habitat Mexico boreali. Semina 
in Prov. Tamaulipas prope Matamoros lecta absque 
nomine, misil Dr. Engelmann \^A9,Anon. T-Specim.: 
1 of 1, Cultivated in Horto Botanico Heidelbcrgensis 
from seed collected near Matamoros, Tamaulipas, 
Mexico, and sent by Englemann in 1849, 1849..1//o^. 
[T]. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Anonymous 

(1986); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); 
Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); Davidsc, G., 
M. Sousa S. & S. Knapp (1998-); Espejo Serna, A., 
A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Great Plains Flora Association (1986), Hitchcock, A. 
S. (1951); Wundcriin, R. P. (1998). 

Chloris curtipcndula Michx., Fl. Bor-Amer, I: 59. 1803. T- 

Protol.: Hab. in aridis rcgionis lllinoensis ad Wabastet 
in rupibus ad prairie du rocher, \195,Michaux s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of I. USA: hauteurs du Missouri et Poste 
Vicenne, Michaux s.n. [HT: P, IT: US (fragm.)]. 
= Boutcloua curtipcndula (Michx.) Torr. 

Chloris cynodon Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 229. 1824. 



NOTE; nom. illcg. superfl. 

CORRECT NAME: Panicum dactylon L. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Chloris dandyana CD. Adams, Phytologia 21: 408. 1971. 

REPLACED NAME: Andropogon barbatm L. 

BLOCKING NAME: Chloris barbata Sw. 
= Chloris elata Dcsv. 

Chloris decora Nees ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 205. 

1854. T-Protol.: Nepal, Royle hrbr. 87, see notes. T- 
Specim.: 1 of I . Nepal, Royle 87 [IT: K]. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris digitaria Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 168. 1815 [1816]. 

T-Protol.: Peru: Crescit in temperatis inter 



Chontali ct Colazcy, 600 hcxap., prov. 



pago 
Jacn de 

EracamoroSj Hiimb. & Boupland s^n. T-Spccim.: I of 

1. Peru: Cajamarca, Aug, F.W.H.A. von Humboldt, 

A.J.A. Bonplands.n [T: US-2830889 (fragm.)]. 

= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 

Chloris distichophylla Lag., Gen. Sp. PI. 4. 1816. T-Protol.: 

Habitat in planitie Bonariciisi et in Chilensi Regno. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Argentina: Bonariensi planitie,L. Nee 
s.n, [HT: MA-252893, IT: BA, US-80825 (fragm. ex 
MA)]. 
= Eustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nees. 

Chloris distichophylla var, acuminata (Trin.) Hack., Bull. 

Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 4: 279. 1903. Basionym :C/7/om 
acuminata Trin. 
= Eustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nees. 

Chloris distichophylla woT.argentina Hack, ex Stuck., Anales 

Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 11: 113. 1904. T-Protol.: 
Argentina, ^/wcJte/-/ 11045 [T; Herb. Arg. 8783, 10188, 



11045]. T-Specim.: I of 1 



Argentina: 



Cordoba; 



alrcdedores de la ciudad, 2 Jan 1902, TJ.V. Stuckcri 
11045 [ST: BAA; 1ST: US-80850 (fragm.)]. 
= Eustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nees. 

Chloris distichophylla \?iX.gemuna Hack., Anales Mus. Nac. 

Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires II: 113. 1904. 

NOTE: nom. inval., sec ICBN Art. 24.3. 

CORRECT NAME: Chloris distichophylla var. 

distichophylla. 
= Eustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nees. 

Chloris divaricata R. Br., Prodr. 186. 1810. T-Specim.: 1 oi 

2. Australia: Queensland: Port Curtis Dist: Broad 
Sound, Sep 1802, B/-ou'/i 6244 fST: BM; 1ST: E, K, 
MEL]. 2 of 2. Australia: "Port L, Kcppel Bay, 
Whorlwatcr Bay",/?. Bro^n [LT: BM], LT designated 
by Anderson, Brigham Young Univ. Sci. Bull., Biol. 
Ser., 19(2): 85 (1974). 
DST: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Lazarides, 

M. (1972). 

Chloris divaricata R. Br. var. divaricata. 

DST: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Lazarides, M. (1972). 

Chloris divaricata var. minor J.M. Black, Trans. & Proc. 

5. 1913. T- 



Roy. Soc. South Australia 37: 124, t. 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Australia: South 



Australia: 



44 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



Oodnadatta, 15 Dec 1913, Sfaer s.n. [HT: AD; IT: K, 
MEL]. 
= Chloris pectinalii Benlli. 

Chloris Jivaricata var. muelleri Domin, Report. Spec. Nov. 

Regni Veg. 9; 553. 1911. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Australia: 
Western Australia: Erenian Prov: Sturt's Creek, Feb 
1856, Mueller s.n. [HT: K, IT: MEL]. 
= Chloris pectinafa Benth. 

Chloris dubia¥.unX]\,\^o\. Gen. Sp. 1: 169. 1815 [1816]. T- 

ProtoL; Mexico: crcscit in calidis i'rovinciae Jaen dc 
Bracamoros prope Tomependa, alt. 207 hex. Floret 



^^7. [ST: US-80829 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Aw{\g\A?i, March 
s.n. [ST]. 



= Chloric sagraeana A. Rich. 

Chloris eleusinoides var. vestita Greenni. ex Combs, Trans. 

Acad. Sci. St. Louis 7: 477, t. 39. 1897. T-Protol.: 
West Indies; Cuba: liigh grassy river banks of Rio 
Damuji at Rodas: 17 Sep 1895, R. Combs 631. T- 
Spcciin.: 1 of 1. Cuba: Las Villas, Cientliegas Mun., 
17 Sep 1895, R. Combs 631 [T: (fragm., US-80830)]. 

CORRECT NAME: Chloris arcuariaU\tchc. & Fkman, 

= Chloris arenaria llitchc. & Ekman. 



Augusio, HumboUi & Bonptcwd s n. T-Specim.: 1 of Chloris elongata Poir,, Encycl, Suppl. 2: 236. 1811. T- 



L Mexico: Distrito Federal. Aug, A J. A. Bonphnd 
4158 [I IT: P, IT: BAA-6751 (fragm. ex P), US-865875 
(fragm. ex P)]. 
= Leptocliloa dubia (Kunlh) Nees. 

Chloris durandiana Sehull., Mant. 2: 341. 1824. 
NOTE: nom. illcg. superfl. 
CORRECT NAME: Chloris gracilis P. Durand. 

- Chloris radiata (L.) Svv, 

Chloris duscnii Ekman, Ark. Hot. !0(! 1): 26, t. 4, f. 2, t. 6, f. 

14. 1911. T-ProtoE: Brasil: Prov. Parand, Serrinha, in 
campo subhumido, 9 Dec 1908,/". Dusen 7335. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Brazil: Parana: Serrhina, in campo 
subhumido, 9 Dec 1908, P. Dusen 7335 [HT: S?; IT: 
BAA, L, NY, US-601 103, US-80828 (fragm. ex S)]. 
= Eustachys iiligiiusa (Hack.) Herter. 

Chloris ckmanii Hitchc, Man. Grasses W. Ind. 129. 1936, 

T-PrutoL: Cuba: Matanzas: Jaguey Grande: collected 
in pastures at Babujal, 2 August 1923, £.L. Ekman 
16954 [HT: US-1387451]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Cuba: 
Matanzas, 2 Aug 1923, £.L Ekman 16954 [HT: US- 
1387451]. 
DST.: Cari. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C. D. (1972); Anderson, D. 

E. (1974); Catasus Guerra. L. (1985); Catasus 
Guerra, L. (1997); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936). 

Chloris elafa Desv., Mem. Soc. Agric. Angers 1: 177. 1831. 

T-Prolol.: Habitat in Brasilio. 

NOTE; aiso in Opiisc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 73 [reprint] 1831- 

1833, 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Kartesz, J. T. & K. N. Gandhi 

(1992);Wundcrnn, R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: A}}dropogon harbatus \..\Andropogon polydactylon 

L.; Chloris arwutinacea Nees ex Stcud.; Chloris 
barbata (L.) Nash; Chloris consanguinea Kunth; 
Chloris dandyana CD. Adams, Chloris polydactyla 
(L.) Sw. 

Chloris elegans Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 166, t. 49. 1815 

[1816]. T-ProtoL: Crescit iisdem fere locis inter 
Mexico et Qucrctaro, llorct April i, Scptembri, 
Humboldt & Bonpland 4194, T-Spccim : 1 of L 
Mexico: between Mexico City and Queretaro, 
Hvmholdt & Bonpland 4194 [HT: P; IT: US-80853 
(fragm.)]. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris eleusinoides Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. 1. 539. 1864. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of 2. Jamaica, no date, //./?. Wullschlaegel 



Specim : 1 of 1. Indonesia: Lesser Siinda Is., Timor E, 
no dale, C Gaudichaud-Beaupre s.n. [HT: Fl; IT: L, 
US-1912444 (fragm.)]. 
= Chloris truneaCa R. Br. 

Chloris equitans Trin., Sp. Gram. 3: t. 309. 1831. T-Protol.: 

Figura ad specimen Capensc. T-Specim,: 1 of 1, [HT: 

LE-TRIN-2089.01]. 
= Eustachys paspaloidcs (Vahl) Lanza & Mattci. 

Chloris exilis Renvoize, Kew Bull. 37(2): 323, f. 2. 1982. T- 

Protol.: Brazil: Bahia: Senhor do Bonfim-Juazciro, 26 
Feb 1974, Harley ct al 16363 [Iff: CEPEC; IT: K]. 

DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Filguciras, T. S. (1999); Renvoize, S. 

A. (1982);Rcnvoize, S. A. (1984). 

Chloris fasciculata Schrad. ex Schult., Mant. 2: 339. 1824. T- 

ProtoE: Brazil: "In Brasilia. Princcps Sercniss, 
Maximil. Ncowidcns.". T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: 
Minas Gcrais, 1817-1821, //.»l^. Schott 4858 [IT: US- 
80854]. 
= Eustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nees. 

Chloris fiUformis Poir., EncycE, SiippE 2: 237. 1811. T- 

Protol.: [cult.; al Paris, the source iinkno\vn][T: P]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of I. [IT: L]. 
NOTE: Poir replaced this witli C temiis (Nov. 1817), but C 

filiformis (Vahl) Poir was relaced in Jul 1817 by 
Lcptochloacynosuroidcs Roemer & Scluilt. 

= Boutcloua simplex Lag. 

Chloris floridana (Chapm.) Alph. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. (cd, 

2) 407. 1871. Basionym: Eustachys floridana Chapm. 
= Eustachys floridana Chapm. 

Chloris foliosa Willd., Sp. PI. 4; 924. 1806. T-ProtoE: W.E: 

Virgin Islands: "Habitat in insula St. Thomas 
Americcs (v.s.), Vcntenat s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Virgin Islands: St. Thomas, Vcntenat s.n. [HT: B, US 
(fragm.)]. 
= Gymnopogon foliosiis (Willd.) Nees. 

Chloris gabrielae Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 85: 368, f 83. 1915. 

T'Specim.: 1 of E Australia: Queensland: Burke Dist: 

am I-lindcrs River,, Feb 1910, Domin s.n. [HT: PR]. 
NOTE: as Chloris "Gabrielae". 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris gayana Kunlh, Revis. Gramin. 1: 89. 1829. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 

CORRECT NAME: Chloris gayana Kunth. 
= Chloris gayana Kunth. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



45 



Chloris gayana Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 2: 293, t. 58. 1 830. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 2. Senegal, 4 Feb \&23, Doellinger 21 
[ST: K, P]. 2 of 2, Senegal, 4 Feb imjlerb. Gay 40 

[ST: K, P] 

NOTE: as nom. nud. in Kunth. Rev. Gram. 1(6): 89. 1829. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cari, ChiU Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, 

Gnat, Peru, Suri, USA, Urug, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC.: I; cultivated. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Beetle, A. 

A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Berendsohn, W. G. 

& A. E. Araniva de Gonzilez (1991); Bor, N. L. 



= Chloris gayana Kunlh. 

Chloris glabrescens (Hack.) Roseng. & Izag., Bol. Soc. 

But. 12; 123. 1968. Basionym: Chloris 



Argent. 

bahiensis fo. glabrescens Hack. 
= Eusfathys paspaloidcs subsp. caribaca (Sprcng.) 

Novvack. 

Chloris gJauca (Chapm.) Alph. Wood, Amer. Bot. Fl. (cd. 2) 

407. 1871. Basionym: Eustachys glauca Chapm. 
= Eustachys glauca Chapm. 



(1960); Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Burlcart, A. (1969); Chhns glaucescens Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 206. 1854. 



Cabrera, A. L. (1970); Catasus Guerra, L. (1985); 
Catasus Guerra, L. (1997), Corrcll, D. S. & M. C. 
Johnston (1970); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. 
Chater (editores generales) (1994); Edgar, E., H. E. 
Connor & J. E, Shand (1991); Espejo Serna, A., A. 
R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J, Valdes-Reyna (2000), 
Filguciras, T. S. (1991); Filgueiras, T. S. (1999); 
Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Wclman, E. Rcilicf, K. L. 
Inimelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Picnaar, M van 
Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Gould, F. 
W. & R. Moran (1981), Hickman, L C. (1993); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 
j0rgcnscn, P. M. & S. Le6n-Ydnez (eds.) (1999); 
Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); Lazarides, M. (1972), 
Marticorena. C, & M Quezada (1985); McClure, F. 
A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. 
(1975); Munz. P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. 



T-Prolol.: West Indies: G\.\\.\dc\o\\}^c. Duschaissing s.n. 

[HT: P(fragm., US)]. T-Spccim.: I of L Guadeloupe, 

1852, £P. de R Duchassaing 13 [HT: P (fragm., US- 

79823)]. 
= Chloris radiata (L ) Sw. 

Chloris gracilis P. Durand, Quib. Chlor. Spec. 10. 1808. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of 1. Jamaica, no dsit^, Anofiymous 396 [T: 
(fragm., US-2830899)]. 
= Chloris radiata (L.) Sw. 

Chloris gracilis Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 168. 1815 [1816]. 

T-Protol.: Peru: Crescit in calidis Prov. Jaen de 
Bracamores pr. Tomependa, alt. 207 hex. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Chloris gracilis P. Durand. 

= Lcptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 



A. (1974); Phillips, S. (1995), Pohl, R. W. (1980); Chloris grandijlora Roseng. & Izag., Bol. Soc, Argent. Bot. 



Pohl, R. W. (1994); Renvoizc, S. A, (1988); 
Renvoize, S. A. (1998), Roscngurtt, B., B. R. 
Arriliaga de Maffei & P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); 
Small, J. K. (1933); Smith. L. B., U. C. Wasshausen 
& R, M. Klein (1981); Tovar, 6. (1993); Wunderlin, 
R. P. (1998); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. 
Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. 
CiaIdel!a(I994). 
SYN.: Chloris abyssmica Hochst. ex A. Rich.; Chloris 

gayana fo. genuina Maire & Weillcr, Chloris gayana 
fo. oligostachys (Barratte & Murb.) Mairc & Weillcr; 
Chloris gayana Kunth; Chloris gayana subsp. 
oligostachys BarraUc & Murb.; Chloris glabrata 
Andcrsson; Chloris witltiradiata \2d.ragazzlt Pirotta; 
Chloris repens Hochst.; Eustachys gayana Mundy. 

Chloris gayana {q. genuina Maiic & Weiller, FI. Afrique N. 

2:204. 1953. 
NOTE: nom. inval., see ICBN Art. 24.3. 
= Chloris gayana Kunth. 

Chloris gayana fo. oligostachys (Barratte & Murb.) Mairc & 

Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 2: 204. 1953. Basionym: 
Chloris gayana svibsp. oligostachys BarraUc & Murb. 
^ Chloris gayana Kunth. 

Chloris gayana subsp. oligostachys Barratte & Murb., Acta 

Univ. Lund. 36: 8, t. 13. 1900. T-Protof: Tunisia 
septentrionaie, Entre Menzclbou-Zelfaet Soliman 
(Miss. bot. 1883). 
= Chloris gayana Kunth. 

Chloris glabrata Andcrsson, Naturw. Rcisc Mossambique 2: 

557. 1864. T-Protok: Standort: auf feuchtem sandigen 
und moori^zen Boden; Wiescngrund bei Tette, 17*" S.B., 

des Landes, Kohlcn- 



12: 124, f 3. 1968. T-ProtoL: Uruguay: Florida: 
Estancia Rinc6n de Santa Elena, Picada de Castro, 
Arroyo Mansavillagra, Nov 1946, Gallinal & 
Roscngurtt PE-5790 [HT: MVFA]. 



120 



Mcilen 



mi Innern 



Sandstcinfrmation. Peters in 1842-1848 



= Chloris canlerae var. grandiflora (Roseng. & Izag.) 

D.E. Anderson. 

Chloris guaranitica Parodi, Rcvista Argent. Agron. 28: 106, 

f 2. 1961 [1962]. T-Protok: Argentina: Corrientes: 
Dcpt. Mbrerucuya: Estancia St. Maria, 7-11-1956, 
Troels Myndel Pedersen 3742. T-Specim.: I of 1. 
Argentina: Corrientes: Mburucuya, Santa Maria, 7-11 
[n';>]-1956, Troels Myndel Pedersen 3742 [IT: K, L]. 
= Chloris orlhonolon Doll. 

Chloris halophila Parodi, Rcvista Argent. Agron. 12(1): 45. 

1945. T-Prolok: Argentina: Buenos Aires: Pergamino, 
Parodi 2769. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Argentina: Buenos 
Aires, 20 Feb 1920, LR. Parodi 2769 [IT: US- 
1256554]. 
DST.: Arge, Boll, Braz, Ecua, Para, Peru. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Brako, L. & 

J. L. Zarucchi (1993); Burkarl, A. (1969); Cabrera, 
A. L. (1970); Foster, R. C. (1958); Jorgensen, P. M. 
& C. Ulloa U. (1994); Jorgenscn, P. M. & S. Le6n- 
YAnez (cds.) (1999); Renvoize, S. A. (1998), Tovar, 
6. (1993), Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo 
de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. 
Cialdella(1994). 

Chloris halophila Parodi var. halophila. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

Chluris halophila var. humilis Christa Mullcr, Fcddcs 

Rcpert. 94(9-10): 627, f 4. 1983. T-Protok: Peru: 
Cusco: Urubamba: Tal des Rio Urubamba unterhalb 



46 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II, 



Pisac, Hang, uiilcr Stauchcrn, 28 May 1972, Mueller & Chloris longifolla (C. Fourii.) Vascy, Coiitr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 



Mueller 2634 [FIT: LZ; IT: SMF]. 
DST.: Argc, Boli, Ecua, PcriK 
LVL.ACCPTC: I. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Muller, C. {1983); Zuloaga, F. O., E. 

G. Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. 

Pcnsiero & A. M. Cialdclla (1994). 

Chloris humboldliana SIclk!., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 205. 1854. 
= Chloris erueiala (L.) Sw. 

Chloris humilis Kunlh, Rcvis. Gramin. 1: 89. 1829. T-Prolol.: 

Brasilia: Crescit propc Rio-Janciro. T-Specim.: I of 2. 
Brazil: Guanabara, A, Richard s.n. [T; (fragm,, US- 

2830900)], 2 of 2. 
= Chloris pycnothrix Trin. 

Chloris inermis Tr\n., Gram. Unill. Sesqiiifl. 232. 1824. 
REPLACED NAME: Chloris poly stachya Lag. 
= Chloris siibmulita Kunlh. 

Chloris injlata Link, Enum. Ilort. Berol. AlL 1: 105. 1821. T- 

Protol.: llab. in California [probably from Mcx. ace. to 
A.S.I I.] E. scniinibus, D. Chamisso sm. [HT: B], typ. 
cult., seed come from California, probably from 
Mexico. T-Spccim,; 1 of L USA: California; Cult, en 
Berlin, no date, LA, von Chamisso s.n, [HT: B 

(fragm., US-2830897)J. 

= Chloris barbata Sw. 

Chloris uifermedia A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 407. 1850. 

T-Proto1.: Abyssinia: Chire, Dillon tfi Petit s.n. [HT: 

n 

= Cfiloris pycnothrix Trin. 

Chloris latisquamca Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot Club 25: 439. 

1898. 
REPLACED NAME: Chloris verticillata var. intermedia 

Vasey. 
BLOCKING NAME: Chloris intermedia A. Rich. 
= Chloris X siihiiolichoslachya Miill. Hal. 

Chloris leptantha Ililchc. ex Urb., Symb. Antill. 7: 166. 

1912. T-Protol.: "Hab. in insulis orac Venezuelensi 
adjacentibus Bonaire: 19 Feb 1885, ff.F./J. Siirin^ar 
s.n. [I IT: US690357]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Netherlands 
[Antilles]: Bonaire, Fontein, 19 Feb 1885, JVFR. 
Suringar 19 [I IT: L, US-690357], TS. 
— Kiiteropogon mollis (Nees) Clayton. 

Chloris leptostachya Hochst. ex A. Rich., Tent, Fl. Abyss. 2: 



407. 1851. T-Prolol.: Abyssinia: ad agrorum margincs 
ct in incullis prope Adoam, Schimper, pi. Schimp. 
Abyss., sect. II, 951 [HT:P. IT: BM, G, K, P]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Ethiopia: Tigray, Adua, 29 Oct 1838, 

G.II.W. Schimper 951 [IT; WAG; 1ST: US-3243725]. 
= Chloris pycnolfirix Trin. 

Chloris leptostachya var. intermedia (A. Rich.) T. Durand & 

Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 861. 1895. Basionym: 
Chloris intermedia A. Rich. 
= Chloris pycnothrix Trin. 

Chloris longifolia Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 205. 1854. T- 

Protol.": Cuming 696 [HT: P(fragm., US)]. T-Speciin.: 
1 of 1. Phlllipincs: Luzon I.: Cavite Prov.: Corregidor 
Island, //. Cumming 696 [T: L; IT: US-80840 
(fragm.)]. 
= Chloris barbata Sw. 



1(8): 284, t. 19. 1893, Basionym: Gynmopogou 

longifolius E. Fourn. 
NO'lE: horn, illeg. 
E. NAME: Chloris longifolia Steud. 
= Entcropogon chloridciis(J. PresI) Clayton. 

Chloris luetzclhtirgiiK\{i:hc., Proc. Biol Soc. Wash. 36: 197. 

1923. T-Protol.: Brazil: Parah>ba do Norte: Serra do 
Borborema, Apr, Luetzelburg 12451 [HT: US- 
1127373]. T-Spechn.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Paraiba, Apr,P. 
von Luetzelburg I245I [IIT: US-1 127373]. 
= Enteropoji;on mollis (Nees) Clayton. 

Chloris madagascariensis Steud., S>n. PI. Glumac. 1: 206. 

1854. T-Proto!.: Le Jolis s.n. [HT: P], in 1848. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of L Madagascar, 1849, ^.F. Le Jolis 7 
liIT:P (fragm., US-80841)]. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris maritimus (Kunth) Trin., Gram. Unifl, SesquilL 235. 

1824. Basionym: Cynodon maritimus Kunth. 
= Cynodon maritimus Kunth. 

Chloris meccana Hochst. ex Steud., Sjn, Pf Glumac. 1: 205. 

1854. T-Specim.: 1 of L 11 Feb n2b, Schimper 802 
[HT: G, US-1 127159, ir: L]. 
= Clitoris virgata Sw. 

Chloris megastachya Schrad. ex Schult., Mant. 2: 340. 1824. 

T"ProtoL: Australia. 
= Chloris truncata R, Br. 

Chloris mendocina Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 36: 208. 1870. 

T-Specim.: 1 of L Argentina: Mendoza, no date,^?./! 
PhilippisM, [T: P (fragm., US-80842)]. 
= Trichloris crinita (Lag.) Parodi, 

Chloris mollis (Nees) Swallen, N. Amer. Fl. 17: 596. 1939. 

Basionym: Gymnopogon mollis Nees. 
- Enteropogon mollis (Nees) Clayton. 

Chloris mouostachya Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 59. 1803. T- 

Protoh: USA: "Hab. in sylvis Carolinae inferioris.", 

Michaux s.n. 

= Ctenium aroniaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Chloris morales-coelloi Lc6n ex Britton, Bull. Torrey Bot. 

Club 53: 458. 1926. T^ProtoL: Cuba: Oriente: 
Cajobabo, not far from mouth of the Jojo R'wci.Lcdn 
12320 [IIT: US]. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. Cuba: Oriente: 

southern Baracoa region, not far from the mouth of the 
Joj6 River, Cajobabo, 17 Jul 1924-4 Aug 1924,Z?m 
Leon 12320 [IT: NY, US-1258978]. 

= ( hloris sagracana A. Rich. 

Chloris mucronata Michx., Fl. Bor.-Anier. I: 59. 1S03. T- 

Protol.: USA: "Hab. in cultis Cm{)\\\ydC.'\ Michaux s.n. 
T-Specim.: 1 of I. USA; in cultis Carolinae, Mc-Ai^wx 
s.n. [HT:P]. 
= Dactyloctenium acgyptium (L.) Willd. 

Chloris multiradiata Hochst., Flora 38; 204. 1855. T-Protoi.: 

Abyssinia [1853], Schimper, Ilrbr. abyss. Buch. 486 
[IIT;STR,1T;K]. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris multiradiata yeir.ragazzii I'irotla, Annuario Rcale 1st. 

Bot. Roma 6: 157. 1896. 
= Chloris gayana Kunth. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



47 



Chloris fiashii A. Heller, Muhlcnbergia 5: 120. 1909. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl.; cqusih Chloris texana (Vasey) 

Nash. 

RFPI ACED NAME; Chloris ciliata var. texana Vasey. 
CORRECT NAME: Chloris texana (Vasey) Nash. 
= Chhiris ciliata Sw. 

Chloris nealleyiUdish. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 435. 1898. 

T-Prolol.: Texas, G.C. Nealley s.n. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. supertT; as Chloris "Neallcyi*'. 
CORRECT NAME: Chloris texensis Nash. 
= Chloris tcxcnsis Nash. 

Chloris ncglccta Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 22(10): 423- 

424. 1895. T-Protol.: USA: Coll. near Orange Bend, 
Lake Co., Florida, in low pine lands, G. V. Nash 2149 
[HT: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Florida, Lake Co., 
1 Jul 1895-10 Jul 1895, G.K Nash 2149 [ST: US- 
252261]. 
= Eustachys neglecta (Nash) Nash. 

Chloris notocoma llochsL, Flora 38: 204. 1855. T-ProtoL: 

Abjssinia {\ZS?>], Schiuiper, lib. abyss. Hobenacker 
2125 [IT: G, P]. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 



Angers 1: 177 



Chloris obtiisifolia Desv., Mem. Soc. Agric. 

1831. T-Protol.: Cresclt in Brasilio. 
NOIT: horn, illeg.; also in Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 73 

[reprint] 1831-1833. 
E. NAME; Chloris obtusifolia Trin. 
= Chloris pyciiothrix Trin. 

Chloris orfhoiiotoii Doll, FI. Bras. 2(3): 64. 1878. T-Protol: 

Hab. prope Rio de Janeiro, Glaziou 3610. T-Speclm.: 1 
of L Brazil: Guanabara, 21 Apr \%69,A.F.M. Glaziou 
36l()[YY: K, US^290153]. 
DST.: Arge, Braz. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allem, A. C. & J. F. M. Vails 

(1987); Anderson, D. E. (1974); Doll, J. C. (1878) 
Filgueiras, T. S. (1991), Filizueiras, T. S. (1999) 
Molina R., A. (1975); Renvoize, S. A. (1984) 
Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de 
Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensicro & A. M. Cialdella 
(1994). 
SYN.: Chloris giiaranitica Parodi. 

Chloris pallescensKt^,t\, A\moi. Bot. Ind. Sem. 28. 1863. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. oi Chloris rachata (L.) Sw. 
- Chloris radiata (L.) Sw. 

Chloris paniculata Scribn,, Proc. Amer, Acad. Arts 38: 262. 

1902. T-Protol.: Costa Rica; Nuez Isl. (an islet near 

Cocos IsF), abundant in bunches 3-5 dm in diameter, 

covering considerable areas on cliffy near the coast, 

Snodgrass & Ilcller 968. T-Spccim.: I of 2. Galapagos 

Islands, Jul 1889, /?.£. Snodgrass c? EG. Heller 968 

[IT: US-808581, Endemic to Cocos Isl., not found on 

Galapagos, mislabeled collection?. 2 of 2. Costa Rica: 

Isia del Coco, R E. Snodgrass c^ E.G. Heller 968 [HT: 

GH]. 

DST.: CoRi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Anderson, D. E. (1974); Davidse, G., 

M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores generalcs) 

(1994);Pohl, R. W. (1994) 



Chloris paraguaiensis Stcud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 204. 1854. 

T-Protol.: Paraguay, Rengger s.n. 
= Chloris barbata Sw. 

y 

Chloris parodiana Roseng. & Izag., BoL Soc. Argent. Bot. 

12: 128, f 4. 1968. T-Protol.: Paraguay: Paraguari: 
costado de la vfa ferrea en cruce camino» gregaria, 7 
abril 1950, Rosengurti B-5979 [HT: MFVA]. 
= Chloris canterae var. canfcrac. 

Chloris parvispicula Caro & E.A. Sanchez, Kurtziana 6: 



227, L 3. 
Caste llanos 1940. 



1971, T-ProtoL: Argentina: La Rioja, 



DST.: Argc. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. 

Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. 
Cialdella (1994). 

Chloris paspaloides Hochst., Flora 38: 206. 1885. T-Prolol.: 

Abyssinia [1853], Schimper, lib. abyss. Buck 400 
[error for 1400] [HT;STR]. 
= Eustachys paspaloides (Vahl) Lanza & Mattel, 

Chloris paytensis Stcud., Syn. PL Glumac. 1: 207. 1854. T- 

Protol.: Peru: Payta, Vnille s.n. 
= Eustachys drstichophylla (Lag.) Nees, 

Chloris pectinafa Benth., Fl. Austral. 7: 612. 1878. T- 

Specim.: I of 2. Australia: Northern Territory; 
Charlotte Waters, Giles s.n. [LT: K; ILT: MEL], LT 
designated by ?. 2 of 2. Australia; Queensland: Cook 
Distr: Cashmere, 20 Mar 1 875, Anuit 188 [ST: MEL]. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Lazarides, 

M.(1972). 
SYN.: Chloris divaricata var, minor J.M. Black; Chloris 

divaricata var. muelleri Domin; Chloris pectinata 
var. fallax Domin; Chloris pectinata var. typica 
Domin. 

Chloris pectinata \QX. fallax Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 85: 366. 

1915. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Australia: Queensland: Burke 
Dist: Ilughenden, Feb \9\0, Domin s.n. [LT: PR]. 2 of 
2. Australia: Queensland: Mitchell Dist: Winton, Mar 

\9\0, Domin s.n. [ST; PR]. 
= Chloris pectinata Benth. 

Chloris pectinata var. typica Domin, Bibliolh. Bot. 85: 366. 

1915. 

NOTE; nom. inval., see ICBN Art. 24.3. 

CORRECT NAME: Chloris pectinata \^v. pectinata. 
- Chloris pectinata Benth. 

Chloris pedicellata Steud., Flora 33: 232. 1850. T-Prolol.: 

[Mexico][T: Herb. Delcssert], In note following 
Schelllngla tenera Steud. In Herb. Dclessert. 

NOTE; nom. inval., as syn. of Schellingia tenera Steudel. 

CORRECT NAME; Schellingia tenera Steud. 

= Aegopogon tcnellus (DC.) Trin. 

Chloris pedicellata Steud. ex E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2; 71. 

1886. 
NOTE; nom. in\ al., as syn. of Aegopogon gemniflorus 

Kunth. 
= Aegopogon (enelfus (DC.) frin. 

Chloris pendula Salzm. ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 208. 



1854. T-Protol.: Brazil. 



48 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Chloris baliicnsis Steudel. 
= Eustachys caribaca (Spreng.) Herter. 

Chloris penicillata Jan. ex Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 231. 

1824. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Chloris compressa DC. 
E. NAME: Chloris penicillata (Vahl) Pers. 
= Chloris virgata Svv. 

Chlons penicillata Willd. ex Stcud., Nomencl. Bot. (cd. 2) 1: 

353. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Chloris elegans Kunth, 
E. NAME: Chloris penicillata (Vahl) Pcrs. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris petraea Sw., Prodr. 25. 1788. T-Protol.: Jamaica, 

Swartz s.n. [HT: SJ. T-Specim.: 1 of L Jamaica, no 
date, 7! Dnnnmond s.n. [T: S; IT: US-80832 (fragm.)]. 

REPLACFD NAME: Chloris swnrtziana Doll. 

= Fustachys petraea (Sw.) Desv. 

Chlons petraea Thunb., Prodr. PI. Cap. 1: 20, 1794. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of L South Africa: Cape, Thunberg 23939 
[HT: UPS]. 
NOTE: horn, illes. 

E. NAME: Chloris petraea Sw. 

= Lustachys paspaloides (Vahl) Lanza & Mattel. 



"Cordoba: cntre Arroyo de la Parra y Los Mollcs ccrca 

dc la , Leg. W, Bodenbender [Kurtz 4457a]. 
= Chloris caiiterac Arechav. 

Chloris polydactyla fo, stolonifera Pared i, Revista Argent. 

Agron. 20: 24. 1953. T-Protol.: Cult, in Hort. Bot. Fac. 
Agr. et Veter., 1932, L.R. Parodi 10256 [T: cult, llort. 
Dot. Fac. Agr. et Veter.]. T-Specim.: 1 of I. Cultivated 
in Argentina at Buenos Aires, Mar \9i2,LK Patodi 
;«2J6[1T:US-I539641]. 

= Chloris canterac Arechav. 

Chloris polystachya Lag., Gen. Sp. PL 4. 1816. T-Protol.: 

Habitat in Nueva Hispania unde demina missit D. 
Sessc. 
== Chloris submutica Kunth. 

Chloris pratensis Lesibte ex Stcud., Syn. PL Glumac. 1: 207. 

1854. T-Protol.: Lesible s.n. [T; Hb. Lenormand.]. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Chioris subbitlora Stetidel. 
= Chloris submutica Kunth. 

Chloris prieurii Kunth, Revis. Grainin. 1: 89. 1829. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Senegal: lie St. Louis, Leprieur s.n. 
[1IT:P;IT:K1. 

NOTE: see also Rev. Gram. 2: 441 (1831). 

= Entcropogon prieurii (Kunth) Clayton. 



Chloris piperita Michx. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 1: Chloris procumbcns P. Durand, Quib. Chlor. Spec. 16, 22 



353. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. invaL, as syn. ofCampulosus monostachyus P. 

Beauv. 
= Ctcnium aroniaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Chloris phiriflora (E. Fourn.) Kiintze, Revis. Qci\. PL 2: 771. 

1891. Basion}in: Trichlorls plurijlora E. Fourn. 
NOTE: error, actually published as Chloropsis plurijlora. 
= Trichloris pluriilora E. Fourn. 

Chloris plurijlora (E. Fourn.) Clayton, Kcw Bull. 21: 102, 

1967. Basionym: Trichloris plurijlora E. Fourn. 
= Trichloris pluriflora E. Fourn. 

Chloris poifonnis Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1; 169. 1815 [1816]. 

T-Spccim.: I of 1. F.W.ILA. von Humboldt, A.J. A. 
Bonpland 96 1/2 [T: (fragm., US-2830888)]. 
= Lcptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 

Chloris polydactyla (L.) Sw., Prodr. 26. 1788. Basionym: 

Afidropogon polydactyhn L. 
NOTE: comb, illeg., basionym is a nom. illeg. superfl., see 

Aft. 58.1 Ex. 1. 
CORRECT NAME; Chloris barbata Sw. 
= Chloris elata Desv. 

Chloris polydactyla var. breviaristata Hack, ex Ktitz., BoL 

Acad. Ci. (Cordoba) 16: 257. 1899. T-Protol.: 
Argentina: Tucuman, cercanias de la ciudad, 6-22 Dec 
1872, Lorentz & llieronynius 157, Hack in litt. 

DST.: Arge. 

SYN.: Chloris breviaristata (Hack, ex Ktitz.) Herter. 

= Status not yet determined. 

Chloris polydactyla subsp. multiradiata (Hochst.) Chiov,, 

Amuiario Reale 1st. Bot. Roma 8: 54. 1903. Basionym: 
Chloris multiradiata I lochst. 
= Chloi is virjiata Sw. 

Chloris polydactyla fo. pauciradiata Kurtz, Bol. Acad. Ci. 

(Cordoba) 16: 257. 1900. T-Protol.; Argentina: 



1808. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. Cultivated in Montpclier 
from seed of plants grown in Madrid from seed said by 
Nee to have come from the Philippines Islands, P. 
Durand s.n. [HT: MPU-1469 (photocopy, CllDlR, L); 
IT: US-80856 (fragm.), MPU-1468 (photocopy, 
CllDlR, L), US-80856 (fragm. ex MPU, & illustr. of 
2nd MPU specimen)], Cultivated at Madrid, but 
probably from Mexico or South America. The same 
Nee material was cultivated in Madrid and named as 
Boutcloua prostrata Lag. 2 of 2. 



= Boutctoua simpi 






Chloris propinqua Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 204. 1854. T- 

ProtoL: West Indies: Guadeloupe, Duchaissing sm. 
[HT: P(fragm., US)]. T-Specim.: 1 of L Guadeloupe, 
no date, E.P. de F. Duchassaing s.n. [I IT: P (fragm., 
US-2830904)]. 
= Chloris ciliata Sw. 

Chloris pubescens Lag., Varied. Ci. 2(4): 143. 1805. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of 1. Peru: ex Pcruvia [HT: MA-1 85242; 
IT: G, US-2830893 (fragm. ex MA & photo)]. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris punctulatu Hochst. ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 

205. 1854. T'ProtoL: Nubia, Kotschy, Ilochstcitcr 
herb. un. it. mibic. 23 [HT: P, IT: K]. T-Specim.: 1 of 
2. Egypt, 20 Sept 1839, T. Kotschy 33350 [T: L]. 2 of 
2. Sudan: Locis Siccis prope pagum Cordofanum Abu- 
Gerad, 20 Sep 1839, K. G. T Kotschy 23 [IT: US- 
3243709]. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrfl, 

CORRECT NAME: Chloris ayptostachya Steud. ex J.A. 

Schmidt. 
= Entcropogon prieurii (Kunth) Clayton. 



Chloris pycuothrix Trin., Gram. Unifl. 

T-ProtoL: Ins. Santa Catharinae, 
LE]. 



SesquiiL 234. 
Chamisso s.n. 



1824 
[HT: 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



49 



DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, Ecua, Hond, Nica, Para, 

Peru, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. C. (1974); Brako, L. & 

J. L. Zarucchi (1993), Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 

0, Chater (cditores gencralcs) (1994); Filgueiras, T. 

S. (1991), Filguciras, T. S. (1999); Gibbs Russell, G. 

E, W. G. Wclman, E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman, G. 

Germishuizcn, B. J. Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 

Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. 

Le6n-Yanez (cds.) (1999); Lawesson, J. E., H. 

Adsersen & P. Bentlcy (1987); ORSTOM (1988); 

Phillips, S. (1995); Polil, R. W. (1994); Porter, D. M, 

(1983); Renvoize, S. A. (1984); Renvoize, S. A. 

(1988); Smith, L. B., D. C. Wasshausen & R. M. 

Klein (1981); Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z, E, 

Ri'igolo de Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. Pensicro & A. M. 

Cia]dd!a(1994). 
SYN.; Cliloris beyrichiana Kunlh; Chloris beyrichiana 

Slcud.; Chloris humilis Kuntii; Chloris intermedia A. 

Rich.; Chloris kptostachya Ilochst. ex A. Rich.; 

Chloris kptostachya var. intermedia (A. Rich.) T. 
Durand & Schinz; Chloris obtusifolia D^sv., Chloris 
radiata var. beyrichiana (Kunth) Hack, ex Stuck.; 



Chloris 



salzmannii 



Steud.; 



Gymnopogon 



beyrichianus (Kunlh) V'dxod\,Gymnopogon haumanii 
Parodi; Gymnopogon radiatus var. beyrichiana 
(Kunlh) Parodi. 

Chloris radiata (L.) S\v., Prodr. 26. 1788. Basionym; 

Agrostis radiata L. 
DST.: Bdi, Boli, Braz, Cari, Chil, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, 

FrGu, Gnat, Guya, Hond, Mexi, Nica, Pana, Para, 

Peru, Suri, USA, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C. D. (1972); Anderson, D. 

E. (1974); Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D. E. Alha 
(2000), Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987), 
Bercndsohn, W. G. & A. E. Araniva dc Gonzalez 
(1991); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); Catasus 
Gucrra, L. (1985); Catasus Guerra, L, (1997); 
Davidse, G., M, Sousa S, & A. 0. Chater (editores 
generales) (1994); Dodson, C. H., A. H. Gentry & F, 
M. Valverdc (1985); DollJ. C. (1878): Fspejo Scrna, 
A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Foster. R. C. (1958), Gould, F. W (1979); Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1909); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. 
S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Jorgenscn, P. M. 
& S. Le6n-Ydnez (eds.) (1999); Judzicwicz, E. J. 
(1990); Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bcntley 
(1987); Lindeman, J. C. & A. L. Sloffcrs (1963), 
Liogier, H. & L. Marlorell (1982); Long, R. W. & O. 
Lakela (1971); Macbride, J. F. (1936); Marticorena, 
C. & M. Quezada (1985); McClurc, F. A. (1955); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. (1975); Pohl, R. 
W- (1980); Pohl, R. W. (1994); Porter, D. M. (I9K3); 
Reeder, J. R & C. G. Reeder (1971); Renner, S. S., 
H. Balslev & L. B. Holm-Nietsen (1990), Rcnvoize, 
S. A. (1998); Tovar, 6. (1993), Wiggins, I. L. & D. 
M. Porter (1971); Wunderlin,R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Agrostis radiata L.; Chloris biflora Regcl; Chloris 

crinita Salzm. ex Doll; Chloris dwandiana Schult.; 
Chloris glaucescens Steud.; Chloris gracilis P. 
Durand; Chloris pallescens Regel; Chloris radiata 



tacnensis Steud. ex Lechler; Cynosurus scoparius 
Lam.; Gymnopogon radiatus (L.) Parodi. 

Chloris radiata var. beyrichiana (Kunth) Hack, ex Stuck., 

Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 6: 489. 
1906. Basionym: Chloris beyrichiana Kunth. 
NOTE: Index of Grass Species collat. 13: 489, 

= Chloris pycnothrix Trin. 

Chloris radiata var. longiaristata Christa Miiller, Feddes 

Repert. 94(9-10): 625, f. 2. 1983. T-Protol.: Ecuador: 
GalapagosTnsehi: ^duX'vdgo, Fagerlind A Wibom 3434 
[HT: S]. 
= Chloris radiata (L.) Sw. 

Chloris repens Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 1 : 353. 1840. 
NOTE: nom, inval., as syn. o[ Eleusine indica (L.) Gacrtner. 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gacrtn. 

Chloris repens Hochst, Flora 38: 204. 1855. T-Protol.: 

Ethiopia: Semicn. Schimper, in hb. Buchinger 1 110 

[HT:STR; IT:P]. 
= Chloris gayana Kunth. 

Chloris rctusa Lag., Gen. Sp. PI. 5. 1816. T-Protol.: Habitat 

in Bonariensi regno. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Uruguay: del 
Cerro y Pcfia Blanca, L Nee s.n. [HT; MA; IT:BAA, 
MO, US-80834 (fragm. & photo)]. The locality of the 
type has been confused. See Molina, Candolea 51: 246 
(1996) for a discussion. 2 of 2. Argentina: "Hab. in 
Bonariensi Regno.", no date. Nee s,n. [T: MA, F- 
029381]. 
= Eustachys retusa (Lag.) Kunth. 

Chloris rogeoni A. Chev., Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 

14(150): 127. 1934. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Dlvc.Chcvaiier 
43871 [ST: P]. 2 of 3. El Oualadjii, Cfev^//^r 43937 
[ST: P]. 3 of 3. El Oualadjii, Chevalier 42357 [ST: P]. 
NOTE: as Chloris "Rogeoni"; nom. inval., without Latin 

description. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris rufescens Lag,, Varied, Ci. 2(4): 143. 1S05. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Cultivated in Ihe Montpcllicr 
Botanical Garden from material collected in Mexico 
[erroneously attributed to the Philippines],/,. Ncc s.n. 
[NT: MA-252909; INT: US-80836 (fragm. ex MA & 
drawing by Parodi)], NT designated by Veldkamp, 
Taxon 50: 846. (2001); wrongly attributed to the 
Philippines by Lagasca according to Chase & Niles. 
DST.: CoRi, Guat, Hond, Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. 

Chater (editores generales) (1994); Espcjo Serna, A., 
A. R. L^pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
McClure, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); Pohl, 
R. W. (1994); Reyes-Garcia, A. & M. Sousa S. 
(1997); Veldkamp, J. F. (2001). 

SYN.: Agrostomia aristaia Cerv.; Chloris aristaia (Ccrv.) 

Swallen. 

Chloris rufescens Steud., Syn. Pi. Ghimac. 1: 206. 1854. T- 

Protol.: Ins. Maurit., Urville sm. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 
E. NAME: Chloris rufescens Lag. 
= Chloris barbata Sw. 



var. longiaristata Christa Mullcr; Chloris scoparius Chloris rupestris (Ridl.) Hitchc, Man. Grasses W, Ind. 126 



(Lam.) Dcsf ; Chloris scoparius Regel; Chloris 



1936. Basionym: Gymnopogon rupestre Ridl. 



50 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



= Eiitcropogon mollis (Nees) Clayton. 



= Eustachys pctraea (Sw.) Desv. 



Chloris siigrRcuna A. Rich.. Hist. Fis. Cuba, Bot, 11: 315. Chluris scsquillora Burkart, Bol. Soc. Argent Bot. 12: 287, 



1850. T-Protul.: [West Indiesl: Cuba: "Crcscit in 
rudcratis ct locis arenosis circa Huhixwdm" , Ramon de 
laSagras.n. [IIT: P T-fragm.: US]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
Cuba: La Habana, no date, R. de la Sagra A. 
RICHARD 2 [HT; P {fragm., US-80837)]. 
DST.: Cari. 
I-VL. ACCPrC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C. D. (1972); Anderson, D. 

E. (1974); Anonj'nious (1986); Catasus Cnicrra, L. 
(1985); Catasus Guerra, L. (IW7); Gould, F. W 
(1979), ILitchcock, A. S. (1936); Liogier, IL & L. 
Martorell(1982). 

SYN.: Chloris eleusinoides Griseb.; Chloris morale s-coelloi 

Le6n ex Britlon. 

Chloris sa^racana subsp. cubcnsis (Hitchc. & Ckman) Cat. 

Guerra, Fontqucria 44: 145. 1996. Basionym: CA/oto 
ciihcnsis Hitchc. & Ckman. 
DST.:Cari. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Catasus Guerra, L. (1985); Catasus 

Guerra, L.( 1997). 
SYN.: Chloris cubensis Hitchc, & Ekman; Chloris 

sagraeana UNRANKED cubensis (Hitchc. iS: 
nkman) Cat. Guerra. 

Chloris sagraeana UN RANKED cubensis (I litchc. & 

Ekman) Cat. Guerra, Acta Bot. Cub. 25: 6. 1985. 

Basionym: Chloris cubensis Hitchc. & Ekman. 
NOTL' : nom. invaL, rank not indicated. 
= Chl<»ris sagraeana subsp. cubensis (Hitchc. & Ekman) 

Cat. Guerra. 

Chluris sagraeana A. Rich, subsp. sagraeana. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

Chloris salzmannii Steud., Syn. PL Glumac. 1: 206. 1854. T- 

ProtoL: Bahia, "C. crinita Salzm.". T-Spccim.: I of 1. 
Brazil: Bahia: in argillosis aridis, /*. Salzmanu 664 

[HT:G, 1T:K,US-1614946]. 
= Chloris pycnothrix 1 rin. 

Chloris sclerantha Lindl., J. Exped. Trop. Australia 3L 1848. 

T-Specim.: 1 of L Australia: New South Wales: banks 

of Bogan River, 1846, Mitchell 116 [HT: CGE; IT. K]. 

= Chloris venlricosa R. Br. 



Chloris scoparius (Lam.) Dcsf, Tabk Ecole Bot. 14. 1804. 

Basionym: Cynosurus scoparius Lam. 
NOTE: cites Cynosurus scoparius Link [error for Lam.?]. 
= Chluris radiala (L.) Sw. 

Chloris scoparius Regel, Annot. Bot. Ind. Sem. 28. 1863. 
NO IE: nom. invaL, as syn. of Chloris radiata (L.) Sw. 
E. NAME: Chloris scoparius (Lam.) Desf. 
- Chh)ris radiata (L.) Sw. 

Chloris secundiis (Pursh) Eaton, Man. Bot. (ed. 5) 173. 1829. 

Basionym: Cynosurus secundus Pursh. 
= Bouteloua curtipcndula (Michx.) Torr. 

Chloris septcntrionalis MiJll. HnL, Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 

19(46): 340. 186L T-Protol.: USA: America 
septcntrionalis, ubi ad Rio Briizos legit, Drummond 
s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas, no date, T. 
Drummond s.n. [IT: MO- 1837394, US-1 063206 
(fragm.)]. 



f. 2, 1968. T-ProtoL: Argentina: Entrc Rios: Dcpto. 
Concepcion del Uruguay, in pratis subsalsis flum. 
Gualegguaycliu, vencindades del Parque Unzne, 19 
Apr 1965, Burkart 25676 [IIT: SI; IT. HSC]. T- 



Specim.: 1 of L 



Argentina: 



Enlre Ri'os: Dcpl. 



Conccpci6n del Uruguay: bajos cerca del rio 
Gualcguaychii, vencdcndadcs del Parque UnzutS, 19 
Apr 1965, ^.£. Burkart ct al. 25676 [HT: SI; IT: US- 
2959126]. 
DST.: Arge, Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Burkart, A. 

(1969); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. L. Rugolo de 
Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella 
(1994). 

Chloris suhbiflora Steud., Syn. PL Glumac. I: 206. 1854. T- 

ProtoL: [USA]: America Septentrionalis, Lesible sm. 
[T: CN T: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. "North America", 
1823,//. Lesible s.n. [Ill: P (fragm., US-2732913)]. 
= Chloris siibmutica Kunth. 

Chluris X siibdofichostachya Miill. Hal., Bot. Zeitung 

(Berlin) 19(46): 34]'. 1861. T-ProtoL: America 
septcntrionalis, ubi forsan in Texas, T. Drummond 
372. T-Specim.: 1 of L USA: Texas, no date, T. 
Drummond 372 [HT: ?; IT: US-879091 (fragm.)]. 
NOTE: determined to be a hybrid by Anderson in Gould, 

Grasses of Texas, 1975, p. 327. 
DST.iMexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Vatdes-Reyna (2000); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Thomas. R. D. & C M. 
Allen (1993). 
SYN.: Chloris brevispica Nash; Chloris latisquamea Nash; 

Chloris verticdlata var. aristulata Torr. & A. Gray; 
Chloris verticillata var. intermedia Vasey. 

Chloris submutica Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1; 167, t. 50. 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Crescit in tenipcratis convallis 
Mexicanae propter littora lacus Tezcucensis, alt. 1 150 
hexap, Humboldt & Bonphmd s.n. T-Specim.: ! of 1. 
Mexico: Tezcucensi, Feb, F.W.H.A, von Humboldt. 
A.J.A. Bonpland4I82 [I IT: P (fragm., US-2830903)]. 

DST.: Colo, Ecua, Guat, Mcxi, USA, Vene. 

LVL ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Anonymous 

(1986); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); 
Breedlove. D. E. (1986), Davidse, C, M. Sousa S. 8c 
A. O. Cliatcr (edilores generales) (1994); Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (I95I); Jorgensen, P. M. & 
S. Lcon-Yinez (cds.) (1999); McVaugh, R. (1983); 
Pohl, R, W. (1994). 

SYN.: Agrostomia mutica Cerv.; Chloris inermis Trin.; 

Chloris polystachya Lag., Chloris polystachya Lag.; 

Chloris pratensis Legible ex Steud.; Chloris 

subbiftora Steud.; Eustachys polystachya (Lag.) 

Kunlh; Eustachys submutica (KuiUli) Rocm. & 
Schult.; PJiaccllaria pauicea Willd. ex Steud. 

Chloris subtriflora Steud., Syn. Pi. Glumac. 1: 208. 1854. T- 

ProtoL. Scnegambia, LaPrieur s.n. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



51 



= Entcropogon pricurii (Kuiith) Clayton. 



- Trichloris crinita (Lag.) Parodi. 



Chloris suringarii Ilitchc, Symb. Antill. 7: 167. 1912. T- Chloris truneata R. Br., Prodr. 186. 1810. T-Spccim.: 1 of K 



ProtoL: West Indies: Curacao ad Brakkcput: 14 Jan 
1885, W.F.R. Swingar [HT: Krug and Urban 
Herb.(rragm., US)]. T-Spccim,: 1 of 1. Netherlands 

Antilles, 14 Jan 1885, W.F.R. Suringar s.n. [HT: Krug 
and Urban Herb., IT: L, US-690358 (fragm.)]. 
DST.: Cari. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Catasus 

Guerra, L. (1985); Catasus Guerra, L. (1997); 
Lindeman, J. C. & A. L. Stoffers (1963). 

Chloris swariziana Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 68-69. 1878. 
NOTE: noni. illeg. superfl., based on Chloris petraea S\v., 

non Thunb. 

CORRLCTNAME: Chloris petraea S\v. 
= Eustachys pctraca (S\v.) Desv. 

Chloris sM-artzii MiilL Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 19(46): 

341. 1861. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl.; based on Chloris petraea Sw., 

non Thunb. unpbulished. 
CORRLCTNAME: Chloris petraea Sw. 
= Eustachys petraea (Sw.) Desv. 



Chloris tacnensis Stcud. c\ Lcchlcr, Bcrberid. Amer. Austr. 

56. 1857. T-Prolol.: Peru, Lechler 1569. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Chloris radiata (L.) Sw. 

Chloris tenuis Poir., Encycl., Suppl. 5: 614. 1817 [Nov]. 
NOTE: nom. superfl., based on Chloris filiformis Poir. 

Encycl. Suppl. 2: 237, n. 8. 1811. Not P. 238. 
- Bouteioua simplex Lag. 

Chloris tenuispica Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 436. 

1898- T-Protol.: USA: Texas: 1889, G.C. Nealley sm. 
T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas, 1889, G.C Nealley 
s.n. [LT: US-80860], LT designated by ?. 
= Chloris andropogonoidcs E. Fourn. 

Chloris tetrastachys ILick. ex Hook, f, Fl. Brit. India 7: 291. 

1896. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of C. virgata Swartz. 

= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris texana (Vascy) Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 25: 441. 

1898. Basionym: Chloris ciliata \^t. texana Vasey. 
= Chloris ciliata Sw. 

Chh»ristexensisNash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 151. 1896. 



T'Piotol.: USA: Texas, Thurow & G.C. Nealley s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L USA: Texas, 188-, G.C Nealley s.n. 

[ST: US-80852]. 

DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Correll, D. 

S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951). 
SYN.: Chloris nealleyi Nash. 

Chloris tibestica Qufzel, Bull. Soc. Hist Nat. Afriquc N. 48: 

84. 1957. T-ProtoL: Emi Koussi. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloris trichodes Lag. ex Parodi, Rcvista Argent. Agron. 14: 

62. 1947. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn, of Trichloris crinita (Lag.) L. 

Parodi. 



Australia: New South Wales: Port Jackson, Broun 
6243 [HT: BM; IT: E, K]. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Edgar, E., 

H. E. Connor & J. E. Shand (1991); Gibbs Russell, 

G. E, W. G. Welman, E. Rcitief, K. L. Immelman, G. 

Gcrmishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 

Nicholas (PRECLS) (1987), Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 

Lazarides,M.(1972). 
SYN.: Chloris elongata Voir., Chloris megastachya Schrad. 

ex Schult.; Chloris truneata fo. abbreviata Thell. 

Chloris truneata fo. abbreviata Thcll., Viertcljahrsschr. 

Naturf Gcs. Zurich 64: 706. 1919. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
Switzerland: Derendingen, Solothurn, 27 Sep 1917, 
Probst s.n. [HT: Z; IT: K], 
= Chloris truneata R. Br. 

Chloris uliginosa Hack., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7: 

320. 1909. T-Protol.: Uruguay: in locis uliginosis 
prope Cuarain, 1902, Berro s.n. [HT: W?]. T-Specim.: 
I of 1. Uruguay: Cuareini, 23 Jan 1902, M.B. Bcrro 
2678 [T: BAA, US-80861 (fragm.)]. 
= Eustachys ulignosa (I lack.) 1 lerter. 

Chloris vcntricosa R. Br,, Prodr. 186. 1810. T-Specim.: 1 of 

1. Australia: New South Wales: Richmond, Brown 
6242 [\VY: BM; IT K, E]. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Hitchcock, 

A. S. (1951), Lazarides, M. (1972). 
SYN.: Chloris sclerantha Lindk; Chloris ventricosa var. 

tenuis Bcnth. 

Chloris ventricosa var. tenuis Bcnlh., Fl. Austral. 7: 613. 

1878. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. Australia: Queensland: Port 
Curtis Dist: Rockhampton, 15 Mar \^16,0'Shanesy 
1679 [LT: K; ILT: MEL]. 2 of 2. Australia: 
Queensland: Neerkool Creek, near Rockhampton, 
Bowman 22 [ST; MEL]. 
= Chloris ventricosa R. Br. 

Chloris verticillata Nutt., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc., n.s., 5: 

150. 1835. T-Protol.: Arkansas Territory: Hab. on the 
sandy banks of the Arkansas, near Fort Smith, rare, 
Nuitall s.n. T-Specim.: I of L USA: Arkansas: near 
Fort Smith, no date, T. Nuitall s.n. [HT: PIKfragm., 
US-2830886); IT: K]. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson. D. E. (1974); Beetle, A. 

A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Correll, D. S. & M. 
C. Johnston (1970); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), Fernald, M. 
(1950); Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); 
Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1991); Great Plains 
Flora Association (1986); Hickman, J, C (1993); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck 
(1959), Voss, E.G. (1972). 

Chloris verticillata var. aristulata Torr. & A, Gray, Pacif 

Railr. Rep. 2: 176. 1855. T-Protok: [USA]: "Type 
collected on the lower Rio Grande.", Dr. Gregg sm. 



52 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



= Chloris X subtlolichostachj a Miill. Hal. 

Chtoris vcrticlllata var. intermedia Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb, 2(3): 528. 1894. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: 
Houston: sandy land, central Texas to Oklahoma,//a// 
773. T-Specim.: 1 of I. USA: Texas: Harris Co., 20 
Apr 1872, £ Hall 773 [TYPE: US-879085]. 

CORRECT NAM12; Chloris latisquamea 'Nash. 

= Chloris X suhtloHchostachya Miill, Hal. 

Chloris virgata Sw., Fl. Ind. Occid. 1: 203. 1797. T-Proto!.: 

Pruvenit in Antigua, Swartz sm. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Anligua, S^vartz s.n. [HT: S; IT: BM]. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz. Carl, Chil, Colo, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, 

Mexl, Nica, Pana, Para, Peru. USA, Vcnc. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 
ALSO ACCPID. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Anderson, D. E. 

(1974); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); 
Berendsohn, W. G. & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez 
(1991); Bor, N. L. (1960); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarncchi 
(1993); Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Burkart, A. (1969); 
Cabrera, A. L. (1970); Catasus Gucrra, L. (1985); 
Catasus Gnerra. L. (1997); Correll, D. S. & M. C. 
Johnston (1970), Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. 
H. Holm-ren & J. L. Reveal (1977); Davidsc, G., M. 
Sousa S. 8l a. O. Chatcr (editores generales) (1994), 

D6tl, J. C. (1878); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J, Valdes-Rc>na (2000); Fernald, M 

(1950); Filguciras, T. S, (1999), Foster, R. C. (1958); 
Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Welman, E. Rciticf, K. L. 
Inimclman, G. Gcrmishuizen, B J. Pienaar, M. van 
Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Gleason, H. 
A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1991); Gould, F. W (1979), Gould, F. W. 
& R. Moran (1981), Great Plains Flora Association 
(1986); Hickman, J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951), Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Le6n-Yancz (cds.) 
(1999); Killccn, T. J. (1990); Lawcsson, J. E., H. 
Adscrsen &. P. Bentlcy (1987); Lazarides, M. (1972); 
Lindeman, J. C. & A. L. Stoffers (1963); 
Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada (1985); McClure, F. 
A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. 
(1975); Mnnz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959), Munz, P. 
A. (1974); Phillips. S. (1995); Pohl, R. W. (1994); 
Porter, D. M (1983); Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahlcs & 
C. R. Bell (1968), Reedcr, J. R. & C. G. Reeder 
(1971), Rcnvotze, S. A. (1984); Rcnvoizc, S. A. 
(1998); Rcycs-Garcia, A. & M. Sousa S. (1997); 
Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964); Sousa S., M. & E. 
F. Cabrera C. (1983); Tovar, 6. (1993); Vcldkamp, J. 
F. (2001); Wiggins, 1. L. & D. M. Porter (1971); 
Wunderlin, R. P. (1998); Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. 
Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo dc Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. 
Pcnsicro & A. M. Cialdclla (1994). 

SYN.: Agrostomia barbata Ccrv.; Chloris alba J. Prcsl; 

Chloris alba var. aristulata Torr.; Chloris albertii 

Kegel; Chloris barbata var. decora (Nees ex Sleud.) 

Benth.; Chloris brachystachys Andersson, Chloris 

caudata Trin, ex Bungc; Chloris compressa DC; 

Chloris decora Nees ex Stcud.; Chloris elegans 

Kunth; Chloris gabrielae Domin; Chloris 

madagascariensis Stcud.; Chloris mcccana Hochst. 
ex Steud.; Chloris multiradiata Hochst.; Chloris 
notocoma Hochst.; Chloris penicillata Jan. ex Trin.; 
Chloris penicillata W i 1 1 d . ex Stcud . ; Chloris 
polydactyla subsp. multiradiata (1 lochst.) Chiov.; 



Chloris pubescens Lag.; Chloris rogeoni A. Chcv.; 
Chloris tetrastachys I lack, ex I look, f; Chloris 
tibestica Qu(5zcl; Chloris virgata var. elegans 
(Kunth) Stapf; Lepcocercis serrata (Rctz.) Trin.; 
Rabdochloa virgata (Sw.) P. Beauv.; Rhahdochloa 
virgata (Sw.) P. Beauv. 

Chloris virgata var. elegans (Kunth) Stapf Fl. Cap. 7: 642. 

1900. Basionym: Chloris elegans Kunth. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Chloroides Fisch. ex Regcl, Index Scni. (St. Petersburg) 28. 

1863. 
NOTE; in syn. sub E. pctraca. 
= Eustachys Desv. 

Chhropsis Hack, ex Kuntze, Rcvis. Gen, PI 2: 77 L 189L 
NOTE: nom. superfl. pro Trichloris. 
= Trichloris E. Fourn. ex Benth. 

Chloropsis blanchardiana Gay ex Scribn., Bull. Torrey Bot. 

Club 9: 146. 1882. 
NOTE: as "Chloridopsis^*; noni. inval., as syn. oi'Trichloris 

blanchardianum Fourn. 
= Trichloris crinita (Lag.) Parodi. 

Chloropsis blanchardiana (E. Fourn. ex Scribn.) Kuntze, 

Revis, Gen, PI. 2: 771. 1891. Basionym: Trichloris 
blanchardiana E. Fourn. ex Scribn. 
= Trichloris crinita (Lag.) Parodi. 

Chloropsis crinita (Lag.) Kuntze, Rcvis. Gen. PI. 2: 771. 

189L Basionym: Chloris crinita Lag. 
= Trichloris crinita (Lag.) Parodi. 

Chloropsis mendocina (Phil.) Kuntze, Rcvis. Gen. PI. 3(2): 

348. 1898. Basionym: Chloris mendocina ?h\]. 

= Trichloris crinita (Lag.) Parodi. 

Chloropsis phiriflora (E. Fourn.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 

771. 1 891. Basionym: Trichloris plunjlora E. Fourn. 
= Trichloris plnriilora E. Fourn. 

Chondrosium Desv., J. Bot. Agric. 1: 68. 1813. 
NOTE: orth. var. 
- Buutcloua Lag. 

Chondrosium criopodiun Torr., Not. MiliL Reconn. 154. 

1848- T-ProtoL: USA: [New Mexico]; Del Norte and 

Gila rivers, [HigelowJ s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
New Mexico, 15 1846, 7J/. Bigelow et al. s.n. [HT: 
NY; IT: US-A865571 (fragm. ex NY)]. 

NOTE; orth. var. as Chondrosium. 

CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum eriopodwu Torr. 

= Bouteloua eriopoda (Torr.) Torr. 

Chondrosium gracile Kunth^ Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 176. 1816. 
NOTE: orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum gracile Kunth. 
= Bouteloua j^racilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Chondrosium hirsutum (Lag.) S\\eet, llort. Brit. 455. 1827. 

Basionym: Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 
NOTE: orth, var. "Chondrosum"; Index of Grass Species, 

Man U.S. collat. 455, date 1826, presumably based 

on Actinochloa hirsuta Roem. & Schult. 

= Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 

Chondrosium hirtum Kunth, Nov, Gen. Sp. 1: 176. 1815 

[1816]. T-Proto).: Mexico: Novae Hispaniae, inter 
Mexico el Gasave, 1800 ht\., Humboldt & Bonpland 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



53 



s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, no dd.{e. Anonymous 

SM. [HT: B-W ; IT: US-A86568 1 (fragm. ex B-W)]. 

NOTE: orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum hirtwn Kuiilh. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta, 

Chondrosium humile Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 175, t. 56. 



Chondrosum aschenbornianum Nees, Linnaea 19(6): 692 

1847. T-Protol.; Mexico, Aschenb. exs. 33 L T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 2. Mexico:^. Aschenborn 331 fllT: B; 
IT: US-865680 (fragm.)], CS. 2 of 2. 

NOTE: as "Chondrosium" aschenbornianum. 

= Boutcloua hirsuta Lag. 



1815 [1816]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Ecuador: Llaclacunga Chondrosum barbatum (Lag.) Clayton, Kcw Bull. 37: 417 



Quitensium, monte GuadaUipcns, Anonymous s.n. 

[HT: P; IT: US-A865683 (fragm. ex P-Bonpl.)]. 
NOTE: orth. var. 
CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum humile P. Beauv. ex 

Kunth. 
= Boutcloua simplex Lag. 

Chondroshwi karMinskii E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 137. 1886. 

T-ProloL: Mexico: Canon de las Minas ct Victoria, 

Karwlnskii 1479. 

NOTE: orth. var. Chondrosum. 

CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum karmnskii E. Fourn. 

= Bouteloua karwlnskii (E. Fourn.) Griffiths. 

Chondrosium parryi E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 150. 1886. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: San Luis Potosf, 1 878, CC 
Parry & E. Palmer 943-1/2 [IT: US-8I7S3, US- 
883835], Publ. cites coll. no, 923-1/2 erroneously. 

NOTE: orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum parryi E. Fourn. 

= Boutcloua parryi (E. Fourn.) Griffiths. 

Chondrosium polysfachyum Bcnth., Bot. Voy. Sulphur 56. 

1844 T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Baja California Sur: 
Magdalena Bay, Barclay s.n. [I IT: K; IT: BM, US- 

A865566 (fragm. ex K)]. 
NOTE: "orth var." "Chondrosum". 
CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum polystachyum Benth. 
= Bouteloua barbata Lag. 

Chondrosium scorpoides (Lag.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 94. 

1829. Basionym: Bouteloua scorpioidesLtXg. 
NOTE: "orth. var," Chondrosum". 

CORRECT NAME: Chondro.sum scorpioides (Lag.) Kunth. 
= Bouteloua scorpioides Lag. 

Chondrosium simplex (Lag.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 94. 

1829. Basionym: Bouteloua simpIexLd.g. 
NOTE: "orth. var." "Chondrosum". 
CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum simplex (Lag.) Kunth. 
^ Bouteloua simplex Lag, 

Chondrosium subscorpioides Mull. Ilal., Bot. Zeitung 

(Berlin) 14: 347, 1856. T-Specim.: 1 of !. USA: 
California and Texas, I8-, G.fK. Barclay s.n. [HT: ?; 
IT: K, US-8883457 (fragm.)], CS\Baja California. 

NOTE: "orth. var." "Chondrosum", 

CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum subscorpioides Mull. Hal. 

^ Bouteloua barbala Lag. 

Chondrosium tenue P. Beauv. ex Kunlh, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 

176, 1816. 
NOTE: orth. var. Chondrosum. 

CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum tenue P. Beauv. ex Kunth. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Chondrosum Desv., Nouv. Bull Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 2: 

188. 1810. TYPE: Chondrosum procumbens (P. 
Durand) Desv. 
NOTE: as ''Chondrosum''. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 



1982. Basionym: Bouteloua barbata Lag. 
= Boutcloua barbata Lag. 

Chondrosum brevisetum (Vasey) Clayton, Kew Bull. 37: 418. 

1982. Basionym: Bouteloua breviseta Vasey. 
= Bouteloua breviseta Vasey, 

Chondrosum chascl (Swallcn) Clayton, Kew Bull. 37: 418. 

1982. Basionym: Bouteloua chascl Swallcn. 
= Boutcloua chasei Swallcn. 

Chondrosum drummondii E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 137, 1886. 

T-Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: Texas, Drummond 323 [ST: 
P; 1ST: LE, US-865677 (fragm), US-21829I7 
(fragm.), US-1063203 (fragm. ex F)], CS. 2 of 2. 
Mexico: La Miquiguana, Karwinski sm, [ST]. 

NOTE: as "Chondrosium" drummondii. 

= Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 

Chondrosum elatum (Reedcr & C. Rccder) Clayton, Kew 

Bull. 37: 418. 1982. Basionym: Bouteloua elata 
Reedcr & C. Reeder. 
= Bouteloua elata Reeder & C. Reeder. 

Chondrosum eriopodum Torr., Not. Milit. Reconn. 154. 

1848. T'Spccim.: I of 1. USA: New Mexico, Las 
Cruces, Wooton 458 [NT: US-A865571 (fragm.)], NT 
designated by Gould, Ann. Missouri BoL Card. 
66:397.1979. 

NOTE: as "Chondrosium" eriopodum. 

= Bouteloua eriopoda (Torr.) Torr. 

Chondrosum eriostachyum (Swallcn) Clayton, Kcw Bull. 37; 

418. 1982. Basionym: Bouteloua eriopoda var, 
eriostachya Swallcn. 
= Boutcloua eriostachya (Swallen) Reeder. 

Chondrosum exile E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 137. 1886. T- 

Protol.: Mexico, Berlandier 842. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico, J.L Berlandier 842 [HT: P; IT: US-865678 
(fragm. ex P),W]. 

NOTE: as ^'Chondrosium", 

= Boutcloua barbata Lag. 

Chondrosum foeneum Torr., Not. Milit. Reconn. 153, t. 12. 

1848. T-Protol.: USA: [New Mexico]: uplands 
bordering the valley of the Del Kovic. [Emory exped.J 
SM, T-Specim.: I of 3, USA: Rio Cabc/.a, Sep 1850, 
GJhurber 27 [T: Ij NY-73937]. 2 of 3. USA, 
Collector unspecified on label [T: I^: NY-73938]. 3 of 
3- USA, 9 Oct \%-\(>, Major W. H. Emoiy [T: I_: NY- 

73939]. 
NOTE: as "Chondrosium" focnum. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 

Chondrosum gracile Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 176, t. 58. 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Crescit in crcpidinibus el dcvexis 
montis porphyritici La Buffa de Guanaxuato 
Mexicanorum, alt. 1270 hexap., floret Seplcmbri, 
Humboldt d Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Guanajuato: La Bufa, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [HT: 
B-W-1628; IT: P, US-A865679 (fragm.)]. 



54 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



NOTE: as ^^Chondrosium" gracile. 

= Boutcloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Chondroaiim gracile \^r,polys(acliyiini Nees, Linnaea 19(6): 

692. 1847. T-Protol.: Mexico, Asclicnborn cxs. 153. T- 
Spccini: 1 of i. Mexico, no date,^, Aschcnbom 133 
[!IT: ?; IT: US-883615 (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: as "Chondrosium" gracilc var. polystachyum. 

= Boitleloiiii gracilis (Kunth) Tag. ex Grirfulis. 

Chondrositm liirsuiwn (Lag.) Sweet, Hurl. Brit. I: 455. 1826. 

Baslonym: Boutehua hirsufa Lag. 
NOTE: as "Cliondrosium". 

= Boutcloua hirsuta Lag. 

Chondrosum hirsutum \?iX. gkuididoswu (Cerv.) RAY. Pohl, 

Novon 2(2): 102. 1992. Basionym: Emcaria 
glandiilosa Cerv. 
= Boutcloua hirsuta var. glaiululosa (Cerv.) Gould. 

Chondrositm hirsutum Gould var. lursutum. 
= Bniiteloua hirsuta var. hirsuta. 



Chondrosum hirtum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. I; 176, I. 59. 1815 

[I SI 6]. T-Protol.: Crescit in tcmpcratis, apricis Novae 
Ilispaniae, inter Mexico ct Gasavc, alt. 1180 hex., 
floret Majo, Humboldt <&. Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: 1 
of L Mexico: inter Mexico et Gasavc, Humboldt & 
Bonplaud s.n. [IIT: P; IT: B-W-1626, M, LE-TRIN- 
2126.1, US-A865681 (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: as **Chondrosium" hirtum. 

= Boutcloua hirsuta Lag. 

Chondrosum humboldtianum Kunth, Revis. Grajnin. I: 93. 

1829. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrfl.; as "Chondrosium" 

humboldtianum. 
CORRECT NAME: D'mebra choudrosioides Kunth. 
= Boutcloua choudrosioides (Kunth) Benth. ex S. Watson. 

Chondrosum humile P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 41, 158. 

1812. 
NOTE: nom. nud.; as "Chondrosium". 
CORRECT NAME: Chondromm tenuc P. Beauv. ex Kunth. 
= Boutcloua simplex Lag. 

Chondrosum humHc P. Beauv, ex Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. I: 

175, t. 56, 1815 [1816]. T-Protol.: Crescit in frigidis 
cxsiccatis, argillosis propter Llactacnnga Quitcnsium 
ct in nionte Guadelupensi, cui urbs Santae Fidei 
Bogotensium subjecta est, alt. 1480-1690 hezap., 
floret Junio, Julio, Humboldt & Bouphnd s,n. T- 
Speeim.: 1 of 1. Ecuador: Crescit in frigidis cxsiccatis, 
argillosis propter Llactacunga Quitcnsium ct in Monte 
Guadelupensi, Humboldt A Bonpland s.n. [HT: P; IT: 

US-A865683 (fragm,)]. 
NOTE: as "Chondrosium" humile. 

— Boutcloua simplex Lag. 

Chondrosum karwlnskii E. Foura., Mcxic. PI. 2: 137. 1886. 

T-Protol.; Mexico: Caflon dc las Minas et Victoria, 
KarM-mski 1479 [HT: P?J. T-Spccim.:" I of L Mexico: 
Carton dc las Minas ct Victoria, Karmnsky 1479 [HT: 
P?; IT: LE, US-A865682 (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: as "Chondrosium" karwinskii Fourn. 

= Boutcloua karwinskii (E. Fourn.) Griffiths. 

Chondrosum kayi (Warnock) Clayton, Kcw Bull. 37: 418. 

1982. Basionym: Boutehua kayi Warnock. 
= Boutcloua kavi Warnock. 



Chondrosum microstachyum E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 138. 

1886. T-Protol.: Mexico: Qw^x&Au^c, Bourgcau 667. 

T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Guadelupe, 1865-1866,M 

Bourgeau 667 [IIT: P; IT: l.E, MO, US-74908, US- 

87194 (tragm)]. 
NOTE: as "Chondrosium" microstachyum. 
= Bouteldua barbata Lag. 

Chondrosum oligostachyum (Null.) Torr., Explor. Red River 

Louisiana 300. 1853. Basionym: Atheropogon 
oUgostachyus Nutt. 

NOTE: as "Chondrosium". 

= Boutcloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Chondrosum papillosum (Engclm.) Torr,, Explor. Red River 

Louisiana 300. 1853. Basionym; Atheropogon 
papillosus Engclm. 

NOTE; as "Chodrosium" pappilosum. 

= Boutcloua hirsuta var. hirsuta. 

Chondrosum parryi E. Fourn., Mexic. PI, 2: 150. 1886. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: circa San Luis de Potosi, Parry & 
Palmer 923 1/2 [error for 943 1/2]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: San Luis Potosi: circa San Luis Potosi, Ptarry 
& Palmer 943 1/2 [HT: BR?; IT: US-81783, US- 
883835]. 

NOTE: as "Chondrosium" parryi. 

REPLACED NAME: Chondrosium parryn E. Fourn. 

= Boutcloua parryi var. parryi. 

Chondrosum pectinatum (Feath.) Clayton, Kevv Bull. 37: 418. 

1982. Basionym: Boutehua peednafa Tealh. 
= Boutcloua hirsuta subsp. pcctinafa (Feath.) W'ipff & 

S.D. Jones. 

Chondrosum polystachyum Benth., Bot. Vo)'. Sulphur 56. 

1844. T-Protol.; Bay of Magdalena, ^arc/ajj' sm. T- 
Spccim.: I of I. Mexico: Baja California Sur: Bay of 
Magdalena, G.W. Barclay s.n. [IIT; K; IT: BM, US- 
865566 (fragm. ex K)]. 

NOTE: as "Chondrosium". 

= Boutcloua barbata Lag. 

Chondrosum polystachyum Trin. ex C. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2; 

136. 1886. T-Specim.. 1 of 1. Mexico: Lauredo: 
Laredo, 7^27 [T: LE-TRIN-2 130.01]. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Chondrosium trinii Fourn.; as 

"Chondrosium". 

= Boutcloua trifida Thurb. 
Chondrosum procumbens (P. Durand) Desv., Nouv. Bull. Sci. 

Soc. Philoin. Paris 2: 188. 1810. Basionym; CA/a//.^ 

procumbens P. Durand. 
NOTE: as "Chondrosium". 
= Boutcloua simplex Lag. 

Chondrosum procumbens (P. Durand) Desv. ex P. Beauv., 

Ess. Agrostogr. I: 41, 158, I. 9, f. 7. 1812. Basionym: 

Chloris procumbens P. Durand. 
NOTE: ison) m; as "Chondrosium". 
E.NAME: Chondrosimi procumbens {P. Durand) Desv. 
CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum procumbens (P. Durand) 

Desv. 
= Boutcloua simplex Lag. 

Chondrosum prosfratum (hort. ex Lag.) Sweet, Hort. Brit. 1: 

455. 1826. Basionym: Boutcloua prostraia hort. ex 

Lag. 
NOTE: as "Chondrosium". 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



55 



= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Chondrosum prostratum (hort. ex Lag.) Kunth, Rcvis. 

Gramin. 1: 94. 1829. B:\s\onym: Boufeloua prostrata 
hort. ex Lag. 
NOTE; as "Chondrosium"; comb, illcg. supcrtL 
E. NAME: Chondrosum prostratum (hort. ex Lag.) Sweet. 
CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum prosfrafum (hort. ex Lag.) 

Sweet. 
= BouU'loua simplex Lag. 

Chondrosum scorpioides (Lag.) Kunth. Revis. Gramin. L 94. 

1829. Basionym: Bouteloua scorpioides Lag. 
NOTE: as "Chondrosium". 
= Bouteloua seorpioides Lag. 

Chondrosum simplex (Lag.) Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. I: 94. 

1829. Basionym: Bouteloua simptexLsig. 
NOTE: as "Chondrosium" simplex. 
= BouteloiiH simplex Lag. 

Chondrosum subscorpioides Mull. Hal., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 

14(20): 347. 1856. T-Protol.: Palria California, 
Barclay s.n., Watson donavit. T-Spccim.: 1 of L 
Mexico: Baja California, Barclay s,n. [IIT: ?; IT; K, 
US-883457{fragm.)]. 
NOTE: as '^Chondrosium" subscorpioides. 

= Bouteloua barbata Lag. 

Chondrosum temic P. Bcauv,, Ess. Agrostogr. 41, 158. 1812. 
NOTE: nom. nud,; as "Chondrosium". 
CORRECT NAME: Chondrosum tenue P. Beauv. ex Kunth. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Chondrosum tenue P. Beauv. ex Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 

176, I. 57. 1816. T-Prulol.: Crcscit in alta planitie 
Novae Ilispaniac prope Mexico ct San Aguslin de las 
Cuevas, alt. 1160 hexap., floret Sc^icmhuJIumboldt 
& Bonpland s.n. T-Speclm.: 1 of 1. Mexico; Novae 
Hispaniac propc Mexico et San Agusttn dc las Cuevas, 

Humholt (4 Bonplands.n. [HT: P?J. 
NOTE: as "Chondrosium" tenue. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 

Chondrosum trifidum (Thurb,) Clayton, Kew Bull. 37; 418. 

1982. Basionym: Bouteloua trifidaJhmh, 
= Bouteloua trifida Thurb. 

Chondrosum trlnii \L. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 136. 1886. T- 

Protol.: [USA]: Texas: Laredo, in prov., Berkmdier 
1427, "Ch, (?) polystachyum Trin. in sched. non 
Bcntli.". T-Specim.; 1 of 1. USA: Texas: Webb Co.: 
Laredo, IL Berlandier 1427 [HT; P; IT: GH, K, LE^ 
TRIN-2130.01, US-883356, US-A1186684 (fragm. 1 
ex P, 2 ex W), US-204622, US-108418 (ex BM)]. 
NOTE: cites '*Ch. (?) polystachyum Trin. in sched., non. 

Benth.". 

- Bouteloua trlTida Thurb. 

Chondrosum virletii E. Fourn. ex Hcmsl., Biol. Ccnt.-Amer., 

Bot. 3:564. 1885. 
NOTE: as "Chondrosium". 

CORRECT NAME; Chondrosum virletii E. Fourn. 
= Bouteloua trifida Thurb. 

Chondrosum virletii E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 136. 1S86. T- 

Protol.; Mexico: San Luis de Putosi, Virlet 1373. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 2. Mexico: San Luis Potosi, 1851,K/>/e^ 
J373 [LT: P; IT: US-865685 (fragm.)], LT designated 



by Griffiths, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 14: 423 (1912). 2 
of2. 

NOTE: as "Chondrosium" virletii. 

= Bouteloua trifida Thurb. 

Cinua arachnoidca (Poir.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 67. 

1829. Basionym: Agrostis arachnoides Poir. 
= Muhlenbcrgia expansa (Poir.) Trin. 

Cinna lanata (Kunth) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. I: 67. 1829. 

Basionym: Agrostis lanata Kunth. 
= Muhlenbergia pubescens (Kunth) Ilitchc. 

Cinna lateriflora (Michx.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 67. 

1829. Basionym: Agrostis lateriflora Michx. 
= Muhlenbergia frondosa (Poir.) Fcrnald. 

Cinna macroura (Kunth) Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. 1: 67. 1829. 

Basionym: Crypsis macroura Kunth. 
= Muhlenbcrgia macroura (Kunth) Hitchc. 

Cinna mcxicana (L.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 32, 148, 158. 

1812. Basionym: Agrostis mexicana L. 
= Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin. 

Cinna phleoides {¥.m\\\\) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1. 67. 1829. 

Basionym: Crypsis phleoidesYiun\.\\. 
= Muhlenbergia angustata (J. Prcsl) Kunth. 

Cinna pubescens (Kunth) Kunth, Rcvis, Gramin. i: 67. 1829. 

Basionym: Agrostis pubescens Kunth. 
= Muhlenbergia pubescens (Kunth) Ilitchc. 

Cinna racemosa (Michx.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 67. 1829. 

Basionym: Agrostis racemosa Michx. 
= Muhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggcnb. 

Cinna setifolia (J. Prcsl) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. Suppl. xvi. 

1830. Basionym: Crypsis setifolia J. PresL 
= Muhlenbcrgia macroura (Kunth) Ilitchc. 

Cinna sob ol if era (Muhl. ex Willd.) Link, Enum. llort. Berol. 

All. 1: 71. 1821. \idis\Qwyw\\ Agrostis sobolifera^uhX. 
ex Willd. 
= Muhlenbergia sobolifcra (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. 

Cinna striata (Kunth) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. I: 67. 1829. 

Basionym: Crypsis striata Kunth. 
= Muhlenbergia angustata (J. PresI) Kunth. 

Cinna tenuiflora (Willd.) Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. All. 1:71. 

1821, Basionym: Agrostis tenuiflora Willd. 

= Mulilenbergia tenuiflora (Willd.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggcnb. 



Cladoraphis Franch., Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 1: 

673. 1887. TYPE: Cladoraphis duparquetii 1 ranch. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Cynodunteae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1 . 

Cladoraphis cyperoides (Thunb.) S.M. IMiillips, Kcw Bull. 

37(1): 159, 1982. ^^lonyvn'. Poa cyperoides Thwwb. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Gibbs Russell. G. E, W. G. Welman, 

E. Reitief, K. L. Immclman, G. Germishuizcn, B. J. 
Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 
(1987). 



56 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



SYN.: Brizopyrum cyperoides (Tluiiib.) Nees; Eragrostis 

cyperoides (Thunb.) P. Beauv.; Poa cyperoides 
Thunb. 

Clomena P, Bcauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 28. 1812. TYPE: 

Clomena peruviana P. Bcauv. 

= Muhlenbergia Schreb. 

Clomena peruviana P. IJcauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 28, t. 7, f. 10; 

t. 3, f. 20. 1812. T-Protol.: Peru: "P!. nouv. 
Communiqiice.", A/ Thihaut s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
WxM.Thibauts.n. [HT: P]. 
= Muhietibcrgia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Steud. 

Clomena peruviana P. Beauv. \^. peruviana, 
= Muhlenbergia peruviana {P. Bcauv,) Sleucl. 

Clomena peruviana \^v. pulvinata Nees, Nova Acta Phys.- 

Mcd. Acad. Caes. Lcop. -Carol. Nat. Cur. 19(Suppl. 1): 
12. 184L T'Protol: Peru: "pfanis suniniis iugi 
Peruvian! ad lacum Titicacam: Apr, Meyen s.n. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Peru: Lake Til\cac<i, Meyen s.n, [liV: 
B; IT; US-3376134 (fragm. ex B)]. 

NOTE: see also p. 144(1843). 

= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Beauv ) Sleud. 

Colpodium compressum Trin., Neue Entdeck. PHanzenk. 2: 

58. 1821. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Vilfa compressa Triu. 
= Muhlenbergia torreyana (Scliult.) Hitchc. 

Colpodium junceum (P. Bcauv.) Trin., Neuc Entdeck. 

IMlanzenk. 2: 37. 1821. Basiouynr. Heleochloa Juncea 
P. Beauv. 

= Sporohnlus junceus (P. Bcauv.) Kunth. 



Cottea Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 84. 1829. JYPE.Coiiea 

pappophoroidcs Kunth. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: i>appophoreae. NO. ACCFI D. SPP.: 1. 

Cottea pappophoroidcs Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 84. 1829. 

T-Protol.: Peru, Anon. [?]. T-Specim.: 1 of E Peru, 



Craspedorhachis texana Parodi \2iX.texana. 
= Willkommia texana var. texana. 

Crossotropis Stapf, Fl. Cap. 7: 317. 1 898. TYPE: 

Crossotropis grandiglwnis (Nees) Rendle. 
= Trichoncura Andcrsson. 

Crypsidinae subtrib. Maire & Wcilcr, Fl. Afrique N. 2: 89. 

1953. 
NOTE: nom. inval., \vithout Latin description. 

Crypsinna E. Fourn., Mexic. PL 2: 90. 1886. TYPE: 

Crypsinna macroura (Kunth) E. Fourn. 
= Muhk'nbergia Schreb. 

Crypsinna hreviglumis M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 14: 8. 

1912. T'ProtoL: Mexico: Cliihuahua: Guayanopa 
Canyon, Sierra Madre Mts., Sep 1903,A/£. Jones s.n. 
T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Chihuahua, 1903, A/.£. 

Jones s.n. [IT: US-3 168555 (fragm.)]. 
= Muhlenbergia dubia E. Fourn. 

Crypsinna macroura (Kunth) E. Fourn,, Mexic. PL 2: 90. 

1886. Basionym: Cr}psis macroura Kunth. 
= Muhlenbergia maeroura (Kuntli) FFitchc. 

Crypsinna rigens (Bcnlh.) M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 14: 8. 

1912. Basionym: Epicampes rigens Benth. 
= Muhlenbergia rigens (Bcnth.) Hitchc. 

Crypsinna setifolia (J. Prcsl) E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 90. 

1886. Basionym: Crypsis setifolia S. Presl. 
= Muhlenbergia macroura (Kunth) Hitchc. 

Crypsinna sefiglumis M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 14: 8. 1912. 

T-Protok: Mexico: Chihuahua: Marsh Lake, Sierra 
Madre Mts. near Garcia in dry pine woods: Sep 1903, 
M. E. Jones s. n. 
= Muhlenbergia dubia E. Fourn, 

Crypsinna striata (Kunth) E. Fourn., Mexic. PL 2: 90. 1886. 

Basionym: Crypsis stricta Kunth. 
= Muhlenbergia angustata (J. Prcsl) Kunth. 



1820, Coll. Ukn. s.n. [IT: US-A865660 (fragm. ex B- CiypSlS Alton, Horlus Kew. 1: 48. 7 Aug-1 Oct 1789 



W)]. 
DST.; Argc, Boli, Ecua, Mexi, Peru, USA. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Brako, L. & J. L. 
Zarucchi (1993); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston 
(1970); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Jorgcnsen, P. M. & S. Lcon- 
Yancz (eds.) (1999); Macbride, L F. (1936); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); 
Shrcve, F. & 1. L. Wiggins (1964); Tovar, 6. (1993); 
Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 
Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pcnsiero & A. M. Cialdclla 
(1994). 

Cottcitjae subtrib. Rccder, Madroi'io 18: 25. 1965. 

Craspedorhachis texana (Hitchc.) Pilg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 74: 

27. 1947. Basionym: Willkommia texana \V\id\c. 
= Willkommia texana Hitchc. 

Craspedorhachis texana var, stolonifera (Parodi) Pilg., Bot. 

Jahrb. Syst. 74: 27. 1945. 
= Willkommia texana var. stolonifera Parodi. 



TYPE: Crypsis aculeata (L.) Alton. 
NOTE: nom. cons. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P.M. 
NHT: Sporobolinae. NO. ACCPTD, SPP.; 3. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Hammel, B. E. & J. R. Reeder, (1979). 
SYN,: Antliragus Gacrtn.; Ceytosis Munro, Heleochloa 

Host ex Roem.; Pallasia Scop.; Pechea Lapcyr.; 

Raddia Mazziari; Torgesia Bornm. 

Crypsis alopecuroides (Filler &. Mittcrp.) Schrad., Fl. Germ. 

1: 167. 1806. Basionym: /V^/t^r/m alopecuroides Piller 
& Mitterp. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Baldini, R, M. (1995); Cronquist, A., 

A. H Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal 
(1977); Hammel, B. E. & J. R. Reeder (1979); 
Hickman, J. C. (1993). 
SYN.: Crypsis explicata (Link) F. Herm.; Crypsis 

pJialaroides M. Bicb.; Heleochloa alopecuroides 

(Filler & Mittcrp.) Host, Phalaris explicata Link; 
Phalaris geniculafa Sihth, & Sm.; Phleum 

alopecuroides Piller & Mitterp. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



57 



Crypsis compacia Steud., Syn. PI. Gluniac. 1: 151. 1855. T- Crypsis vaginillora (Forssk.) Opiz, Naluralientausch 8: 83. 



Prolol.: Senegal. 
= Crypsis vaginiflora (Forssk.) Opiz. 

Cry-psis expUcata (Link) F. llcrin., Hcrcynia 1: 121. 1937. 

Basioiijm; Phalaris explicata Link. 
NOTE: in obs.; cf. Mansf. Feddc, Repert, 45: 230, 1938. 
= Crypsis alopccuroidcs (Filler & Mittcrp.) Schrad. 

Crypsis juncca (P. Beaiiv.) Stciid., Nomencl. Bot. 1: 242. 

1821. Basionym: Heleochloajuncea P. Bcaiiv. 
= Sporobohis junceus (P. Beauv.) Kunth. 

Crypsis macroura Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 140. 1815 [1816]. 

T-Protol.: Crescit in apricis montanis regni Mcxicani 
juxta montcm Tolucae, alt. 1760 hexap. Floret 
St\i\.cw\hn, Humboldt & Bonplmid s,n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 
1. Mexico: Mexico: near the Nevado de Toluca, Sep, 
F.W.H.A. von Humboldt & AJ.A. Bonpland s.n. [HT: 
P; IT: US-A865654 (fragm.)]. 
= Muhlenbcrgia macroura (Kunth) Hitchc. 

Cry^psis niliacea Fig. & De Not., Mem. Acad. Roy. Sci. Turin 

14: 322. 1854. T-Protol.: Egypt: In insulis niloticis 
Algypti inferioris. 
-Crypsis vaginiflora (Forssk.) Opiz. 

Crypsis phalaroides M. Bieb., Fl. Taur.-Caucas. I: 45. 1808. 

T-Protol.: Prouenit in desertis sabulosis Caucaso 

finitimis: etiam in sabulis ad Wolgam circa coloniam 

Sarcptanam. 
= Crypsis alopecuroides (Filler & Miltcrp.) Schrad. 

Crypsis phleoides Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 140. 1815 [1816]. 

T-Specim,: 1 of 1. Venezuela: Sucre, no dale, 
F.W.H.A. von Humboldt & A.J.A. Bonpland s.n. [IIT: 
P; IT: US-A865652 (fragm. ex P)]. 
= Muhlenbergia angustata (J. Presl) Kunth. 

Crypsis schoenoidcs (L.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 166, t. 42, f 

1. 1791. Basionym: Phleum schocnoidesh. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1987); Bor, N. L. 

(1960); Cronquist, A., A. II. Holmgren, N. H. 

Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); Espejo Serna, A., 

A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1991); Gould, F. W. 

& R. Moran (1981); Hammel, B. E. & J. R. Reeder 

(1979); Hickman, J. C. (1993); Phillips, S. (1995). 
SYN.: Heleochloa schoenoides (L.) Host; Phleum 

schoenoides L. 

dypsis setifolia J. Prcsl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 245. 1830. T- 

Prolol.: Hab. in Mexico, Haeiike s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 
1. Mexico, T Ihienkes.n. [IT: US-A865655 (fragm.)]. 
= Muhlenbcrgia macroura (Kunth) Hilchc. 

Crypsis squarrosa Null., Gen. N. Amer. PI. 1: 49. 1818. T- 

Protol.: [USA]: South Dakota: On arid plains near the 
Grand Dcour of tlic Missouri, Nutall s.n. 
- Munroa squarrosa (Nutt.) Torr. 

Cryp5/5^r/-/c/^Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 140. 1815 [1816]. T- 

ProtoL: Crescit in frigidis, pracruptis Andium inter 
Ipiales et Guachiical, alt. 1614 hcx^p., Humboldt & 
Bonpland SM. T-Specim.: 1 of L Peru: Prov. de los 
Pastos, no date, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [IT: US- 
A865653 (fragm. ex B-VV)]. 
= Muhlenbcrgia angustata (J. Presl) Kunth. 



1823, Basionym: Phalaris vaginiflora Forssk. 
DST.:Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Baldini, R. M. (1995); Gould, F. W. 

& R. Moran (1981); Hnmmcl, H. E. & J. R. Reeder 

(1979), Hickman, J. C. (1993); Phillips, S. (1995). 
SYN.: Crypsis compacta Si^ud^:, Crypsis niliacea Fig. & De 

Not.; Heleochloa compacta (Stcud.) T. Durand & 

Schinz; Phalaris vaginiflora Forssk. 

Crypsis virginica (L.) Nutt., Gen. N. Amer PI. 1: 49. 1818. 

Basionym: Agrostis virginica L. 
- Sporobolus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 

Ctypiostachys Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 181. 1854. TYPE: 

Cryptostachys xaginata Stcud. 
= Sporobolus R. Br. 

Cryptostachys vaginata Steud., Flora 33: 229. 1850. T- 

Protol.: [USA]; "Am. seplr." North America. 

NOTE; nom. nud. 

= Sporobolus vaginiflorus (Torr. ex A. Gray) Alph. Wood. 

Cryptostachys vaginata Stcud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 181. 

1854. T-Protol.: [USA]: "Am. septr." North America. 
= Sporobolus vaginiflorus (Torr. ex A. Gray) Alph. Wood. 



Ctenium Panz., Idcen Revis. Gras. 38, 61. 1813. TYPE: 

Ctenium caroliniunum Panz, 
NOTE: nom. cons. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NUT: Cynodonteae.NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 10. 
CNSLTD. LIT.; Longhi-Wagner, H. M., (1988). 
SYN.: Aplocera Raf ; Campuloa Desv.; Campulosus Desv.; 

Monulhera Raf; Monocera Elliott; Triatherus Raf 

Ctenium aniericanum Spreng., Syst. Vcg. 1: 274. 1825. T- 

Protol.: Amer. bor T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Carolina, 
no date, LA.G^ Bosc s.n. [IT; US-2606901 (fragm. ex 
B)]. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood, Class-book 

Bot. (ed. 1861) 806. 1861. Basionym: Aegilops 
aromatica Waller. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Darke, R. 

(1999); Fernald, M. (1950); Gleason, 11. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 
(1991); Godfrey, R. K. & J. W^ Wooten (1979); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Radford, A. E., H. E. Abies 
& C. R. Belt (1968), Swalicn, J. R. (1939); 
Wunderlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Aegilops aromatica V^?\\ct\ Aplocera maritima Raf; 

Campuloa gracilis Desv.; Campuloa monostachya 
(Michx.) Roem. & Schult.; Campulosus aromaticus 
(Walter) Scribn., Campulosus aromaticus Trin. ex 
Stcud.; Campulosus gangitis (L.) Kuntze; 
Campulosus gracilior Desv.; Campulosus gracilis 
BertoL; Campulosus monostachyus (Michx.) P. 
Beanv.; Chloris monostachya Michx.; Chloris 
piperita Michx. ex Stcud.; Ctenium americanum 
Spreng.; Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Hitchc; 
Ctenium carolinianwn Pduz.; Ctenium gangitum (L.) 
Drucc; Cynodon monostachyos (P. Beauv.) Raspail; 



58 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



Monerma gangitis (L.) Roem. & ^chuh., Monocera 
aromatica (Walter) Elliott; Nardus gangitis L,; 
Nardus scorpioides Lam.; Rottboellia scorpioides 
Poir. ex Steud.; Triatherus aromaticus Raf. 

Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Ilitclic, Rliodora 8(95): 210. 

1906. Basionym: Aegllops aromatica Walter. 
NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Ctenium aromalicum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Ctenium brachystachyum (>Jees) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 275. 

1 833. Basionym: Campidosus brachystachyus Nees. 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse. G.. M. Sousa S. & A. O. 

Chater (editores generales) (1994); Pohl, R. W. & G. 
Davidse (1994); Swallen, J. R. (1939). 

Ctenium lloridanum (Ilitchc.) Hitehc., Proc. Biol. Soc. 

Wash. 41: 162. 1928. Basion>m: Campulosus 
floridanus Ilitchc. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Swallen, J. 

R. (1939); Wundcrlin, R. P. (199S). 
SYN.: Campulosus floridanus Hitehc. 



NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as in 1835 ed.) Ctenium gangitum (L.) Druce, Bot. Exch. Club Brit. Isles 



XXII. 
DST.: Braz, Para. 
LVI. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY; DolK T C. (1878), Filgiieiras, T. S. 

(1991); Filgueiras, T. S. (1999); Longhi-Wagner, H. 

M. (I98S), Renvoize, S, A. (1988). 
SYN.: Campulosus brachystachyus 'Nets. 

Ctenium brcvispicatum J.G. Sm., Bot. Gaz. 21; 363. 1896, 

T'ProtoI.; Brazil: Campulosus hrachystachytis N^^s ab 

Esenb. 

NOTE: based on Campulosus brachystachyus sensu. Trin., 

Sp. Gram. 3:302(1836). 

DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1, 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Eilgueiras, T. S. (1991); Filgueiras, 

T. S. (1999), Longhi-Wagner, H. M. (1988), Loaghi- 
Wagner, II M. (1990); Renvoize, S. A. (1988). 

SYN.: Ctenium trifiii Ekman. 

Ctenium carolinianum Panz., Denkschr. Bayer. Bot. Ges. 

Regensburg 4: 311, t. 13, f. 1-2. 1813 [1814]. T^ 
Protol.: USA: Habitat in sylvis Carolinae inferiores. 

NOTE: nom. illeg. siiperfl. 

= Ctenium Hromaticuiu (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Ctenium chapadense (Trin.) Doll, FL Bras. 2(3): 73. 1878. 

Basionym: Campulosus chapadensis Trin. 
DST.: Boli, Braz, 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Doll, J. C (1878); Filgueiras, T. S. 

(1991); Filgueiras, T. S. (1999), Longhi-Wagner, H. 

M. (1988), Longhi-Wagner, R M. (1990); Renvoize, 

S. A. (1984). 

SYN.: Campuloa chapadensis Trin. ex Y)o\\^ Campulosus 

chapadensis Trin. 

Ctenium cirrosum (Nees) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 2: 445, t. 

136. 1831. Basionym: Campulosus cirrosus^ecs. 
DST.: Braz, Suri. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: D(3ll, J. C (1878); Filgueiras, T. S. 

(1991), Filgueiras, T. S. (1999), Judziewicz, E. J. 
(1990); Longhi-Wagner, H, M. (1990). 
SYN.: Campulosus cirrosus Nees. 

Ctenium toncissum Swallen, N. Amer. Fl. 17(8): 601. 1939. 

T-Protol.: Panama: Cocid: collected at Picacho de Ola, 
alt. 350-600 m, Pinier 5065 [IIT: US-715193]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Panama: Coclti: Pichacho de Ola, 8 
Dec 1911,// Pinier 5063 [\\T: US-715193]. 
DST.: Pan a. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



Rep. 3: 416. 1914. Basionym: Nardus gangitis \., 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph Wood. 

Ctenium glandulosum Scribn. & J.G. Sm., Bot. Gaz. 21(6): 

362. 1 896. T-Protol.: Mexico: Oaxaca: collected 

between Nielepec and Zanatepec, 15 Jul \i95, Nelson 

2814. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Oaxaca: between 

Nictcpec and Zanatcpec, 15 Jul \^9i. Nelson 2814 

[HT: US-878837]. 
= Ctenium planifolium (J. PresI) Knnth. 

Ctenium planifolium (J. PresI) Kunth, Enum. Pi. 1: 275. 

1833. Basionym: Campulosus planifolius i. PresI. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVU ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater 

(editores generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 

L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Pohl, R. 

W. & G. Davidse (1994), Swallen, J. R. (1939). 
SYN.: Campulosus planifolius J. Prest; Ctenium 

glandulosum Scribn. & J.G. Sm. 

Ctenium pluinosum (Hitehc.) Swallen, N. Amer. Fl. 17(8): 

602. 1939. Basionym: Campulosus plumosus Hitehc. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL, ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. 

(1987); Espejo Serna, A., A, R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); McVaugh, R. (1983); Swallen, 
J. R. (1939). 
SYN.: Campidosus plumosus llilehc, 

Ctenium polyslaehyum Balansa, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 32: 

244. 1885. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Paraguay, 18 1844,fi. 

Balansa 4341 (PL DU PAMG.) [ST: US-2606905]. 2 
of 3. Paraguay: 24 1876, B. Balansa 196 (PI. du 
Parag) [ST: US-865648 (fragm. ex P)]. 3 of 3. 
Paraguay, Balansa 2962 [ST]. 

DST.: Braz, Para. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Longhi-Wagner. H. M. (1988); 

Renvoize, S. A. (1988). 

Ctenium trinii Ekman, Ark. Bot. 13(10): 45. 1913. T-Protol.: 

Brazil. 

NOTE: Based on Campidosus brachystachyus Nees sensu 

Trin., Sp. Gram. 3:302(1836). 
CORRECT NAME: Ctenium brevispicatum J.G. Sm. 

= Ctenium brevispicatum J.G. Sm. 
Cyclosiachya Reeder & C Reeder, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

90: 195. 1963. TYPE: Cyclostachya stolonifera 
(Scribn.) Reeder & C Reeder. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



59 



Cyclostachya stolonifera (Scribn.) Rccdcr & C. Reeder, Bull 

Torrcy Bot. Club 90; 196. 1963. ^^'::>\ony\\\\Boiite}oua 
slolonifera Scribn. 
= Bouteloua recclcroruin Columbus. 



= Tridens flavus (L.) Ilitchc. 

Cynodon ciliatus (Sw.) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 303 

1825. Basionym: Chloris ciliata Sw. 
= Chloris ciliata Sw. 



Cynodon Ricb., Syn. pi. l: 85. 1805. TYPE: Cynodon Cynodon cn4ciafm(L) R^sp^\l Ann. Scl^nl (Vmh) 5:303. 



dactylon (L.) Pers. 
NO i'E: nom. cons. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M 

NUT: Cynodontcae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 17 SUBSP.: 13. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Harlan, J. R., ] M. J. de Wet, W. W. 

Huffine & J. R, Dcakin, (1970); Caro, J. A. & E. 
Sanchez, (1969). 

SYN.: Capriola Adans.; Dactilon Vill.; Fibichia Koelcr. 

Cynodon abyssinicus (Jacq.) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat. (Paris) 5: 

302. 1825. Basionym: Poa abyssinica Jncq. 
= Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter. 

Cynodon aethiopicus Clayton & J.R. Harlan, Kew Bull. 24: 

187. 1970. T-Protol.: Ethiopia, de Wet OKLA9224 
[HT: K]. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Clayton, W. D. & J. R. Harlan 

(1970); Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Welman, E. 

Reitief, K. L. Immelnian, G. Germisliuizen, B. J. 

Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 

(I987);Phillips, S. (1995). 

Cynodon affinis Caro & E.A. Sanchez, Kurtziana 5: 223, f. 

7. 1969. T-ProtoK: Argentina: Camino entre General 
Madariaga y Conesa, 28 Jan 1960, Nicora 69'^6 [HT: 
BAA]. 
DST.: Arge,Braz, Chil, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allem, A. C. & J. R M. Vails 

(1987); Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1969); Caro, J. A. 
& E. Sanchez (1970); Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada 
(1985); Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 

Agrasar, O. Morronc. J. Pcnsiero & A. M. Cialdella 
(1994). 
SYN.: Cynodon dactylon vm.affmis (Caro & E.A. Sanchez) 

Romero Zarco. 

Cynodon amabiUs (L.) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 5: 302. 

1825. Basionym: Poa aniabilis L. 
= Fragrostis aniabilis (L.) Wight & Arn. ex Nees. 

Cynodon aristiglumis Caro & E.A. Sanchez, Kurtziana 5: 

236, f. 11. 1969. T-Protol.: Argentina: Rio Negro: 
Dpto. Avellancda: Isia Choele-Choel, Brazo Sud del 
rio Negro-Silbn, 14 Feb 1948, Boelcke & Serrano 
3 J 71 [1 IT: BAA]. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pcrs. 

Cynodon aristulatus Caro & E.A. Sanchez, Darwiniana 17: 

514, f. 2. 1972. T-Protol.: Peru: San Martin: Tingo 
Maria, 625-1100 m, near Huallaga River at Tingo 
Maria, 30 Oct 1949-19 Feb 1951,//.^. Allard 22027 
[HT: US-201I844]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Peru: San 
Martin, 30 Oct 1949-19 Feb \950,H.A. Allard 22027 
[HT:US-20!1844]. 

= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Cynodon caroliniafms (P. Beauv.) Raspail, Ann, Sci. Nat., 

Bot. 5: 302. 1825. B:iSionym. Tricuspis caroliniana P. 
Beauv. 



1825. Basionym: Agrostis cruciata L. 
= Chloris cruciata (L.) Sw 

Cynodon curtipendula (Michx.) Raspail. Ann. Sci. Nat. 

(Paris) 5: 303. 1825. Basionym; C///on.y curtipendula 
Michx. 

= Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx ) Torr. 

Cynodon cynosuroldes (L.) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 5: 

303. 1825. Basionym: Dactylis cynoswoides L. 
= Spartina cynosuroides(L.) Roth. 

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers., Syn. PI. I: 85. 1805. 

Basionym: Panicum dactylon L. 

DST.: Arge, Beli, Boli, Braz, Cana, Cari, ChiK CoRi, Ecua, 

ElSa. FrGu, Guat, Gti>a. llond. Mexi, Nica, Pana, 
Peru, Suri, USA, Urug, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C. D. (1972); Allem, A. C. 

& J. F. M. Vails (1987); Anderson, D. E. (1974); 
Balick, M. J., M. II. Nee & D. E. Atha (2000); 
Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); 
Berendsohn, W. G. & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez 
(1991); Bor, N. L. (1960); Brako, L. & J L. Zarucchi 
(1993); Breedlove. D. E. (1986); Burkart, A. (1969); 
Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1969); Caro, J. A. & E. 
Sanchez (1970); Catasus Guerra, L. (1997); Clayton, 
W. D. & J. R, Harlan (1970); Correll, D. S. & M. C. 
Johnston (1970); Cowan, C. P. (1983); Cronquist, A., 
A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J> L. Reveal 
(1977); Davidsc, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chatcr 
(editores gencrales) (1994); Oodson, C. H. & A. H. 
Gentry (1978); Doll, J. C. (1878); Edgar, E., H. E. 
Connor & J. E. Shand (1991); Espejo Serna, A., A. 
R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), 
Fernald, M. (1950); Filgueiras, T. S. (1991); 
Filgueiras, T. S. (1999), Foster, R. C. (1958), Glbbs 
Russell, G. E, W. G. Welman, E. Reitief, K. L. 
Immclman, G. Gcrmishuizcn, B. J. Picnaar, M. van 
Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Gleason, H. 
A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. 

Cronqnist (1991); Gould, F. W (1979); Gould, F. W. 
& R. Moran (1981); Great Plains Flora Association 
(1986); Hickman, J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ovvnbey 
& J, W. Thompson (1969); Jorgensen, P. M. & C. 
Ulloa U. (1994); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez 
(eds.) (1999); Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); Killeen, T. J. 
(1990); Lawcsson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bcntley 
(1987); Lazarides, M. (1972); Levin, G. A. & R. 
Moran (1989); Lindeman, J. C. & A. L. StofTers 
(1963); Liogier, H. & L. Marlorell (1982); Long, R. 
W. & O. Lakela (1971); Marticorena, C. & M. 
Quezada (1985); McClure, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, 
R. (1983); Molina R., A^ (1975); Munz, P. A. & D. 
D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); Nicora, E. G., 
M. E. De Paula, A. M. Faggi, M. del C. Mariano, A. 
M. Miante A., L, R. Parodi, C. A. Petetin, F. A. Roig 

& Z Rugolo de Agrasar (1978); ORSTOM (1988); 
Phillips, S. (1995); Pohl, R. W. (1980); Pohl R. W. 



60 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



(1994); Porter, D. M. (1983); Radford, A. E., H. E. Cynodon dactylon var. elegam Rendle, Cat. Afr. PI. 2(1): 



Ahlcs & C. R. Bell (1968); Rceder, J. R. & C. G. 
Rccdcr (1971); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1984); Renvoize, S. 
A. (1988); Rcnvoizc, S. A. (1998); Rosengurtt, B., B. 
R. Arrillaga de MalTci & P. Izagiiirre de Artucio 
(1970); Santos, A. M. P. V. dos & S. de Castro 
Boechat (1994); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 [1979]); 
Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964), Skottsbcrg, C. 
(1922); Smith, L. B., D C. Wasshauscn & R. M. 
Klein (1981); Sousa S., M. & E. F. Cabrera C. 
(1983), Tovar, 6. (1993); Veldkamp, J. F. (1973); 
Voss, E. G. (1972); Wiggins, I. L. & D. M. Porter 
(1971), Wimderlin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN,: Agrost'is bermudiana Tussac ex Kunth; Agrostis 

fdiformis J. KOnig ex Kunth, Caphola dactylon (L.) 
Hitchc.; Caphola dactylon (L.) Kuntze; Chloris 
cynodon Trin.; Chloris paytcnsis Steud.; Cynodon 
aristiglumis Caro & E.A. Sanchez; Cynodon 
aristulatus Care & E.A. Sanehez; Cynodon dactylon 
fo. vivipara Becllc; Cynodon dactylon subsp. 
glabratiis (Steud.) Cliev.; Cynodon dactylon var 
elegans Rendle; Cynodon dactylon var. glabratus 
(Steud.) Chiov.; Cynodon erectus J. Presl, Cynodon 
glabraius Steud.; Cynodon occidentalis Willd. ex 
Steud.; Cynodon pascuus Nccs; Cynodon polevamii 
Stent; Cy}wdon portoricensis Willd. ex Steud,; 
Cynodon tenuis Trin. ex Spreng.; Cynodon 
itmbellatus (Lam.) Caro; Cynosunis dactylon (L.) 

Pers.; Cynosurus timflorus Walter; Dactilon 
officinale Vill.; Digitaria dactylon (L.) Scop.; 
Digifaria ghunaepatida (Steud.) Miq.; Digitaria 
littoralis Saiisb.; Digifaria stolonlfera Schrad.; 
Fibichia dactylon (L.) Beck; Fibichia wnbellata 
Kocler; Milium dactylon (L.) Moench; Panicuni 
dactylon L.; Panicuni ghunaepatuhun Steud., 
Paspcdum dactylon (L.) Lsim.; Paspalum umbellatum 
Lam.; Fhleitm dactylon Pall, ex Georgi. 

Cynodon dactylon var. afpnis (Caro & E.A. Sanchez) 

Romero 7arco, Lagascalia 14(1): 171. 1986. 
Basionym: Cynodon afpnis Caro & E.A. Sanchez. 
= Cynodon affinis Caro & E.A. Sanchez. 

Cynodon dactylon var. aridus J.R. Harlan & de Wet, Crop 

Sci. (Madison) 9: 774. 1969. T-ProtoL: South Africa: 

Buffclsvlei, tlufpne -f 1-219 [UT: CLL]. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

Cynodon dactylon var. biflorus Merino, Fl. Galicia 3: 310. 

1909. T-ProloL: (Herbar. num.l.938).La variedad muy 
rata vivc en nuestra costa cntrc La Guardia y la 
parroqui de Oya, y tambien en la Toja, Pontcvcdra. 
DST.: Arge, Braz. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Burkart, A. (1969), Caro, J. A. & E. 

Sanchez (1969), Caro, J. A. & E. SAnchcz (1970); 
Santos, A. M. P. V. dos & S. de Castro Boechat 
(1994). 

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers var dactylon, -. 

DST.: Arge, Braz, Cana, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Burkart, A. (1969); Caro, J. A. & E. 

Sanchez (1969); Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1970); 

Santos, A. M. P. V. dos & S. dc Castro Boechat 

(1994). 



221. 1899. T-Specim.: 1 ofl. An$o\aJVelwitsch 2290 
[IT: K]. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Cynodon dactylon suh^p, glahratus (Steud.) Chev., Rev. Int. 

Bot- Appl. Agric. Trop. 27(297-298): 282. 1947. 
Basionym: Cynodon glabratus Steud. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Cynodon dactylon var, glabratus (Steud>) Chiov., Nuovo 

Giorn. Bot. ItaL 26: 82. 1919, Basionym: Cynodon 
glabratus Steud. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Cynodon dactylon fo. glabresccns (Beck.) Soo, Acta Bot. 

Acad. Sci. Hung. 17(1-2): 123. 1971 [1972]. 
NOTE: nom. inval , basionym not indicated. 

= Cynodon hirsutissimus (Litard. & Maire) Caro & E.A. 

Sanchez. 

Cynodon dactylon subvar. hirsutisslma Litard. & Maire, 

Mem. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc 4(1): 25. 1924. T-Protol.: 
Morocco, Casablanca, Litardiere. 
= Cynodon hirsutissimus (Litard. & Maire) Caro & E.A. 

Sanchez. 

Cynodon dactylon var hirsutissimus (Litard. & Maire) Maire, 

Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique N. 30: 368. 1939. 
Basionym: Cynodon dactylon subvar. hirsutisslma 
Litard. &i Maire. 
= Cynodon hirsutissimus (Litard. & Maire) Caro & E.A. 

Sinchez. 

Cynodon dactylon var. longiglumis Caro & E.A. SAnchez, 

Kurtziana 5: 210, f. 2G. 1969. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
Tucuman: Dpto. Capital: prope urbem, Mar 1918, 

Schreitcr s.n. (^Herb Osten 12150) [UT: BAA]. 
DST.: Arge, Para, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1969), 

Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1970). 

Cynodon dactylon \m. maritinius (Kunth) Hack., Ark. Bot. 

8(8): 40. 1909. 
= Cynodon maritimus Kunth. 

Cynodon dactylon var. pilosus Caro & E.A. Si^nchez, 

Kurtziana 5: 210. 1969. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
Cordoba: Dplo. Capital: Ciudad de Cordoba, Barrio 
San Martin, urilla del rio Priinero, 17 Apr. \952, Caro 
333 [HT: BAA, IT: JC]. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1969); 

Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1970); Santos, A. M. P. V. 
dos & S. de Castro Boechat (1994). 

Cynodon dactylon var. sarmentosus Parodi, Re^ ista Argent. 

Agron. 23: 185. 1956. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Argentina, 
Luna s.n. [TY; K]. 
NOTE: as Cynodon dactylon var. "sarmentosum'\ 
CORRECT NAME: Cynodon parodii Caro & E.A. 

Sanchez. 
= Cynodon nlcnifuensis Vandcryst. 

Cynodon dactylon fo. vivipara Beetle, Phytologia 48(2): 189. 

1981. 
= Cynodon dactyhin (L.) Pers. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: TI. 



61 



Cynodon diffusus (Willd.) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat., But., ser. 

5, 5; 303. 1825. Basionym: Muhienbergia diffusa 
Willd. 
= Muhienbergia schreberi J.F. Gmel. 

Cynodon di^itichloidcs Caro & E.A. Sanchez, Kurlziana 5: 

254, f. 1. 1969. T-Protol.: Uruguay: PiriapoliSj verano 
1924, Bordak s.n. [HT: BXA\. 
DST.: Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Sanchez, E. & J. A. Caro (1969). 

Cynodon domingense (Jacq.) Raspail, Ann. Sci, Nat., Bot. 5: 

302. 1825. Basionym: Cynosunis domingensis Jacq. 
= Lcptochloa virj:;ata (L.) P. Beauv. 

Cynodon erecfusJ. Prcsl, Rcliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 290. 1830. T- 

ProtoL: Hah. in Mexico, et in Pcruviac montanis 
huan:icccnsibus, Haenke s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico. Peruano monlano, Haenke s.n. [HT: PR- 
495767; IT: PRC], HT indicates both Peru and 
Mexico; IT indicates Mexico only. Protologue 
indicates botli Mexico and Peru. Caro & Sanchez, 
Darwiniana 17: 522 (1972) consider the species to 
occur in Peru, not Mexico. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pcrs. 

Cynodon fascicularis (Lam.) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 5: 

303, 1825. Basionym: Fcstucafascicularis Lam. 

= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Cynodon glahratKs Sleud., Syn. PL Glumac, 1: 212. 1854. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 3. Ethiopia, 5^c/?/w/;e/' J// [ST; P]. 2 of 
3. , Schimper 311 [1ST: K], 3 of 3. , Schimper 431 [ST: 

n 

~ Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pcrs. 

Cynodon grandispiculus Caro & E.A. Sanchez, Kurtziana 5: 

258, f 2. 1969. T-Protol.: Uruguay: Montevideo, 
Felippone 4555 [HT: SI]. 
= Cynodon marrtimus var. grandispiculus Caro & E.A. 

Sanchez. 
Cynodon hirsiitissinius (Litard. & Maire) Caro & E.A. 

Sanchez, Kurtziana 5; 220. 1969. Basionym: C>/iOc/o/i 
dactylon subvar, Imsutissima Litard. & Maire. 

DST.: Argc, Braz, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1969); 

Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1970). 
SYN.: Cynodon dactylon fo. glabrescens (Beck.) Soo; 

Cynodon dactylon subvar. hirsutlssima Litard. & 

Maire; Cynodon dactylon var. hirsutiss'inms (Litard. 

& Maire) Maire. 

Cynodon hirsutus Stent, Bothalia 2: 277, 286. 1927. T- 

Protol.: Transvaal, Burft-Davy, several syntypes cited. 

DST.: Argc, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Buikart, A. (1969); Caro, J. A. & E. 

Sanchez (1969); Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1970); 
Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Wclman, E. Reitiei; K. L. 
hnmclman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Picnaar, M. van 
Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987). 
SYN.: Cynodon incompletus war. hirsutus (Stent) de Wct,& 

i.R. Harlan. 

Cynodon hirsutus Stent var. hirsutus. 
DST.: Arge, Urug. 



LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1969); 

Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1970). 

Cynodon hirsutus var. scsquiflorus Parodi, Revista Argent. 

Agron. 17(3): 216, f. 14. 1950. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
Buenos Aires: Partido Tornquist: Sierra de la Ventana, 
9 Jan 1950, Petetin 514 [HT: BAA; IT: SI]. 
DST,: Arge. 
LVL ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1969); 

Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1970); Zuloaga, F. O., E. 
G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. 
Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 

Cynodon incompletus var. hirsutus (Stent) de Wet & J.R. 

Harlan, Crop Sci. (Madison) 10: 291. 1970. Basionym: 
Cynodon hirsutus Stent. 
= Cynodon hirsutus Stent. 

Cynodon indicus (L.) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 5: 303. 

1825. Basionym: Cynosurus indicus L. 
= Elcusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Cynodon laeviglumis Caro & E.A, Sanchez, Kurtziana 5: 

217, f. 4. 1969. T-Protol.: Argentina: La Pampa: 
Dcpto. Lcvcntue: Victoria, Carro Quemado, Estancia 
las Vertientes, Feb 1960, Legaspi s.n. [HT: BAA- 
2237]. 

DST.: Arge. 

I VL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1969). 

Cynodon x magcnnisii Hurcombc, J. S. African Bot. 13: 



109. 1947. T-Protol.: Experimental plots at 
Frankenwald, the Botanical Research Station of the 
Universit}' of Witwatcrsrand, known to gardeners as 
'Magennis'. 
NOTE: pro. hyb. \Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pcrs. x C. 

(ransvaatensis Burtt Davy]. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

Cynodon niaritimus Kunth, Nov, Gen. Sp. 1: 170. 1815 

[1816]- T-ProtoL: Peru: Crcscit locis pianis apricis, 
arcnosis rcgni Peruviani, inter Lima, Santa et Truxillo, 

Humboldt & Bonpland sji. [HT: PJ. 
NOTE: as Cynodon **maritimum*\ 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Chil, Para, Peru, Urug. 
LVL ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allem, A. C & J. F. M. Vails 

(1987); Caro, J. A. & E. Sdnchcz (1969); Caro, J. A. 

& E. Sdnchez (1970); Santos, A. M. P. V. dos & S. 

de Castro Bocchat (1994); Smith, L. B., D. C 

Wasshausen & R. M. Klein (1981); Tovar, 6. (1993). 
SYN.: Capriola dactylon var. maritima (Kunth) Hitchc; 

Chloris maritimus (Kuath) Tx\\\.\Cynodun dactylon 

var. maritimus (Kuiitli) ! lack. 

Cynodon maritimus var. breviglumis Caro & E.A. Sanchez, 

Kurtziana 5: 234, f. 9A. 1969. T-Protol. : Argentina: 
Buenos Aires: Partido Monte: San Miqucl del Monte, 
16 Feb 1938, Cabrera 4314 [HT: LP]. 
DST.: Arge. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. & E, Sanchez (1969); 

Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1970). 



62 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



CyiKxIon inaritiniiis var. ^niiidispiculus Caro & E.A. 

Sanchez. Kuitziana 5: 234, f. 2A-C,E-F. 1969. T- 

Protol.: Argentina: Prov. Tucuman: Dpto. Capital: Rio 

Sali, 31 Jan 1924, VcnUiri 2737. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. 

Argentina: Tucuman: Capital Dcpt., 31 Jan 1924,5', 

Vcnluri 2737 [IT: BAA, BAB, BA, LP, LIL, US- 

1547122J. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Chil, Para, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1969); 

Caro, J. A. & E. Sanclicz (1970); Santos, A. M. P. V. 

dos & S. dc Castro Boecliat (1994); Smith, L. B., D. 

C. Wasshauscn & R. M. Klein (1981). 
SYN.: Cynodon grandispiculus Caro & E.A. Sanchez. 

Cynodmi maritiinus Kunth var. marifimus. 
DST.: Arge. Boii, Chi!, Para, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCl'TD. BY: Caro, J. A. & H. SAnchcz (1969); 

Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1970), Santos, A. M. P. V. 

dos & S. de Castro Bocchat (1994); Smith, L. B., D. 

C. Wasshausen & R. M. Klein (1981). 
S\'N.: Cynodon dactylon var. mciiitimus (Kunth) Hack. 

Cynodon niaritiinus var. vafiiniflorus Caro, Dominguezia 

6: 20. 1983. T-Protol.: USA: Pennsylvania: EE. UU.: 
Below Navy Yd., Philadelphia, 8 Nov 1865,/. Burk 
s.n. [IIT:Pn]. 
DST.: Arge, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. (1983); FNA GRAY- 
CARDS 0; liartman, R. L. & B. L. Nelson (1998); 
Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 
Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella 
(1994). 

Cynodon melicoides(\\ Bcauv.) Raspaii, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. 

5: 303. 1825. Basionym: Bouteloua meUcoidcs P. 
Beauv. 
= Bniitcloua turlipcnduJa (Michx.) Torr. 

Cynodon monoslachyns (P. Beauv.) Raspaii, Ann. Sci. Nat., 

B(^t. 5: 303. 1825. Basionym: Campidosus 
monostachyiis P. Beauv. 

NOTE: basioii) ni erroneously attributed to Desv. 

= Ctciiium aromaticum (Waller) Alph. Wood. 

Cynodon mucronatus Caro & E.A. Sanchez, Kurtziana 5: 

239, f. !2 1969. T-Protol.: Argentina: Misiones: Dpto. 
Montecarlo: Colonia Caraguatay, 19 Dec. \943, Porta 
S5 [WT-.nAA]. 

DST.: Arge, Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. & E. Sdnchez (1969); 

Santos, A. M. P. V. dos & S. de Castro Bocchat 
(1994); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de 
Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A M Cialdella 
(1994). 



Cynodon nitidus Caro & E.A. Sanchez, Darwimana 17: 510, 

f. 1. 1972, T-Protol.: Chile: Dpto. Arica: Azapa, Aug 
1925, fVedermann 704 [I IT: SI; IT: G\\, LIL, NY, US- 
1498176], Chile: Prov. Tacna, dep. Arica, Azapa. 
DST.: Chil. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1972); 

Marticorena, C & M. Quezada (1985). 



Cynodon nlemfucnsis Vanderyst, Bull. Agric. Congo Beige 

13: 342. 1922. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Zaire, Vandciyst 
6095 [ST: BR]. 

NOTE: Cynodon lumfensis, nom. prov., in Bull. Agric. 

Congo Beige 11: 121 (1920). 

DST.: Arge, Beli, Boli, Braz, Cari, CoRi, ElSa, Hond, Mexi, 

USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J., M. II. Nee & D. E. 

Atha (2000), Beetle, A. A. (1987); Breedlove. D. E. 
(1986), Catasus Gucrra, L, (1997), Clayton, W. D. & 
J. R. Harlan (1970); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A 
O. Chater (editores generales) (1994); Espcjo Serna 
A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000) 
Filgueiras, T. S. (1991), Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G 
Welmaii, E. Reitief, K. L. Imniclman, G. 
Germishuizcn, B. J. Picnaar, M. van Wyk, and A 
Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Killccn, T. J. (1990) 
Liogicr, 11. & L. Martorell (1982); McVaugh, R 
(1983); Phillips, S. (1995); Pohl, R. W. (1980); Pohl 
R. W. (1994); Renvoize. S. A. (1998); Santos, A. M 
P. V. dos & S. de Castro Boechat (1994), Zuloaga, F 
O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo dc Agrasar, O. 
Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 

SYN.: Cynodon dactylon sar.sarmcntosits PtivOiii, Cynodon 

parodil Caro & E.A. Sanchez. 

Cynodon niemfuensis Vanderyst var. nlenifiicnsis. 
DST.: Arge, Braz. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Clayton, W. D. & J. R. flarlan 

(1970); Phillips, S. (1995), Santos, A. M. P. V. dos & 

S.de Castro Boechat (1994). 
SYN.: Cynodon dactylon var. sarmentosus Parodi. 

Cynodon niemfuensis var. robiistits Clayton & J.R. Harlan, 

Kcw Bull. 24: 189. 1970. T-Protol.: Y.my^,Trapncll 
21I0[\\\': K]. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Clayton, W, D. & J. R. Harlan 

(1970); Phillips, S. (1995). 

Cynodon occidentalisW\[](l. ex Stcud., Numcncl. Bot. (cd. 2) 

1:463. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pcrs, 

Cynodon parodii Caro & E.A. Sanchez, Kurtziana 5: 193, 

1970, 
REPLACED NAME: Cynodon dactylon var. sarmentosus 

Parodi. 
= Cynodon niemfuensis Vanderyst. 

Cynodon pascnus Nees, Fl. Bras. Enuni. PI. 2: 425. 1829. T- 



Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Piauhy: Cachtan et alibii, 
Martius s.n. [HT: M, IT: US-878403]. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Cynodon pcdiccllatus Caro, Dominguezia 6: 9, f. 2. 1983. 

T-Protol.: Uruguay: Depto. Montevideo: Sayago, 26 
Nov. 1959, Pradeh579 [HT: LlL-458958]. 

DST.: Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Caro, J, A. (1983). 






Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



63 



Cynodon plectost:^cllytls (K. Schum.) Pilg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst 

40; 82. 1907. Basionym. Leptochloa plectostachya K. 
Schum. 

DST.: Argc, Cari, Mcxi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); Bor, N. L. {I960); 
Burkart, A. (1969); Caro, J. A. & E. Sanchez (1969); 
Catasus Gucrra, L. (1997); Clayton, W. D. & J. R. 
Harlan (1970), Espcjo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdc?;-Reyna (2000), Gibbs Russell, 
G. E, W. G. Welman, E. Reiticf, K. L. Immelmanj G. 



Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Lcon- 
Yanez (eds.) (1999), Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck 
(1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); Phillips, S. (1995). 

Cynodon umbeUatus (Lam.) Caro, Doniinguczia 6, f. 4: 16. 

1983. Basionyni; Paspalum umbdlatum Lam. 

= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers, 

Cynodon virgatus (L.) RaspaiL Ann. Sci. Nat., BoL 5: 302. 

1 825. Basionym; Cynosurus virgatus L. 
= Lcptochloa virgata (L.) P. Bcauv. 



Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. CynodontcaC trib. Dumort., Observ. Gramin. Belg. 



Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Molina R., A. (1975); 
Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959), Nicora, E. G. 
(1995); Phillips, S. (1995); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. 
Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. 
Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella(1994). 
SYN.: Cynodon plectostadiyus var. ruspolianus (Chiov.) 

Chiov.; Cynodon ruspolianus Chiov.; Leptochloa 
plectostachya K. Schum. 

Cynodon plcctostachyus var. ruspolianus (Chiov.) Chiov., 

Webbia 8: 111. 1951. Basionym: C>*/?ot/o/7 ruspolianus 
Chiov. 
= Cynodnn plcctostachyus (K. Schum) Pilg. 

Cynodon porioricensis Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 

2) 1:463. 1940. 
NOTE: num. inval., as syn. of Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Cynodon procumbuns (P. Durand) Raspail, Ann. Sci. Nat. 

(Paris) 5: 303. 1825. Xi^sionym: Chloris procumbens 
P. Durand. 
= Boutcioua simplex Lag. 

Cynodon radiatus Roth, Syst. Veg. 2: 411. 1817. T-ProtoL: 

In India oriciil.. //eywe j./i. T-Specim.: 1 of I. 1814,S. 
Heyne s.n. [T: L]. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

Cynodon ruspolianus Chiov., Annuario Rcalc 1st. Bot. Roma 

7: 70, t. 7. 1897. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Ethiopia,7?/v^ 248 
[HT: FI]. 
= Cynodon plectostachyus (K. Schum.) Pilg. 



Cynodon seabrifolius Caro, Dominguezia 6: 13, f. 3. 1983. 

T-Protol.: Brasil: Distrito Federal: arrededores de 
Brasilia, Apr 1968, .V. Lima 232 [HT: US-2578849A]. 



83, 90, 140. Jul-Sep 1824. TYPE: Cynodon Rich. 

NOTE: as "Cynodoncae". 

TRTD. BY: Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. 

Judziewicz, P. M. Peterson, and F. O. Zuloaga. 
NUT; Chloridoideae. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Peterson, P. M. & Y. Hcrrera A., (1995); 

Peterson, P. M., R. D. Webster & J. Valdes-Reyna, 

(1997); Phillips, S. M., (1982); Hilu, K. W. & K. 

Wright, (1982), Swallcn, J. R., (1939), Lazarides, M., 

(1972). 

Cynosurus aegyptius L., Sp. PI. 72. 1753. T-Protol.: Habitat 

in Africa, Asia, America. T-Specim.: 1 of 4. Eg)pt, 
Anon. [ST: LlNN-91.12]. 2 of 4. Asia fST]. 3 of 4. 
America [ST]. 4 of 4. : van Roycn s.n. [LT: L]. 
^ Dactyloctcnium acgyptium (L.) Willd. 

Cynosurus carolinianus Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (cd. 

2) 1:465. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Dactyloctcnium acgyptium (L.) Willd. 

Cynosurus coracanus L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 2: 875. 1759. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of 1. Plukenct, Phytographia t. 91, f. 5 
(1691) [T]. 

NOTE: as Cynosurus "coracan". 
= Eleusine coracana (L.) Gacrtn. 

Cynosurus dactylon (L.) Pers., Syn. PL 1 : 85. 1 805. 

Basionym: Panicum dactylon L. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Cynosurus distachyos Rottlcr ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (cd. 

2)465. 1840. 
NOTE: as syn oi Dactyloctcnium aegyptiacum. 
= Dactyloctcnium aegyptinm (L.) Willd. 



T-Specim.: 1 uf 1. Brazil: Federal District, May 1968, Cynosurus domingensis Jacq.. Misc. Austriac. 2: 363. 1781. 



N. Lima 232 [HT: US-2578849], 



DST.: Bn 



LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. (1983). 

Cynodon tenuis Trin. ex Sprcng., Ncue Enldcck. Pllanzenk. 

2: 63. 1821, T-ProtoL; Hab. in America boreali. 
= Cyno<lon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Cynodon transvaalensis Burtt Davy, Bull. Misc. Inform. 

Kew 1921: 28L 1921. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. South Africa, 
Dec 1919,//?. Davy IS156 [T: US-I295750 (fragm.)]. 
DST.:Ecua, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Gibbs Russell, 

G. E, W. G. Welman, E. Rcilicf K. L. Immelman, G. 
Gennishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 
Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Hickman, J. C (1993); 



T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Dominican Republic, Ji3c^w/;2 s.n. 
[HT], 
= Lcptochloa virgata (L.) P. Bcauv. 

Cynosurus indicus L., Sp. PI. 1: 72-73. 1753. T-Protol.: In 

Indiis. T-Spccim.: 1 of 3. Burman, Thes. Zeylan. t. 47, 
/ / (1737) [LT], LT designated by Phillips in Cafferty 
et al., Taxon 49(2): 249 (2000). 2 of 3. Sri Lanka: 
Central Province: Matalc District: 5 mi S of Matalc on 
Kandt Road, \91^, Clayton 5330 [ET: K; !ET: PDA, 
US], LT designated by Phillips in Caflcrty et al., 
Taxon 49(2): 249 (2000). 3 of 3. ,van Royen s.n. [OM: 

L]. 
= Elcusinc indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Cynosurus paspaloides Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2(27): 21. 1791. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. South Africa: C'dpc,Bidtow s.n. [HT: 
C-Herb. Vahl]. 



64 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



= Eustachys paspaloidcs (Vahl) Lanza & Mattel, 

Cynosurus retroflexiis Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2: 20. 1791. T- 

Protol.: India, LaMark s.n. [HT: C]. 
= Dinebra rctroflexa (Vahl) Panz. 



Cynosurus scopanus Lam , Fncycl. 2: 1S8. 1786. T-Protol: 

St. Dominique[HT: P]. T-Specim,: 1 of 1. Dominican 
Republic: Hispaniola L. no (ldX.Q,Crosmer sm. {Wl: P- 
LA; IT: llS-2830901 (fragm. ex P-LA)]. 
= Chloris radiata (L.) Sw. 

Cynosurus secwidus Pursh, Fl. Amcr. Sept. 728. 1814. T- 

Protol.: USA: In upper Lousiana, Bradbury s.n. 
= Boutcloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. 

Cynosurus fenellus Cav. ex DC, Cat. PI llorti Monsp. 120. 

1813. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Lamarckia ienella DC. 

= Aegopogon (ciicllus (DC.) Trin. 

Cynosurus trisiachyos Lam., Encycl. 2: 188. 1786. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Uruguay: Montevideo, Cijmmc7j.o/7 

SM, [T]. 

-- Ekusine ti isfachya (Lam.) Lam. 

Cynosurus unijlorus Walter, LI. Carol, 82. 1788. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Cynosurus virgatus L., Syst. Nat. (ed. 10) 876. 1759. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of 1. Jamaica, P. Browne s.n. [LT: LINN- 
91.18], LT designated by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 12: 122(1908). 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 

CzernJaevia rupestris Turcz, ex Kom., Fl. URSS 2: 297. 

1934. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. Pappophorum boreale Griseb. 
CORRECT NAME: Pappopliorwn boreale Griseb. 
= Enncapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 

Dactilon Vill., Hist. PI. Dauphine 2: 69. 1787. TYPE: 

Dactilon officinale V\\\.; nom. illcg. superfl. Panicum 
daetvlon L. 

NOTE: nom. rejic. against Cynodon. 

~ Cynodon Rich. 

Daciilon officinale Yilljlhi. PL Dauphinc 2: 69. 1787. 
NOTE: nom illeg. supertL 

CORRECT NAME: Panicum dactylon L. 

= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Dactylis cynosuroides L., Sp. PI. L 71. 1753. T-Spccim.; 1 of 

!, USA: Virginia, D. Clayton 577 [LT: BM, ILT: US- 
A865636 (fragm.)], LT designated by [litchcock, 
Contr. U.S. Nad. Herb. 12: 121 (1908). 
= Spartina cynosuroides (L.) Roth, 

Dactylis fasciculata C. Sni., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 180. 179L T- 

Specim.: 1 of L America, D. Richard sm. [IT. US- 

A865637(fragm. exP)]. 
= Spartina aJtcrnifiura Loisel. 

Dactylis maritima Curtis, Enum. Brit. Grasses 46. 1787. 

NOrE: see notes. Notes from Index of Grass Species: 

Based on Dactylis cynosuroides as given in Hudson, 
Fl. Angl. ed 2, 43. 1778, the name misapplied to 
English species S. Stricla, the "cynosuroides" 
(misapplied) of Locfl. Portugal, the basis of 
"Lusitania" reference of Linnaeus. 

= Spartina maritima (Curtis) Fernald. 



Dactylis maritima Walter, Fl. Carol. 77. 1788. T-Protol.: 

South Carolina. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. hom.; not Curtis, 1787. 
E. NAME: Dactylis maritima Curtis. 
= Spartina alterniflora Loisel. 

Dactylis paspaloidcs Willd., Hort. Berol. 111. 1809. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. 
= Dinebra rcfroflexa var. retroflexa. 

Dactylis patens Aiton, Hort. Kevv. 1: 104, 1789. T-Protol.: 

North America. 
= Spartina patens (Aiton) Muhl. 



Dactyloctenium Willd., Enum. Pl. 2: 1029. 1809, 

TYPE; Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd.; LT 
designated by Hitchcock, U.S.D.A. Bull. (1915-23) 
772: 175(1920). 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NHT: Eleusininae. NO, ACCPTD. SPP.: 5. 

CNSLTD. LIT.: Fisher, B. S. & H. G. Schweickerdt, 

(1941). 

Dactyloctenium aegyptiacum Willd., Enum, PI. 2: 1029-1030. 

1809. 
NOTE: 01 th. var., see D aegyptium. 

CORRECT NAME; Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 
= Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd., Enum. PI. 2: 1029. 

1809. Basionym: Cynosurus aegyptius L. 

NOTE: as Dactyloctenium "aegy>ptiacum'\ correctable to 

''aegyptium'' as this a orth. var. of aegytium^WMl 
Willd. cites Cynosurus oegyptius as the basionym. 

DST.: Argc, Beli, Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, 

FrGu, Guat, Guya, Bond, Mexi, Nica, Pana, Para, 
Peru, Suri, USA, Urug, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C. D. (1972); Allem, A. C. 

& J. F. M. Vails (1987); Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & 
D. E. Atha (2000); Beetle, A. A. (1977), Beetle, A. 
A. (1987); Bcrendsohn, W. G. & A. E. Araniva de 
Gonzalez (1991); Catasns Guerra, L. (1997); 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores 
generales) (1994); Espejo Senia, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Filgueiras, T. S. 
(1999); Gould, F. W (1979); Gould, F. W. & R. 
Moran (1981); Hickman, J. C. (1993), Hitchcock, A. 
S. (1909); Jorgcnscn, P. M. & S. Lc6n-Ydnez (cds.) 
(1999); Judziewicz, E. J, (1990); Killeen, T. J. 
(1990); La\vcsson, J. E., H. Adsersen <^ P Bentley 
(1987); McCiure, F. A. (1955); Phillips, S. (1995); 
Pohl, R. W. (1994), Porter, D. M. (1983); Pringle, J. 
S. (1985); Renvoize, S. A. (1984); Renvoize, S. A. 
(1998); Smith, L. B., D. C. Wasshausen & R. M. 
Klein (1981); Tovar, 6. (1993); Wiggins, L L. & D. 
M. Porter (1971); Wunderlin, R. P. (1998); Zuloaga, 
F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de Agrasar, O. 
Morrone, L Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 

SYN.: Aegilops saccharinum Walter, Chloris mucronata 

Michx.; Cynosurus aegyptins L.; Cynosurus 
caroUnianus Willd. ex %{q\\A.\ Cynosurus distachyos 
Rottler ex Steud.; Dactyloctenium aegyptiacum 
Willd.; Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L,) P, Beauv.; 

(L.) Richt.; 



Dactyloctenium 



aegyptium 



Dactyloctenium aegyptium fo. viviparum Beetle; 
Dactyloctenium aegyptius \dX.mucronatum (Michx.) 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



65 



Lanza & Matlci; Dactyloctenium distachywn Trin.; 
Dactyloctenium meridionale Ham.; Dactyloctenium 
mucronatwn (Michx.) Willd.; Dactyloctenium 
mucronatum var. erectum E. Fourn.; Eleusine 
aegyptiaca (L.) Dcsf; Eleusine acgyptia (L.) Desf.; 
Eleusine aegyptia (L.) Pers.; Eleusine aeg)ptia (L.) 
Robcrty; Eleusine aegyptia (L.) Roxb.; Eleusine 
aegyptia Raf.; Eleusine cruciata Elliott; Eleusine 
cniciata Lam.; Eleusine egyptia Raf; Eleusine 
mucronata (Michx.) \{omcm.\ Eleusine mucronata 
Slokcs; Eleusine pectinata Moench, 

Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 

15, 72, 159, t, 15, t 2. 1812. ^?iS\ox\ym\ Cynosurus 

aegyptius L. 
NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 
= Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Richt., PI. Eur. 1; 68. 1870. 

Basionym: Cynosurus aegyptius L, 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

= Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Dactyloctenium aegyptium var. ahstatum (Link) A. Chev., 

Rev. Int. Bot. Appl. Agric. Trop. 14(150); 130. 1934. 
Basionym: Dactyloctenium aristatum Link. 
— Dactyloctenium aristatum Link. 

Dactyloctenium aegyptium fo. viviparum Beetle, Phytologia 

48(2): 190. 1981. T-Protol.: Mexico. T-Specim.: 1 of 
L Mexico: Sonora: Hcmiosillo, edge of irrigation 

ditch, 19 Oct 1980, B, Bracamonte 31 [HT: COCA]. 
= Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Dactyloctenium aegyptius var. mucronatum (Michx ) Lanza 

& Mattel, Boll. Realc Orto Hot. Giardino Colon. 
Palermo 9; 58. 1910. Basionym: Chloris mucronata 

Michx. 
= Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Dactyloctenium aristatum Link, Ilort. Bcrol. 1: 59. 1827. T- 

Protol.: Hab. in htgyi^Xo.Ehcrenb. s.n. 
DST.:Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1987); Bor, N. L, 

(1960); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferriiri, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Phillips, S. (1995). 
SYN.: Dactyloctenium aegyptium var. aristatum (Link) A. 

Chcv. 

Dactyloctenium distachyumTnv\.,V\\r\A. A'gxQsX. 140. 1820. 
NOTE: nom, nud., based on unpublished Cynosurus 

distachyos Rotll., later published as C. distachyos 
Rotll. ex Slcud. which equals D, aegyptium (L.) 

Willd. 
^ Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Dactyloctenium geminatum Hack., Bull. Herb. Boissier 

7(1): 26. 1899. T-ProtoL: Delagoa Bay, in arenosis, 
Junod SM, T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mozambique, 1890, 
Junod23l [IT: US-81794]. 

DST.:Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle. A. A. (1987); Espejo Serna, 



Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Phillips, S. 
(1995). 

Dactyloctenium glaucophyllum Courbai, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot, 

ser. 4, 18: 133. 1862. T-Protol.: In locis siccis, 
sabulosis. L'ilc de Dissee (Mer Rouge). 
= Dactyloctenium scindicum Boiss. 

Dactyloctenium meridionale Ham., Prodr. PI. Ind. Occid. 6. 

1825. T-Protol.: Habitat vulgo in pascuis Insularuni 
Carribearum, et passim in America calidiore. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrfL 
CORRECT NAME: Cynosurus aegyptius L. 
= Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Dactyloctenium mucronatum (Michx.) Willd., Enum. PI. 

1029. 1809. Basionym: Chloris mucronata Michx. 
= Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Dactyloctenium mucronatum var. erectum E. Fourn., Mexic. 

PI. 2: 144. 1886. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Mexico: Veracruz, 
20 1865, Gouin 6S [ST: US-A865633 (fragm. ex P)]. 2 
of 3. Mexico: CoW^^di, Kar^\insky 9S9b [ST]. 3 of 3. 
Mexico: Hacienda cl Coxo, KarMinsky 989 [ST]. 
= Dactyloctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Dactyloctenium radulans (R. Br.) P. Beauv., Ess. 



Agrostogr. 72, 
radulans R. Br. 



1 60. 1 S 1 2. Basionym: Eleusine 



DST.; USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

Dactyloctenium scindicum Boiss., Diagn. PI. Orient., ser. 2, 

4: 131. 1859. T-Protol.: Hab. in dttione Scinde, 
Griffith 63 7. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1 987); Bor, N. L. 

(1960); Phillips, S. (1995). 
SYN.: Dactyloctenium glaucophyllum Courbai; Eleusine 

glaucophyila (Courbai) Munro ex X3t\\\\\.\ Eleusine 

scindica (BoiSS.) Duthic. 
Dactylogramma Link, Hort. Berol. 2: 248. 1833. TYPE: 

Dactylogramma cinnoides Link. 

= Muhlcnbergia Schrcb. 



Dactylogramma cinnoides Link, Hort. Bcrol. 2: 248. 1833. T- 

Protol.: Cult, in Berlin: Hab. in America septentrionali 
occidentali, seed from Richardson. 
= Muhlcnbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin. 



DasyOChloa Willd. ex Rydb., Agric. Exp. Sta. Agric. 

Coll. Colorado Bull. 100: 18, 37. 1906. TYPE: 

Dasyochloa pulchella (Kunlh) Willd. ex Rydb. 

NOTE: Alt. title, Fl. Colorado. 

TRTD. BY: Valdds-Rcyna, J. 

NHT: Munroinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1. 

CNSLTD. LIT.: Valdds-Reyna, J. & S. L. Hatch, (1995); 

Caro,J. A., (1981). 

SYN.: Dasyochloa Willd. ex Steud. 

Dasyochloa argentina (Kuntzc) Caro. Dominguczia 2: 4. 

198 1 . Basionym: Sieglingia argentina Kuntze. 
= Erioneuron pilosum var, longcaristatum (Kurtz) Anton. 



A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Dasyochloa argentina (Kuntze) Caro var argentina. 



Gibbs Russell G. E, W. G. Welman, E, Rcitlef, K. L. 
Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. van 



= Erioneuron pilusum var. longcaristatum (Kurtz) Anton. 



66 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Dasyochloa argentina var. ahst'iglumis Caro, Dominguczia DavyeUa colusana (Burtt Davy) Hack., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 49: 



2: 4, f. 1. 1981. T-Protol.: Arj^entina: Cordoba: Dpto. 
Punilla: Capilla ticl Monte, 1 Mar 1941, Mcom s.n. 
[IIT: SM8502]. T-Specim.: I ofl. Argentina: Prov. 
Cordoba, Capilla del Monte, I Mai 194 1,£ Nicora 
sji. 1HT:SI-18502]. 
= Erioncuron pilosum var. tongcaristatuni (KurtzJ Anton. 

Dasyochloa argentina VtW. parocfiana (E.A. Sanchez) Caro, 

Dominguezia 2: 7, f. 2. 1981. Qasionym: Erioneur on 
pilosum \m. parodianuni E.A. Sanchez. 
= Erioncuron pilosum var. Fonj^eari.statuni (Kurtz) Anton. 

Dasyochloa avenacea (Kunth) Willd. ex Steud., Noniencl. 

Dot. (ed, 2) 1; 484. 1840. Bi\'i\onyn\:Triodia avenacea 
Kunth. 
= Erioncuron avcnaceum {Kunth) Tateoka. 

Dasyochloa kurtziana (Parodi) Caro, Dominguezia 2: 7, f. 3. 

1981. Basionym: Tridcns avcnaceus var. kurtziana 
Parodi. 
= Erioncuron avcnaceum var. km tzianum (Parodi) 

Anion. 

Dasyochloa hngiglwnis (Parodi) Caro, Dominguc/ia 2: 8, f. 

4. 1981. Basionym: Tridens avcnaceus var. 



longiglumis Parodi. 



= Erioncuron avcnaceum var. longiglumc (Parodi) Anton. 

Dasyochloa longiglumis yar. cabrerae Caro, Dominguezia 2: 

13. 1981. T-Protol.: Argentina: La Rioja: Dpto. 
Famatima: Quebrada de la Aguadita, Cabrera 18096, 
pro parte [IVY: LP], t)pc mixed witli Dasyochloa 
longlglunus var. longiglumis. 
= Erioncuron avcnaceum var. longiglumc (Parodi) Anton. 

Dasyochloa hngiglwnis (Parodi) Caro var. longiglumis. 
= Erioncuron avcnaceum var. longiglumc (Parodi) Anton. 

Dasyochloa pulchella Willd. ex Steud,, Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 

1:484. 1840. 
NO'I L: nom. inval, genus not yet validly published; based 

on Triodia pulchella Kuntli. 
= Da.s}ochloa pulchella (Kunth) Willd. ex Rydb. 

Dasyochloa pulchella (Kunth) Willd. ex Rydb., Agric. Exp. 

Sta. Agric. Coll. Colorado Bull. 100: 18, 37. 1906. 
Basionym: Triodia pulchella Kunth. 

NOTE. Ak. title, n. Colorado. 
DST:Mexi, USA 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Valdt5s-Reyna, 
J. AiS.L. Hatch (1997). 

SYN.: Dasyochloa pulchella Wilid. ex SXqu(\.\ Erioncuron 

pulchellum (Kuntli) Tateoka; Koeleria pulchella 
(Kunth) Spreng.; Sieghngia pulchella (Kuntli) 
Kuntze; Sieglingia pulchella wdj.parviflora Vasey ex 
Beal ; Trichodidida proli/cra Cerv. ; Tricuspis 
pulchella (Kunth) Torr.; Tridcns pulchellus (Kunth) 
Hilchc; Triodia pulchella Kunth; Uralepis pulchella 
(Kunth) Kunth. 

Dasyochloa pygniaca (Hack.) Caro, Dominguezia 2: 8. 1981. 

Basion)'m: Triodia avenacea \diT,pygmaea Hack. 
= Erioncuron avcnaceum var. pygmacum (Hack.) Anton. 

Davyella Hack., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 49: 134. 1899. 
NOTE: [lom. supcrfl. pro Neostapfia. 
= Neostapfia Burtt Davy. 



134. May 1899. Basionym: Stapfia colusana Burtt 
Davy. 
= Neostapfia colusana (Burtt Davy) Burtt Davy. 

Diachroa Nutt., Trans. Amer. Pliilos. Soc, n.s., 5: 147. 1835. 

TYPE: Diachroa procumbens (Muhl.) Null. 
= Leptochloa P. Beauv. 

Diachroa procumbens (Muhl.) Nutt., Trans. Amer. Philos, 

Soe., U.S., 5: 147. 1837. Basionym: Festuca 

procumbens Muhl. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Diachyrium Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Gottingen 19: 

257. 1874. TYPE: Diachyrium arundinaceum Griseb. 
= Sporobolus R. Br. 

Diachyrium arundinaceum Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. W^iss. 

Gottingen 19: 257, t. 2, f. 8. 1874. T-Prntol.: 
Argentina: Catamarca: "in salsis l.aguna Blanca, alt. 
10,000\'\ [Lorentz] s.n. T-Specim.: 1 ofl. Argentina: 
Catamarca: Laguna Blanca, Lorentz 440 flT: US- 
A8657S4 (fragm.)]. 

= Sporobolus rigcns (Trin.) Dcsv. 

Diachyrium rigcns (Trin.) Mez, Rcpert. Spec. Nov. Regni 

Veg. 17(19-30): 300. 1921. Basionym: F/T/?; rigcns 
Trin. 
= Sporobolus rigcns (Trin.) Desv. 

Diacisperma Kuntze, Lex. Gen. Phan. 169. 1903. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrfl. 
= Leptochloa P. Beauv. 

Diandrochloa De Winter, Bothalia 7: 387. 1960. TYPE: 

Diandrochloa namaqucnsls (Nces ex Schrad.) De 
Winter. 
= Eragrostis Wolf. 

Diandrochloa diptachnoides (Steud.) A.N. Henry, Bull. Bot. 

Surv. India 9: 290. 1968. Basionym: Eragrostis 
diplachnoides Steud. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Diandrochloa japonica (Thunb.) A.N. Henry, Bull. Bot. 

Surv. India 9: 290. 1968. Basionym: Poa japonica 
Thunb. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Diandrochloa namaquensis (Nees ex Schrad.) De Winter, 



Bothalia 7: 388. I960. Basionym: Eragrostis 
namaquensis Nees ex Schrad. 

= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Digitaria daciylon (L.) Scop., Fl. Carniol. (ed. 2) 1: 52. 1772 

Basionym: Panicum dactylon L. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pcrs. 

Digitaria glumaepatula (Steud.) Miq., FL Ned. Ind. 3: 439 

1857. Basionym: Panicum glwnaepatulum Steud. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Digitaria littoralis Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 19. 

1796. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrlL 
CORRECT NAME: Panicum dactylon L. 
- Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Digitaria malabarica (L.) Roem. & Schult., SysL Veg. 2: 

474. 1817. Basionym: Poa malabarica L. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II 



67 



NOTE: nom. rej., basionym rej. [ICBN art. 56.2]; see note 

Index of Grass Species page 583, 
= I.cpfochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 



1. Mexico: near Nevada Toluca. Humboldt & 

Bonpland 61 [HT: P; IT: US (fragm.)]- 
= Bouteloua aristidoidcs(ICunt!i) Griseb. 



D'lgUaria stolonifera Schrad,, Fi. Germ. 1: 165, pi. 3, f. 9. Diuebra brevifolia Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 299. 1854. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Ethiopia, near Schlre Dschogarti, 22 



1806. 
NOTE; nom. illcg. superfl. 

E. NAME: Digitaha dactylon (L.) Scop. 
CORRECT NAME; Panicum dactylon L. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Ddepymm Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amcr. 1: 40. 1803. TYPE: 

Dilepymm m'mutijlorum Michx. 

- Mulilenbergia Schrcb. 
Dilepyrum diffusiwi P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 160. 1812. 



Nov 1 839, Schimper 527 [I IT: P; IT: K]. 
= Diuebra rctroflexa var. retroflcxa. 

Dinebra bromoides Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 172, t. 51. 1815 

[1816]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1 . Mexico: Guanajuato, 
Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [HT: P; IT: US-865871 
(fragm. ex P, photo)]. 

NOTE: lion Bouteloua bromoides Lag, (1816). 

= Bouteloua radicosa (E. Fourn.) Griffiths. 



NOTE: nom. nud.; not accepted by the author, referred to Dinebra chloridea J. Prcsl, Rcliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 291. 1830 



Mublenbergia, probably an error for Mulilenbergia 
diffusa Willd. 
~ Muhlcnbcrgia schrcberi J.F. Gmel. 

Dilepyrum minutiflorum Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amcr. 1: 40. 1803. 



T-Protol.: Ilab. in Mexico, Haenke s.n, T-Spccim.: 1 
of 1. Mexico, Haenke s,n. [HT: PR; IT: MO]. 

NOTE: as ''Dineba'' chloridea. 

= Enteropogon chlorideus(J. PresI) Clayton, 



T-Protol.: USA: "Hab. in apricis, pratensibus rcgionum Dinebra chondrosioides Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 173, t. 53 



Kentucky et Illinoensium.". T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
In apricis, pratis Kentucky, Illinoensium pabulum 
parcstantissinium, Michaux s.n, [HT: P]. 
- Muhlcnbcrgia schrcbcri JT. Gmel. 



1815 [1816]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Michoacin: 
y zW^AoWd, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [HT: P; IT: LE, 

US (fragm.)]. 
= Bouteloua chondrosfoides (Kunth) Bcnth. ex S. Watson. 



Dineba bromoides Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 172, t. 51. 1815 Dinebra cristata J. Presl, Rcliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 293. 1830. T- 



[18 1 6]. T-Protol.: Mexico: Crescit in tcmperatis 
scopulosis aridis inter Guanaxuato et Cubilete 
Mexicanorum", Humboldt A Bonpland s.n. 

NOTE: orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Dinebra bromoides Kunth. 

^ Bouteloua radicosa (E. Fourn.) Griffiths. 

Dineba hir.suta J. Prcsl, Rcliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 292. 1830. T- 

Protol.: Peru, Hacjike s.n. [HT: PR]. 

NOTE: orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Dinebra hirsuta J. Prcsl. 

^ Bouteloua aristidoidcs (Kunth) Griseb. 



Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, Haenke s.n. [HT: PR; IT: 



US-2307999 (fi 
from PR. 



.), US photo], fragm. probably 



Dinebra Jacq., Fragm. Bot. 77. 1809, TYPE: Dinebra 

arabica Jacq. 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NHT: Cynodonteae, NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1 SUBSP.: 1. 

CNSLTD, LIT.; Phillips, S. M., (1973). 

Dinebra ae^yptlaca Dclile, Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat 26, t. 

11, f. 3. 1813. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Egypt, Damiettc, 
Deliles.n. [HT: MPU]. 
NOTE: as "Dinaeba", nom. illcg. superfl. 
^ Dinebra retroflcxa var. rctrofleva. 

Dinebra americana (L.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 98, 160, t. 

16, f. 1-3. 1812. Basionym: Aristida americana L. 
NOTE: as "Dineba" americana. 
= Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. 

Dinebra arabica Jacq., Fragm. Bot. 77, 98, I. 121, f. 1. 1809. 

T-Specim.: I of I. cultivated at the Vienna Botanic 
Garden [HT: W]. 
= Dinebra retroflcva var. retrollexa. 

Dinebra aristidoides Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 171. 1815 

[1816]. T-Prolol.: Crescit in asperis frigidis convallis 
Tolucensis, alt. 1320 hexap. (regno Mexicano), floret 
'i^^Xtmhn, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 



NOTE: as "Dineba" cristata. 

^ Bouteloua triaena (Trin. ex Spreng.) Scribn. 

Dinebra curtipendula (Michx.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 98, 

158, 1 60. 1812. Basionym: Chloris curtipendula 

Michx. 
NOTE: as "Dineba" curtipendula. 
= Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. 

Dinebra hirsuta J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 292. 1830. T- 

Protof: Hab. in Pcruviae, //.3e//Ax' s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 
!. Peru, Haenke SM. [HT: PR; IT: US (fragm.)]. 
NOTE: as "Dineba" Iiirsuta. 
= Bouteloua aristidoidcs (Kunth) Griseb. 

Dinebra juncifolia (Desv.) Stcud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 1: 

510. 1840. Basionym: Helerosteca juncifolia Desv. 
NOTE: as "Dineba" juncifolia. 
= Bouteloua repcns (Kunth) Scribn. 

Dinebra melicoides P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 160. 1812. 
NOTE: nom. nud.; as "Dineba" melicoides. 
= Bouteloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. 

Dinebra paspaloides (Willd.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 98, 

160. 1812. Basionym: Dactylis paspaloides Willd. 
NOTE: as ''Dinaeba'' paspaloides. 
= Dinebra retroflcxa var. retrollexa. 

Dinebra repens Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 172, t. 52. 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Crecit ad litora Ocwani Pacifici 
prope Acapuico, Humboldt & Bonpland sm, T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Guerrero: Acapulco, 
Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [LT: P], LT designated 
by?; cited by McVaugh, Fl. Novo-Galic. 14: 91 
(1983). 



= Bouteloua repens (Kunth) Scribn. 



68 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



Dinebra rctronexa (Valil) Panz., Idccn Rcvis. Gras. 59-60, 

20, t. 11, r 1, 2 a-f. 1814. Basionym; Cynosurus 
retroJlextisVahl. 
NOTE: also, Dcnkschr Kaiscrl. Akad. Wiss., Matli.- 

Naturwiss. Kl. 4: 309-310, 270 pi, !2 (1814). 
DST,: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bor, N. L. (1960); Phillips, S. 

(1995); Phillips, S.M. (1973). 
SYN.: Cynosurus retroflexus Vahl; Dinebra arabica Jacq.; 

Eleuslne calycina Roxb.; Eleusine calycina Roxb.; 
Leptochha arabica (Jacq.) Kunth. 

Dinebra retroflexa var. brevifolia (Stcud.) T. Durand & 

Schinz, Cuiisp. Fl. Afr 5: 865. 1894. Basionym. 

Dinebra brevifolia Stcud. 

= Dinebra retroflexa var. rctrofle: 

Dinebra retrollcxa var. retroflexa. 

DST.; USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Phillips, S. (1995); Phillips, S. M. 

(1973). 

SYN.: Cynosurus retroflexus Valil; Dactylis paspaloides 

Willd.; Dinebra aegyptiaca DtWlc, Dinebra arabica 
Jacq.; Dinebra brevifolia Stcud.; . Dinebra 
paspaloides (Willd,) P. Bcauv.; Dinebra retroflexa 
var. brevifolia (Stcud.) T. Durand & Sdi\\\z\ Eleusine 



Ceara: Ent. Crato & T^d\h.\\\\A,A.Leofgren 672 [T: IT: 
US-865879 (fragm.)]. 
= Gouinia cearensis (Ekman) Swallcn. 

Diplachnc chloriJiformis Hack, ex Stuck., Analcs Mus. Nac. 

IlisL Nat. Buenos Aires 13: 498. 1906. T-Prolol.; 
Argentina: C6rdoba: Rio Seco, Dep. Rio Seco, Feb 
1897, rcmitido per D. Napotc6n Saravia, iS'/fic^AcvV 
Herb. Arg. 2329a. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Argentina: 
Cordoba: Rio Seco, Feb \d^97,Sfuckcrt 2329a [HT: W; 
IT: BAA-907 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Argentina: Cordoba: 
Rio Seco, 1897, TJ.l\ Stuckert 2329 [LT: ILT: US- 
865878 (fragm.)], Spec, annotated by N. Snow as a 
fragm. of a Lectotype. 
= Lcptochloa cbloridiformis (Hack, ex Stuck.) Parodi. 

Diplaclme domingensis (Jacq.) Chapm., Fl. Soutii. U.S. (ed. 

3) 609. 1897. Basionym: Cynosurus domingensis Jacq. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Bcauv. 

Diplaclme dubia (Kunth) Scribn., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

10(1): 30. 1883. Basionym: Chhrjs dubia Kunth. 
= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

Diplaclme dubia \i\x.aristata Vasey, Proc. Calif. Acad. Sci., 

ser.2,2:213. 1889. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 



calycina Roxb.; Leptochloa arabica (Jacq.) Kunth; Z)//?/a67//;e t/wi/^ (Kunth) Scribn. var. Jw6/a. 



Leptochloa calycina (Roxb) Kunth. 

Dinebra secunda (Pursh) Roem. & Schult., Syst, Veg. 2: 711. 

1817. Basionym: Cynosurus secundus Pursh. 
NOTE: as "Duicba" secunda. 
= Boutcloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. 

Diplaclme P. Bcauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 80. 1812. TYPE: 

Diplaclme fascicularis (L^m.) P. Bcauv. 
= Leptochloa P, Bcauv. 



= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

Diplaclme dubia var Immholdtiana Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 

3(2): 349. 1898. 
= Lt^ptoch!oa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

Diplaclme dubia \ar.kurlziana Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 3(3): 

349. 1898. T-Specim.: 1 of L Argentina: Cordoba, 
E.B. Kurtz 6647 [T: US-86574]. 
= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nccs. 



Diplaclme acuminata '\^^'>\\,'W\i\\\.¥\.^.S>i^Xcs 128. 1901. T- Diplaclme dubia v^r. pringlcaua Kuntzc, Revis. Gen. PI. 



Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Kansas, Pottawatomie Co. 

Manhattan. 10 Jul 1892, C.//. Thompson s.n. [HT: NY- 
19505, IT: US-865882 (fragm.)]. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. fasciciilaris (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Diplaclme harbata Hack., Ocstcrr. Bot. Z. 52: 240. 1902. T- 

Protol.; Brasilia: Pcrnambuco: Boa Viagem, in 

arenosis, Schcnck 4310 [IIT: WJ. T-Spccini.: 1 of 1. 
Brazil: Pernamhuco: Boa Viagem, in arenosis,y.//./f. 
Schcnck 4310 [IIT: W; IT: US-788I3 (fragm.)]. 
= Gouinia barbata (Hack.) Swallcn. 



3(2): 349. 1898. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. Mexico: 
Chihuahua: hills and plains near Chihuahua, Aug 
1885, CG. Pringle 422 [LT: US-899043; ILT: GH, 
NY-19498, NY-19499, NY-19500, P, RAS], LT 
designated by Snow. 

= Leptochloa dubia (Kuntli) Nees. 

Diplaclme fascicularis (Lixm.) P. Bcauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 81, 

160, t. 16, f 9. 1812. Basionym: Festuca fascicularis 
Lam. 

= Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicuhiris (Lam.)N. Snow. 



Diplaclme brandegei Vasey, Proc. Calif Acad. ScL, ser. 2, 2: Diplaclme fusca (L.) P. Bcauv. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst 



213. 1889, T-Spccim.: I of 1. Mexico: Baja California 
Sur: Magdalcna Island, 18 Jan 1889,7:5'. Brandegee 
II [IT: US-78812]. 
= Enleropogon brandegei (Vasey) Clayton. 

Diplachne carinata (Griscb.) Hack., Bol. Acad. Ci. 

(Cordoba) 16: 253. 1900. \i\i^\o{\ym:Atropis carinata 
Griscb. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia {J. Prcsl) N. Snow. 

Diplachne cearensis Ekman, Ark. Bot. 10(17): 32, t, 5, f 3, t. 

6, f 18. 1911. T-ProtoL: Brazil: Ccara: in silvis 
caatinga dictis viani cntre Crato et Barbaiha, 23 Apr 
1810, Loefgrcu 672 [HT:S]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: 



Veg. 2: 615. 1817. Basionym: Fesiuca fusca L. 
NOTE: Ess. Agrost. 80, 163. 1812. 
= Leptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Diplachne fusca (L.) P. Beauv. ex Stapf, Li, Cap. 7: 591. 

1900. Basionym: Festuca fusca L. 
NOTE: noni. illeg. hom. 
E. NAME: Diplachne Jusca (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & 

Schult. 
= Leptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth, 

Diplachne fusca (L.) P. Beauv. ex Stuck , Anales Mus. Nac. 

Buenos Aires II: 128. 1904. Bdsionym: Festuca fusca 
L. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. hom. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



69 



E NAME: Diplachnc fusca (L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Diplachm peacockii Maiden & Belche, Agric. Gaz. New 

Soutli Wales 15: 925, with plate. 1904. T-Speciin.: 1 



Schult. 
= Lcptochloa fusca (1..) Kunlh. 

Diplachne guatemalensis Hack.. Oesterr. Bot. Z. 52: 275. 

1902. T-Protol.: Gwdlcnm]^. Fnedrichs(ahn748 [HT: 

W]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Guatemala, E,R, von 

Friedrichsihal 1748 [T: US-78815]. 
= Gouinia latifoiia \'ar. guatemalensis (Hack.) J.J. Ortiz. 

Diplachne balei^^s\\ New York Bot. Card. 1: 292. 1889. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: Louisiana, 188-, J. Hale s.n. 
[!IT: NY-19504]. 2 of 2. USA: Louisiana, 188-, 7. 
HalesM. [ST:US-78814]. 
= Lcptochloa panieoi(los{J. Presl) Hitchc. 

Diplachne imbricata (Thurb.) Scribn., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

10(1): 30. 1883- Basionym: Lcptochloa imbricata 

Thurb. 
= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. unincrvia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 

Diplachne latifoiia (Griseb.) Hack., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 52: 274. 

1902. Basionym: Tricuspis latifoiia Griseb. 
= Couinia latifoiia (Griseb.) Vasey. 

Diplachne malabahca (L.) Merr., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 60: 

635. 1933. Basionym: Poa malabarica L. 
NOTE: nom. rej., basionym rej. [ICBN art. 56.2]. 
= Lcptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Diplachne maritima C.P, Bicknell, Bull. Torrey Bot. Chib 

35(4): 195. 1908. 
REPLACED NAME: Festuca procumbens Muhl. 
BLOCKING NAME: Diplachne procumbens Arechav. 
= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.)N. Snow. 

Diplachne mendocina (Pliil.) Kurtz, Bol. Acad. Ci. (Cordoba) 

15: 52 L 1897. Basionym; Ipnum mcnJocinum Phil. 
= Lcptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

Diplachne mexicana (Scribn.) Hack., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 52: 

275. 1902. Basionym: Lcptochloa mexicana Scnhw. 
= Gouinia mexicana (Scribn.) Vasey. 

Diplachne monticola (Chase) McNeill, Britlonia 31(3): 40L 

1979. Basionym; Lcptochloa monticola Chase. 
= Gouinia latifoiia (Griseb.) Vasey. 

Diplachne panlcoides (J. Presl) McNeill, Britlonia 31(3); 

402. 1979. Basionym: Megastachya panlcoides J. 

Presl. 
= Lcptochloa panicoidci>(J. Presl) HiLclic. 

Diplachne patens (J. Presl) E. Desv., Fl. Chil. 6: 371. 1854. 

Basionym: Schismns patens^. Presl. 
= Lcptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

Diplachne patens E. Fourn. ex Hemsl., Biol. CenL-Anicr., 

Bot. 3: 570. 1885. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

CORRECT NAME: Diplachne patens E. Fourn. 

= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Diplachne patens E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 148. 1886. T- 

Protol.; Mexico: Vera Cruz, Gouin 93 [HT: P]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Vera Cruz, 28 Jul 1865, 
Gouin 93 [HT: P; US-2875408b (fragm. ex P)]. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Diplachne patens (J. Presl) E. Desv. 

= Lcptochloa fusca subsp, fascicularis (Lam.)N. Snow. 



of 1. Australia: New South Wales: Coolabah, 4 Dec 
]9Q4,Afaiden & Boonndn s.n. [LT: NSW^126631; IT: 
BM, BRI, K, W], LT designated (as holotype) by 
Lazarides, Brunonia 3: 263 (1980). 
= Lcptochloa decipiens subsp. peacockii (Maiden & 

Betche) N. Snow. 

Diplachne pringleiV^sGy ex Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 436. 

1896. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. oUepiochloa pringlei Beal. 
= Lcptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 



Diplachne procumbens Arccliav., Anales Mus 

Montevideo I: 414. 1894. T-Spccim.: 



Nac. 
1 of 1. 



Argentina: Buenos Aires, Feb \i92, Spegazzini sm. 
[HT:MNM;IT:BAA-914]. 
= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. unincrvia (J. I'icsl) N. Snow. 

Diplachne procumbens (Muhl.) Nash, Man. FI, N. States 128. 

1901. Basionym; Festuca procumbens Muhl. 
NOTE; hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Diplachne procumbens Arechav. 
CORRECT NAME: Diplachne maritima E.P. Bicknell. 

= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Diplachne reptatrix{L.) Druce, Bot. Arr. Brit. PI. (ed. 2) 129. 

1928. Basionym: Festuca reptatrix L. 
= Lcptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Diplachne reverchonii V'dscy, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 13(7): 

118. 1886. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: Llano Co.: 
collected on granitic rocks, J. Revcrchon 1613. T- 
Specini.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas: Llano Co: on granite 
rocks, May 1885, J. Revcrchon 1613 [IT: ST: US- 
78819; IT: K, LL, MO-1837490, MO-2108836]. 
NO IE: as Diplachne "Reverchoni". 
= Tripogon spicatus (Nees) Ekman. 

Diplachne rigida Vasey, U.S.D.A. Div. Bot Bull. 12(2): t. 

44. 1891. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas, I 
Revcrchon 30 [HT: US-90883 1]. 
= Eragroslis scssilispica Buckley, 

Diplachne scabra (Nees) Nicora, Hickenia 2(19): 91. 1993. 

Basionym: Lcptochloa scabra Nees. 



= Lcptochloa scabra Nees. 

Diplachne simplex Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 97. 1878. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. 
= Tripogon spicatus (Nees) Ekman. 

Diplachne spicata (Nees) Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 160. 1878. 

Basionym: Bromus spicatus Nees. 

= Tripogon spicatus (Nees) Ekman. 

Diplachne tarapacana Phil., Verz. Antofagasta Pfl. 88. 1891. 

T-Protol.: Chile: habitat prope oppidum Tarapaca,F. 

Philippi s.n. 
= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. unincrvia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 

Diplachne tracyi Vasey, Bull. Torrey Bol. Club 15: 40. 1888. 

T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. USA: Nevada: Washoe Co., 1887, 
SM Tracy 216 [IT: US-78818]. 2 of 2. USA: Nevada, 
Reno, 17 Jul 1887,5. M Tracy [IT: NY-19502, NY- 

19503]. 
- Lcptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 



70 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



Dlphichne iminervia (J, Prcsl) Parodf, Rcvista Centre Cstud. 

Agrojh 18: 147. 1925. Basionym: Megastachya 
uninervia J. Presl. 
= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 

Diplachnc uninervia fo. abbrcviata Parodi, Revista Fac. 

Aileron. Univ. Nac. La Plata 6; 36, 1927. T-Protol.: 



LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Nicora, E. G., M. E. Dc Panla, A. M. 

Faggi, M. (Jcl C. Mariano, A, M. Mianle A., L. R. 

Parodi, C. A. Petetin, F. A. Roig & Z. Rugolo de 

Agrasar(1978). 

SYN.: Monanthochloe auslralisS^DCu. 



Argentina: Buenos Aires: Pergamino, Basiialclo, 13 Distichlls condensuta (J. Presl) Ilcnisl., Biol. Ccnt.-Anicr., 



Nov 1925, LR. Parocii 6703 [HT:BAA]. 
= Leiit()chI<)a fnsca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 

Diplachnc uninervia var. procumhens (Arechav.) Parodi, 

Rcvista Fac. Agron. Veterin. (Buenos Aires) 6: 37. 
1927. Basionym: DiplacJme procumhens Arechav. 

- Leptochlua fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 

Diplachnc unincnia (J. PrcsIJ Parodi fo. uninervia. 
= Lcptochloa fusca subsp, uninervia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 

Diplachnc unincn^ia (J. Presl) Parodi var. uninervia. 

- Lept(>ciil(»a fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 

Diplachnc virgata (J. Presl) Hack., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 52: 276. 

1902. Basionym: Bromus virgatusS. Presl. 
= Gouinia virgata (J. Presl) Scribn. 

Diplachnc viscida Scribn., BulL Torrey Bot. Club 10(1): 30. 

1853. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona: Santa Cruz Valley, 
near Tuscon, 28 Jun 1881, CC. Pringle s.n, T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Arizona, Pima Co. Near 
Tucson, C. G. Pringle [T: 1T:NY-19501 (Possible)]. 

= Lcptochloa viscida (Scribn.) Beal. 

Dipiocca Raf., Amer. J. Sci. !: 252. 1818, 
= Triplasis P. Beauv. 

Diphcea barbata Raf., Amer. J. Sci. 1: 252. 1818. T-ProtoL: 

Raf. SM. 

NOTE: nom. prov. 

= Triplasis purpurea (Walter) Chapm. 

Disakisperma Sleud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 287. 12-13 Apr 

1854 ("1855"). TYPE: Disakisperma mexicana Stcud. 
= Lcptochloa P. Beauv. 

Disakisperma mexicana Stcud., Syn. PI. Gluniac. !: 287. 

1854. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, 1845, £.G. von 
Steudcl 112 OR 738 [IT: US-865873 (fragm )]. 

= Lcptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 



Distichlis Rai;, J. Phys. Chim. Hist. Nat Arts 89: 104. 

1819. TYPE: Distichlis maritima Raf. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NUT: Monanthochloinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 6, SUBSP-: 

12. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Beetle, A. A., (1943); Beetle, A. A., 

(1955). 
S\TnI.: Tr isi ola R'dC 

Distichlis araucana Phil., Analcs Mus. Nac. Santiago de 

Chile 94: 162. 1896. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Chile: 
Araucania ad Nacimicnto: in arenosa ripa fluminis 



Bot. 3(20): 578, 1885. Basionym: hlegastachya 
condensata]. Presl. 
= Eragrostis condensata (J. Presl) Steud. 

Distichlis dentata Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 536. 

1909. T-Prolol.: USA: Washington: \mi,Sandbcrg & 
Leiberg 463 [HT: NY], Pistillate plant. T-Specim.: 1 
of L USA: Washington, 14 Jul 1893,7.//. Sandberg & 
IB. Leiberg 463 [IIT: NY, IT: US-2947337]. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp, stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Distichlis deserticola Phil., Analcs Univ. Chile 36: 209. 

1870. T-ProloL: Chile: viajc al desierto de Atacam:i, 
Philippi 407, 
= Distichlis spicata var. mendocina (Pliil ) Hack. 

Distichlis distichophylla (Labill.) Fassett, Rhodora 27: 71. 

1925. Basionym: Uniola distichophylla Labill. 
= Distichlis spicata subbp. stricta (Torr.) Thome. 

Distichlis hirsuta Phil., Analcs Univ. Chile 36: 209. 1870. T- 

Protol.: Chile: Santiago. 

= Distichlis spicata var rnendocina (Phil.) I lack. 

Distichlis hirfa Phil., Analcs Univ. Chile 48: 570. 1873. T- 

Protol.: Chile: en los arcnales de Llico i Vichuqen, 
Luis Landbeck s.n. 
= Distichlis spicata var. nienducina (Phil.) Hack. 

Distichlis humitis Phil., Vcrz. Antofagasta Pll. 86. I89I. T- 

Protol.: Chile: Tarapaca: prope Antofagasta lecta, F. 

Philippi s.n. 
DST.: Argc, Boli.Chil. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1955); Foster, R. C. 

(1958); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Macbride, J. F. 

(1936); Marticorcna, C. & M. Quezada (1985); 

Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998), Tovar, 6. (1993). 
SYN.: Distichlis misera Pliil.; Distichlis spicata var. huniilis 

(Phil.)Kuntze. 

Distichlis laxiflora Hack., Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 

21: 141. 1911. T-Protol. : Argentina: Buenos Aires: 
Chapal-Malal, La Barrancosa, F. C. Sur, Stuckeri 
[Ihb. arg. 17468] [HT: Stuckert Hrb.]. T-Specim.: 1 
of I. Argentina: Buenos Aires, Stuckert 1^468 [HT]. 
DST.: Argc. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Nicora, E. G. (1970); Nicora, E. G., 

M. E. De Paula, A. M. Faggi. M. del C. Mariano, A. 
M. Miante A., L. R. Parodi, C. A. Petetin, F. A. Pvoig 
& Z. Rugolo de Agrasar (1978). 
SYN.: Distichlis scoparia To. laxiflora (Hack.) Beetle. 



Vergara, Jan 1877 [ST]. 2 of 2. Chile: in arenis praedii Distichlis marginata Phil., Verz. Antofagasta Pfl. 86. 1891. 



Renaico, 1871 [ST]. 
— Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) I home. 

Distichlis australis (Spcg.) Villamil, Kurtziana 5: 388. 1969 

Basionym: Monanthochloe australis Spcg. 
DST.: Arge. 



T-Protol.: Chile: Tarapaci: ad Breas lecta est, F. 
Philippi s.n., [Philippi Tarapaca] from title but Breas is 
in Antofagasta. 
= Distichlis spicata var. mendocina (Phil.) Mack. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



71 



Dislichlis marginafa var. stricta (Torr) Thurb., Dot. 

California 2: 306. 1880. Basionym: Umola stricta 

Torr. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Distichlis maritima Raf., J. Phys. Cliiiii. Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 

104. 1819. T-ProtoL: Atlantic coast of North America. 
NOTE: based on Vniola splcata L. as noted by A.S. Hilchc. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. spicata. 

Distichlis maritima var. stricta (Torr.) Thurb., Bot. California 

2: 306. 1880. Basionym: Uniola stricta loxi. 
- Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thome. 

Distichlis mendocina Pliil., Anales Univ. Chile 36: 209. 1870. 

T-Protol.: Mendoza. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Philippi s.n. 
[HT: SGO-045729]. 
= Distichlis spicata var. mendocina (Phil.) Hack. 

Distichlis misera Phil., Verz. Anlofagasta Pfl. 86. 1891. T- 

Protol.: Chile: Tarapaca: locis dictis Vegas del Diablo 
reperta, F, Philippi s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Chile: 
Vegas del Diablo prope Antofagasta, Jan 1885, 
Philippi s.n [HT:SGO]. 
= Distichlis hiimilis Phil. 

Distichlis muliinervosa (Vasey) Piper, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 

18: 147. 1905. Basionym: Me//camn////Jdrvoja Vasey. 
= Vaseyochloa miiltiiicrvosa (Vasey) Hitchc. 

Distichlis nodosa Raf, J. Phys. Chim, Hist. Nat. Arts 89: 

104. 1819. 
REPLACED NAME: Festuca distichophylla Michx. 
BLOCKING NAME: Distichlis distichophylla (LabilL) 

Fassett. 
= Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Distichlis palnieri (Vasey) Fassett ex I.M. Johnst., Proc. 

Calif. Acad. Sci., ser. 4, 12: 984. 1924. Basionym: 
Uniola palmer i Vasey. 

DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1987), Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez^Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); 

Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Shreve, F & L L. 
Wiggins (1964) 
SYN.: Uniola palnieri Wascy. 

Distichlis prostrata (Kunth) E. Desv., Fl. Cliil. 6: 398. 1854. 

Basionym: Poa prostrata Kunth. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Distichhs scoparia (Nees ex Kunth) Arechav., Anales Mus. 

Nac. Montevideo 1: 457, t. 58. 1897. Basionym:/*oa 

scoparia Nees ex Kunlh. 

DST.: Arge, Chil, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1955); Burkarl, A. 

(1969); Marticorena, C. & M. Quczada (1985); 
Nicora, E. G. (1970); Nicora, E. G., M. E. De Paula, 
A. M. Faggi, M. del C. Mariano, A. M. Miantc A., L. 
R. Parodi, C. A. Petetin, F. A. Roig & Z. Riigolo de 
Agi-asar (1978); Rosengurtt, B., B. R. Arriltaga de 
MaHci & P. Izaguirrc de Artucio (1970). 
SYN.; Foa scoparia Nees ex Kunth; Uniola scoparia (Nees 

ex Kunth) Steud. 

Distichlis scoparia fo. erinacea Beetle, Revista Argent. 

Agron. 22(2): 90. 1955. T-Protol.: Argentina: Chubut: 



Manantial, 19 May 1903 [HT: SI (herb, llicken no. 
9645, ex herb. Minist. Agric.)]. 
= Distichlis scoparia var. erinacea (Beetle) Nicora. 

Distichlis scoparia var. erinacea (Beetle) Nicora, Fl. 

Patagonica 3: 498. 1978. Basionym: Distichlis 
scoparia fo. erinacea Beetle, 
DST.: Arge. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Nicora, E. G., M. E. Dc Paula, A M. 

Faggi, M. del C. Mariano, A. M. Miante A., L. R. 
Parodi, C. A. Petetin, F. A. Roig & Z. Riigolo de 
Agrasar(1978). 
S^T4.: Distichlis scoparia fo. erinacea Beetle. 

Distichlis scoparia fo. laxijlora (Hack.) Beetle, Revista 

Argent. Agron. 22(2): 90. 1955. Basionym. Distichlis 
laxijlora IL^ck. 
^ Distichlis laxiflora Hack. 

Distichlis scoparia (Nees ex Kunlh) Arechav. fo. scoparia. 
= Distichlis scoparia var. scoparia. 

Distichlis scoparia (Nees ex Kunth) Arechav. var. scoparia. 
DST.: Arge, Chil, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Nicora, E. G., M. L. De Paula, A, M. 

Faggi, M. del C. Mariano, A. M. Miantc A., L. R. 

Parodi, C. A, Petetin, F. A. Roig & Z. Rugolo dc 

Agrasar(1978). 
SYN.: Distichlis scoparia fo. scoparia. 

Distichhs spicata (L.) Greene, Bull. CaliL Acad. Sci. 2: 415. 

1887. Basionym: Uniola spicata h. 

DST.: Arge, Beli, Boli, Cana. Cari, Chil, Ecua, Guat, Mexi, 

Peru, USA, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Balick, M. J., M. 

H. Nee & D. E. Atha (2000); Beetle, A, A. (1943); 
Beetle, A. A. (1987); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi 
(1993); Burkart, A. (1969); Catasiis Guerra, L. 
(1997); Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 
Cowan, C P. (1983); Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, 
N. H Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); Davidse, G., 
M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores generates) 
(1994); Edgar, E., H. E. Connor & J. E. Shand 
(1991); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Fcrnald, M. (1950); Foster R. 
C (1958); Galan-Mera, A. (1989); Gleason, H. A. & 
A- Cronquist (1968), Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten 
(1979); Gould. F. W. & R. Moran (1981), Great 
Plains Flora Association (1986); Hickman, J. C 
(1993); Hitchcock, A. S. (1909); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951), Jorgensen, P. M. & C UHoa U. (1994); 
Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yancz (eds.) (1999); 
Lavvcsson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley (1987); 
Long, R. W. & O. Lakela (1971), Macbride, J. F. 
(1936), McClure, F. A, (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); 
Nicora, E. G. (1970); Nicora, E. G., M. E. De Paula, 
A. M. Faggi, M- del C. Mariano, A. M. Miante A., L. 
R. Parodi, C A. Petetin, F. A. Roig & Z. Rugolo de 
Agrasar (1978); Pohl, R. W. (1994); Radford, A. E., 
H. E. Ahles & C R. Bell (1968); Renvoize, S. A. 
(1998), Rosengurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga de Maffei & 
P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 
[1979]); Seberg, 0. & G. Petersen (1998); Small, J. 



72 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



K. (1933); Tovar, 6. (1993); Wiinderlin, R. P. 
(1998). 
SYN.: Agropyron peruviamim (I.am.) Roem. & Schiilt.; 

Briza spicata (L.) Lam.; Brizopynim americanum 
(L.) Link; Brizopynim ovatum Noes ex Stcud.; 
Drizopyrum prostratum var. erectum E. Foiirn.; 
Brizopyrum prostraium var. humile E. Foiira.; 
Brizopyrum thalassicum (Kuiilh) Nees; Distichlis 
nodosa Raf, Distichlls spicata var. dentata (Rydb.) 
C.L. Ilitchc; Festuca multiflora Walter; Festuca 
triticea Lam. ex Kuntli; Festuca thticoides Lam.; 
htcgastachya thalassica (Kunth) Roem, & Schult.; 

Poa michauxii Kunth; Poa thalassica Kunth; 
Triticiim peruviamim Lam.; Uniola spicata L.; 
Uniola thalassica (Kuiilh) Trin. 

Disticlilis spicata var. andina Beetle, Revista Argent. Agron. 



DistichHs spicata var. mendocina (Phil.) Hack., Anales 

Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 6: 513. 1906. Basionym: 
DistichHs mendocina Phil. 

DST.: Arge.BoIi. 

LVL.ACCPTC.:2. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1955); Burkart, A. 

(1969). 

SYN.: DistichHs deserticola Phil.; DistichHs hirsuta Phil.; 

DistichHs Siirta Phil.; DistichHs marginata Phil.; 
DistichHs mendocina Phil.; DistichHs spicata fo. 
hirta (Phil.) Kuntze; DistichHs spicata \ds.}narginata 
(Phil.) Kuntze; DistichHs spicata var. thalassica 
(Kunth) Kuntze; DistichHs thalassica (Kunth) E. 
Desv.; DistichHs thalassica var, mendocina (Phil.) 
Kurtz; DistichHs thalassica var. pectinata Griseb.; 
DistichHs thalassica var. thalassica. 



22(2): 93, 1955, T-Protol.: Bolivia: Guaqui, 6 Feb DistichHs spicata var. mexicana Beetle, Bull. Torrey Bot. 



1937, LR. Parodi 10082 [IIT: BAA]. 
DST.: Arge, Buli, Eeua, Peru. 
LVL. ACCPrC.:2. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1955). 

Distichlis spicata var. borcalis (J. Presl) Beetle, Bull. Torrey 

Rot. Club 70(6): 643, f. 1, 8. 1943. Basionym: 
Brizopyrum boreale J. Presl. 

DST.: Cana, USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC.:2. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 



Club 70: 648, f. 5. 1943. T-Protol.: Mexico: Durango: 

Durango, 1896, £ Palmer 388 [ST; UC], (pistillate). 

T-Specim.: I of 2. Mexico: Durango, Jul 1896, £. 

Palmer 388 [ST: US-913771, US-748683]. 2 of 2. 

Mexico: Durango, E. Palmer 182 [ST]. 
DST,: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC.:2. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1943); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977), Beetle, A. A. (1987); Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 



(1943); Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey DistichHs spicata var. nana Beetle, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 



&J, W.Thompson (1969). 
S\^.: Brizopyrum boreale J. Presl; Poa borealis (J. Presl) 

Kunlh. 



Beetle, 



Distichlis spicata var. distichophylla (Michx.) 

Rhodora 47(557): 148. 1945. Basionym: Festuca 
distichophylla Michx. 

= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne, 

Distichlis spicata var. divaricata Beetle, Bull. Torrey Bot, 

Club 70(6): 647, f. 10. !943. T-Protol.: USA: 
California: Riverside Co.: Sallon, I902,y.5. Davy s.n. 
[HT: UC]. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 2. 



70: 647, f. 3, 9. 1943. T-Protol.: USA: California: 
Tulare Co.: Whitaker Forest. 28 Jun 1928, P.B. 
Kennedy s.n. [HT: AHUC]. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 2. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A, A. 

(1943); Hitchcock, A, S, (1951); Munz, P. A. & D. 
D, Keck (1959). 

Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene subsp. spicata. 
DST.: Boli, Cana, Cari, ChiL Mexi. USA, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 2. 

SYN.: Brizopyrum spicatum (L.) Hook. & Am.', Distichlis 

maritima Raf. 



ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Anonymous (1986); Bccllc, A. A. Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene var spicata. 



(1943); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); 

Lspejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Munz, P. A. & D, D. Keek (1959). 

DistichHs spicata fo. hirta (Phil.) Kuntze, Revis, Gen. PI. 

3(3): 350. 1898. Basionym: DistichHs hirta Piiil. 
= Distichlis spicata var. mendocina (Phil) Hack. 

Distichlis spicata var. humihs (Phil.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI, 

3(3): 350. 1898. Basionym: DistichHs humilis Phil. 
= Distichlis humilis Phil. 

Distichlis spicata var. laxa Vasey ex Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 

519. 1896. T'Protol.: USA: Utah: Lake Park, 1887, 
Tracy s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Utah: Lake Park, 
\^^1, Tracy s.n. [HT]. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Distichlis spicata var. marginata (Phil,) Kunlze, Revis. Gen. 

PL 3(2); 350. 1898. Basionym: Z)/5//c/?//j marginata 
Phil. 
= Distichlis spicata var mendocina (Phil.) Hack. 



DST.:Cana, Mexi, USA. 

LVL- ACCPTC: 2. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A, (1943); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987), Correli, D. S. & M. C 
Johnston (1970); Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 
(1991); Marticorena, C & M, Quezada (1985). 

Distichlis spicata var. stolonifcra Beetle, Bull. Torrey Bot. 

Club 70(6): 644, f 4, 12, 1943. T-Protol.: USA: 

California: Humboldt Co.: near Ferndale, pistillate, 30 
Jul 1899, J.5. Davy & W,C. Blasdale 6202 [HT: UC]. 
T-Specim.: I of 1. USA: California: Humboldt Co.: 
near Ferndale, 30 Jul 1899,J.i?. Davy & iV^C. Blasdale 

6202 [\IT\ US;IT:US-9t3745]. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 2, 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle. A. A. 

(1943), Beetle, A. A. (1977); Beetle, A. A. (1987); 
Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. L6pcz-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959). 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



73 



Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thome, Aliso 9(2): 

195. 1978. Basionym; Uniola sirictaTon. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Cana, Chil, Ecua, Mcxi, Peru, USA, 

Urug. 
LVL. ACCFTC.:2. 

SYN.: Brizopyrum prostratum (KunthJ Bcnth. ex E. Fourn.; 

Brizopyntm prostratum (Kunth) E. Fourn.; 
Brizopyrum spicatum var. strictimi (Torr.) A, Gray ex 
S . Watson ; Distichlis araucana Pli i I . ; Distich lis 
dentata Rydb.; Distichlis distichophylla (Lab ill.) 
Fassett; Distichlis marginata var. stricta (Torr.) 
Tliurb.; Distichlis mantima var. stricta (Torr.) 
TInirb.; Distichlis nodosa Raf., Distichlis prosirata 
(KuiUh) E. Desv.; Distichlis spicata var. 
distichophylla (MicJix.) Beetle; Distichlis spicata var. 
laxa Vasey ex Beal; Distichlis spicata var. stricta 
(Torr.) Beetle; Distichlis spicata var. stricta (Torr.) 
Scribii.; Distichlis stricta (Torr.) Rydb.; Distichlis 
stricta var. dentata (Rydb.) C.L. \\\\c\\c.\ Distichlis 

stricta \'ar. laxa (Vasey ex Beal) Fa\\c. & West ex 

Munz; Distichlis stricta var. stricta] Distichlis 
tenuifoUa Pli i 1 . ; Distichlis viridis Phil .; Festuca 
distichophylla (Labill.) Hook. f.; Festuca 
distichophylla Michx.; Megastachya prostrata 
(Kunth) Roem. & Schult.; Poa distichophylla 
(Labill.) R. Br.; Poa mlchanxii Kunth; Poa paradoxa 
Rocm. & Schull.; Poa prostrata Kunth; Uniota 
distichophylla (Michx.) Roem. & Schult.; Uniola 
distichophylla Labill.; Uniola Jlexuosa Buckley; 
Uniola miiltijlora Nutt.; Uniola prostrata (Kunth) 
Trin.; Uniola stricta Torr. 

Distichlis spicata var. stricta (Torr.) Scribn., Mem. Torrey 

Bot. Club 5(4): 51. 1894. Bdsionym: Uniola stricta 

Torr. 
NOTE: varietal status is indicated in the introduction (p. 7) 

of tliis paper. 
^ Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Distichlis spicata V3X. stricta (Torr) Beetle, Bull. Torrey Bot. 

Club 70(6): 645, f. 6. 1943. Basionym: O'j^/o/a stricta 

Torr. 

NOTE: nom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Distichlis spicata \'dx, stricta (Torr.) Scribn. 

= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Distichlis spicata var. thalassica (Kunth) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. 

PI. 3(3): 350. 1898. Basionym: Poa thalassica Kunth. 
= Distichlis spicata var mendocina (Phil.) Hack. 

Distichlis stricta (Torr.) Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

32(1 1): 602. 1905. Basionym: Uniola stricta Ion. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Distichlis stricta var. dentata (Rydb.) C,L, Hitchc, Vase. PI. 

Pacific NW 1: 553. 1969. Basionym: Distichlis 
dentata Rydb. 
^ Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Distichlis stricta var. laxa (Vasey ex Beal) Fawc. & West ex 

Munz, Man. S. Calif Bot. 52, 597. 1935. Basionym: 
Distichlis spicata var. laxa Vasey ex Bcaf 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Distichlis stricta (Torr.) Rydb. var. stricta. 
^ Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 



Distichlis tenuifolia Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 94; 162. 1896. 

T-Protol.: Chile: in arena litorca insulae Quiriquinae et 
propc Talcahuano crcscit, Philippi s,n. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thome. 

Distichlis texana (Vasey) Scribn., Circ. Div. Agrostol. 

L.S.D.A. 16: 2. 1899. Basionym: Poa texana Vasey. 
= Allolepis texana (Vasey) Soderstr. & H.F. Decker 

Distichlis thalassica (Kunth) E. Desv., Fl. Chil. 6: 397. 1854. 

Basionym: Poa thalassica Kunth. 
= Distichlis spicata var. mendocina (Phil.) Hack. 

Distichlis thalassica \?ix. mendocina (Phil.) Kurtz, Bol. Acad. 

Ci. (Cordoba) 15: 521. 1897. Basionym: Distichlis 

mendocina Phil. 
= Distichlis spicata var. mendocina (Phil.) Hack. 

Distichlis thalassica var. pectinata Griseb., Abh, Konigl. 

Ges. Wiss. Gotlingcn 24: 291. 1879. T-Protol.: 
[Lorentz] sm., the fnllowing 3 specimens may all refer 
to the same collection. T-Spccim.: 1 of 3. Cordoba, 
[Lorentz] s.n. [T]. 2 of 3. Chile; Santiago del Estcro, 
[Lorentz] s.n, [T]. 3 of 3. Pampa pr. Laguna de Pocho 
[T]. 
= Distichlis spicata var. mendocina (Phil.) Hack. 

Distichlis thalassica (Kunth) E. Desv. var. thalassica. 
— Distichlis spicata var. mendocina (Phil ) Hack, 

Distichlis viridis Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 94: 163. 1896. T- 

Protol.; Chile: prope Monte Amargo inter Caldera et 

Copiapo lecta fuil, Philippi sm. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
Chile: Atacama, Coll. Ukn. 212 [IT: US-1 763463], CS. 

= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 

Doellochloa Kuntze, Rcvis. Gen. PL 2: 773. 1891. TYPE: 

Docllochloafastigiata (Nees) Runtze. 

NOTE: nom. illeg. superll. 
= Gymnopogon P. Beauv. 

Doellochloa fastigiata (Nees) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 773. 

1891. Basionym; Gymnopogon fastigiatusNccs, 
= Gymnopogon fastigiatus Nees. 

£c/7/>7^^i//7j^5Cerv.,Naturalcza (Mexico City) 1:351. 1870. 

= Tragus Haller. 

Ectosperma Swallen, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 40(1): 19. 1950. 

TYPE: Ectosperma alexandrae Swallen. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. 
= Svvallenia Soderstr. & 1 IF. Decker. 

Ectosperma alexandrae Swallen, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 40(1): 

19, f 1. 1950. T-Prolol.: USA: California: Inyo Co.: 
Eureka Valley, on lower slopes of big sand hill, 3050 
ft, 24 May 1949, .4. M Alexander & L Kellogg 5655 
[HT: US-1963637]. T-Specim.: I of 1, USA: 
California: Inyo Co.: Eureka Valley, 24 May 1949,M 

Alexanders L Kellogg 5655 [HT: US-1963637]. 
= Swallenia Soderstr. & H.F. Decker. 



Elcusine Gacrtn., Fruct. Scm. PI. 1: 7. 1788. TYPE: 

Eleusine coracana (L.) Gacrtn.; LT designated by 
Nash in Britton & Brown, 111. FL N. U.S. (cd. 2) 1 : 228 

(1913), 
TRTD. BY; Peterson, P. M. & K, W. Hilu. 
NHT: Eleusininae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 4 SUBSP.; 2. 



74 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



CNSLTD. LIT.: Phillips, S. M., (1972), Werth, C. R., K. 

iniu, C. A. Langer & W. V. Baird, (1993). 

Eleusinc aegyptia (L.) Dcsf, FK Allant. 1: 85. 1798. 

Dasionym: Cynosurus aegyptius L. 
NOTE: as "aeg}ptiaca'\ a correctable error. 
= Dactyloctcnium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Eleitsine aegyptia (L.) Pcrs., Syn. PI. 1: 87. 1805. Basionym: 

Cynosurus aegyptius L. 

NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Elensine aegyptia (E.) Desf 
= Dactyloctcnium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

ElcusUie aegyptia Raf., Chlor. Aeln. 7. 1815. 
NOTE: without citation of basionym, presumably same as 

Elcusine aegyptia Desf. 
E. NAME: Elet(sine aegyptia (E.) Desf. 
= Dactyloctcnium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Eleusine aegyptia (L.) Roxb., I-J. Ind., ed. 1820 1: 345. 1820. 

Basionym: Cynosurus aegyptius E. 
NOTE: isonym, as "aegyptica", a correctable error. 
E. NAME; Eleusine aegyptia (E.) Desf 
= Dactyloctcnium acgyptiuiii (I .) Willd. 

Eleusine aegyptia (L.) Roberty, Petite PI. I'Oucst-Afr. 386. 

1954. Basionym: Cynosurus aegyptius L. 
NOTE: isonym, also Roberty in Bull. Inst. Franc. Afr. 

Noire, Ser.A., 18: 50, 1955. 
E. NAME: Eleusine aegyptia (E.) Desf 
= Daetylocteiiiuin aegyptium (E.) Willd. 

Eleusine aegyptiaca (L.) Desf, Fl. Athint. 1: 85. 1798. 

Basionym: Cynosurus aegyptius E. 

NOTE: orth van, see E. aegyptia, 

= Dactyloctcnium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Eleusine africana Kcnn.-O'Byrne, Kcw Bu!!. 12: 65. 1957. T- 

ProtoL: South Africa: Cape Province: Kimbcrly 
District: Warrcnton-on-Waal, Mar 1952, Wilman HKI, 
T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. South Africa: Cape Province, 
Kimberley Dist.; Warrenton-on-Waal, Mar 1950, A/. 
Wihnan ILK.l [IIT: K; IT: US-2589173]. 
= Eleusine coracana subsp. africana (Kcnn,-0'B>rnc) Hilu 

& de Wet. 

Eleusine barbata Desv., Mem. Sec. Agric. Angers 1: 208. 

1831. T-Protol.: Crescit in Brasilio. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 

Brazil, Coll. Ukn. s.n. [J: US-88709]. 
NOTE: also in Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 104 [reprint] 1831- 

1833. 
= Leploctiloa barbata (Desv.) Parudi ex Nicora. 

Eleusine calycina Roxb., liort. Bengal. 8. 1814. 
NOTE: nom. nnd. 



= Dimhra rctrofi 



(Vahl) Panz. 



Eleusine calycina Roxb., Fl. Ind.. ed. 1820 1: 347. 1820. T- 

Proto!.: On dr>' pasture ground, but generally amongst 
bushes. 
= Dincbra rctroflcxa (Vahl) Panz. 

Eleusine cerealis Salisb., Icon. Siirp. Rar. 19. 1796. 
NOTE: nojn, illeg. superfl. 
= tlcusine coracana (L.) Gacrtn. 

Eleusinc cerealis Ehrenb. ex Sweet, llort. Brit. (ed. 2) 57 L 

1830. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 



E. NAME: Eleusine cerealis Salisb. 
= Eleusine coracana (L.) Gacrtn. 

Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn., Frucl. Scm. PL 1: 8, t. 1, f 

1 1. 1788. Basionym: Cynosurus coracanus L. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1 ; cultivated, introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bor, N. L. (1960); Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1951); ORSTOM (1988); Phillips, S. (1995); 
Phillips, S.M. (1972). 

SYN.: Cynosurus coracanus L/, Eleusine cerealis Ehrenb. 

ex Sweet; Eleusine cerealis Salisb.; Eleusine 
coracana var. stricta (Roxb.) Nees; Eleusine 
coracana var. tocussa (Fresen.) Frnnch,; Eleusine 
Indica subsp. coracana (L.) Lye', Eleusinc indica var. 
coracana (E.) Fiori; Eleusine indica var. stricta 
(Roxb.) Chiov.; Eleusiiic luco W clw/y Eleusine pilosa 
Gilli; Eleusine sphaerosperma Stokes; Eleusine 
stricta Roxb.; Eleusine tocussa Fresen. 

Eleusinc coracana suhsp. africana (Kenn-O'Byrne) llilu & 

de Wet, Econ. Bot. 30: 202. 1976. Bnsionym:£fer/.v//7e 
africana Kenn.-O'Byrne. 
NOTE: nom. inval., basionym not cited. 
= Eleusine corncana subsp. africana (Kenn.-O'Byrne) Ililu 

& de Wet. 

Eleusine coracana subsp. africana (Kenn.-0'B>rne) llilu & 

de Wet, Phytologia 78(5): 411. 1994. Basionym: 

Eleusine africana Kcnn.-0"B) rue. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY* Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Welmaii, 

E. Rcitief, K. L. Immelman. G. Germishuizen, B. J. 

Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 

(1987). 

SYN.: Eleusine africana K^im.-O'Bynic, Eleusine coracana 

subsp. africana (Kenn.-O'Byrne) Hilu & de Wet; 
Eleusine indica subsp. africana (Kenn.-O'Byrne) 
S.M. Phillips. 

Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn subsp. coracana. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

Eleusine coracana v^r. stricta (Roxb.) Nees, Fl. Afr. Austral. 

. 1: 251. 184L Basionym: Eleusine stricta Roxb. 
= Eleusine coracana (L.) Gacrtn. 

Eleusine coracana var. tocussa (Fresen.) Franch., Bull. See. 

Hist. Nat. Autun 8: 377. 1893. Basionym: Eleusine 
tocussa Fresen. 
= Eleusinc coracana (L.) Gaertn. 




Eleusine cruciata Lam., Tabl. EncycL 1: 203, t. 48, f 2. 

1791. T-Protol.: ex Indiis utrisque. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. for Cynosurus aegyptius. 
CORRECT NAME: Eleusine aegyptia (L,) Desf 
= Dactyloctcnium aegyptium (L) Willd. 

Eleusine cruciata Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 176. 

1816. T-Protol.: Grows in cultivated ground, common. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 
E. NAME: Eleusine cruciata Lam. 
= Dactyloctcnium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Eleusine digitata (R. Br.) Spreng., SysL Veg. 4: Cur. Post. 

36. 1827. Basionym: Poa digitata R. Br. 
= Lcptochloa digitata (R. Br.) Domin. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



75 



Elcusine digitata Willd. ex Steud., Nomcncl. Dot. (ed. 2) 549. Eleusine gracilis (Kunth) Spreng., Syst. Vcg. 1 : 350. 1825 



1840. 
NOTE: iiom. illcg., as syn. of Leptochloa digitaria (Kunth) 

Nees. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) F. Bcauv. 

Eleusine distachya Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 440. 1829. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Eleusine indica; Steud. Nom. 

Bot. ed. 2 1: 549. 1840. 
= Eleusine iiidica (L.) Gacrtn. 

Eleusine distans Moench, Methodus 210. 1794. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. 
= Eleusine indica (1 .) Gaertn. 

Eleusine domingensis (Jacq.) Pers., Syn. PI. 1: 87. 1805. 

Basionym: Cynosurus domingensis Jacq. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Bcauv. 

Eleusine domingensis Sieber ex Schiilt,, Mant. 2: 323. 1 824. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn., 

horn, illcg. 
E. NAME: Eleusine domingensis (Jacq.) Pcrs. 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine egyptia Raf, Precis Decouv. Somiot. 45. 1814. 
NOTE: Presumably same as Eleusine aegyptia Desf. 
E. NAME: Eleusine aegyptia (L.) Desf. 
= Dactyloctcnium acgyptium (L.) Willd 

Eleusine elongata Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 1: 

549. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Leptochloa fd if orniis (Lam.) 

P. Beauv, 
= Leptochloa panicea subsp. mucronata (Michx.) 

Nowack. 

Eleusine filiformis?QTs., Syn. PI. 1: 87. 1805. 
REPLACED NAME: Festucafdiformis Lam. 
BLOCKING NAME: Festucafdiformis Pourret. 
= Leptochloa panicea subsp. brachiata (Steud.) N. Snow. 

Eleusine glabra Schuiiiach., Bcskr. Guin. PI. 53-54. 1827. T- 

Protol.: Guinea. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Ghana, 777o««/f?g 
392 [\\\. C;IT:K]. 
NOTE: also in Kongel. Danske Vidensk. Selsk. 

Naturvidcnsk. Math. Alh. 3: 73-74 (1828). 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine glaucophylla (Courbai) Munro ex Benth., J. Linn. 

Soc., Bot. 19: 107. 1881. fi'dS\ov\ym\ Dactyloctcnium 
glaucophyllum Courbai. 
= Dactyloctcnium scindicum Boiss. 

Eleusine gonantha Schrank, Syll. PI. Nov. 1: 191. 1824. T- 

Protol.: Brazil: Habitat in Brasilia, uiidc D. dc Martius 

scmina misit. 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine gouini E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 146. 1886. T-Protol.: 

Mexico: Veracruz, Gouin 66. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. 
Mexico: Veracruz, Gouin 66 [HT]. 2 of 2. 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine gracilis Sali^b., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allcrton 19. 

1796. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. 
CORRECT NAME: Cynosurus indicus L. 

= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 



Basionym: Chloris gracilis Kunth. 
NOTE: nom. illcg. 

= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 

Eleusine inaequalis E. Fourn. ex Hcmsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., 

Bot. 3:565. 1885. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. Eleusine indica. 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine inaequalis E. Fourn., Mexic, PI. 2: 145. 1886. T- 

Specim.: I of 7. Mexico: Vera Cruz, Gow/w 67 [ST]. 2 
of 7. Orizaba, Bott. 125 [ST: herb. Van Ikurck]. 3 of 
7. Orizaba, BotL 126 [ST: herb. Van Ileurck]. 4 of 7. 
Orizaba, Bott. 1258 [ST: herb. Van llcurck], 5 of 7. 

Izhuatlancillo, Bourg. 2378 part. [ST]. 6 of 7. 
Chapultcpec, Schaffn. 34 [ST]. 7 of 7. San. Luis de 
Potosi, Viri s.n. [ST]. 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn., Fruct. Scm. PL 1: 8. 1788. 



Basionym: Cynosurus indicus L. 

DST.: Arge, Beli, Boli, Braz, Cana, Cari, Chil, Colo, CoRi, 

Ecua, ElSa, FrGu, Guat, Guya, Hoiid, Mexi, Nica, 
Pana, Para, Peru, Suri, USA, Drug, Vcne. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Adams, C. D. 

(1972); Allem, A. C. & J. F. M. Vails (1987); Balick, 
M. J., M. H. Nee & D. E. Atha (2000); Beetle, A. A. 
(1977); Berendsohn, W. G. & A. E. Araniva de 
Gonzalez (1991); Bor, N. L. (1960); Brako, L. & J. 
L. Zarucchi (1993); Breedlovc, D. E. (I9S6); Burkart, 
A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. (1970); Catasus Guerra, L. 
(1997), Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Cowan, C. P. (1983); Cronquist, A., A. If Holmgren, 
N. R Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); Davidse, G., 
M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores generales) 
(1994); Dodson, C. H. & A. IL Gentry (1978); 
Dodson, C. H., A. H. Gentry & F. M. Valverde 
(1985); Doll, I C. (1878); Edgar, E., H. E. Connor & 
J. E. Shand (1991); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Fernald, M. 
(1950); Filgueiras, T. S. (1991); Foster, R. C. (1958); 
GlcasoUj !L A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Glcason, H. 
A. & A. Cronquist (1991); Gould, F. W (1979); 
Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Great Plains Flora 
Association (1986); Hickman, J, C. (1993), 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1909); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), 
Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbcy & J, W. 
ihompson (1969); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Le6n- 
Yanez (eds.) (1999); Judziewicz, E. L (1990); 
Killeen, T. J. (1990), Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & 
P. Bcntlcy (1987), Lindeman. J. C. & A. L. StolTers 
(1963); Liogier, H. & L. Martorell (1982), Long, R. 
W. & O. Lakcla (1971), Marticorena, C. & M. 
Quezada (1985); McClure, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, 
R. (1983); Molina R., A. (1975), Mun/., P. A, Si D. 
D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); ORSTOM 
(1988); Phillips, S. (1995); Phillips, S. M. (1972); 
Pohl, R. W. (1980), Pohl, R. W. (1994); Porter, D. 
M. (1983); Radford, A. E., R E. Ahles & C. R. Bell 
(1968), Rceder, J. R. & C. G. Recder (1971); Renner, 
S. S., H. Balslev & L. B. Holm-Nielsen (1990); 
Renvoize, S. A. (1984); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1988); 
Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Rosengurtt, B., B. R. 
Arrillasa dc Maffei & P. I/aguirre de Artucio (1970); 



76 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II, 



Rutcnbcrg, C. (1880-18S9); Scoggan, !1. J. (1978 
[1979]); Shrcve, F. & L L. Wiggins (1964); 
Skottsberg, C. (1922); Small, J. K. (1933), Smith, L 
B., D. C. Wasshaiiscn & R. M. Klein (1981); Sousa 
S., M. & E. F. Cabrera C. (1983); Tovar, 6. (1993); 
Voss, E. G. (1972); Wiggins, I. L. & D. M. Porter 
(1971); Wimdcrlin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.: Chloris repem Steiid,; Cynodon Indicus (L.) Raspail; 

Cynosurus indicus L.; Elcusine distachya Nees; 
Eleusine distarts M(KM1c]i; Eleusine domingcnsis 
Sieber ex Schult.; Eleusine glabra Schumach.; 
Eleusine gonanlha Schrank; Eleusine gouini E. 
Fourn.; Eleusine gracilis Salisb.; Eleusine inaequalis 
E. Fourn.; Eleusine inaequalis E. Fourn. ex Ilcmsl.; 
Eleusine Indica war, major E. Fourn.; Eleusine indica 
var. sandaensis Vandcrjst; Eleusine rigidifolia E. 
Fourn.; Eleusine rigidifolia E. Fourn. ex Ilemsl.; 
Eleusine scabra E. Fourn.; Eleusine scabra E. 
Fourn.; Eleusine scabra E. Fourn. ex Hemsl.; 
Eleusine text His Wclw. 

Eleusine indica subsp. africana (Kenn.-O'Byrne) S.M. 

Phillips, Kew Bull.' 27(2): 259. 1972. Basionym: 
Eleusine africana Kenn.-O'Byrne. 

ana subsp. africana (Kcnii.-O'Byrne) Hilu 



= Eleusine 

& de Wet. 

Eleusine indica \ar. bracbystachya Trin., Sp. Gram. 1: t. 72. 

1828. 
REPLACED NAME: Triticum gcminatum Sprcng. 
= Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Lam. 

Eleusine indica var. condensata D6II, Fl. Bras. 2(3); 86. 

1878. T-Protol.: Brazil and Uruguay: Brazil: In 
Brasilia meridonali ct ad Montevideo, Sella. 
= Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Lam. 

Eleusine indica subsp. coracana (L.) Lye, Lidia 4: 150. 1999. 

Basionym: Cynosurus coracanus L. 
= Eleusine eoracana (L.) Gacrtn. 



Eleusine indica var. coracana (L.) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 1: 

1 14. 1923. Basionym: Cynosurus coracanus L. 
= Eleusine coracana (L.) Gacrtn. 

Eleusine indica var. major E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 145. 1886 

T-Spccim.: 1 of 5. Jicallepec, Karw, c? Liebm, 223 
[SI]. 2 of 5. in itinerc a Colipa ad JicaltcpeCj Ari7nv. 
s.n. [ST]. 3 of 5. Paso dc Oona Juana, Liebm. 222 
[ST]. 4 of 5. Mundo \\cw\^,Karw, 955 [ST]. 5 of 5. 
Morro, Rancho nuevo, Lieb. 227 [ST], 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gacrtn. 



Agric 



Eleusine indica var. sandaensis Vanderyst, Bull. 

Congo Beige 11: 122. 1920. 
NOTE' nom. prov. based on Vanderyst 5459. 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine indica var. striata (Roxb.) Chiov., Nuovo Giorn. 

Bot. Ital. 26: 83. 1919. Basionym: Eleusine striata 
Roxb, 
= Eleusine coracana (L.) Gacrtn. 

Eleusine indica var. tristachya (Lam.) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Italia 

1; 114. 1923. Basionym: Cynosurus tristachyos Lam. 
= Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Lam. 

Eleusine leucosperma Bernh. ex Sleud.» Nomenck Bot. (cd. 

2) 1:549. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. invak, as syn. o( Eleusine oligostachya . 



= Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Lam. 

Eleusine luce Welw., Apont. 59L 1859[1859]. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine mucronata Michx., Fk Bor.-Amer. 1: 65. 1803. T- 

Protok: Hab. in cultis Illinoensibus, Michaux s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: WWno'is, Michaux s.n. [HT: P- 
MICH]. 
= Leplochloa panicea subsp. mucronata (Micl^x.) 

Nowack. 

Eleusine mucronata Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 150. 1812. T- 

Protok: Species gathered by Broughlon in Jamaica, 
B rough ton s.n. 

NOTE: horn, illcg. 

E. NAME: Eleusine mucronata Michx. 

= Dactjlnctenium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Eleusine mi4cronata (Michx.) Ilornem.. Hort. Bol. Hafn. 1 16. 

1819. Basionym: Chloris mucronata Michx. 
NOTE: horn, illeg,, same sp. as Stokes 1812, but different 

type. 
E. NAME: Eleusine mucronata Michx. 
= Dactylocteuium aegyptium (L.) Willd. 

Eleusine multiflora Hochst. ex A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 

412. 1851 [1850]. T-Protok: Crescit in pratis et locis 
graminosis circa Adowa ncc non in provincia Chir(5, 2 
syntypes. T*Specim.: 1 of 2. Ethiopia: in graminosis et 
campis Poae Abyssinicac prope Adoani, 20 Sep 1837, 
W. Schimper, pi Schimp. Abyss., sect /, 110 [LT: P; 
1ST: K, MO, US-3298790], LT designated by ?; cilcd 
(as type) by McVaugh, Fk Novo-Galic. 14: 157 
(1983). 2 of 2. Abyssinia: circa Adoua, ncc. non in 

provincia Chire, Quartin Dillon s,n. [ST], 
DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A A. (1977); Breedlovc, V). 

E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater 
(cditores generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gibbs 

Russell, G. E, W. G. Welman," E. Reitief, K. L. 
hnmclman, G. Gcrmishuizcn, B. J, Pienaar. M. van 

Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); McVaugh, 

R. (1983); Phillips, S. (1995); Phillips, S. M. (1972); 
Pohl, R. W. (1994). 
SYN.: Eragrostis hvaiensisVzXcr. 

Eleusine oligostachya Link, Hort. Berok I: 60. 1827. T- 

Protok: Hab. Hort. 
= Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Lam. 

Eleusine peciinata Mocnch, Methodus 68. 1802. 

NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrtk 

CORI^ECT NAME: Cynosurus acgyptius L. 

— Dactylucteniuni 9eg>ptium (L.) Wilid. 

Eleusine pilosa Gilli, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 69: 50. 

1965[1966]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Tanzania: NW shore of 
Lake Nyassa near Mwaya, Cilli 78 [IIT: W]. 

— Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine procera Sprcng. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bol. (cd. 2) 1: 

549. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. illeg., as syn. of Uniola racemiflora Trin. 
= Uniola virgata (Poir.) Griseb. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



77 



Elem'me rigidifolia E. Fourn. c\ Hemsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., 

Bot3: 565. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Elcusinc indica (L.) Gaertii. 

Eleusine rigidifolia E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 146. 1886. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 2. Mexico: In arcnis prope Vera Cruz, 
Gouin s.n. [ST]. 2 of 2. Oajaca, Ghiesbreght s.n. [ST], 
= Eleusine indicu (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine scabra E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Dot. France 27: 296. 

1880. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine scabra E. Fourn. ex Hcmsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., Dot. 

3: 565. 1885.T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, 20 Sep 1865- 
1866, M Bourgeau 1030 [OM: lJS-884368]. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine scabra E. Fourn., Mexic. Pt. 2: 145. 1886. T- 

Specim.: I of 9. Mexico: Secus agros prope Mejico, 
Bonrg. 1030 [ST: US: 884368]. 2 of 9. Secus agros 
Mejico, Bourg. 2378 part. [ST]. 3 of 9. San Luis de 
Potosi, VirL 1435 [ST]. 4 of 9. Orizaba, Bilimek 454 
[ST: in herb. Coss.]. 5 of 9. Orizaba, Thomas s.n. [ST: 
in herb. Buchinger]. 6 of 9. Orizaba, Bonrg. 2743 
[ST]. 7 of 9. Orizaba, Bourg 2634 [ST]. 8 of 9. 
Orizaba, F. MelL 1392 [ST]. 9 of 9. Vera Cruz.Bouin 
67 [ST]. 
= Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine scindica (Boiss.) Duthie, Fodder Grasses North. 

India 58. 1888. BdSiowym: Dactylocteniu?n scindicum 
Boiss. 
= Dactyloctenium scindicum Boiss. 

Eleusine sparsa Muhf, Descr. Gram. 135. 1817. T-ProtoK: 

USA: Habitat in Carolina et Georgia. 
NOTE: nom. illcg. superfl. 
CORRECT NAME: Eleusine fdiformis Pcrs. 
= Ltptochloa panicea subsp. brachiata (Steud.) N. Snow. 

Eleusine sphaerosperma Stokes, Bol. Mat. Med. 1: 149. 

1812. T-Protof: Cult: Specimens gathered in Paris 

garden. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. 
= Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine striata Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. 1820 1: 344. 1820. T- 

Protol.: In the Rajamundry Circar. 
= Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine striata Willd. ex Steud., Nomcncl. Bot. {ed. 2) 1: 

549. 1840. 
NOTE: num. inval., as syn. oiLeptochloa fdiformis (Lam.) 

P. Beauv. 

E. NAME: Eleusine striata Roxb. 

= Leptochloa panicea subsp. brachiata (Steud.) N. Snow. 

Eleusine texldis Welw., J. Travel NaL Hist. 1:31. 1 868. 
NOTE: nom. prov. based on VVchvitsch 1 104 (liM). 
= Elcusinc indica (L.) Gaertn. 

Eleusine tocussa Fresen.. Mus. Senckenberg. 2: 141. 1837. T- 

Specim.: I of 2. Ethiopia: Dagussa, prope Adoam. 
Cult, at Frankfurt from Abyssinian seed, 15 Nov 1837, 
W.Schimper 347 [POSSIBLE TYPE: FR, US- 



3298794]. 2 of 2. Ethiopia: C^Wim JV.Schimper 1969 
[POSSIBLE TYPE: US-3298784]. 

coracana (L.) Gaertn. 



= EI 



Eleusine Iristachya (Lam.) Lam., Tabl Encycl. 1: 203. 1791 

[1792]. Basionym: Cynosurus tristachyos Lam. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Chil, Para, USA, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. 

(1970); Edgar, E., H. E. Connor & J. E. Shand 
(1991); Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Wclman, E, 
Rciticf, K. L. Iinmelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. 

Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 
(1987); Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquisl (1968); 
Hickman, L C. (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 
Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada (1985); Munz, P. A. 
(1968); Nicora, E. G., M. E. De Paula, A. M. Faggi, 
M. del C. Mariano, A. M, Miante A., L. R. Parodi, C. 
A. Pelelin, F. A. Roig & Z. Rugolo de Agrasar 
(1978); Phillips, S. (1995); Renvoize, S. A. (1988); 
Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); Rosengurtt, B., B. R. 
Arrillaga de Maffci & P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); 
Small, J. K. (1933); Smith, L. B., D. C. Wasshausen 
& R. M. Klein (1981); Trinajstic, 1. & N. Jasprica 

(1998). 

SYN.: Agropyron geminatum (Spreng.) ^c\-\u\\..\Cyf^osurus 

tristachyos Lam., Eleusine indica var. brachystachya 
Trin.; Eleusine indica var. condensata Doll; Eleusine 
indica var. tristachya (Lam.) Fiori; Eleusine 
leucosperma Bernh. ex S\<:uA.\ Eleusine oligostachya 
Link; Eleusine tristachya (Lain.) Kunth; Eleusine 
tristachya fo. latifolia Hack.; Eleusine tristachyos 
(Lam.) Lam.; Triticum geminatum Spreng. 

Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 92. 

1829. Basionym: Cynosurus tristachyos L^xn, 

NOTE: isonym. 

CORRECT NAME: Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Lam, 

= Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Lam. 

Eleusine tristachya fo. latifolia Hack., Bull. Herb. Boissier, 

ser. 2, 4(3): 280. 1904. T-Protol.: Paraguay: in campis 
in regione cursus superioris fluminis Apa, Feb, 

Hassler8455, 
= Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Lam. 

Eleusine tristachyos (Lam.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 203. 1791. 

Basionym: Cynosurus tristachyos Lam. 
NOTE: orth. var. 
= Eleusine tristachya (Lam.) Lam. 

Eleusine unioloides Willd. ex Steud., Nomcncl. Bot. (cd. 2) 

1:549. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. invai., as syn. of Leptochloa virgata Pers. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L ) P. Beauv. 

Eleusine virgata (L.) Pers., Syn. PI. I: 87. 1805. Basionym: 

Cynosurus virgatus L. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L,) P. Beauv. 



EleUSininae subtrib. Dumort., Anal. Fam. PI. 63. 1829. 

TYPE: Eleusine Gaertn. 
NOTE: as "Eleusineae". 
TRTD. BY: Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. 

Judziewicz, P. M. Peterson, and F. O. Zuloaga. 
NliT: Cynodonteae. 



78 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



EnneapOgOn Desv. ex p. Bcauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 81, 

161 . 1812. TYPE: Einicapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. ex 
Dcsv.; LT designated by Ililclicock, U.S. Dcpt. Agric. 
Bull. 772:83(1920). 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NUT: Pappophoreae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.; 2. 

CNST.Tn. LIT.: Rcnvoize, S. A. , (1968); Kakiididi, E. K. 

Z., M. Lazarides & J. A. Carnahan, (1988). 

SYN.: Cululhcria Steud. 

Enucapogon brachystachyus (Jaub. & Spaeh) Stapf. Fl. Cap. 

7: 654. 1900. Basionym: Pappophonim 
brachystachyuiu Jaub. & Spaeh. 
= Enncapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 

Enncapogon desvauxii P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 82, 161, t. 

16, f. 11. 1812. T-Protol.: Manilla [error for Mcndoza, 
Argentina], type not designated. T-Specim.: I of \.P. 
Beauv., Ess. Agrost. t. 16. f. 11 (1812) [LT], LT 
designated (as type) by Ali Chavidahr^', Grass. Saudi 
Arabia 221 (1989). 
NOTE: validly pLibiislied here because an illustration with 

analysis is included by P. Beauv. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Chil, Mexi, Peru, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonjmous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); Corrcll, 



MA)], see Burbidge. Proc, Linn. Soc. London 57 
(1940-41). 

NOTE: honi, illeg.; also in Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 98 

[reprint] 1831-1833. 
= Enncapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 

Enneapogon lophofrichus Chiov. ex Chiarugi, Wcbbia 8: 

119. 1951. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Fortino de Dandc, 1 
Aug, Chiovenda? 860 [ST], 2 of 3. Fortino di Dande, 1 
Aug, Chiovenda? 898 [ST], 3 of 3. Elolo, 6 Aug,7 7J 
[ST]. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

REPLACED NAME: Pappophorum hrachystadiyiun Jaub. 

& Spaeh. 
= Enncapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 

Enncapogon mollis Lchm., Nov. Stirp. Pug. 3: 40. 18ji. T- 

Prolol.: Ecuador: Habitat in Promontorio Ronar Spci, 
in terrae tractu, qui vocalur Beaufort (v. s.). T- 
Speclni.: 1 oTI. South Muz^^Ecklon s.n [T]. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

SYN.: Pappophorum niollc (Lehm.) Kunth. 

Enncapogon phlcioidcs Rocm. & Schull., Syst. Veg. 2: 616. 

1817. T-Protol.: Amcr. Mcridion[T: Herb. Zcac]. 
-Enneapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 



D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. H. Enneapogon wrighfii (S. Watson) C.E. Hubb., Hooker's Icon 



Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); 
Gibbs Russell, G, E, W. G. Welman, E. Rcitief, K. L. 
Iniinclman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. van 
Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Gould, F. 
W. & R. Moran (1981), Hickman, J. C. (1993); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Marticorena, C. & M. 
Quczada (1985); McVaugh, R. (1983); Munz, P, A. 
& D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); Phillips, 
S. (1995); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); Shrcvc, P. & I L. 



PI. 34t: 3337. 1937. B^slonym: Pappophorum wrighfii 
S. Watson. 
NOTE: in adnot. 

= Enneapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 

Enneapogon wrightii (S. Watson) Roshcv., Zlaki SSSR 418. 

1937. Basionym: Pappophorum m-ighfii S. Watson. 
= Enncapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 



Wiggins (1964); Tovar, O. (1986); Tovar, O. (1993); EoteropOgOn Nccs, Intr. Nat. Syst. Bot. 448. 1836 



Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 
Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella 
(1994). 

SYN.: Czerniaevia rupestris Turcz. ex Kom.; Enneapogon 

brachystachyus (Jaub. & Spaeh) S\.\x\i{, Enneapogon 
desvauxii P. Bcauv. ex Desv.; Enncapogon 
lophofrichus Chiov. ex Cliiarugi; Enneapogon 
phleioides Rocm. & Schult,; Enncapogon wrighfii (S. 
Watson) C.E. tlubb.; Enncapogon wrighfii (S. 
W'atson) Roshcv.; Pappophonim boreale C.C. Gmel. 
ex B. Fedtsch.; Pappophorum boreale Griseb,; 
Pappophorum brachysfachyum Jaub. & Spaeh; 
Pappophorum brachysfachyum Jaub. & Spaeh; 
Pappophorum fasciculatwn Chiov.; Pappophorum 
ftgnrianum Fig. & De 



Not.; Pappophorum 
Durand 



jamunanum Coss. & T. Durand & Boiss.; 
Pappophorum mexicanum Griscb. ex E. Fourn.; 
Pappophorum mexicanum Griseb. ex Hemsl.; 
Pappophorum nanum Steud.; Pappophorum 
pblcoides Turcz.; Pappophorum pusillum (Rendlc) 
K. Schum.; Pappophorum xinccntianum J.A. 
Schmidt; Pappophorum wrighfii S. Watson; 
Raspailia rupestris Turcz. ex Kom. 

Enneapogon desvauxii P. Bcauv. ex Desv., Mem. Soc. Agric. 

Angers 1: 202. 1831. T-Protok: Argentina: Mcndoza, 
Nee s.n, T-Spccim.: I of 1. Manilla [error for 
Argentina: Mcjidoza, Nee [HT: MA; IT: BM (ex 



TYPE: Enferopogon me!icoides{\\oX\\QY) Nccs. 
TRTD, BY: Peterson, P.M. 
NHT: Cynodonteae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 4. 
SYN.: Macrostachya A. Rich. 

Enteropogoii brandcgci (Vasey) Clayton. Kew Bull. 37: 

419. 1982. Basionym: Diplachnc brandegei Vascy. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Clayton, W. D. (1982); Lspcjo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000). 
SYN.: Chluris brandegei (Vasey) Svvallen; Diplachne 

brandegei Vascy; Gouinia brandegei (Vasey) 
Hitchc.; Leptochloa brandegei (Vasey) Hitchc. 

Enteropogon chloritlcus (J. Presl) Clajton, Kew Bull. 37: 

419. 1982. Basionym: Dinebra chloridea J. Presl. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Clayton, W, D. (1982); Davidsc, G., 

M, Sousa S. & A. 0. Chatcr (cditorcs gencrales) 

(1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdes-Reyna (2000); Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidsc 

(1994). 

SYN,: Chloris chloridea (J. Presl) Hitchc; Chloris 

ckuidestina Scribn. & Merr.; Chloris longifolia (E. 
Fourn.) Vasey; Dinebra chloridea J. Presl, Eufriana 
chloridea (J. Presl) Kuntli; Gymnopogon longifolius 
E. Fourn., Gymnopogon virletii E. Fourn, 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



79 



Enteropogon fasciciilatiis Clayton & Renvoize, Kew Bull., 

Addil. Ser. 13:239. 1986. 
NOTE: nom. inval., williout description and without 

basionym rLTcrciice. 
= Saugctia fasciculata Hitchc. & Chase. 

Entoropogon mollis (Nees) Clayton, Kew Bull. 37: 419. 

19S2. Basionym: Gymnopogon mollis Nccs. 
DST.: Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, Guat, Hond, Nica, 

Peru, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 

Catasus Guerra, L. (1997); Clayton, W. D. (1982); 

Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores 

gencrales) (1994); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez 

(eds.) (1999); Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse (1994); 

Renvoize, S. A. (1984); Tovar, 6. (1993). 
SYN.: Chloris angustijlora F. Arcsch., Chlorls leptantha 

Hitchc. ex Urb.; Chloris luetzelburgii I lilchc; 

Chloris mollis (Nees) Swallen; Chloris rupestris 

mollis 



(Ridl.) Hitchc; Gymnopogon 
Gymrtopogon rupestre Ridl. 



Nees; 



Enteropogon pricurii (Kunth) Clayton, Kew Bull. 37: 419. 

1982> Basionym: Chloris pricuriiKunlh. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Clayton, W. D. (1982); Gibbs 

Russell, G. E, W. G. Welman, E. Reitief, K. L. 
Immeiman, G. Gcrmishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. van 
Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987), Piiiilips, S. 

(1995). 
SYN.: Chloris cryptosiachya Stcud. ex J.A. Schmidt; 

Chloris prieurii Kunth; Chloris punctulata Ilochst. 
ex Stcud.; Chloris subtriflora Steud. 

Epicampes J. Presl, Rcliq. ILicnk, 1(4-5): 235. 1830. TYPE: 

Epicampes stricta J. PresL 
= Muhlcnbergia Schreb. 



Franq."]. 5 of 5. Mexico: pr. Tacubaya, ]\}X\,Schaffner 
J/i[ST:"herb. Franq."]. 
= Miihlenbcrgia robusta (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes bourgaei E. Fourn. ex Hcmsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., 

Bot 3: 548. 1885. 
NOTE: nom, nud. 
= Muhlcnbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Slcud. 

Epicampes bourgeaei E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 88. 1886. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: Escamela pr. Orizaba, Aug, Bourgeau 
2973. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Veracruz: Escamala: 
Refrou D'Orizaba, 26 Aug \U(y, EBourgeau 2973 
[IT: US-A0865984 (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: as Epicampes "bourgaei". 

= Muhlcnbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Steud. 

Epicampes bourgeaei (E. Fourn.) M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 

14: 7. 1912. Basionym: Muhlcnbergia bourgeaei E. 
Fourn. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E. NAME: Epicampes bourgeaei (E. Fourn.) M.E. Jones. 
= Muhlcnbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Stcud. 

Epicampes bourgeaei E. Fourn. var. bourgeaei. 
= Muhlcnbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Stetid. 

Epicampes bourgeaei var. grandis (Vasey) M.E. Jones, 

Contr. W. Bot. 14: 7. 1912. Basionym: A/w/z/ewfter^/a 

grandis Vasey. 
= Muhlcnbergia grandis Vasey. 

Epicampes bourgeaei \'d.x.muiica E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 88. 

1886. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Mexico: Mirador, Oct-Nov, 
Liebmann 676 [ST: 1ST: MO- 18378 18, MO- 1837819]. 
2 of 3. Mexico: Mirador, Oct-Nov, Liebmann 678 
[ST]. 3 of 3. Mexico: Tlaltengo, Oct, Liebmann 677 
[ST:IST:M0-1837820]. 

CORRECT NAME: Epicampes bourgeaei E. Fourn. 

^ Muhlcnbergia gigantca (E. Fourn) Hitchc. 



Epicampes anomataScnbn.cxBcdlGrsss.N.Am^v. 2: 3\\. Epicampes buchingeri E. Fourn. ex Ilcmsl., BioL Cent.- 

1896. T-Protol.: Mexico: Chihuahua, 11 Oct 1887, 
Pringle 1423, T-Specim.: 1 of I. Mexico: Chihuahua: 
Arroyo Aucho, Sierra Madrc, 11 Oct 1887, CG. 
Pringle 1423 [HT: MSC; IT: US-746682, US-155141, 

US-822729]. 
= Muhlcnbergia longiligula Hitchc. 

Epicampes argentea (Vasey) M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 14: 

7, !912. Basionym: Kfuhlenhergia argentea Vasey. 
= Muhlcnbergia argentea Vasey. 

Epicampes arundiuacea (Griseb.) Hack, ex Stuck., Anales 

Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 11: 107. 1904. Basionym: 

Diachyrium arundinaceum Griseb. 
NOTE: basionym erroneously attributed to Trin. 
^ Sporobolus rigcns (Trin.) Dcsv. 

Epicampes bcrlandieri E. Fourn. ex Hcmsl., Biol. Cent.- 
Amer., Bot. 3: 548. 1885. T-ProtoL: Mexico, B^r/. 

670. 
NOTE: nom. nud, 
= Muhlcnbergia robusta (E. Fourn.) Ilitclic. 

Epicampes berlandieri E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 89. 1886. T- 

Specini.: 1 of 5. Mexico, 1839, ^.i. Berlandier 670 
[ST: US-11270I3J. 2 of 5. Mexico: Orizaba, F. Miill. 
2130 [ST: P]. 3 of 5. Mexico* Ori/.aba, Bo//. 102 [ST: 
P]. 4 of 5. Mexico: Ot\z;^h'd, Schaffner 169 [ST: "herb. 



Amcr., Bot. 3: 548. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Epicampes buchingeri E. Fourn. 

Epicampes buchingeri^, Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 88. 1886. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: Orizaba, Thomas s.n, [HT: Herb. 
Buchinger]. (Type not found by Chase & Nilcs, Index 

Grass Sp.)- 
NOTE: Apparently an nnmm\ Muhlcnbergia, 
SYN.: Epicampes buchingeri E. Fourn. ex HemsL 
= Status not yet determined. 

Epicampes clomena M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 14: 7. 1912. 
NOTE: nom. illcg.; based on Muhlenbergia clomema 

Kunth, a supcrfl. name for .U. peruviana (P. Beauv.) 

Stcud. 
= Muhlcnbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Stcud. 

Epicampes coerulea Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. 

Gottingcn 19: 256. 1874. T-ProtoL: Argentina: 
Tucuman, ad vias pr. Anfaina, S. dc Aconquija in M. 
Cuesla de Juntas. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. Argentina: 
Tucuman, iorenrz 55 [ST: 1ST: US]. 2 of 2. Tucuman, 
IoreA7/zS6[ST:lST:US]. 
= Muhlcnbergia angustaJa (J. Presl) Kunlli. 

Epicampes coerulea \aT, submufica Hack, ex Stuck., Anales 

Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 13: 471. 1906. T-Protol.: 



80 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Argentina: Tucuman: Cuesta de Malamala, Dcp. Tafi, Epicampes kimthiana Gri^cb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. 
SWcker! herb. Arg. 14900 ex Lillo 3402. 



= Mulilciibcrgia angustata (J. PresI) Kunth. 
Epicampes crassicuhnis Piper, Proc. Biol, Soc. Wash. 18: 

144 1005, T-Prolol.: Mexico: Sonera: in alkalai soil at 

Alamos, mouth of Yaqui River, Apr 1890,£ Palmer 
414 [HT: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Sonera, Apr 
IS90, £ Palmer 41 4 [UJ: US-81870]. 
= Sporoboius wrightii Muiiro ex Scribn. 

Epicampes distichopJiylla Vascy, Descr. Cat. Grass. U.S. 45. 

1885. 
NOTC: nom. nud., cites "Muhlenbergia, Munro" which may 

be M. distichophylla (Prcsl) Kuiith, but misapl, by 

Vasey. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia cmcrsleyi Vascy. 

Epicampes distichophylla var. mutica Scribn., Grass. N. 

Amer. 2: 308. 1896. T-Protoi.: USA: Arizona, 7b//mcy 
740, [Mexican specimens cited do not agree with the 
type] Accd. to Chase & Niles. 
= Mulileiibcrgia longili^ula Hitchc. 

Epicampes ehrenbergii Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Rc^ni Vcg. 

17: 212. 1921. T-Prolol.: Mexico: Cuesta dc Pinoico, 
Ehrenberg [1156J. T-Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: Cuesta 
de Pinoico, C Ehrenberg 1156 [IT: US-A0865980 

(fragm.)]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia gigantca (E. Fourn.) Hitchc, 

Epicampes emersleyi (V^scy) Hitchc, U.S.D.A, Bull. (1915- 

23) 772: 144-145. 1920. Basionym: Muhlenhergia 
emersleyi Vasey. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia emersleyi Vasey, 

Epicampes expansa E. Fourn. ex Ilcmsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., 

Bot. 3:548. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia gigantca (F, Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes expansa E. Foiirn., Mexic. Ft, 2: 88. 1886. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: Orizaba, Bott. 104 part [HT: P]. T- 
Specim.: ! of I. Mexico: Ori/aba, Botteri iSc 
Sumichrast 104 [IT; US-865979 (fragm.)]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia gigantea (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes gigantea E. Fourn. ex Hems!., Biol. Cent. -Amer., 

Bot. 3:548. 1885. 
NOTE; nom, nud. 
= Mulik'iibergia gigantca (E. Fourn ) Hitchc. 

Epicampes gigantea E. Fourn., Mexic. Pi. 2: 88, 1886. T- 

Prolol.: Mexico: Rio Blanco pr. Orizaba, Sep, 

Bourgeau 3137, T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Orizaba: 

Rio Blanco, 30 Sep \Hiie, E.Bourgeau 3137 [HT: P; 

IT: US-865978 (tragnr), US-865977 (fragm.)]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia gigantca (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes gracilis Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci, Saint- 

Pctersbourg, Scr. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 
6,4(3-4): 271. 1841. T-Protol.: Mexico [part now USA, 
Texas]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. [USA]: Texas oriental, Dec 
1870, s.c. s.n. [HT: LE-TRIN-1556.01]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia lindhcimcri Hitchc. 

Epicampes gratidis (Vasey) Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 309. 

1896. Basionym: Muhlcnbcrgia grandis Vasey. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia grandis Vascy, 



Gottingcn 19:256. 1874. 
NOTE: nom. nov.. Based on Cinna stricta Kunth, this based 

on "Crypsis stricta Humb. & Kunth". 
REPLACED NAME: Cjypsis stricta Kunth. 
BLOCKING NAME: Epicampes stricta J. Prcsl. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia angustata (J. PresI) Kunth. 

Epicampes lanata (Kunlh) J. PresI ex Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 

209. 1833. Basionym: Agrostis kwata Kunlh. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia pubesccns (Kunth) Hitchc. 

Epicampes laxiuscula E. Fourn, ex Ilcmsl., Biol. Ccnt- 

Amer,, Bot. 3:549. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia gigantca (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes laxiuscula E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 88, 1886. T- 

Specim.: I of 2. Mexico: Orizaba, ^o//cn 155 [ST: P; 
1ST: US-865975 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Mexico: Orizaba, 
Weber s.n. [ST: hb. Buchingcr]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia gigantca (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes leptoura Piper, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 18: 143. 

1905. T-Protol: Mexico: Chihuahua: near Colonia 
Garcia, in the Sierra Madre Mts., 7000 ft, 21 Sep 1899, 
C.K Towmend & CM Barber 341 [HT. US]. T- 
Specim,: 1 of 1. Mexico: Chihuahua: collected in the 
Sierra Madres near Colonia Garcia, 2134m, 21 Sep 

1899,C.//.7: TownscnJ& CM. Barber 341 [HT: US- 
347144; IT: MO-1837827, US-347144, US-998992]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia rigens (Benth.) Hitchc, 

Epicampes Uguiata Scribn. ex Vasey, Conlr. U.S. Nail. Herb. 

3(1): 58. 1892. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: Arizona, 23 
Jul 1892, J.W, Tourney s.n. [SF: US-A865974 
(fragm.)]. 2 of 2. USA: Arizona, 26 Jul 1884, CC. 
Pringle s.n. [LT: US-746686; ILT: F, GH, US-87018], 
LT designated by Hitchcock, Amer. J. Bot. 21: 136 
(1934). 
- Muhlcnbcrgia longiligula Hitchc. 

Epicampes macrotis Piper, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 18: 144. 

1905. T-Protol.: Mexico: Zacatecas: Sierra Madre 

Mis., 7 Aug 1897, J,N, Rose 3528 [HT: US]. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Zacatecas: Sierra Madre 

Montains, ca. 40 km W of San Juan Capistrano, 7 Aug 

1897, J.A^. Rose 3528 [UT: US-302505]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia robusta (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes macroura (Kunth) Benlh., J. Linn. Soc, But. 19: 

87. 188L Basionym: Crypsis macroura Kunth. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia macroura (Kunth) Hitchc. 

Epicampes mexicana (Scribn.) ME. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 

14: 7. 1912. Basionym: Bealia mexicana Scribn. 
= Bealia mexicana Scribn. ex Beal. 

Epicampes minutiflora Mcz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 

17: 212. 192L T-Prolol.: Mexico: Michoacan bei EI 
Canizal, Langlasse 750. T-Specim,: 1 of I. Mexico: 
Michoacdn: near EI Canizal, 15 Jan 1S99, E. 
Langlasse 750 [IT: US-386I60]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia robusta (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes mutica Rupr., Bull. Acad, Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 

9(2): 230. 1842. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia mutica (Rupr. ex E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 



J 

Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



81 



Epicampca muticaRup:. ex E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 87. 1886. Epicampes sthcta var. muiica (Scribn.) M.E. Jones, Coiitr. 



T-Spccim.: 1 of 4. Mexico: sccus sylvulas in practis 
calidis Mirador, Zacuapan, Cantaranas, 1000-3500", 
Galcotii 5797 [IT: P], LT designated by Soderstrom, 
Contn U.S. Natl. Herb. 34: 141 (1967). 2 of 4. 
Mexico: Orizaba, Bott. 104 in part [ST]. 3 of 4. 
Mexico: Orizaba, Bott. Ill [ST: herb. Coss. & Franq.]. 
4 of 4. Mexico: Orizaba, Thomas [ST: herb, 
Biichinger]. 

NOTE: cites "E. mutica Rupr." nom. nud. 

= Muhlenbergia mutica (Riipr, ex E. Fourn.) Ilitchc. 

Epicampes phleoides (Kunth) Griscb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. 

Wiss. GoUingen 19: 256. 1874. Basionym: Cr^^pj/^ 

phleoides KunUi. 
- Muhlenbergia arigustata (J. Presl) Kunth. 

Epicampes piibe sec ns (Kunth) J. Presl ex Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 

209. 1833. \^i\'^\or\ym\ Agrostis pubesccnsY^wnih. 
= Muhlenbergia pubcsccns (Kunth) Ilitchc. 

Epicampes pubescens (Kunth) M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 

14: 7. 1912. Basionym: Agrostis pubescensY.\xx\{\\. 
= iMuhlenbergia pubescens (Kunth) Hitchc. 



W. Bot. 14: 6. 1912, Basionym: Epicampes 
distichophylla var. mutica Scribn. 
= Muhlenbergia longiligula I litchc. 

Epicampes subpatens Hitchc, U.S.D.A. Bull (1915-23) 772: 

144. 1920. T-Protol.: USA: New Mexico: collected 
near Queen, in a rocky ravine, Guadclupe Mountains, 
7000 n, 5 Sep 1915, Hitchcock 13541 [IIT: US- 
905799]. T-Spcchii.: 1 of 1. USA: New Mexico: 
Ranger Station, Queen, Guadeloupe Mountauis, 3 Sep 
1915-6 Sep \9\$,A,S. Hitchcock 13341 [Amcr. Gr. 
Herb, 1382] [HT: US-905799; IT: LE, US-32 15629, 
US-3278409]. 
= Muhlenbergia cmcrslcyi Vasey. 

Epicampes virlctii E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 88. 1886. T- 

ProtoL: Mexico; San Luis dc Potosi, Virlet d'Aoust 
1415. T-Spccim.: ! of 1. Mexico: San Luis de Potosi, 
Virlet d'aoust 1415 [IIT: P; IT: US-73225]- 
= Muhlenbergia virlctii (E. Fourn.) Soderstr. 

Eragrostideae trib. Stapf, Fl. Cap. 7: 316. 1898. TYPE: 

Eragrostis Wolf. 



Epicampes rigens^m[\\.,i. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 88. 1881. T- Eragrostidinae subtrib. J. i^resl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 273. 



Protol.: USA: California, H.N. Bolander 6124. T- 
Specim.: I of 1. USA: California: Sonoma, 1860-1867, 
H.N. Bolander 6124 [IT: US-323974, US-323975]. 

NOTE: cites Cinna macroura Thurb., as misaplication ofC. 

macroura (Kunth) Kunth. 

= Muhlenbergia rigcns(Bcnth.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes rigens (Trin.) Phil., Anales Mus. Nac. Santiago de 

Chile 8: 82. 1891. Basionym: Vilfa rigemJxm. 
NOTE: hom. illeg^ 
E. NAME: Epicampes rigens Benth. 
= Sporobolus rigens (Trin.) Desv. 

Epicampes robusta E. Fourn. ex Hemsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., 

Bot. 3:550. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Muhlenbergia robusta (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes robusta E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 89. 1886. T- 

Specim ; I of 3. Mexico: Distrito Federal: Santa Fe, 2 
Oct IS?, A/. Bourgeau 1153 [LT: P; ILT: US-999036, 
US-999031 (fragm.), US-90734 (fragm.)], LT 
designated by Hitchcock, N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 462 
(1935). 2 of 3. Mexico: supra Tacubaya, E.Boi/r^ea?^ 
683 [ST: P; 1ST: US-999030 (fragm.)]. 3 of 3. Mexico: 

Cuernavaca, Hahn 420 [ST: PJ. 
= Muhlenbergia robusta (E Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes speciosa (Vasey) M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 14: 

7. 1912. Basionym: Muhlenbergia speciosa V^szy. 

= Muhlenbergia speciosa Vasey. 

Epicampes sthcta J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 235, t. 39. 

1830. T-Protol.: Mexico: Hab. in Mt\\co, Haenke s.n. 

T-Specim.: 1 of L Mexico, T. Haenkc [IIT: PR, IT: 

LE-TRIN-1558.01 (fragm. & fig.), US-865970 

(fragm.)]. 
NOTE: as Epicampes "strictiis'\ 
= Muhlenbergia robusta (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Epicampes stricta var. distichophylla (J. Presl) M.E. Jones, 

Cuntr. W. Bot. 14: 6. 1912. Y^ds'iowy m. Podosemum 
distichophyllum J. Presl. 
= Muhlenbergia distichophylla (J. Presl) Kunth. 



1830. TYPE: Eragrostis Wolf 
NOTE: as "Eragrostideae". 



Eragrostis Wolf, Oen. pi. 23. 1776. IW^-. Eragrostis 

minor Host; LT designated by Ross, Acta Bot. Neerl. 
15: 157(1966). 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M., and S. C. Boechat. 

NHT: Cynodontcae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 110 SUBSP.: 25. 

CNSLTD LIT.: Harvey, L. II., (1948), Nicora, E. G., 

(1998); Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Lonuhi-Wagner, 
(2000); Van den Borre, A. & L. Watson, (1994). 

SYN.: Acamptoclados Nash; Boriskellera Terechov; 

Diandrochloa De Winter, Erochloe Raf ; Erosion 
LuncII; Exagrostis Stcud.; Macroblepharus Phil.; 
Neeragrostis Bush; Poa UNRANKED Psilantha K. 
Koch; Psilantha (K. Koch) Tzvclev; Roshc\itzia 
Tzvelcv; Stiburus Stapf; Thelhmgia Stapf; Triphlebia 
Stapf; Vilfagrostis Doll. 

Eragrostis abessinica {l^c(\.)L\nV. llort. Bcrol. 1: 192. 1827. 

Basion> ni: Poa abyssinica Jacq. 

NOTE: orth. var. "abyssinica". 

CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis abyssinica (Jacq) Link. 

= Eragrostis tcf (Zucc ) Trotter. 

Eragrostis abyssinica (J:icq.) Link, Hort. BcroL 1; 192. 1827. 

Basionym: Poa abyssinica Jacq. 

NOTE: as Eragrostis "abessinica". 
= Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter. 

Eragrostis acicularis Trin., Mem. Acad, Imp. Sci. St.- 

Pctcrsbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 406. 1830. T- 
Protol.: V. subsp. Brasilia, (in arenosis ad ripas fluv. 
Jacare Pr. Parana), Riedel s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of I. 
Brazil: in arenos. ad rip. fluv. Rio Jacare pr. Parauna, 
Dec 24, Riedel 1140 [HT: LE-TRlN-2299.01, IT: K, 
LE, P, SI, US-2891442, US-2765424 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis rufesccns var. rufescens. 

Eragrostis acuminata Dolk Fl. Bras. 2(3): 153. 1878. T- 

Protol. : Brazil: in prov. Piauliy, Gardner 2338 [IT: K], 
= Eragrostis niaypurensis (Kunth) Stcud. 



82 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Eragrosiis acuta Hitchc, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 41: 159. 

1928. T-Pfotol.: Collected at Piiiita Rassa. Florida, Jul 
1990, A.S. nuchcock 263 [HT: US-73I236]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Florida: Punta Rassa, Jul-Aug 
1900, A.S. Hitchcock 263 [I IT. US-731236; IT: US- 
1503824]. 
- Eragrostis cllioltii S. Watson. 

Eragrostis acutillora (Kunth) Nccs, Fl. Bras. Ciiuin. PI. 2: 

501-502. 1829. Basionym: Poa acutiJloraKunih. 

DST.: Beli, Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, FlSa, FrGu, 

Guat, Guya, I lond, Mexi, Nica, Pana, Suri, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D. E. 

Atha (2000); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Boediat, S. C. & 
IL M. Lonizlii- Wagner (2000); Brako, L. & J. L. 
Zarucchi (1993), Rreedlove, D. E. (5986), Cowan, C. 
P. (1983); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Soiisa 
S. &: A. 0. Cliater (editores gencrales) (1994); Doll, 
J. C. (1878), Espejo Scnia. A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, 
and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), Gould, F. W (1979); 



LVL ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. 

(1970); Doll, J. C. (1878); Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); 

Killeen, T. J. (1990); Longhi-Wagner, H. M. & I L 

Boldrini (1988); Nicora. E. G. (1998); Nicora, E. G., 

M. E. De Paula, A. M. Faggi, M. del C. Mariano, A. 

M. Miante A., L. R. ParodlY\ A. Pcletin, F. A. Roig 

& Z. Rugolo de Agrasar (1978); Renvoize, S. A. 

(1988); Renvoize, S. A, (1998), Rosengurtl, B., B. R. 

Arrillagade MalTci & P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); 

Smith, L. B., D. C. Wasshausen & R. M. Klein 

(1981). 
SYN.: Agrostictda brasiliensis (Raddi) Hcrter; Aira 

brasilicnsis Raddi, Airopsis millegrana Griseb.; 

Eragrostis airoides var. pluriflora Doll; Eragrostis 

brasiliensis (Raddi) Nees; Eragrostis triflora Ekman; 

Poa airoides (Nees) Kunth; Poa brasiliensis Raddi; 

Sporobohis brasiliensis (Rnddi) W^ck.] Sporobolus 

raniosissimus Kunth. 



Marvey, L. II. (1984); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Eragrostis airoides v?ix. pluriflora Y)o\lV\, Bx?iS.l{2^)\ 137. 



j0rgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yancz (cds.) (1999), 
Judzicwicz, E. J. (1990); Macbride, I F. (1936); 
McClurc, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina 
R., A. (1975); Nelson, C. (1978); Pohl, R. W. (1980); 
Rcnner, S. S., II. Balslev & L. B. Holm-Nielsen 
(1990); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Reyes-Garcia, A. & 
M. SousaS. (1997). 
S\TnJ.: Eragrostis acntijlora var. hnmilior J. PresI; 

Eragrostis Jlavescens J. PresI; Megastachya 
acntijlora (Kunlh) Roem. & ^c\\\}\t\Poa acutiflora 

Kunth. 

Eragrostis acutiflora var. humilior J. PresI, Reliq. Haenk. 

1(4-5): 277. 1830, T-Protok: Hab. in ?amn\'djlaenke 
s.n. 

= Eragrostis acutillora (Kunth) Nees. 

Eragrostis acutiglumis Parodi, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 

2(Bot. It): 7, f. 3. 1937. T-ProtoL: Argentina: 
Corrienles: Mercedes,/,./^. Parodi 6168. T-Spccim.: I 
of 1. Argentina: Corrienles: Mercedes, 5 Feb 1925, 
LR. Parodi 6I6S [HT: BAA; IT: L, US-1256543]. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Burkart, A. (1969); Nicora, E. G. 

(1998); Rosengurtt, R., B. K. Arrillaga de Maffci & 
P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970). 

Eragrostis affinis Sal/ni. ex Sleud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 277. 

1854. T-Prolok: Y^whvd, Salzmann s.n., cites: Salzm. 
(Ilrbr. Bahia sub: Poa). T-Specim.: 1 of I. Brazil: 
Bahia: in maritimis, 1838, T, Salzmann s.n. [HT: LE- 
TRrN-2572.01; IT: K, LE-TRlN-2572.02, MO, US- 
2767409, US-*M 1819, US-1614948]. 
NOTE: cites Eragrostis affinis Salzm., herb. Bahia sub: 

Poa, nom. nud. 
= Eragrostis rufcscens var. rufesccns. 

Eragrostis airoides Nees. Fl. Bras. Enum. PL 2: 509-510. 

1829. 
NOTE: nom. nov., Nees elected to rename /f;>a brasiliensis 

and recombine Poa brasiliensis, both Raddii names 
of 1823. 
REPLACED NAME: Aira brasiliensis Raddi. 



BLOCKING NAME; Eragrostis brasilicnsis (Raddi) Nees. 
DST,: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, P:ira, USA, Urug, Vene. 



1878. T-Protok: In Brasilia meridionali lecta. Sello s.n. 
= Eragrostis airoides Nees. 

Eragrostis alba J. Prcsl, Rcliq. Ilacnk. 1(4-5): 279. 1830. T- 

Protol: Monte-rey, CaWi^orniacJ laenke s.n., according 
to A.S.Hitchcock in Index of Grass Species probably 
collected in Peru, not California. T-Specim.: I of 1. 
Peru: no date, T, Haenke s.n. [HT: PR, IT: MO- 
2111118, US-2942409 (fragm. ex P)], US specimen a 
possible type. 
= Eragri»s(is mexicana (Horncni.) Link. 

Eragrostis amabilis (L.) Wight & Arn. ex Nees, Bot. 

Beechey Voy. 251. 1838. Basionym: Poa amabilis L. 
NOTE: in Hooker and ArnotL 

DST.: Bcli, Boli, Braz, Cari, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, FrGu, Guat, 

Guya, Hond, Mcxi, Nica, Pana, Para, Peru, Snri, 
USA, Vene. 

LVL ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J„ M. H. Ncc & D. E. 

Atha (2000), Boechat, S. C & H. M. Longhi-Wagner 
(2000); Brako, L. & L L. Zarucchi (1993); Correll, 
D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); Davidse, G. (1994); 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chaler (editores 
gencrales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); Hilclicock, A. S. 

(1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Jorgenscn, P. M. & S. Leon-Yi^ncz (eds.) 
(1999), Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); Lindeman, J. C & 
A. L. Stoffers (1963); McClure, F. A. (1955); Molina 
R., A. (1975); Radford. A. E., H. E. Allies & C R. 
Bell (1968); Renvoize, S. A. (1998), Small, J. K. 
(1933);Wunderlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Cynodon amabilis (L.) K:\s\y<\\\\ Eragrostis aniahiUs 

var. plumosa (Rctz.) E.G. Camus & A, Camus; 
Eragrostis ciliaris var. patens Chapm. ex Beal; 
Eragrostis plumosa (Retz.) Link; Eragrostis tenella 
(L.) P. Beauv- ex Roem. & SchuU., Eragrostis tenella 
\?ix. plumosa (Rctz.) Stapf, Erochloe amabilis Raf ex 
B.D. Jacks.; Megastachya amabilis (L.) P. Bcauv.; 
Poo amabilis L.; Poa plumosa Rctz.; Poa tenella L. 

Eragrostis amabilis \ar. plumosa (Retz.) E.G. Camus & A. 

Camus, Fl. Indo-Chine 7: 557. 1923. Basionym: Po^ 
plumosa Retz. 






Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



83 



= Fragrostis amahilis (L.) Wight & Arn. ex Nees. 



= Eriigrostis prigch Fedde. 
Eragrosiis amoena ]. Prcsl, Rcliq. Ilaenk. 1(4-5): 275. 1830. Eragrostis anmdata Chiov., Anniiario Reale 1st. Bot. Roma 



T-Protol.: Hab in Mexico, Ilaenke sm. T-Spccim.: 1 
of 1 . Mexico, no date. T Haenke sm. [HT: PR; IT: US- 
2850746 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis maypurcnsis (Kunlli) Steud. 

Eragrostis ancashensis P.M. Peterson, Refulio & Tovar, 

Sida 19(1): 66, f. 1. 2000. T-Prolol.: Peru: Dptm. 
Ancash: Prov. Recuay: Cordillera Blanca, ca. 20 km E 
of Raquia on Rt. 02-0 1 4, on rd to I luaraz, 
10"O8'55.8"S, 77"19'48.8"W, 3000 m, 20 Mar 1997, 
P.M. Peterson & N. RefuUo Rodriguez 13793 [USM; 
IT: K, MO, NY, RSA, TAES, UC, US, WIS]. T^ 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Peru: Dptm. Ancash: Prov. Recuay: 
Cordillera Blanca, ca. 20 km E of Raquia on Rl. 02- 
014, on road to Huaraz, I0^08'55.8"S, 77"19'48.8"W, 
3000 m, along roadside with shrubby Aslcraceae, 

Lupitius, Vicia. and Commclina, 20 Mar 1997, /'.A/. 

Peterson & N. Refulio Rodriguez 13793 [HT: USM; 

IT: K, MO-515640I, NY, RSA, TABS, UC, US, WIS]. 
DST.: Peru. 
LVL ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Peterson, P. M., N. Refulio R, & 0. 

Tovar (2000). 

Eragrostis aiidicola R.E. Fr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sck 

Upsal., ser. 4, 1(1): 180. 1905. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
Jujuy: Moreno in montibus saxosis apricis siccis, 26 
Nov, 15 Dec 1901, Fries 924a. 924. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. 
Argentina: Prov. Jujuy: Moreno in montibus saxosis 
apreicis siccis, 3500-3700 m, 26 Nov \9{\\, Fries 924a 
[ST: BAA-998, CORD]. 2 of 2. Prov. Jujuy: Moreno 
in monlibus saxosis apricis siccis, 15 Dec \9Q\. Fries 
924 [ST: BAA, CORD, US-2891444 (fragm.)]. 

DST.: Arge, 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Nicora, E. G. (1998). 

Eragrostis andicola Pilg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 377. 1906. T- 

ProtoL: Peru: Ancash: inter Samanco ct Caraz, infra 

Hacienda Cajabamba, in formatione aperta, praecipue 
gramina intermixtis fruticibus gerente, 3000-3500 m, 
May 1903, Weberbauer 3114 [HT: B]. T-Specim.: I of 
1. Peru: Ancash: Hacienda Cajabamba, entre Samanco 
y Caraz, 27 May 1903,^. Weberbauer 3114 [HT: B; 
IT: BAA-999 (fragm. ex B), US-2766205 (fragm )], 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis andicola R.E. Fr. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis pilgeri Fedde. 
= Eragrostis pilgcri Fedde. 

Eragrostis andicola fo. humilior Pilg., Bot. Jahrb. Sysl. 37: 

377. 1906. T-Protol.: Peru: Ancash: inter Samanco et 
Caraz, infra Hacienda Cajabamba. in formatione 
aperta- 3700 m. May 1903, Weberbauer 3036. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Peru: Ancash: Hacienda Cajabamba, 
entrc Caraz y Samanco, 3700m, Weberbauer 3036 [IT: 
MOL]. 
= Eragrostis pilgcri Fedde. 

Eragrostis andicola yd^x.robustlor Pilg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst, 37: 

377. 1906. T-Protol.: Peru: Ancahs: Cajatanibo: infra 
Ocros, in formatione aperta, fruticibus et plantis 
hcrhaceis mixta, 3000-3200 m, Weberbauer 2746. T- 
Specim.: 1 of I. Peru: Ancash: Cajatambo Prov., no 
date,/!. Weberbauer 2746 [HT: B; IT: US-2850747]. 



8: 63. 1903. T-Protol.: Erythreae. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. 
Samhar: Isola Seek Said, 3 Mar 1892, Terracciano & 
Pappi 2730 [ST]. 2 of 2. Mista con Erag, aspera Nees 
neil, isola Seek Said, 3 Mar 1892, Terracciano & 
Pappi 2732 [ST]. 
= Eragrostis cylindriflura Ilochst. 

Eragrostis apiculata Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 145. 1878. T- 

Protol.: Brasilia: Habitat ad Caldas prov. Minarum, 
Regncll III. 1411, T-Spccim.: 1 of I. Brazil: Minas 
Gerais, 25 Jun 1868, /J.F Regncll III 1411 [IT: US- 
911759, US^2891446 (fragm.)]. 
DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C, & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); Doll. J. C. (1878). 

Eragrostis argentina Jcd\sabn,, Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 193. 1924. 

T-ProtoL: Argentina: in Rio Colorado valle, ubi 
primum saxa granitica in lucem evadunt, ct Rio Negro, 
super insulam Choele-Choel, Lorentz <^ Niederlein s.n. 

T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Argentina: Rio Colorado vallc, ubi 
primum saxa granitica in lucem evadunt, Z,oacv7/z s.n. 
[ST: BAA-1001, CORD, Si, US-2850748 (fragm.)]. 2 
of 2. Argentina: Rio Negro, super insulum Choele- 
Choel, Niederlein s.n. [ST], 
- Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis arida Hitchc, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 23(10): 449. 

1933. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: Del Rio, 14 Sep 1915, 
AS. Hitchcock 13650 [HT: US-905937]. T-Specim.: 1 
of 1. USA: Texas: Val Verde Co.: Del Rio, 14 Sep 
19\5, A.S. Hitchcock 13650 [UJ: US'905937]. 
= Eragrostis pectinacea var. miserriina (E. Fourn.) 

Reader. 

Eragrostis articulata (Schrank) Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 

502-503. 1829. Basionym: Poa articulata Schr:\r\k. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allcm. A. C & J. F. M. Vails 

(1987); Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi-W\agner 

(2000); Fitguciras, T. S. (1991); Filgueiras, T. S. 

(1999); Foster, R. C (1958); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 

Killeen, T. J. (1990); Longhi-Wagner, H. M (1990); 

Nicora, E. G. (1998); Renvoize, S. A. (1984); 

Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Smith, L. B., D. C 

Wasshausen & R. M. Klein (1981). 
SYN.: Eragrostis articulata var. eglaudulosa Nicora; 

Eragrostis articulata var. glabrescens Henrard; 

Eragrostis articulata wdvpaucijlora Doll; Eragrostis 

brasiliertsis var. delta Nees; Eragrostis glareosa 
Trin.; Eragrostis neesii var. laxa Jedwabii.; 
Eragrostis pilosissima Link; Eragrostis xillosa 

Salzm. ex Steud., Poa articulata Schrank. 

Eragrostis articulata var. eglandulosa Nicora, Revista 

Argent Agron. 7(4): 272, 259, f 4C, 5B. 1940. T- 
Protol.: Paraguay: Guaira, Villarrica, P. Jorgensen 
3554 [HT: SI; IT: LP]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Paraguay: 
Guairi: Villa Rica: comun campo, /^. Jorgensen 3554 
[HT: BAA; IT: BA, LP, SI, US- 1 936682, US- 
1447249, US-! 5 17041], 
= Eragrostis articulata (Schrank) Nees. 



84 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Eragrostis articulata var. glahrescens Hcnrard, Meded. 

Rijks-Herb. 40: 69. I92I. T-Protol.: BoVwm. Herzog 
1309a. T-Spccini.: 1 of 1. Bolivia, no date, T Herzog 
1309A [IT: US'2767389, US-2850750]. 
= Erii^rostis articulata (Scliraiik) Nees. 

Eragrostis articulata \^x. pauciflora Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 142. Eragrostis bahicnsis Schrad. ex Scluill., Mant. 2: 318. 1824. 

1878. T-Prolol.: sin. loc, of 13 specimens of the 



Dec 1890, A.S. Hitchcock s.n. [HI: MO-47402; IT 
NY-70972, US-748406]. 

DST.: Carl. 

LVLACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Hitchcock, A. S. (1936). 



species cited none applying to the var. 
weredistinguishcd. 
= Eragrostis articulata (Schrank) Nccs. 

Eragrostis arundinacea Jedwabn., Bot, Arch. 5(3-4): 192. 

1924. T-Protol.: "Am. sept., Texas", a/?crt. sn. [\\X\ 
B]. 
= Tridcns flavus (L.) Hitchc. 

Eragrostis afherstonei Stapf, Fl Cap. 7: 607. 1900. T-ProtoL: 

Kalahari Region: Transvaal; near Lydenburg, 

At her stone s.n. 

= Eragrostis trichophora Coss. & Diirieu. 
Eragrostis atrovircns (Desf.) Trin. ex Steud.,NomcncI. Bot. 



(ed. 2) 1: 562. 1840. Basionyni: Poa atrovirensDcsf. 
DST.: Beli, Boli, Cari, Guat, Mexi, Nica, Peru, USA, Venc. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Anonymous (1986); Balick, M. J., 

M. 11. Ncc & D. E. Alha (2000); Bor, N. L. (1960); 

Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993), Breedlove, D. E. 

(1986); Catasiis Guerra, L. (1997); Cowan, C. P. 

(1983), Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. 

& A. O. Chater (editorcs gcnerales) (1994); Espejo 

Sema, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna 

(2000); Poster, R. C. (1958); Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. 

Wooten (1979); Koch, S. D. (1978); Nicora, E. G. 

(1998); Phillips, S. (1995); Tovar, 6. (1993); 

Wundcrlin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis biformis (Kunth) Benth.; Eragrostis 

bromoides Jedwabn.; Eragrostis chariis (SchulL) 

Hitchc; Eragrostis elcgantida (Kiinlh) Nees ex 

Steud.; Poa atrovirens Desf.; Poa biformis Kunth; 

Poa chariis Schult. 

Eragrostis attcniiala Hitchc, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 24(8): 

340. 1927. T-Protol.: Peru: Arequipa: collected on 
sandy slopes of hills about 3 km back of Mollcndo, 17 
November 1923, A.S. Hitchcock 22424 [HT: US- 
1164909]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Peru: Arequipa: on sandy 
slopes of hills ca. 3 km back of Mollcndo, 17 Nov 
1923, A.S. Hitchcock 22424 [HT: US-1 164909; IT: 
BAA-1007,US-1 164361], 
DST.: Chil. Peru. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Macbride, 

J. F. (1936); Marticorcna, C. & M. Quczada (1985); 
Nicora, E. G. (1994); Nicora, E. G. (1998); Tovar, O. 
(1993). 
S\T4.: Sporobohis scaber Phil. 

Eragrostis aturensis (Y.\x\\i\\) Trin. ex Stcud., Nomencl. Bot. 

(ed. 2) 1: 562. 1840. Basionym: Poa aturcnsis Kunth. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Eragrostis bahainensis Hitchc, Annual Rep. Missouri Bot. 

Card. 1893: 149, L 14. 1893. T-Protol. : Bahamas: 
Iiiagua, growing on rocky shore, winter 1890-1891, 
Hitchcock s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Bahamas: Inagua, 3 



T-Protol.: Brasilia. Princeps Serenniss. Maximilian 
Neowid. s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil, A/or /m ///aw 
Neowidensis [HT: LE]. 

DST.: Arge, Bull, Braz, Colo, Ecua, FrGu, Guat, Ilond, 

Mcxi, Para, Peru, USA, Urug, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allcm, A. C & J. F. M. Vails 

(1987); Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. (1977); 

Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi-Wagner (2000); 

Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); Breedlove, D. E. 

(1986); Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. (1970); 

Cowan, C P. (1983); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, 

G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chaler (edilores generales) 

(1994); Doll, J. C (1878), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 

Lopcz-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), 

Filgueiras, T. S. (1999); Foster, R. C. (1958); 

Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten (1979); Hitchcock, 

A. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Jorgensen, P. 

M. & S. Le6n-Yanez (eds.) (1999), Killeen, T. J. 

(1990); Koch, S. D, (1978); Long, R. W. & O. Lakcla 

(1971); Longhi-Wagncr, H. M. (1990); McClure, F. 

A. (1955); Nicora, E. G. (1998); Renner, S. S., H. 

Balslev & L. B. Holm-Nielsen (1990); Rcnvoize, S. 

A. (1984); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1988); Rcnvoize, S. A. 
(1998), Rosengurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga dc Maffei & 
P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); Small, J. K. (1933); 
Smith, L. B., D. C Wasshausen & R. M. Klein 
(1981);WunderIin. R. P. (1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis bahicnsis fo. riparia Burkart; Eragrostis 

bahicnsis var. bahicnsis\ Eragrostis bahicnsis var. 
contracta Doll; Eragrostis bahicnsis var. laxiuscula 



Doll; 



Eragrostis blepharophylla Jedwabn.; 



Eragrostis elatlor Stapf; Eragrostis expansa Link; 
Eragrostis firma Trin,; Eragrostis macra Jedwabn.; 
Eragrostis microstachya (Lhik) Link; Eragrostis 
pilosa var. bahicnsis (Schrad ex Schult ) Ktintze; 
Eragrostis psammades Trin.; Eragrostis psammodes 

var. microstachya (Link) Doll; Poa expansa (Link) 

Kunth; Poa microstachya Link; Poa psammodes 
(Trin.) Kunth. 

Eragrostis bahicnsis Schrad. ex Schult. \ ar. bahicnsis. 
= Eragrostis bahicnsis Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis bahicnsis \dx.boliviensis Henrard, Meded. Rijks- 
Herb. 40: 68. 1921. T-Prolol.: Bolivien; Prov. 
Larecaja, in viciniis Sorata. colle UUontiji, undique, In 
aridis, 2900 m,Feb 1858, Mandon 1332 [HT: L- 

908,88-303; IT: L-908,88-342]. T-Spccini.: t of L 
Bolivia: La Paz: Larecnja: Sorata, 2900 m, Feb 1858, 
G. Mandon 1332 [HT: L-908,8S-303; IT: K, L-908,88- 

342, P, US-3 16 1 1 27, US-256470, US-9 1 1 775 
(fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis lurida J. Prcsl. 

Eragrostis bahicnsis \aT. contracta Doll. Fl. Bras. 2(3): 151. 

1878. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Brazil: Rio de Janeiro, 
Weddell 175 [LT: B], LT designated by Scholz, 
Willdenowia 22: 268 (1992). 2 of 3. , Aug 1874,A 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



85 



Glaziou 6952 [ST; K]. 3 of 3. : Mar 1872,/*. Glaziou 
492 [ST: K]. 
= Eragrostis bahiensis Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis bahiensis \ar.laxiuscula Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 151. 

1878. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brasilia meridional is, R 
SelloM' s.n. [LT: B], LT designated by Scholz, 
WiIldcnowia22:268(1992). 
= Eragrostis bahiensis Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis bahiensis fo. riparia Burkart, Fl. II. Entre Rios 

6(2): 189. 1969. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Argentina: Entre 
Rios: Concepcion del Uruguay, Isla Almiron Chico, 
Burkhart & Crespo 22874 [ST: BAA, SI]. 2 of 2. 
Argentina; Entre Rios: Orillas humedas, Burkhari 

22871 [ST: BAA, SI]. 
— Eragrostis baliiensis Schrad. ex Schult, 

Eragrostis barbata Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- 

Pctcrsbourg, Scr. 6, Sci. Math., Scconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 
4,2(1): 76. 1836. T-Protol.; V. subsp. Brasilia, /f/c^itV 
s.n. T-Spccim.: I of 4. Brazil, Jun 1822, ^.c. s.n. [IT: 
LE]. 2 of 4. Brasilia, s.d.,Riedel s.n. [IT: K, LE]. 3 of 
4. Bahia, 1^31 Jiicdel [IIT; LE-TRlN-2309.01]. 4 of 

4. Brazil, no date, L Riedcl s.n. [IT: US-91 1782, US- 
2891449 (fragm.)]. 

= Steirachne barbata (Trin.) Rcnvoize. 

Eragrostis barbighitnis Jedwabn., Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 192. 

1924. T'Specitn,. 1 of 3. Brazil: Rio de Janeiro; loco 
non indicalo, /t.r.M Glaziou I56I5 [ST: B, 1ST: C, 
US-2S91450 (fragm.)]. 2 of 3. Brazil: Minas Gerais: 
ad Caldas, A.F, Regncll s.n. [ST: ?; 1ST: US- 
A0865985 (fragm.)]. 3 of 3. Argentina: Misiones: Rio 
Alto Parang 3 May 1883, W. Niedcrlcin s.n. [ST: ?; 
1ST: BAA-101 1 (fragm. ex B), US-A0865986 
(fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis scminuda Trin. 

Eragrostis barrelicri Daveau, J. Bot. (Morot) 8: 289. 1894. 

T-Protol.: Plantae per Galliam, Hispaniam et Italiam 
observatae. Tab. 44, f 2, type not indicated in the 
protologue. T-Specim,: 1 of 4. Egypt, Ascherson s.n. 

[ST: K]. 2 of 4. Algctld, Balansa 734 [ST; K]. 3 of 4. 
Italy: Sicily, herb. Todaro s.n. [ST: K]. 4 of 4. South 
Europe, Barrelicr [ST]. 

DST.; Arge, Braz, Cari, Ecua, Mexi, USA, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Adams, C. D. (1972); Anonymous 

(1986); Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi-Wagncr 
(2000), Boechat, S. C. & P. M. Peterson (1995); Bor, 
N. L. (1960); Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. 
(1970), Cope, T. A. (1992); Corrcll, D. S. & M. C. 
Johnston (1970); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), Gibbs Russell, 
G. E, W. G. Welman, E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman, G. 
Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 
Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Great Plains Flora 

Association (1986); Hickman, J. C. (1993) 
Plitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951) 
Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Ledn-Ydnez (eds.) (1999) 
Koch, S. D. (1978); Liogier, H. & L. Martorell 
(1982), Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. 
A. (1974); Nicora, E. G, (1998), Phillips, S. (1995); 
Rosengurtt, B,, B. R. Arrillaga de Malfci & P. 
Izaguirrc dc Artucio (1970); Wunderlin, R. P. (1998). 



SYN.: Eragrostis poaeoides var. barreUeri (Daveau) Fiori; 

Eragrostis vulgaris subsp. barreUeri (Daveau) 
R.C.V. Douin. 

Eragrostis bcrtcroniana (Schult.) Sleud., NomencL BoL 

(ed. 2) I: 562. 1840- Basionym: Megastachya 
berteroniana Schult. 
DST.: Cari. 

LVL. ACCPTC: i. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Catasiis Guerra, L. (1997), Catasus 

Guerra, L. J. (1980); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936), 
SYN.: Megastachya berteroniana Schult.; Poa berteroniana 

(Schult.) Kunth. 

Eragrostis heyrichii J.G. Sm., Annual Rep, Missouri Bot. 

Gard. 6: 117, t. 56. 1895. T-Protol : USA: Arkansas: 
1834, Beyrichs.n. [HT: MO-Bernhardi Herb.]. 
= Eragrostis sccunJiflora J. Presl. 

Eragrostis biformis (Kunth) Benth., Niger Fl. 568, IS49. 

Basionym: Poa biformis Kunth. 
= Eragrostis atrovirens(Desf) Trin. ex Steud. 

Eragrostis bleeseri Pilg., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Bcrlin-Dahlcm 

10(91): 112. 1927. T-Protol.: Nord-Australien: Port 
Darwin, offncr Wald, May 1926, F.A.K. Bleeser 659. 
= Eragrostis cumingii Steud. 

Eragrostis blepharophylla Jedwabn., Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 197. 

1924. T-Protol.: Brasilia: loco non indicate, &//o)v 
3688. T-Specim.: 1 of L BrazilF.Sello 3688 [IT: US- 
2891454 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis bahiensis Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis boliviensis Jcdwabn., Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 205. 

1824. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. Bolivia; ad Soratam prope 
San Pedro, G. Afandon 1330 [ST; BAA-101 4 (fragm. 
ex B), K, US-2767395 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Bolivia: ad 
Camataqui, Fiebrig 3266 [ST: B]. 
= Eragrostis pastoensis (Kunth) Trin. 

Eragrostis botterii E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 115. 1886. T- 

Specim.; 1 of 2. Mexico: Orizaba, Bo//. 107 [OM: ?]. 
2 of 2. Mexico: S. Lorenzo, Dec, Liebmann 530 [OM: 

P]- 
NOTE: nom. invak, as syn. of £. poaeoides Beauv. var. B. 

= Eragrostis soratcnsis Jedwabn. 
Eragrostis brachypodon Hack., Bot. Centralbl. 120: 548. 

1912. T-Protol.: Bolivia: La Vaz^Buchtien sm. 
= Eragrostis soratcnsis Jcdwabn. 

Eragrostis brasiliana Nces, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 510-51 L 

1 829. T-Protol.: Brazil, based on Poa brasiliensis 
Spreng. (1825), non. Raddi (1825). 
NOTE: nom. inval., not accepted by the author, who states 

in the "Addenda et emandanda" p. 510. Nro. 14. pro 
Eragrostis brasiliana lege £. elegans"\ Accd. to 
Chase & Nilcs, Index Grass Sp. equals E, elegans 
Nccs; not E. brasiliensis (Raddi) Nees, Fl. Bras. 
Enum. PL 2; 497, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 608, 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis elegans Nees. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Eragrostis brasiliensis (R^66\) Nees, Fl, Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 

497-499, 1829. Basionjm: Poa brasiliensis Raddi. 
= Eragrostis airoides Nees. 

Eragrostis brasiliensis \aT. delta Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 

497. 1829. 



86 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; 11. 



NOTE: nom. iinal. 

= Eragrostis articulata (Schrank) Nees. 

Eragrostis brevipcdiccUata A. Gray, Proc. Acad. Nal. Sci. 

Philadelphia 14: 336- 1862. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Eragrostis curtipcdiccllafa 

Buckley. 
= Eragrostis curtipediccllata Buckley, 

Eragrostis brizoidcsSchu\t, Mnnt. 2: 319. 1824. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa ienella Nutt. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa tenclla L. 
= Eragrostis pectiiiacea (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis bromoides Jedwabn., But. Arch. 5(3-4): 190. 

1924. T-Prutol.: Africa tropica, Sudan ccntr,, \\\ 
pahidibus flum. Bailli. Chevalier 8588 [MT: ?]. 
NOTE: honi. illeg, 

E. NAME: Eragrostis bromoides (Vahl) Stcud. 
= Eratzrostis atro\irciis(Desf.) Trin. ex Steud. 

Eragrostis buchtienil Hack., Report. Spec. Nov. Rcgni Veg. 

6: 157. 1908. T-Prolol.: Bolivia: Siid-Yungas, 
Simpa\'as bei Yanacachi, Dr. O. Buchticn 428 (in 
part). T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Bolivia, no date, (A Buchticn 
^25[HT:W;IT:lJS-77388]. 
= Eragrostis pastoeiisis (Kunlli) Trin. 

Eragrostis campestris Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp, Sci. Saint- 

Pclcrsbourg, Scr. 6, Sci. Math., Sccoiidc Pi. Sci. Nat. 



Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell (1968); 
Small, J, K. (1933); Voss, E. G. (1972). 
SYN.: Aira capillacea Lam.; Eragrostis capillaris (L.) 

SLcud.; Eragrostis pilosa var. capillaris (L.) Kunlze; 
Eragrostis tenuis Steud.; Poa capillaris L.; Poa 
tenuis Elliott. 

Eragrostis capillaris [L.) Stcud., Syn. PI Glumac. I: 273. 

1854. Basionym: Poa capillaris L. 
NOTE: horn, illcg. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis capillaris (L.) Nees. 
= Eragrostis capillaris (L.) Nccs 

Eragrostis capillaris var. frankii (C.A. Mey. ex Stcnd.) 

Farw., Rep. Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 182. 1916. 
Basionym: Eragrostis frankiiC. A. Mey. ex Steud. 
= Eragrostis frankii C.A. Mey. ex Steud. 

Eragrostis capitaia (Nutt.) Nash, Man. Fl. N. States 1042. 

1901 . Basionym: Poa capitaia Nult. 
= Eragrostis rep(aiis (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis carazcnsisV\\g., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56(BcibI. 123): 

27. 1920. T-Protol.: Peru: Ancachs: Caraz, offcnc 
Formation bei 2200-2500 m. May \9<d3JVeberbauer 
2999. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Peru: Ancash: Craz, alt. 
2200-2500 m, 12 May 1903,/*. Weberhauer 2999 
[HT: B; IT: BAA-1018 (fragm. ex B), US-2891460]. 
= Eragrostis pilgeri Fedde. 



4,2(1): 72. 1836. T-Prolol.: V. subsp. Am. bor., two Eragrostis caroliniana (Biehler) Scribn., Mem. Torrey Bol 



specicmns in hb. Triiiius. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. USA: 
"Jackson v. 4" [North Carolina?, Georgia?, Florida?] 
[ST: LE-TRlN-2316.01]. 2 of 2. USA: Georgia: in 
campis arcnosis, Beyrich mis. 1834 [ST; LE-TRIN- 
2316.02], packet Poa nitida (Elf) Sprcngl herb. 91. 
^ Eragrostis rcfracta (Muh!. ex Elliott) Scribn. 

Eragrostis campestris var. refracta Chapm ., Fl. South. U.S. 

(ed. 3) 617. 1897. T-Protol.: "Dry soil, middle 

Florida.". 
NOTE: cites Poa refracta Mnhl. (nom. nud). 
= Eragrostis refracta (MuhL ex FllioU) Scribn. 



Club 5(4): 49. 1894. Basionym: Poa caroliniana 
Biehler. 
= Eragrostis pectinacca (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis cataclasta Nicora, Fl. II. Entre Rios 2; 189. 1969. 

T-Protol.: Argentina: Entre Rios: Holt, /?. Martinez 
Crovetto 88/9 [HT: BAB]. 
DS T.: Arge, Braz, Para, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Burkart. A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. 

(1970); Nicora, E. G. (1998); Rosengurtl. B., B. R. 

Arrillaga de Maftei & P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970). 



Eragrostis capillacea Jcdwabn., Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 196. Eragrostis caudata E. Fourn., Mcxic. PL 2: 115. 1886. T- 



1924. T-Protof : Amcricae sept, Civit. Unitae, 
Nebraska centr, ad Ptumcr Ford, Dismal River, 
Thomas Co., Rydherg 1832, syntype specimen at B 
presumably destroyed. T-Specim.: 1 of I. USA: 
Nebraska: TIu>mas Co.: on sand hills, near Plumcr 
Ford, Dismal River, 23 Aug 1893,A/f Rydberg 1832 
[LT: NY-380756; ILT: US-207974], LT designated by 
Withcrspoon, A Numerical Tax. Stud. Eragrostis 
intermedia Complex, Ph.D. thesis, 252 (1975), but not 
effectively published here because it is an unpublished 
thesis. 
Eragrostis trichodcs (Null.) Alph. Wood. 



Eragrostis capillajis (L.) Nees, Fl. Bras. Enuni. PL 2: 505. 

1829. Basionym: Poa capillaris L. 
DST.: Mcxi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Correll, D. S. & 

M. C. Johnston (1970); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopcz-Ferraii, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000), Fcrnald, 
M. (1950); Gleason, II. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); 
Gleason, 11. .A. & A. Cronquist (1991); Great Plains 
Flora Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 



ProtoL: Mexico, 2 syntypes cited. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. 

Mexico: Consoquitla, Aug 1841, F.M Liebmann 520 
[ST: C, US-207543 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Mexico: near 
Matamoras, Sept 185 1,7. A. Herlandier 2345 [ST: MO- 
129490, US-9I 1405 (fragm), US-77390 (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: horn, illcg. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis caudata Nees ex Steud. 

= Eragrostis palmeri S. Watson. 

Eragrostis chariis (SchulL) Hitchc, Lingnan Sci. J. 7: 193. 

1929 [1931]. Basionym: Poa chariis SchulL 
= Eragrostis atrovirens(Desr) Trin ex Steud. 

Eragrostis chdensis (Moris) Nees, Nova Acta Acad. Caes. 

Leop. -Carol. German. Nat. Cur. 19: Suppl. I: 32, 
1841; 164. 1843. Basionym: Poa chdensis Moris. 
^ Eragrostis mcxicana (Horncm.) Link. 

Eragrostis chiquitanicnsls Killeen, Ann. Missouri But. 

Card. 77(1): 153, f. 3. 1990. T-ProtoL: Bolivia: Santa 
Cruz: Estancia San Ignacio, 25 km N of San Jose de 
Chiquitos, Prva. Chiquitos, 17"35'S 60M5'W, 320 m, 1 

Feb 1986, T. Killeen 1728 [HT: ISC; IT: CTES, F, 
LPB, MO, NY, SI, TEX, US], T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Bolivia: Santa Cruz: Estancia San Ignacio, 25 km N of 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



87 



San Jose de Chiquitos, Prva. Chiquitos, 17"35'S 

60°45'W, 320 m, 1 Feb 1986, T. KiUcen 1728 [IIT. 

ISC; IT: CTES, F, GA, LPB, MO, NY, SI, TEX, US- 

3181404]. 
DST.:BoIi, Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Killeen, T. J. (1990); Nicora, E. G. 

(1998), Renvoize, S. A. (1998). 

Eragroatis chloromclas Stcud., Syir PI. Gluiiiac. 1: 271. 

1854. T-Protol.: Pr. b. sp. T-Speciin.: 1 of 1. South 
Africa: Cape Province: Schiloh, Drege [IT: K]. 
NOTE: based on "E. atrovircns sensu Nces, Agrostogr. Cap. 

400.nonDcsf.'\ 
NOTE: sometimes regarded as a separate species. 

= Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees. 

Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Link ex Vignolo, Malpighia 18: 

386. 1904. Basionym: Poa cilianensis All. 
NOTE: num. inval., combination not accepted by author; 

See Taxon 35: 697. 1986. Cited by fna 1494 as: "E. 
cilianensis (All.) Moshcr" Simon (1983) notes that 
when Vignolo-Lutati made the new combination E. 
cilianensis, mistakingly attributing it to Link, he did 
not not accept the combination, which was thus not 
validly published. The first valid use was by Janchcn 
(1907). 

CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex 

Janch. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo, Malpigiiia 18: 386. 

1904. Basionym: Poa cilianensis All. 
NOTE: nom. inva!., combination not accepted by author; 

see Taxon 35: 697 (1986). 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex 

Janch. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch., Mitt. 

Naturwiss. Vereins Univ. Wien, n.s., 5: 110. 1907. 
Basionym: Poa cilianensis AIL 

NOTE: for authorship see: Taxon 35: 697 (1986). 

DST.: ArgCj Boli, Braz, Cana, Cari, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, 

Hond, Mexi, Nica, Para, Peru, USA, Urug, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: !; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bercndsohn, W, G. & A. E. Araniva 

de Gonzalez (1991); Roechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 
Wagner (2000); Bniko, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 
Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. (1970), Cope, T. 
A. (1992); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. 
Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (cditores gencralcs) (1994); 
Edgar, E., II. E. Connor & J. E. Shand (1991); Espcjo 
Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Filguciras, T. S. (1991), Gleason, H. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1991); Gould, F. W (1979), Gould, F. W. 
& R. Moran (1981); Hickman, J. C. (1993); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon- 
Yanez (eds.) (1999), Kerguelen, M. (1993); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Nicora, E. G., M. E, De Paula, 
A. M. Faggi, M. del C. Mariano, A. M. Miantc A., L. 
R, Parodi, C. A. Petetin, P. A. Roig & Z. Riigolo de 
Agrasar (1978); Phillips, S. (1995); Pohl, R. W. 
(1980); Reeder, J. R. & C. G. Reeder (1971); 
Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); Rosengurtt, B., B. R. 
Arrillaga dc Maffei & P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1968); 
Rosengurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga de MalTei & P. 



Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); Shreve, P. & L L. 
Wiggins (1964); Tovar, 6. (1993); Wundcrlin, R. P. 
(1998). 
SYN.: Briza eragrostis L,; Briza megastachya (Koeler) 

hort. ex Roem & Schult.; Briza megastachya 
(Koeler) Steud.; Briza oblonga Mocnch; Briza 
purpurascens Muh 1 . ; Calotheca purpurascens 
(Muhl.) Spreng.; Eragrostis argentina Jcclwabn.; 
Eragrostis cilianensis (All) Link ex Vignolo; 
Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Moshcr; Eragrostis 
cilianensis (All.) Vignolo; Eragrostis cilianensis 
subsp. megastachya (Koeler) Maire & Weiller; 
Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) Blatt, & McCann; 
Eragrostis eragrostis (L .) MacM ill.; Eragrostis 
eragrostis var. megastachya (Koeler) Farw. ; 
Eragrostis major Host; Eragrostis major Host; 
Eragrostis megastachya (Koeler) Link; Eragrostis 
megastachya fo. nana Lorentz & ^k6zi\:, Eragrostis 
megastachya var. cilianensis (All.) Asch. & Graebn.; 
Eragrostis minor var. megastachya (Koeler) Burtt 
Davy; Eragrostis multiflora (Forssk.) Asch.; 
Eragrostis multijlora var. cilianensis (AIL) Maire; 
Eragrostis multijlora var. glandulifera Chiov.; 
Eragrostis multijlora var. insularis A. Terrace; 
Eragrostis multijlora var. subbiloba Chiov.; 
Eragrostis pappiana var. insularis A. Terrace, ex 
Ch iov.; Eragrostis papp ii Gan d . ; Eragrostis 
poaeoidcs var. megastachya (Koeler) A. Gray; 
Eragrostis virletii E. Fourn.; Eragrostis vulgaris 
subsp. megastachya (Koeler) Douin; Eragrostis 
vulgaris var. megastachya (Koeler) Coss. & Germ.; 
Erosion ciliare Lunell; Megastachya eragrostis (L.) 

P. Beauv. ex Roem. & ScIiuU.; Megastachya obtusa 

(Nutt.) Schult.; Megastachya purpurascens (Muhl.) 
Schult.; Poa cilianensis AIL; Poa luittallii Spreng.; 
Poa obtusa Nuii., Poa philadelphica W.P.C. Barton. 

Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Moshcr, Univ. Illinois Agric. 

Exp. Sta. Bull. 205: 381. 1918. Basionym: Poa 

cilianensis All. 
NOTE: isonym; See Taxon 35: 697 (1986). 

E. NAME: Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis cilianensis (AIL) Vignolo ex 

Janch. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (AIL) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis cilianensis subsp. megastachya (Koeler) Maire & 

Weiller, Fl. Afrique N. 2: 175. 1953. B'dsnmynvPoa 
megastachya Koeler. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis ciIiaris(L.) R. Br. var. ciliaris. 

DST.: Argc, Beli, Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, 

FrGu, Guat, Guya, Hond, Mexi, Nica, Pana, Para, 
Peru, Suri, USA, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J., M. IL Ncc & D. E. 

Atha (2000); Bor, N. L, (I960); Davidse, G. (1994); 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A, O. Chater (editores 
generalcs) (1994); Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); l.indcman, J. C. 
& A. L. Stoffers(1963). 

SYN.: Eragrostis ciliaris var. comta (Link) Schrad. 

Eragrostis ciliaris \dj. comta (Link) Schrad , Linnaca 12(4): 

451. 1838. Basionym: Eragrostis comta Link. 
= Eragrostis ciliarisvar. ciliaris. 



88 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; II, 



Eragrostis ciliaris var. laxa Kiintze. Rcvis. Gen. PL 2: 774. 

1891. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Bmh^dos, Kunt^e s.n, [ST: 
NY-70975, MO (microfiche ex NY)]. 2 of 2. Virgin 
Islands: St. Thomas Isl., St. Thomas, Kimtze 735 [ST: 
NY-70974]. 
DST.: Cari, Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidsc, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. 

Sousa S. & A. 0. Chater (edilorcs gcnerales) (1994); 
Espejo Sema, A., A. R. L6pcz-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs- 
Reyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936). 

Eragrostls ciliaris var. patens Chapm. ex Beal, Grass. N. 

Amcr. 2: 479. 1896. T-Protol.: USA: Georgia, CMr^m 
3493. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Georgia: Wayne Co., 
Sep 1880-Oct 1880,/i.//. Curtiss 3493 [IT: NY; US- 
748296, US-821866, US-909340]. 
= Eragrostis amabilis (L.) Wight & Am. ex Nees. 

Eragrostis cognata Steud., Syn. PI. Gliimac. 1: 273. 1854. T- 

Protol.: Ohio Am. Spt., 1837, hb, Frank sm., "P. 
capillarisl hrbr. Frank un. it. 1837; Prioris [£. unionis] 
vix varietas". T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Ohio, 1837, 
Hrbr, FranksM. [HT: P; IT: US-2851265 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nccs. 

Eragrostis coUocarpa K. Schum., Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas C: 

114, 1895. T-Spccim.: I of 3. Usagara - Usambara, 
Hoist 54 [ST]. 2 of 3. Usagara - Usambara,//o/.v/ 3228 
[ST]. 3 of 3. Usagara - Usainbara, Hoist 8923 [ST]. 
= Eraiiirostis teiiuifolia (A. Ricii.) Ilochst. ex Stcud. 

EragrosUs compacta Salzm. ex Stcud., Syn. PI. Glumac. I: 

275. 1854. T-Protol.: Brazil, in sabulosis maritimus 
subhuiiiidis propc Bahia, P. Salzman, "£. iiiconslans 
Nccs var.". T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Bahia, P, 
Salzmann s.n. [HT: P; IT: K, MO, US-911749, US- 
911748]. 
= Eragrostis sccundillora J. Presl. 

Eragrostis condensata (J. Presl) Steud., Syn PI. Gkimac. 1: 

278. 1854. Basionym: Megastachya condensata J. 
Presl. 
DST.: Ecua. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Jergensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa U. 

(1994); Jorgcnscn, P. M. & S. Lc6n-Ycincz (eds.) 
(1999); Valencia, R., N. Pitman, S. Le6n-Yiinez & P. 

M. Jorgcnscn (2000). 

SYN.: Brizopyntm condensatwn (J, Presl) H. Fourn.; 

Distichlis condensata (J. Picsl) Hemsl.; Eragrostis 

dcnslssima Hack.; Eragrostis tenax (Kunth) Stcud.; 

Megastachya condensata J. Presl; Megastachya tenax 
(Kunth) Roem. & Schuli.; Poa condensata (J. Presl) 

Kunth; Poa tenax Kunth. 

Eragrostis conferta (Flliott) Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.- 

Ser. 6. Sci. Matli. 



Pclcrsbourg. 



1(4): 409. 1830. 



Basionym: Poa conferta Tlllioii. 
= Eragrostis japoiiica (Thunb.) Trin. 



Eragrostis contracta Pilg , Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 376. 1906. T- 

Spccim.; 1 of 3. Peru: Depart. Ancachs, in provincia 
Cajatambo. ad Chiquian. in formatione aperta, plantas 
herbaceas (maxime Gramincas) intermixtis fruticibus 
gcrcnte, 3000-3300 m, Apr 1903,^. Weberbauer 2841 
[ST: B, BAA-1020 (fragm. ex B)]. 2 of 3. Peru: prope 
Hacienda Cajabamba inter Samanco et Caraz, in 



formatione apcila. 3700 m, /I. Weberbauer 3035 [ST: 
US-2767408 (fragm.)]. 3 of 3. Peru: prope Ocros, in 
formatione aperla, 3200-3400 m,^. Weberbauer 2663 
[ST: US-1061 508 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis pastocnsis (Kunth) Trin. 

Eragrostis contrcrasii R.W. Pohl, Iowa State J. Res. 51(3): 

323, f. 1. 1977. T-Proto!.: Guatemala: Peten: in 
clearing, bordering Rio Usumacinta, ca. 9 km W of 
Lacondon, 8 Mar 1962, £. Contreras 3484 [HT: F; IT: 
LL, TEX]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Guatemala, 8 March 

1962, Contreras 3484 [HT: F; IT: US-2486077, US- 
2454156, F-053511]. 
DST,: Beli,Guat, Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J., M, H. Nee & D. E. 

Alha (2000); Davidse, G. (1994), Davidse, G., M. 
Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editorcs generates) (1994). 
SYN.: Neeragrostls contrerasii (R.W. Pohl) P.M. Peterson. 

Eragrostis contristata Meyen, Reise Erde 1: 484. 1834. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 

CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis contristata Nccs & Meyen. 
= Eragrostis lurida J. Presl. 

Eragrostis cordobcnsis Jedwabn , Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 208. 

1924. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Argentina: Cordoba: prope 

urbem, \m\,Galandcr 54b [ST: US-2767407]. 2 of 3. 
Argentina: Salta: Rio Juramento, Lorentz & 
Hieronymus 356 [ST]. 3 of 3. Argentina: Santa F^: 
Canada de Gomez, Galander 25 [ST]. 
= Eragrostis mcxicana (Hornem.) Link. 

Eragrostis cubcnsis Hitchc, Contr. U.S. Natl. Ilcib. 12(6); 

243. 1909. T-ProtoL: Cuba: Isle of Pincs.Curtiss 420 
[HT: US-522037]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Cuba: Pinar del 
Rio: near Nueva Gerona, Isia de Pinos, 20 Mar 1904, 
AJL Curtiss 420 [HT: US-522037; IT: MO-2067266, 
NY^70976]. 
DST.:Cari. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C D. (1972), Catasus 

Guerra, L. (1997); Hitchcock, A. S. (1909), 
Hitchcock,A. S. (1936). 

Eragrostis cuniingii Stcud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 266. 1854. 

T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. Philippines: Luzon: Laguna, 1841, 

Cuming 672 [ST: L, LEJ. 2 of 2. Philippines: Luzon, 
Cuming 1104 [ST: L]. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Bor, N. L. 

(1960); Koch, S. D. (1978); Lazaridcs, M. (1961); 

Wundcrlin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis bleeseri Pilg.; Eragrostis distans Hack ; 

Eragrostis simplex Scribn. 

Eragrostis curtipcdicellata Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 14: 97. 1862. T-Protol.: USA: Northern 
Texas, June. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: nortliern Texas, 
Buckley s.n. [LT: PHJ, LT designated by Hitchcock, 
Man. Grass. U.S. 849 (1935), but without citing a 
specific sheet in a specific herbarium. 
DST.: Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



89 



Reyna (2000); Great Plains Flora Association (1986); 
IIitchcock,A. S. (1951). 

SYN.: Eragrostis brevipedicellaia A. Gray; Eragrostis 

viscosa Scribn. 

Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees, Fl. Afr. Austral. III. 397. 

1841 Basionym; Poa curvula Schrad. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Bn^z, Chil, Colo, CoRi, USA, Urug, 

Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated, introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Bocchat, S. C. 

& H. M. Longhi-Wagncr (2000); Bor, N. L. (i960); 

Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); Biirkart, A. 

(1969); Cabrera, A. L. (1970); CorrcU, D. S. & M. C. 

Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A, fl. Holmgren, N. 

H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); Darke, R. 

(1999), Davidse, G, (1994), Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. 

& A. O. Cliater (cditores generales) (1994); Edgar, 

E., H. E. Connor & J. E. Shand (1991), Espejo Scma, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Filgueiras, T. S. (1991), Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. 

Wclmau, E. Rcitief, K. L. Immclman, G. 

Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 

Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Gleason, H. A. & A. 

Cronquist (1991); Great Plains Flora Association 

(1986); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Kerguelen, M. 

(1993); Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada (1985); 

Molina R., A. (1975); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck 



LVL. ACCPTC: I; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Wchiian, 

E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman. G. Germishuizen, B. J. 

Pienaar, NT van Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 

(1987);Phillips, S. (1995). 
SYN.: Eragrostis annulala Chiov.; Eragrostis cylindrijlora 

var. gyinnorhachis Schweinf.; Eragrosiis horizontalis 

Peter; Eragrostis uniUipilosa Ilochst. ex Mattel. 

Eragrostis cylindrijlora yzx, gymnorhachls Schweinf., Bull, 

Herb. Boissier2(App. 2): 40. 1894. T-Spccim.: 1 of 6. 
Aethiopian colonia EnXxcv^^Schyveinfurth 1151 [ST]. 2 
of 6. Aethiopian, Colonia Ev\{VQd., Schweinfurth 1102 
[ST]. 3 of 6. Aethiopien, Colonial Eritrea, 
Schweinfurih 1289 [ST]. 4 of 6. Aethiopien, Colonia 
Eritrea, Schweinfurth 1489 [ST]. 5 of 6. Aethiopien, 
Colonia Eritrea, Sclnveinfurth 1623 [ST]. 6 of 6. 
Aethiopien, Colonia Eritrea, Schweinfurih 91 [ST]. 
= Eragrostis cylindriflora Hochst. 

Eragrostis cyperoides (Thunb.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 

71, 162, 174, 1812. Basionym: Poa cyperoides T\mnh. 
= Cladoraphis cyperoides (Thunb.) S.M. Phillips. 

Eragrostis damiensiaua (Bonnet) Thell., ReperL Spec. Nov. 

Regni Veg. 24: 323. 1928. Basionym: Eragrostis 

pilosa var. damiensiana Bonnet. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Bcauv. 



(1959), Munz, P. A. (1974); Phillips, S. (1995): Pohl, Eragrostis damiensiana var. condcnsata (Hack.) Thell., 



R. W. (1980); Radford, A, E., H. E. Ahles 8l C. R. 
Bell (1968); Renvoize, S. A. (1988), Rcnvoize, S. A. 
(1998); Roscngurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga de Maflci & 
P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); Smith, L. B., D. C. 
Wasshauscn & R. M. Klein (1981); Wunderlin, R. P. 

(1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis chloromelas Steud.; Eragrostis curxula 

var. atrata (Sclnscinf.) Cufod.; Eragrostis robusia 
Stent; Eragrostis thunbergiana var. afrata Schweinf.; 
Poa cunnda Schrad. 

Eragrostis cun-ula var. atrata (Schweinf) Cufod., Bull. Jard. 

Bot. Belg. 38: 125L 1968. Basionym: Eragrostis 

thunbergiana var. atrata Schweinf 

= Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees, 

Eragrostis curvula (Schrad) Nees var. curvula. 
DST : Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Hickman, J. C. (1993); Smith, L. B., 

D. C. Wasshauscn & R. M. Klein (1981). 

Eragrostis curvula var. valida Stapf, Fl. Cap. 7: 600. 1900. 

T-Protol.: Near Durban, Plant, 57. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Africa do Sul, Natal, Berea, Wood 5940 [T]. 

DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Smith, L. B., D. C Wasshauscn & R. 

M.Klein (1981). 

Eragrostis cuspidata (Schult.) Link, Hort. Berol. 2: 293. 

1 833. Basionym: Megastachya cuspidata Schult. 
= Eragrostis rufescens var. rufescens. 

Erafi;rostis cylindriflora Ilochst., Flora 38: 324. 1855. T- 

Protol.: Abyssinia, Semicn [\?i51\, Schimper in Herb. 
Buchinger 772 [IIT: STRJ, in pi. abyss, anno 1852 a 
Schimpero lectis. 
DST.: USA. 



Rcpert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 328. 1928. 
Basionym: Eragrostis pilosa var. condcnsata Hack. 

= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Eragrostis damiensiana var. laxior Thell., Repert. Spec. Nov. 

Regni Veg. 24: 327. 1928. 
NOTE: cites Poa (Eragrostis) purshii. var. Fisch. Mey. Lall. 

Accd. to Chase & Niies, Index Grass Sp. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Eragrostis decipiens (R. Br.) Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 279. 

1854. Basionym: Poa decipiens R. Br. 
= Leptochloa decipiens (R. Br.) Stapf ex Maiden. 

Eragrostis delicatula Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- 

Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Secoudc Pt. Sci. Nat. 
2(1): 73. 1836. T-Protol.: Brazil: "V. subsp. Bras, in 
cultis prope Rio Jan.". T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: In 
cultis prope Rio dc Janeiro, May-June 1823,1. Riedel 
[HT: LE-TRIN-2330.01; IT: LE, LE, US-2S91464 

(fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis densissima Hack., Oestcrr. Bot. Z. 52: 304. 1902. 

T-Protol.: Ecuador: in regione tempcrata ct subandina 
prope Tumbaco etc., Sodiro s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Ecuador: in reg. temperata et Subandina Prope 
Tumbaco, 1886, SJ.Sodiro [LT: US-2891465], LT 
designated by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 
24(8); 340, no herbarium indicated. 
= Eragrostis condensata (J. Presl) Steud. 

Eragrostis deserticola Phil., Fl. Atacam. 55. I860. T-Protol.: 

Chile: circa Hueso parado 25'' 26' lat m. et 1200 p. s, 
m. inveni. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Chile: circa Hueso 
Parado, 25"26'S, 1200 m [HT: SGO-63452; IT: BAA 
(fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Chile, /?./<. Philippi 658 or 608 [IT: 
US-556537 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis peruviana (Jacq.) Trin. 



90 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



Eragrostis diffusa Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 14: 97. 1862. T^Protol.: USA: Northern 

Texas, Buckley s.n. T-Spccini.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas, 
S.D. Buckley [LT: PH, IT: US-91621 (fragm.)], LT 
designated by Hitchcock, Man. Grass. U.S. 849 
(1935), but without citing a specific sheet in a specific 
herbarium. 
= Eragrostis pcctinacca var. pectinacca. 

Eragrostis diffusa var. arida (Ilitchc.) Beetle, Phytologia 

37(4): 317-407. 1977. Basionym: Eragrostis arida 
Hitchc. 
= Fragrostis pecliiiacea var miserrima (E. Fourn ) 

Reeder. 

Eragrostis diffusa Buckley var. diffusa. 
= Eragrostis pectiiiacea (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis diplachuoldes Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 268. 

1854. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. ^w^m^Kolschy 346 [IIT: ?; 
IT: K, L], L cites coll. as B.P.G. Hochrcutiner. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Eragrostis distans Hack., Philippine Bur. Govt. Lab Bulk 

35; 81. 1906. T-Proto!.: Kias, Benguel, Luzon, Jun 
\9Q^. Elmer 6608, 
= Eragrostis cumingii Steud. 

Eragrostis diversiJJora Vasey, Contr. U.S. Nail. Herb. 1(8): 

285- 1893. T-Protok: Mexico: Manzanillo, 2-18 Mar 
1891, £. Palmer 1335. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Colinia: Manzanillo, 2-18 Mar 1891. £. Palmer 1335 
[HT: US-1749577; IT: 821924, US-910000]. 
= Eragrostis prolifcra (Sw.) Steud. 

Eragrostis domingensis (Pers.) Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 

278. 1854. Basionym: Poa domingensis Pers. 
= Eragrostis prolifcra (Sw.) Steud. 

Eragrostis cchiriochloidca Slapf, Fk Cap. 7: 627. 1900. T- 

Protok: Kalahari Region: Orange Free State, between 
Kimberly anfBloemfoiUein, Buchanan 284. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC; I; introduced, 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Welman, 

E, Reitief, K L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B, J. 
Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 
(1987). 

Eragrostis eknianii Ilitchc, Man. Grasses W. Ind. 43, f. 22. 

1936, T-Protok: West Indies: Cuba: Los Indios, Isia de 
Pinos: collected in sandy pinclands: 8 Nov 1920. ,£.L 
Ehmm 12143 [HT: US-1387320]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
Cuba: Isla de la Juventud, Isla de Pinos, Los Indios, 8 
Nov 1920, £. L Ehmm 12143 [HT: US-1387320; IT: 
NY-70973 [7 Nov]]. 
= Eragrostis clongata (Willd.) J. Jacq. 

Eragrostis clatior Stapf, Fk Cap. 7: 617. 1900. T-Specim.: I 

of 3. Caput bonae spei, \'i39,Zeyher s.n. [1ST: LE]. 2 
of 3. Coast Region: Cape Div.: Cape Flats, near Doom 

Hoogle, \^^9,Zeyher s.n. [ST]. 3 of 3. Coast Region: 
Paarl Div.: by the Berg River near Paarl, Drcge s.n. 
[STJ. 
= Eragrostis bahicnsis Schrad ex Schnlt. 

Eragrostis elatior Hack., Repert. Spec. Nov. Rcgni Vcg. 7: 

374. 1909. T-Protok: Paraguay: Sierra de Amambay: 
ad margines silvarum, Apr 1908, Rojas (Ilassler 
103S0). T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Paraguay, ad margines 



silvarum: Sierra de Amambay, Apr 1908, T. Rojas 
10380 [IT: BAA, BAF, P, US-911888, US-77387 
(fragm.), US-77392 (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis elatior Stapf. 

CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis hackelii 1 lassk 

= Eragrostis hackelii I lassk 

Eragrostis elegans Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 510, 608. 

1829. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa brasilicnsis Spreng. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis brasilicnsis (Rnddi) Nees. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Eragrostis elegans var. laxiJJora Arechav.. Anales Mus. Nac. 

Montevideo 1: 444. 1896. T-Protok: Uruguay: 
Western border of Uruguay: in front ofSalLo. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Eragrostis elegantula Nees, Anal. Bot. InJ. 4: 39. 1851. T- 

?xo\o\:A\\A\2i, Wight 178 L 
= Eragrostis gangctica (Roxb.) Steud. 

Eragrostis elegantula (Kuntli) Nees ex Steud., Syn. PI. 

Glumac. 1: 266. 1854. Basionym: Poa elegantula 
Kunth. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis elegantula Nees. 

CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis chariis (Schult.) Hitchc. 

= Eragrostis atrovirens(Desf) Trin. ex Steud. 

Eragrostis elliottii S. Watson, Proc. Amcr. Acad. Arts 25: 

140. 1890. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa nitida Elliott. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis nitida Link. 
DST.: Beli, Cari, Bond, Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C. D. (1972); Anonymous 

(1986), Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D. E. Atha 

(2000); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Breedlove, D. E. 

(1986), Catasus Guerra, L. (1997), Correll, D. S. & 

M. C. Johnston (1970), Cowan, C. P. (1983); 

Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 

O. Chater (editorcs gencrales) (1994); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pcz-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wootcn (1979); Hitchcock, 

A. S. (1909); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936), Hitchcock, A. 

S. (1951); Koch, S. D. (1978), Liogier, H. & L. 

Martorell (1982); Long, R W. & O. Lakela (1971); 

McCIure, F. A. (1955); Molina R., A. (1975); 

Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahlcs & C. R Bell (1968); 

Sousa S., M. & E. F. Cabrera C. (1983); Wunderlin, 

R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Eragrostis acuta Ilitchc; Eragrostis macropoda 

Pilg.: Eragrostis nitida (Elliott) Chcipm., Poa nitida 
Elliott. 

Eragrostis elongate (Willd.) J. Jacq., Eel. Grain. Rar. 3. 

1813 Basionym: Poa clongata Willd. 

DST.:ChiI,CoRi,USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Brako, L. & J. 

L. Zarucchi (1993); Davidse, G. (1994), Davidse, G., 
M, Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editorcs gencrales) 
(1994); Koch, S. D. (1978); Marticorena, C. & M. 
Quezada (1985); Skottsherg, C. (1922); Wunderlin, 
R. P. (1998). 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



91 



SYN.: Eragrostis ekmanii \V\ic\\c.\ Eragrostis stenoclada J. 

Prcsl; Poa elongaia Willd. 

Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 71, 174, 

t. 14, f IL 1812. Basionjm: Poa eragrostis L. 
NOTE: nom. invat., tautonym. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis poaeoides P, Beauv. ex 

Roem. & Scliuil. 
= Kragrnstis minor Most. 

Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) H. Karst., Dcut. Fl. 389. 1880. 

Basionym: Poa eragrostis \.. 
NOTE: nom. inval,, tautonym. 
E. NAME: Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) P. Bcauv. 
- Eragrostis minor Host. 

Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) MacMill., Mctasp. Minnesota 

Valley 75. 1892. Basionym: Briza eragrostis L. 

NOTE: nom. inval., tautonym. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) P. Bcauv. 

= Eragrostis cilianensis (All,) Vignolo ex Jancli. 

Eragrostis eragrostis {L.) Blatt. & McCann, J. Bombay Nat. 

Hist. Soc. 33: 492. 1929. Basionym: Sr/za eragrostis 

L. 

NOTE: nom. inval., tautonym. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis poaeoides P. Beauv. ex Roem. & 

Scliult. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis eragrostis \dx. megastacbya (Koeler) Farw.j Rep. 

Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 182. 1916. Bd^s\owyx\x Poa 

megastachya Koeler. 
NOTE: nom. inval., because the species is invahd. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (AIL) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis eragrostis var. microstachya (Coss. & Germ.) 

Farw., Amer. Midi. Naturalist 10: 306. 1927. 
Basionym: Eragrostis vulgaris var. microstachya 
Coss. & Germ. 
NOTE: nom. inval., because the species is invalid. 

= Eragrostis minor Host. 

Eragrostis erosa Scribn. ex Bcal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 483. 

1896. T-Protol.: Mexico: Chihuahua, /*r;>7g/t' 415. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Chihuahua: Santa Eulalia 
Mountains, Oct 1885, CG. Pringle 415 [HT: MSC; 
IT: MO-3728015, US-821925, US-I749578]. 
DST.;Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951). 

Eragrostis erythrogona Nees ex Steud., Syn. Pi. Glumac. 1: 

273. 1854, T-Protol.: USA: Missouri: St. Louis, 
Dmmwond SM. T-Specim.: 1 of L USA; Missouri: St 
Louis, TDrummond [IT: LE^TRIN-2338.01, US- 
909490 (fragm.)], herb. Nees. 
= Eragrostis frankii C,A. Mey. ex Steud. 

Eragrostis eiicampta Pilg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 70: 346, f. 1939. 

T-Protot.: Brazil: Sao Paulo "£. solida Nqqs\ Sellow 
s.n. [HT: B-W-5533]. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Brazil: SSo 
Paulo, F. Sellows.n. [ST]. 2 of 2. \SellowsM. [ST: B- 

W-5533]. 
= Eragrostis solida Nees. 



Eragrostis cxcelsa Griseb., Cat PI. Cub. 227. 1866. T- 

Protol.: Cuba: Cuba occ.,C. Wright 3425. T-Specim.: 
1 of L Cuba, 1860-1864,C Wright 3425 [HT: GOET; 
IT: BM, MO-2067269, NY, US-91 1718 (fragm.), US- 
911719 (fragm.), US-2767393 (fragm.)]. 
DST.:Be!i,Cari, Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D. E. 

Adia (2000); Catasus Guerra, L. (1997); Davidse, G. 
(1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chatcr 
(editores generales) (1994); Espejo Sernn, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1909); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); 
Sousa S., M. & E. F. Cabrera C. (1983). 

SYN.: Eragrostis glumacea E. Fourn. 

Eragrostis expansa Link, Hort. Bcrol. 1: 190. 1827. T- 

Protol.: Habitat in Montevideo, ^e/Zoii' s.n. T-Spccim.: 

-I 

1 of 1. Uruguay: Montevideo, F. Sello-w [IT; US- 

2850751 (fragm.)]. 

= Eragrostis bahicnsis Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis filiformis Link, Hort. Bcrol. 1: 191. 1827. T- 

Protol.: Hab. in America boreali. T-Specim.: I of I. 
America Boreali, Ex Herb. Elliot [IT: US-91380 
(fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Eragrostis firma Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- 

Petersbourg, Scr. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 
4,2(1): 74. 1836. T-Protol.: V. subsp. Brasilia. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. St. Paulo Brasil., inter planlas a [HT: 
LE-TRlN-2342.01; IT: US-2891470 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis bahicnsis Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis flaccida Lindm., Kongl. Svenska Vetcnskapsakad. 

Handl. 34(6): 17, t 9A. 1900. T-Specim.: I of 3. 
Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: Porto Alegre, in regione 
camporum, in dumetis paulum umbrosis, solo duro 
graminoso, 7 Nov 1899, £j:p. /. Regnell, A 613 [ILT: 
LIL-I9370, P, U, US-703148], LT designated by ?. 2 
of 3. Paraguay, Colonia Risso, in ripa calcarea 
graminosa fluvii Paraguay, loco aprico, 20 Oct 1893, 

Exp. i Regnell., A 2301 [ST: S, 1ST: U]. 3 of 3. 
Paraguay: Asuncion, dans les lieux sablonncux 
humides, mens Febr. florens ct i'lucUfcra, Balansa 241 
[ST: S]. 
= Eragrostis lugcnsNees. 

Eragrostis Jlavescens J. Prcsl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 278. 

1830. T-Protol.: Hab. in Mexico, Haenke s.n, T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, T.Haenke [IT: LE-TRIN- 
2344.01, US-2891471 (fragm.)]. 
^ Eragrostis acutiflora (Kunth) Nees. 

Eragrostis Jloribunda Schrad. ex Schult., Mant. 2: 319. 1824. 

T-Prolol.: Bra/il: In Brasilia Princeps, Sereniss, 
Maximil, Neowidense. 
NOTE: Poa Jloribunda Schrad. M. S., cited, Accd. to Chase 

& Niles, Index Grass Sp. 
= Eragrostis rufcsccns Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis JJoridana Hitchc, Amer. J. Bot. 2: 308. 1915. T- 

Protol: USA: Florida: in dry pine woods near Tampa: 
Marcii, A.K Curtiss 3494* [HT: US-726520]. T- 
Specim.: I of 1. USA: Florida: Hillsborough Co.: near 
Tampa, Mar, Curtiss 3494 [H'f: US-726520; IT: BR, 



92 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



F, ISC, LE, M, MO, NY, PII, TAES, TENN, US- 
748356, US-823092]. 

= Eragrostis polytricha Nees. 



peciinacea". T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Illinois [IT: US- 

2891474 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis spcctabilis (Pursh) Stcud. 



Eragrostis fragUis Swallcii, Ficldiiina, Dot. 28(1): 18. 1951. Eragrostis gigantca Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.- 



'I-Protol.; Venezuela: Boli'var: Gran Sabana, between 
Klin and Uaduara-parii, in valley of Rio Kiikcnan, S of 
Mount Roraima, 1065-1220 m, 1 Oct 1944,^.^. 
Steyermark 59062 [\U . US-191 1657; IT: F, VEN]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of!. Venezuela: Bolivar, 1 Oct 1944, V./i. 
Steyermark 59062 [HT: US-191 1657; IT: F, VEN]. 
= Eraj^rostis polytricha Nees. 

Eraj^rustis frankii C.A. Mcy. ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac, 1: 

273. 1854. T-Protul.: USA: Ohio, Am. scpir.JIrbr. 
un. it. 1S35 [HT: LE], distributed as Poa teuella. T- 
Specim.: I of 1 . USA: Ohio, Frank, in C.A.Meyer (Ind. 
sent. H. Petrop. sub nr. 2454) [IT: BM; US-2891472 
(fragm.)]. 
DST.:Cana, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Fernald, M. 

(1950); Gleason, H, A. & A. Cronquist (1968); 
Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1991); Godfrey, R. 
K. & J. W. Wooten (1979); Great Plains Flora 
Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 
Kerguelen, M. (1993), Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & 
C. R. Bell (1968), Sduvc-man, John E. (1991), 
Scoggan, 11. J. (1978 [1979]); Small, J. K. (1933); 
Voss,E. G. (1972). 
SYN.: Eragrostis capillar is var. frankii (C.A. Mcy. ex 

Stcud.) Farw.; Eragrostis erythrogona Nees ex 
Stcud.; Eragrostis frankii var. brevipcs Fassett; 
Eragrostis frankii var. frankii; Poa micrantha 
Schult,; Poa parviflora Nutt. 

Eragrostis frankii var. brevipes Fassett, Rhodora 34(401): 95. 

1932. T-Protol.: USA: Wisconsin: mud-flats, 
Mississippi River bottoms, Glenhaven, 9 Sep 1930, 
Fassett 12S99 [HT: WIS]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
Wisconsin: Grant co., 9 Sep 1930,A'.C. Fassett 12899 
[IT: MO, US- 1535776]. 

- Eragrostis frankii C.A. Mey. ex Stcud. 

Eragrostis frankii C.A. Mey, ex Steud. ym. frankii. 

- Eragrostis frankii C.A. Mey. ex Steud. 

Eragrostis ^anj^etica (Roxb.) Stcud., Syu. Pi. Glumac. 1: 

266. 1854. Basionym: Poa gangetica Roxb. 

DST.:Bcli, USA, Vcne. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J., M. H Ncc & D. E. 

Atha (2000); Bocchat, S. C. & P. M. Peterson (1995); 
Bor, N. L. (1960); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., 
M. Sousa S. & A, O. Chater (edilores generales) 
(1994), Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Welman. E. 
Reitief, K. L. Immclman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. 
Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 
(1987); Koch, S. D. (1978); ORSTOM (1988); 
Phillips, S. (1995); Wunderlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Eragrostis elegantida (Kunth) Nees ex Steud.; 

Eragrostis elegantula Nees; Eragrostis luzoniensis 
Stcnd.; Eragrostis ovina Iluchst. ex A. Rich.; 
Eragrostis stenoclada J. VxtsV, Eragrostis stcnophylla 
Hochst. ex Miq.; Poa gangetica Roxb; Poa ovina A. 
Rich. 

Eragrostis geym Steud., Syn. Pi. Glumac. 1: 272. 1854. T- 

Protol . : USA : Illinois, Geyer hrbr. as ''Poa 



Petersbourg, Ser 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 403. 1830. T- 
Protol.: V. sp. Domingo. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. St. 
Domingo [HT ?: LE-TRIN-2346.01], Rudolph! herb.: 
Poitcan Paris 3026: Poa giganthea mihi. 2 of 2. 
Dominican Republic, 1802 [IT: US-2891475 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis prolifera (S\v.) Steud. 

Eragrostis glandulosa L.H. Harv., Bull, forrey Bot. Club 

81(5): 406. 1954. T-Protol.: Mexico: Guerrero: 
Temisco, Y. Mexia 8774 [HT: US-1724746]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Guerrero: Sierra Madre del 
Sur, north of Rio Balsas, Temisco, Barranca dc la 

Suriana, strcambank, alt. 312 m, 9 Nov 1937, L Mexia 
8774 [HT: US-1724746; IT: MO-I269264, US- 
1834505]. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Espejo 

Serna, A>, A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000);McCInre, F. A. (1955). 

Eragrostis glareosa Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.- 

Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 406. 1830. T- 
Protol.: V. subsp. Brasilia., in glareosis, Barra de 

Jiquitiba. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: in glareosis, Barra 
do Jiquitiba, Nov 24,5-/'^ [I IT: LE-TRlN-2349.01; IT: 
BAA-1038 (fragm.), K, LE, US-2891476 (fragm.)]. 

= Eragrostis articulata (Schrank) Nees. 

Eragrostis glocotlcs Ekman, Ark. Bot. 10(17): 38, t. 4, 6. 

191 1. T-Protol.: Brazil: Mato Grosso: Porto Murtinho, 
2 Jan 1903 ("2. 1.03"), GO. Malme 2784 Exp. II Regn. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Malto Grosso: Porto 
Murtinho, O.Malme 2784 [IT: US-3274383 (fragm.)]. 
DST.: Braz. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bocchat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagncr (2000). 

Eragrostis glomerata (Walter) L.H. Dewey, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 2(3): 543. 1894. Basionym: Poa glomerata 
Walter. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 



Eragrostis glutinosa (Sw.) Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp, Sci. St.- 

Petcrsbourg, Sen 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 397. 1830. 
Basionym: Poa glutinosa Sw. 
DST.:Cari, Mcxi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C D. (1972); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Catasus Guerra, L. (1997), Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1909); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936), Liogicr, H. & L. 
Martorell(1982). 
SYN.: Eragrostis sudans Griscb.; Poa glutinosa Sw. 

Eragrostis gracilis Schrad., Linnaea 12(4): 451. 1838. T- 

Protol.: Chile. T-Spccim.: 1 of L 1835, Ilerb, 
Schrader [HT: LE], /^. chilensis Won. Paris. 
NOTE: cites Poa chilcnsis Hort. Par. (nom. inval., as syn. of 

£. gracilis Schrad., in Steudcl Nom. Bot. 2 2:359, 
1841) non Poa chilensis Moris. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Bcauv. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



93 



Eragrostls grandiflora J.G. Sm. & Bush, Annua! Rep. 

Missouri Bot. Card. 6: 117, L 55. 1895. T-Protol: 
USA: Okhihonia: Creek Co.: Sapulpa, Indian 
Territory: 1 Oct 1894, B.E Bush SOS. T-Specim.: 1 of 
1. USA: Sapulpa. Indian Territory, 1 Oct 1894, 
B.F.Bush 808 [IT; US-91622 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis trichodes (Nutt.) Alpli. Wood. 

Eragrostis guatcmalensis Withcrspoon, Ann. Missouri Bot. 

Gard. 64: 324. 1977. T-Protol.: Guatemala, Jo/m5/t?/7 

930 [HT: F]. 
DST.: Braz, FrGu, Guat, Guya, Mcxi, Venc. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. 

Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores generates) (1994); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Witherspoon, J, T. (1978). 

Eragrostis guiancnsis Hitclic, Contr U.S. Natl. Herb. 22(6): 

454, f. 78. 1922. T-Protol.: British Guiana: collected at 
Kwainiatla, Rupununi River, southern British Guiana, 



LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A 

(1977); Corrcll, D. S. & M, C. Johnston (1970) 
Cowan, C. P. (1983); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Fernald, M 

(1950); Gieason, II. A. & A. Cronquist (1968) 
Glcason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1991); Hitchcock, A 
S. (1951); McClure, F. A. (1955); Radford, A. E., H 
E. Ahlcs & C. R. Bell (1968); Small, J. K. (1933); 
Wunderlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Eragrostls liirsuta var. hirsula; Eragrostls hirsuta 

var. laevivaguiata Fernald; Eragrostls sporobololdcs 
J.G. Sm. & Bush; Poa hirsuta Michx. 

Eragrostls hirsuta var. laevivaginata Fernald, Rhodora 

41(490): 500-5OL 1939. T-Protol.: USA: Virginia: 
Southhampton Co.: from wooded alluvial bottomland 
of Meherrin River, near Haley's Bridge, Fernald & 
Long 9273 [HT: GH; IT: PH]. 
= Eragrostls hirsufa (Michx.) Nees. 



as. Jenman 5970 [nT:\JS-l039337].T-Spcc\m.:\ of Eragrostls hirta E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 115. 1886. T- 



1. Guyana: Rupununi River, Kwaimatta, Oct. 1888, 
G.S. Jenman 5970 [HT: US-1039337; IT: K, W, US- 

1126593 (fragm.)]. 
DST.: Braz, FrGu, Guya, Vcne. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCP'FD. BY: Boechat, S. C & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); Judziewicz, E. J. (1990). 

Eragrostis hackelii HassF, Reperl. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 8: 

47. 1910. 
REPLACED NAME: Eragrostis elatior Hack. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostls elatlor Slapf 
DST.: Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
SYN.: Eragrostls elatlor Hack. 

Eragrostls haenkeli. Presl, Reliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 279. 1832. 

T-Protol.: Mexico: Hab. in Mexico, Haenke s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, TJIaenke [IT: US-2942412 

(fragm.)]. 
^ Eragrostis proiifera (Sw.) Steud. 



Eragrostls hapalaniha Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.- 

Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 409. 1830. T- 
ProtoL: V. subsp. Ind. or. Manil. Bras, (ad flum. 
Parana in arenosis), Riedel s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 5. 
India oriental! [ST: LE, NY], a. = Poa nutans Koenig 
Ex India orientali m.; b. = Poa interrupta ex India 
orientali. 2 of 5, Ex India oriental!, l?>20, Homcmann 
[ST: LE], a: P. dlandra R.; b. = Poa Interrupta Lam. & 
Roth, non Br. Trinius scripsit ; c. = Poa dlandra hr. 
Berol. Otto, 3 of 5. , 428 [ST: LE]. 4 of 5. In arcnosis 
ripae rivi Parana, Aug. 1826,5.c. s.n. [FT: K, LE]. 5 of 
5. Brazil: Parana riv. in arenosis [HT: LE-TRIN- 
2351.03]. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Eragrostis hcnrardli Janscn, Blumca, SuppL 3; 42. 1946. T- 

Protol.: South-West-Africa: Grassteppe at Okahandja, 
1912, a: Dinter 2572 [HT. L]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mar 
1912, MK, Dinter 2572 [HT: L]. 
= Eragrostis trichophora Coss. & Duricu. 

Eragrostis hirsuta (Michx.) Nees, Fi. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 

508. 1829. Basionyni: Poa hirsuta Michx, 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 



Protol.: Mexico: San Luis de Potosi, l^5\, Virlet 1390. 
T-Spccim.: I of 1. Mexico: San Luis Potosi, Aug 
1851, Virlet 1390 [HT: P; IT: US-77382 (fragm.)]. 
DST.: Beli, Guat, Hond, Mcxi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D. E. 

Alha (2000); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Breedlove, D. E. 
(1986); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. 
& A. O. Chater (edilores generates) (1994); Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); McClure, F. A. (1955); Molina R., A. (1975). 
SYN.: Eragrostis intermedia y^r.practermlssa (L.H. Harv.) 

Witherspoon; Eragrostis praetermlssa L.H. Harv. 

Eragrostis hirta E. lourn. var. hirta. 
DST.: Beli, Guat, Hond, Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



Eragrostis hirta var. longiramea (Swallen) Withcrspoon, 

Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64: 328. 1977. Basion>m: 
Eragrostis longiramea S\n alien. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Witherspoon, J. 

T. (1978). 
SYN.: Eragrostis longiramea Swallen. 

Eragrostis hondurcnsis R.W. Pohl, Iowa State J. Res. 54(3): 

319, f. 1. 1980. T-Protol.: Honduras: El Paraiso: 10.5 
km SE of Yuscaran, elev. 550 m, abandoned field near 
a small stream, 3! Dec 1977, Pohl & Gabel 13442 
[HT: ISC-329297; IT: MO]. 
DST.: Hond, Mexi,Nica. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Davidse, G. 

(1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater 
(editores generates) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
L6pez-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 

Eragrostis horizontalls Peter, Rcpert. Spec. Nov. Rcgni Veg. 

Bcih. 40(1 Lief. 2): 107, t. 68, f 2 [in 40 (1, Lief 4), 
1936]. 1930. T-Protol.: D. O.Afr., Ugogo: Garten in 

Dodoma, Peter 46834. 
- Eragrostis cylindriflora Hochst. 



94 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; II. 



Enigroslis hypnoiiics (Lam.) Brilton, Stems & Poggciib., Eragrostis incomtans var. rufescens (Sclirad. e\ Schtill.) 



Prelim. Cat. 69. 1888. Basionym: Poa hypnoides Lam. 

DST.: Aigc, Bcli, Boli, Braz, Caiia, Cari, CuRi, Ecua, ElSa, 

FrGu, Glint, Guya, I loud, Mcxi, Nica, Pana, Para, 
Peru, Suri, USA, Urug, Vcne. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abiams, L. (1923); Adams, C. D. 

(1972); Allcm, A. C. & J. V. M. Vails (1987); Balick, 
M. J., M. II. Nee & D. E. Atha (2000), Beetle, A. A. 
(1977); Bcrcndsolin, W. G. & A. E. Araniva de 
Gonzalez (1991); Boechat, S. C. & II. M Longhi- 
Wagncr (2000), Brako, L. & J. L. Zariicchi (1993); 
Brccdlove, D. i-. (1986); Biirkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, 
A. L. (1970); Catasus Gncrra, L. (1997); Correll, D. 
S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); Cowan, C. P. (1983), 
Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. 
L. Reveal (1977); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., 
M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores generales) 
(1994), Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Rcyna (2000), rernald, M. (1950); Filgueiriis, 
T. S. (1991); Foster, R. C. (1958), Gleason, H. A. & 
A. CronquisL (1968), Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 
(1991); Godlrcy, R. K. &, J. W. Woolen (1979); 
Gould, F. W (1979); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran 
(1981); Great Plains Flora Assoeiation (1986), 
Hickman, J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. (1909); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Hitchcock, C. L., A. 
Cronquist, M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson (1969); 
Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) (1999), 
Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); Liogier, H. & L. Martorell 
(1982); Long, R. W. & O. Lakela (1971); McClure, 
F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. 
(1975); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959), Munz, P. 
A. (1974), Pohl, R. W. (1980), Radford, A. E., H. E. 
Ahles & C. R. Bell (1968); Renvoize, S. A. (1984); 
Rcnvoize, S, A. (1988); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); 
Roscngurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga de Maflci & P. 
Iznguirre dc Artucio (1970); Schwcgman, John E. 
(1991); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 [1979]); Small, J. K. 
(1933); Smith, L. B., D. C. Wasshausen & R. M. 
Klein (1981); Tovar, 6. (1993); Voss, E. G. (1972); 
Wunderlin. R, P, (1998). 

SYN.: Eragrostis reptans var. contractu Doll, Eragrostis 

reptans var. laxior Doll; Eragrostis reptans var. 

pygmaea Doll; Erosion hypnoides (Lam.) Lunell; 
Megastachya brevijlora E. Fourn.; Megastachya 

cory>mbifera E. Fourn.; Megastachya gouiuii E. 
Fourn.; Megastachya gouinii E. Fourn. ex Hemsl.; 

Megastachya hypnoides (Lam.) P, Beauv.; 

Neeragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) X^ws\\\Poa hypnoides 

Lam. 

Eragrostis incana Maury, J. Bot. (Dcsvaux) 3: 163, f 6. 

1889. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Venezuela; Boca del Pao,./ 
Chaffanjon 289 [ST]. 2 of 2. Venezuela: savane 
humidc, Mapire, 7. Chaffanjon 296 [ST]. 
= Status not > ct detennined. 

Eragrostis inconstans Necs, Fl. Bras. Cnum. PI. 2: 495. 1829. 

T-Protof : Brazil: In lapidosis, ad saxa, prope Fanado, 

in minis Novis provinciae Minarum, Mart. s.n. 
NOTE: nom. incorrect; included older name Eragrostis 

rufescens in var. alpha. 

CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis rufescens Schrad. ex Schult. 
= Eragrostis rufescens Schrad. ex Schult. 



Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 495. 1829. Basionym: 

Eragrostis rufescens Schrad, ex Schult. 
NOTE: nom. incorrect, E. rufescens Schrad has priority 

over E. inconstans as the name for the sepcies. 
- Eragrostis rufescens Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis intermedia Hitchc., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 23(10): 

450. 1933. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: San Antonio, in 
moist place in gravel pit, 3 Jul 1910,^.5'. Hitchcock 
5491 [HT: US-1535749]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
Texas: Bexar Co.: San Antonio, 3 Jul 1910,^1.^. 
Hitchcock 5491 [HT: US-1535749; IT: US-908993, 
US-1535750]. 
DST.: Colo, CoRi, Guat, Mexi, USA, 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. 
& A. O. Chater (editores generates) (1994); Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rc\ na 
(2000), Fernald, M. (1950), Gleason, II. A. & A, 
Cronquist (1968), Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 
(1991); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Great 
Plains Flora Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); McClurc, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983), 
Shrcve, F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964); Wunderlin, R. P, 
(1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis lugens var. major Vasey ex L.H. Dewey. 

Eragrostis tnterinedi:) var. appressn Withcrspoon, Ann. 

Missouri Bol. Gard. 64: 325. 1977 [1978], T^Protol.: 
Mexico, Harvey ^ Witherspoon 9344 [HT: US; IT: 
ENCB, MO, MONTU, NY, RM, TAES, W]. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); Witherspoon, J. 

T. (1978). 

Eragrostis intermedia Hitchc. var. intermedia. 
DST.:CoRi, Guat, Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

Eragrostis intermedia var. oreophila (L.H. I larv.) 

Wilherspoon, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64: 326. 1977 
[1978]. Basionym: Eragrostis oreophila LJL Harv. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. K. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); \V ithcrspoon, J. 
T. (1978). 

SYN.: Eragrostis oreophila L.H. Harv. 

Eragrostis intermedia var. praetennissa (L.H, Harv.) 

Witherspoon, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 64; 327. 1977 
[1978]. Basionym: Eragrostis praetennissa h.W. Harv. 
= Eragrostis hirta E. Fourn. 

Eragrostis interrupta (Lam.) Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 157. 1878, 

Basionym: Poa interrupta Lam. 
NOTE: horn, illcg. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis interrupta P. Beauv. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 



Eragrostis interrupta 

Surv, Territ. 4: 
Nutt. 
NOI H: hom. illcg. 



(Nutt.) Trel., Rep. U.S. Geol. Geogr. 
237. 1891. Basionym: /*oa interrupta 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



95 



E. NAME: Eragrostis Interrupta V. Bcauv. 
= Eragrostis sccundillora subsp. oxylepis (Torr.) S.D. 

Koch. 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Marticorena, C. & M. Quczada 

(1985); Nicora, E.G. (1994). 

SYN.: Eragrostis peruviana var. macranthera Skottsb. 



Eragrostis interrupta var. laxiflora Doli, V\. Bras. 2(3): 158. Eragrostis hvaiensis Peter, Rcperl. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 

1878. T-Protol.: Martio ad littora fluminus Amazonum 
repcrla - Etiam in India oriental], in Mosul, Syria, 
Nubia Abyssinia ct in Africa auslrali obvia. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Eragrostis interrupta \ar. parvijlora Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 158. 

1878. T-Protol.: Brazil: Prov. Goias "Goy az\Burche!l 
s.n. 
- Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. 

St.-PcLersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 405. 1830. 
Basionym: Poa japonica Thunb. 
NOTE: Bujjchal considers Eragrostis glonwrata Walter to 

be dist. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cari, CoRi, Ecua, EiSa, Guat, 

Guya, Hond, Mexi, Para, Peru, USA, Urug, Vcnc. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



ALSO ACCP'ID, BY: Baaijcns, G. J. & J. F. Veldkamp 

(1991); Bor, N. L. (I960), Catasus Guerra, L. (1997); 
Cope, T. A, (1992); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Lcon- 
Yanez (eds.) (1999); Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); 
Killccn, T. J. (1990); Phillips, S. (1995); Renvoize, S. 
A. (1984); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1988); Renvoi/e, S. A. 
(1998). 

SYN.: Catabrosa micrantha Hochst. ex A. Rich.; 

Diandrocbloa Jiplachnoides (Sleud.) A.N, Henry; 
Diandrocbloa Japonica (Thunb.) A.N. Henry; 
Diandrochloa namaquensis (Nees ex Schrad.) De 
Winter; Eragrostis aturensis (Kunlh) Trin. ex Stcud.; 
Eragrostis brasiliana Nees; Eragrostis conferta 
(Elliott) Trin,; Eragrostis diplachnoides Stcud.; 
Eragrostis elegans Nees; Eragrostis elegans var. 
laxiflora Arechav.; Eragrostis glomerata (Walter) 
L.H. Dewey; Eragrostis hapalantha Jnu.;Eragrostis 
interrupta (Lam.) Doll; Eragrostis interrupta var. 
laxiflora Doll, Eragrostis interrupta var. parxiflora 
Doll; Eragrostis namaquensis Nees ex S chrad . ; 
Eragrostis namaquensis var. diplachnoides (Stcud.) 
Clayton; Eragrostis pallida Vasey; Glyceria 
micrantha Steud.; Megastachya aturensis (Kiinth) 
Roem. & Schult.; Megastachya brasiliensis Sdiult. 
ex B.D. Jacks.; Megastachya glomerata (Walter) 
Schult.; Poa aturensis Kunlh; Poa brasiliensis 
Sprcng.; Poa glomerata Walter; Poa interrupta 
Lam; Poa japonica Thunb; /-^oa sporoboloides A. 
Rich.; Roshevitzia diplachnoides (Steud.) Tzvelev; 
Roslievitzla glomerata (Walter) Tzvelev; Roshevitzia 
japonica (Thunb.) Jz\c\c\, Sporobolus confertiflorus 
A. Rich.; Sporobolus verticillatus Nees; Vilfa 
conferdflora (A. Rich.) Steud. 

Eragrostis kuschelii Skottsb., Ark. Bot., n.s., 4(15): 485, t. 

21-2,22. 1962 [1963]. 
NOTE: noni. nov., incidental mention in Ark. But., n.s., 

4(12): 417 (1961 [1963]) by Kuschel without citation 
of basionym publication. 
REPLACED NAME: Eragrostis peruviana var. 

macranthera Skottsb. 
DST.:Chil. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 



Beih. 40(1) Anhang: 99. 1930. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Tanzania: W Usambaras. Kwai, Apr \9\\, Eichinger 
3333 [HT: EA; IT: K]. 
= Fleusine multiflura Hochst. ex A. Rich. 

Eraj^rostis lasseri Luces, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 15; 6, f. 

3> 1953. T-Protol. : Venezuela: en formacionos 
xerofilas ca. Maracaibo, 12 Jan 1948, T Lasser 2660 
[HT: VENj. 
DST.: Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC; L 

Eragrostis lehmanniana Nees, F!. Afr. AustraL 111. 402. 

1841. T-Protol.: Ad rupes nudas prope Slengerfontein 
in collibus ad Nieuwe Hantom, alt 4000-5000 ft, Feb, 
Drege sm. T-Spccim.: 1 of L Cap.[ut] b.[onae] sp.[ei], 
Drege [IT: LEj. 

DST.: Arge, Braz, Mexi, USA, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated, introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Bocchat, S. C & H. M. Longhi-Wagncr 
(2000); Boechat, S. C. & P. M. Peterson (1995); Bor, 
N. L. (I960), Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Hickman, J. C (1993); Hitchcock, A. 
S. (1951). 

Eragrostis lehmannii Pilg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 27: 32. 1899. T- 

Protol.: Ecuador: crescit in monlanis pracruptis, niassa 
lava formatis, circa Banos ad tlumen Tunguragua, alt. 
s. m. 1800-2500 n\, Lehmann 5283, 5283 is error for 
5823j Accd. to Chase & Niles, Index Grass Sp. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Ecuador: Circa Banos ad fiumen 
Tunguragua, alt. s.m. 1800-2500 m, F.CXehmann 

5283 (error for 5823) [IT: US-2767406 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis pastocnsis (KuiUh) Trin. 

Eragrostis leptantha Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.- 

Pctcrsbourg, Scr. 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 405. 1830. T- 
Proto!.: V. subsp. Brasilia, in siccis arenosis. T- 
Specim.; 1 of L Brazil: in siccis arenosesum pr. Moji 
[Maji, Majr?, Sao Paulo], 23 Apr, [Riedel s.nj G.K 
vonLangsdorffs.n. [HT: LE-TRIN-2361.01, IT: B.\v\- 

1043 (fragm.), K, LE, LE, LE, M0'211 1 141, P, US- 
2941514 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis mcxicnna (Horncm.) Link. 

Eragrostis Icucosticta Nees ex Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 144. 

1878. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Brazil; in altis auriferis prope 

Itanibc de Matte Dcntro aliisque ejus regionalis locis, 
Apr-May, K.F.P. Martius 5091 [ST: BAA-460L LE- 
TRlN-2362.01, 1ST: US-82041]. 2 of 3. Caldas prov. 
Minarum, Mar, Regnell UL 1413 [ST: P]. 3 of 3. 
Bxdiz:ilSchott4850[^J] 

DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Boechal, S. C & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); DOll, J. C (1878); Filguciras, T. S. 

(1999), Rcnvoize, S. A. (lOSS). 

Eragrostis limhata E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 27: 295. 

1880. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 



96 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



= Eragrostis mexicana subsp. mexicana. 

Eragrostis limhaia E. Foum., Mexic. PI. 2; 116. 1886. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 5. Mexico: in Scopuloris Regnii 
Mexicana, 1070 nit, 1833,^.J./1. BonpIanJ 4573 [LT: 



//.// Bardett 10910 [HT: US-1501524; IT: Gil, 
MICH, US-1 61 n 56, US-3 1 60925]. 
= Eragrostis hirta var. locigiramea (Swallen) 

Witherspoon. 



LJS-2941517 (fragm.)], LT designated by ?; cited by Eragrostis lugens Nces, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pi. 2: 505-506 



McVaugh, FI. Novo-Galic. 14: 168 (1983). 2 of 5. 
Mexico: Veracruz: 1070 mt, 20 Jul 1865, E.P. 
Fournier 266 [ST: US-2941518 (fragm.)]. 3 of 5. 
Mexico; Vallee Mexico, 7.i. Bcrlam/icr 765 [ST: US- 
2850913]. 4 of 5. Mexico: Tacubaya,W'.-5c/?a#?cr 72 
[ST: US-2850914 (fragm.)]. 5 of 5. Mexico: Cerro de 
Ids Banos, Vallc de Mexico, 7 July 1865,£. Bourgeau 
^57 [ST: US-91 1297 (fragm.)]. 
NOTE: cites Poa eragrostis Willd. msc. in herb. Mus. 

Pnrr.j. 
= Eragrostis mexicana subsp. mexicana. 

Eragrostis Umhata var. major E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 116. 

1886. T-Specini.: I of 3, Mt\\co,J.LBerIandier 935 
[ST: P; 1ST: US-28509I1 (fragm.)]. 2 of 3. Mexico: 
Region de Orizaba, 12 Jul IS66, E.Bourgeai^ 2635 
[ST: US-1614955]. 3 of 3. Mexico; San Luis de Potosi, 
M. Vlrlct D'Aouxt 1386 [ST: P; 1ST: US-2850912 
(fragm.), US-2941516 (fragm.)]. 
NOIF: E, tephrosanthos Sleud. in part, in: Biol. Cent.- 

AmerBot. 3:573(1883). 
= Eragrostis mexicana (Flornem.) Link. 

Eragrostis lindeniuna Steud., S>n. PI. Glumac. 1: 278. 1854. 

T-ProtoL: Venezuela "N. Granada": Carabobo,I/Wcvt 
1554, T-Specim.: 1 of L Venezuela; Carabobo, 
J.LLindcn 1554 [IT; US-2941520 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunth) Steud. 

Eragrostis lindwanii Hack., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk. Acad. 

Ilandl. 34(6): 19, t. lOA. 1900. T-Protol.: Hab. in 
Brasilia austr., Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, in 
pascuis siccioribus (campo dictis), mens Sept. florens 
cl fructificans, Exp. 1 RegnelL, A, 267 [HT: S]. T- 
Spccim.; 1 of 1. Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul, Regnel! A, 
267 [HT: S; IT; P (large plant only), US-703 146]. 

NOTE: as Eragrostis "Lindmani". 

= Eragrostis nccsii var. lindmanii (Hack.) Ekman. 

Eragrostis linkii (Kimth) Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. I: 273. 

1854. Basionym: Poa linkii Kunth. 
NOTE; riom. illeg. superfl. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis fd if ormis Link. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Eragrostis longeradiata Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 272. 

1854. T-Protol.: USA: Carolina,M^. Curtis s.n. 
- Eragrostis rcfracta (Muhl, ex Elliott) Scribn. 

Eragrostis longipila Hack., Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. 

Buenos Aires 21: 132. 1911. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
Rioja: Dcp. San Martin: Estancia La Diana, 3 Mar 
1907, Sfvckert 17090^ T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Argentina: 
La Rioja, 3 Mar 1907, TJ.V. Stuckert 17090 (STUCK. 
HERB. NO.) [IT: B.\A (fragm.), CORD, SI, US- 
91182LUS-2941521]. 
= Eragrostis orthoclada Hack. 

Eragrostis longiramca Swallen, J. Wash. Acad. Set. 21(17): 

437. 1^3 1 . T-Proto!.: Mexico: Tamaulipas: on Pico del 
Diablo, vicinity of Marmolejo, Sierra de San Carlos, 
12 Aug 1930, /7 //. Bartlett 10910 [HT: US-1501524]. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Tamaulipas, 12 Aug 1930, 



1829. T-Protol.: Habitat ad Monte-video et in 
confmibus regni Paraguayan!, 5't'//ow x/i. [HT: B]. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Uruguay: Montevideo, no datc,F. 
Sclloyv s.n, [LT: US-732957, ILT: B, BM (possible) 
BAA-2932], LT designated by Witherspoon, Ph. D. 
thesis (1975) [not effcctivly published]; sheet label 
cites location as Brazil. 
DST.: Argc, Boli, Bra/., Chil, Ecua, EiSa, Guat, Mexi, Para, 

Peru, USA, Urug, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allem, A. C. & J. F. M. Vails 

(1987); Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. (1977); 

Berendsohn, W. G. & A. E, Araniva de Conzdlez 

(1991), Boechal, S. C. & H. M. Loaghi-Wagner 

(2000), Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Burkart, A. (1969); 

Cabrera, A. L. (1970); Correll, D. S. & M. C. 

Johnston (1970); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., 

M. Sousa S. & A, O. Chater (editores gcnerales) 

(1994); Doll, J. C. (1878), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 

L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Filgueiras, T. S. (1999); Foster, R. C. (1958); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Hilehcock, A. S. (1951); 

Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Le6n-Yanez (cds.) (1999); 

Killeen, T. I (1990); Macbridc, J. F. (1936); 

McClure, F. A. (1955); Nicora, E. G., M. E. De 

Paula, A. M. Faggi, M. del C. Mariano, A. M. Miante 

A., L. R. Parodi, C. A. Pelctin, F. A. Roig & Z. 

Rugolo de Agrasar (1978); Radford, A. E., H. E. 

Ahles & C, R. Bell (1968); Renvoize, S. A. (1984); 

Renvoize, S. A. (1988); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); 

Rosengurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga de MalTei & P. 

Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); Small, J. K. (1933); 

Sinith, L. B., D. C. Wasshausen & R. M. Klein 

(1981); Tovar, 6. (1993); Wunderlin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.; Eragrostis Jlaccida Lindm.; Eragrostis lugens fo. 

pallida Hack.; Eragrostis lugens subsp. Jlaccida 

(Lindm.) Hack.; Eragrostis lugens subsp. lugens; 

Eragrostis lugens var. glabrata Dol I , Eragrostis 

lugens var. glahrescens Doll, Eragrostis pilosa var. 

lugens (Nees) Griseb.; Eragrostis pilosa var. lugens 
Kuntze; Poa lugens (Nees) Kunth, 

Eragrostis lugens subsp. Jlaccida (Lindm.) Hack., Anales 

Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 21; 134. 1911. Basionym: 
Eragrostis Jlaccida Lindm. 
~ Eragrostis lugens Nees. 

Eragrostis lugens var. glabrata D6\\, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 141. 

1878. T-Protok: BnxzilRegnell s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Brazil: Minas Gcrais, 2 Nov l^6\,A.F. Regnell Ex. 
Herb. Regfj. Ser. 3 No. 1404 [ILT: US-9I1911], LT 

designated by ?. 

= Eragrostis lugens Nees. 

Eragrostis lugens war. glahrescens Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 140. 

1878. T-Protol.: Brasilia: ad Curvello et ad Lagoa 
Santa ejusd. provinciac, Wamu'ng s.n., also cites 
RcgncH and Wcddell collections. T-Spccim.: ! of 1. 
Brazil, 20 Mar 1868, ^.F. Regnell 1405 [ILT: US- 
91 1912, US-91 1847 (fragm.)], LT designated by ?. 
= Eragrostis lugens Nees. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



97 



Eragrostis lugens var. major Vascy ex L.H. Dcwcy, Contr. 

U.S. Natl. Herb. 2(3); 542. 1894. T-Protul.: USA: Low 



» » 



prairies. 
= Eragrostis intermedia Hitclic. 

Eragrostis lugens fo. pallida Hack., Analcs Mus. Nac. 

Buenos Aires 21: 134. 1911. T-Protol.: Argentina: 

Carnerillo, F.C. And., Dep. Rio IV. C, Stuckert 20053. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Argentina: Rio Negro, Apr 1909, 
TJT^ Stuckert 20053 [IT: US-2941522 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis lugens Nees. 

Eragrostis lugens \(ir,viIlosa Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 140. 1878. 

T-ProtoL: Brazil, no collection specified for this van 
= Era<;rostis polytritha Nees. 

Erai^rostis lurida J. Presl, Rcliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 276. 1830. 

T-Protol.: Hab. in montanes Peruviae, //acviXe s.n. T- 
Specini.: 1 of 1. Peru, T. Ilaenke s.n. [IIT: PR; IT: 
MO-21 1 1 146, US-2941523 (fragm.)]. 

DST.: Argc, Boli, Ecua, Peru. 

LVL. ACCPTC-: 1. 

ALSO ACCPfD. BY: Foster, R. C. (1958); Hitchcock, A. 



Eragrostis magna Ilitchc, Contr. U.S. NatL Herb. 24(8): 

341. 1927. T-Protol.: Peru: collected on steep rocky 

grasslands at Huacachi Estacion near Muna, alt. 2000 

m, 20 May to 1 June 1923, IF. Macbride 4069 [HT: 

F-535136], T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Peru: near Muna, 20 

May-1 Jun 1923, J.K MacBride 4069 [HT: F-535136; 

IT:US-]256382J. 
DST.: Peru. 

LVLACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Macbride, 

J, F. (1936);Tovar, 6. (1993). 

Eragrostis major Host, Icon. Descr. Gram. Austriac. 4: 14, t. 

24. 1809. 
NOTE; nom. nov., cites Briza eragrostis L. 
REPLACED NAME: Briza eragrostis L. 
= Eragrostis ciiianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis major Wo^i,]:\. Avisin^xz. 1: 135. 1827. 
NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis major I lost. 

= Eragrostis ciiianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 



S. (1927); Jorgcnsen, P. M. & C. Ulloa U. (1994); Eragrostis mattogro.^scnsis VW^.^Bot Jahrb. Syst. 30(1): 140. 



J0rgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) (1999); 
Macbride, J. F. (1936); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); 
Tovar, 6. (1993). 
SYN.: Eragrostis bahiensis var. boliviensis Ilcnrard; 

Eragrostis contracta Pilg.; Eragrostis contristata 
Meyen; Poa lurida (J. Presl) Kunth. 

Eragrostis luzonie ns is Stcud,, Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 266. 1854. 

T-Protol.: Ins. Luzon, Cuming. 1416. T-Spccini.: 1 of 
1. Philippines: Luzon, H. Cuming 1416 [T: L]. 
= Eragrostis gangetica (Roxb.) Steud. 

Eragrostis macra JedwabJi., Bot. Arch 5(3-4): 200. 1924. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of 6. Brazil: without further locality 
information, 3 Nov \U1,A.FM Glaziou 16624 [ST: 
C, US-289924, US-1280048, US-1280047]. 2 of 6. 



1902. T-Protol.: Brasil: 



Mattogrosso: 



zerslreut 



zwischenSandstciiiblocken ain trocknen Uferrand des 
Quellflusses des Ronuro, May 1899,//. Meyer 558. T- 
Specinr.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Mato Grosso: Ronuro, May 
1899, H.Meyer 588 [IT: US-2767405 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis solida Nees. 

Eragrostis mattogrossensis fo.glabrescens Pilg., Bot. Jahrb. 

Syst. 30(1): 141. 1902. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Brazil: 
Mattogrosso: zerstreut an sandigen. offener Stellcn im 
Serrado bei Cuyaba, Feb 1899,// Meyer 223 [ST: 
BAA-1049 (fragm. ex B)]. 2 of 2. Brazil: Mattogrosso: 
auf offener Sandflache an dcr Bandeira bei Cuyaba, 
Mar 1 899, //. Meyer 336 [ST], 
= Eragrostis solida Nees. 



Brazil, loco non imiicAio, Glaziou 16623 [ST: C]. 3 of Eragrostis maxima E. Foum., Mexic. PI. 2: 1 14. 1886. T- 



6. Brazil: Santa Catarina: ad Itajahy, Schenck 1093 
[ST]. 4 of 6, Paraguay: loco non mdlcdio, Fiebrig s.n. 
[ST]. 5 of 6. Paraguay: in Sierra Amambay, Hassler 
9973 [ST: B, BAA-1035 (fragm, ex B), K, LIL- 
45973]. 6 of 6. Paraguay: in Sierra Amambay,//-:/.y.y/er 
1 1638 [ST]. 
= Eragrostis bahiensis Sclirad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis macropoda Pilg., Symb. Antill. 4: 106. 1903. T- 

Protol.: Porto Rico: Bayamon in litoralibus ad Catano, 
Sintensis 1233. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Puerto Rico: 
Batamon, in litoralibus ad Catafio, 27 Mar 1885, 
FE.E Sintenis 1233 [HT [ST?]: B; IT: NY-70977, 
US-821975, US-2941525 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis clliottii S. Watson. 

Eragrostis macrothyrsu Hack., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni 

Veg. 8: 47. 1910. T-Protol.: Paraguay scpten. a. 1909, 
Fiebrig 5166 [HT: Hb. Hassler]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Paraguay: Paraguay scptcnlrionale, Sep 1909, K. 
Fiebrig 5166 [IT: BAA-1047, K, US-1099649, US- 

2764900]. 
DST.:Boli, Braz, Para. 

LVL. ACCPIC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & 11. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); Boechat, S. C. & P. M. Peterson 
(1995); Killcen, T. I (1990); Renvoize, S. A. (1998). 



Spccim.: 1 of 3. Mexico: S. Jean d'UIloa, Goz^//? 91 
[ST: US-A2767419]. 2 of 3, Mexico: St. Agustin, Oct 

1842, F.M. Liebmann 482 [ST: US-207541]. 3 of 3. 
Saint-Dominique, Por7^au.y./7. [ST: Herb. Juss.]. 

NOTE: hom. illeg.; also E. maxima Fourn. in Ilclmsley, 

Biol. Centr. Amcr. Bot. 3: 574 (1885). 

E. NAME: Eragrostis maxima Baker. 

= Eragrostis prolifcra (Sw) Stcud. 

Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunth) Steud., Syn. PI. Ghmiac. 1: 

276. 1854. Basionym: Poa maypurensis Kunlh. 
DST.: Beli, Boli, Braz, Colo, CoRi, ElSa, FrGu, Guat, 

Guya, Hond, Mexi, Nica, Pana, Peru, Suri, USA, 

Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D. E. 

Atha (2000); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Berendsohn, W. 

G. & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); Boechat, S. 

C. & H. M. Lunghi-Wagncr (2000), Brake, L. & J. L. 

Zarucchi (1993); Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Cowan, C. 

P. (1983); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa 

S- & A. 0. Chatcr (editores gencrales) (1994); D^ll, 

J. C. (1878); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, 

and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Filguciras, T. S. (1991); 

Filgueiras, T. S. (1999); Foster, R. C. (1958); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1927), Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); 

Killccn, T. J. (1990); McChire, F. A. (1955); 



98 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. (1975); Nelson, 
C. (1978), Pohl, R. W. (1980); Rcnvolzc, S. A. 
(1984), Rcycs-Garcia, A. & M. Sousa S. (1997); 
Tovar,6. (1993). 

SYN.: Eragroslis acuminata Doll; Eragrostis amoena J. 

Prcsl; Eragrostis linderiiana Steud.; Eragrostis 
maypurcusis (Kunth) Doll; Eragrostis maypurcnsis 
var. dertsiuscuh Pilg.; Eragrostis maypurcnsis var. 

meratiana (Kunth) Pilg.; Eragrostis meratiana 
(Knnlli) Stend.; Eragrostis panamensis J. PresI; 
Eragrostis vahlii (Roeni. & Schult.) ^tt^\ Eragrostis 
vahlii var. polyantha Doll, Megastachya amoena E. 
Fourn. ex Hemsl.; Megastachya maypurcnsis (Kunlli) 
Rocin. & Schuh.; Megastachya panamensis (J. Prcsl) 
E. Fourn.; Megastachya panamensis E. Fourn. ex 
flemsL; Megastachya swainsonii Raddi; Poa 
maypurcnsis Kunlli; Poa racemosa Vahl; Poa 
squarrosa Salzm. ex Stcud.; Poa vahlii Rocni. & 
Schult. 

Eragrostis maypurcnsis (Kunth) Doll, Fl. Bras. Enuni. PI. 

2(3): 153. I'il^. ^2iS\owy\\r. Poa maypurcnsis K.\m\\i. 
NOTE: isonyni. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis maypurcnsis (Y.\\x\{\\) Steud. 
= Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunth) .Steud. 

Eragrostis maypurensis var. densiuscula Pilg., Dot. Jahrb. 

Syst. 70: 349, 1939. T-Protol.: Brazil: S3o Paule: rio 
Clare, auf Canipo, Jun \&^2,Ldfgren 376. T-Specim,; 
1 of 1. Brazil: Sao Paulo, 5 Jun 1888,^. Loefgren 576 
[IT: US-9n855]. 

= Eragrostis maypurcnsis (Kunth) Stcud. 

Eragrostis maypurensis var. meratiana (Kunth) Pilg., Bot. 

Jahrb. Syst. 70: 348. 1939. Basionym:/*oa meratiana 
Kunlh. 
= Eragrostis maypurcnsis (Kunth) Steud. 

Eragrostis megapotamica (Sjircng ) Schult., Mant. 3(add. I): 

617. 1827. Basion}tn: Poa megapotamica Sprcng. 
= Eragrostis piirpiirascens (Sprcng.) Schult. 

Eragrostis megastachya (Koclcr) Link, Ilort. Berol. 1: 187. 

1827, Basionyn:!: Poa megastachya Koeler. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis megastachya var. cilianensis (All) Asch. & 

Graebn., Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 37 L 1900. Basionym: 

Poa cilianensis All. 

= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis megastachya fo. nana Lorcntz & NiederL, Expcd. 

Rio Negro, Bot. 272. 188). T-Protol.: Argentina. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis fnendozina (Phil.) Jcdwabn., Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 

192. 1924. Basionym: Ipnum mendocinum Phil. 
= Lcptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nces. 

Eragrostis meratiana (Kunth) Steud., Syn. PL Glumac. 1: 

276. 1854. Basionym: Poa meratiana Kunih. 
= Eragrostis maypurcnsis (Kunth) Steud. 

Eragrostis mexicana (llornem.) Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 190. 

1827. Basionjni: Poa mexicana Ilorncm. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cana, Chil, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, 

Hond, Mcxi, Nica, Pana, Peru, USA, Urug, Venc. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Anonymous 

(1986), Beetle, A. A. (1977); Bcrendsohn, W. G. & 



A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); Brako, L. & J. L. 
Zarucchi (1993), Brccdiove, D. E. (1986), Corrcll, D. 
S. & M. C. Johnston (1970), Davidse, G. (1994); 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chatcr (editores 
gcncralcs) (1994); Doll, J. C. (1878); Edgar, E., 11. E. 
Connor & J. E. Shand (1991); Espcjo Soma, A., A. 
R. L6pcZ'Fcrrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); 
Fernald, M. (1950); Foster, R. C. (1958), Gleason, H. 
A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, II. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1991); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 
Jorgensen, R M. & S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) (1999), 
Kerguelen, M. (1993); Koch, S. D. (1978); 
Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & P. Bentley (1987); 
Marticorena, C. & M. Q^^ezada (1985), McCIure, F. 
A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. 
(1975); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. 
A. (1974), Nicora, E. G., M. E. Dc Paula, A. M. 
Faggi, M. del C. Mariano, A. M. Miante A., L. R. 
Parodi, C> A. Petctin, F. A. Roig & Z. Rugolo dc 
Agrasar (1978); Pohl, R. W. (1980); Porter, D. M. 
(1983); Rccder, J. R. & C. G. Reeder (1971); Slircve, 
F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964); Tovar, 6. (1993); 
Wiggins, L L. & D. M. Porter (1971); Wunderlin, R. 
P. (1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis alba J. Presl; Eragrostis chilensis (Moris) 

Nees; Eragrostis cordobensis Jedvvabn.; Eragrostis 
leptantha Trin.; Eragrostis limhata E. Fourn.; 
Eragrostis Umbata var, major E, Fourn.; Eragrostis 
mexicana var. pygmaea DO II; Eragrostis pauciflora 
Trin. ex E. Fourn.; Eragrostis paucijlora Trin, ex E. 
Fourn. ex Hemsl. ; Eragrostis purshii var. major E. 
Fourn.; Eragrostis rahmeri Phil.; Poa chilensis 
Moris; Poa mexicana Ilorncm. 

Eragrostis mexicana (llornem.) Link subsp. mexicana. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cana, Chil, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, 

Hond, Mexi, Nica, Pana, Peru, USA, Urug, Vene, 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000), Brako, L & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 

Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 

O. Chatcr (editores generates) (1994); Hickman, J. C. 

(1993); Sanchez Vega, L & S. D, Koch (1988). 

SYN.: Eragrostis Umbata E. Vowm.\ Eragroslis Umbata E. 

Fourn.; Eragrostis mexicana var. mexicana; 

Eragrosfis neomcxieana Vascy ex L.I I. Dewey. 

Eragrostis mexicana \ar. pilosior Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 143. 

1878, T-Prolol.: Uruguay: Prope Montevideo, &//o 
s.n. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Doll, J. C. (1 878), 
= Status not yet determined. 



Eragrostis mexicana \^r. pygmaea Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 143. 

1878. T-Protol.: Uruguay: Prope Montevideo, 5f//o 

SM. 

= Eragrostis mexicana (Horncm ) Link. 

Eragrostis mexicana suhsp vircsccns (J. Presl) S.D. Koch 

& Sdnchez Vega, Phytulogia 58: 380. 1985. 
Basionym: Eragrostis virescens J. Presl. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cana, Chil, Lena. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Boechat, S. C. 

& H. M Longhi-Wagner (2000); Brako, L. & J. L. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



99 



Zanicchi (1993); Espejo Soma, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Hickman, J. C. 
(1993); Sanchez Vega, I. & S. D. Koch (1988). 
SYN,: Eragrostis cordobensis Jcdwabn,; Eragrostis 

delicaiula Trin.; Eragrostis leptanlha Triii.; 
Eragrosiis orcuttiana Vascy; Eragrostis pilosa var. 
delicaiula (Trin.) Hack.; Eragrostis rahmeri Phil.; 
Eragrostis viresccns J. Prcsl; Poa virescens (J. Presl) 
Kuiith. 

Eragrostis microstachya (Link) Link, Hort. Bcrol. 2: 294. 



1933. Basionym: Poa microstachya Link. 



F 



grostis bahicnsi 



Schrad. ex Schult. 



Eragrostis minor Host, Icon. Dcscr. Grani. Austriac. 4: 15. 

1809. 

REPLACED NAME: Poa eragrostis L. 

BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) P. Bcauv. 

DST.: Argc, Braz, Cana, Mexi, USA, Urug, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPIC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Boechat, S. C. 

& 11. M. Longhi-Wagner (2000); Burkait, A. (1969); 
Cabrera, A. L. (1970); Cope, T. A. (1992); Edgar, E., 
H. E. Connor & J. E. Shand (1991); Gibbs Russell, 
G- E, W. G. Wclniaiv E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman, G. 
Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 



Eragrostis niontufari (Kunlh) Steud., Nomcncl. Bol. (cd. 2) 

1: 563. 1840. Basionym: Poa mo}itufari¥.u\\{\\. 
NOTE: see also Eragrostis monlufari (Kunth) Stcud., S)'n. 

PL Glum. 1:275(1854), isonym. 
= Eragrostis pastocnsis (Kunth) Trin. 

Eragrostis moritzii Jcdwabn., Bot. Arch. 4: 328. 1923. T- 

Protol.: Venezuela, Merida, in dcr Alpinen Region, 
Moritz 1570. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Venezuela: Merida, 
J.IV.K. Moritz 1570 [IT: US-2941535 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis mokcnsis Pilg. 

Eragrostis multicaulis ^Icud,, Syn. PL Cjlumac. I: 426. 1854. 

T-ProtoL: Japonia. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Eragrostis multiflora (Forssk.) Asch., PL Brandenburg 1: 

84!. 1864, Basionym: Poa multiflora Forssk, 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 
E. NAME: Eragrostis multiflora Trin, 

= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis multiflora \dj. cilianensis (AIL) Maire, Bull, Soc. 

HisL Nat. Afrique N. 30: 369. 1939. Basionym; /^ot^ 
cilianensis All. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 



Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Gleason, H. A. & A. Eragrostis multiflora var. glandulifera Chiov., Annuario 
Cronquist (1991); Great Plains Flora Association 



(1986); Hickman, J. C. (1993); Kerguelen, M. 
(1993); Koch, S. D. (1978); Phillips, S. (1995); 

Wundcrlin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) H. Karst.; Eragrostis 

eragrostis (L.) P. Beauv.; Eragrostis eragrostis var. 
microstachya (Coss. & Germ.) Farw.; Eragrostis 
multiflora var. pappiana Ch'xoy .; Eragrostis pappiana 
(Chiov.) Chiov.; Eragrostis pilosa var. minor (Host) 
Kuntze; Eragrostis poaeoides P. Beauv. ex Rocm. & 



Realc 1st. BoL Roma 8: 370. 1908. T-ProtoL: Assaorta: 

lungo il torrentc Iladdas,.^ 261 1. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (AIL) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis multiflora var. insularis A. Terrace, Annuario 

Reale 1st. Bot. Roma 8: 65. 1903. T-ProtoL: 
Arcipelago Dahalak: Isola Dahalak Cumbcibak Ras 
Antalo 11-12 Apr 1892, Terracciano 778 [HT: 
Roman!]. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 



Schull.; Eragrostis poaeoides var. laxiflora Doll; Eragrostis multiflora \?is, pappiana C\\\o\., Annmxlo Kt^\t 

Eragrostis poiformis U\±\ Eragrostis vulgaris Coss. jst. Bot. Roma 8: 65. 1903. T-ProtoL: Samhar: Saati, 8 

& Germ.; Eragrostis vulgaris J. Prcsl ex Stcud.; 

Eragrostis vidgaris subsp. poaeoides (P. Beauv. ex 

Roem. & Schult) R.C.V. V>v>\.\\w, Eragrostis vidgaris 

var. microstachya Coss. & Gtxm; Poa eragrostis L.; 

Poa poaciodes P. Beauv. 



Eragrostis minor var. megastachya (Koeler) Burtt Da\ y, Fl. 

W. Calif. 60. 1901. Basionym: Poa megastachya 

Koeler. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (AIL) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis minor var. suaveolans (A.K, Becker ex Claus) 

Schmalh , Izv. Imp. Bot. Sada Petra Vclikago 
14(Suppl. 2): 68. 1915. Basionym: Eragrostis 
suaveolens A.K. Becker ex Claus. 



Eragrostis 



veolcns A.K. Becker ex Claus. 



Eragrostis mokcnsis Pilg., Bot Jahrb. SysL 51(3-4): 419. 

1914. T-ProtoL: Fernando Po: Grasland (Bergweiden) 
von Moka im Siidosten der Insel, 1200-1800 m, Nov 
1911, Mildbraed 7102, T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Equatorial 
Guinea: Fernando Po, no date, J. Mildbraed 7102 [Hf : 
B;1T: US-2941533]. 

DST.: Braz, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 
Wagner (2000); Boechat, S, C. & P. M. Peterson 

(1995). 
SYN.: Eragrostis moritzii Jcdwabn. 



Mar 1 892, Terracciano A Pappi 2868 [HT: P]. 
= Eragrostis minor Host. 

Eragrostis multiflora var. subbiloba Chiov., Annuario Reale 

1st. Bot. Roma 8: 370. 1908. T-Specim.: 1 of 12. 

Dembclas: Dintorni di Ferfer, Pappi 6156 [ST]. 2 of 

12. Dembclas: lunge tl Mai Makatar,/**^/?/?/ 6057 [ST]. 

3 of 12. Dembclas: Mai G\<i\ym. Pappi 6625 [ST], 4 of 

12. Beni Amer: Monte Dumba, Pappi 5964 [ST]. 5 of 

12. Bcni Amer: Carajai, Pappi 6186 [ST]. 6 of 12. 

Bcni Amer: Carajai, Pappi 6346 [ST]. 7 of 12. Beni 

Amer: Carajai, Pappi 6374 [ST]. 8 of 12. Beni Amer: 

Carajai, Pappi 6641 [ST]. 9 of 12. Beni Amer: lungo il 

flume Scetel presso DaluL Pappi 6453 [S'lj. 10 of 12. 

Sarae: lungo il flume Mareb presso Debar ro?L, Pappi 

412 [ST]. 11 of 12. Mcdriod Tesfa: Mumat Mahader, 

Pappi 6675 [ST]. 12 of 12. Medriod TesfS: Mumat 

Mahader, Pappi 7248 [ST]. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis multipes S. Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 4: 

511. 1895. T-ProloL: Brazil; Hab. In cacumine 
montium Serra de Chapada prope Santa Anna dc 
Chapada, Matto Grosso Expcd, Spencer Le M. Moore, 
Botanist 13! [IVY: BMl 
= Eragrostis rufescens var. rufescens. 

Eragrostis multipilosa Hochst. ex Mattel, Boll. Reale Orto 

Bot Giardino Colon. Palermo 7: 29-36. 1909. T- 



100 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Pmlol.: Ethiopia, Schimper I17.= Herb. Buchinger 
772,PiexAgow2279[\'Y\Y.l 
5= Eragrostis cylindrifloru Itoclist. 

Eragrostis uamaquemis Nees ex Schrad., Linnaea 12(4): 

452. 1838. T-ProtuL: Cap. b. sp., Drege s.n. T- 
Specim.; 1 of 1. Soulh Africa: Namaqualand, Dz-Jge 
2569 [I IT: B, IT: K,P, PRE (fragm. ex B)]. 
= Era^rostii japonica (Thunb.) TriiL 

Eragrostis namaqiiensis \:M:.clip!acluwidcs (Steud.) Clayton, 

Kcw Bull, 25(2): 251. 1971. B;\s\onym: Eragrostis 
diplachnoides Stcud. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Eragrostis ncesii Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.- 

Pctcrsbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Maili. 1(4): 405. 1830. T- 
Prolol.: V. subsp. Brasilia. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: 

Brasilia mcridionalis, F.Sellow [IIT: LE-TRIN- 
2369.02; IT: US^27674 12 (fragm.)]. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Para, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bocchat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagncr (2000); Burkart, A. (1969); Doll, J. C. 

(1878); Killcen, T. J. (1990); Renvoize, S. A. (19K8); 

Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Rosengurlt, B., B. R. 

Arrillaga de Maffei & P. Izagulrre de Artucio (1970). 
SYN.: Eragrostis villosa Salzin. ex Stcud,, Poa neesii 

(Trin.) Kunth. 

Eragrostis nccsii var. cxpaiisillora Nicora, Rcvista Argent. 

Agron. 7: 258, 265, f. 3. 1940. T-Protol.: Argentina: 

Santa Fd: costa, en pradcras virgencs, 3 Jul 1938,^. 
Burkart 9061 [HT: SI]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Argentina: 
Santa F6: costa, en pradereas virgenes con Acacia 
cavenia, Trifolium polymorphitm, Poly gala linoicies, 
Ornilhnpus micranthis y Dichondra repens, 3 Jul 
1938, A. Burkhart 9061 [HT: SI; !T: BAA]. 
DST,: Arge, Para. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY. Burkart, A. (1969). 

Eragrostis neesii \2ir. laxa Jedwabn,, Dot. Arch. 5(3-4): 206. 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); Burkart, A. (1969); Longhi-Wagncr, 

H. M. & I. I. Boldrini (1988), Rosengurtt, B., B. R. 

Arrillaga de Maffei & P. Izaguirrc de Artucio (1970). 

Eragrostis neomexicana Vasey ex L.II. Dcwcy, Contr. U.S. 

Natl. Herb. 2(3): 542. 1894. T-Protol.: USA: Mountain 
sides, western Texas to soulliern California. T- 
Specini.: I of 2. USA: New Mexico: Dona Ana Co., 
1881, G.R. Vasey s.n. [IT: BAA-1061, US-822049. 
US-909912, US-1761631]. 2 of 2. USA: New Mexico, 
Vasey s.n, [LT: US], LT designated by Koch & 
Sanchez, Phytologia 58: 379 (1985). 
= Eragrostis mexicana subsp mcxicana. 

Eragrostis nigricans (Kunth) Sleud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 

1: 563. 1840. Basionym: Poa nigricans Kunth. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Chil, Ecua, Peru. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 

Foster, R. C (1958); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 

Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Lcon-Yanez (eds.) (1999); 

Macbridc, J. F. (1936); Marlicorcna, C & M. 

Quezada (1985); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Tovar, 6. 

(1993). 
S\TNf.: Eragrostis nigricans var. tristis (Jedwabn.) Pilg.; 

Eragrostis subatra Jedwabn.; Eragrostis tristis 

Jedwabn., Megastachya nigricans (Kunth) Roeni. & 

Scluilt.; Poa atrovirens Willd. ex Spreng.; Poa 

nigricans Kunth. 

Eragrostis nigricans (Kunth) Stcud. var. nigricans. 
DST.: Boli, Chil, Ecua, Peru. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



Eragrostis nigricans var. punensis Nicora, Boissiera 54: 65, 

f. 16. 1998. T-Protol.: Argentina: Prov. Jujuy: Dpto. 
Tutnbaya: subida de Purmamarca al Abra de Pives, 
3800 in, 24 Apr \91S,A.L. Cabrera ct al 26$S2 [HT: 

S!]. 
DST.: Arge, Chit. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 



1924. T-Specini.: 1 of 6. Paraguay: inter Rio Apa et Eragrostis nigricans var. tristis (Jedwabn.) Pilg., Notizbl. 



Rio Aquidaban, 1908-1909,/^. Fiebrig 5106 [ST: G, 
US-1645643]. 2 of 6, Brazil: loco non indicate, 
Glaziou 20143 [ST]. 3 of 6. Brazil: loco non indicato, 
F. Sellow s.n. [ST] 4 of 6. Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: 

ad Ncu-Wurttenibcrg, BornmiiUer 401 [ST]. 5 of 6. 
Brazil: Minas Gerais: loco non indicato, MenJonga 
335 [ST]. 6 of 6. Brazil: SSo Paulo: Jacarahy, 
Mendonga 6S4 [ST]. 
- Eragrostis articulata (Schrank) Nees. 

Eragrostis neesii var. lindinanii (Hack.) Ekman, Ark. Bot 



Bot. Cart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 778. 1933. Basionym 

Eragrostis tristis Jedwabn. 
= Eragrostis nigricans (Kunth) Steud. 

Eragrostis nitida (EllioU) Chapni., Fl. Soutli. U.S. 564. 1860 

Basionym: Poa nitida Elliott. 

NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis nitida Link. 

= Eragrostis clliottii S. Watson. 



13(10): 51. 1913. Basionym: Eragrostis lindmanii 

Hack. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Para, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



S. C & U M. Longhi- 



ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Boechat, 

Wagner (2000); Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. 

(1970); Rosengurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga de M^iffci & 

P. Izaguirrc dc Artucio (1970). 
SYN,: Eragrostis lindmanii Hack. 



Eragrostis nccsji Trin. var neesii. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Para, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



Eragrostis nuttalliana Steud., Nonrcncl. Bot. (ed, 2) 1: 563. 

1840. 
NOTE: nom. wow., nom. illeg. superfl. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa icnclla Nutt. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa tcncUa L. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis hrizoides Schult. 
= Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis obtusiflora (E. Fourn.) Scribn., Bull. Div. 

Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 8: 10, t. 5. 1897. Basionym: 
Brizopyrum obtusijlorum E. Fourn. 

DST.:Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



101 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); McVaugh, R. (1983). 

SYN.: Brizopyrum obtusiflorum E. Fourn. 



Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Colima, Colima, 9 Jan-6 Feb 
1891, E. Palmer 1268 [HT: US-1749579; IT: NY- 
277651, NY-277652;US-91 1251]. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 



Eragrostis olmedoi (Kunth) Steud., Nomencl Bot, (cd. 2) 1; Eragrostis palmcri S. Watson, Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 



564. 1840. Basionym: Poa olmedoi Kunth. 
= Eragrostis pastoensis (Kunth) Trin. 

Eragrostis orcuitiana Vascy, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(8): 

269. 1893. T-Protol.: USA: California: San Diego, 
1885, C.R. Orcutt 1313 [HT: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: California: Chollus Valley, San Diego, Aug 
1885, Orcutt 1313 [HT: US-1761633; IT: MO- 

2646277]. 
= Eragrostis mexicana subsp. virescens (J. PresI) S.D. 

Koch & Sanchez Vega. 

Eragrostis oreophila L.H. Harv., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

81(5): 407. 1954. T-Protol.: Mexico: Hidalgo: in 
declivitate saxosa ad altitudincm 1500 m, prope Jacala, 
29 Jun 1939, V.H. Chase 7223 1/2 [HT: US-1763115; 
IT: GH, TEX]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Hidalgo: 
Mun. Jacala: mountain ravine, alt. 4500 ft, 29 Jun 



182. 1883. T-Protol.: Mexico: Coahuila: Juarez, on the 
Sabinas River, ni9-\UQ, Edward Palmer 1368. T- 
Spccim.: I of 1. Mexico: Coahuila, Feb 1880-Oct 
1880, £ Palmer 1368 [IT: US-1761635, US-821984]. 
DST.: Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), CorreM, D. S. 

& M. C. Johnston (1970), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951). 
S'^T^,: Eragrostis caudata E. Fourn. 

Eragrostis panamensis L Presl, Rcliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 277. 

1830. T-Protol.: Panama: Hab. in Ptundima, Haenke s.n. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Panama, T.Haenke s.n. [IT: US- 
2850745 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunth) Steud. 



1939, VJL Chase 7223 1/2 [HT: US-17631 15; IT: GH, Eragrostis paniciformis (A. Braun) Steud,, Syn. PI. Glumac. 



1: 268. 1854. Basionym: Poa paniciformis A. Braun. 

DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); Boechat, S. C. & P. M. Peterson 
(1995);Phillips, S. (1995). 

SYN.: Poa paniciformis A. Braun. 

Eragrostis panicoides (J. Presl) Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 

278. 1854. Basionym: Megastachya panicoides J. 

Presl. 

= Lcptochloa panicoides (J. Presl) Hitchc. 

Eragrostis pappiana (Chiov.) Chiov., Annuario Reale 1st. 

Bot. Roma 8(3): 371. 1908. \3^s\onym\ Eragrostis 
multiflora var. pappiana Chiov. 
= Eragrostis minor Host, 

(1995); Burkart, A. (1969); Killeen, T. J. (1990); Eragrostis pappiana var. insularis A. Terrace, ex Chiov., 



MO-1 179378, TEX]. 
= Eragrostis intermedia var. oreophila (L.H. Harv.) 

Witherspoon. 

Eragrostis orthoclada Hack,, Bull. Herb. Boissier, ser. 2, 

4(3): 281. 1904. T-Pruto!.: Paraguay: in arcnosis salsis 
in regione cursus supcrioris fluminis Apa., Jan, 
Ilassler s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Paraguay: in arcnosis 
salsis in regione cursus supcriores fluminis Apa, Jan, 
Ilassler 8347 [ST: BAA-1063 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. 
Paraguay: in arcnosis salsis in regione cursus 
superioris fluminis, Apa, Jan, Hassler 8460 [ST: BAA- 
1066(fragm.), K, P]. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Para. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Boechat, S. C. & H. M, Longhi- 

Wagncr (2000), Boechat, S. C. & P. M. Peterson 



Renvoize, S. A. (1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis longipila Hack.; Eragrostis villamontana 

Jcdwabn. 

Eragrostis ovina Hochst. ex A. Rich., Tent. FI. Abyss. 2: 428. 

1851. T-ProtoL: Abyssinia, Schimper, pi Schimp. 
Abyss., sect. Ill 1 831 [K]. T-Specim.: 1 of L In 



Annuario Reale 1st Bot. Ruma none given, none 

given. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Hamascn: Ghinda, Feb 
1907,.^ 770 [ST]. 2 of 2. Dembcsan: Braucaga, 29 May 
1907,.^ 77f; [ST]. 

NOTE: in Pirotta accd. to Chase & Niles, Index Grass Sp. 

= Eragrostis cilianensis (AIL) Vignolo ex Janch. 



planitie montana Schire, 10 Oct. \^A0, Schimper 1831 Eragrostis pappii Gand., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 66(7): 299- 



[OM: K, LE]. 
NOTE: nom. invaL, as syn. of Poa ovina A. Rich. 
= Eragrostis gangetica (Roxb.) Steud. 

Eragrostis oxylepis (Torr.) Torr., Pacif. Railr. Rep. 4: 156. 

1857. Basionym: Poa oxylepisJon. 
^ Eragrostis sccundiflora subsp. oxylepis (Torr) S.D. 

Koch. 

Eragrostis oxylepis ym. heyrichii (J.G. Sm.) Shinners, Field 

& Lab. 20(1): 34. 1952. Basionym: Eragrostis 

beyrichii J.G. Sm. 
= Eragrostis sccundiflora subsp. oxylepis (Torr.) S.D. 

Koch. 

Eragrostis pallida Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(8). 285. 

1893. T-ProtoL: Mexico: Colima, collected in a ditch, 
9 Jan-6 Feb 19^, Edward Palmer 1268 [HT: US]. T- 



300. 1919 [1920]. T-Protol.: Habitat Africa orient.: 
Erythraea ad Beni Amcr., Pappi 5964. T-Specim.: 1 of 
1. Ethiopia: Eritrea, no date,^. Pappi 5964 [HT: LY; 
IT: US-1445661]. 

NOTE: as Eragrostis "Pappii". 

- Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis parviglumis Wod\st ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 

1: 267. 1854. T-Protol.: Mont. Nilagiri, m Ifohnkr. 
Hrbr. Ind. 936. T-Specim.: 1 of L India orientalis: 
Tamil Nandu, coimbatore, in montibus Nilagiri, 1851, 
Metz 936 [IT: L, LE, LE, US-I127146], 
Ed.R.F.Hohcnaker.l851 [Herb.]. 
= Eragrostis tenuifolia (A. Rich.) Hochst. ex Steud. 

Eragrostis parvula Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 277. 1854. T- 

Protol.: Mexico, T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Mexico^Parry 172 



102 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 




[LT: CN]j LT designated (as holotype) by Koch, 
Biol. Monogr. 48: 44 (1974). 2 of 2. Mexico: M. 
Parreyss, 1845, Parry 127 [IT: US-79704 (fragm.)]. 
NOTE: Accd. to Chase & Niles, Index Grass Sp.,£. purshii 

var. parvida, based on this, but do not hsl they var. in 
their Index. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis purshii var. miserrima E. 

Fourn. 
= Eragrostis pectinaceu var. misorritna (E. Fourn.) 

Reeder. 

Eragrostis pastoensis (Kunth) Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci, 

Saint-Pctcrsbourg, Scr. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci, 

Nat. 4,2(1): 71, 1836. Basionym: Poa pastoensis 

Kunth. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Br;i/,, Colo, Eciia, Peru, Vcne. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPID. BY: Boechat, S. C. & P. M. Peterson 

(1995); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon- 
Yancz (cds.) (1999); Macbride, J. F. (1936); 
Renvoizc, S. A. (1998); Tovar, 6. (1993). 
S^TM.: Eragrostis boliviensis Jcdwabn.; Eragrostis 

biichticnii I lack.; Eragrostis contractd Pilg.; 
Eragrostis khmannii Pilg.; Eragrostis montufari 
(Kunth) Stcud.; Eragrostis olmedoi (Kunth) Stcud.; 
Eragrostis setifolia (Benth.) Stcud.; Eragrostis 
virescens var. trachyphylla i lack.; Eragrostis 
virescens var. trichophylla (Benth.) Hack, ex Stuck.; 
Megastachya montufarii (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.; 
Megastachya olmedoi (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.; 
Megastachya pastoensis (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.; 
Poa montufari Kunth; Poa olmedoi Kunth; Poa 
pastoensis Kuntli, Poa setifolia Bciith. 

Eragrostis patula (Kunth) Stcud,, Nomcncl. Bot. (cd. 2) 1: 

564. 1840. Basionym: Poa patida Kunth. 
DST.: Ecua. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Macbride, J. F. (1936); 
Renvoize, S. A. (1998). 
SYN.: Megastachya patida (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.;/*oa 

patula Kunlh. 
= Status not yet determined. 

Eragrostis pauciflora Trin. ex E. Fourn. ex Hcmsl., Biol. 

Ccnt.-Amer., Bot. 3:575. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis pauciflora Trin. ex E. 

Fourn. 
= Eragrostis iiiexicaiia (Horneni,) Link- 

Eragrostis pauciflora Trin. ex E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 117. 

1886. T-Specim.: 1 of 4, Mexico: Hacienda del Scfior 
Posado pr. Onz^ha, Schaffner pi cd llohen. 51 [ST]. 2 
of 4. Mexico: Veracruz: Hacienda de Scftor Posado pr. 
Orizaba, Thomas sm. [ST: herb. Buchinger]. 3 of 4. 

Mexico: San Luis de Potosi, Virlet 1383 [ST]. 4 of 4. 

Mexico: circa Mcjico, Berlandier 843 [ST]. 
NOTE: cites "£. pauciflora Trin. in schcd., E. nigricans as 

misapl. by Griseb. in sched., non. Kunth. 
= Eragrostis mexicaria (Hornem.) Link. 

Eragrostis pectiiiacea (Miclix.) Nees, Fl. Afr. Austral. 111. 

406. 1841. Basionym; Poa pectlnacea Michx. 
NO IE: Nees clcarlj- accepts Eragrostis pectinaceae 

"Michx.*', provides a diagnosis that corresponds to 



Poa pectinaceae Michx., and the combination is 
etlectively made by indirect citation, 

DST.: Arge, Braz, Cana, Cari, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, FrGu, 

Gnat, Guya, Hond, Mexi, Pana, Para, Peru, Suri, 
USA, Urug, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Berendsohn, 

W. G. & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (i991); Bocchat, 
S. C. & H. M. Longhi-Wagner (2000); Brako, L. & J. 
L. Zarucchi (1993); Cabicra, A. L. (1970), Correll, 
D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. H. 
Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); 
Davidse, G. (1994); Davidsc, G., M. Sousa S. 8l A. 
0. Chatcr (editorcs generalcs) (1994); Espcjo Scma» 
A., A. R. Lopcz-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Fernald, M. (1950); Filguciras, T. S. (1991); Glcason, 
H. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1991); Godfrey, R. K. & J. W, Wooten 
(1979); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Great 
Plains Flora Association (1986); Hitciicock, A. S. 
(1951); Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ovvnbey 
& J. W- Thompson (1969); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. 
Le6n-Yanez (eds.) (1999), Kerguelcn, M. (1993); 
Levin, G. A. & R. Moran (1989); McVaugh, R. 
(1983); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959), Munz, P. 
A. (1974); Pohl, R. W. (1980); Rcnncr, S. S., H. 
Balslcv & L. B. Holm-Niclscn (1990); Reyes-Garcia, 
A. & M. Sousa S. (1997); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 
[1979]); Small, J. K. (1933); Voss, E. G. (1972); 

Wundcrlin, R.P. (1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis hrizoides ^c\\\\\i.\ Eragrostis caroliniana 

(Biehlcr) Scribn.; Eragrostis cognata Stcud.; 
Eragrostis delicatula Trin.; Eragrostis diffusa var. 
diffusa', Eragrostis nuttalliana Stcud., Eragrostis 



peciifiacea 



(Michx.) 



Stcud.; 



Eragrostis 



pennsylvanica Scheele; Eragrostis pilosa var. 
caroliniana (Bichler) Farw.; Eragrostis purshii 
Schrad.; Eragrostis purshii Schrad. ex A. Gray; 
Eragrostis purshii v^r. delicatula Munro ex Scribn.; 

Eragrostis purshii var. pauciflora E. Fourn.; 
Eragrostis spectabilis var. sparsihirsufa Farw.; 
Eragrostis trac)i Hitchc; Eragrostis unionis Steud.; 
Poa diandra hort. ex Sclirad.,/'t>a eragrostis Elliot; 
Poa nutiatlii Kunth; Poa pectlnacea Michx,; Poa 
tenella Nult. 

Eragrostis pectlnacea (Michx.) Stcud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 

272. 1854. Basionym: Poa pectinacea Michx. 
NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees. 



a (Michx.) Nees. 



= Eragrostis pecli 



Eragrostis pectinacea var. miserrima (E. Fourn.) Reeder, 



Phytologia 60(2): 154. 1986. \^l\s\o\^y\^v. Eragrostis 
purshii var. miserrima E. Fourn. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Cana, Cari, CoRi, ElSa, Guat, Hond, 

Mexi, Nica, Pana, Peru, USA, Unig. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1, introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 

Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 

O. Chater (editores generales) (1994); Espcjo Scrna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Hickman, J. C. (1993); Wundcrlin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis arida Hitchc; Eragrostis diffusa var, 

arida (Hitchc.) Beetle; Eragrostis parvula Steud.; 

Eragrostis pilosa var. delicatula (Trin.) Hack.; 

Eragrostis purshii var. miserrima E. Fourn.; 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



103 



Eragrostis tephrosanthos Schult.;Po^ tephrosanthos 
Spreng. ex Schiilt. 

Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees var. pectinacea. 
DST,: Arge, Braz, Cana, Cari, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, FrGu, 

Guat, Guya, llond, Mexi, Nica. Pana, Para. Peru, 

Suri, USA, Drug, Venc. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993), 

Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 

O. Chatcr (editorcs gcnerales) (1994); Hickman, J. C. 

(1993);Wunderlm, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis diffusa Buckley; Eragrostis purshii var. 

diffusa (Buckley) Vascy. 

Eragrostis pectinacea var. refracta (Muhl. ex Elliott) 

Chapm., FI. South. U.S. 564. 1860. Basionym: Poa 

refracla Muhl. ex Elliott. 
= Eragrostis refracta (Muhl. ex Elliott) Scribn. 

Eragrostis pectinacea var. spectabilis (Pursh) A. Gray, 

Manual (ed. 2) 565. 1856. Basionym:Po£3 spectabilis 

Pursli. 
= Eragrostis spectabilis (Pursh) Steud. 

Eragrostis pectinacea var. tracyi (Hitchc.) P.M. Peterson, 

Sida 17(1): 106. 1996. ^^s>\onym\ Eragrostis tracyi 

Hitchc. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

SYN.: Eragrostis tracyi Hitchc. 

Eragrostis pennsylvanica Scheele, Flora 27: 58. 1844. T- 

ProtoL: Amer. Bor. 

NOTE: IK gives p. 56. 

= Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis percgrina Wiegand, Rhodora 19; 95. 1917. 
REPLACED NAME: Eragrostis pilosa var. condensata 

Hack. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis condensata (J. PresI) 

Steud. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Bcauv. 

Eragrostis perennis Doll, Fk Bras. 2(3): 144. 1878. T- 

Protol.: Brasilia: habitat inter Rio Grande et Tejuco 

Prov, Minarum, Burchell 5689. T-Specim.: 1 of L 

Brazil: Minas Gerais: Inter Rio Grande et Tejuco, WJ. 

Burchell 5689 [I IT: ?; IT: K, US-79708 (fragni )]. 

DST.: Arge. Boli, Braz, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & \\. M. Longhi- 

Wagncr (2000); D()ll, J. C (1878); Filgueiras, T. S. 

(1999); Killeen, T. J. (1990); Longhi-Wagncr, H. M. 

(1990); Renvoize, S. A. (1988); Renvoize, S. A. 

(1998); Rosengurtt. B., B. R. Arrillaga de Maffci & 

P. Izaguirre dc Artucio (1970); Smith, L. B., D. C. 

Wasshausen & R. M. Klein (1981). 

Eragrostis perplexa L.H. Harv., Bulk Torrey Bot. Club 

81(5): 409. 1954. T-Protol.: USA: Soutli Dakota: 
Mellette Co.: in alkaline soil, 30 Aug 1935, W.L 
Tolstead sn. [HT: US-1645027]. T-Specim.: 1 of L 
USA: South Dakota: Mellette Co., 30 Aug \935, W.L 
Tolsteads.n. [HT: US-1645027, IT: US-1649186]. 
= Eragrostis pilosa var. perplexa (L.H. Ilarv.) S.D. Koch. 



Eragrostis peruviana (Jacq.) Trin., Mem. Acad, Imp. Sci. 

St.-Petersbourg, Ser 6, Sci. Math, 1(4): 396. 1830. 
Hasionym; Poa peruviana }?lc<\. 
DST.: Chil, Peru. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brako, L. & I L. Zarucchi (1993), 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1927), Macbridc, J. F. (1936); 
Marticorena, C & M. Quezada (1985), Nicora, E. G. 

(1994);Tovar,6. (1993). 

SYN.; Eragrostis deserticola Phil., Eragrostis peruviana 

var. brachythyrsa Pilg.; Koeleria nndtijlora Regel & 
Herter; Poa peruviana Jacq. 

Eragrostis peruviana var. brachythyrsa Pilg., Bot, Jahrb, 

Syst. 37: 375. 1906. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Peru: 
Mollendo, in formatione "!oma", 200-600 m, Oct 
1902, /i, Weberbauer 1462 [LT: B; ILT: US-2851259 
(fragm.)]. LT designated (as holotypus) by Nicora, 
Gayana Bot 51(1): 2 (1994). 2 of 2. Peru: Tacna, 
gramcn principale a collibus apertis, arenosis, 800- 
1000 m, 1891, Woitschach s.n. [ST]. 

= Eragrostis peruviana (Jacq,) Trin. 

Eragrostis peruviana var. macranthera Skottsb.j Kongl. 

Gotheborgska Wetensk. Samhallets Handl., Wctensk. 

Afd, 5(6): 81, f. 43, 44 b-i. 1937. T-Protol.: Chile: III 

Region: San Ambrosio, Johow form 3^ 5-6 Oct. 

1896[HT:UPS]. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis kuschelii Skottsb. 
= Eragrostis kuschelii Skottsb. 

Eragrostis petrensis Renvoize & Longhi-Wagner, Kcw 

Bull. 41(1): 71. 1986. T-Protol.: Brazil: Bahia: Rio de 
Contas, 13 Dec 1984, Longhi-Wagner et al CFCR 

6752[nT:S?Fl 
DST.: Braz. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. RY: Boechat, S. C. & II. M. Longhi- 
Wagner (2000); Fiigueiras, T. S. (1999); Renvoize, S. 
A. & H. M. Longhi-Wagner (1986). 

Eragrostis pilgeri Fedde, Just's Bot. Jahresber. 3: 18, t. 34. 

1908. 
REPLACED NAME: Eragrostis andicola Pilg. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis andicola RE. Fr. 
DST : Peru. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Tovar, 6. (1993). 

SYN.: Eragrostis andicola fo. humilior Piig.; Eragrostis 

andicola Pilg.; Eragrostis andicola var. robustior 
Pilg.; Eragrostis carazcnsis Pilg.; Eragrostis 
pilgeriana Witchc. 

Eragrostis pilgeriana Hitchc., Contr, U.S. Natl. Herb. 24(8): 

342. 1927. 
NOTE: nom. nov., nom. illcg, supcrfl. and horn. 
E. NAME; Eragrostis pilgeriana Dintcr ex Pilg. 
REPLACED NAME: Eragrostis andicola Pilg. 
BLOCKING NAME- Eragrostis andicola R.E. Fr. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis pilgeri Fcdde. 
= Eragrostis pilgeri Fedde. 

Eragrostis pilifcra Schccie, Linnaca 22(3): 344. 1849. T- 

Protok: USA: Texas: aiif trockncr, hochlicgendcr 
Prairie bei Neubraunfels, Lindhcimer s.n. T-Specim.: 1 
of L USA: Texas: Ncuhraunfels, I847,F. Lindheimer 
736 [LT: US-909190; ILT: US-1871 150], LT 
designated by ?. 



104 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



= Eragrostis trichodcs (Nutt ) Alph, Wood. 

Fragrostis pilosa (I..) P. Heauv., Fss. Agrostogr. 71, 162, 

175. 1812. Basionym: Poa pilosa h, 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cana, Cari, Cliil, CoR'i, Ecua, ElSa, 

FrGii, Guya, Hond, Mcxi, Nica, Para, Peru, USA, 

Urug, Vcne. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I, introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C. D. (1972); Allcm, A. C. 

& J. F. M. Vails (1987); Beetle, A. A. (1977); 
Berendsohii, W. G. & A. E. Araniva tie Gonzilez 
(1991); Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi-Wagner 
(2000); Bor, N. L. (1960); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi 
(1993); Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. (1970); 
Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); Davldse, G. 
(1904); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater 
(editorcs gencrales) (1994); DOll, J. C. (1878); Edgar, 
E., 11. E. Connor & J. E. Sliand (1991); Espcjo Serna, 
A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 
Fertiald, M. (1950); Filgueiras, T. S. (1991), Foster, 
R. C. (1958), Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Wclman, E. 
Rcilief, K. L. Iinmclman, G. Germishui/xn, B. J. 
Picnaar, M, van Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 
(1987), Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); 
Gkason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1991); Gould, F. W 
(1979); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Great 
Plains Flora Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1927); Hitchcock, A, S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Hitchcock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbcy 
& J. W. Thompson (1969); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. 
Le6n-Yanez (eds.) (1999); Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); 
Kerguelen, M. (1993); Killeen, T. J. (1990); 
Lawesson, J. E., H. Adserscn Sl P. Bcntlcy (1987); 
Lindcman, L C. & A. L. SlofTcrs (1963); Liogicr, H. 
& L. Martorcll (1982); McVaugh, R. (1983), Munz, 
P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); 
Nicora, E. G., M. E. De Paula, A. M. Faggi, M. del 
C. Mariano, A. M. Miante A., L. R. Parodi, C. A. 



Eragrostis pilosa suh^^^^abyssimca (Jacq.) Asch. & Graebn., 

Syn. Mitteleur. Fl. 2: 374. 1900. Basionym: Poa 
abyssinica Jacq. 
= Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter. 

Eragrostis pilosa vvlx . bahiensis (Schrad. ex Schiilt.) Kuntze, 

Revis. Gen. PI. 3(2,2): 353. 1898. Basionym: 
Eragrostis bahiensis Schrad. ex Schult. 
= Eragrostis bahiensis Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis pilosa war. capillaris (L.) Kuiitze, Revis. Gen. PI. 

3: 353. 1898. Basionym: Poa capillaris L. 
= Eragrostis capillaris (L.) Nees. 

Eragrostis pilosa var. caroliniana (Biehler) Far\v., Rep. 

Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 182. 1916. Basionym: Poa 
caroliniana Biehler. 
= Eragrostis pcctinacea (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis pilosa \?LX.condensata Hack., AUg. Bol. Z. Syst. 

7: 13. 1901. T-Protol.: Karlsruhe, Kneucker Gram. 

Exs. 115. T-Specim.: 1 of I. Germany: Kailsruhc: 

Badcn-Wurttemberg, elev. 117 m, 17 Jul \900,J.A. 

Exs Kneucker 115 [IT: BAA-1072, SI, US-81897, US- 

79709 (fragm.), W, WAG]. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis peregrina Wiegand. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Eragrostis pilosa var. condensafa Hack.^ Viertcijahrsschr. 

Naturf. Ges. Zurich 52: 439. 1908. 
NOTE: Thellung provides quadrinomial taxonomy here, as 

E. pilosa subsp. damiensiana var. condensata. 
E. NAME: Eragrostis pilosa var. condensata Hack. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Eragrostis pilosa subsp. damiensiana (Bonnet) Thell., 

Vierteljahrsschr. Naturf Ges. Zurich 52: 438. 1908. 
Basionym: Eragrostis pilosa var. damiensiafia Bonnet. 

= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 



Petctin, F. A. Roig & Z. Rtigolo de Agrasar (1978); Eragrostis pilosa var damiensiana Bonnet, Naluraliste 3: 
Phillips, S. (1995); Pohl, R. W. (1980); Porter, D. M. 



(1983); Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell 
(1968); Renvoize, S. A. (1984); Renvoize, S. A, 
(1988), Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Rosengurlt, B., B. R, 
Anillaga de Maffci & P. I/aguirrc de Artucio (1970); 
Schvvegman, John E. (1991), Shreve, F. & I. L. 
Wiggins (1964); Small, J. K. (1933); Smith, L. B., D. 

C. Wasshauscn & R. M. Klein (1981); Tovar, 6. 

(1993); Voss, E. G. (1972), Wiggins, L L. & D. M. 
Porter (1971); Wundcrlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Eragrostis damiensiana (Bonnet) Jhd\., Eragrostis 

damiensiana var. condensata (Hack.) ThelL; 
Eragrostis damiensiana var. laxior Thell.; Eragrostis 
fdiformis Link; Eragrostis gracilis Schrad.; 
Eragrostis linkii (Kuiith) Steud.; Eragrostis 
niidticaulis Stciid.; Eragrostis peregrina Wiegand; 
Eragrostis pilosa fo.multicaulis (Steud.) I.C. Chung; 
Eragrostis pilosa subsp. damiensiana (Bonnet) 
Thelf; Eragrostis pilosa var. condensata Hack.; 
Eragrostis pilosa var. condensata Hack.; Eragrostis 
pilosa var. damiensiana Bonnet; Eragrostis 
verticillata (Cav.) P. Beauv.; Eragrostis verticillata 
(Cav.) Roem. & Schult.; Poa eragrostis Walter; Poa 
linkii Kunlh; Poa pilosa L.; Poa tenella Willd.? (L. 
misappl. by) Pursh; Poa verticillata Cav. 



412. I88L T-ProtoL: France: Paris: dans la cour du 
ministere de la Guerre, M Damiens s.n. 
NOTE: No. 52. 412. 1881., Accd. to Chase & Niles, Index 

Grass Sp, 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L ) P. Beauv. 

Eragrostis pilosa var. delicatula (Trin.) Hack., Anales Mus. 

Nac. Buenos Aires 11: 133. 1904. Basionym: 
Eragrostis delicatula Trin. 



= Eragrostis peclinacea var. miserrima (E. Fourn.) 

Rceder. 

Eragrostis pilosa var, lugens (Nccs) Griscb., Abh. Konigl. 

Ges. Wiss. Gottingcn 24: 290. 1879. Basionym: 
Eragrostis lugens Nees. 
= Eragrostis lugens Nees. 

Eragrostis pilosa var. lugens Kuntzc, Rcvis. Gen. PI. 3(3): 

352, 353. 1898. T-Protol.: Argentina: Patagonia, 
Moreno & Tonini s.n. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis pilosa var. lugens (Nees) Griseb. 
= Eragrostis lugens Nees. 

Eragrostis pilosa \ixx. minor (Host) Kuntze, Rcvis. Gen. PI. 

3(2): 353. 1898. Basionym: Eragrostis minor UosL 
= Eragrostis minor Host. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



105 



Eragrostis pilosa fo. muUicauUs (Steud.) I.C. Chung, J. 

Wash. Acad. Sci. 45(7): 215. 1955. Basionym: 

Eragrosiis multicaulis Stcud. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Bcauv. 



Eragrostis pilosa var. pcrplexa (L,H. Harv.) S.D. Koch, 

Illinois Bio!. Monogr. 48: 28. 1974. Basionym: 
Eragrostis perplexa L.H. Harv. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Great Plains Flora Association 

(1986). 
SYN.: Eragrostis perplexa L.H. Harv. 

Eragrostis pilosa (L>) P. Bcauv. var. pilosa. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Great Plains Plora Association 

(l986);Hickman, LC. (1993). 

Eragrostis pilosa var. /c/ (Zucc.) Fiori, Nuov. Fl. Itaha 1: 

123. 1923. Basionym: Poa tef Zucc. 
= Eragrostis tef(Zucc.) Trotter. 

Eragrostis pilosa var. versicolor Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PL 

3(2): 353. 1898. T-Protol.: Bolivia: Rio Tapacari, 

Kuntze s.n. 

= Status not yet delcrniined. 

Eragrostis pilosissima Link, Hort. Bcrol. 1: 189. 1827. T- 

Protol.; Germany: Berlin. 
= Eragrostis articulata (Schrank) Nees. 

Eragrostis plana Nees, Ft. Afr. Austrak 111. 390. 184L T- 

Protok: Ad Jlumen prope Kachu et Zandplaat alt. 1500' 
et inter Geckau et Basche alt. 1 500-2000', /)r^ge sm, 
T-Specim.: 1 uf 3. South Africa: Cap. b. sp., Drege 
[ST: LE (hrbr. Fischer)]. 2 of 3. South Africa: ad 
flumen propc Kachu et ZandphsU Drege s.n, [ST]. 3 
of 3. South Africa: inter Geckau ct Baschi^, Drege sm, 

[ST]. 
DST.iBraz, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bocchat, S. C & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); Bor, N. L. (I960); Edgar, E., H. E. 

Connor & J. E. Shand (1991); Filgueiras, T. S. 

(1991); Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Welman, E. 

Rciticf, K. L. Immelman, G. Gcrmishuizen, B. J. 

Picnaar, M. van Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 

(1987);Koch, S.D. (1978), 

Eragrostis plumbea Scribn. ex Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 

484. 1896. T-Protol.: Mexico: Jalisco: Guadalajara. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 2. Mexico: Jalisco, 1 Oct 1889, CG. 
Pringle 2311 [LT: MSC?; ILT: TEX, US-82200L US- 
1761636], LT designated by McVaugh, F1. Novo-Gal. 
14: 484 (1983), without specifically citing the 
lectotype, just one of the isolectotypes. 2 of 2. Mexico: 
Jalisco: Guadalajara, Jul-Oct 1880, £. Palmer 240 [ST: 
MSC MO-820709]. 
DST.: Mcxi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); 
McVaugh, R. (1983). 

Eragrostis plumosa (Rctz.) Link, Hort Bcrol. 1: 192. 1827. 

Basionym: Poa plumosa Retz. 
^ Eragrostis amabilis (L.) Wight & Am. ex Necs, 



Eragrostis plurinodisSwallcn ex Luces, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 

32(6): 158, f. 2. 1942. T-Protol.: Venezuela: Apurc: in 
fields around Cunaviche: 13 Feb 1941,C£'. Chardon 
249 [HT: VEN]. T-Specim.; 1 of 1. Venezuela; Apurc: 
Cerca de Curnaviche, 13 Feb 1941, C.£. Chardon 249 
[HT: VEN; IT: US-1817505 (fragm. ex VEN)]. 

DST.: Braz, Guya, Vene. 

LVL ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechal, S. C & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); Judzicwicz, E. J. (1990). 

''Eragrostis poaeoides P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult., Syst. 

Veg. 2:574. 1817. 
NOTE: nom. illcg. superfl. 

REPLACED NAME: Eragrostis poaeoides P, Bcauv. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis minor Host. 
= Eragrostis minor Host. 

Eragrostis poaeoides vdj.harrelieri (Daveau) Fiori, Fk Italia 

I: 82. 1908. Basionym: Eragrostis barrelieri Daveau. 
= Eragrostis barrelieri Daveau. 

Eragrostis poaeoides var. laxiflora Doll, Fk Bras. 2(3): 149. 

1878. T-Protok: Brazil: loco accuralius non indicato, 
Widgren, Freyreiss & Forstrom [HT; hrbr. 
Holmicnsis]. 
= Eragrostis minor Host. 

Eragrostis poaeoides var. megastachya (Koeler) A. Gray, 

Manual (ed. 2) 563. 1 856. Basionym: Poa 

megastachya Koeler. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis poiformis L\nk^ Hurt. Berok 1: 188. 1827. 
NOTE: nom. nov., nom. illeg. superfl. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa eragrostis L. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) P. Beauv. 
CORRECT NAME; Eragrostis minor 1 lost. 
= Eragrostis minor Host. 

Eragrostis polytricha Nees, Fk Bras. Enum. PL 2: 507-508. 

1829. T-Protok: Habitat in Brasili austral i,5e//oiv s.n. 
[HT: B]. T-Specim.: 1 of I. Brazik F. F. Sellow s.n. 

[IS82J [HT: B; IT: BAA-2668 (ex B), US-77386 
(fragm.)]. 
DST.: Arge, Beli, Boli, Braz, Chil, Culo, Guat, Guya, Hond, 

Mcxi, Nica, Para, USA, Urug, Vcnc. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. L, M. H. Nee & D. E. 

Atha (2000); Boechat, S. C. & Ik M. Longhi-Wagncr 
(2000); Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. (1970); 
Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 
O. Chater (editores gcncralcs) (1994); Doll, J. C 
(1878); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

T. S. (1991); 
C (1958); 



Valdes-Reyna (2000); 



Filcueiras. T. 



Filgueiras, 
S. (1999); Foster, R. 
Hitdicock, A. S. (1927); Jud/iewicz, E. L (1990); 
Killccn, T. J. (1990); Longhi-Wagner, H. M. (1990); 
Marticorena, C & M. Quczada (1985); Renvoizc, S. 
A. (1984); Renvoizc, S. A. (1988); Rcnvoize, S. A. 
(1998); Rosengurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga dc Maffei & 
P. Izaguirrc de Artucio (1970). 
SYN.: Eragrostis floridana Hitchc; Eragrostis fragilis 

Swallen; Eragrostis lugens var. villosa Doll; 
Eragrostis polytricha var. glabrior Doll, Eragrostis 
polytricha var. hirsutior Doll; Eragrostis purpusii 
Jcd\\abn.; Eragrostis trichocolca van floridana 



106 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



(llitchc.) Withcrspoon; Poa concept ionisSicud., Poa 
polytricha (Nccs) Kiiiilli. 

Eragrostis polyiricha vm.glabrior D511, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 140. 

1878, J-Proto\.: Eragrostis polyiricha var. alpha, Nees 
ab nsenb. Agr. bras. T-Specim.: ! of 1. Brazil: in 
canipis — prope Villa Rica aliisque locis provinciae 
Minarum [IT: US]. 
= Eragrostis polytricha Nees. 

Eragrostis polytricha var. /j/nw/ior Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 140. 

1878. T-Protol: Eragrostis polytricha var. beta Nees 

ab Escnb. Agr. bras. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: in 
campis limosis altis propc Villa Rica aliisque locis 
provinciae MlnaYum, Martius s.n. [IT: US]. 
= Eragrostis polytricha Nees. 

Eragrostis praetermissa L.H. Harv., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

81(5): 408. 1954. T-ProtoL: Guatemala: Baja Verapaz: 
prope Santa Rosa, in rupibus, Jul 1 887, vow Turckheim 
1292 [HT: US-821939]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Guatemala: 
Baja Verapaz, Jul 1887,//. von Tucrckheim 1292 [WT; 
US-821939]. 
= Eragrostis hirta E. Fourn. 

Eragrostis pringlei Mattel, Contr. Biol. Veg. 4: 241. 1909. 
REPLACED NAME: Eragrostis pusilla Scribn. ex Beal. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis pusilla Hack. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J Valdes-Rcyna (2000); 
McVaugkR. (1^)83). 
SYN.: Eragrostis pusilla Scribn. ex Beal; Eragrostis 

scrihneriana Hitchc. 

Eragrostis prulifera (Svv.) Stcud., Syn. PL Glumac. 1: 278. 

1854. Basionym: Poa prolifera Sw. 
DST.: Beli» Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, 

Ilond, Mexi. Nica, Pana, Peru. Vcne. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J., M. R Nee & D. E. 

Aiha (2000); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Berendsohn, W. 
G, & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); Boechat, S. 
C. & H. M. Longhi-Wagner (2000); Brako, L. & J. L. 
Zarucchi (1993); Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Catasus 
Gucrra, L. (1997); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G., 
M Sousa S. & A. 0. Cliater (editores generales) 
(1994); Doll. J. C. (1878); Gould, F. W (1979); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Jorgcnsen. P. M. & S. Le6n- 
Yanez (eds.) (1999); Lawesson, J. E., H. Adsersen & 
P. Bentley (1987); McVaugh, R. (1983); Nelson, C. 
(1979), Pohl, R. W. (19S0), Rcnvoize, S. A. (1984); 
Sousa S.. M, & E. F. Cabrera C. (1983); Wunderlin, 
R. P. (1998). 
SYN . : Eragrostis divers iflora Vasey; Eragrostis 

domingensis (I'ers.) Steud.; Eragrostis excelsa 
Griseb.; Eragrostis gigantca Trin.; Eragrostis 
haenkei J. Presl; Eragrostis maxima E. Fourn.; 
Eragrostis salzmannii Steud.; Poa domingensis Pers.; 
Poa prolifera Sw. 

Eragrostis psammodcs Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.- 

Pctcrsbourg, Ser 6, Sci. Malli. 1(4): 400. 1830. T- 
Prolol.: V. subsp. Brasilia (in ripa rivi Coxim, das 
Velhas). T-Specim.: 1 of 7. In sabulosis ripani rio das 
Vcllias Barra ab Jiquitiba, Nov. \^2A,Riedel s.n. [ST: 
K, LE]. 2 of 7. Paraguay: i ripa Taquary, Nov 1826 



[ST: LE], 3 of 7. Brasilia,/^. Sellow s.n. [ST: LE]. 4 of 
7. In ripa rivi Coxine, Nov 1826 [ST: LE]. 5 of 7. , 
Nov 1824, 846 [IT: LE], 6 of 7. [Brasil]: in arcnosis 
ripis rivi das Velhas, Nov 24, j.c. 846 [HT: LE-TRIN- 
2386.04], b-"in ripa rivi Coxinc. Cuyaba". 7 of 7. 
Brazil: in arenosis ripas rivi das Velhas, G H von 
Langsdorff [error for Rtedel] 846 [IT: NY, US-79712 
(fragni.)]. 



Eragrostis bahie 



Schrad. ex Schult. 



Eragrostis psammodes var. microstachya (Link) Doll, Fl. 

Bras, 2(3): 153. 1878, T-Protol.: Uruguay: prope 
Montevideo, Sello?, 
= Eragrostis bahiensis Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis piirpurasccns (Sprcng.) Schult,, Mant. 2: 317. 

1824. Basionym: Poa purpurascens Spreng. 
DST.: Braz, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCITD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi^ 

Wagner (2000); Doll, J. C. (1878); Gould, F. W 

(1979); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936), Longhi-Wagner, H. 

M. & I. !. Boldrini (1988); Rosengurlt, B., B. R. 

Arrillaga de Maffci & P. Izaguirrc dc Artucio (1970). 
SYN.: Eragrostis megapotamica (Sprcng.) Schult.; Poa 

purpurascens Spreng, 

Eragrostis purpusii Jedwabn., Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 20 L 1924. 

T-ProtoL: Mexico: Ccrro dc Gavilan,/^///;?;/^ 4084, T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Puebia: Cerro del Gavilan, 
C.A. Pwpus 4084 [LT: UC; IT: US-77385 (fragm.)], 
LT designated by Withcrspoon, Ann. Missouri Bot. 
Gard. 64:328(1977). 

NOTE: as Eragrostis "Purpusii". 

= Eragrostis polytricha Nees 

Eragrostis purshii Schrad., Linnaea 12(4): 451. 1838. T- 

Protol.: China: Guangxi: Hepu, Wenli, in open 
wilderness, 400 m, 6 April 1956, 1/cpu Exped. 1648 
[HT: ?; IT: IBSC]. 
NOTE: nom. nud.; cites Poa diandra hort., non. R.Br., 

name later validated by A. Gray. 
= Eragrostis pcctinacca (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis purshii Schrad. ex A. Gray, Manual 564. 1856. T- 

Protol: Sand New Jersey to Virginia, and southwardy 
or sterile open ground. 
NOTE: cites E. purshii {fic\\\\\.2) Schrad. fnom. nud.], /^oa 

tencUa scnsu Pursh, P. caroUniana Sprcng. [actually 
published first by Biehler], /*. pctiuacea of authors, 
not of Michx. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis caroUniana (Biehler) 

Scribn. 
= Eragrostis pcctinacca (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis purshii var. delicatuta Munro ex Scribn., Bull. 

Torrey Bot. Club 10(1): 30. 1883. T-Protol.: USA: 
Arizonn: Santa Cruz Valley, near Tucson, Priugle s.n. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Eragrostis pcctinacca (Miciix.) Nees. 



Eragrostis purshii \^r. diffusa (Buckley) Vasey, Contr. U.S. 

Natl. Herb. 1(2): 59. 1890. Basionym: Eragrostis 
diffusa Buckley. 
= Eragrostis pcctinacca var. pcctinacca, 

Eragrostis purshii war. major E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 116. 

1886. T-Spccim.: I of 4. Mexico, Bourgeau 445 [ST]. 
^ E. mexicana, 2 of 4. Mexico, Bourgeau 1031 [ST]. 3 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



107 



of 4. Nicaragua, P. Levy sjl [ST]. 4 of 4. Mexico, y^- 

Berhndier 794 [ST: US-2850915 (fragm.)]. 
NOTE: cites "E. poacoides Griseb. in schcd. part.". 
= Eragrostis mcxicana (Hornem.) Link. 

Eragrostis piirshii var. miserrima E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2; 

116. 1886. 
REPLACED NAME: Eragrostis parvida Steud. 
= Eragrostis pectiiiacea var, miserrima (E. Fourn.) 

Reeder. 

Eragrostis purshii \^v. pauci/Jora E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 

116. 1886. T-Spccim.: 1 of 6. Mexico: Tampico, 
Berlandicr 43 [OM]. 2 of 6. Mexico: Tampico, 
Berlandicr 147 [OM]- 3 of 6. Mexico: Tampico, 
Berlandicr 621 [OM: L]. 4 of 6. Mexico: Tampico, 
Berlandicr 755 [OM]. 5 of 6. Mexico: Tampico, 
Berlandicr 844 in part [OM]. 6 of 6. Mexico: 
Tampico, Berlandicr 921 [OM]. 

NO IE: nom. nud. 

= Eragrostis pccliiiacca (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis pusilla Scribn. ex Bcal. Grass, N. Amer. 2: 481. 

Nov 1896. T-PrutoL: Mexico: }dX\SQO,Pr ingle 2327, 
T-Speeim.: 1 of I. Mexico: Jalisco: dry rocky hills 
near Guadalajara, 28 Oct 1889, C.C. Pringle 2327 
[IIT: MSC; IT: LL, MO-2524105, US-1761637, US- 
748411, US-822031]. 

NOTE: hom. illeg.; as Eragrostis '^pusitlus". 

E. NAME: Eragrostis pusilla F^ack. 

CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis scribneriana Hilchc. 

= EragrosHs pringlei Mattei. 

Eragrostis pycnantha (Phil.) Parodi ex Nicora, Gayana, Dot. 

51(1): 4. 1994, Basionym: Poa pycnantha Phil. 
DST.iChil. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Nicora, E. G. (1994). 
SYN.: Poa pycnantha Phil. 

Eragrostis qidtensis Trin,, Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- 

Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 

4,2(1): 76. 1836. T-ProtoL: V. subsp. Brasilia. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L [IIT: LE-TRIN-2388.01]- 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of F. caldasii Kunth, based on 

Festuca qidtensis Willd. in Nees Agrost. Bras. 1829. 
p 473, as syn. 

= Steirachnc barbata (Trin.) Renvoize. 

Eragrostis rahmeri Phil., Verz. Anlofagasla Pfl. 88. 189L T- 

Prolol.: Chile: in Quebrada de Guavifia provinciac 
Tarapaca lecta, F. Philippi s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. 
Chile: Tarapaci, 13 Mar 1885, /f.^. Philippi 359 [HT: 
SGO-37293; IT: BAA-1080 (fragm), CORD, SGO- 
62670, US-556538]. 

NOTE: as Eragrostis "Rahmeri", 

= Eragrostis mexlcana (Hornem.) Link. 

Eragrostis rcfracta (Muhl. ex Elliott) Scribn., Mem. Torrcy 

Bot. Club 5(4): 49. 1894. Basionym: /'oa refracta 
Muhl. ex Elliott. 
DST.: Suri, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Correll, D. S. & NL C. Johnston 

(1970), Fernald, M. (1950); Glcason, H. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1968); Glcason, 11. A. & A. Cronquist 



Long, R. W. & 0. Lakela (1971); Radford, A. E., 11. 
E. Ahles & C. R. Bell (1968), Small, J. K. (1933). 
SYN.: Eragrostis campestris Trin.; Eragrostis campestris 

var. refracta Chapm.; Eragrostis longeradlata 
Steud.; Eragrostis pectinacea vm. refracta (Muhl. ex 
Elliott) Chapm.; Eragrostis virginica (Zuccagni) 
Steud.; Poa reflexa Elliott ex Scribn. & Mcrr.; Poa 
refracta Muhl. ex Elliott; Poa virginica Zuccagni. 

Eragrostis rcptans (Michx.) Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 

514. 1829. Basionym; Poa reptans Michx. 

DST.:Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Correll, D. S. 

& M. C Johnston (1970); Cowan, C P. (1983); Doll, 
J. C (1878); Fernald, M. (1950); Foster, R. C 
(1958); Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); 
Gleason, H, A. & A. Cronquist (1991); Godfrey, R. 
K. & J. W. Wooten (1979); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran 
(1981); Great Plains Flora Association (1986); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951). 

SYN.: Eragrostis capitata (Nutl.) ^?is\\\ Eragrostis reptans 

(Michx,) J. Presl; Eragrostis squarrosa E. Fourn.; 



Eragrostis weigeliiana 



Bush; 



Megastachya 



fascicidata E. Fourn.; Megastachya fascicidata E, 
Fourn.; Megastachya rcptans (Michx.) P. Bcauv.; 
Neeragrostis rcptans (Michx.) ^\co\2i\ Neeragrostis 
weigclfiana^ Bush; Poa capitata Nut!.; Poa dioica 
Michx. ex Poir.; Poa reptans Michx.; Poa 
weigeltiana Rchb. ex Trin. 

Eragrostis rcptans (Michx ) J, Presl, Reliq. Haciik. 1(4-5): 

275. 1830. Basionym: Poa reptans Michx, 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. et hom. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis reptans (Michx.) Nees. 
= Eragrostis rcptans (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis reptans var. contracta Doll, FL Bras. 2(3): 148. 

1878. T-Protol.: In pakidc cxsiccata ad S. Cruz (lund) 
et ad vias prov. Minarum. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Brazil: 
Santa Cruz, Lund s.n. [ST]. 2 of 2. Brazil: Minas 
Gcrais, Warming s.n. [ST]. 

= Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 

Eragrostis rcptans v^vJaxior Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 148. 1878. 

T-Protol.: America borcali obvia, in Brasilia adhuo 
non lecta. 
= Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 

Eragrostis reptans \ax. pygmaea Doll. Fl. Bras. 2(3): 149. 

1878. T-ProtoL: Brazil: propc BahlsL, Blanchet 2960 
[IT: OXF]. 
= Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 

Eragrostis retincns Hack. & Arechav., Analcs Mus. Nac. 

Montevideo I: 445-446, t. 56. 1896. T-Protol. : 

Uruguay: comun en campos graminosos, prefierc los 

terrenos arenosos. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. [T: BAA- 1083]. 

DST.: Arge, Braz, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagncr (2000); Burkart, A. (1969), Cabrera, A. L. 

(1970); Rosengurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga de Maffei & 

P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970). 
SYN.: Eragrostis rclincns var. pergaminensis Parodi. 



(1991); Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten (1979); Eragrostis retinens \m. pergaminensis Parodi, Notas Mus. 



Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); 



La Plata, Bot. 2(11): 6. 1937. T-Protol.: Argentina: 



108 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Pcrgamino, Prov. Buenos Aires, 2 Feb 1923, LR. 
Parodi 4943. T-Spccim.: 1 of L Argentina: Buenos 
Aires: Pergamino, hab. a orillas del ferrocarril Centra! 
Argcntino cerca de la Estaci6n Maue! Ocampo, 2 I'eb 
1923, LR. Parodi 4943 [HT: BAA; !T: SI, US- 
1721254]. 
= Eragrostis retincnsllack. & Arcchav. 

Eragrostis reimorrhoea Steud., Syn. PI. Gliimac 1: 268. 

1S54. T-ProtoK: Abyssinia. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Ethiopia: Gapdiam, 21 Sep 1838, G.//. JK Schimper 
824 [ST: L, WAG]. 
= Eragrostis viscosa (Retz.) Trin. 

Eragrostis rigida (Vasey) Scribn., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 1891: 304. 1891. \3d.s\onym\ Diplacbue 

rigida Vascy. 
== Eragrostis sessilispica Buckley. 

Eragrostis riobranrcnsis Judz. & P.M. Peterson, Brittonia 

42: 47, r 1. 1990. T-Protol.: Guyana: Rupununi Distr.: 
3-1 1 km S of Sand Creek on road to Dadanawa, E of 
Rupununi River, ca. 02.03"N 59.30'^W, elev. 110 m, 20 
Jun 1989, grassland with scattered small trees,, 
Peterson & Gopaul 7545 [HT: US, IT. BRG]. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Guyana: Rupununi, 20 Jun 1989/^..U. 
Peterson & D. Gopaul 7545 [HT: US-3055106; IT: 
BRG]. 

DST.: Braz, Guya. 

LVL. ACCPTC: l. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & U. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); Judziewicz, E. J. & P. M. Peterson 
(1990); hidzicvvicz, E.J. (1990). 

Eragrostis robusta Slent, Bolhalia 2: 288. 1927. T-ProtoL: 

Maritzburg, Natal Angus 2, Govt. Herb. 13862. 
REPLACED NAME; Eragrostis valida Stent. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis valida Pilg. 
= Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Ne 

Eragrostis rojasii Hack., Report. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 7: 

373. 1909. T-ProtoL: Paraguay: Sierra dc Amambay, 
in campis siccis Punta Pora: Dec 1908, Rojas hbr 
Ihis.sler 9858. T-Specim.: 1 of L Paraguay: Sierra de 
Amambay, Dec 1908, Rojas hbr Hassler 9858 [IT: 
BAA-1085 (fragm.), BAE. G, US-899326, US-79718]. 

NOTE: as Eragrostis "Rojaiii". 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000). 

Eragrostis riifcsccns Schrad. ex Schult., Mant. 2: 319. 1824. 



T-Protol.: In Brasilia. Princeps Sereniss, Maximilian 
NeoMidens s.n. [HT: LE]. T-Specim.: I of 1. Brazil, 
MaxiJuilian Neowidcns s.n. [HT: LE; IT: BAA-1087]. 
DST.; Beli, Boli, Braz, CoRi, Guat, Hond, Mexi, Nica. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allem, A. C. & J. F. M. Vails 

(1987); Boechat, S, G & H. M. Longhi-Wagner 

(2000); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidsc, G., M. Sousa S. 

& A. O. Chatcr (cditores generales) (1994); Doll, J. 

C. (1878); Ftlgueiras, T. S. (1991); Filgueiras, T. S. 

(1990); Killeen, T. J. (1990); Longhi-Wagner, H. M. 

(1990), Renvoize, S. A. (1984); Renvoize, S. A. 

(1988), Renvoize, S.A.(1998). 
SYN.: Eragrosiis Jloribimda Schrad. ex S<:\\nW, Eragrostis 

inconstans Nees; Eragrostis inconstans var. 



rufesccns (Schrad. ex Schult.) Nces; Eragrostis 
rufcscens Schrad.; Eragrostis vahlii var. coarctata 
Doll, Poa rufcscens Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis rufescens Schrsid., Linnaea 12(4): 450. 1838. 
NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis rufcscens Schrad. ex Schult. 
= Eragrostis rufesccns Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis rufescens\3T. interrupta Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 152. 

1878. 
ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Doll, J. C. (IS78), 
= Status not yet determined. 

Eragrostis rufesccns var. laurentiana Benoist, Bull. Mus. 

Hist. Nat. (Paris) 17: 69. 1945. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
French Guiana: St. Laurent du Maroni, Herb. Lemee 
s.n, [HT;P?J. 
= Eragrostis scaligrra Salzm. ex Sleud. 

Eragrostis rufesteus var. nicsoaincricana Davidse, Novon 

2(2): 101. 1992. T-ProtoL: Honduras: Morazan: 2.5 

km N of Zambrano on road to San Francisco de 

Soroguara, pine forest along small stream, on dry tuff 

outcrops, elev. 1370 m, 1 Jul 1970,;?.Jr. Pohl & G. 

Davidse 12125 [HT: MO; IT: ISC]. 
DST,: Bell, CoRi, Guat, Hond, Mexi, Nica. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D. E. 

Atha (2000); Davidse, G. & R. W. Pohl (1992), 
Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, C, M. Sousa S. & A. 
O, Chater (editores genernles) (1994), Espejo Serna, 
A,, A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 

Eragrostis rufcscens Davidse var rufcscens. 



DST.:Boli, Braz, Para, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C iS: 11. M. Longhi- 
Wagner (2000). 

SYN.: Calothcca cnspidata Sprcng.', Eragrostis acicularis 

Trin.; Eragrostis affinisS?\zYi\. ex Steud.; Eragrostis 
cnspidata (Schult.) Link, Eragrostis multipes S. 



.Moore; 



Eragrostis 



polyneura 



Jedwabn.; 



Megastachya cnspidata Schult.; Poa cnspidata Roth. 

Eragrostis rufesccns var. spiciranica Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 

152. 1878. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Btixnl, Anonymous [IT; 

FL, K]. 
= Eragrostis solida Nees. 

Eragrostis sahmannii Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 277. 1854. 

T-ProloL: Maritimis Bahiae; Poa prolifera Salzm. 
herb. [herb, name] vix Swailz.), Salzmann s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of I. Brazil: Bahia, no date, P. Salzmann 
sn. [rr:K, US-911901,US-2767414]. 
= Eragrostis prolifera (Sw.) Steud. 

Eragrostis scaligera Salzm. ex Stcud.. Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 

277. 1854. T-Protol.: Bahia: (h^irb. Bah. suh.Poal T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Br:izil: Bahia, no date, P. Salzmann 

s.n. [HT:P;IT; US-911752]. 
NOTE: cites Poa scaligera Salzm. ex Steud., nom. nud. 

DST.:Bra7, FrGu, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C & IL M. Longhi- 
Wagner (2000); Judziewicz, E. J. (1990), Koch, S. D. 
- (1978); Renvoize, S. A. (1984); Wundcrlin, R. P. 

(1998). 
SYN.: Eragrostis rufcscens var. laurentiana Benoist. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



109 



Eragrostis sclerophylla Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.- 

Petersboiirg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 412. 1830. T- 

Protol.: Brasel: ad rivuluiii Jequitinhoiiha. T-Specim.: 

1 of 2. Brazil: ad rivul. Jequitinhonha. Dec. 1824,/,, 

Riedel 1275 [HT: LE-TRIN; IT: LE, LE, LE, US- 

2765426 (fragm.), US-79719 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Brazil; 

in ripa rivi Jiquitiba el Jequitinhonha, Dec. 1824, ^.c. 

1275 [IT: LE]. 

DST.: Br:iz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bocchat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); DOll, J. C. (1878); Filguciras, T. S. 

(1999). 
SYN.: Poa sclerophylla (Trin.) Kunlh. 

Eragrostis scribneriana Hitchc, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

17(3): 361. 1913. 
REPLACED NAME: Eragrostis pusilla Scribn. ex Seal. 

BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis pusilla Hack. 

= Eragrostis pringlci Mattel. 

Eragrostis secundiflora J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 276. 

1830. T-ProtoL: Hab. in Mexico, Haenke s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, T Haenke s.n. [HT: PR; IT; 
LE, MO-123764, US-79720 (fragm. ex PR)]. 
DST.: Bo!i, Braz, Colo, Giiya, Mexi, Peru, USA, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abranis, L. (1923); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Boechal, S. C. & H. M. Longhi-Wagner 
(2000), Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Cowan, C. P. 
(1983); Davidsc, G. (1994); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. 
& A. O. Chatcr (editorcs generalcs) (1994); Espejo 
Scma, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Filguciras, T. S. (1999); Great Plains Flora 
Association (1986); Judzicwicz, E. J. (1990); Killeen, 
T. J. (1990); Renvoize, S. A. (1984); Renvoize, S. A. 
(1998); Small, J. K. (1933); Sousa S., M. & E. F. 
Cabrera C. (1983); Wimderlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN,: Eragrostis beyrichii J.G. Sm.; Eragrostis cumpacta 

Salzm. ex Steud.; Eragrostis oxylepis (Torr.) Torr.; 
Eragrostis secundiflora var. capitata (E. Fourii.) 
Beetle; Eragrostis vahlii var. subfascicidata Doll, 
Eragrostis yucatana L,H. Harv.; Megastachya 
oxylepis var. capitata E, Vom\\:,Poa secuudiflora (J. 
PresI) Kimth. 

Eragrostis secundiflora var. capitata (E. Fourn.) Beetle, 

Phytologia 54(1): I. 1983. ^<x'^\Qnym\ Megastachya 
oxylepis var. capitata E. Fourn. 
= Eragrostis secundiflora J. Prcsl. 

Eragrostis secundiflora subsp. oxylepis (Torr.) S D. Koch, 

Rhodora 80(823): 397. 1978. Basionym:Foa oxylepis 

Torr. 

DST.: Mcxi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Great Plains Flora Association 

(1986); Koch, S. D. (1978). 
SY N. : Eragrostis interrupta (Nutt.) Trel .; Eragrostis 

oxylepis (Torr.) Torr. ; Eragrostis oxylepis var. 



beyrichii (J.G. 



Sm.) 



Shinncrs; Eragrostis 



secundiflora var. capitata (E. Fourn.) Beetle; 
Eragrostis xcraccrucis Rupr.; Megastachya oxylepis 
(Torr.) E. Fourn.; Megastachya oxylepis E. Fourn. ex 
Hcmsl.; Poa oxylepis Torr. 

Eragrostis secundiflora J. Prcsl subsp. secundiflora. 
DST.: Boli, Braz, Guya, Mexi, Peru, Vcnc. 



LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Koch, S. D. (1978). 

Eragrostis scminuda Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.- 

Pctersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 406. 1830. T- 
ProtoL: V. subsp. Brasilia (Sto. Paulo), Riedel I64L T- 
Specim.: 1 of 3. Pr. Castro, March 1826,5.c. 250 [CT: 

LE]. 2 of 3. Brazil: S. Paolo: in arcnosis pr. Parauna ad 
rivuii Jacarc, Dec. 24, 1141 [HT: LE; IT: Kj. 3 of 3. 
Brazil: St Paulo in arenosis Pr. Parana ad Rivul Jacau, 

G.H. von Langsdorffs.n [IT: US-77384 (fragm.)]. 

DST.: Arge, Braz, Para 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C & H. M. Longhi- 
Wagner (2000); Doll, J. C (1878); Filguciras. T. S. 
(1999), Longhi-Wagner, II. M. (1990); Renvoize, S. 
A. (1984); Renvoize, S. A. (1988). 

SYN.: Eragrostis barbiglumis Jedwabn.; Eragrostis 

semlnuda var. glabrata Doll; Eragrostis scminuda 
var. hirta Doll; Eragrostis scminuda \2iT.pitosissi?na 
Doll; Poa scminuda (Trin.) Kunth. 

Eragrostis scminuda \^r. glabrata Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 143. 

1878. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Brazil: Prov. S. Paulo, in 
campsi siccis graminosique vulgatissima, prope Castro 
et alibi, Riedel s.n. [ST]. 2 of 2. Brazil: Prov. 
Minarum; in campis prope Lagoa Santa, Warming s.n, 

[ST]. 
NOTE: placed here with doubt in E. scminuda, 
- Eragrostis seminuda Trin. 

Eragrostis seminuda var. hirta Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 143. 

1878. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. [T], perhaps LE TRIN- 

2398.01 in part [rjs 2001]. 
NOTE: erroneously attributed to Trin. by Doell. 
= Eragrostis seminuda Trin. 

Eragrostis seminuda var. pilosissima Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 

143. 1878. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. [T], sec notes under var. 

glabrata. 
= Eragrostis seminuda Trin. 

Eragrostis scssilispica Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 14: 97. 1862. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: near 

Austin. T-Speclm.: I of 1. USA: Texas: near Austin, 

Buckley s.n. [LT: PH], LT designated by Hitchcock, 

Man. Grass. U.S. 852 (1935), but without citing a 

specific sheet in a specific herbarium. 

DST.: Mcxi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Corrcll. D. S. 

& M. C Johnston (1970); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 

L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Great 

Plains Flora Association (1986), Harvey, L, H. 

(1984);Hitchcock,A. S. (195!). 
SYN.: Acamptoclados sessilispicus (Buckley) Nash; 

Diplachne rigida Vasey; Eragrostis rigida (Vascy) 

Scribn.; Leptochloa rigida Munro ex Vasey; 

Leplochloa rigida Munro ex Vascy; Rhabdochloa 

rigida (Munro ex Vasc> ) Kuntzc. 

Eragrostis setifolia (Bcnlh.) Stcud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 274. 

1854. Basionym: Poa setifolia Bcnlh. 
NOTE: horn, illcg. 
E. NAME: Eragrostis setifolia Nccs. 
= Eragrostis pastoensis (Kuntli) Trin. 



110 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



Eragrostis silveana Swallen. Amer. J. Bot. 19(5): 438, f. 3. 

1932, T-Protol.: USA: Texas: collected along railroad 
near Taft, 1 Oct 1931, W.A. Silveus 360 [I IT: US- 
1501596]. T-Spccini.; I of 1. USA: Texas: Bexar Co., 
1-31 Oct 1931, W.A. Silveus 360 [HT: US-1501596; 
IT: US-1501597, US-1501598, US-1501599, US- 
1501600]. 
DST.; Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Correll, D. S. 

& M. C. Johnston (1970), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 

L6pcz-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

nitchcock,A. S. (1951). 

Eragrostis simplex Scribn., Bull, Div. Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 7: 

(ed, 3)250, f, 244, 1900, T-Protol.: USA: Florida, 
Curtiss 6073. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Florida: 
Islachatta, dooryard, 26 Aug \i97,A.H. Curtiss 6073 
[LT: US-314438; ILT: US-7481235], LT designated 
by Koch, RhodoraSO: 395 (1978). 

NOTE: as E. browiii Nees (?) 7: (ed. 1) 262, f 244 (1987), 

= Eragrostis cumiiigii Steud. 

Eragrostis simpliciflora (J. Prcsl) Stcud., Syn, PI, Gluniac, 

1: 278, 1854. Bzs'ionym: Afegastadiya simplicijlora J, 
Presl, 
DST.; CoRi, EtSa, Guat, Ilond, Mcxi, Nica, Pana 
LVL ACCPTC: !. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A, A, (1977); Berendsohn 

W. G. & A. E. Aranlva de Gonzalez (1991) 
Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Davidse, G. (1994) 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Cliater (cditores 
generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Fcrrari, and J, Valdes-Reyna (2000); McCIure, F. A. 
(1955); Molina R., A. (1975); Pohl, R. W. (1980). 
SYN.: Mcgastachya simpliciflora J. Prcsl; Poa simpliciflora 

(J. Presl) Kunth. 

Eragrostis solida Nees, Fi, Bras. Enum. PI, 2: 501. 1K29. T- 

Protol,: Brasilia in aitis pascuis inter Gaspar Soares et 
Tapanhoacanga provinciae Minanim, Martins s.n. 
[IIT, B], T-Spccim,: 1 of 2, Brasilia, F. Scllow [ST?: 
LE (ex B)], 2 of 2. Brazil: Minas Gerais: in altis 
Pascuis inter Gasper Soares et Tapanhoacanga, FA',/*, 
von Martins s.n. [IIT: B; IT: BAA-1094 (fragm. ex B), 
M, US-2767404 (fragm.)]. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagner (2000); Filgueiras, T. S. (1991), Fiigueiras, 
T. S. (1999), Foster, R. C (1958); Kiilecn, T. J. 
(1990); Longhi-Wagncr, H, M, (1990); Renvoize, S, 



A. (1984); Renvoize, S, A, (1998). 



SYN.: 



Eragrostis eucampta 



Pilg.; 



Eragrostis 



mattogrossensis fo. glabresccm Pilg.; Eragrostis 

maftogrosscnsis Pilg.; Eragrostis rufescens var. 



Doll; 



spiciramea uoii; tragrostis sofida var. 
mattogrossensis (Pilg.) Pilg.; Poa solida (Nees) 
Kunlh. 

Eragrostis solida var. mattogrossensis (Pilg.) Pilg., Bot. 

Jithrb. Syst. 70(3): 346. 1939. Wd%\onyxn\ Eragrostis 
mattogrossensis Pilg. 

= Eragrostis solida Nees. 

Eragrostis soratcnsis Jcdwabn,, Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 213. 

1924. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. Bolivia: La Paz: vicinis 
Sorata, colle Ticacirca, Feb 1858, G. Mandon 1331 



[ILT: US-1 126604], LT designated by Hitchcock, 
Conlr. U.S. Natl. Iferb. 24(8): 343 (1927). 2 of 2. 
Bolivia: la Paz prope Uuancapampa, PJlanz 366 [ST]. 
DST.: Boli, Peru. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Saravia, E. 

F. (1996); Tovar, 6. (1986); Tovar, 6. (1993). 
S^T^.: Eragrostis botterii E. Foiirn.; Eragrostis 

brachypodon Hack. 

Eragrostis spcctabilis (Pursh) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 

1: 564. 1840. Basionym: Poa spectabilis Pursh. 

DST.: Cana, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Correll, D. S. 

& M. C Johnston (1970); Darke, R. (1999), Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna 
(2000); Fernald, M. (1950); Gleason, H. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1968); Gleason, II. A. & A. Cronquisl 
(1991); Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten (1979); 
Great Plains Flora Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. 
S. (1951); Long, R. W. & 0. Lakcla (1971); Radford, 
A. E. H. E. Ahlcs & C R. Bell (1968), Scoagaiu II. 
J. (1978 [1979]); Small, J. K. (1933); Wund'cilin, R. 
P. (1998). 

SYN.: Eragrostis geyeri SiQud., Eragrostis pcctinacea var 

spcctabilis (Pursh) A. Gray; Eragrostis spectabilis 
var. sparsihirsuta Farw.; Eragrostis spectabilis var. 
spectabilis', Eragrostis velutina Schrad.; Erochloe 
spectabilis (Pursh) Raf. ex B.D. hK\<s.\Megastachya 
spectabilis (Pursh) Roem. & Schult.; Poa amabilis 
Walter; Poa hirsuta var. spectabilis (Pursh) Torn; 
Poa pectinacea Gcyer ex Steud., Poa spectabilis 
Pursh, Poa villosa Beyr. ex Schrad. 

Eragrostis spcctabilis var. sparsihirsuta Faru., Amer. Midi. 

Naturalist 10:306. 1927. 
NOTE: cites E. pectinacea scnsu Nees, Steud., A. Gray, non 

Poa pectinacea Michx. 
= Eragrostis spectabilis (Pursh) Steud. 

Eragrostis spectabilis (Pursh) Steud. var, spectabilis. 
- Eragrostis spectabilis (Pursh) Steud. 

Eragrostis spicata Vascy, Bot. Gaz. 16(5); 146. 189L T- 

Protol.: Mexico: collected at San Jos(5 del Cabo, Lower 
California, 1890^ TS, Brandegee s.n. T-Speciin.: 1 of 

1. Mexico: Baja California Sur: San Josd del Cabo, 12 
Sep 1890, T.S. Brandegee 10 [HT: US-1761638]. 
DST.: Argc. Mexi, Para, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); BurkarU A. 

(1969); Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W.^& R. Moran (1981); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), 

SYN.: Sporobolus temdspica Hack, 

Eragrostis sporoboloides J.G. Sm. & Bush, Annual Rep. 

Missouri Bot. Card. 6: 116, t. 54. 1895. T-Protol.: 
USA: Sapula, Indian Territory: Jul 1894, fi.f. Bush 
s.n. 
= Eragrostis hirsuta (Michx,) Nees. 

Eragrostis sienoclada J. Prcsl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 278. 

1830. T-Protol, ; Habitat in montanis Peruviae [changes 

to "I lab. ad Montc-Rey, Californiae," in the 
Addendum on p. 'i5\\Jlacnke s.n. [11 f: PR], probably 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



Ill 



Pliilippincs, not Peru as cited in protologuc; see notes 
for more data on the type. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. 
Philippines: Luzon I., T. Ilacnke s.n. [IT; US-7972i 
(fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Peru, T Hacnke sn. [IT: US-79722 
(fragm.)]. 
- Eragrostis gangctica (Roxb.) Stcud. 

Eragrosfis stenophylla Hochst. ex Miq., Anal. Bot. Ind. 2: 27. 

1851. T-Protol.: prope urbem Mangalor, A/e/z 664, 



Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 
Phillips, S. (1995). 

SYN.; Cynodon abyssinicus (Jacq.) Ra^pail, Eragrostis 

abessinica (Jacq.) Link., Eragrosfis abyssinica (Jacq.) 
Link; Eragrostis pilosa subsp. abyssinica (Jacq.) 
Asch. & Graebn.; Eragrostis pilosa var. tef {7mco,) 

Fieri; Poa abyssinica Jncq.', Poa ccrealis Salisb.; Poa 
(efZ\icc. 



'Ilochst. mss.". T-SpeciiTi.: 1 of 1. India: Mangalore Eragrostis tenax (Kunlh) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (cd. 2) 1: 



[ST: L]. 
NOTE: also Verb. Nederi. Inst. III. 4: 39 (1851). 

- Eragrostis gangctica (Roxb.) Steud. 

Eragrostis subatra Jedwabn., Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 202. 1924. 

T-Protol.: Bolivia: prope La Paz, Rusby 80, The 
citation of Rusby as the collector is an error for Bang, 
fide Nicora, Boissiera 54: 63 (1998). T-Specim.: 1 of 
L Bolivia: prope La Paz, 1889, M Bang 80 [IT: K, 
US-822065], The collector is erroneously cited as 
Rusby in the protologue. 
= Eragrostis nigricans (Kunth) Steud. 

Eragrostis sudans Griseb., Cat. PI. Cub. 227. 1866. T-Protol.: 

Cuba or., C Wright 3422, T-Specim.: ! of 1. Cuba, 
1860-1864, C. Wright 3422 [HT: ?; IT: MO-2067270, 
US-91 1645, US-79723 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis gUitinosa (Sw.) Trin. 

Eragrostis supcrba Peyr., Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., 

Malh.-Naturwiss. CI. 38: 584. 1860. T-Protol.: In locis 
umbrosis prope Benguela ac Loanda, Wawra 244. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Angola, Wa^\ra244 [HT: W]. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Guya, Hond, Mexi, USA, Drug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated, introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Bor, N. L. 

(1960); Cope, T. A. (1992): Davidse, G. (1994); 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chatcr (edilorcs 
generales) (1994), Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gibbs Russell, 
G. E, W. G. Wclman, E. Rciticf, K. L. Immelman, G. 
Gerniishuizen, B, J. Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 
Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Judzicwicz, E. J. (1990); 

Molina R., A. (1975); Phillips, S. (1995). 

Eragrostis snallcnii Hitchc, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 23(10): 

451. 1933. T-Protol.: USA: Collected on sandy prairie 
at Riviera, Texas, 8 Jun 1931,7.7?. SyvaUen 184^ [HT: 
US-1535332J. T-Specim.: 1 of L USA: Texas, 8 Jun 
1931, JR. Swallcn 1847 [HT: US-1535332; IT: US- 
3160855, US-2852654]. 

DST.:Mcxi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Corrcll, D. S. 

& M. C. Johnston (1970); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. 

Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1951). 

Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1918: 62. 

1918. Basionym: Poa tef Zucc, 
DST.: Braz, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated, introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Boechat, S. C 

& H. M. Longhi-Wagner (2000); Bor, N. L. (1960); 
Cope, T. A. (1992); Giblis Russell, G. E, W. G. 
Welman, E. Rcitief, K, L. Immclman, G. 
Gcrmishuizcn, B. J. Picnaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 



564. 1840. Basionym: Poa tenax Kunth. 
- Eragrostis condcnsata (J. Prcsl) Steud. 

Eragrostis tenella (L.) P. Beauv. ex Rocm. & Schull., Syst. 

Veg. 2: 576. 1817. Basionym: Poa tenella L. 
NOTE: see Notes under Eragrostis amabilis for the use of 

this name. 
= Eragrostis amabilis (L.) Wight & Arn. ex Nees. 



Eragrostis tenella \^t. plumosa (Retz.) Stapf, Fk Brit. India 

7: 315. 1896. Basionym: Poa phunosa Retz. 
= Eragrostis amabilis (L) Wight & Arn. ex Nees. 

Eragrostis tenella var. viscosa (Retz.) Stapf, Fl. Brit. India 

7(22): 315-316, 1896. Basionym: Poa viscosa Retz. 
= Eragrostis viscosa (Retz.) Trin. 

Eragrostis tcnuifolia (A. Rich.) Hochst. ex Steud., Syn. PI. 

Gluniac. 1: 268. 1854. Basionym: /'ot7 tcnuifolia A. 

Rich. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Chil, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Gual, 

Hond, Mexi, Pana, Peru, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C & H. M. Longhi- 
Wagner (2000); Bor, N. L. (1960), Brako, L. & J. L. 
Zarucchi (1993), Brccdlove, D. E. (1986); Davidse, 
G. (1994); Davidse, C, M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater 
(editores generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 
Filgueiras, T. S. (1991); Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. 
Welman, E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman, G. 
Germishuizen, B. J, Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 
Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Jorgensen, P. M. & C. 
Ulloa U. (1994), Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez 
(eds.) (1999); Killecn, T. J. (1990); Nelson, C 
(1979); Phillips, S. (1995); Pohl, R. W. (1980); 

Tovar,6-(1993). 
SYN.: Eragrostis coHocarpa K. Schum.; Eragrostis 

parviglumis Hochst. ex Steud.; Poa temtifolia A. 

Rich. 

Eragrostis tenuis Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 273. 1854. 
NOTE: nom. nov., as a comb., but based on hom. illeg. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa tenuis Elliott. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa tenuis Clairv. 
= Eragrostis capillaris (L.) Nees. 

Eragrostis tenuis A. Gray, Manual (ed. 6) 661. 1890. T- 

Protok: USA: Ohio to Illinois, Kansas and southward, 
sandy soil. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis tenuis Steud. 

= Eragrostis trichodcs (Nutt.) Alph. Wood. 

Eragrostis tenuis var. texensis Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

1(2): 59. 1890. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: In the region of 
the rio Grande, in Texas, from Brazos Santiago to El 
Paso Co., Reverchon c^ Nealley s.n. l-Specim,: 1 of I. 



112 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



USA; Texas, 1884, G.C. Nealley & J. Reverchon 848 Eragrostis trichocolea \3i.Jloridana (Uitclic.) Wilhcrspooii, 



[IIT:IJS-1761634]. 
= ErR^rostis trichodcs (Nutt.) Alph. Wood. 

Eragroslis tcphrosanihos ScIiuU., Mant. 2: 316. 1824. T- 

ProtoL: Martiiiica. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Martinique, no 

dale, F.W. Sieber 33 (FL Martin no.) [IIT: M, TF: K, 

MO-201 170, P, US-1 127056, US-1 127055]. 
= Eragrostis pcctinacca var. miscrrima (E, Fourn.) 

Reeder. 

K.ragrostis terccanlis Renvnize, Gram. Bolivia 324. 1998. T- 

Protol.: Bolivia; La Paz: Aroma, Patacamaya, Lara & 
Parker 3 Ie[\\i:\UO], 

DST.; Doli. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998). 

Eragrostis thimbergiana war.afrafa Schwcinf., Bull. Herb. 

Boissier, scr. 2, App, 2: 101. 1894. T-Protol.: Eritrea: 
Kohaito, Schmnfurih 75. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. [HT: ?; 
IT:K]. 
= Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees. 

Eragrostis tracyi Hitchc., Amer. J. Bot. 21(3): 130, f 1. 

1934. T-ProtoL: USA: Florida: collected on Sanibel 
Island, 19 May 1901, 5.A/ Tracy 7168 [IIT: US- 
441983]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Florida: Lcc Co.: 
Sanibel Island, 19 May 1901, i'.A/. Tracy 7168 [IIT: 
US-441983;IT:US-909970]. 
= Eragrostis pcctinacca (Mich\.) Nees. 

Eragrostis trcniula Hochst. ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glimiac. 1: 

269. 1854. T-Protol.: Scndung von POanzcn aus 

Nubien und Kordofan, Kotschy, Hrbr. im. it, 6. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Nnbia: in arenosis prope pagum Abu- 
Gerad, 18 Sept. 1839, Kotschy 6 [IT: LE]. 
DST.; Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 

Wagncr (2000); Boechat, S. C. & P. M. Peterson 
(1995); Bor, N. L. (1960); ORSTOM (1988); 
Phillips, S. (1995). 

Er:tgrostis triangularis Ilcnrard, Rcpert. Spec. Nov. Regni 

Veg. 23(18-25); 301. 1927. T-Proto].: Paraguay: 

Coaguazu, in campis, 24 Mar 1876, fi. Rakmsa 236 

[HT: L-908.88-310]. T-Specim.: 1 of L Paraguay: 
Caaguazu: In canipis, 24 Mar 1876, .5. Balansa 236 

[HT: L-908-88-310; IT: K, P, US-77378 (fragm.), US- 

91397 (fragm.)]. 
DST.: Para. 
LVL ACCPTC: 1. 

Eragrostis trichocolea Hack. & Arechav., AiialesMus. Nac. 

Montevideo 1: 444. 1896. T-Protol.: En terrcnos 

arcnosos dc la costa del Rio de la Plata. T-Specim.: 1 

of L Uruguay [T: BAA-3933 (fragm.), MVFA 
(fragm.)]. 

NOTE: also, Las Gramim Urug, 384 (1896). 

DST.: Arge, Briiz, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Boechat, S. C & H. M. LonghiAVagncr 



Ann. Missouri Bot, Card. 64; 328. 1977. Basionym: 
Eragrostis floridana Hitchc. 
= Eragrostis polytricha Nees. 

Eragrostis trichodcs (Nutt.) Alph. Wood, Class-book Bot. 

(ed. 1861) 796. 1861. Basionym: Poa trichodcs Null 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC; 1; cultivated. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Bor, N. L. 

(1960); Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 

Darke, R. (1999), Fernald, M. (1950); Gleasnn, 11 A. 

& A. Cronquist (1968); Glcason, H. A. & A. 

Cronquist (1991); Great Plains Flora Association 

(1986), Hitchcock, A. S. (1951). 
SYN,: Eragrostis capillacea Jed\s aba.; Eragrostis 

grandijlora J.G. Sm. & Busli, Eragrostis pilifcra 

Scheele; Eragrostis tenuis A. Gniy; Eragrostis tenuis 

var. texensis Vascy; Eragrostis trichodcs \a:.pilifcra 

(Scheele) Fernald; Eragrostis trichodcs var. 

trichodes\ Poa trichodcs Nutt. 

Eragrostis trichodcs \m.pilifcra (Scheele) Fernald, Rhodora 

40(477): 331. 1938. Basionym: Eragrostis pilifera 

Scheele. 

= Eragroslis trichodcs (Tvlull.) Alph. Wood. 

Eragrostis trichodcs (Nutt.) Alph. Wood var. trichodcs. 
= Eragrostis trichodcs (Nutt.) Alph. Wood. 

Eragrostis trichophora Coss. & Durieu, Bull. Soc. Bot. 

France 2: 31 L 1855. 
NOTE; nom. nov., see also C\pl. Sci. Alger. 2; 150 (1855), 

based on E. gcniculata Durieu (sub. Poa) in ExpL 

Sci. Alg. I. 40, f. 4, non E. gcniculata Nees, Accd. to 

Chase & Niles, Index Grass Sp. 
RLPLAC'FDNAME: Eragrostis genicuhita (Dur.) Dur. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis gcnicntata Nees & 

Meyen. 
DST.; USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated, introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Anonymous (1986); Gibbs Russell, 

G. E, W. G. Welman, E. Reiticf. K. L. Imniehnan, G. 

Gcrmishuizcn, B. J. Picnaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 

Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Phillips, S. (1995). 

SYN.: Eragrostis athcrstonci Stapf; Eragrostis henrardii 

Jansen. 

Eragrostis tricuspis Trin., Mem. Acad, Imp. Sci. St.- 

Pctersbourg, Ser 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 414. 1830. T- 
Protol.: USA: Carolinas, ^t.*£/i/v. sm. 
NOTE: nom. illeg.; base on Tricuspis caroliniana Beauv., 

but no blocking name present in 1830. 
= Tridens flavns (L.) Hitchc. 

Eragrostis triJJora Ekman, Ark. Bot. 11(4); 42, t. 4, f. 1. 

1912. T-Protol.: Bonpland, locis siccis, saxosis, apricis 
(campinas, incol.) trans "Martires chico" amnem, 
20.1.08, Ekman 714 [HT: S], T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Argentina: Misiones, 20 Jan 1908, E.L Ekman 714 
[HT: S; IT: BAA-1100 (fragm.), CORD, SI, US- 
602662, US-77381 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis airoldes Nees. 



(2000); Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Burkart, A. (1969); Eragrostis tristis Jcdwabn., Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 205. 1924. T- 



Hilchcock, A. S. (1951); Rosengurtl, B., B. R. 
Arrillaga de Maffci & P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); 
Small, J. R. (1933), Wunderlin, R. P. (1998). 



Spccim.: 1 of 3, Bolivia: ad Iluancapamha, 15 Feb 
1910. PJlanz 359 [ST: BAA-1 101 (fragm. ex B)]. 2 of 
3. Bolivia: Quechisla, A'. Bender 19 [ST: ?; 1ST: US- 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



113 



2767396 (fragm.)]. 3 of 3. Peru: propc Ti\cn2i,Meyen 

s.n, [ST]. 
= Eragrostis nigricans (Kunth) Slcud. 

Eragrostis unmcrvia (J. Prcsl) Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 

278. 1854. Basionjm: Mcgastachya uninervia J. Prcsl. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J. PresI) N. Snow. 

Eragrostis unioloides (Retz.) Nees ex Steud., Syn. PI. 

Glumac. 1: 264. 1854. Basionym: Poa unioloides 

Retz. 
DST.: Cari, Ecua, FrGu, Guya. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bor, N. L. (1960); Brccdlovc, D. E. 

(1986), Davidse, G. (1994); Davidsc, G, M. Sousa S. 



Eragrostis yahlii v^r.subfasciculala Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 155. 

1878. T-Protol.: [Brazil], no specimens mentioned for 

this var. 
= Eragrostis secundiflora J PresI. 

Eragrostis val!si5!na Boechat & Longlii -Wagner, Iheringia, 

Bot. 51(2): 179, f. lA-C, 2-3A^D. 1998. T-Protol.: 
Brasilia: Mato Grosso do Sul: Corumba, 19 Nov 1977, 
A!lem <i Vieria 1335 [IIT: CEN; IT: MO, US]. 

DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & 11 M. Longhi- 



Wagncr (1998); Boechat, S. C. & H 
Wagner (2000). 



M. Longhi 



& A. O. Chater (cdilorcs generates) (1994); Espejo Eragrostis velutina Schrad., Linnaca 12(4): 451. 1838. T- 



Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wootcn (1979); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Jorgensen, P. M. & S, Leon- 
Ydncz (cds.) (1999); Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); Small, 
L K. (1933); Wunderlin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.: Poa unioloides Retz. 

Eragrostis imionis Steud., Syn. PI Glumac. 1: 273. 1854. T- 

Protol.: USA: Ohio: Miami, ''Poa capiUaris Hrbr. 
Frank, un. it 1835 (nonl837) Miami, Am. sptr." Ohio, 
Accd. to Chase & Nilcs, Index Grass Sp. T-Spccim.: 1 
of 1. USA: Ohio: in ditionc Miami, 1835,/i/-ftr. Frank 
[IT: herb. Caen; IT: US-2851266 (fragm.)]^ 
= Eragrostis pectinacca (Michx.) Nees. 

Eragrostis urbaniana Hitchc, Symb. Antill. 7: 167. 1912. 

T-Protol.: West Indies: Netherlands Antilles: Ins. 
Bonaire, 25 Feb 1885, W.F.R. Suringar s.n. [HT: US- 
690359]. T-Specim.: I of I. Netherlands Antilles: 
Bonaire, 25 Feb 1885, W.EK Suringar s.n. [HT: US- 

690359]. 
DST.: Cari, 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1936); Lindeman, J. C & A. L. Stoffers (1963); 



Liogier, R & L. Martorell (1982). 



Enum. PI. 



Eragrostis vahlii (Roem. & Schult.) Nees, FL Bras. 

2: 499-500. 1829. Basionym; Po.a vahlii Rocm. & 

Schult. 
NOTE: var. alfaNecs. 
= Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunth) Steud 

Eragrostis vahlii var. coarctata Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 155. 

1878. T-Protol.: Brazil, 2 synlypes cited. T-Specim.: 1 
of 2. Brazil: ad Congo Rubim, no dale,y.fi.£. Pohl 
3247 [ST: 1ST: US-1 126606, W]. 2 of 2. Brazil: Bahia: 
propc Ilhcos in sabulosis ad ostia fluvii Rio de 
Caxoeira, Martins s.n. [ST: M]. 

NOTE: pro parte. 

- Eragrostis rufescens Schrad. ex Schult. 

Eragrostis vahlii var. polyanlha Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 155. 

1878. T-Prolol.: [Bra/it], no specimens mentioned for 

this var. 
= Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunth) Steud 

Eragrostis vahlii var. sejimcta Doll, FL Bras. 2(3): 155. 1878. 

T-Pmtol.: [Brazil], no specimens mentioned for this 

var. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Doll, J. C (1878). 
= Status not yet determined. 



Proto!,: USA: Carolina, Beyrich. 
NOTE: cites "Poa villoa Beyr.— Carolina" (pub. as syn.). 
= Eragrostis spcctabilis (Pursh) Steud. 

Eragrostis veraecrucis Rupr., Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 

9(2): 235. 1842. 
NOTE: nom. nud.; cited again by Fourn. 1886 as syn. of 

Megastachya oxytepis captitata Fourn. 
= Eragrostis secundiflora subsp. oxylepis (Torr ) S.D. 

Koch. 

Eragrostis vernix Boechat & Longhi-Wagner, Iheringia, 

BoL 51(2): 181, f ID-E, 2-3E-II. 1998. T-Protol.: 
Brasilia: Pernambuco: Garanhuns, 18 Aug 1969, 
Tenorio 69-808 [lUAVK]. 

DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Boechat, S. C. & H. M. Longhi- 



Wagner (1998); Boechat, S. C. & H. M. 
Wagner (2000). 



Longhi 



Eragrostis verticillata (Cav.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 71, 

[162 queried], 176. 1812. BasionynrPoa verticillata 
Cav. 

NOTE: nom. nud.????. 

= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Eragrostis verticillata (Cav.) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 

575. 1817. Basionym: Poa verticillata Cav. 
NOTE: hom. illeg.???. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Eragrostis villamontana Jedwabn., Bot. Arch. 5(3-4): 197. 

1924. T-Protol. : Bolivia: prov. Tarija, ad Villamontes, 
PJJanz 632. T-Specim.: I of 1. Bolivia: Tarija: 
Villamontes, K. PJlanz 632 [\IT: B; IT: BAA-1105 
(fragm. ex B), US-77380 (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: as Eragrostis "Villamontana". 

= Eragrostis orthoclada Hack. 

Eragrostis villosa Salzm. ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 276. 

1854. T-Protol.: Xix^sW.Sahmann s.n. T-Specim.: I of 
1. Brazil: Bahia, P. Sahmann s.n. (Herb. Fischer) 
[HT: P, IT: K, LE (2 sheets), BAA^l 106 (fragm.), US- 

79727 (fragm.)]. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Eragrostis villosa Trin. 

= Eragrostis articulata (Schrank) Nees. 

Eragrostis virescens J. PresI, Reliq. Hacnk. U4-5): 276. 

1830. T-ProtoL: Hab. in Cordilleris chilcnsibus, 
Haenke s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Chile, T. Haenke s.n. 



114 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



[IIT: PR; IT: D, DAA-1 100 (fragm. ex B), LE-TRIN- Eragroslis vulgaris Coss, & Germ., Fl. Env. Paris 2: 641. 
2413.01, US-2942410(fragm.)]. 



Argentina: Prov. Tucumaii, Lillo hb 



- Eragrostis mcxicana subsp. vircsccns (J. Prcsl) S.D. 

Koch & Sanchez Vega. 

Eragrostis virescens var. trachypliylla Hack., Analcs Mus. 

Nac. BuLMios Aires 13: 505. 1906. T-Protol.: 

3192 [hb. 

Stuckert 1 4886], T-Specim.: I of 1. Argentina: 
Tucuinan, Stuckert herb, arg. 14866 ex Lillo Herb, 
arg. 3192 [IT: US-294241 1 (fragm.)]. 
" Eraj^rostis pastocnsis (Kiiiuh) Trin. 

Eragrostis virginicu (Zuccagni) Stcud., Syn. PI. Gluiiiac, 1: 

273. 1854. Basionym: Poa virginica Zuccagni. 
= Eragrostis rcfracta (Muhl. ex EllioU) Scribn. 

Eragrostis virletii E. Fourn,, Mexic. PI. 2: 116. 1886. T- 

Prolol.: Mexico: San Fuis dc Potosi, Virlet 1391. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: San Luis Potosi, 1851,^/. 
Virlet D'Aoust 1391 [IT: US-2850749 (fragm )]. 
= Eragrostis ciliani'n.sis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis \iscosa (Rctz.) Trin.. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.- 

Pelcrsbourg, Ser 6, Sci. Math. 1(4): 397. 1830. 
Basion>ni: Poa viscosa Rctz. 
DST.: CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, Hond, Mexi, Nica, Pana. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. HY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Berendsohn, W. G. & A. E. Araniva dc 
Gonzalez (1991); Ror, N. L. (1960); Breedlove, D. E. 
(1986); Davidse, G. (1994); Davidse, G, M. Sousa S. 
& A. O. Chater (editores generales) (1994); Espejo 
Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 

(2000); Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Welman, E. 

Reitief, K. L. hnmelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. 
Picnaar, M. van Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 
(1987); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1927); Jorgcn^scn, P. M. & S. Leon-Yancz 
(cds.) (1999); McClure, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. 
(1983); Molina \L, A (1975); Phillips, S. (1995); 
Pohl, R. W. (1980); Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins 
(1964), 

SYN.: Eragrostis retinorrhoea Sleud.; Eragrostis tenclla 

var. viscosa (Retz.) Stapf, Eragrostis viscosa var. 
pilosissima (Hoch^t. ex A. Rich.) y\{)Q\\^i.\ Eragrostis 
warmingii Hack.; Poa viscosa Rciz.; Poa viscosa var. 

pilosissifna Ilochst. ex A. Rich. 

Eragrostis viscosa Scribn., Bull. Div. Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 11: 

51, t. 7. 1898. T-Specim.; 1 of 2. USA: Texas: 
Midland, 2 Aug 1897, JG. Smith s.n. [ST: IJS- 
1768944]. 2 of 2. USA: Texas: Laredo, Afr^. Anna B, 
Nickels SM. [ST: US]. 
NOTE: horn, illcg. 

E, NAME: Eragrostis viscosa (Rctz,) Trin. 
= Eragroslis curtipediccllata Buckley. 

Eragrostis viscosa var. pilosissima (Hochst. ex A. Rich.) 

HochsL, Flora 38: 329. 1S55. Basionym: Tc^a viscosa 
\2ii. pilosissima HochsL ex A. Rich. 
= Eragrostis viscos;i (Rctz.) Trin. 

Eragrostis vulgaris], Prcsl ex Steud., Nomcncl. Bot. (ed. 2) 

1: 564. 1840. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. i)i Eragrostis poaeformish'mk, 
= Eragrostis minor Host. 



1845. 
NOTE: iiom. nov., nom. illeg. superlL; equals Eragrostis 

minor Host (E. vulgaris PresI ex Steud. Nom. Bot. 

2(1): 564 (1840), as syn. of E, poaeformis Link) 

[Index of Grass Species]. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa eragrostis L. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis eragrostis (L.) P. Beauv. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis minor HosL 
= Eragrostis minor Host. 

Eragrostis vulgaris snhs}^. barreltcri (Daveau) R.CV. Douin, 

Fl. 111. France 12: 32. 1927-1932. Basionym: 
Eragrostis harrelieri Daveau. 
= Eragrostis barrclieri Daveau. 

Eragrostis vulgaris subsp. megastachya (Koeler) Douin, Fl. 

111. France 12: 32. 1934. Basion)m;/^oa megastachya 
Koclcr. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (AIL) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Eragrostis vulgaris var. megastachya (Koeler) Coss. & 

Germ., Fl. Env. Paris 2: 641. 1845. Basionym: /*oa 
megastachya Koeler. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex .lanch. 

Eragrostis vulgaris var. microstachya Coss. & Germ., Fl. 

Env. Paris 2:641. 1845. 
NOTE: nom. nov., nom. illeg. supcrfl.; Eragrostis 

poaeoides P. Bcauv. and Poa eragrostis L. cited. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa eragrostis L. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eragrostis eragrostis (L,) P. Beauv. 
= Eragrostis minor Host. 

Eragrostis vulgaris subsp. poaeoides (P. Beauv. ex Rocm. & 

Schult.) R.CV. Douin, Fl. 111. France 12: 32. 1927- 
1932. Basionym: Eragrostis poaeoides P. Beauv. ex 
Roem. & Scliult. 
= Eragrostis minor Host. 

Eragrostis warmingii Hack., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 52: 305. 1902. 

T-Protol.: Venezuela: in campis propc Las Trinclicras, 

Warming s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of I. Venezuela: Las 

Trinchcras, ]H9\-\^92,J.ER fVarmingii 315 [IT: US- 
79729]. 

NOTE: as Eragrostis "Warmingii" 

- Eragrostis viscosa (Retz.) Trin. 

Eragrostis wcberbaiieri Pilg., BoL Jahrb. Syst. 37: 375. 

1906. T-Prolol.: Peru: Ancachs: inter Samanco el 
Caraz infra Pampa Romas, in formatione apcrla, 
praccipue gramina gerente intcrniixtis fruticibus el 
Cactaceis, 2300 m. May 1903, Weberbauer 3189 [HT: 
B]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Peru: Ancash: Pampa Roman 
entre Samanco y Caraz, 2300 m, 29 May 1903,^. 
Weberbauer 3189 [HT: B; IT. BAA-1100 (fragm. ex 
B), US-2767411]. 

' NOTE: as Eragrostis "Webcrbaucri'\ 
DST.: Chil, Peru. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Hitchcock, A, S. (1927); Macbride, 

J. F. (1936),Nicora, E. G. (1994); Tovar, 6. (1993). 

Eragrostis weigeltlana Bush, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Louis 13: 

180. 1903. T-Protol.: Surinam, 1827, Weigclt. 
NOTE: nom. altern., cites Poa weigeltiana Rchb. ex Trin., 

but that a nom. inval. (see also Neeragrosiis w.). 
= Eragrostis reptans (Michx.) Nees. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



115 



Eragrostis ymcatana L.H. Harv., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

81(5): 406. 1954. T-Protol.: Mexico: Yucatan: in locis 
aridis sccus viani propc Progreso, J./J. SwaHen 2933 
[UT. US-1537194]. T-Specim.: 1 of I. Mexico: 
Yucatan: near Progreso, 11 Aug 1932-15 Aug 1932, 
JR. Swollen 2933 [UT: US-1537194]. 
= Eragrostis seciindiflora J. Presl. 

Eremochloe S. Watson, Botany Fortieth Parallel 5: 382. 

1871. TYPE: Eremochloe kingii S, Watson. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. 

Eremochloe bigelovii S. Watson, Botany Fortieth Parallel 

382,t.40,f. 1-9. 1871. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: near El 
Paso, Frontcra, Wright 2028. T-Spccim.: 1 of 3. USA: 
Texas: Grassy rocky hills near Frontera, in small 
compact bushes, 4 May 1852, C. Wright 2028 [ST: 
Gil, IST:K, US-81934 (fragm.)], field number 277. 2 
of 3. USA: Texas: Mex. Boundary Surv. chiefly in the 
valley of the Rio Grande, below Dofiana, rocky hills 
Frontera, 4 May 1852 (or 4 July 1852), Parry, 
Bigelow, Wright & Schott s.n. [ST: Gil, IST:K]. 3 of 
3. USA: Texas: Frontera, Mex. Boundar> Surv., 4 May 
]^52, Bigelow s.n, [ST: Gil; 1ST: US-81934 (fragm. 

exGH)]. 
^ Blepharidachnc bigelovii(S. Watson) Hack. 

Eremochloe kingii S. Watson, Botany Fortieth Parallel 382, t. 

40, f 10-16. 1871. T-Protol.: USA: Nevada: Trinity 
Mountains, Watson s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
Nevada: Trinity Mts., May 1868, Watson 1300 [UT: 

GH; IT: US-81943 (fragm.)]. 
= Bleplmridachne kingii (S. W'atson) Hack. 

Eremochloe thurberi S. Watson, Botany Fortictli Parallel pi 

40, r 1-9. 1871. T-Protol.: USA: Texas. 
= Blepharidachnc bigclovii (S. Watson) Hack. 



Erioneuron Nash, fi. s.e. u.s. 143, 1327. 1903. 

TYPE: Erioneuron pilosum (Buckley) Nash. 
TRTD. BY: Valdcs-Reyna, J. & P. M. Peterson. 
NHT: Munroinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 3 SUBSP.: 7. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Valdes-Reyna, J. & S. L. Hatch, (1997); 

Valdes-Reyna, J. & S. L. Hatch, (1995). 

Erioneuron avenaccum (Kunth) Tateoka, Amen J. Bot. 

48(7): 572. 1961. Basionym: Triodia avenaceaY^wnXh. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and y Valdes-Reyna (2000); McVaugh. R. 



grandiflora Vasey; Uralepis avenacca (Kunth) 
Kunth; Uralepis axenacea wat.viridijlora E. Fourn. 

Erioneuron avenaceum (Kunth) Tateoka var. avenaceum. 
DST.:Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977). 

SYN.: Tridens avenaceus \?iX . avenaceus; Triodia avenacea 

var. avenacea. 

Erioneuron avenaceum var. cabrerae (Caro) E.A. Sanchez, 

Lilloa 36: 115. 1983. Basion}m: Dasyochloa 
longiglumis var cabreraeCsiro. 
= Erioneuron avenaceum var. longiglumc (Parodi) Anton. 



Erioneuron avenaceum var. grandiflorwn (Vasey) Gould, 

Brittonia 26(1): 60. 1974. Basionym: Triodia 

grandiflora Vasey. 

= Erioneuron avenaceum (Kunth) Tateoka. 

Erioneuron avenaceum var. kurtzianum (Parodi) Anton, 



Kurtziana 10: 62. 1977. Basionym: 7'r/Jt*/?.f avenaceus 

var. kurtziana Parodi. 

DST.: Arge. 

LVL ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anton, A M. (1977); Valdes-Rcyna, 

J. &S.L. Hatch (1997). 

SYN.: Dasyochloa kurtziana (Parodi) Caro; Tridens 

avenaceus var. kurtziana Parodi. 

Erioneuron avenaceum var. longiaristalum (Kurtz) Beetle, 

Phytologia 49(1): 39. 1981. Basionym: Triodia 
avenacea var. longearistala Kurtz. 

NOTE: as Erioneuron avenaceum "longearistatunf. 

= Erioneuron pilosum var. longearistatum (Kurtz) Anton. 

Erioneuron avenaceum var. longiglume (Parodi) Anton, 

Kurtziana 10: 65. 1977. Basionym: Tridens avenaceus 
var longiglumis T'drod']. 
DST.: Arge. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anton, A. M. (1977); Valdes-Reyna, 

J. &S.L. Hatch (1997). 

SYN.: Dasyochloa longiglumis (Parodi) CtiW, Dasyochloa 

longiglumis var cabrerae Caro; Dasyochloa 

longiglumis var. longiglumis; Erioneuron avenaceum 
var. cabrerae (Caro) E.A. Sanchez; Tridens 
avenaceus var. longiglumis Parodi. 

Erioneuron avenaceum var. ncallcyi (Vasey) Gould, Brittonia 

26(1): 60. 1974. Basionym: Triodia nealleyi Vasty. 

= Erioneuron ncalleyi (Vasey) Tateoka. 



(1983); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Vald^s-Reyna, J. & Erioneuron avenaceum var. pygmneuni (Hack.) Anton, 



S.L. Hatch (1997). 
SYN.: Dasyochloa avenacea (Kunth) Willd. ex Stcud.; 

Erioneuron avenaceum var. grandijlorum (Vasey) 
Gould; Erioneuron grandijlorum (Vasey) Tateoka; 
Erioneuron nealleyi var. grandijlorum (Vasey) 
Beetle; Koeleria avenacea (Kunth) Sprcng.; 
SiegHngia avenacea (Kualh) Kuntzc; Sieglingia 
avenacea var. grandiflora (Vasey) L.H. Dewey; 
Sieglingia grandiflora (Vasey) Be al ; Sieglingia 
nealleyi (Vasey) L.H. Dewey; Tricuspis avenaceus 
(Kunth) Thurb. ex A. Gray; Tridens avenaceus 
(Kunth) I lilchc; Tridens grandiflora (Vasey) 
Wooton &i Standi., Triodia avenacea Kunth; Triodia 
avenacea var. breviaristata Kurtz; Triodia 



Kurtziana 10: 63. 1977. Basionym: rnW/a avenacea 

var. pygmaea 1 lack. 
DST,: Arge, Boli. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anton, A. M. (1977), Valdes-Reyna, 

J. &S.L. Hatch (1997). 
SYN.: Dasyochloa pygmaea (Hack.) Caro; Tridens 

avenaceus van pygmaea (Hack.) Parodi; Triodia 
avenacea v^r. pygmaea Hack. 

Erioneuron grandijlorum (Vasey) Tateoka, Amcr. J. Bot. 48: 

572. 1961. Basionym: Triodia grandiJIoraV ixscy. 
= Erioneuron avenaceum (Kunlli) Tateoka. 

Erioneuron ncallcyi (Vasey) Tateoka, Amcr. J. Bot. 48(7): 

572. 1961. Basionym: Triodia nealleyi Vasey. 



116 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



DST.:Mexi,USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Viildcs-Rcyna (2000); Vald^s-Rcyna, 
L&S.L. Hatch (1997). 

SYN.: Erioncuron avcnaceum v^x.neallcyi (Vasey) Gould; 

Sieglingia ncalleyi (Vasey) L.H. Dewey; Tricuspis 
nealleyi (Vasey) A. Heller; Tridem ncalleyi (Vasey) 
Wooton & Standi.; Triodia nealleyi Vasey; Tnodia 
nealleyi Vasey. 

Erioneuron nealleyi var. grandijlorum (Vasey) Beetle, 

Phylologia 27(6): 442. 1974. Basioiiym: Triodia 
grandijlora Vasey. 
= Erioncuron avcnaceum (Kuiitli) Tatcoka. 

Erioncuron pilosum (Buckley) Nash, Fl. S.E. U.S. 144, 

1327. 1903. Basionym: Uralepis pilosa\iuQ.V\<:y . 

DST.: Arge, Mexi, USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren. N. H. Hohngren & J. 
L. Reveal (1977), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Ferrarl, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000), Hickman, J. C. 
(1993); McVaugh. R. (1983); Munz, P. A. (1974); 
Vald^s-Reyiia, J. & S. L. Hatch (1997). 

SYN.: Sieglingia acuminata (Bcnlh. ex Vasey) Kuntzc; 

Sleglifigia pilosa (Bucklcj) Nash; Tricuspis 
acuminata Munro ex A. Gray; Tricuspis pilosa 
(Buckley) A. 1 Idler; Tridens pilosus (Buckley) 
Hitchc.; Triodia acuminata Benth, ex \d&ty\Triodia 
pilosa (Buckley) Merr.; IJralepis pilosa Buckley. 

Erioneuron pilosum var. argentinum (Kuntze) Nicora, 

Darwiniana 18: 104. 1973. Basionym: Sieglingia 
argenlina Kuntze. 
= Erioncuron pilosum var. longcaristatum (Kurtz) Anton. 

Erioncuron pilosum var. aristiglumis (Caro) E.A. Sinchcz, 

1 illoa 36: 135. 1983. Basionym: Dasyochloa 
argentina var. aristiglumis Caro. 
- Erioneuron pilosum var longearistatum (Kurtz) Anton. 

Erioncuron pilosum var longearistatum (Kurtz) Anton, 



Erioneuron pilosum var. mcndocinum (Parodi) Nicora, 



Kurtziana 10: 58. 1977. Uw's^wmym. Triodia avenace a 
var. longcaristata Kurtz. 
DST,; Arge. 

LVL.ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anton, A. M. (1977); Nicora, E. G, 

M. E. De Paula, A. M. Faggi, M. del C. Mariano, A. 

M. Miante A.. L. R. Parodi, C A. Petetin, F. A. Roig 

& Z. Riigolo de Agrasar (1978), Valdds-Reyna, J. & 
S.L. Hatch (1997). 

SYN.: Dasyochloa argentina (Kuntze) C:\to; Dasyochloa 

argentina var. argentina; Dasyochloa argentina var. 
aristiglumis Caro; Dasyochloa argentina var. 
parodiana (E.A. Sanchez) Caro; Erioneuron 
avcnaceum var. longiaristatum (Kurtz) Beetle; 
Erioncuron pilosum var. argentinum (Kuntzc) 
Nicora; Erioneuroti pilosum var. aristiglumis (Caro) 
E.A. Si^nchez; Erioncuron pilosum \3.r. parodianum 
E.A. Sanchez; Sieglingia argentina Kuntzc; Tridens 
pilosus var. argentina (Kuntze) Parodi; Triodia 
argentina (Kuntze) K. Schum.; Triodia avenacea var. 
longcaristata Kurtz. 



Darwmiana 18: 104. 1973. ^';:^sm\)im\Tridcns pilosus 

var. mendocina Parodi. 
DST.: Arge. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anton, A. M. (1977), Vald^s-Rcyna, 

J. &S.L. Hatch (1997). 

SYN,: Tridens pilosus var. mendocina Parodi> 

Erioneuron pilosum var. parodianum E.A. Sanchez, 

Darwiniana 22(1-3): 171. 1979. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
LaPampa: Dpto. Lihuel-Calel: Sierra Lihuel-Calel, 21 
Dec 1947,//. Krapovickas 3633 [HT: BAB; IT: SI]. T- 
Specim,: 1 of 1. Argentina: La Panipa: Dpto. Lihuel- 
Calel: Sierra Lihuel-Calel, 21 Dec 1947, A, 
Krapovickas 3633 [HT: BAB, IT: CORD, SI]. 
= Erioneuron pilosum var. longearistatum (Kurtz) Anton. 

Erioncuron pilosum (Buckley) Nash \ ar. pilosum. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

Erioneuron pulchellum (Kunth) Tateoka, Amer. J. Bot. 48(7): 

572. 1961. Basionym: Triodia pulchella Kunih, 
= Dasyochloa pulchella (Kunth) Willd. ex Rydb. 

Erochhe Raf, Neogenyton 4. 1825. ; type not designated. 
= Eragrostis Wolf. 

Erochhe amabilisRaf. ex B.D. Jacks., Index Kew. 1: 886. 

1893. 

NOTE: nom, inval., as syn, of Eragrostis amabiUs (L.) 

Wight & Arn. ex Nees. 
= Eragrostis amahilis (L.) Wight & Arn. ex Nees. 

Erosion Lunell, Amer. Midi. Naturalist 4: 221. 1915, 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superO. 
= Eragrostis Wolf, 

Erosion ciliare Lunell, Amer. Midi. Naturalist 4: 221. 1915. 
NOTE: basis erroneously attributed to Eragrostis ciliaris 

(All.) Link, rather than E. cilianensis (All.) Link. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Erosion hypnoides (Lam.) Lunell, Amer. Midi. Naturalist 4: 

221. 1915. Basionym: Poa hypnoides Lam, 
= Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 

Erucaria Ccrv,, Nalaraleza (Mexico City) I: 347. 1870. 

TYPE: Erucaria glandulosa Cerv. 

NOTE: horn, illcg. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Erucaria glandulosa Cerv., Naturaleza (Mexico City) I: 347. 

1870. T-ProtoL: Mexico; in collibus de Guadalupe, et 
de Moctezuma prope Mcxicum, floret Septcmbri, 
Anon. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Guadelupe et 
Moctezuma, V, Cervantes sn, [ST: possibly in BR, F, 
FI, MEXU,NY,OXF]. 

= Bouteloua hirsuta var. glandulosa (Cerv.) Gould. 

Erucaria hirsuta Cerv., Naturaleza (Mexico City) 1: 348. 

1870. T-Protol.: Mexico: In collibus de Guadalupe, et 
de Moctezuma prope Mcxicum. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta var glandulosa (Cerv.) Gould. 

Erucaria lutescens Cerv., Naturaleza (Mexico City) I: 349. 

1870. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico [T]. 
= Bouteloua simplex Lag. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



117 



Erucaria tetrastachya Cerv., Naturalcza {Mexico City) 1: 

349. 1870- T-Protol.: Mexico: In coilibus de 
Guadalupe, et de Moctezuma prope Mexicum. 
= Bouteloua barbata var. barbata. 

Eiifonrnia Reeder, Brittonia 19; 244. Jul-Sep 1967. 
NOTE: noni, uov., nom. superfl. pro Sohnsia. 
BLOCKING NAME: Calamochloe Rchb. 
= Sohnsia Airy Shaw. 

Eufournla fiUfoIia (E. Founi.) Reeder, Brittonia 19; 244. 

1967. Basionym: Calamochloafilifolia E. Fourn. 
= Sohnsia filifolia (E. Fourn.) Airy Shaw. 



EustachyS Oesv., Nouv. BuII. Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 

188. 1810. TYPE: Eustachys pctraea (Sw.) Desv. 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NHT; Cynodontcae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 12 SUBSP.: 2. 

CNSLTD, LIT.: Molina, A. M., (1996). 



SchuUesia Spreng. 



# 



Eustachys argcntina {Hack, ex Stuck,) Hertcr, Estud. Bot. 

Reg. Uruguay 1: 86, f. 341. 1941. Basionym;C/;/ar/5 
distkhophyUa var. argentina Hack, ex Stuck. 
= Eustachys retusa (Lag.) Kunth. 



Eustachys brevipila (Roseng. & Izag.) Caro & E.A. 

Sinchcz, Kurtziana 6: 124. 1971. Basionym: C/?/om 

brevipila Roseng. & Izag. 
DST.; Arge, Braz, Urug. 
LVL.ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Molma, A. M. (1996). 
SYN.: Chloris brevipila Roseng. & Izag. 

Eustachys calvescens (Hack.) Caro & E.A. Sanchez, 

Kurtziana 6: 128. 1971. Bdsionym.CJiloris calvescens 
Hack. 
DST.: Argc, Braz, Para. 
LVL.ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Molina, A. M. (1996); Renvoizc, S. 

A. (1988). 
SYN.: Chloris calvescens Hack. 

Eustachys capensis (Iloult.) Chiov., Webbia 8: 115. 1951. 

Basionym: Andropogon capensis Houtt. 
= Eustachys paspaloides subsp. paspah)ides. 

Eustachys caribaea (Spreng.) Ilerter, Revista Sudamer. Bot. 

6: 147, 1940. Basionym; Chloris caribaea Spreng. 
NOTE: cf. Gray Herb. Card Cat, *'caribaeus", Accd. to 

Chase & Niles, Index Grass Sp. 
= Eustachys paspaloides subsp. caribaea (Spreng.) 

Nowack. 



Eustachys argentina (Hack, ex Stuck.) Herter, Revista Eustachys confcrtif alia i^rm) Y.\xi\i\\ \\q\\s. Gx^m'm. \: ?>%. 



Sudamer. Bot. 7(6-8): 196. 1943. Basionym: CA/oa'/^ 
disiichophylla var. argentina Hack, ex Stuck. 

NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E. NAME: Eustachys argcntlnensis (Hack, ex Stuck.) 

Hcrter. 
= Eustachys retusa (Lag.) Kunth. 

Eustachys argenfinensis (Hack, ex Stuck.) Hcrter, Revista 

Sudamer. Bot. 6(5-6): 146. 1940. Basionym: C/i/om 
distichophylla var. argentina Hack, ex Stuck. 
= Eustachys retusa (Lag.) Kunth. 

Eustachys argentinensis (Lillo & L. Parodi) Hcrter, Revista 

Sudamer. Bot. 6: 146. 1940. 
NOTL: erroneous citation, cf. Gray Herb. Card Cat. 
= Eustachys retusa (Lag.) Kunth. 

Eustachys bahicnsis (Steud.) Hcrter, Estud. Bot. Reg. 

Uruguay 14(1): 85, f 339. 1941 [1942]. Basionym: 
Chloris bahiensis Steud. 
NOTE: basionym not explicitly cited, only the basionym 

author; cf. Gray Herb. Card Cat.; Herter, Rev. 



Sudamer. Bot. 7: 196(1943). 
= Eustachys paspaloides subsp. cariba 

Nowack. 



(Spreng.) 



Eustachys bahiensis (Steud.) Hcrtcr var. bahiensis. 
= Eustachys paspaloides subsp. caribaea (Spreng.) 

Nowack. 

Eustachys bahiensis var. robusta A.M. Molina, Candollea 

51(1): 260, f. 7A-I, 8D. 1996. T-Protol.; Brasil: 
Parana:4: Mun. Lapa: Engl. Bey, do campo, 17 Jun 
1951, G. Halschbach 2294 [HT: BAA; IT: MBM]. 
NOTE: Presumably belongs in E. paspaloides, but comb. 

not available. 

DST.: Braz. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 2. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Molina, A. M. (1996), 



1829. Basionym- Chloris confertifolia Trin. 
= Eustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nces. 

Eustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nees, Fl. Bras. Enuni. PI. 2; 

418. 1829. Basionym: Chloris distichophylla Lag. 
DST.: Argc, Boli, Braz, Chil, Para, Peru, USA, Urug. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974), Brako, L. & 

J. L. Zarucchi (1993); Filguciras, T. S. (1999); Jones, 
S. D. & J. K. Wipff (1992); Killccn, T. J. (1990); 

Marticorena, C & M. Quezada (1985); Molina, A. 
M. (1996); Renvoize, S. A. (1984); Renvoize, S. A. 
(1988); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Tovar, 6, (1993); 
Wunderlin,R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Chloris acuminata Trin., Chloris confertifolia Trin.; 

Chloris distichophylla Lag.; Chloris distichophylla 
var. acuwinata (Trin.) Hack.; Chloris distichophylla 
var. argentina Hack. ex Stuck.; Chloris 
distichophylla var. genuina Hack,; Chloris 
dolichostachya Lag.; Chloris fasciculata Schrad. ex 
Schult.; Chloris paytensis Steud.; Eustachys 
confertifolia (Trin.) Kunth; Paspaluni superbum 
Spreng. 

Eustachys floridana Chapm., Fl. South. U.S. 557. I860. T- 

Protol.: USA: Dry Pine barrens, middle Florida, 
DST.: USA. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Anonymous 

(1986); Jones, S. D. & J. K. Wipff (1992); 

Wundcrlin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.; Chloris floridana (Chapm.) Alph, Wood. 

Eustachys gayanaMwnAy , Rliodesian Agric. J. 14. 142. 1922. 
NOTE: presumably based on Chloris gayana but basionym 

not cited. 
= Chloris gayana Kunth. 



118 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



Eiistachys glahresccns (Hack.) Caro & E.A. Sanchez, 

Kurtziana 6: 120. 1971. B^isionym: Chloris hahicnsis 
fo. glahresccns Hack. 
= Eustachys paspaloidos siibsp. caribaca (Sprcng) 

Nowack. 

Eustachys glauca Chapm., Fl. South. U.S. 557. 1860. T- 

Protol.: Brackish marshes, West F\ondz, Chapman s.n. 
[Aug-SepJ. 
DS r: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Anonymous 

(1986); Jones, S. D. & J. K. Wipll (1992); Molina, A. 
M. (1996); Wundcrtin, R. P. (1998). 
SYN.: Chloris glauca (Chapm.) Alph. Wood. 

Eustachys ncglccta (Nash) Nash, Bull. Torrey Dot. Club 25: 

450, lS9f?. Rasionym: Chloris neglecta Ni\sh. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Jones, S. D. & J. 

K. Wipfr(1992); ref. missing (1998); Wunderlin, R. 

P. (1998). 
S\'TvI.. Chloris neglecta Nasli. 

Eustachys parancnsis A.M. Molina, Candollca 51(1); 234, f. 



3A-J, 8A. 1996. T-Pmtol.: Brasil: Parani: Ponta 
Grossa, rare on campo, Fazcnda de Criacao, 4 Feb 
1946, J. R. SmgUcu 8459 [IIT: US-1960543; IT: PEL]. 

DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Molina, A. M. (1996). 

Eu^itachys paspaloides (Vahl) Lanza & Mattel, Boll. Reale 

Orto Bot- Ciiardino Colon. Palermo 9: 56. 1910. 
Basioiiym: Cynosurus paspaloides Vahl. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Cari, Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Gibbs 

Russell, G. E, W. G. Wclman, E. Reiticf, K. L. 
Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. Pienaar, M. van 
Wyk, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987); Phillips, S. 
(1995). 
SYN.: Chloris equitans Trm.; Chloris paspaloides Hochst,; 

Chloris petraea Thunb.; Cynosurus paspaloides 
Vahl. 

Eustachys paspaloides subsp. caribaea (Sprcng.) Nowack, 

Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat, B, Adansonia Scr. 4, 17(1- 

2): 57. 1995. Basionym: Chloris caribaca Spreng, 
NOTE; Type from Caribbean, Guadaloupe, may be in error, 

as the taxon has not been found there since. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Nowack, R. (1995). 

SYN.: Chloris bahiensis fo. glahresccns Hack.; Chloris 

bahiensis Steud.; Chloris capensis var„ bahiensis 
(Steud.) Parodi; Chloris capensis var. glahresccns 
(Hack.) Parodi; Chloris caribaea Spreng.; Chloris 
glahresccns (Hack.) Roscng. & Izag.; Eustachys 
bahiensis (Steud.) Ilcrter; Eustachys hahicnsis var. 
bahiensis; Eustachys caribaea (Sprcng.) Hcrtcr; 
Eustachys glahresccns (Hack.) Caro & E.A. Sanchez. 

Eustachys petraea (Sw.) Desv., Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. 

Philom. Paris 2: 189. 1810. \i2^\o\\ym:Chloris petraea 
Sw. 



DST.: Arge, Bell, Boli, Braz, Cari, CoRi, Ilond, Mcxi, Nica, 

Pana, USA, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Anonymous 

(1986); Balick, M. J., M. H. Ncc & D. E. Atha 
(2000); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Catasus Guerra, L. 
(1997); Cowan, C P. (1983); Davidse, G., M. Sousa 
S. & A. 0. Chater (cditores generalcs) (1994), Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Fosbcrg, F. R. & M.-H. Sachet (1982); 
Gould. F. W (1979); Joaes, S. D. & J. K. WipIT 
(1992); Liogier, H. & L. Martorell (1982); Molina, 
A. M. (1996); Pohl, R. W. (1980); Pohl, R. W. 
(1994); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998), Sousa S., M. & E. F. 
Cabrera C (1983); Wunderlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Chloris petraea Sw.; Chloris septentrioiialis Mull. 

Hal., Chloris swartziana D6\\iChloris swartzii Mull. 
Hal., SchuUesia petraea (Sw.) Spreng. 

Eustachys polystachya (Lag.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1; 88. 

1829. Basionym: Chloris polystachya Lag. 
= Chloris submutica Kunth. 

Eustachys retusa (lag.) Kuntli. Revis, Gramin. 1: 88. 1829. 

Basiojiym: Chloris retusa Lag. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Para, USA, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Anonymous 

(1986), Jones, S. D. & J. K. WiplT(1992); Molina, A. 

M, (1996); Nicora, E. C, M. E. De Paula, A. M. 

Faggi, M. del C Mariano, A. M. Miantc A., L. R. 

Parodi, C A. Pctctin, F. A. Roig & Z. Riigolo de 

Agrasar (1978); Renvoize, S. A. (1988), Wunderlin, 

R.P, (1998). 
SYN,: Chloris argendno (Hack, ex Stuck.) Lillo & Parodi; 

Chloris argentinensis (Hack, ex Stuck.) Lillo & 

Parodi; Chloris distichophylla vsir, argenlina Hack. 

ex Stuck.; Chloris retusa Lag.; Eustachys argentina 

(Hack, ex Stuck.) Herter; Eiistachys argentina (Hack. 

ex Stuck.) Herter; Eustachys argentinensis (Hack, ex 

Stuck.) Hcrtcr; Eustachys argentinensis (Lillo & L. 

Parodi) Hcrtcr. 

Eustachys submutica (Kunth) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 

614. 1817. Basionym: Chloris submutica Kunth. 
= Chloris submutica Kunth. 

Eustachys s>\alk'niiina A.M. Molina, Candollea 51(1): 232, 

f 2A-H, 8A. 1996. T-ProtoF: Brasil; Rio Grande do 
Sul: Pclotas, Institute Agronomico do Sul, 6 Jun 1945, 
J. R.S}yallen 7287 [WT: PEL]. 

DST.: Braz, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Molina. A. M. (1996). 

Eustachys u!ignu.sa (Hack.) Hcrtcr, Revista Sudanicr, Bot. 

6(5-6): 147. 1940. Basionym: Chloris uliginosa \l:ick. 
NOTE: spelled "uliginosus", Accd. to Chase & Niles, Index 

Grass Sp. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz. Para, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974), Filgueiras, 

T. S. (1999); Molina, A. M. (1996), Rcnvoize, S. A. 

(1988). 
SYN.: Chloris dusenii Ekman; Chloris uliginosa Hack. 

Eutrlana Trin., Fund. Agrost. 161. 1820. TYPE: Eutriana 

curtipendula (Michx.) Trin. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



119 



= Boutcloua Lag. 

Eutriana affmis Hook, f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 174. 

1847. T-Specini.: 1 of 2. Norili America: Missouri- St. 
Louis, Schweinilz s.n. [ST: K]. 2 of 2. USA: Texas, 
Dntmmond s.n. [ST: K; 1ST: E?, US-1063204 

(fragm.)]. 
-~ Buuleloiia curtipeiiclula (Michx.) Torr. 

Eutriana antillarum (Poir.) Steud., Syn. PL Gfumac. L 217. 

1854. Basionym: Aristida antillarum Poir. 
= Boutcloua amcricana (L.) Scribn. 

Eutriana aristidoides (Kunlh) Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 

242. 1824. Basionym: Dinebra aristidoides Kiinlh. 
= Boutcloua aristidoides (Kunlh) Griseb. 

Eutriana barbata (Lag.) Kunlli, Revis. Gramin. 1: 96. 1829. 

Basionym: Bouteloua barbata Lag. 
= Boutcloua barbata Lag. 

Eutriana bromoldes (Kunlh) Trin., Fund. Agrost. 161, 162. 

1820. Basionym: Dinebra bromoidcsYi\xr\i\\. 
- Boutcloua radicosa (C. Fourn.) Griffiths. 

Eutriana bromoidcs (Lag.) Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 241. 

1824. Basionym: Bouteloua bromoidcs Lag, 

NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E. NAML: Eutriana bromoides (Kunlh) Trin. 

= Boutcloua repcns (Kunlh) Scribn. 

Eutriana bromoides (Kunlh) Kunlh, Revis. Gramin. 1: 95. 

1829. Basionym: Dinebra bromoides Kunth. 
E. NAME: Eutriana bromoides (Kunlh) Trin. 
= Boutcloua radicosa (E. Fourn.) Griffiths. 

Eutriana cMoridea (J. PresI) Kunlh, Enum. PI. 1: 280. 1833. 

Basionym: Dinebra chloridea J. Presl. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as in 1835 ed.) 

XXllI. 
= Enteropogon chlorideus(J, Presl) Clayton. 

Eutriana cristata Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 24 L 1824. 
NOTE: nom, illeg. supcrfl. 
CORRECT NAME: Atheropogon chondrosiodes (Kunth) 

Room. & Schult. 
= Boutcloua chondrosioides (Kunlh) Bcnth. ex S. Watson. 

Eufnana curdpendula (Michx.) Trin., Fund. Agrosl. 161. 

1820. Basionym: Chloris curiipendula Michx. 
= Boutcloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. 

Eutriana gracilis (Kunth) Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquill. 240. 

1824. Basionym; Chondrosum gracile Kunlh. 
= Bouteloua gracilis (Kunth) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Eutriana gracilis Hook, f., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 175. 

1847. T-ProtoL: Argentina: Tucman, Tweedie s,n, T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Argentina: Tucuman, Twcedie s.n. 
[HT: K; IT: US (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Eutriana gracilis (Kunth) Trin. 

= Bouteloua disticha (Kunth) Bcnth. 

Eutriana heterostega Trin., Gram. UnilL Sesquifl. 242. 1824. 
REPLACED NAME: Heterostecajuncifolia Desv. 
BLOCKBslG NAME: Bouteloua juncifolia Lag. 
= Boutcloua repcns (Kunlh) Scribn 

Eutriana hirsuta (L Presl) Kuntli, Enum. PI. 1: 280. 1833. 

Basion) m: Dinebra hirsuta L Presl. 



NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as in 1835 ed.) 

XXIIL 
= Bouteloua aristidoides (Kunth) Griseb. 

Eutriana hirta (Kunlh) Trin., Gram. Unill. Sesquifl. 240. 

1824. Basionym: Chondrosum hirtimi Kunlh. 

NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrfl. 

CORRECT NAME: Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 
= Bouteloua hirsuta Lag. 

Eutriana humilis (P. Beauv. ex Kunlh) Trin., Grain. Unifl. 

Sesquifl. 239. 1824. Bas\onym:Chondrosum humile P. 
Beauv. ex Kunlh. 
= Boutcloua simplex Lag. 

Eutriana juncea (Desv. ex P. Beauv.) Trin., Gram. Unifl. 

Sesquifl. 238. 1824. Basionym: Triathera juncea 
Desv. ex P. Beauv. 
= Bouteloua juncea (Desv. ex P. Beauv.) Hilchc. 

Eutriana Juncifolia (Desv.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 95. 

1829. Basionym: Heterostecajuncifolia Desv. 
= Boutcloua repcns (Kunlh) Scribn. 

Eutriana lagascae Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 95. 1829. 
NOTE: nom. nov., Type not found, unidcnlinablc, Accd. to 

Chase & Niles, Index Grass Sp. 
REPLACED NAME: Bouteloua juncifolia Lag. 
BLOCKING NAME: Eutriana juncifolia (Desv.) Kunth. 
= Boutcloua juncifolia Lag. 

Eutriana ledebouriiTnn., Gram. Unill. Sesquifl. 238. 1824, 

T-Protol.: Sanlo Doimngo, Ledebourii s.n. [IIT: Herb. 
Rudolphii]. 
= Bouteloua juncea (Desv. ex P. Beauv.) I liichc. 

Eutriana mucronata F. Aresch., PL Itin. Eugenia 3: 118. 

1910. T-Protol.: Ecuador: In insula ?ux\?i, Andersson 
s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of I. 00 xxx 1852, 23, Andersson 

[nT:S]. 
= Boutcloua disticha (Kunth) Bcnth. 

Eutriana multiseta Nccs, Fl, Bras. Enum. PL 2: 413. 1829. T- 

ProtoL; Ad Monte Video, Sello^\^ s.n. [I IT: B]. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Uruguay: Montevideo, F. Sello s.n. 
[HT: B; IT: LE, MO-2108848, US-72694 (fragm. ex 
B, Willd.hb.)]. 

= Bouteloua nicgapotamiea (Spreng,) Kuntze. 

Eutriana oligostachya (Nutt.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 96. 

1829. Basionym: Atheropogon oligostachyus Nutt. 
= Boutcloua gracilis (Kunlh) Lag. ex Griffiths. 

Eutriana pilosa Hook, f. Trans. Linn. Soc. London 20: 173. 

1847. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Galapagos Islands: Abelmarlc 
Island, Macrae s.n. [LT: ?; 1ST: US (fragm.)], LT 
designated by Porter, Bot J. Linn. Soc. 81: 97 (1980). 
2 of 2. Ecuador: Galapago Islands: Albemarle Island, 

Macrae s.n. [LT: CGE]. 
= Boutcloua disticha (Kunth) Bcnlh. 

Eutriana polyodon Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 242. 1824. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. 
CORRECT NAME: Polyodon distichum Kunth. 
= Boutcloua disticha (Kunth) Bcnth. 

Eutriana repens (Kunth) Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 241. 

1824. Basionym; Dinebra repens Kuntli. 
= Boutcloua repens (Kunlh) Scribn. 



120 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



Eutrlana tenuis {V. Beauv. ex Kunth) Trin., Gram. Unill. 

Scsqnitl, 240. 1824. \i:\s\owym\ Chondrosum tcuue P. 
Beauv. ex Kunth. 
= Bouteluua simplex Lag. 

Euiriana triaena Trin., Gram. Unill. Sesquill. 239. 1824. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, hbtmholdt & Bonpland s.n. 
[HTP]. 
NOTE: noni. illcg., based on Triaena raccmosa Kunth 

[legil.]. 
CORRECT Ny\ME: Atheropogon triaena Trin. ex Sprcng. 
= Boutcloua triaenii (Trin. ex Spreng.) Scribn. 

Eutr iana stcL Aristidium End!., Gen. PI. 94. 1836, TYPE: 

Euiriana aristidoides (Kunih) Trin. 
= Boutcloua Lag. 

Eufriana sect. Triplathera Endl., Gen. PI. 94. 1836. TYPE: 

Euiriana multiseta Nees. 
= Boutehuia Lag. 

Exagrosiis Stcuc!., Nomcncl. Dot. (ed. 2) 1: 622. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. luid. 
= Era|;rostis Wolf. 

Festuca aquatica Bosc ex Roem. & Scliult., Syst Vcg. 2: 

615. 1817. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Diphclme fascicidaris P. 

Beauv. 

- Leptochloa fiisca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.)N. Snow. 

Festuca brevifolia Mulil., Cat. PI. Amer. Sept. 13. 1813. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Delaware, Georgia and New 
York, no date, Coll. Unkn. [OM; US-1535782]. 

NOTE: nom. Jiud. 

CORRECT NAME: Festuca brevifolia Muhl. 

= Trjplasis purpurea (Walter) Chapm. 

Festuca brevifolia MuliL, Descr. Gram. 167. 1817. T-Protol.: 

USA: Habiata in Delaware, Georgia el N. Eboraco. T- 
Specim.: I of 1. no dale, Coll. Unkn. [ST: 1ST: US- 
1535782]. 
= Triplasis purpurea (Walter) Chapm. 

Festuca car oliniana Stcud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 312. 1854. 

T-ProtoL: USA: Carolina, ^cac^-./]. T-SpeciuL: I of 1. 
USA: Carolina, Bosc s.n. [HT: herb. Caen]. 
= Tridcns carolinianus (Slcud.) I lenrard. 

Festuca clandestina MuhL, Cat. PK Amer. Sept. 13. 1813. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 

CORRECT NAME: Festuca clandestina MuhL 

= Lcptocliloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 



Festuca domingensis (Jacq.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 189, 

1791 . Basionym: Cynosurus domingensis Jacq. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 

Festuca fascicularis Lam,, Tab!, Encycl. 1: 189. 1791. T- 

Protol.: Ex Amer. mcrid., D. Richard. s.n. T-Specim.: 
1 of L South America, D. Richard s.n. [HT: P; IT: US- 
2875408, US-2875408a (fragm. ex P)]. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicuhiris (Lam.) N. Snow\ 

Festuca fd if ormis Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 191. 179L T- 

Protol.: Ex. Amer. Merid. [Richard s.n.]. T-Specim.: 1 
of 1, South America, L Richard s.n. [HT: P-LA]. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E. NAME: Festuca fdiformis PourreL 

- Leptochloa panicea subsp. brachiata (Steud.) N. Snow. 

Festuca flava (L.) F. Muell., Select PL 87. 1876. Basionym: 

Poaflava L. 
= Tridcns flavus (L.) Hitchc. 



Festuca fournieriana Hemsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., Bot. 3(20): 

581. 1885. T-Protol.: Mexico. 
NOTE: nom. nud., liie inteided replaced name. Gouinia 

polygama Fourn., not published until 1886, 
= Gouinia virgafa (J. Presl) Scribn. 

Festuca fusca L., Syst. Nat. (cd. 10) 2: 876. 1759. T-Specim.: 

1 of L Palestine, F. Ilasselquist sm. [LT: LINN- 
92.21], LT designated by Phillips, PL Trop. E. Afr, 
Gram (2): 281 (1974). 
= Leptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Festuca laxiflora A, Rich., Hist. Pis. Cuba, Bot. II: 318. 

1850. T-ProtoL: Cuba: Crescit in pratis non procul ab 
urbe Havanae, Ramon de la Sagra s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 
L Cuba: Habana, de la Sagra s.n. [IIT: P, IT: BM]. 

=^ Gouinia virgata (J. Presl) Scribn. 

Festuca macrostachya Torr. & A. Gra>, Pacif Railr. Rep. 

2(4): 177. 1855. T-Protoi.: USA: Texas: Pecos, 
Staminate specimen. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. [USA]: On the 
Pecos viseo, Capt. Pope [OM: NY (US photo)]. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

— Scleropogon brevifolius Phil. 

Festuca multiflora Walter, PL CaroL 81. 1788. T-Protol.: 

USA: S. Carolina. 
= Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Festuca obtusiflora Willd. ex Sprcng., Syst. Vcg. 1: 356. 

1825. T-Protol.: Mexico. 
= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 



Festuca clandestina Muhl., Dcscr. Gram. 162. 1817. T- F£.y/wca/;//oAYi Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 473. 1829 



Protol.: USA: New York: N. Eboraco. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N, Snow. 

Festuca distichophylla Michx., FL Bor.-Amer. 1: 67. 1803. 

T-PrutoL: USA: Hab. in maritimis Carolinae. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: in maritimis Carolinae, 
MichauxsM. [HT: P, US-2851254 Photo ex P]. 



= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thorne. 



NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Festuca pilo.sa Hall, f 
= Steirachne diandra Ekman. 

Festuca polystachya Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 66. 1803. T- 

Protol,: USA; IlHnocnsibus: in arvls. T-Spccim.: 1 of 
1. USA: Illinois, A//c//ai/xj.^:. [UT: P]. 
~ Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 



Festuca distichophyUa {hdb\\\.)}\ook.f. ,V].T'd^mim.2\ \21. Festuca procumhens Muhl., Descr. Gram. 160. 1817. T- 



1858. Basionym: Uniola distichophylla Lah'iW. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Festuca distichophylla Michx. 

= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thome. 



Protol.: USA: Carolina. T-Specim.: I of 1. USA: 

C?iro\\n3S, Muhlenberg 235 [HT: PH]. 
REPLACED NAME: Festuca procumbcns Muhl. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam) N, Snow. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



121 



Festuca prostrata Muhl. ex Scribn. & Merr., Circ. Div. F/"Z'/c///Vv w//ik'//<7to Koeler, Descr, Gram, 302. 1802. 



Agrostol. U.S.D.A- 27: 5. 1900. T-Protol.: USA: 

Carolina. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. oi Festuca prostrata Muhl. 
- Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 



NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrfl. 

CORRECT NAME: Panicum dactylon L. 

= Cynodon dactylon (L.) [*crs. 



Festuca purpurea Schreb. ex Slcud., Nomcncl. Dot. (cd. 2) 1: FingCrhuthia Nees, Scm. Hort. Bot. Hamburg. 1834: 



632. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. o{ Uralcpis cuprea Kunth. 
= Tridens flavus (L.) I lilchc. 

Festuca purpurea (Walter) F. Mucll., Select PI. 88. 1876. 

Basionym: Aira purpurea Walter. 
= Triplasis purpurea (Walter) Chapm. 

Festuca quadridens Poin, Encycl. 2: 640. 1812. T-Protol.: 

USA; Cett plante croit a la Caroline, M Base. 
= Tridens flavus (L.) Hltchc. 

Festuca quadridens Bosc ex Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. 

Saint-Petersbourg, Scr. 6, Sci. Math., Scconde Pt. Sci. 

Nat. 4,2(1): 76. 1836. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Eragrostis tricuspis Trin. 
- Tridens flavus (L.) 1 litchc. 



Festuca quitensis V^'iWd. ex Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 473. 

1829. T-Protul.: Brazil. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. off. pilosa Nccs. 
E. NAME: Festuca quHensis Spreng. 
= Stcirachnc diandra Ekman. 

Festuca reptatrix L.. Sp. PI. (ed. 2) 1: 108. 1762. T-Specim.: 

1 of 1. [LT: LlNN-92.20 (left-hand specimen)], LT 
designated by Snow in Caffeny et al., Taxon 49(2): 

250 (2000). 
NOTE: as nom. mid. in Fl. Palaest. 13 (1756). 
= Leptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Festuca texana Steud., Syn. PI. Giumac. 1: 310. 1854, T- 

Protol.: USA: Texas, Drummond 387. T-Spccim,: 1 of 
1. USA: Texas: San Felipe, Drummond 387 [HT: P; 

IT:K, US-1445735]. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Festuca thouini Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 31 L 1854. T- 

Protol.: West Indies: Ins. Antillae in Domingo, see 
note Index of Grass Species vol. 2. p. 181. 

= Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Festuca iriticea Lam. ex Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 325. 1 833. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Poa michmtxil Kunth; 

probably error for Festuca triticoides Lam. 
= Oistichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 



7. 1834. TYPE: Fingerhuthia africana Nces ex Lehm. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P.M. 
NHT: Uniolinae.NO. ACCPTD. SPP.; 1. 
SYN.: Lasiotrichos Lehm. 

Fingerhuthia afghanica Boiss., Fl. Orient. 5: 569. 1884. 
REPLACED NAME: Fingerhuthia africana Lehman ex 

Aitch. 
BLOCKING NAME: Fingerhuthia africana Nees ex Lehm. 
= Fingerhuthia africana Nees ex Lehm. 

Fingerhuthia africana Nees ex Lehm., Scm. Hort. Bot. 

Hamburg. 1834: 7. 1834. T-Protol.: Habitat in Africa 
australi in vicinia fluminis GumVL.Ecklon s.n. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bor, N. L. (1960), Gibbs Russell, G. 

E, W. G. Welman, E. Reitief, K. L. Immelman. G. 

Germishuizcn, B. J. Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 

Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987). 
SYN.: Fingerhuthia afghanica Boiss. 

Fourniera Scribn., Bull. Div, Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 4: 7. 1897. 

TYPE: Fourniera mcxtcana Scribn. 
NOTE: hom. illcg. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Fourniera mexicana Scribn., Bull. Div. Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 

4: 8. 1897. T-Specim.: I of 2. Mexico: Acapulco, 
growing in loose gravelly soil, Oct lS94,/*a//tt^r 43 
[LT; US-8I932, US-81933, US-494824, US-740915, 
US-7409 1 6, US-822265; ILT: BM, MOJ, LT 
designted by Pohl & Davidse, Fl. Mesoamericana 6: 
297 (1994). 2 of 2. Mexico: Acapulco, growing in 
loose, gravelly soil, Oct n9^. Palmer 41 [ST: MO, 

US]. 
= Bouteloua mexicana (Scribn.) Columbus. 

Glyceria brevifolia (Muhl.) Schult., Mant. 2: 387. 1824. 

Basionym: Festuca brevifoUa Muhl. 
NOTE: as G. ? brevifJoia, 
= Triplasis purpurea (Walter) Chapm. 

Glycerin wicrantha Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 287. 1854. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Ethiopia: Tigray, Scholoda, 27 Oct 
1 837, C.K n\ Schimpcr 406 [IT: WAG]. 



Festuca triticoides Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 191. 1791. T- HOTE: nom. \llcg. supcrfl.,c\tcs Poa sporoboloides A. Rich 

Protol: USA: E. Carolina, Fraser. 
- Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 



Festuca virgata (L.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 189. 1791. 

Basionym: Cynosurus virgatus L. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Bcauv. 

Fibichia Koclcr, Dcscr. Gram. 308. 1802. TYPE; Fibichia 

umbellata Koclcr; nom. illeg. superfl. Panicum 
dactvlon L. 
= Cynodon Rich. 

Fibichia dactylon (L.) Beck, Wiss. Mitt. Bosnicn & 

Herzegovina 9: 436. 1904. Basionym: Panicum 

dactylon L. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 



m syn. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Glyceria stricta Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 

14: 95-96. 1862. T-Protol.: USA: middle Texas, 
diseased. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas, Buckley s,n. 
[LT: PH; IT: US (fragm, & photostat ex PH)], LT 
designated by Hitchcock, Man. Grass. U.S. 958 
(1935), but without citing a specific sheet in a specific 

herbarium. 
NOTE; hom. illeg. 
F. NAME: Glyceria stricta Hook, f 
- Sporobolus compositus (Poir.) Mcrr. 

Gossw'cilerochloa Renvoize, Kew Bull. 33(3): 525. 1979. 



122 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



= Tridens Roetn. & Schult. 



Couinia E. Foum. ex Bcnth. & Hook, f.. Gen. PL 3: 

1178. 1883. TYPE: Gouinta polygama E. Fourn,; LT 
designated by Swallen, Amer. J. Bol. 22: 32 (1935). 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NUT: Cynodonteae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 10 SUBSP.: 6. 

CNSLTD. LIT.: Swallen, J. R., (1935); Ortiz, J. J., (1993). 

SYN.: Ilackelia Vasey ex Beal; Pogochloa S. Moore. 

Couinia barbata (Hack.) Swallen, Amer. J. Bot. 22: 37. 

1935. Basionym: Dipladme barbata Hack. 
DST.: Braz. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Nicora, E. G. (1995); Swallen, J. R. 

(1935). 
SYN.: Dipladme barbata Hack.; Sdienckochloa barbata 

(T!ack.)JJ. Ortiz. 

Gouinia brandegel (Vasey) Hitchc, U.S.D.A. Bur. PI. 

Industr. Bull. 33: 21. 1903. Basionym: Dipladme 
brandcgei Vasey. 
~ Enteropogoii brandcgei (Vasey) Clayton. 

Couinia brasilicnsis (S. Moore) Swallen, Amer. J. Bot. 22: 



36. 1935. Basionym: Pogodiloa brasilicfisis S. Moore. 
OST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Para, 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Filgueiras, T. S. (1999); Ortiz, J. J, 

(1993); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Swallen, J. R. 

(1935); TQrpe, A. M. (1975); Zuloaga, F. 0„ E. G. 

Nieora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. 

Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 
SYN.: Pogochloa brasiUctisis S. Moore. 

Gouinia ccarcnsis (Ekman) Swallen, Amer. J. Bot. 22: 39. 

1935. Basionym: Dipladme cearensis Ekman. 
DS'i".; Braz. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Ortiz, J. J. (1993); Swalien, J. R. 

(1935). 
SYN.: Dipladme cearensis Ekman. 

Gouinia ckmanii Almn, Contr. Ocas. Mus. Hist. Nat. Colegio 

"De La Salic" no, 12: 5, f. 6. 1953. T-Protol.: [West 
Indies]: Cuba. 

DST.:Cari. 

= Statu.s not yet determined. 

Gouinia fj;racilis Ekman ex Swallen, Amer. J. Bot. 22: 33, f. 

1. 1935. T-Prolol.: Cuba: Oriente: in thickets on Cerro 

del Frailc at Holguinn, 17 Nov 1922,£'. L Ekman sm. 

[HT: US^l 161268]. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Cuba: Oriente, 

Cerro del Fraile at Holgufn, thickets, 17 Nov 1922, 

KL Eknnm s.n, [Amer. Grass Natl. Herb. 1020] [HT: 

US-n61268; IT: CHAPA, Gil, L, MO-I709940, MO- 

1702531, NY-71! 14, SI, UB]. 2 of 2. Cuba: Holguin, 

Cerro del Fraile, Province Oriente, 17 Nov 1922,£'. L 

Ekman 3235 [IT?: NY-71 1 15 (possible)]. 
nST.:Cari. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Catasus Guerra, L. (1997); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1936), Ortiz, J. J. (1993); Swallen, 

J. R. (1935). 

Gouinia guatemalcfisis (Hack.) Swallen, Pubk Carnegie Inst. 

Wash. 436: 334. 1934. Basionym: Dipladme 
guatemalcnsis Hack. 



= Couinia latifolia var. guatemalcnsis (Hack.) J.J. Ortiz. 

Gouinia guatemalcnsis (Hack.) Swallen, Amer. J. Bot. 22: 

40, 21. 1935. Basionym: Dipladme guatemalcnsis 

Hack. 

NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME. Gouinia guatemalcnsis (I lack.) Swallen. 

= Gouinia latirolia \ar. guatemalen^is (Hack.) J.J. Ortiz. 

Couinia isabclcnsis J J, Orffz, Acta Bot. Mex. 23: 18. 1993. 

T-ProtoL: Mexico: Nayarit: Isia Isabel, 27 Jul 1925, 

Solis I [I IT: MEXU; IT: US-1268804]. 
DST.:Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espcjo Scrna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Ortiz, J. J, 
(1993). 

Gouinia latifolia (Griseb.) Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

1(9): 365. 1895. Basionym: Trlcuspis latifolia Griseb. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Guat, Hond, Mexi, Nica, Para, 

Peru, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 

Davidse, C, M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chatcr (cditorcs 

generales) (1994); Filgueiras, T. S. (1999); Foster, R. 

C (1958), Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Killeen, T. J. 

(1990); Nicora, E. G. (1995); Ortiz, L J. (1993); 

Renvoize, S. A. (1998), Swallen, J. R. (1935), Tovar, 

6. (1993), Tiirpe, A. M. (1975), Zuloaga. F. 0., E. G. 

Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar. 0. Morrone, J. 

Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 
SYN.: Dipladme latifolia (Griseb.) Hack.; Dipladme 

monticola (Chase) McNeill; Sieglingia latifolia 

(Griseb.) Kuntze; Trlcuspis latifolia Griseb. 

Couinia latifolia var. guatemalcnsis (Hack.) J.J. Ortiz, Acta 

Bot. Mex. 23: 21. 1993. Basionym: Dipladme 
guatemalcnsis Hack. 
DST.: Guat, Hond, Mexi, Nica. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 



Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Ortiz, J. J. 
(1993). 

SYN.: Dipladme guatemalcnsis Hack.; Gouinia 



guatemalcnsis 



(Hack.) 



Swallen: 



Gouinia 



guatemalcnsis (Hack.) Swollen; Gouinia ramosa 
Swallen. 

Gouinia lulifulia (Griseb.) Vasey var latifolia. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Para, Peru, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Ortfz, J. J. (1993). 

Gouinia longiramea Swallen. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 

436. 334, f 2. 1934. T-Protok: Mexico: Yucatan: in 
brush around clearing at Cliichen Itza, 7-13 Jul 1932, 
J.R. Swallen 2385 [HT: US- 1538059; IT: US]. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Yucatan: in brush around 
clearing at Chichcn Itza, 7 Jul 1932-13 Jul 1932,J./^. 
SMrdlen 2385 [HT: US-1538059]. 
- Couinia virgata (J. Presl) Scribn. 

Couinia mcxicana (Scribn.) Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

1(9): 365. 1895. Basionym: Leptochloa mcxicana 

Scribn. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 



Catalocue of New World Grasses; IL 



123 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A, R. L6pez-Fcrrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 
Ortiz, J. J. (1993); Swallcn, J. R. (1935). 

SYN.: Diptachne mcxicana (Scribn.J Hack.; Leptochloa 

mcxicana Scribn, 

Gouinia papillosa Swallen, Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 436: 

334, f. 3. 1934. T-ProtoL: Mexico: Quintana Roo: in 
brnsh along trail in forest, Tancah, 4-5 Aug \9ilJ.R. 
SM^allen 2829 [HT: US-1538062]. T-Specim.: 1 of L 
Mexico: Yucatan: in brush along trail in forest, 
Tancah,, 4 Aug 1932-5 Aug 1932,J.K Swallen 2829 
[HT: US-1538062]. 

DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Davidse, G., 

M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chatcr (editores generales) 
(1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pc7-Fcrrari, and L 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Ortiz, J. J, (1993); Pohl, R. W. 
& G. Davidse (1994); Sousa S., M. & E. F. Cabrera 
C. (1983); Swallen, JR. (1935). 

Goiiinia paraguayensis (Kuntze) Parodi, Revista Mus. La 

Plata 34: 192, 176. 1934. Basionym: Anmdinaria 
paraguayensis Kuntze. 
DST.: Arge, Boli. Cari, Guat, Hond, Para, Peru. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Ortiz, J. J. (1993); Renvoize, S. A. 

(1998); Swallen, J. R, (1935); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. 
Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. 
Pcnsicro & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 
SYN.: Arundinaria paraguayensis Kuntze; SiegHngia 

paraguayensis Kuntze; Triodia paraguayensis 
(Kuntze) Hack. 



Gouinia 



paraguayensis 



(Kuntze) 



Parodi 



var. 



paraguayensis. 



DST.: Arge, Boli, Cari, Guat, Hond, Para, Peru. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Ortiz, J. J, (1993); Turpe, A. M. 

(1975). 

Gouinia paraguayensis var. tortuosa (Swallen) Tiirpe, 

Lilloa 34(6): 77, f. 2B. 1975. Basionym: Gouinia 
tortuosa Swallen. 
DST.: Arge, Boli. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Ortiz, J. J. (1993); TUrpe, A. M. 

(1975). 
SYN.: Gouinia tortuosa Swallen. 

Gouinia polygama E. Fourn. ex HemsL, Biol. Cent.-Amcr., 

BoL3: 581. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Festuca fournieriana 

Hemslcy. 
= Gouinia virgata (J. Prcsl) Scribn. 

Gouinia polygama E. Fourn., Mexic. PL 2: 103. LSS6. T- 

Specim,: 1 of 6. Mexico: Veracruz: pr. Veracruz, in 
sylvis umbrosis, 23 Aug 1865,C(jw/>2 76 [LT: P], LT 
designated by Ortiz, Acta Bot. Mcx. 23: 28 (1993). 2 
of 6. Mexico: Oaxaca: San Agustin, Oct, Liebmann 
505 [ST: MO-134695, US]. 3 of 6. Mexico: absque 
loco, Karwinsky 1000 [ST: US]. 4 of 6. Mexico: San 
Agustin, Oct, Liebmann 504 [ST: US], 5 of 6. Mexico: 
Acapuico secns rivum pr. Pointe Griffon, Thiebaut 
1042 [ST]. 6 of 6. Florida, Karwinsky 44 [ST]. 
= Gouinia virgata (J. Prcsl) Scribn. 



Gouinia polygama svlv. major XI. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 103. 

1886. T-Protol.: Mexico: Veracruz, Gouin 77. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Veracruz: 6 Sep \%b5,Gouin 
77 [H f : P]. 
= Gouinia virgata (J. Presl) Scribn. 

Gouinia ramosa Swallen. Publ. Carnegie Inst. Wash. 436: 

333, f. 1. 1934. T-Protol.: Mexico: Yucatan: in brush 
at Chichen Itza, 7-12 Jul 1932..^^-^//^/? 2436 [HT: US- 
1538060], T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Mexico: Yucatan: in 
brush at Chichen Itza, 7 Jul 1932-13 Jul \932J.R. 
Swallen 2436 [IT: US-1 538085]. 2 of 2. Mexico: 

Yucatan: in brush at Chichen Itza, 7 Jul 1932-13 Jul 
1932,7.;?. Swallen 2436 [HT: US-1538060]. 
= Gouinia latifolia var. guatcmalcnsis (Hack.) J.J. Ortiz. 

Gouinia tortuosa Swallen, Amcr. J. Bot. 22: 41. 1935. T- 

Protol.: Argentina: La Rioja: Patquia, Mar 1933, 
Lahitfe ct Castro 13 [HT: US-1538642]. T-Specim.: 1 

of 1. Argentina: La Rioja, Mar \933, Lahitfe, Castro 
13 (REP. ARC. HERB. NAC. NO.) [HT: US-1538642; 
IT:BAA, BAB47612]. 
= Gouinia paraguayensis var. tortuosa (Swallen) Tiirpe. 

Gouinia virgata (J. Prcsl) Scribn., Bull. Div. Agrostot., 

U.S.D.A. 4: 10. 1897. Basionym: 5ro/;ii/5 virgatus J. 

Presl. 
DST.: Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, 

Hond, Mexi, Nica, Peru. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Berendsohn, 

W. G. & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); Brako, 
L. & I L. Zarucchi (1993); Breedlovc, D. E. (1986); 
Catasus Gucrra, L. (1997); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. 
& A. O. Chater (editores generales) (1994); Espejo 
Sema, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Foster, R. C (1958), Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Jorgcnsen, P. M. & S. Leon- 
Yancz (eds.) (1999), Killcen, T. J. (1990); Macbride, 
J. F. (1936); McVaugh, R. (1983); Ortiz, J. J. (1993); 
Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse (1994); Pohl, R W, 
(1980); Swallen, J. R. (1935), Tovar, 6. (1993). 

SYN.: Bromus virgatus J. Prcsl, Diplachne virgata (J. Presl) 

Hack.; Festuca fournieriana Hemsl.; Festuca 
laxiflora A. Rich.; Gouinia longiraniea Swallen; 
Gouinia polygama E, Fourn.; Gouinia polygama E. 
Fourn ex Hemsl.; Gouinia polygama var. major E. 
Fourn.; Hackelia angustifolia Vasey ex Beal; 
Leptochloa palmeri Vasey ex Scribn.; Leptochloa 
polygama (E. Fourn.) Beal. 

Gouinia virjjata var. robusta J.J. Ortiz, Acta Bot. Mex. 23: 

30. 1993- T-ProtoL: Mexico: Guerrero: near 
Tlalixtaquilla, 10 Dec 1894, Nelson 2255 [HT: US]. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Ortiz, J. J. 
(1993). 

Gouinia virgata (J. Presl) Scribn. var virgata. 
DST.: Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, 

Hond, Mexi, Nica, Peru. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Ortiz, J. J. (1993). 

Graphcphorum flexuosum Thurb. ex A. Gray, Proc. Acad. 

Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1863: 78. 1864. T-Specim.: 1 of 



124 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



1. USA: Nebraska, 1862,£. Hall & JA\ Harbour 635 
[rr;US-82055]. 
= Rccineldia flcxuosa (Thurb. ex A. Gray) Vasey. 



steinigcii Bodcn im Obcrcn Cuyabalhal, Apr. IS99,//. 
Meyer 489 [IIT: B; IT: BAA (fragm. ex B)]. 
= Gymnopogon spicatus (Sprcng.) Kuntze. 



Grijfitluochloa G.J. Pierce, Bull. Torrey Dot, Club 105(2): Gymnopogon bijlonisV\\g.\^:. biflorus. 



134. 1978. TY?E: GriJPfhsochloa muUifida (Griffiths) 

G.J. Pierce. 
= Boutcloua l.ag. 

Gnffithsochloa nndtifida (Griffiths) G.J. Pierce, Bull. Torrey 

BoL Club 105(2): 134. 1978. B?iS\ony\\r.Caihestecum 
mnttifidum Griffiths. 

~ Boiitcloiia multifiduin (Griffiths) Columbus. 



Gymnopogon p. Bcauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 41, 164. 

1812. T-ProtoK: F19-20443. TYPE: Gymnopogon 
unibiguus (Michx.) Brilton, Sterns & Poggenb. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NUT: Cynodonteae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 12 SUBSP.: 4. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Smith Jr., J. P., (1971). 
SYN.: Alloiatheros Elliott ex Raf.; Andwpogon Nutt.; 

Biathcrhan Dcsv.; DoclloMoa KunVzc; Monochaete 
Doll; Sciadofiardiis Stcud. 

Gymnopogon amblguus (Michx.) Britton, Stems & 

Poggenb., Prelim, Cat. 69. 1888. Basionym: 
Afidropogon amblguus Michx. 

DST.:Cari, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Correll, D. S. & 

M. C- Johnston (1970); Fernald, M. (1950); Gleason, 
H. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, II. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1991); Great Plains Flora Association 



= Gymnopogon spicatus (Sprcng.) Kuntze. 

Gymnopogon biflorus var. ciliatdcmma Burkart, Bol. See. 

Argent. Bot. 12: 290, f 3. 1968. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
Prov. Entre Rios: Dcpt. Gualcguaychii, predeUa, 
Ibicuy, .4. Burkart 3598 [HT: SI]. T-Specim.: ! of 2. 
Argentina: Entre Rios: Dplo. Gualeguaychu: Ibicuy, 
Burkari 3598 [IIT]. 2 of 2. Argentina: Prov. Entre 
Rios, Ibicuy., 4 Dec 1930, A. Burkart [IT]. 
= Gymnopogon legrandii Roseng., B.R. Arill. & Izag. 

Gymnopogon brcvifolius Trie, Gram. Unifl. Scsquifl, 238. 

1824. T-Protol.: USA: ]:f&.\\\^XQ,Dcrnhardi s.n. [HT: 
LE]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Delaware, Bernhardt 
[HT: LE-TRIN-21 18.01 (& fig.)]. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Correll, D. S. & 

M. C- Johnston (1970); Fernald, M. (1950); Gleason, 

H. A. & A. Cronquist (1068); Gleason, H. A. & A. 

Cronquist (1991); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Radford, 

A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell (1968); Small, J. K. 

(1933); Smith Jr., J. P. (I97I), Wunderlin, R. P. 

(1998). 
SYN.: Afiiliopogon brevifolius Nutt. ex Tnn., Anthopogon 

fdiforme Nutt.; Gymnopogon racemosus var. 

fdiformis Chapm.; Gymnopogon racemosus var. 

racemosus. 



(1986); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. Gywmo;?f>go/T/)revi.y^te (Hack.) J.P. Smith, lowaStnte J. Sci. 



(1951); Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahlcs & C. R. Bell 

(1968); Small, J. K. (1933); Smith Jr., I P. (1971); 

Wundcrlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Agrostis boeckclcri Seub. ex Stcud.; Alloiatheros 

amblguus I-IIiotl ex B.D. Jacks.; AUoiadieros 

avihig\nts Elliott ex Kunth; AUoiadieros aristatus 

Raf ex B.D. Jacks.; Alloiatheros lepturoides (Nutt.) 

Steud.; Andropogon amblguus M\chx.; A nthopogon 

lepturoides Nutt.; Gymnopogon distlchophyllus 

Steud.; Gymnopogon racemosus P. Bcauv.; 

Gymnopogon scoparius Trin.; Sciadonardus 

distlchophyllus S teud. ; Sfipa expansa Wi 1 1 d . ex 
Steud. 

Gymnopogon aristi^lumis Hitchc, Proc. Biul. Soc. Wash. 

40: 82. 1927. T-Protok: El Salvador; Rosario, Jan 
1924, Calderon 1924 [HT: US-1169956]. T^Specim.: 
1 of 1. El Salvador: Rosario, Jan 1924,5. Calderon 
7P2-/[HT: US-1169956]. 
DST.: Boli, ElSa. 
LVL. ACCPTC; I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bercndsohn, W. G. & A. E. Araniva 

de Gonzalez (1991), Davidse. G., M. Sousa S. & A. 
O. Chater (cditorcs gcncrales) (1994); Pohl, R. W. 
(1994);SmithJr., J.P. (1971). 

Gymnopogon beyrichianus (Kunth) Parodi, Revista Centro 

Estud. Agron. 18: 148, f 55. 1925. Basionym :C///r>m 
beyrichiana Kunth. 

= Chloris pycuothrix Trin. 

Gymnopogon hijlorus Pilg., BoL Jahrb. Syst. 30(1): 139. 

190L T-Protol.: Brasil: Mattogrossso: auf Irocknem, 



45(3): 344. 1971. Basionym: Gymnopogon spicatus 
var. brevlsetus Hack. 



= Gymnopogon grandifl 



Roseng., B.R. Aril!. & Izag. 



Gymnopogon burchellii (Munro ex Doll) Eknian, Ark. Bot. 

11(4): 35, t. I, f 4. 1912. Basionym: iep/oc///oa 

burchellii Munro ex Doll. 

DST.; Argc, Boli, Braz, Para, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Burkart, A. (1969); Caro, J. A. 

(1982); Filguciras, T. S. (1991); Filgueiras, T. S. 

(1999); Nicora, E. G. (1995); Renvoize, S. A. (1988); 

Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998), Rosengurtt, B., B. R. 

Arrillaga de Maffci & P. Izaguirre de Arlucio (1970); 

Smith Jr., J. P. (1971); Zuloaga, F. O., E. C Nicora, 

Z. E. Riigolo de Agrasar, O. Morronc, J. Pcnsicro & 

A. M,Cialde!!a(1994). 

SYN.: Gymnopogon muticus \h\ck. ; Leptochloa burchellii 

Munro ex Doll. 

Gymnopogon chapmanianus Hitchc, Amer. J. Bol. 2: 306. 

1915. T-Protul.; USA: Florida: Seminole Co.; 
Sandford, sandy meadow,^. Chase 4135 [HT: US- 
733684]. T-Specim.: I of 1. USA: Florida: Seminole 
Co., Sandibrd, 25 Sep 1907,^. Chase 4135 [HT: US- 
733684]. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL, ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Anonymous (1986); Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1951); SmalL J. K. (1933); Smith Jr., J. P. (1971); 
Wunderlin, R. P.(I998). 

SYN.: Gymnopogon florid anus Swallen. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



125 



Gymnopogon distichophyllus Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 218. Gymnopogon foliosus (Willd.) Nccs, Fl. Bras. Enum. PL 2 



1854. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: l^x^s, Seubcrt herb. 
no. 128 [ST], as Agrostis boeckeleri [nom. invaL]. 2 of 
2. USA: Louisiana, Harlmann 57, Louisaina herb. 
[ST]. 
= Gymnopogon anibiguus (Michx.) Dritton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Gymnopogon doellii Boechat & Vails, Bradea 5(28): 314, f 

1. 1990. T-ProtoL: Brazil: Djslrito Federal: Area de 
Prote^ao Ambicnlal da Bacia do Rio Sao Bartolomeu, 
cerca de 5kni S do local onde sera construida a 
barragem do futcro lago, cm kilo seco de uni corcgo 
temporario, 6 Jun 1989, T.S. Filgueiras & S.P, Arauo 
75flJ [HT: CFN. IT: IBGE]. 

NOTE: new taxon name, description, and type, for G. 

hgidus Doll. horn, illeg. 

DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Filgueiras, T. S. (1991); Filgueiras, 

T. S. (1999). 
SYN.: Gymnopogon rigidus Doll. 



Gymnopogon fastigialus Nees, FI. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 430. 

1829. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Sao Paulo, 
Anonymous SM. [IIT: B; IT: LE-TRIN-21 19.01 (fragm. 

ex B)]. 
DST.: Boli, Braz, Colo, CoRi, Pana, Venc. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. 

Chater (editores generales) (1994); Filgueiras, T. S. 
(1999); Killeen, T. J. (1990); Pohl, R. W. (1980); 
Pohl, R. W. (1994); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); Smith 
Jr,J, P. (1971). 
SYN.: Doellochloa fastigiata (Nees) )LunX7.Q\ Monochaete 

fastigiata (Nees) Doll. 

Gymnopogon fastigiatusNees subsp. fastigiatus. 

DST.: Boli, Braz, Colo, CoRi, Pana, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse. G., M Sousa S. & A. 0. 

Chatcr (editores generales) (1994); Pohl, R. W. 

(1980); Pohl, R. W. (1994); Smith Jr., I P. (1971). 

Gymnopogon fastigiatus subsp. jubiflorus (Hitchc.) J,P. 

Smith, Iowa State J. Sci. 45; 36L 1971. Basionym: 
Gymnopogon jubiflorus Hitchc. 

DST.: Boll. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse, G., M Sousa S. & A. O. 

Chater (editores generales) (1994); Pohl, R. W. 

(1994);Smith Jr., J.P. (1971). 
SYN.: Gymnopogon jubiflorus Hitchc. 

Gymnopogon fdiformis Griseb., Fl. Brit W. I 538. 1864. T- 

Protol.: Trinidad, Crueger sm. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
Trinidad, no date, Crueger s.n. [HT: GOET; IT: B, 

US-822349]. 
= Gymnopogon spicatns (Spreng.) Kuntze. 

Gymnopogon floridanus Swallen, N. Amer. Fl. 17(8): 607. 

1939. T-Prolol.: USA: Florida: Clay Co.: collected on 
open, sandy prairie, Penny Farms, 15 Nov 1938, 
Swallen 5596 [HT: US-1723536]. T-Specim.: 1 of L 
USA: Florida: Clay Co., Penny Farms, 15 Nov 1938, 
JR. Swallen 5596 [HT: US-1723536, IT: L]. 
= Gymnopogon chapmanhmus Hitchc. 



426. 1829. Basionym: Chlorisfoliosa Willd. 

DST.: Braz, Cari, FrGu, Guya, Peru, Suri, USA, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allcm, A. C. & J. F. M. Valls 

(1987); Anonymous (1986); Brako, L. & J. L 
Zarucchi (1993); Doll, J. C (1878); Filgueiras, T. S 
(1991); Filgueiras, T. S. (1999); Hitchcock, A. S 
(1936); Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); Liogier, II. & L 
Martorell (1982); Longhi-Wagncr, H. M. (1990) 
Macbride, J. F. (1936); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1984); 
Smith Jr., J, P. (1971); Tovar, 6. (1993). 

SYN.: Aristida chloris Salzm. ex Doll; Aristida geminata 

Willd. ex Steud.; Blather ium foliosa (Willd.) Desv.; 
Chloris aristida Salzm. ex Steud.; Chloris foliosa 
Willd.; Gymnopogon puUulans Doll. 

Gymnopogon glabcr Caro, Dominguezia 5: 17, f. 5. 1982. 

T-Protot.; Argentina: Salta: Dpto. Anta: Ccrro 
Maldonado, Jun \9M,Ragonese 131 [HT: BA]. 
DST.: Arge. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Caro, J. A. (1982); Zuloaga, F. O., E. 

G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. 
Pensiero & A. M. Cialdclla (1994). 

Gymnopogon grandillorus Roseng., B.R. Arill. & Izag., 

Bol. Fac. Agron. Univ. Montevideo 103: 20, f. 4. 
1968. T-Protol.: Uruguay: Depto Maldonado: arroyo 
Soils, proximo a la barra, 8 Apr 1955, Rosengnrtt B- 
6347 [HT; MVFAj. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Uruguay: 

\laldonado: Arroyo Solfs, proxima a la barra, 8 Apr 
1955, B. Rosengurti B-6347 [HT: MVFA; IT: BAA, 

US-2946505]. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Burkart. A. (1969); Caro, J. A. 

(1982); Rosengurtt, B., B. R. Arrillaga de Maffei & 

P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970), Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. 

Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. 

Pensiero & A. M. Cialdclla (1994). 
SYN.; Gymnopogon brevisetus (Hack.) J. P. Smith; 

Gymnopogon spicatus var. brevisetus Hack. 

Gymnopogon haumanii Parodi, Physis (Buenos Aires) 4: 1 83. 

1918. T-Specim.i 1 of 2. Paraguay, Sapucay, Nov 
1894, Dresse [ST]. 2 of 2. [Argentina]; Trinidad, 
Asuncion, M5'. Bertonl 2493 [ST]. 
NOTE: cites Chloris radiata sensu. Hack., non SW, in 

Berttoni, Anal. Ci. Paraguay (ser. II) 2: (1918). 
= Chloris pycnothrix Trin. 

Gymnopogon jubiflorus Hitchc, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

24(8) 412. 1927. T-Protol.: Bolivia: collected at 
Guanay, northern Bolivia, alt, 600 m. May 1886,//.//. 
Rushy 215 [HT: US-879400]. T-Specim,: 1 of 1. 
Bolivia: Guanay, May 1886, H.II. Rusby215 [HT: US- 
879400]. 
= Gymnopogon fastigiatus subspjubillorus (Hitchc.) J. P. 

Smith. 

Gymnopogon laevis Nees, FI. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 428. 1829. 

T-Protol.: Habitat ad Monte Wdto.Sellow s.n. [HT: 
B]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Bn\n\,Sellow s.n. [120SS at L] 
[HT: B, IT: L, US (fragm. ex B)]. 
= Gymnopogon spicatus fo. spicatus. 

Gymnopogon laevis yor. laevis. 



126 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



= Gyninoptjgon spicatiis fo. spicutus. 

Gyninopogon lacvis y ?ir. pltuijlorus Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 81. 

187S. T-Protol.; Drasil. piopc Ypaneiiia. Riedel s.n. 
= Gymnapo«;;oii spicatus fo. spicatus. 

Gymnopogon legrandii Roseng., B.R. Arill. & Izag., Bol. 

Fac. Agroii. Univ. Montevideo !03: 22, f. 5. 1968. T- 
Protol.: Uruguay: Canclones: Carrasco, Aeropuerto, en 
arenas, 4 Mar 19 A9, Roscugurti B-5291 [I IT: MVFA; 
IT: BAA, USJ. T-Spccim.: I of 1. Uruguay: 
Canclones: Carrasco, Aeropuerto, en arenas, 4 Mar 
1949, B. Rosengvrtt B-5291 [HT: MVFA; If: BAA, 

SI, US]. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCriD. BY: Burkart. A. (1969), Care, J. A. 

(1982); Rosengurtl, B.. B. R. Arrillaga de Maffei & 

P. Izaguirre tie Artucio (1970); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. 

Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. 

Pensiero & A. M. Cialdclla (1994). 
SYN.: Gyninopogon hijlorus var. ciliatikmma Burkart; 

Gymnopogon swalleniiJV. Smith. 

Gyninopogon longifolius F. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 144. 1886. 

T-Protol.: Mexico: Veracruz: Oct, Gouin 52, T- 
Specini.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Veracruz, 1&67, Gouin 52 
[IIT:P;lT:US-s.n. (fragm. exP)]. 
= Enteropogon chIurideus(J. PresI) Clayton. 

Gynmopogon mollis Nees, FI. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 427. 1829. 

T-Specim.: I of 3. Brazil; Pcrnambuco, A/a/7/i^A- [ST: 
M?]. 2 of 3. Brazil: Piauhi: Martins Iter ?oros,K.F.P. 
von MarlhissM. [ST: M?; 1ST: US-3386738 (fragm.)]. 
3 of 3. Brazil: \i[\\\YK\, Martins s.n. [ST: M?], 
= Fntcropogon mollis (Nccs) Clayton, 

Gynmopogon muticus Hack., Anales Mus. Nac. liucnos Aires 

21: 117. 1911. 
NOTE: num. nud. 
= GyiiMiopo^on burcliellii (Munro ex Doll) Ekman. 

Gymnopogon pullulans Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 82, pi. 23, f. I. 

1878. T-Specim.: I of 1. Brazil, Burchel! 539S [LT: K; 
ILT: B, GH, PJ, ILT designated by Smith, Iowa St. J. 
Sci. 45: 366. (1974). 
= Gymnopogon foliosus (W illd.) Nccs. 

Gyninopogon raccmosus P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 41, 164, 

t. 9, f. 3, 1812. 
NOTE: nom. nov., num. illcg. superfl. for Andropogon 

ambiguus Michx, 
REPLACED NAME: Andropogon ambiguus Michx. 
CORRECT NAME: Andropogon amhiguus Michx. 
= Gymnopogon ambigmis (Michx.) Britten, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Gyniiiupogon raccmosus wdv.fdiformis Chapm., Fl. S.E. U.S. 

556. 1860. 
= Gymnopogon brcvifolius Trin. 

Gymnopogon racemosus 1 rin. var. raccmosus. 
— Gymnopo*^on brevifolins Trin. 

Gymnopogon radiatus (L.) Parodi, Physib (Buenos Aires) 4: 

180. 1918. \V,\'^\o\\ym: Agrostis radiata\.. 
= Chloris radiata (L.) Sw. 



Gymnopogon radiatus var. beyricbiana (Kunth) Parodi, 

Physis (Buenos Aires) 4: 173. 1918. Basionym: 
Chloris beyricbiana Kunth. 
= Chloris pycnothrix Trin. 

Gymnopogon rigidus DOll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 80. 1878. T-Protol.: 

prov. Minaruni, 



Brazil: Habitat ad 



Lagoa Santa 



Warming s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. Brazil: MiiiasGerais: 
in campis ad Lagoa Santa, Warming s.n. [I IT: B]. 

NOTr:hom.illcg. 

E. NAME: Gymnopogon rigidus Tliwaitcs. 

CORRECT NAME: Gymnopogon doellii Boechat & Vails. 

= Gymnopogon doellii Boechat & Vails. 

Gymnopogon rupcstre Rid!., J. Linn. Soc, Bot. 27: 73. 1890. 

T-Protol.: Brazil: Fernando do Nuronha, cliffs on 
Portugese Bay, 14 Sep \^&1, Ridley <^ Ramage s.n. T- 
Specini.: I of L Brazil: Fernando do Nuronha, cliffs 
on Portugese Bay, 14 Sep 1887, //A/. Ridley et al 165 
[HT:BM, 1T:US-821287]. 
= Entcropogon mollis (Nces) Clayton. 

Gymnopogon scoparius Trin., Gram, Unit! SesquitL 237. 

1824. T-Protol.: USA: V. sp. e New Jersey[I[T: LE]. 
T-Specini.: 1 of 1. Nov. Coesar., \835,Gray [HT: LE- 

TRIN-2123.01(&fig.)]. 
= Gymnopogon ambiguus (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Gymnopogon spicatus (Spreng) Kuntze, Rcvis. Gen, PI. 

3(2): 354. 1898. Basionym: Polypogon spicatus 
Sprcng. 
DST.: Arge, Beli, Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, Guat, Gu>a, Ilond, 

Mexi, Para, Urug, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allcm, A. C. & J. F. M. Vails 

(1987); Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D. E. Alha 

(2000); Beetle, A. A. (1977); Burkart, A. (1969); 

Caro, J. A. (1982), Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. 

Chater (cditores gencrales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., 

A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Vaides-Rcyna (2000); 

Filgueiras, T. S. (1991); Filguciras, T." S. (1999); 

Foster, R. C. (1958); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 

Hitchcock. A. S. (1936); Jud/.iewicz, E. J. (1990); 

Kiliccn, T. J. (1990); McClurc, F. A. (1955); Molina 

R., A. (1975); Pohl, R. W. (1994); Rcnvoizc, S. A. 

(1984); Rcnvoizc, S. A. (1988); Renvoize, S. A. 

(1998); Smith Jr., J. P. (1971); Smith, L. B., D. C. 
Wasshausen & R. M, Klein (1981); Zuloaga, F. O., 
E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rngolo de Agrasar, 0. Morrone, 
J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 
SYN.: Gymnopogon biflorus Pilg.; Gy/nnopogon biflorus 

var. biJlorus\ Gymnopogon filiformis Griscb.; 
Muhlenbcrgia spicata (Sprcng) Kunth; Polypogon 

spicatus Spreng.; Trichochloa spicata (Spreng.) 
Schiilt. 

Gymnopogon spicatus var. brevisetus Hack., Anales Mus. 

Nac. Buenos Aires 21: 117. 1911 . T-Pruto!.: [HT: G]. 
N0TE:ser3, 14. 
= Gymnopogon grandiflorus Roseng., B.R. Arill. ik Izag. 

Gynmopogon spicatus fo. longiaristatiis (Kuntze) J. P. 

Smith, Iowa State J. Sci. 45(3): 37 L 1971. Basionym: 
Gymnopogon spicatus var. longiaristatus Kuntze. 

DST.: Boli, Braz, Colo, Hond, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



127 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Foster, R. C. (1958); Smith Jr., J. P. 

(197!). 
SYN,; Cymnopogon spicatiis var. iougiaristatus Kuntze. 

Gymnopogon spicatus var. longiaristatits Kuntze, Revis. 

Gen. PI. 354. 1891. T-Protol.: Bolivia: OsNVclasco, 
200 m. T-Specim.: 1 of 1 . [LT: NYJ, LT designated by 
Smith. Iowa Si. J. Sci. 45: 372. 1971. 
= Cymnopogon spicatus fo. longiaristatus (Kuntze) J.P. 

Smith. 

Gymnopogon spicatus \ar.p!uriJIorus (Doll) Stuck., Anales 

Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires 21: 117. 1911. Basionym: 
Gymnopogon laevis var. plurijlorus Doll. 

NOTE: comb, illeg. 

= Gymnopogon spicatus fo. spicatus. 

Gymnopogon spicatus var. plurijlorus (Doll) Parodi 

Basionym: Gymnopogon laevis var. plurijlorus Doll. 
NOTE: comb, superll. 
= Gymnopogon spicatus fo. spicatus. 

Gymnopogon spicatus (Sprcng.) Kuntze fo. spicatus. 
DST.: Arge, Bcli, Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, Guat, Guya, Hond, 

Mexi, Para, Urug, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Smith Jr., J. P. (1971). 

SYN.: Gymnopogon bijiorus V\\g.\ Gymnopogon filijormis 

Griseb.; Gymnopogon laevis Nees; Gymnopogon 
laevis var. laevis] Gymnopogon laevis \dJ. plurijlorus 
D(^ll; Gymnopogon spicatus \'di. plurijlorus (Doll) 
Parodi; Gymnopogon spicatus yar. plurijlorus (Doll) 
Stuck.; Gymnopogon spicatus var. spicatus. 

Gymnopogon spicatus (Sprcng.) Kuntze var. spicatus. 
= Gymnopogon spicatus fo. spicatus. 

Gymnopogon swallenii JV. Smith, Iowa State J. Sci, 45(3); 

373. 1971. T-Protol.: Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul: Rio 
Grande, Swollen 9235 [HT: US-1960896]. T^Specim.: 
1 of 1. Brazil: Rio Grande do Sul, 3 May \946J.R. 
Snallen 9235 [IIT: US-I960896; IT; US-3 135306]. 
= Gymnopogon Icgrandii Roseng., B.R. Arill. & Izag. 

Gymnopogon virletiiE. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 144. 1886, T- 

Protol.: Mexico: San Luis dc Potosi, Virlett 1441 [HT: 

= Enteropogon chh)rideus(J. Presl) Clayton. 

Hackelia Vasey ex Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 438. 1896. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Gouinia polygama, non Opiz 

1838. 
= Gouinia E. Fourn. ex Iknth. & Hook, f 

Hackelia anguslijolia Vasey ex Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 438. 

1896. 
NOTE: nom. invaK, as syn. of Gouinia polygama Fourn. 
= Gouinia virgata (J. Presl) Scribn. 

Halochloa Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. Gotlingen 24: 

285. 1879. 
NOTE: later horn., tion Kuetzing 1843. 
= Monanthochloe Engelm. 

Halochloa acerosa Griseb., Symb. Fl. Argent. 285. 1879. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of I. Lorentz & Ilieronymis 488 [IT: US 
(fragm. ex Griseb herb.)]. 
= Monanthochloe acerosa (Griseb.) Speg. 



Heleochloa Host ex Rocin., Collecteana 233. 1809. TYPE: 

Heleochloa alopecuroides{?\\\. & Mitt.) Roem. 
= Crypsis Aiton. 

Heleochloa alopecuroides (Filler & Milterp.) Host, Icon, 

Descr. Gram. Austriac. 1: 23. t. 29. 1801. Basionym: 
Phleum alopecuroides Filler & Mitterp. 
^ CrypMs alopecuroides (Filler & Mitterp.) Sehrad. 

Heleochloa compacta (Stcud.) T. Durand & Schin/. Consp. 

FI. Afr. 5: 814. 1894. Basionym; Crypsls compacta 
Steud. 
= Crypsis vaginiflora (Forssk.) Opiz. 

Heleochloa Juncea P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 24, 147, 164, t. 

7,f. 2. 1812. 
REPLACED NAME: Agrostis juncea Michx. 
BLOCKING NAME: Agrostis juncea Lam. 
- Sporobolus junccus (P. Beauv.) Kunth. 



Heleochloa schoenoides (L.) Host, Icon. Descr. Gram. 

Austriac. 1: 23, t. 30. 1801. Basionym: Phleum 
schoenoides L. 
= Crypsis schoenoides (L.) Lam. 

Hemigyiimia malabarica (L.) llenrard, Meded. Rijks-Herb. 

61: 12. 1930. Basionym: Poa malabarica L. 
NOTE: nom. rej., basionym rej. [ICBN art. 56.2]. 
= Leptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Hemimunroa (Parodi) Parodi, Notas Mus. La Plata. Bot. 2: 4. 

1937. Basionym: Munroa subg. Hemlnmnroa Parodi. 
= Munroa Torr. 

Hemimunroa andina (Phil.) Parodi, Notas Mus. La Plata, Bot. 

2: 6. 1937. Basionym: Munroa andina Phil. 
= Munroa andina Phil. 

Hemimunroa andina (Phil.) Parodi var. andina, 
- Munroa andina Phil 

Hemimunroa andina var. breviseta (Hack.) Parodi, Notas 

Mus. La Plata, Bot. II: 6. 1937. Basionym; M^;7;'f:>a 

andina var. breviseta 1 lack. 

= Munroa andina Phil. 

Heterosteca Dcsv., Nouv. Bull, Sci. Soc. Philom. Paris 2: 

188. 1810. TYPE: HeterosiecajuncifoUa Desv. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Heterosteca juncijolia Desv., Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. Philom. 

Paris 2: 188. 1810. T-Protol.: Habitat in Antillis. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 3. Cuba: La Habana, ^.y./l. Bonpland 
I32B [IIT: P; IT; US-2830954(rmgm.)]. 2 of 3. 
Antilles, Coll. Ukn. s.n. [T. P(frgam., US-2830952)]. 3 
of 3. Cuba, no date, C. IVright 739 [T: I_:NY-70990, 
NY-7099I]. 
= Bouteloua rcpens (Kunth) Scribn. 

Heterosteca rhadina Nash, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 30(7): 

386. 1903. T-Protol: Puerto Rico: collected on the 
Adjuntas road, near Ponce, Heller 6057 [HT: NY]. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Puerto Rico: on the Adjuntas road, 3 
miles from Ponce, 18 Nov \m2, AA, Heller 6057 
[I IT: NY-71 1 13; IT: US-426292]. 
= Bouteloua repcns (Kunth) Scribn. 

Helerostega americana (L.) Dcsv., J. Bot. Agric. 1; 68. 1813. 

Basionym: Aristida americana L. 
= Bouteloua americana (L.) Scribn. 



128 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



Heterostcga curfipcnclula Schwciii. ex Hook, f., Trans. Linn. 

Soc. London 20: 175. 1847. 
NOTE: as "Helcrostegon" curtipcndula; as syn, of Eutriana 

afllnis Hook. f. 
= Boutcloua curtipendula (Michx.) Torr. 

Hexarrhcnai, PresI, Reliq. Ilacnk. 1(4-5): 326. 1830. TYPE: 

flexarrbcna cenchroides J. Presl. 
= Hilaria Kunth. 

Hexarrhcfia cenchroides J. Presl, Reliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 326, 

t, 14. 1830. r-Protol.: Hab. in Mexico, //ae^^e s.n., 
Possibl> the same as Ililaria cenchroides Kunlh type. 
T-Specini.: 1 of I. Mexico, T.IIaenke [IT: US- 

2906093 (fragm,)]. 
= Hilaria cenchroides Kunlh. 



Hilaria Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: ed. qu. 116. 1815 

[1816]. TYPE; Hilaria cenchroides Kunth. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NUT: Cynodonteae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 7, SUBSP.: 2. 
CNSI.Ta LIT.: Sohns, E. R., (1956). 
SYN,: Ilexarrhena J. Presl; Schleropelta Buckley; 

Symbasiandra Steud. 

Hilaria annua Reeder & C. Reeder, Madroilo 35: 7. 1988. T- 

ProloL: Mexico: Colima: 10 km S of Ciudad Colinia, 
300 in, abundant along roadside with other rank 
:ds, 300 ni, 24 Sep 1974, Reeder & Reeder 63i3 



[HT: ARIZ, IT: MEXU, MICH, RM, US]. T-Specim.: 
1 of I. Mexico: Colima, 24 Sep 1974,J./i. Reeder & 
C.G. Reeder 6333 [HT: ARIZ; IT: MLXU, MICH, 
RM, US-3206089]. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Sema, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Reeder, J. R. & 
C.G- Reeder (1988). 

Hilaria belanucri (Steud.) Nash, N. Amer. Fl. 17(2): 135. 

1912. Basionym: Anthephora belangeri Steud. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. B^': Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Espejo Serna, A,, A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); McVaugh. R. 
(1983); Munz, P. A. (1968); Munz, P. A. (1974); 
Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964); Sohns, E. R. 
(1956). 

SYN.: Anthephora belangeri Steud.; lUlaria cenchroides 

var. texana Vasey; Hilaria texana (Vasey) Nash; 
Schleropelta stolonifera Buckley. 

Hilaria belangeri (Steud.) Nash var. belangeri. 
DSr.: Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPIC: I. 

Hilaria belangeri UNRANKLD longifolia (Vasey) Hitchc, 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 41: 162. 1928. Basionym: 
Hilaria cenchroides var. longifolia Vasey. 

= Hilaria belangeri var. longifolia (Vasey) Hitchc. 

Hilaria belangeri var. longifolia (Vasey) Hitchc, Man. 

Grasses U.S. 200: 870. 1935. Basionym: Hdana 
cenchroides var, longifolia Vasey. 
NOTE: first ranked combination. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 



LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

SYN.: Hilaria belangeri UNRANKED longifolia (Vasey) 

Hitchc. 

Hilaria cenchroides Kunth, Nov. Gen, Sp, 1: 117, t. 37. 

1815 [1816J. T-Protol.: Crcscit in planitie montana 
regni Mexican!, inter Zelaya et Guanaxuato, locis 

sublrigidis, alt. 980 htx^p., Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. 

T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: inter Zelaya et 

Guanaxuato, Humboldt ct Bonpland s.n. [HT: P; IT: 

LE-TRIN-0379.01 (fragm.), US-81367 (fragm.)]. 

DST.: Gnat, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Brccdiovc, D. E. (1986), Davidse, G. (1994); 

Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chatcr (editores 

gcncrales) (1994), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Ferrari, and J, Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & 

R. Moran (1981); McChire, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, 

R. (1983), Shreve, F. & L L. Wiggins (1964); Sohns, 

E. R. (1956). 

SYN.: Hexarrliena cenchroides J. Presl. 

Hilaria cenchroides var. ciliata Scribn., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 1891: 293. 1891. T-Prolol: Mexico: near 
Guadalajara, 17 May 1890,^/-//?^/^ 3128 [HT: US]. T- 
Speciin.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Jalisco: valley of the Rio 

Grande dc Santiago at Atcquiza, 17 May 1898,/V/>7g/e 
3128 [HT: US-70845; IT: CM, NY], despite the 
difference in citation in the protologue, based on the 
same collection -gd. 

NOTE: as "ciliatus\ 

- Hilaria ciliata (Scribn.) Nash. 



Hilaria cenchroides var. longifolia Vasey, Proc. Amcr. Acad. 

Arts 24: 80. 1889. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Sonora; 
Guayamas, 1887, £. Palmer 347 [HT: US-926525; IT: 
US-81938]. 
= Hilaria belangeri UNRANKED longifolia (Vasey) 

Hitchc. 

Hilaria cenchroides var. texana Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 1(2): 53. 1890. T-Specim : 1 of L USA: Texas: 
Duval Co., 1890, G.C Nealley 600 [HT: US-81368]. 
= Ililaria belangeri (Sleud.) Nash. 



Hilaria ciliata (Scribn.) Nash, N. Amcr, FL 17(2): 136. 1912. 

Basionym: Hilaria ccnchroides\dx. ciliata Scribn. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); 

Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); McVaugh, R. 
0983);Sohns,E. R. (1956), 

SYN.: Hilaria cenchroides var. ciliata Scribn.; Hilaria 

ciliata (Scribn.) Sohns. 

Hilaria ciliata (Scribn.) Sohns, J. Wash, Acad, Sci. 46: 317. 

1956. Basionym: Hilaria cenchroides var. ciliata 

Scribn. 
NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Hilaria ciliata (Scribn.) Nash. 

= Hilaria ciliata (Scribn) Nash. 

Hilaria hintunii Sohns, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 46(10): 319, f 

30-34. 1956. T-Protol.: Mexico: Temascaltcpec, 
Lluvianos, llano. 9/8/1933, Ifmton 4502 [H'f: US- 
1840874]. T-Specim.: I of 1. Mexico: Temascaltcpec, 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



129 



9 Aug 1933 or 8 Sep 1933,^.5. Hinton 4502 [HT: Hymenothecium tnsetum Lag., Gcii. Sp. PI. 4. 1816. T- 



US-1840874]. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espcjo Scrna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Sohns, E. R. (1956). 

Hilaria jamesii (Torr.) Bcnth, J. Linn. Soc, Bot. 19: 62. 

188L Basionym: Pleuraphis jamesii Tort. 
= Pleuraphis jamesii Torr. 

Hilaria mutica (Buckley) Bcnth., J. Linn. Soc, Bot. 19: 62. 

1881. Basionym: Pleuraphis mutica Buckley. 
-Pleuraphis mutica Buckley. 

Hilaria rigida (Thurb.) Benth. ex Scribn., Bull. Torrey Bot. 



ProtoL: Habit, in Mexico Imperi(>[HT: MA], cites 
Cynosurus gracilis C'd\ . ll.R.M. L I. 5, f. 2. 
= Aegopogon cenchroidesHunib. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Hymenothecium unisetum Lag., Gen. Sp. PI. 4. 1816. T- 

Prolol.: Cult from seed: H. in Imp. Mcxicano, /77/55;Y 
D.Sesse[\n:UAl 
= Aegopogon tenellus (DC.) Trin. 

Ipmun Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 36: 211. 1870. JWY-Ipnum 

mendocinum Phil. 
= Lcptochloa P. Beauv. 

Jpmim mendocinum PhiL, Anales Univ. Chile 36: 21 L 1870. 

T-Protol.: Mendoza. T-Specini.: 1 of I. Argentina: 
Mendoza FHT: SCO. IT: BAA-14521. 



Club 9: 86. 1882. Basionym: Pleuraphis rigida Thurb. = Lcptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 



= Pleuraphis rigida Thurb. 

Hilaria semplei Sohns, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 46(10): 319, f. 

36-50. 1956. T-Protol.: Mexico: Michoacdn: Llanos de 
Antuficz, ca. 12 mi E of Apatzing:in, alt. 1000 ft, Nov 
1955, dense heavy stands on very heavy clay soil, 
dominant grass over many areas, A, T. Semple s.n. 
[HT: US-2183565], T-Spccim.: 1 of L Mexico: 
Michoacan: Llanos de Antufiez, ca. 12 mi E of 
Apatzingan, clcv. 1000 ft, Nov \955,A.T. Semple s.n. 
[ITT: US-2183565, IT:US-2378480]. 

DST.: MexL 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espcjo Scrna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Sohns, E. R. (1956). 

Hilaria sericea Bcnlli., J. Linn. Soc, Bot. 19; 62. 1881. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Pleuraphis jamesii Torr. 

Hilaria swallenii Cory, Wrightia I: 215. 1948. T^Specim.: 1 

of I. USA: Texas: Jeff Davis Co.: Musquiz Canyon, 
28 Jul 1938, OR. Sperry T778 [TYPE: US-1839917]. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



Jouvea E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 15(3): 

475. 1876. TY?E: Jouvea straf)iinea E. Fuurn. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Monanthochloinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 2. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Wcatherwax, P., (1939). 
SYN.: Rhachidospermum Vasey, 

Jouvea pilosa (J. PresI) Scribn., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 23: 

143. 1896. Basionym: Brizopyrum p'dosum J. PresI. 

DST.: CoRi, ElSa, Guat, I lond, Mexi, Nica. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Berendsohn, 

W. G. & A. E. Araniva dc Gonzalez (1991); 

Breedlove, D. E. (1986), Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & 

A. O. Chater (cditores gcncralcs) (1994); Espcjo 

Serna, A., A. R. L6pcz-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rc}na 

(2000); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Levin, G. 

A. & R. Moran (1989); McChire, F. A. (1955); 

McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. (1975), Pohl, R. 

W. & G. Davidse (1994); Pohl, R. W. (1980); 

Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964). 
SYN.: Brizopyrum pilosum J. PresI, Poa preslii Kunth; 

Rhachidospermum mexicanum Vascy. 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. Jouvea straminca E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 



(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 
Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S, (1951); Sohns, E. R. 
(1956). 

iniaria texana (Vascy) Nash, Fl. South. U.S. 68. 1903. 

Basionym: Hilaria cenchroidesxar. texanaVn^cy, 
= Hilaria bclangcri (Steud,) Nash. 

Hubbardochloinae subtrib. Auquier, Bull. Jard, Bot. Belg. 

50:246. 1980. 

Hymenothecium Lag., Gen. Sp. PI. 4. 1816. TYPE: 



Hymenothecium tenellum (Cav. ex DC) Lag. 
= Acgopogon Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Hymenothecium quinquesetum Lag., Gen. Sp. PI. 4. 1816. T- 

Protol.: Habitat in Mex. Ipcrio, Ludovicus Nee 



I 



[HT:MA]. 
Vcgopogon cenchroidesHumb, & Bonpl. ex Willd. 



15(3): 475-476. 1876. T-Protol. : Mexico: in arena 
littorali maris Pacifici prope San Auguslin, decenibri 
florifera, Liebmann s.n. [HT: BR]. T-Specim.: 1 of I. 
Mexico: Oaxaca: prope San Augustin, Oct 1842, 
Liehermann 738 [HT: BR; IT: US-919t5 (fragm. ex 
herb, musci botanici Haunicnsis)], 
DST.: CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, Hond, Mexi, Nica, Pana. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Berendsohn, 

W. G. & A. E. Araniva dc Gonzalez (1991); Davidse, 
G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chalcr (cditores gcncralcs) 
(1994); Espejo Serna, A„ A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdcs-Re>na (2000); Jorgcnscn, P. M. & S. Leon- 
Yancz (cds.) (1999); McClurc, F. A, (1955); 
McVaugh. R (1983); Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse 
(1994);Pohl, R. W. (1980). 

Jouveae trib. Pilg., Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 14d: 168. 1956. 

TYPE: JoOTea E.Fourn. 



Hymenothecium tenelhm (Cav. ex DC.) Lag., Gen. Sp. PI. 4. Koeleria avenacca (Kunth) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 332. 1825. 



1816. Basionym: Cynosurus tenellus Cav. ex DC. 
Aegopogon tenellus (DC) Trin. 



Basionym: Triodia avenacea Kunth. 
= Erioneuron avcnaceum (Kunth) Tatcoka. 



130 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Koeleria multijlora Regel & Herter, Index Sem. (St. 

Petersburg) 23. 1858. T-Protol.: Cult.: Hort. Petrop : 
seed from Chile, M Philippe [T: PI-]. 
'- Eraj^rostis peruviana (Jaccj.) Trin. 

Koeleria pulchijUa (Kunlh) Spreug., SysP Veg. 1: 332. 1825. 

Basionym: Triodia pulchclla Kuiith. 

= Dasyochloa pulchclla (Kunlh) Willd. ex Rydb. 

Kralikia Coss. & Duricu, BuU. Soc. Bot. France 14: 89. 1867. 
= Tripogon Roem, & Schult. 

Kralikiclla Batl. & Trab., Fl. Alg. Monocot. 245. 1895. 
NOTC: nom. supcrfl. pro Kralikia. 
= Tripoj;()n Roem. & Schult. 

Lamarckia tenella DC, Cat. Pi. Horti Monsp. 120. 1813. T- 

ProtoF: Cavanillas ex ht>rl. niadr., patriae ignore. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Cultivated at Montpclier,^rto^. fllT: 
MPU?; IT: US-75926 (fragni.)]. 
= Acgopogon tencllus (DC.) Trin. 

Langsdorffia Rcgcl, Index Scm. (St. Petersburg) 26. 1863. 
NOTE: later hom., non Mart. 1818, insyn. sub E. 

distichophylla. 
= Eiistachys Dcsv. 



= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Lepiureae trib. Dumort., Observ. Gramin. Belg. 83, 140 

1824. 

NOTE: nom. inval., orth. var. Leptureae. 



LeptOChloa p. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 7L 1812. 

TYPE: Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv.; LT 
designated by Ni!es & Chase, Conlr. U.S. NatF 24(6): 
180 (1925); the earlier designation by Nash, III. Fl. 
North. U.S. Canada, ed. 2, 229 (I919J is ineffective 
according to ING Art. 1 0.5 *Ex. 6. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. & N. Snow. 
NHT: Cynodonteae. NO. ACCPTD SPP.: 17 SUBSP.; 9. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Lazarides, M., (1980), Nicora, E. G., 

(1995). 
SYN.: Anoplia Stcud.; Baldomiria Ilcrtcr; Diachroa Nult.; 

Diaclspcrma Kuntzc, Diplachne P. Beauv.; 
Disakispenna Stcud,; Ipnum Phil.; Leptostachys G. 
Mey.; Oxydenia^u\X.\Rahdochloa P. Beauv. 

Leptochloa acuminata (Nash) Mohlenbr, 111. Fl. Illinois 293. 

1973. Basionym: Diplachne acnmmataN^sh. 
= Leptochloa fiisca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N Snow. 



Lappagininae subuib. Endl., Fl. Poson. 100. 1830. TYPE: Leptochloa albemarlensis B.L, Rob. & Grccnm., Anicr. J. 



Lappago Schreb.; nom, illeg. superfl. Tragus Haller. 
NOTE: nom. illeg., genus iileg. 

Lappago Schrcb., Gen. Fil. (Ann. Cryptog. Phytopathol. 5:) 

55. 1789. 

NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrtl. 
= Tragus Haller. 

Lappago aliena Spreng., Neue Entdeck. Pllan/.cnk. 3; 15. 

1822. T-Protol.: I lab. in Brasilia, Zeyher. 
= Tragus berteronianus Schult. 

Lappago berteroniana Schult. ex Steud., Syn. PL Gluinac. 1; 

112. 1854. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. 
= Tragus berteronianus Schult. 

Lappago occidcntalis Nccs ex Hook., Fl. Brit. India 7: 97. 

1896. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Tragus racemosus Scop. 
= Tragus bertenHiianus Schuh. 

Lappago racemosa (L.) Ilonck., Syn. PL Germ. 1: 440. 1792. 

Basionym: Cenchrus racemosus L. 

^ Tragus racemosus (L.) All. 

Lasiostega Benth., PL Hartw. 347. 1857. 
NOTE; ni>m. nud. 



= Bouteloua Lag. 

Lasiostega humilis Rupr. ex Manro, PL Hartw. 347. 1857. 
= Bouteloua dactyloidcs (Nutt,) Columbus. 

Lasioirichos Lehm., Del. Sem. Hort. Hamburg. 1834: 7. 

1834. 
NOTE: in syn. sub Fingerhuthia. 
= Fingerhuthia Nces. 

Latipes Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. 1; 53. 1829. TYPE: ia/zpc^ 

senegalensis Kunlh. 
= Leptodiriuni Kunth. 

Lepeocercis serrala (Rctz.) Trin., Fund. Agrost. 203, t. 18. 

1820. Basionym: Andropogon scrratum Rctz. 



Sci. 50: 145. 1895. T-ProtoL: Galapagos Islands: S. 
Albemarle IsL, Jul 189I,i?uw/- 37/. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Ecuador: Galapagos Islands: IsIa Isabcia, Southern 
Portion, (as Albemarle L), Jul 1891, G. Baw 341 [IT: 
US-91025, US-91027 (fragm.)]. 
= Trichoncura iindleyana var. albcmurlcnsis (B.L. Rob. 

& Greenm) Recdcr & C. Recdcr. 

Leptochloa aquatica Scribn. & Mcrr., Bull. Div. AgrostoL, 

U.S.D.A. 24: 26, 1901. T-ProtoL: Mexico: Morelos: in 
shallow water near Cuernavaca, alt. 1700 m, 22 Aug 
1897, C,a Pringle 6664 [HT: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Morelos: in shallow water near Cuernavaca, 
5200 n, 22 Aug 1897, CC. Pringle 6664 [HT: US- 
316891; IT; B, CM, GH, L, M, MCU, MEXU, MO- 
2972338, NY-19495, P, TAESJ. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVLACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espcjo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

McVaugh, R. (1983). 

Leptochloa arabica (Jacq.) Kunth, Revis. Giamin. I; 9L 

1829. Basionym: Dmebra arabica Jacq. 
^ Oinebra retroflexa (Vahl) Panz. 

Leptochloa attenuala (Nutt.) Steud., Syn. PL Glumac. 1: 209. 

1854. Basion)m: Oxydenia attenuata Nutt. 
- Leptochloa panicca subsp. mucronafa (Michx.) 

Nowack. 

Leptochloa barhata Desv. ex Kiileen, Ann. Missouri Bot. 

Gard. 77(1): 164. 1990. 

NOTE: iKMii. inval., as syn. of Leptochloa virgata (L,) P. 

Beauv. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv, 

Leptochloa barbata (Desv.) Parodi ex Nicora, Hickcnia 

2(19): 91. 1993. Basionym: Eleusine barbata Desv. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Nicora, E. G. (1995). 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



131 



SYN.: Eleusine barbata Desv. 

Leptochloa braduatu Stcud., Syn. PI. Glumac. I: 209. 1854. 

T-Protol.: Guadeloupe, Duchaissing s.n. [IIT: PJ, as 



Leptochloa digitaria (Kuntii) Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 

433. 1829. Basionym: Chlorls digitaria Kunth. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 



spelled by Steudel. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Guadeloupe, Leptochloa digitata (R. Br.) Domin, Bibliolh. BoL 85: 379 



Duchassaing s.n. [IIT; P (fragm., US)], as spelled in 
Authors of Plant Names (1992). 

= Leptochloa panicca subsp. brachiata (Steud.) N. Snow. 

Leptochloa brandegei (Vasey) Hitchc., U.S.D.A. Bur PI. 

Industr. Bull. 33: 21. 1903. Basionym: Diplachne 
brandegei Vasey. 
= Eiiteropogon brandegei (Vasey) Clayton. 

Leptochloa burchellii Munro ex Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 93. 

1878. T-Protol.: Habitat in prov. S. Vm\o,Burchell 
4462. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Sao V'dulo, BurcheH 
4462 [HT: K; IT: BAA (fragm.), BR, L'S (fragm. ex 

K), US (fragm. ex BR)]. 
= Gymnopogon burchellii (Munro ex Doll) Ckman. 

Leptochloa calycina (Roxb.) Kuntii, Revis. Gramin. 1: 91. 

1829. Basionym: Eleusine calycina Roxb. 
^ Dincbra retroflexa var. relroflexa. 

Leptochloa carinata 1 lack. 
NOTE: entry error fot Diplachne carinata (Griscb.) Hack. 
- Leptochloa fusca subsp. unincrvia (J. Prcsl) N. Snow. 

Leptochloa chloridiformis (Hack, ex Stuck.) Parodi, Physls 

(Buenos Aires) 4: 184, f 5-6. 1918. Basionym: 
Diplachne chloridiformis Hack, ex Stuck. 

NOTE: typographical error as Letopchloa, 
DST.: Arge, Para, USA, Uriig. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

Al.SO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Burkart, A. 

(1969); Cabrera. A. L. (1970); Corrdl, D. S. & M C. 

Johnston (1970); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), Nicora, E. 

G. (1995); Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo 

de Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. 

Cialdella(1994). 
SYN.: Baldomiria chloridiformis (Hack, ex Stuck.) Herter; 

Diplachne chloridiformis Hack, ex Stuck. 

Leptochloa decipiens (R. Bn) Stapf ex Maiden, Agric. Gaz. 

New South Wales 20; 307, 1909. Basionym; Poa 
decipiens R. Br. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Blake, S. T. (1972); Lazarides, M. 

(1980). 
SYN.: Eragrostis decipiens (R. Br.) Steud.; Leptochloa 

decipiens (R. Br.) Drucc, Poa decipiens R. Br. 

Leptochloa decipiens (R. Br.) Drucc, Rep. Bot. Exch. Club 

1916: 632. 1917. Basion)'m: Poa decipiens R, Br. 

NOTE: iso. et horn. 

E. NAME: Leptochloa decipiens (R. Br.) Stapf ex Maiden. 

= Leptochloa decipiens (R. Br.) Stapf ex Maiden. 

Leplothloa decipiens subsp. pcacockii (Maiden & Betchc) 

N. Snow. Novon 8(1): 78. 1998. Baswnynr.Diplachne 
pcacockii Maiden & Betche. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I; introduced. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY. Snow. N. & B. K. Simon (1999); 

Snow, N. (1998). 
SYN.: Diplachne pcacockii Maiden &. UcXchc, Leptochloa 

pcacockii (Maiden & Betchc) Domin. 



1915- Basionym: Poa digilala R. Br. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Blake, S. T. (1972); Lazarides, M. 

(1980); Snow,N. & B. K. Simon (1999). 

SYN. : Eleusine digitata (R. Br.) Spreng. ; Leptochloa 

siibdigitata Trin. ex Steud.; Poa digitata R. Br. 

Leptochloa digitaiiformis'Qcc[\t, V\\y\.Q\og\?i52{\)\ 14. 1982. 

T-Protol.: Mexico: Sonora: Ejido km 47, matorrat 
subinerme, 19 Aug 1981, Bernal & Cuadra s.n., 
herbarium not indicated by the author. 
= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

Leptochloa divaricatissima S.T. Blake, Conlr. Queensland 

Herb. 14: 8, f 5. 1972. T-Protol.: Australia: 
Queensland: Darling Downs Distr.: Goondiwindi^ 
Blake 10517 [\\X\ BRI; IT: K, NSWJ. T-Specim.: 1 of 

1. Australia: Queensland: Goondiwindi, S.T. Blake 
10517 {\n: BRI-131665-6; IT; CANB, K, MO, NSW, 
PRE]. 

DST.; USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: I; introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Lazarides, M. (1980); Snow, N. & B. 

K.Simon (1999). 

Leptochloa domingensis (Jacq) Trin., Fund. Agrost. 133. 

1820. Basionym: Cynosurus dor7iingensis Jacq. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 

Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees, Syll. PI. Nov. I: 4. 1824. 

Basionym: Chloris dubia Kunth. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Cari, Chil, Colo, Ecua, Hond, Mexi, Peru, 

USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anderson, D. E. (1974); Anonymous 

(1986), Beetle, A. A. (1977); Brcedlove, D. E. 
(1986), Correll, D. S. ^ M. C .lohnston (1970); 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (edilores 
gencrales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Re>na (2000), Foster, R. C 
(1958); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Jorgenscn, P. 
M. & S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) (1999), Long, R. W. & 
O. Lakela (1971); McVaugh, R, (1983); Pohl. R. W. 
& G. Davidse (1994); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998), 
Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins (1964), Small, J. K. 
(1933); Snow, N. & B. K. Simon (1999); Tovar, 6. 
(1993);W^undcrlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN,: Chloris dubia Kunth; Diplachne dubia (Kunth) 

Scribn.; Diplachne dubia var. aristata Vasey; 
Diplachne dubia var. dubia', Diplachne dubia var. 
humboldtiana Kuntze; Diplachne dubia var. 
kurtziana Kuntze; Diplachne dubia var. pringleana 
Kuntze; Diplachne mcndocina (Phil.) Kurtz; 
Diplachne patens (J. PresI) E. Desv.; Diplachne 
pringlei Vasey ex Real; Disakisperma mexicana 
Steud.; Eragrostis mendozina (Phil.) Jcdwabn.; 
Festuca obtusiflora Willd. ex Spreng.; Ipnum 
mendocinum Phil.; Leptochloa digitatiformis Beetle; 
Leptochloa dubia subsp. dubia; Leptochloa dubia 
subsp. patens (J. Prcsl) Covas & Steibel; Leptochloa 
dubia var, humboldtiana (Kuntze) Bi:i:{\c; Leptochloa 



132 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



cJubia var. pringleana (Kiintze) Scribn. & Merr.; 
Lepiochloa obtusijlora Trin. ex Sicud.; Leptochloa 
patens (J. Presl) Kunlli; Lcptochloa pringlei Vasey ex 
Bcal, Leptostachys duhia (Kunth) G. Mcy/, Afolinia 
reiusa Griseb. ex E. Fourn.; Rabdociiha dubia 
(Kiiiuh) Kuntze ex Siuck.'.Schismus patens J. Presl; 
Siegl'mgia dubia (Kuntli) Kuntze ex ^iwcV.., Uralepis 
brevicuspidaia Buckley. 

Lepiochloa dubia Kuntze subsp. dubia. 
- Lcptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nces. 

Lcptochloa dubia var. huniboldfiana (Kuntze) Beetle, 

Pliytologia 54(1): 4. 1983. B:[s\onym:Diplachne dubia 
var. humboldtiana Kuntze. 
= lcptochloa tiubia (Kunth) Nces. 

Lepiochloa dubia swh^^i. patens (J. Presl) Covas & Steibel, 

Apuntes F!. Panipa 61: 243. 1981. Basionym: 



Schismus patens J. Presl. 
Lepfochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 



41 



Lepiochloa dubia yar.pringleana (Kuntze) Scribn. & Merr., 

Bull. Div. Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 24: 27. 1901. 
Basionym: Diplachnc dubia \^r. pringleana Kuntze. 
= Lcptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

Lepiochloa fascicularis (Liim,) A. Gray, Manna! 588. 1848. 

Basionym: Festuca fascicularis Lam. 
= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Lepiochloa fascicularis var. acuminata (Nash) Gleasorij 

PhytoJogia 4(1): 21. 1952, Basionym: Diplachne 
acuminata ^^ish. 
= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Leptochloa fascicular is {l.i\m.) A. Gr?[y w^r. fascicularis. 
= Leptociiloii fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.)N. Snow. 

Lepiochloa fascicularis var. maritima (E.P. Bickncll) 

Glcason, Pliytologia 4(1): 21. 1952. Basionym: 
Diplachnc maritima E.P. Bicknell. 

= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Lepiochloa filiformis (Pers.) P. Rcauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 71, 

163, 166. \8]2.U:isionym: Eleusineftliformis Pets. 
= Lcptochloa paikicea subsp. brachiata (Slcud.)N. Snow. 

Lepiochloa fdiformis fo, attenuata (Niilt.) F.C. Gates, Annot. 

List PI. Kansas 391: 130. 1940. Basionym: 0.vy-^ert/a 
attenuata Nutt. 
NOTE: basionym not explicitly cited, basionym author cited 

only as Stuedel; from Lcptochloa attenuata (Nutt.) 

Steudel. 
= Lcptochloa panicca subsp. mucronata (Michx.) 

Nowack. 

Lepiochloa filiformis var. attenuata (Nutt.) Stcycrm. & 

Kueera, Rhodora 63(745): 26. 1961. Basionym: 
Oxydenia attenuata Nutt. 
NOTE: also isonym. Grass. Missouri 138 (1961). 



= Lcptochloa panicea subsp. mucronata (Michx) 

Nowack. 

Leptochloa filiformis var. humilior J. Presl, Rcliq. llacnk. 1: 

288. 1830. 
= Lcptochloa panicea subsp. brachiata (Stcud.)N. Snow. 

Lepiochloa fdiformis var. pulchella (Scribn.) Beetle, 

Phytologia 49(1): 40. 19SI. l^^.'sionynw Leptochloa 
mucronata \ds. pulchella Scribn. 



= Lcptochloa panicea subsp brachiata (Steud.) N. Snow. 

Lepiochloa fdiformis var. remota Doll, FL Bras. 2(3): 93. 

1878. T-Protol.: "in Brasilia adhuc non obscrvata.": 
[up to present time not observed in Brazil], Gray Herb 
cards give as [var.]. 
= Status not yet determined. 

Leptochloa fJoribunda Doll, FL Bras. 2(3): 89, t. 26. 1878. T- 

ProtoL: Brasilia habitat ad ripas fluminis Amazonam 
inter Manaos et Santarcm, ^/)n/c^ s.tt. T-Spccim.: 1 of 
L Brazil: Amazonas: inter Manaus ct Santaren, R. 
Spruce 908 [HT: M; IT: BAA'1508 (fragm. ex M), 
GH, US-88700 (fragm. ex M)]. 
= Leptochloa panicoides(J. Presl) Ililchc. 

Lcptochloa fusca (L) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. I: 91. 1829. 

Basionym: Festuca fusca L. 

DST.: Arge, Beli, Boli, Braz, Cari, Chil, CoRi, Ecua, Ilond, 

Mexi, Nica, Para, Peru, USA, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Phillips, S. (1995). 

SYN.: Ceniotheca malabarica (L.) Merr.; Digitaria 

malabarica (L.) Roem. & Scliult.; Diplachnc fusca 
(L.) P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult; Diplachnc fusca 
(L.) P. Bcauv. ex Stapt, Diplachne fusca (L.) P. 
Bcauv. ex Stuck.; Diplachne malabarica (L.) Merr.; 
Diplachne repiatrix {L) Druce; Festuca fusca L.; 
Festuca reptairix L.; Hemlgymnia malabarica (L.) 
Hcnrard; Leptochloa malabarica (L.) Vcldkamp; 
Ottochloa malabarica (L.) Dandy; Panicum 
malabaricum (L.) Merr.; Poa malabarica L.; 
Uralcpis fusca (L.) Stcud. 

Lcptochloa fusca sub.sp, fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow, 

Novon 8(1): 78. 1998. D^xsionym. Festuca fascicularis 

Lam. 

DST.: Arge, Beli, Boli, Braz, Cana, Cari, Chil. CoRi, Ecua, 

Hond, Mexi, Nica, Para, Peru, USA, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Snow. N. (199S). 

SYN.: Cynodon fascicularis (Lam.) Raspail; Diachroa 

procumbens (Muhl.) Nutt,, Diplachnc acuminata 
Nash; Diplachne fascicularis (Lam.) P. Beauv.; 

Diplachnc maritima E.P. ^\Qkwc\\\ Diplachne patens 
E. Fourn., Diplachne patens E. Fourn. ex Hcmsl.; 
Diplachne procumbens (Mulil.) Nasli; Diplachne 
tracyi Vasey; Festuca aquatica Rose ex Roem. & 
Schult.; Festuca clandesiina Muhl.; Festuca 
clandestina Muhl.; Festuca fascicularis Lam.; 
Festuca polysiachya Michx.; Festuca procumbens 
Muhl.; Festuca procumbens Muhl.; Festuca 
prostrata Muhl. ex Scribn. & }Acxx.\ Festuca tcxana 
Steud.; Festuca thouini Steud.; Lepiochloa 



acuminata 



(Nash) 



Mohlcnbr.; Lepiochloa 



fascicularis (Lam.) A. Gray; Leptochloa fascicularis 
var. acuminata (Nash) Gleason; Leptochloa 
fascicularis \3i. fascicularis; Lepiochloa fascicularis 
var. maritima (E.P. Bicknell) Gleason; Leptochloa 
polysiachya (Michx.) Kunth; Leptochloa tracyi 
(Vasey) Beal; Tridens veralensis Cat. Guerra; 
Tridens virens Nees; Uralepis virens (Nces) Kunth; 
Uralepsis composiia Buckley. 

Ixptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth subsp. fusca. 
LVL ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Snow, N. & B. K. Simon (1999). 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



133 



Lcptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) N. Snow, 

Novon 8(1): 79. J998. Basionym: Megastachya 

uninervia J. Prcsl. 
DST.: ArgL% Beli, Boli, Braz, Cari, Chil, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, 

Hond, Mexi, Nica, Para, Peru, USA, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Snow, N. & B. K. Simon (1999); 

Snow, N. (1998). 

SYN.: Atropis carinata Cnsch. \ Brlzopyrum uninervium (J. 

Presl) E. Fourn.; Diplachne carinata (Griseb.) Hack.; 

Diplachne imhricata (Thurb.) Scribn.; Diplachne 

procwnbens Arcchav.; Diplachne tarapacana Phil.; 

Diplachne uninenia (J. Presl) Parodi; Diplachne 

iminer\ia fo. abbreviata Parody, Diplachne uninervia 

fo. uninervia] Diplachne uninervia var. procumbens 

(Arcchav.) Parodi; Diplachne uninervia . var. 

uninervia', Eragrostis uninervia (J. Presl) Slcud.; 

Leptochloa carinata Hack.; Leptochioa imbricata 

Thurb.; Leptochloa uninervia (J. Presl) Hitchc. & 

Chase; Leptochloa virlctii E. Fourn.; Leptochloa 

virletii E, Fourn. ex Hems!.; Megastachya uninervia 

J. Presl; Poa uninervia (J. Presl) Yim\i)\\PuccinclUa 

carinata (Griseb.) Poncrt; Rabdochloa imbricata 

(Thurb.) Kuntze; Triclens duartei Cat. Gucrra; 

Tridens verticillatus Meycn; Urakpis anderssonii F. 

Aresch . ; Uralepis verticillata (Nees & Meyen) 

Steud.; Uralepsis verticillata (Nees & Mcyen) Steud. 

Leptochloa gracilis Nets, SylL PI. Nov, 1:4. 1824. 
REPLACED NAME: Chloris gracilis Kunth. 
BLOCKING NAME: Chloris gracilis P. Durand. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 

Leptochloa halei (Nasli) Scribn. & Merr., Bull. Div. 

Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 24: 27. 190L Basionym: 
Diplachne haleiNash, 
= Leptochloa panicoiiJes(J. Prcsl) Hitchc. 

Leptochloa hirta Nees ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 209. 

1854. T-Protol.: [Ecuador]: Galapagos Islands: Ins. 
Albcrmarle, Gallipogorum. T-Specim.: 1 of i. 
Galapagos Islands: Isla Isabcia: (as Albcrmarle L), 
1853, NJJnderson [T: IT:US-91034 (fragm.)]. 

= Buutcloua disticha (Kunth) Benlh. 

Leptochloa hookeri (Andersson) Andersson, Freg. Eugenics 

Resa, Bot. 2: 51. 1861. Basionym: Trichoneura 
hookeri Andersson. 

NOTE: nom. illeg. 

CORRECT NAME: Calamagrostis pumila Hook. f. 

= Trichoneura lindlcyana var. iindkyana. 

Leptochloa humilis Nees, Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 210. 1854. T- 

Protol.: Mexico[T: Herb. Lindlcy]. 
- Status not yet determined. 

Leptochloa imbricata Thuih., Bot. California 2: 293. 1880. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of 2. USA: California: San Diego Co., 
Larkin's Station, S part of Co., 1875, £. Palmer 404 
[ST: NY-19497; 1ST: US-88701 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. 

USA: Arizona: Fort Yuma, Major Thomas sjl [ST]. 

= Lcptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 



Leptochloa langloisii W^iscy, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 12: 7. 

1885. T-Protol.: [USA]: Louisiana, /J. 5. Langlois s.n. 
T-Specim.: I of L USA: Louisiana, 1883, A. B. 
Langlois s.n. [HT: US-7881I, IT: NY-I9496 [1 Sep 
1884]]. 



= Leptochloa scabra Nees. 

Leptochloa liebmannii E. Fourn. ex Hcmsl., Biol. Cent.- 

Amcr., Bot. 3:565. 1885. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

CORRECT NAME: Leptochloa liebmannii E. Fourn. 

= Lcptochloa scabra Nees. 

Leptochloa liebmannii E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 147. 1886. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 2. Mexico: Antigua, Feb, F.M. Liebmann 
248 [ST: US-899151 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Absque loco, 
Liebm 244 [ST]. 
= Leptochl(»a scabra Nees. 

Leptochloa lindleyana Kunth, Enum. PI. I: 525. 1833. T- 

Protol.: [Ecuador]: Insula Albcrmarle, una ex 
Gallapogos [Galapagos]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. Ecuador: 
Galapagos Islands: Albemarc Island, A/acra^ s.n. [HT: 
B; IT: CGE, K]. 2 of 2. Galapagos Islands, 1825, 
J.Macrae [T: IT:US-91035 (fragm.)]. 
= Trichoneura lindleyana (Kunth) Ekman. 

Leptochloa longa Griseb., Fl. Brit. W. I. 538. 1864. T- 

Protol.: Trinidad, Crueger s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. 
Trinidad: without locdVdy, Crueger [BoL Card. Herb. 
3359] [HT: K; IT: US-899223]. 2 of 2. Trinidad and 
Tobago: Trinidad I, A.H.R.Grisebach 3359 [IT: US- 

822634J. 

DST.: Carl, Pana. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. 

Chater (editores generales) (1994), Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1936), Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse (1994). 
SYN.: Rhabdochloa longa (Griseb.) Kunlze. 

Leptochloa malabarlca (L.) Veldkamp, Blumea 19(1): 64. 

1971. Basionym: Poa malaharica L. 
NOTE: nom. rej., basionym rej. [ICRN art. 56.2]. 
= Lcptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Leptochloa mexicana Scribn., Froc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 1891: 302. I89L T-Protol.: Mexico: [San 
Luis Potosi]: about dry ledges, Taniasopo Carton, 28 
Sep 1890, Pringle 3252. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 

San Luis Potosf: limestone ledges, Tamasopo Canyon, 
28 Sep 1890, CC. Pringle 3252 [HT: NY; IT: MEXU, 
MO-2369804, MO-2369805, MO-3727962, NY, US- 
481015, US-78809.US-89931I]. 

NOTE: as Leptochloa "Mexicana". 

= Gouinia mexicana (Scribn.) Vasey. 

Leptochloa monticola Chase, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 17; 73, f. 

2. 1927. T-Protol. : Haiti: on summit of Pio de Brouet, 
in the vicinity of Purcy, 1300 m, 13 Jun 1920, £.C. 
Leonard 4751 [HT: US-1077272]. T-Specim.: I of 1. 
Haiti: Ouest: vicinity of Furcy, 13 Jun 1920, £.C 
Leonard 4751 [HT: US-1077272; IT: NY-19492, US- 

1298292]. 

DST.: Cari. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

Al-SO ACCPTD. BY: Catasus Gucrra, L. (1985); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1936). 

Leptochloa mucronata (Michx.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 91. 

1829, Basionym: Elcusme mucronata Michx. 
= Lcptochloa panicea subsp. mucronata (Michx.) 

Nowack. 
Leptochloa mucronata (Michx.) Kunth var. mucronata. 



134 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; II. 



= Lcptueliloa pfliiicea subsp, naicrimata (Michx.) 

Nowack. 

Leplochloa mucronaia var. midtiflora Cggcrs, Vidcnsk. 

VIcddcL Dansk Naturlust. Foren. Kjobenhavn 8: 151. 

1876. 

NOTH: nom. mid. 

= Lcptochloa panicca subsp. mucronata (Michx.) 

Nowack. 

Leptochloa mucronata \'dx. pulchcUa Scribn., Bull. Torrey 

Bol. CUib 9: 147. 1S<S2, T-Protol.: USA: Arizona: 
Santa Cruz Valley, near Tucson, ]u\y, Phngle s.n. T- 
Spccini.: I of 1. USA: Arizona: Santa Cruz VallL7, Jul 
IS81, C.G. Prifjgles.n. [HT. US-78810]. 
= Lcptufhloa panicca subsp. mucroiiatft (Michx.) 

Nowack. 

Leptochloa mutica Stcud., Syn. PI. GUimac. 1: 208. 1854. T- 

ProtoK: Surinam, Kappler Hrhr 1553, "£. virgata 
Hoclist.". T-Spccim.: I of 1. Surinam, Feb 1884-Apr 
1844, A. Kappler 1553 [HT: P; IT: US-3266093 
(fragm.)]. 
= Leptochloa virgafa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Leptochloa iiealleyi Vascy, Bull. Torrey But. Club 12: 7. 

1885. T-ProtoI,: USA: Texas, G.C Nealley s.n. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas, 1884, G.C Nealley sm. 
[HT: US-78808, IT: MCU, NY-79814]. 
DSr.:Can, Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Catasus Guerra, L. (1985); Catasus Guerra, 
L. (1997); Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 
Davidsc. G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chater (cditores 
gcneralcs) (1994); Cspcjo Sema, A., A. R. Lopcz- 
Fcrrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000), Godfrey, R. K. 
& J. W. Wooten (1979); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Liogicr, H. & L. Martorcll 
(1982); Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse (1994). 
S\TM,: Leptochloa sfricta E, Fourn.; Leptochloa airkta E. 

Fourn. ex Hemsl. 

Leplochloa obtusiflora Trin. ex Stcud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 

2:30. 1841. 

NOTE: noni. invaF, as syn. oX Leplochloa dubia (Kunlli) 

Nces. 
= Lcptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

leptochloa pahneri Vasey ex Scribn., Bull. Div. Agrostol., 

U.S.D.A. 4: 10. 1897. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Colima, 1 Dec 1890-31 Hec 1890, £. Palmer 1087 
[OM: US-899318]. 
NOTE: nom. inval, as synonym ofGouinia virgata (J. S. 

Presl) Scribner. 
= Coiiiiiia virj;;ata (J. Presl) Scribn. 

Leptochloa panicca (Retz.) Oliwi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 

55(655): 311. 1941. Basionym: Poapankea Rctz. 
DST.: Argc, Beli, Boli, Bra/, Cari, CoRi. Ecua, ElSa, Guat. 

I lond, Mexi, Nica, Pana, Peru, USA, Vcne. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bor, N. L. (1960); Fosbcrg, F. R. & 

M.-ll. Sachet (1982); Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. 

Welman, E. Reilief, K. L. Immelman, G, 

Germishuizcji, D. J. Pienaar, M. van Wyk, and A. 

Nicholas (PRECIS) (1987), Lazarides, M. (1980); 

Lindeman, J. C. & A. L. Sloflfers (1963). 
SYN.: Poa pauicea Relz. 



Lcptochh^a panicca subsp. brachiala (Stcud ) N. Snow, 

Novon 8(1): 79. 1998. Basionym: Leptochloa 
brachiata Steud. 

DST.: Arge, Bcli. Boli. Braz, Cari, Colo. CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, 

Guat, llond, Mcxi, Nica, Pana, Para. Peru, USA, 
Vcne. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Snow, N, & B. K. Simon (1999); 

Snow, N. (1998). 
SYN.: Aira panicea Willd. Ex Sleud.; E\cw^\\\c filiformls 

Pers.; Eleusine sparsa Mv\\\\:,Eleu:iine stricta Willd. 

ex Stcud.; Festuca fiUformis Lam.: Leptochloa 

brachiata Stcud.; Lcptochloa fdiformis (Pers.) P. 

Beauv.; Leptochloa filiformis war. humilior J. Presl; 

Leptochloa filiformis \av. pi^lchella (Scribn.) Beetle; 

Leptochloa paniculata E. Fourn.; Leptochloa 

pellucidula Steud . ; Leptochloa pilosa Scribn . ; 

Leptostachys filiformis (Lam.) G. Mey.; Oxydenia 

filiformis Null ex B.D. Jacks. 

Lcptochloa panicea subsp. mucronaia Nowack, Rliccdea 

4(2): 88. 1994. 

NOTE: nom. inval., without Latin description, and 

basionym not cited. 
= Leptochloa panicea subsp. mucronata (Michx.) 

Nowack. 



Lcptochloa panicea subsp. mucronata (Michx.) Nowack, 

Rheedea 5(1): 93. 1995. Basionym: Eleusine 
mucronata Michx. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Snow, N. (1998). 

SYN.: Eleusine elongata Willd. ex Stcud.; Eleusine 

mucronata Michx.; Leptochloa attcnuata (Nutt.) 
Steud.; Leptochloa filiformis fo. attcnuata (Nutt.) 
F.C. Gates; Leptochloa filiformis var. attcnuata 
(Nutt.) Stcyerm. & Kuicra; Leptochloa mucronata 
(Michx.) Kunth; Leptochloa mucronata var. 
mucronata\ Leptochloa mucronata var. muhiftora 
Eggcrs; Lcptochloa mucronata \ds.pulchella Scribn.; 
Leptochloa panicea subsp. mucronata Nowack; 
Rahdochloa mucronata (Michx.) P. Beauv. 

Leptochloa panicea (Retz.) Ohwi subsp. panicca. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Snow, N. & B. K. Simon (1999). 

Leptochloa panicoides (J. Presl) Ilitchc, Aiiicr. J. Bot. 

21(3): 137. 1934, M'asxonym: Megastachya panicoides 
J. Presl. 

DST.: Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Guat, llond, Mexi, Peru, 

USA, 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bccllc, A. A. (1977); Correll, D. S. 

& M. C. Johnston (1970); Cowan, C. P. (1983); 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores 
generales) (1994), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gleason, 11. A. 
& A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, IL A. & A. 
Cronquist (1991); Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten 
(1979); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1951); Liogier, H. & L. Martorcll (1982); 
McClure, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983), Molina 
R., A. (1975); Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse (1991); 
Tovar, 6. (1993); Wunderlin, R. P. (1998) 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



135 



SYN.: Diplachne haki Nasli; Diplachne panicoides (J. 

PresI) McNeill, Eragrostis panicoides (J. Prcsl) 
Slcud.; Lepiochloa floribwida Do\\\ Leptochloa halei 
(Nash) Scribn. & Mcrr.; Megastachya panicoides J. 
PresI; Poa panicoides (J. Prcsl) Ktinlh. 

Leptochloa panicidata E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 27: 

296. 1880. T-Protol.: Nicaragua; absque loco, A/. P. 
Levy 1079 [HI: P]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Nicaragua: 
Granada: absque loco, Fall \&69, MP. Levy 1079 [IT; 

US-9l036(fragm.)]. 
= Leptochloa panicea subsp. brachiata (Stcud.) N. Snow. 

Leptochloa patens (J. Prcsl) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 271. 1833. 

Basionym: Schisnius patens J. Prcsl. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as in 1835 cd.) 

XXII. 
= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

Leptochloa peacockii (Maiden & Betche) Domin, Biblioth. 

Bot. 85: 379. 1915. Basionym: Diplachne peacockii 
Maiden & Betche. 
= Leptochloa decipiens subsp. peacockii (Maiden & 

Betclic) N. Snow. 

Leptochloa pellucidula Steud,. Syn. PI. Glumac, I: 209. 

1854. T-Protol.: Panama, Z)wc/?a/5j//ig 5 «. [HT: P]. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of I. Panama, Duchassaing s.n. [HT: P], 
= Leptochloa panicea subsp. brachiata (Stcud.) N. Snow. 



Lepiochloa perenuis Hack., Informe Anna! Estac. Centr. 

Agron. Cuba 1: 411. 1906. T-Protol.: Cuba: Prov. 
Santa Clara prope La Magdalena, Cayamas, C.F. 
Baker 4617. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Cuba: Las Villas 
[Santa Clara], no date. C.R Baker 4617 [HT: W; IT: 
US-88698 (fragm.)]. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Bcauv. 

Leptochloa pilosa Scribn., Circ. Div. Agrostol. U.S.D.A. 32: 

9. 1901. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: Travis Co.: in sandy 
soil, Dappan, Sep \m\J.E. Bodin 294. T-Specim.: 1 
of 1. USA: Texas: Travis Co.: Dappan, in sandy soil, 
Sep 1891, J.£. Bodin 294 [HT: US'78807]. 
= Leptochloa panicea subsp. brachiata (Steud.) N. Snnw. 

Leptochloa plectostachya K. Schum., Pfianzenw. Ost-Afrikas 

112, 1895. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. Tanzania, Volkens 477 

[HT: B]. 
= Cynodon plcctostachyus (K. Schum) Pilg. 

Leptochloa polygama (E. Fourn.) Bcaf Grass. N. Amer. 2: 

437. 1896. Basionym: Gouinia polygama E. Fourn. 
= Gouinia virj^ata (T Prcsl) Scribn. 

Leptochloa polystachya (Michx.) Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. 1: 

91. 1829. Basionym: Festuca polystachya Mxchx. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. fascicularis (Lam.) N. Snow. 

Leptochloa pringleiV 'dscy ex Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 436. 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Doll, J. C. (1878); Nicora, E. G. 

(1995); Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 
Agrasar, O. Morronc, J. Pcnsiero & A. M. Cialdella 
(1994). 

Leptochloa procera var. major Brongn., Voy. Monde 

Phan(8):48. 1831. 
= Status not yet determined. 

Leptochloa procera var, minor Brongn., Voy. Monde 

Phan(8): 48. 1831. T-Protol.: Peru: environs dc Lima. 
= Status not yet determined. 

Leptochloa rigida Munro ex Vasey, Grass. U.S. 35. 1883. 
NOTE: nonr inval. as syn. of Diplachne rigida Vasey. 
= Eragrostis sessilispica Buckley. 

Leptochloa rigida Munro ex Vasey, U.S.D.A. Div. Bot. Bull. 

12(2): t. 44. 1891. 
= Eragrostis sessilispica Buckley. 

Leptochloa scabra Nccs, Fl. Bras. Enum. PL 2: 435. 1829. 

T-Prutol.: Brasilia: Provinciae Paraensis: in ripa 
fluniinum Amazonum, Tagipuric ct Tocantins,M(://^/n/5 
sji. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: Parii, K.F.P. von 
Martins s.n. [HT: M; IT; BAA-1514 (fragm. ex M), 
US-88699 (fragm. ex M)]. 
NOTE: alternate title Agrost Bras. 435. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, 

FrGu, Guat, Guya, Hond, Mexi, Nica, Pana, Para, 
Peru, Suri, USA, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Bcrcndsohn, 

W. G. & A. E. Araniva dc Gonzalez (1991); Brako, 

L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); Brecdlove, D. E. (1986); 

Cowan, C. P. (1983); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 

O. Chatcr (editores generalcs) (1994); Doll, J. C. 

(1878); Hspejo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), 

Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) (1999); 

Judziewicz, E. J. (1990); Killeen, T. J. (1990); 

Liogier. H. & L. Martorell (1982); Macbride. J. F. 

(1936); McClure, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); 

Molina R., A. (1975); Pohl, R. W. & G. Davidse 

(1994); PohK R. W. (1980); Renncr, S. S., H. Balslev 

& L. B. Holm-Nielsen (1990); Renvoize, S. A. 

(1998), Snow, N. & M. G. Lelong (1991). 
SYN.: Diplachne scabra (Nees) Nicora; Leptochloa 

langloisii Vasey; Leptochloa licbmannii E. Fourn.; 

Leptochloa licbmannii E. Fourn. ex Hemsl. 

Leptochloa spicata (Nees) Scribn., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 1891: 304. 1891. Basionym: Bromus 

spicatus Nees. 
NOTE: basionym not cited directly. 
= Tripogon spicatus (Nees) Ekman. 



1896. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona, lSZ4,Pringle s.n^ T- Leptochloa striata E. Fourn. ex Hemsl., Biol. Cent.-Amer., 
Spccini.: 1 of 1. USA: Arizona: Pima Co.: Sierra 



Tuscon, 27 Apr 1884, C.G. Pringlc 13 [IT: US- 

78806], 5. 
= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees, 

Leptochloa procera Nees, Syll. PI. Nov. 1: 2. 1824. T- 

Protol.: Brasilia. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Brazil, M.A.P. 
Wied-NeuM'ied 244 [HT: B; IT: US-3266091 (fragm.)]. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Cari, Para, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



Bot. 3:566. 1885. 
NO'fE: nom. nud. 
E. NAME: Leptochloa stricta Trin. ex Stcud. 

= Leptochloa neallcyi Vasey. 

Leptochloa stricta E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 147. 1886. T- 

ProtoL: Mexico: Veracruz, Gouin 73 [HT:P]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Veracruz, 1 867, Goui/i 73 [T: 
IT: US-91037 (fragm.)]. 
= Leptochloa neallcyi Vasey. 



136 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



Lcptochloa sitbdigitata Trin. ex Sleud., Nomencl. Bot. (ed. 2) 

2(2): 30, 1841. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrti 

CORRECT NAME; Leptochioa digitata (R. Dr.) Domin. 
= Leptochioa digitata (R. Br.) Domin, 

Leptochioa tracyi (Vasey) Bcal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 436. 

1896. Basionym: Diplachne tracyi V^s^y. 
= Lcptocliloa fusca subsp. fascicidaris (Lam.)N. Snow. 

Leptochioa uninervia (J. Picsl) Hitchc. & Chase, Conlr, U.S. 

Natl. Herb 18(7): 383. 1917. ^d^xonym: Me gastachy a 
uninervia i. Presl 
= Leplocliloa fusca subsp. uniuervia (J. Prcsl) N. Snow. 

Leptochioa villosa Ekman, Ark. Bot. 10(17): 31, I. 3, f. 3, t. 

6, f. 16. 1911. T-Protol.: Brazil: Matto Grosso: 
Corumba, 11 Apr 1903, G.O [Mulmc 30''5 [Exp. II 
RegnJ [HT: S]. T-Spcciin.: 1 of 1, Brazil: Mato 
Grosso: Corumba, 11 Apr 1903, CO. Malme 3075 
[HT: S; IT: US-78805 (fragm.)], Explor. II regn. 
= Leptochioa virj^ata (L.) P. Beauv. 

Leptochioa vir^ata (L.) P. Bcauv.. Ess. Agrostogr. 71, 161, 

166, 1. 15, f. 1. 1812. Basionym: Cynosurus virgatus L. 

DST.: Arge, Bcli, Boli, Braz, Carl, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, 

FrGu, Guat, Guya, I lend, Mexi, Nica, Pana, Para, 
Peru, Suri, USA, Urug, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: E 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Adams, C. D. (1972), Allem, A. C. 

& J. F. M. Vails (1987); Anonymous (1986); Balick, 
M. J., M. II Nee & D. E. Alha (2000); Beetle, A. A. 
(1977); Bcrendsohn, W. G, & A. E. Araniva de 
Gonzalez (1991); Brako, E. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 
Brecdiove, D. E. (1986), Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, 
A. L. (1970); Calasus Gucrra, L. (1997), Correll, D. 

S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); Cowan, C, P. (1983); 
Davldsc, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chatcr (edilores 
gcncralcs) (1994); Doll, J. C. (1878); Cspcjo Serna, 
A., A. R. L6pcz-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), 
Foster, R. C. (1958); Gould, F W (1979); Hitchcock, 
A. S, (1909); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. 
S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Jorgensen, P. M. 
& S. Ee6n-Ydnez (eds.) (1999); Judziewicz, E. J. 
(1990), Killeen, T. J. (1990); Lawesson, J. E., U. 
Adsersen & P. Bcntley (1987); Lazarides, M. (1980); 
Lindeinan, J. C. & A. L. Sloffers (1963); Liogicr, H. 
& L. MartorcH (1982); Long. R. \V. & O. Lakcia 
(1971); Macbridc. J. F. (1936); McClure, F. A. 
(1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. (1975); 
Pohl, R. W, & G. Davldsc (1994); Pohl, R. W. 
(1980), Porter, D. M. (1983); Rceder, J. R. & C. G. 
Rceder (1971); Rcancr, S. S., H. Balslcv & L. B. 
Ilulm-Nielscn (1990); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1984); 
Rcnvoize, S. A. (1988); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998), 
Reyes-Garcfa, A. & M. Sousa S. (1997); Small, J. K. 
(1933); Smith, E B., D. C. Wasshausen & R. M. 
Klein (1981); Sousa S., M. & E. F. Cabrera C. 
(1983); Tovar, 6. (1993); Wiggins, E E. & D. M. 
Porter (1971); Wunderlin, R. P. (1998); Zuloaga, F. 
O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo dc Agrasar, 0. 
Morrone, J. Pensicro & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 
SYN.: Chloris digitaria Kunth; Chloris gracilis Kunth; 

Chloris poiformis Kunth; Cynodon domingense 
(Jacq.) Raspail; Cynodon virgafus (L.) Raspail; 
Cynosurus domingensis Jacq.; Cynosurus virgatus L.; 
Diplachne domingensis (Jacq.) Chapin.; Eleuslne 



digitata Willd. ex Steud.; Eleusine domingensis 
(Jacq) Pcrs.; Eleusine gracilis (Kunth) Spreng.; 
Eleusine unioloidcs Willd. ex Steud.; Eleusine 
virgata (L,) Pers.; Festuca domingensis (Jacq.) Lam.; 
Festuca virgata (L.) Lmn.; Lcptochloa barbata Dcsv. 
ex Killccn; Leptochioa digitaria (Kunth) Nccs; 
Leptochioa domingensis (Jacq.) Trin,; Leptochioa 
gracilis Nees; Leptochioa mutica Stcud.\ Leptochioa 
perennis Hack.; Lcptochloa villosa Ekman; 
Leptochioa virgata var. aristata E. Fourn.; 
Leptochioa virgata var. domingensis (.Tacq.) Link ex 
Griseb., Leptochioa virgata vrt. gracilis (Nccs) Link; 
Leptochioa virgata van intermedia E. Fourn.; 
Leptochioa virgata var. mutica (Steud.) Doll; 
Leptostachys domingensis (Jacq.) G. Mey.; 
Leptustuchys virgata (L.) G. Mcy. :Oxydenia virgata 
Nutt, ex B.D. Jacks.; Rabdochloa domingensis 
(Jacq.) P. Beauv, 

Leptochioa virgata \3r. aristata E. Fnurn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 146. 

1886. T-Spccim.: 1 of 7. [Mexico]: Tampico [ST: ST: 
herb. Uzac], 2 of 7. [Mexico]: Colipa, A^^nv. 996 d 
pari. [ST]. 3 of 7. [Mexico]: Colipa ad Jicaltcpcc, 
Karw, 996 b [ST]. 4 of 7. [Mexico]: Jicaltepec, Apr, 
Liebm. 252 [ST]. 5 of 7. [Mexico]: Huitamalco, Jun, 
Liebm. 245 [ST]. 6 of 7, [Mexico]: San Luis de Potosi, 
Virl 1450 [ST], 7 of 7. Jamaica, Galapagos, Peru, 
Dombey s.n. [ST]. 
- Lcptochloa virgata (L.) P. Bcauv, 

Leptochioa virgata \Sir. domingensis (Jacq.) Link ex Griseb., 

Fl. Brit. W. I. 538. 1864. Basionym: Cynosurus 
domingensis }acq. 
= Lcptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 

Leptochioa virgata vm, gracilis (Nees) Link. F!. Brit. W. I. 

538. 1864. Basionym: Leptochioa gracilis Nccs. 
= Leptochioa virgata (L ) P. Beauv. 

Leptochioa virgata var. intermedia E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 

146. 1886. T-ProtoL: [Mexico]. T-Specim.: ] of 3. 
Mexico, Jul 1841, F.M Liebmann s.n. [ST: US- 
3266092 (fragm,)]. 2 of 3. Mexico: Paso de Dona 
Juana, Liebmann 243 [ST]. 3 of 3. Mexico: Colipa, 
Liebmann 251 [ST]. 

NOTE: cites "Cynosurus domingensis Sw. Obs. 40". 

REPLACED NAME: Leptochioa virgata var. intermedia E. 

Fourn. 

= Lcptochloa virgata (I.) P. Bcauv. 

Leptochioa virgata var. mutica (Steud ) Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 

91. 1878. Basionym; Leptochioa mutica Steud. 
^ Leptocliloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 

Leptochioa virgata fo. nana Lindni., Kongl. Svenska 

Vetenskapsakad. Handl. 14(6): 33. 1900. T-Protol.: 
Rues dc VAssompiion, Balansa 121. T-Specim.: 1 of 1, 
Paraguay: Rues de TAssomption, Balansa 121 [HT: 
?(fragm., MVFA)]. 
= Leptochioa virgata var. virgata. 

Lcptochloa virgata var.pubcrula Hack., Reperl. Spec. Nov. 

Rcgni Veg. 6(21-26): 345. 1909. T-ProtoL: Paraguay: 
Gran Chaco, in sylvis ad flumen Pilcomayo, tlor mens 
Maj., T. Rojas 94 [HT: G]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Paraguay: Gran Chaco, in sylvis ad flumen Pilcomayo, 
May, T. Rojas 94 [IIT: G; IT: BAA-1516, US-88708 
(fragm.)]. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



137 



DST.: Arge, Boli, Para, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 



Leptochloris crinita (lag ) Munro ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI 

2: 771. 1891. Basionym: Chloris crinita Lag. 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Burkart, A. (1969); Nicora, E. G. =Trichloris crinita (Lag.) Parodi. 



(1995); Zuloaga, F, O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de 
Agrasar, O. Morrone, J, Pcnsiero & A. M. Cialdella 

(1994). 
SYN.: Leptochha virgata var. puberula Hack. 

Leptochloa virgata var. puberula Hack., Trab. Mus. 

Farmacol. 21: 34. 1909. T-Protol.: Muntcs en las 

Orillas del no, May, T. Rojas 94. 
NOTE: noni. nud. 
= Leptacliloa virgata var. puberula Hack. 

Leptochloa virpata (L.) P. Bcauv. var. virgata. 
DST.: Arge, Bcli, Boli, Braz, Cari, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, 

FrGu, Guat, Guya, Hond, Mcxi, Nica, Pana, Para, 

Peru, Suri, USA, Urug, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Nicora, E. G. (1995). 
SYN.: Leptochloa virgata fo. nana Lindm. 



Leptochloris greggii Munro ex Merr., U.S.D.A. Div. Bot, 

Circ.32:7. 1901. 
NOTE: noni, inval., as syn. of Chloropsis mendocina (R.A. 

Phil.) Kunlze. 
= Trichloris crinita (Lag.) Parodi. 

Leptostachys G. Mcy., Prim. Fl. Esseq. 73. 1818. TYPE: 

Leptostachys virgata (L.) G. Mey. 
NOTE: noni. illeg. supcrfl. 
= Leptochloa P. Bcauv. 

Leptostachys domingensis (Jacq.) G. Mey., Prim. FL Esseq. 

74. 1818. Basionym: Cynosiirus domingensis ]^c(\. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Bcauv. 

Leptostachys ditbia (Kunlli) G. Mey., Prim. FF Esseq. 74. 

1818. Basionym: Chloris dubia Kuiith, 
= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 



Leptochloa virletii E. Fourn. ex Hems!., Biol. Cent,-Amer., Leptostachys fdiformis (Lam.) G. Mey., Prim. Fl. Esseq, 74, 

1818. Basionym: Festuca ftUformisLi\m. 
= Leptochloa panicca subsp. brachiata (Steud.) N. Snow. 

Leptostachys virgata (L.) G. Mcy., Prim. Fl. Esseq, 74. 1818 

Basionym: Cynosurus virgatus L. 
NOTE: basionym erroneously attributed to Willd. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 



Bot. 3: 566. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 

CORRECT NAME: Leptochloa virletii E. Fourn. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl)N. Snow. 

Leptochloa virletii E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 147. 1886. T- 

ProtoL: Mexico: San Luis de Potosi, Virlet 1404 
[HT:P]. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. Mexico: San Luis Polosi, 
\^S\,M.D'aoust Virlet 1404 [IT: US-91039 (fragm.)]. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J. PresI) N. Snow. 

Leptochloa viscida (Scribn.) Bcal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 434. 

1896. Basionym: Diplachne viscida Scribii. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. Leptothrium rigidum Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 156. 1829. T- 



Leptothrium Kunth, Revis, Gramin. 1: 156. 1829 

TYPE: Leptothrium rigidum Kunth, 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Zoysiinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1 . 
SYN.: Latipes Kmnh, 



(1977), Espcjo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopcz-Fcrrari, and J. 
Valdcs-Rcyna (2000), Gould, F. W. & R. Moran 
(1981); Hickman, J. C (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Munz, P, A. (1968); Shrcve, F. & 1. L. 
Wiggins (1964). 
SYN.: Diplachne viscida Scribn. 

Leptochloa subg, Diplachne (P. Bcauv.) A. Gray, Manual 

588. 1848. Basionym: Diplachne P. Bcauv. 

Leptochloa P. Bcauv. subg. Leptochloa, NONE LISTED. 

Leptochloopsis H.O. Yates, SouthW. Naturalist 11(3): 382. 

1966. TYPE: Leptochloopsis virgata (Poir.) H.O. 
Yates. 
= Uniola L. 

Leptochloopsis condensata (Hitchc.) H.O. Yates, SouthW. 

Naturalist 11(3): 389. 1966. Basionym: Umola 
coudcnsata Hitchc. 
- Uniola condensata Hitchc. 

Leptochloopsis virgata (Poir.) H.O. Yates, SouthW. 

Naturalist 11(3): 384. 1966. Basionym: Poa virgata 

Poir. 
= Uniola virgata (Poir.) Griseb. 

Leptochloris Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 77L 1891. 
NOTE: insyu. sub Trichloris crinita. 
= T]ichIoris E. Fourn. ex Bcnth. 



Protol.: America calidor. T-Specim.: 1 of i. South 
America: habitat Orinoco [IT: US (fragm. ex B- 
WILLD.); US (fragm. ex P-HBK)]. 

NOTE: based on unpublished Zoysia rigida Willd. 

DST.: Cari, Colo, Guya, Pern, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Adams, C D. (1972); Hitchcock, A. 

S. (1936); Rahiiondo, F. M. (2001); Tovar, 6. 

(1993). 



Lepturidium 



111. 1936. TYPE: Lepturidium insulare Hitchc. & 

Ekman. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Cynodonteae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: L 

Lepturidium insulare Hitchc. & Ekman, Man. Grasses W. 

Ind. in, f 71. 1936. T-ProtoL: Cuba: Isla de Pinos: 
Santa Barbara, collected in white sand, saline flats, 3 
Nov. 1920, £.L Ekman 12060 [HT: US-I296125]. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 2. Cuba: Isla de Pinos. 11 Mar 1920, 
E.L Ekman 12060 [T: US-1161850]. 2 of 2. Cuba: La 
Habana; Isla de Pinos, 3 Nov 1920,£.i. Ekman 12060 
[HT:US-1296125]. 

DST.: Cari. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Catasus Guerra, L. (1997); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1936). 



138 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Lepturifiae subtrib. Bcnth., J. Linn. Soc, Bol. 19; 31. 1881. 
NOTE: as "Lepturcae". 

Leptunis paniculatus'Huii.^ Gen. N. Amer PI. 1: 81. 1818. T- 

Protol.: [USA]; Norlh Dakota: on dty saline plains, 
near Fori Mandan, on the Missouri. 
= Schcdonnardus paniculiitus (Null.) Trel. 

Lepyro.xisTi. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 92. 1886. 
NOTE: nom. invaL, pro syn. sub Polypogon canadensis. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia Schrcb. 

Lepyroxis canadensis P. Beauv. ex B.D. Jacks., Index Kcw. 

1:244 1906. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Agrostis mexicana L. 
= IMuhlonbcrgia mexicana (L.) Trin. 

Lesoitrdia E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Bot^ Prance 27: 102. 1880. 
= Scleropof;on Phil. 

Lesourdia karwinskyana E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 27: 

102, t. 4, f. 12. 1880. T-Specim.: 1 oil.Karwmski 992 
[LT], LT designated by ?. 2 of 2. : Parry et Palmer 
925 [ST]. 
= Scloropogon brcvifoliusPhil. 

Lesourdia multijlora E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 27: 

102, t. 3-4. 1880. T-Protol.: Mexico: Tampico[HT: 
herb. Uzac]. 
= Sclcropogon brevifoliusPhil. 

Limnctis Rich, iti Persoon, Syn. PI. 1; 72. 1805. 
NOTE: nom. superll. pro Spartina. 
= Spartina Schreb. 

Limnetis cynosuroldes (L.) Rich., Syn. PI. 1: 72. 1805. 

Basionym: Dactylis cynosuroides L. 
= Spartina cynosuroides (L.) Roth. 

Limnetis glabra Uuil.^GQn. N. Amcr. PL 1:38. 1818. 
NOTE; nom. nud. 

= Spartina alterniflora Loisei. 

Llnine lis glabra (Muhl ex Elliott) Eaton & J. Wright, Man. 

Bot. (ed. 8) 301. 1840, Basionym: .S/;*^/-//™ glabra 

Muhl. ex Elliott. 
= Spartina altcrninoru Loiscl. 

Limnctis polystachia (M:ch\.) Rich., Syn. PI. 1: 72. 1805. 

Basionym: Trachynotia polystachya Michx. 
= Spartina cynos!rrordcs(L,) Roth. 

Lycurinae stibtrib. Pilg., Nat. Pflanzenfam. (cd. 2) 14d; 167, 

50. 1956. 



Granadillas, Feb 1872,/^. G. Lorentz s.n., [Hb. Kurtz 



Lycurus Kumh, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 141. 1815 [1816]. 

TYPE: Lycurus phleoidcs Kunlh; LT designated by 
Hitchcock, U.S.D.A. Bull. 772: 139 (1920). 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Muhlenbergiinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 3. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Reeder, C. G.. (1985); Peterson, P. M. & 

O. Monone, (1997); Sanchez, E. & Z. E. Rugolo de 
Agrasar, (1986). 
SYN.: Plcopogon^uiX. 

Lycurus alopccurus Griseb., Abb. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. 

GoLtingen 19: 207. 1874. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
Cataniarca: in alpiiiis convallis Granadillas pr. Bclen, 
Lorentz s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of L Argentina; Prov. 
Catamarca: cerca de Bcl<5n, en el allivallc de las 



BAA 



herb. Griseb)]. 



montanis rcgni 



= Lycurus setosus (Nutt.) C\ Recdcr. 

Lycurus phalaroides Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 142. 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Crescit in 
Mechoacnnensis juxta Valladolid, Alberca de Palangeo 
et Patzcuaro, alt. 950-1060 hexap., floret Septcmbri, 
Humboldt t£ Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.; 1 of I. Mexico: 
Michoacan: near Valladolid, Alberca de Palangeo and 
Patzcuaro, Sept, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. fllT: P; 
IT; B-W-1630, BM, BAA-1530, US-91988 (fragm. ex 
P-Bonpl.), US-610837 (fragm. ex LE-TRIN)]. 
DST.; Arge, Boll, Colo, Ecua, Guat, Mexi, Peru, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brake, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 

Brccdiovc, D. E. (1986); Davidse, G. (1994); 
Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chatcr (editores 
gcnerales) (1994); Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. ValdeS'Rcyna (2000), Foster, R. C. 
(1958); Jorgenscn, P. M. & S. Le6n-Yanez (cds.) 
(1999), McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000); 
Reeder, C. G. (1985); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); 
Sanchez, E. & Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar (1986); 
Tovar, 6. (1993); Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora. Z. E. 
Rugolo dc Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. Pcnsiero & A. M, 
Cialdcna(1994). 
SYN.; Lycurus phleoidcs var. brevifolius Scribn. ex Beal; 

Muhlcnbcrgia lycuroides Vascy ex Beal. 

Lycurus phleoidcs Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 142, t. 45. 1815 

[1816], T-Protol.: Crescit in temperatis Mcxici, inter 
Guanaxuato et Temascatio et in radicibiis aridissimi 
montis La Buffa, alt. 1030 hexap., floret Septembri, 
Humboldt <^ Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: 
inter Guanaxuato et Temascatio et in radicibus 
aridissimi montis La Bufla, alt. 1030 l^xap.. Sept, 
Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [I IT; P; IT: BAA (fragm.), 
US'6 1 0840 (fragm. ex P-Bonpl.), US-6 1 084 1 
(fragm.)]. 
DSL: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Correll, D. S, & 

M. C. Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. 11. 

Hohiigren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); 

Espejo Serna, A., A. R, Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 

Reyna (2000); Foster, R. C. (1958); Gould, F. W. & 

R. Moran (1981); Great Plains Flora Association 

(1986); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927), Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1951); Macbride, J. F. (1936); McVaugh, R. (1983); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000), Recdcr, C. G. (1985); 

Renvoize, S. A. (1998), Sanchez, E. & Z. E. Rugolo 

de Agrasar (1986). 
SYN.: Lycurus phleoidcs \2iX. phleoidcs. 

Lycurus phleoidcs war. brevifolius Scribn. ex Beal, Grass. N. 

Amer. 2: 271. 1896. T-Spccim.: I of 3. Mexico: 
Jalisco: plains of Guadalajara, 23 Oct 1889, C.G. 
Pringle 2470 [LT: MSC; ILT: BAA, GH, MEXU, 
MO-2972926, NY, P, US-996049], LT designated (as 
holotype) by C. Reeder, Phytologia 57(4); 288 (19S5). 
2 of 3. Mexico, Bottcri 6S0 [ST; US]. 3 of 3. Mexico, 
Palvter 489 [ST: USJ. 
^ Lycurus phalaroides Kunth. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



139 



Lycurus pliieoides \siv. glaucifolius Deal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 

271. 1896. T-Specini.; 1 of 3. Mexico: Chihuahua: 
rocky hills near Chihuahua, 28 May 1885, C.G. 
Pringle 426 [LT; MSC, ILT; MO-370I765, NY, P, SI, 
US-996079], LT designated (as type) by Hitchcock, 
Contr. U.S. Natl. Ikib. 17(3): 305 (1913). without 
explicitly citing a specific sheet in a specific 
herbarium; fully lectotypified by Reeder, Phytologia 
57(4): 287 (1985), who cited the MSC specimen as 
"holotype". 2 of 3. USA: J^xviS^Havard s.n. [ST]. 3 of 
3. USA: Texas, Nealleysji. [ST]. 
- Lycurus sctosus (Nutt.) C. Reeder. 

Lycurus phleoidcs Kunth wtu.phleoides. 
= Lycurus phlcoides Kunth. 

Lycurus schaffneri (E. Fourn.) Mez, Reperl. Spec. Nov. 

Regni Veg. 17: 212. 192L Bd^ionym: Muhlenbergia 
schaffneri E. Fourn. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia dcpauperata Scribn. 

Lycurus setosus (NuU.) C. Reedc:, Phytologia 57: 287. 

1985. Basion>iTi: Plcopogon setosum 'Null. 
DST.: Argc. Boli, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Peterson, P. M. 
(2000); Reeder, C. G. (1985); Sanchez, E. & Z. E. 
Rugolo de Agrasar (1986); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. 
Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar. 0. Morrone, J. 
Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 

SYN.: Lycurus alopecurus Griseb.; Lycurus phleoides var. 

glaucifolius Beal; Plcopogon setosum Nutt. 

Macroblcpharus Phil., Linnaea 29(1): 100. 1858. TYPE: 

Mucroblepliarus contractus Phil. 
= Eragrostis Wolf 

Macrostachya \.K\c\\.,i:m\. Fl. Abyss. 2: 408. 1851. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Enteropogon Nees. 

Matrella Pers., Syn. PI. I: 73. 1805. iy?V.: MatreUa juncea 

Pers. 

= Zoysia Willd. 

Matrella juncea Pers., Syn. PI. 1: 73. 1805. 
REPLACED NAME: Agrostis matrella L. 
= Zoysia matrella (I-.) Mcrr. 

Megastachya aculiflora (Kunth) Rocm. & Schult., Sysl. Veg. 

2: 588. 1817. Basionym: Poa acutijlora Kunth. 
= Eragrostis acutiflora (Kunth) Nccs. 

Megastachya amabdis (L.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 74, 

167, 173. 1812. Basionym: PoaamabilisL. 
= Eragrostis amabilis (L.) Wight & Arn. ex Nccs. 

Megastachya amoeua E. Fourn. ex llemsl., Biol. Cent.- 

Anicr., Bot. 3: 572. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Eragrostis amoena J. Prcsl. 
= Eragrostis maypurcnsis (Kunth) Steud. 

Megastachya aturensis {Kunih) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 

2: 587. 1817. Basion>m: Poa aturensis Kunth. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Megastachya berteroniana Schult., Manl. 2: 330. 1824. T- 

Protol.: W.I.: Santo Domingo: In Domingo,/). Bertero 
s,n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. W'.I.: Dominican Republic: 



Santo Domingo, A Bertero [IT. IT: US-79730 
(fragm.)]. 

= Eragrostis berteroniana (Schult.) Steud. 

Megastachya brasiliensisSchuh. ex B.D. Jacks., Index Kew.. 
NOTE: error in IK?, said to be published b) Schult., Mant. 

2: 620 (1824), but no such name hi llie Mantissa. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Megastachya brevijlora E. Fourn., Mexic. PI, 2: 119. 1886. 

T-Proto!.: Mexico: Veracruz, Gouin 84 (pro parte) 
[HT: P]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Veracruz, Gom/'m 
84 (pro parte) [HT: P, IT: US-2821450 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis hypnnides (Lam) Firitton, Sterns & Poggenb. 

Megastachya condensata J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 284. 

1830. T-Protol.: Hub. in Mexico [error for Ecuador], 
Haenke s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. EQUAdor, Haenke s.n. 
[IIT:PR;IT:US-78689, W^]. 
= Eragrostis condensata (J. Prcsl) Steud. 

Megastachya corymhifera E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 119. 1 886. 

T-Protol.: Mexico: Laguna de S. \<^ico\:\s, Berlandier 
1949. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Laguna de S. 

Nicolas, J.L Berlaudier 1949 [IT: IT: US-2821452 
(fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 



Megastachya cuspidata Schult., Mant. 2: 329. 1824. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa cuspidata Roth. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa cuspidata Nutt. 
= Eragrostis rufesccns var. rufcsccns. 

Megastachya eragrostis {L,} P. Beauv. ex Roem. & Schult., 

Syst. Veg. 2: 575, in obs.; 584. 1817. B(\s\onym:Briza 
eragrostis L. 
= Eragrostis ciliancnsis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Megastachya fasciculata E. Fourn.. Mexic. PI. 2: 120. 1886. 

T-ProtoL: Mexico: Matamuros, Be//. 2325 [T:US]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: Matamoros, J.i. Berlandier 
2325 [T: IT: US-2821451 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis ruptans (Michx.) Nees. 

Megastachya ghnierata {V^^'dMcr) Schult., Mant. 2: 327. 1824. 

Basionym: Poa glomcrata Walter. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Megastachya gouinii E. Fourn. ex Ilcms!., Biol. Cent.-Amer., 

Bot. 3:576. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 

Megastachya gouinii E. Fourn., Mexic. Pi. 2: 119. 1886. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: circa Veracruz, Gouin 85 [T:US]. T- 
Specim.; I of 1. Mexico: circa Veracruz, 1 865, Gow/^ 
85 [IT: IT: US-2850741 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 

Megastachya hypnoides (Lam.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 

74, 167, 175. 1812. Basionym: Poa hypnoides Lam. 
= Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 

Megastachya leersioides C. PresI, Cyper. Gramin. Sicul. 44. 

1820. T-Protol. : Sicily: Mab. in arcnosis maritimis 

Panormi. 
= Eragrostis eragrostis subvar. leersioides (C. Pres!) Farw. 

Megastachya maypurcnsis (Kunth) Roem. &. Schult., Syst. 

Veg. 2: 588. 1817. Basionjm: Poa jnaypurcusis 

Kunth. 



140 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



= Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunlh) Sleiid. 

Megastachya montufaru (Kmith) Roenv & Schult., Syst. 

Veg. 2: 586. 1817. Basionym: Poa montufanY.v\{\W\. 
= Eragrostis pastoensis (Kunth) Trin. 

Megastachya nigricans (KuiUli) Rocm. & Scluilt., SysL Veg. 

2; 586. 1817. Basionym: Poa nigricans Kunth. 

= Eragrostis nigricans (Kunlh) Sleud. 

Mcgasfachya obtusa (Niitt.) Schuil., Mant. 2: 326. 1824. 

Basionym; Poa ohtusa^uW. 
NOTE: nom illcg. supcrti; should be based on Poa 

penfisylvanica Nutt. 

CORRIICT NAME: Poa pcnmyhanica Null. 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All ) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Megastachya ohuedoi (Kunth) Rocm. & Scluilt., Syst. Veg. 

2: 586. 1817. Basionym: Poa olmedoi Kunth. 
= Eragrostis pastoensis (Kunlh) Trin, 

Megastachya oxylepis E. Fourn. ex Hemsl, Bioh Cent.- 

Amcr.,Bot. 3:574. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. inval.; as comb, in syn. based onPoa oxylepis 

Torrcy; as syn. of Eragrostis oxylepis (Torrey) 
Torrcy. 
= Eragrostis secundiflora subsp. oxylepis (Torr.) S.D. 

Koch. 

Megastachya ox)'!cpis (Torr ) E. Fount., Mexic. PI 2: 118. 

1886. Basionym: Poa oxylepisTorr, 
= Eragrostis secundinora subsp. oxylepis (Torr.) S.D. 

Koch. 

Megastachya oxylepis war. capitata E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 

1 18. 1886. T-Protol.: Mexico: Veracruz. T-Specim.: 1 
of 2. Mexico: Veracruz, 22 Jul 1865,Gt;w//i 87 [ST: P; 
1ST: US-2850754 (fragm.)]. 2 of 2. Mexico: Veracruz, 
Galeotti 5705 [^11 
= Eragrostis secundinora J Presl. 



Megastachya purpurasccns (Muhl.) Schult., Mant. 2: 326. 

1824. Basionym: Briza purpurascens}sA\.\\\\, 
= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Megastachya reptans (Michx.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 74, 

167, 175. 1812, Basionym: Poa reptans }^\c\\\. 
= Eragrostis reptans (Michx.) Nees. 

Megastachya simpliciflora J. PrcsI, Reliq. Ilacnk. 1(4-5): 

283. 1830. T-Protol.: Hab. in Mexico, //aenfe s.ti, T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, T. Ilacnke s.n. [I IT; P; IT: 
US-80149 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis simpliciflora (J. Presl) Stcud. 

Megastachya spectahilis (Pursh) Rocm. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 

2: 589. 1817. Basionym: Poa spectahilis Vursh. 
= Eragrostis spectahilis (Pursh) Stcud. 

Megastachya swainsonii Raddi, Agrostogr. Bras. 52. 1823. 

T-Protol.: Brasilia: Species rarissima ex itiiiere 
Pernambucano ad Urbem Rio Janeiro, D. Swainson 
s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Bra/il: Pernambucano: ad 
Urbem Rio Janeiro, D. Snainson [fJT: PI; IT: US- 
2850752 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunth) Stcud, 

Megastachya tenax (Kunlh) Roem. & Schull., Syst. Veg. 2: 

587. 1817. Basionym: Poa tenax ¥.un\h. 
= Eragrostis condcnsata (J. Presl) Stcud, 

Megastachya thalassica (Kunlh) Rocm. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 

2: 590. 1817. Basionym: Poa thalassica Kunth. 
= Dislifhiis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Megastachya uninervia J. Presl, Reliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 283. 

1830. T-Protol. : Hab. in Mexico, llaenke s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, llaenke s.n. [LT: PR; ILT: 
LE-TR1N-2424.0I, US-78697 (fragm.), W], ET 
designated by Snow, Novon 8: 79 (1998). 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 



Megastachya panamensis E. Fourn. ex HemsL, Biol. Cent.- Melica anomala Scribn. ex Bcal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 311. 



Amer,Bot. 3:574. 1885. 

NOTE: nom. invaL, as syn. of Eragrostis maypurensis 

Sleud. 

= Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunth) Steud. 



1896. 
NOTE; nom. inval., as syn. of Epicampes anomala Scribner 

ex Beal. 

= Muhlenbergia longiligula Hitchc. 



Megastachya panamensis (J, Presl) E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: Melica curtipendula Michx. ex Stcud., Nomencl. Bot. (cd. 2) 



1 ItS. 1886. Basionym: Eragrostis panamensis }. Presl. 

= Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunth) Stcud. 

Megastachya panicoides }. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 283. 

1830. T-Protol.: Habitat in Mexico ad Acapuico, 
vcro^imiliter in \uios\^^ Haenke s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of I. 
Mexico: Guerrero: Acapuico, T llaenke s.n. [HT: PR; 
IT: LE-TRIN-21 2 LU2, MO-2 109566, MO-2 109567 
(line drawing), US-78688 (fragm.)]. 
= Leptochloa panicoides(J. Presl) Ililchc. 

Megastachya pastoensis (Kutilh) Rocm. & Schult,, Syst. Veg. 

2: 587. 1817. Basionjm: Poa pastoensis Kwn\h, 
= Eragrostis pastoensis (Kunth) Trin. 

Megastachya patula (Kunlh) Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 

585. 1817. Basionym: Poa patula Kunlh. 
= Eragrostis patula (Kunlh) Sleud. 

Megastachya prostraia (Kunlh) Rocm. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 

2: 590. 1817. Basionym: Poa prost?'a{aY^\m\\\. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thornc. 



1:91,519. 1821. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Alhcropogon apUidioides 

MuhL 

= Bouteloua curtipendula var. cnrtipendula, 

Melica x curtisetosa (Scribn.) R.W. Pohl. Amer. Midi. 

Naturalist 82: 528. 1969. Basionym; Muhlenbergia 
schreberi subsp, curtisetosa Scribn. 
= Muhlenbergia x curtisetosa (Scribn.) Bush (pro sp.). 

MeUca mexicana Eink ex E. Fourn., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. 

Bclgique 15:471. 1876. 
NOTE: iiom. inval., as syn. of Buchloe dactyloides (Null.) 

Engelm. 
= Bouteloua dactyloides (Null.) Columbus. 

Afelica multinervosa Vasey, Bot. Gaz. 16(8): 235. 1891. T- 

Protol.: USA: Texas; collected at Brazos Santiago, 
1891, aC Nealley s,n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
Texas: Brazos Santiago, G.C Nealley s.n. [HT: ?; IT: 
US-81963]. 
= Vaseyochloa multinervosa (Vascy) Hitchc. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



141 



Merisachne Stcud., Syn. PI. Glumac. I: 117. 1854 ("1855"). 

TYPE: Merisachne drummondii Stcud. 
= Triplasis P. Beauv. 

Merisachne dnunmondii Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 117. 

1854. T-Protol.: Texas, Drummond herb. 330. 
= Triplasis purpurea (Walter) Chapni. 

Micrairoidcac subfam. Pilg., Nat. Pflanzenfam. (ed. 2) 14d: 

167, 1. 1956. TYPE: Micraira F. Muell. 



MicrOChloa R. Br, Pmdr. 208. 1810. TYPE: 

Microchloa setacea (Roxb.) R. Br.; nom. illeg. superfl. 
Microcliloa indica (L. f ) P. Beauv. 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NHT: Cynodontcac. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 2 SUBSP.: 2. 

CNSLTD. LIT.: Launert, E., (1966). 

SYN.: Micropogon Pfeiff; Rendlia Chiov. 

Microchloa abyssinica l\ochsU¥\OTa24{\n{d\): 19. 1841. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

= Microchloa knnthii Desv. 

Microchloa abyssinica Ilochst. ex A. Rich., Tent, Fl. Abyss. 

2: 404. 1851. T-Specini.: 1 of 2. Ethiopia: in montibus 
et collibus ad rupes nudas prope Adoani, 28 Sep 1837, 
Schimpen pi. Schimp Abyss., sect 1. 321 [ST: ? BM, P. 
1ST: K, US-878303]. 2 of 2. Abyssinia: In montosis 
provincie Chire, Quartin Dillon s.n. [ST]. 
= Microchloa kunthii Desv. 

Microchloa elongaia R. Br., Numer. List 3807. 1831. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

= Microchloa kunthii Desv. 

Microchloa indica (L. f) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 13, t. 

20, f. 8. 1812. Basionym: Nardus indica L. f. 
DST.; Arge, Boll, Braz, Chil, Para, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allcm, A. C. & J. F. M. Vails 

(1987); Bor, N. L. (1960); Brako, L. & J, L. Zarucchi 

(1993); Filguciras, T. S. (1991); Filgucirns,. T. S. 

(1999); Judziewicz, E. J, (1990); Killeen, T. J. 

(1990); Launcrt, E. (1966); Lazarides, M (1972); 

Phillips, S. (1995); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1984); 

Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); Roscngurtt, B., B. R. 

Arrillaga de Maffei & P. Izaguirrc de Artucio (1970); 

Smith, L. B., D. C. Wasshauscn & R. M. Klein 

(1981); Zuloaga, F, O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo dc 

Agrasar, O. Morronc, J. Pensiero & A, M Cialdella 

(1994). 
SYN.: Microchloa indica (L. f) Hack.; M/crocA/oa indica 

(L. f.) Kuntze; Microchloa indica var. gracilis 
Rendle; Microchloa setacea (Roxb.) R. Bx.\Nardus 
indica L. f., Rottboellia setacea Roxb, 

Microchloa indica (L. f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 3(2): 356, 

1898. Basionym: Nardus indica L. f. 

NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Microchloa indica (L. f.) P. Beauv. 
CORRECT NAME: Microchloa indica (L. f.) P. Beauv. 
= Microchloa indica (L. f.) P. Beauv. 

Microchloa indica (L. f.) Hack., Repert. Spec. Nov. Rcgni 



= Microchloa indica (L. f) P. Beauv. 

Microchloa indica \z.t. gracilis Rendle, Cat. Afr. PI. 2(1): 

219. 1899. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Angola: Pungo 
Andongo, Feb 1857, Welwitsch 281 1 [HT: BM]. 
= Microchloa indica (L. f.) P. Beauv. 

Microchloa indica P. Beauv. var indica, -. 
DST.: Boli, Braz, Chil, Para, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

Microchloa indica \zx. kunthii (Desv.) B.S. Sun & Z.ll. Hu, 

Fl. Reipubl. Popularis Sin. 10(1): 88, t. 27: 6-7. 1990. 
Basionjm: Microchloa kunthii Desv. 
= Microchloa kunthii Desv. 

Microchloa indica var. tenuis Mack & Stuck., Anales Mus. 

Nac. Hist Nat. Buenos Aires 21: 113. 191 1. T-ProtoL: 
Argentina: Prov. Tucuman: Caflada Alegre: Dep. 
Burruyacu, Stuckert 21,59S. 
DST.: Arge. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. 

Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. 

Cialdella (1994). 

Microchloa kunthii Desv., Mem. Soc. Agric. Angers 1: 179. 

1831. T-ProtoL: Habitat in America aequinoxialia. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Hidalgo: Omitlan et Llano de 
las Tinaxas, Humboldt & Bonplands.n. [HT: F]. 
NOTE: also in Opusc. Sci. Phys. Nat. 75 [reprint] 1831- 

1833. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Braz, Chil, Ecua, Gual, Hond, Mexi, 

Nica, Para, Peru, USA, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Bor, N. L. 

(1960); Breedlove. D. E. (1986), Davidse, G. (1994); 

Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chatcr (cditores 

generales) (1994), Espcjo Scrna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Filgueiras, T. S. 

(1991); Gibbs Russell, G. E, W. G. Welman, E. 

Reitief, K. L. Immelman, G. Germishuizen, B. J. 

Picnaar, M. van \V)k, and A. Nicholas (PRECIS) 

(1987); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1951); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez 
(eds.) (1999); Launerl. E. (1966); McClure, F. A. 
(1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. (1975); 
Phillips, S. (1995); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1988); 
Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiggins 
(1964);Tovar, 6. (1993). 
SYN.: Microchloa abyssinica Hochst.; Microchloa 

abyssinica Ilochst. ex A. K\c\\:, Microchloa elongata 
R. Br.; Microchloa indica var. kunthii (Desv.) B.S. 
Sun & Z.ll. IIu; Paspalum tcnuissifinmi M.E. Jones. 

Microchloa setacea (Roxb.) R, Br., Prodr. 208. 1810. 

Basionym: Rottboellia setacea Roxb. 

NO PE: nom. illeg. superfl. 

CORRECT NAME: Microchloa indica (L. f.) P. Beauv. 

= Microchloa Indica (L. f) P. Beauv. 

Micropogon Pfeiff., Nomcncl. Bot. 2:310. 1847. 
NOTE: nom. superfl. pro Microchloa, 
= Microchloa R Br. 



Veg. 7(152-156): 373. 1909. B'dsiony nr.Nardus indica Milium dactylon (L.) Moench, Melhodus 67. 1802 



L. f. 

NOTE: horn, illeg. 
CORRECT N AMI 



Basionym: Panicum dactylon I 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 



142 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



Milium rmcrospermum lag., Gen. Sp. PI. 2. 1816. T-Protol.: 

I labitat in Nova I lispania. Semina communicavit 
peril!. D. Sesse. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico,/). Sesse 
[HT: MA, IT; US-910I9 (fragm.)]. 
= MiihltTiheryia minutissima (Stciid.) Swallen. 

Molmia rctitsa Griseb. ex E. Fourii., Mcxic. PI. 2: 147. 1 886. 
NOTE: noni. inval., as syn. of Leptochloa duhia (Kunth) 

Nees. 
= Leptochloa dubia (Kiinlh) Nees. 



MonanthochloC nngclm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. 

Louis 1: 436. 1859. J\V£\ MomwthocMoe liftoralis 
Engclm. 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NHT: Mujianthochloinac. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.; 2. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Villamil, C. B., (1969). 
SYN.: Halochloa Griseb.; SolenophyUum BailL 

Aloiuuithochloe acerosa (Griseb.) Speg., Anales Mus. Nac. 

Buenos Aires 7: 194. 1 879. Basionym: Halochloa 
acerosa Griseb. 
DST.: Arge. 
LVL.ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Villamil, C. B. (1969), Zuloaga, F. 

O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. 
Morronc, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdclla (1994). 
SYN.: Halochloa acerosa Griseb. 

Monaniliochloe australis Speg., Analcs Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. 

Buenos Aires 7: 196. 1902. T-Protol.: [Argentina]: 
Hab. in aridis subsalsis inter San Julia et Rio Dcseado, 



Monanthochloinac subtrib Piig. ex Potztai, 

Wiltdenovvia 5(3): 472. 1969. ^WM: Monanthochloe 
Engelm. 

TRTD. BY: Sorcng, R. J., G. Davidsc, T. S. Fiiguciras, E. J. 

Jiidziewicz, P. M. Peterson, and F. O. Zuloaga. 

NHT: Cynodontcae. 

Monathera Raf., Amer. Monthly Mag. & Crit. Rev. 4: 190. 

1819. 

NOTE: nom. superfl. pro Monocera Elliott. 
= Ctenium Panz. 

Monerma gangitis (L.) Roeni. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 800. 

1817. Basionym: Nardus gangitis L. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Moncrmeae trib. C.E. Hubb., Brit. Flow. PI. 332. 1948. 
NOTE: nom. inval., without Latin description. 

Monerrrtinae subtrib. Janch., Phyton (Horn) 5: 60. 1953. 
NOTE: nom nud. 

Monocera Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 176. 1816. 

TYPE: Monocera aromatica (Walter) Elliott. 
= Ctenium Panz. 

Monocera aromatica (Waller) Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 

1: 176. 1816. Basionym: Aegilops aromatica Walter. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Monochacte Doll, Fl. Bras. 2(3): 78. 1875. TYPE: 

Mofiochaete fastigiafa (Nees) Doll. 
= Gymnopogon P. Beauv. 



1899, C. Ameghino s.n. T-Specini.; 1 of 1. Argentina: Monochacte fastigiata (Nees) Doll, Fl. Bras, 2(3): 79. 1878. 



Santa Cruz: enlre San Julian y Rio Deseado, 1899, 
Ameghino sji. [1IT:C0RD]. 
= Distichlis australis (Spcg.) Villamil. 

MonanthochloC littoralis Engelm., Trans. Acad. Sci. St. 

Louis 1:437, pi. 13-14. 1859. T-Specim.: 1 of 6. USA: 
Texas (Matamoras Region), no date, 7.i. Berlandier 
3227 LST: MU-1837526, MO-1837527; 1ST: US- 
899643]. 2 of 6. USA: Texas: Galveston Island, 
covering large tracts of moist, sandy, saline soil, May 
1843, Undheimer 6i [LT: MO-1 837530; ILT: MO- 
1837531, MO-1837528], LT designated by Davidse & 
Pohl, Fl. Mesoamer. 6: 258 (1994). 3 of 6. USA: 

Texas: Galveston Island. \M2, Lindheimcr s.n. [ST: 
MO-1837529J, 4 of 6. USA: Texas: Galveston Island, 
Sep \U\J.mdhcimcrs.n. [ST: MO-1837532]. 5 of 6. 
USA: Texas, Dnmwumd s.n. [ST: BM]. 6 of 6. USA: 
Florida: Kev West, Blodgett s.n. [ST]. 

DST.; Cari, Mexi, USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Brccdiove, D. E. (1986); Catasus Guerra, L. 



Basionym: Gymnopogon fastigiatus Nees. 
= Gymnopogon fastigiatus Nees. 

Muehlenbergia annua (Vasey) Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 29(4) 204. 1947. Xii\<\imyn\\Sporobolus aunuus 

Vasey. 

NOTE:orlh, var. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia annua (Vasey) Swallen. 

= Muhlcnbcrgia annua (Vasej) Swallen. 

Muehlenbergia lanata (Kunth) llitchc, N. Anier. Fl. 17: 459. 

1935. Basionjm: Agrostis lanata Kunth. 
NOTE; orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: A/uhlcnhergia lanata (Kunth) Hitchc. 
= Muhlenbergia pubeseens (Kunth) Hitchc. 

Muehlenbergia macroura (Kunth) Hitchc, N. Amer. Fl. 17: 

468. 1935. Basionym: Crypsis macroura Kunlh. 

NOTE: orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia macroura (Kunth) 

Hitchc. 
= Muhlenbergia macroura (Kunth) Hitchc. 



(1997); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); Muehlenbergia pubescens {Y.v\\\l\\) \\\{c\\c.,\^. Am^i. V\. 17: 



Davidse, G. & R, W. Pohl (1994); Davidse, G., M. 
Suusa S. & A. O. Chater (editores generales) (1994); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000), Godfrey, R. K. 8l J. W. Wootcn 
(1979); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (198!), Hickman, 
J. C (1993), Hitchcock, A. S. (1936), Hitchcock, A. 
S. (1951); Long, R. W, & O. Lakela (1971); Munz, P. 
A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Mun/, P. A. (1974); ref 
missing (1994); Shreve, F. & I. L. Wiguins (1964); 
Small, J. K. (1933); Villamil, C. B. (1969); 
Wundcrlin, R. P. (1998). 



460. 1935. \^d.s\ov\ym: Agrostis pubescensK\\n[\\. 
NOTE: orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Ahihlenbergia pubescens (Kunth) 

Hitchc 
= Muhlenbergia pubescens (Kunlh) Hitchc. 

Muehlenbergia ramulosa (Kunth) Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl. 



Herb. 29(4) 205. 
Kuntli. 
NOTE: orth. var. 



1947. Basionym: Vilfa ramulosa 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



143 



CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia ramulosa (Kunth) Muhlenbergia adspersa Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- 



Svvallen. 
= Muhlenbergia ramulosa (Kutilh) Swallcn. 

Muehknbergia robusia (E. Fourn.) llitchc, N. Amer. Fl. 17: 

462. 1935. Basion}*in; Epicampes robusta E. Fourn. 

NOTE: orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia robusta (E. Fourn.) 

Hitchc. 
= Muhlenbergia robusta (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Muehlcnbergia torreyana (Schult.) Hitchc, Amer. J. Dot. 21: 

136. 1934. W-cXs'xoxxym: Agrost'ts torreyana S>d\\AL 

NOTE: orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia torreyana (Schull.) 

Hitchc. 
= Mulilenbergia torreyana (Schult.) Hitchc. 

Muehknbergia utiUs (Torr.) Hitchc, J, Wash. Acad. Sci. 23: 

453. 1933. Basion)in: Vilfa utilisTon, 
NOTE: orth. var. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia utilis (Torr.) Hitchc. 
= Muhlenbergia utilis (Torr.) Hitchc 



Muhlenbergia Schrcb., Gen. pi. 44. 1789. TYPE: 

Muhlenbergia schrebcri JT. Gmcl.; LT designated by 
Nash in Britton & Brown, 111. Fl. N. U.S. (ed. 2) 1: 184 

(1913). 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Muhlenbergiinae. NO. ACCPTD SPP.: 147, SUBSP.: 

6. 

CNSLTD. LIT.: liilchcock, A. S., (1935), Suderstrom, T. 

R., (1967); Peterson, P. M. 8l C. R. Annabic, (1991); 

Herrera-Arrieta. Y., (1998); Peterson, P. M., (2000); 

Peterson, P. M. and Y. Herrera-Arrieta, (2001). 
SYN.: Acroxis Stcud.; Anthipsimus Raf.; Calycodon Nutt.; 

Ctomena P. Bcauv.; Crypsinna E. Fourn,; 

Daciylogramma V\x\V\Dilepyrwn Mklw:, Epicampes 

J. Presl; Lepyroxis E. Fourn.; Podosacmum Kunth; 

Podosemum Desv.; Sericrostis Raf; Tosagris P. 

Beauv.; Trichochloa DC; Trichochloa P. Beauv.; 

Vaseya Thurb. 

Muhlenbergia abata I.M. Johnst., J. Arnold Arbor. 24(4): 

387-388. 1943. T-Protol.: USA: New Mexico: valley 
of the Rio Grande 10-lOOmi above El Paso, H>/^/// 
1982 [HT: GH]. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. USA: New 
Mexico: valley of the Rio Grande. 1851-1852, C. 
Wright 1983 [HT: GH; IT: US-556896]. 
-Muhlenbergia repens(J. Presl) Hitchc 

Muhlenbergia acuminata Vascy, Box. Gaz. 11(12): 337-338. 

1886. T-Proto!.: USA: New Mexico, C. Wright 1993. 
T-Specim.: I of 1. USA: New Mexico, 1851-1852,C 
Wright 1993 [IT: US-81605, US-995177]. 
= Muhlenbergia dnbia E. Fourn. 

Muhlenbergia acutifolia E. Fourn. ex Hemsl., Biol. Cent.- 

Amer.,Bot. 3: 538. 1885. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

= Muhlenbergia spiciformis Trin. 

Muhlenbergia acutifolia E. Fourn., Mexic PI. 2: 86. 1886. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: Orizaba, Nov, Bourg. 3327. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Veracruz: Orizaba, 8 Nov 
1866, M Bourgeau 3327 [HT: P; IT: MO-2974301, 
US-87235 (fragm.), US-2561240]. 
= Muhlenbergia spiciformis Trin. 



Pctcrsbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Matli., Scconde Pt. Sci. Nat. 
6,4(3-4): 291. 1841, T-Protol.: Cult. "Cynosurus 
tencllus ht. Madrit. (in herb. Mertcnsii), Lima?". T- 
Spccim.: 1 of I. Lima? [HT: LE; IT: LE-TRIN- 
1486.01 (fragm. ex LE hb. Mcrtcnsii), US-87236 

(fragm. ex LE hb. Mcrtens)], "Cynosurus tencllus ex 

Hh. Madr. in herb. Mcrtcnsii". 
NOTE: preprint p. 45 (1841, later). 
= Muhlenbergia ciliata (Kunth) Trin, 

Mnhlenbergia affinis Trin.. Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- 

Petcrsbourg, Scr, 6, Sci. Math., Secondc Pi. Sci, Nat. 
6,4(3-4): 301. 1841. T-Prulol.: Mexico: Toluca, 
Berlandier 1083. T-Specim.: I of 1. Mexico: Mexico: 
Toluca, J.L Berlandier 1083 [IT: LE-TRIN-1485.01 
(fragm.), US-87237 (fragm.)]. 
= Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia aguascalientcnsis Y. Herrera & De la Ccrda- 

Lemus, Novon 5(3): 278, f 1. 1995. T-Protol.: Mxico: 
Aguascalientes: Mun. de San Jose de Gracia: NW of 
Aguascalientes, 12 km NW from La Congoja. Playa 
Mariquiotas, Monte Grande de la Sierra Fria, 2850 m, 
22.25.7^ 102J7.25"W, 8 Nov 1986,G. Garcia 2801 
[HT:HUAA; IT:CI1DIR, ENCB. lEB]. T-Specim.: 1 of 
!. Mexico: Aguascalientes: San Jusc de Gracia Mun.: 
Playa Mariquitas, Monte Grande dc Sierra Fria: 2850 
mt, 8 Nov 1986, G.Garcia 2801 [HT: HUAA; IT: 
CIIDIR, ENCB, lEB, US-3335737J. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), Herrera-Arrieta, 
Y. & M. de la Cerda-Lcmus (1995), Herrera-Arrieta, 
Y. (1998); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia alaniosae Vasey, Bot. Gaz. 16(5): 146. 1891. 



T-Protol.: Mexico: collected at Alamosa in Sonora in 
\^90, Palmer 407 [111: US-81604]. T-Spccim.: I of 1. 
Mexico: Sonora: Sierra de Almos, 25 Mar-8 Apr 1890, 
£. Palmer 407 [HT: US-81604, IT: lJS-822802]. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Vaides-Rc) na (2000); 

Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); McVaugh, R. 

(1983), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia alta Hitchc, N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 461. 1935. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: hills east of Zaplolan, Jalisco, alt., 
1500 m, 25 Sep 1910,^.5. Hitchcock 71S0 [HT: US- 
998980], T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Jalisco: hills east 
of Zapotlan, 25 Sep 1910,/1.5. Hitchcock 7180 [HT: 

US-998980]. 
= Muhlenbergia gigantea (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia ambigua Torr., Rep. Miss. Rv. 164. 1843. T- 

Prolol.: USA: Stony banks of Okaman lake, Sioux 
country, 20 Sep, C Geyer s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: Okaman Lake, Sioux Country, 20 Sep 1838, 

CA, Geyer s.n. [IT: US-952523]. 
= Muhlenbergia mexicana var. filiformis (Torr.) Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia ambigua Torr. var. ambigua. 
= Muhlenbergia mexicana var. filiformis (Torr.) Scribn. 



144 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



Muhlenhergia aniblgua vdv. filifor/ius (Torr.) Farw., Rep. 

1 Acad. Sci. 20: 168. 1919. Basionym: 



Michigi 



Agrosiis lateriflora w'di.filiforniisTorT. 
NOTE: basionyin erroneously attributed to Muhl, 
= Muhlcnbcr^ia mcxicana var. tlliformis (Torr.) Scribn. 



Muhlcnbcrgia andina (Nutt.) Hitchc, U.S.D A. Bull. (1915- 

23)772: 145. 1920, Bixs\onym:Ca!amagrostis amlina 
Nutt. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Correll, D. S. & 

M. C. Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. H. 
Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); 
Hickman, J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 
Hitchcock, C. L. A. Cronquist, M. Ounbey & J. W. 
Thompson (1969); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck 
(1959); Munz, P. A. (1974), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Calamagrostis andina ^v\{\..\ Muhlcnbergia comata 

(Thurb.) Thurb. ex Bcnth.; Vaseya comata Thurb. 



1. Mexico, no date, FM Liebmann 687 [IT: lJS-87238 
(fragm.)]. 

NOTE: as Muhlcnbcrgia *'anomalis". 

= Muhlcnbcrgia quadridenfata (Kujith) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia appressa CO. Goodd., J. Wasli. Acad. Sci. 

31: 504. 1941. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona: Pinal or Gila 
Co.: Devils Canyon, 28 Mar 1926, Harrison & 
Kearney 14933 [HT: US-1296986]. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. 
USA: Arizona: Pinal or Gila Co.: Devil's Canyon, 28 

Mar 1926, Harrison & Kearney 1493 [HT: US- 
1296986], 

DST.:Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: \. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Gould, r W. & R. Moran (1981), Hickman, J. C 
(1993); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Peterson, P. M. & 
C R. Annablc (1991); Peterson, P. M. (2000); 
Shreve, F. & L L. Wiggins (1964). 



Muhlenbergia angustata (J, Prcsl) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 202. Muhlenbergia arachnoidea Inn. ex Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 207 



1833. Basionym: Podoscmum angustatum J. Presl. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as in 1835 ed.) 

XVI. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Colo, Ecua, Peru. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brako, L. & J. L Zarucchi (1993); 

Foster, R. C (1958); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 

Jorgcnsen, P. M. & C Ulloa U. (1994); Jorgcnscn, P. 

M. & S. Le6n-Ydnez (eds.) (1999); Macbride, J. F. 

(1936); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Rcnvoize, S. A. 

(1998); Tovar, 6. (1993); Zuloaga, F. O., E. C 

Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. 

Pensiero & A M. Cialdella (1994). 
SYN.: Cinna phleoides (Kunth) Kunth; Cihna striata 

(Kunlh) Y.ym{\\\Crypsmna striata (Kunth) E. Fourn.; 

Crypsis phleoides Kunth, Crypsis striata Kiinth; 

Epiaampes coerulea Griseb.; Epicampes coerulea 

var. submutica Hack, ex Stuck.; Epicampes 

kunihiana Griseb.; Epiaampes phleoides (Kunth) 

Griseb.; Muhlenbergia coerulea (Griseb.) Mez; 

Podosemum angustatum J. Prcsl. 

Muhlenbergia angustifoUa Swallen, N. Amcr. Fl. 17(6): 457. 

1935. T-Protol.: Mexico: collected on rocky hills near 

Guadalajara, II Nov IS89, Pringte 2346 [HT: US- 
822822]. T-Specim.: I of 1. Mexico: Jalisco: rocky 
hills, near Guadalajara, 11 Nov 1 8S9, CG. Pringle 
2346 [HT: US-822882; IT: LE, MO-18378I5, US- 
995828, US-3274342 (fragm.)]. 
= Muhlenbergia distichophylla (J. Prcsl) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia annua (Vasey) Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 29(4): 204. 1947. {^i\s\Q\\y\w\Sporobolus anmms 

Vasey. 

DST.: Me\i. 

LVU ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A A. (1977); Espejo Scrna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Peterson, P. M. & C R. Amiable (1991); Peterson, P, 

M. (2000). 
SYN.: Muehlenbcrgia annua (Vasey) S\\'d\\cw\Sporobolus 

anmtus Vasey. 

Muhlenbergia anomala E. Fourn., Mexic. PI, 2; 82. 1886. T- 

Protol.: Absque loco, Liebmann 687. T-Specim.: 1 of 



1833. T-Protol.: USA: South Carolina. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Cinna arachnoidea Kunth. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia expansa (Poir.) Trin. 

Mulilenbergia arenacea (Buckley) Hitchc, Proc. Biol. Soc. 

Wash. 41: 161, 1928. Basionym: Sporobobis 
arenaceus Buckley. 
DST.:Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Corrcll, D. S. 

& M. C Johnston (1970); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Sporobotus arenaceus Buckley; Sporobolus 

asperifoUus var. brevifolius Vasey; Sporobolus 

asperifolius var. brevifolius Vasey; Sporobolus 
auriculatus Vasey. 

Muhlenbergia arenicola Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 14: 91. 1862. T-Protol: USA: arid places 
in western Texas. T-Spccim.: 1 of 3. USA: Texas: arid 
places in western Texas, no date, C. Wright 735 [LT: 
PH; ILT: US-87239 (fragm.)], LT designated by 
Hitchcock, Man. Grass. LI.S. 886 (1935), but without 
citing a specific sheet in a specific herbarium. 2 of 3. 

USA: Texas, Fendler 968 [ST: PH]. 3 of 3. USA: 
Texas, Fendler 969 [ST: PI I]. 
DST.: Arge. Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), Correll, D. S. 

& M. C Johnston (1970); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. 

L6pez-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Great 

Plains Flora Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1951), Peterson, P. M. & J. J. Ortiz-Diaz (1998); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Podosemum arenicola (Buckley) Bush. 

Muhlenbergia argcntea Vasey, Bull. Torrcy Bot. Club 

1 3(12): 232. 1 886. T-Protol.: Mexico: S.W. 
Chihuahua, n^^. Palmer 160 [HT: US; IT: US]. T- 
Specim.: I of I. Mexico: Chiliuaiiua, Aug lS85-Nov 
1885, E. Palmer 160 [HT: US-995727; IT: US- 
995726], Annotated by Rccder, 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



145 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espcjo Scrna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Fcrrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 
Hcrrcra-Arricta, Y. (1998); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

SYN.: Epicampcs argentca (Vasey) M.E. Jones. 

Muhlenbergia aristidata Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

32(11): 600. 1905. 
REPLACED NAME: Sporobolus aristatus Rydb. 
BLOCKING NAME: Muhlenbergia ahstata Pers. 
= Muhlenbergia filifornns(Thurb. ex S. Watson) Rydb. 

Muhlenbergia ari/onica Scribn., Bidl. Torrey Bot. Club 

15(1): 8, t. A, f. 1-6. 1888. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Mexico: 
State Chihuahua. 16 Sep 1 885, CG. Prlngle 402 [ST: 
LE, US]. 2 of 2. USA: Arizona: mesas near the 
Mexican boundary, 11 Sep 1884, C.C. Pringle s.n. 
[LT: US-81603], LT designated by Ilichc. in Mex. 

Grasses (1913). 
DST.:Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1951); Peterson, P. M. (2000), Shrcve, R & L L. 

Wiggins (1964). 

Muhlenbergia arscnei Hilchc, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 41: 

161. 1928. T-Protol.: USA: New Mexico: Sandoval 
Co.: Sulfer Springs, 2400 m, 17 Aug 1926,G. Arsene 
& A. Benedict 16405 [HT: US-1298444]. T-Specim.: 1 
of 1. USA: New Mexico: Sandoval Co.; Sulphur 

Springs, 17 Aug \92b, Bro. Arsene 16405 [HT: US- 
1298444; IT: US-8I602]. 
DST.:Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Cronquist, A., 

A. H. Hohngren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal 
(1977); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & R- Moran 
(1981); Hickman, J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. 
A. (1974), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia articulata Scribn., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci, 

Philadelphia 1891: 298, f I. 1891. T-ProtoL: Mexico: 
San Luis Potpsi: Cardenas, calcareous banks, 7 Oct 
1890, Pringle 3477. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: San 
Luis Potosi: Cardenas, 7 Oct 1890,C.G. Pringle 3477 
[IT:US-746291]. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A, (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez'Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia aspcra Trin. ex Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 210. 1833. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn, of Sporobolus asper (Michx.) 

Kunth. 
= Sporobnhis asper (P. Beauv.) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia aspericaulis Nees ex Trin,, Mem. Acad. Imp. 

Sci. Saint-Pctcrsbourg, Ser. 6, Set. Math., Seconde Pt. 

Sci. Nat. 6,4(1-2): 103. 1840. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Vilfa richardsonis Trin. 
= Muhlenbergia richardsonis (Trin.) Rydb. 

Muhlenbergia asperifolia (Nees & Meyen ex Trin.) Parodi, 

Revista Fac. Agron. Veterin. (Buenos Aires) 6: 117, f 



1. 1928. Basionym: Vilfa asperifolia Nees & Meyen ex 
Trin. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Cana, Chil, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Cabrera, A. L. 

(1970); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 

Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. 

L. Reveal (1977); Fernaid, M. (1950); Gleason, H. A. 

8l a. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. 

Cronquist (1991); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); 

Great Plains Flora Association (1986); Hickman, J. 

C (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Hitchcock, C L., 

A. Cronquist, M. Ownbcy & J. W. Thompson (1969); 

Marticorcna, C. & M. Quezada (1985); Moss, E. H. 

(1983); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. 

A. (1974); Nicora, E. G., M. E. De Paula, A. M. 

Faggi, M, del C^ Mariano, A. M. Miante A., L. R. 

Pamdi, C A. Petetin, F. A. Roig & Z Rugolo de 



Agrasar (1978); Peterson. P. M. (2000); Rcnvoize, S. 
A. (1998); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 [1979]); Zuloaga, F. 
0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. 
Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 
SYN.: Agrostis distichophylla Phil.; Agrostis eremophila 

Speg.; Muhlenbergia asperifolia (Nees & Meyen ex 
Trin.) Matthei; Sporobolus asperifolius (Nees 8l 
Meyen ex Trin.) Nees; Sporobolus asperifolius var. 
major Vasey; Sporobolus copiapinus Phil.; 
Sporobolus deserticohts Phil,; Sporobolus 
distichophyllus iMiil.; Sporobolus surmentosus 
Griseb.; Vilfa asperifolia Meyen; Vilfa asperifolia 
Nees & Meyen ex Trin. 

Muhlenbergia asperifolia (Nccs & Mc> en ex Trin.) Matthei, 

Gayana, Bot. 41(1-2): 55. 1984, Basionym: Vilfa 
asperifolia Nees & Meyen ex Trin. 

NOTE: nom. superfl. illeg, 

E. NAME: Muhlenbergia asperifolia (Nees & Meyen ex 

Trin.) Parodi. 
= Muhlenbergia asperifolia (Nees & Meyen ex Trin.) 

Parodi. 
Muhlenbergia atacamensis Parodi, Revista Argent. Agron. 

15: 248. 1948. T-ProtoL: Argentina: Prov. Jujuy: La 

Quiaca, en cicnagas, 3450 m, 15 Feb \93\, Parodi 
9656. T-Spccim.i 1 of 1. Argentina: Jujuy: La Quiaca, 
3442 m, 15 Feb 1931, A./^. Parodi 9656 [HT: BAA; 
ILBAA, SI, US-I502428]. 
= Chaboissaea atacamensis (Parodi) P.M. Peterson & 

Annable. 

Muhlenbergia atacamensis P.M. Peterson & Annable var. 

atacamensis. 
= Chaboissaea atacamensis (Parodi) P M. Peterson & 

Annable. 

Muhlenbergia atacamensis var. brachyanthera Parodi, 

Revista Argent. Agron. 15: 250. 1948. T-Protol.: 
Argentina: Jujuy: Depto. de Cochinoca: Pucsto del 
Marques: a 3500 m: 30 Jan \9A2Xabrera 7785. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Argentina: Jujuy: Depto. Cochinoca: 
Puesto del Marques, 30 Jan \9^'i,Cabrera 7785 [HT: 

BAA]. 
= Chaboissaea atacamensis (Parodi) P.M. Peterson & 

Annable. 

Muhlenbergia attenuata Swallen, Ann. Missouri Bot. Card. 

30(2): 138. 1943. T-ProtoL: Panama: Chiriqui: El 
Boquete, foothills, 1000-1300 mjliichcock 8174 [HT: 



146 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; II. 



US-995843]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Panama: Cliiriqui, 28 Muhlcnbergia brachyphylla Bush, Anier. Midi. Naturalist 6: 



Scp-7 Ocl 1911, A.S. Hitchcock 8174 [HT; US- 
995843]. 
= Muhlcnbergia Ichnianniana Henrard. 

Muhlcnbergia aurca Swallcn, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 29(9): 

411. 1950. T-Protol.: Guatemala: Dcpt. of 
Qnezaltenango: in tliickcts at base of vertical slopes 
along railroad, Finca Pirineos, lower S facing slopes of 
VotcSn Santa Maria, between Santa Maria de Jesus 
and Calahuache. alt. 1300-1500 m, 31 Dec \91>9J.A. 



41. 1919. T-ProtoL: USA: Missouri: Webb City, 20 
Sep 1909, Palmer 2734 [HT: M0^757387]. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Missouri, Webb City, 20 Sep 
1909, Palmer 2734 [HT: MO-757387, IT. US (fragm. 
ex MO)]. 
NOTE: horn, illcg. 

E. NAME: Muhlcnbergia brachyphyUa (Nces) B.D. Jacks. 
CORRECT NAME: Muhlcnbergia bushii R AV. Pohl. 
= Muhienbergia bushii R.W. Pohl. 



^/eye/vm/A- J^y 75 [HT: F-1 057948]. T-Specim.: 1 of Muhlcnbergia brachyphylla fo. arisfafa E.J. Palmer & 



1. Guatemala: Quezaltcnango, 31 Dec 1939, J,A, 

Steycrmark 33175 [HT: F-1057948; IT: US-2236470]. 
DST.: Gnat. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidsc, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. 

Chater (cditorcs gencrales) (1994); McClure, F. A. 
(1955); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Reeder, C. G. (1994); 
Sodcrstrom, T. R. (1967). 

Muhlcnbergia berlandieri Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- 

Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. Nat> 
6,4(3-4): 299. 1 84 1. T-Protol.: Mexico: in montibus, 
Bcrlandicr s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Mexico: Distrito 



Federal: mountains 



iiear Mexico, Aug 



1827, 



Bcrlandicr 676, 6S4 [ST: LE-TRIN- 1487.0 1 (incl. 
fig.)], both nos. appear on the same TRIN sheet, there 
is one specimen and a fig. 2 of 3. Mexico, 26 Aug 

1827, J.L Bcrlandicr 676 [1ST: US-2557457, US- 
87241 (fragm,)]. 3 of 3. Mexico: ccrca Mexico in 
monlibus, Bcrlandicr 684 [1ST: MO-2974285]. 
= Muhlcnbergia rigida (Kunth) Runlh. 

Muhienbergia heyrichianum Kunth, Enum, PI. 1: 200. 1833. 

T-Protof: Brazil: "Brasilia", ^a?o/j. T-Specim.: I of 1. 
Brasil: Province de Saint-Paul, Voyage d'Auguste de 
Saint^Hilaire de I£^I6 a niXXatalB'No 1028 [T: P]. 
= Pcrcilcma bcyrichianum (Kunth) Hilchc. 

Muhlcnbergia biloba llitchc. Contr, U.S. Natl. Herb. 17(3): 

294. 1913. 

REPLACED NAME: Bealia mcxicana Scribn. 
BLOCKING NAME: Muhlcnbergia mcxicana (L.) Trin. 
= Bealia inexicana Scribn. 

Muhienbergia botteri E. Fourn., Mcxic. PL 2: 85. 1886. T- 



87 [ST: 
Mexico: 



Specim.: 1 of 3. Mexico: Orizaba, Sep, 5o/A 

P; 1ST: US-087242 (fragm. ex P)]. 2 of 3. 
Ori/aba, Sep, /^ MculL 2006 [ST]. 3 of 3. Mexico: 
absque loco, KarM\ 101 1 [ST]. 
= Muhlcnbergia schrcbcri J.l\ Gmel. 

Muhienbergia bourgeaei E. Fourn. ex Hemsl., Biol. Cent.- 

Amer, Bot. 3: 539. 1885. 

i 

NO IT: nom. nud. 

~ Muhlcnbergia peruviana (P. Bcauv.) Stcud. 

Muhienbergia bourgeaei E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 86. 1886. 

T-Spe 



.: 1 of 3. Mexico: Monlezuma pr Cuantepec 
in Valle Mexicensi, 11 Oct 1866, M Bourgeau 1155 
[IT: US-1645092, US-99548I]. 2 of 3. Mexico: 
Gualzimalpan in valle Mexicensi, iu\,Schaffncr 2 [ST: 
P]. 3 of 3. Mexico: Valle de Mexico, Dcsicrto Viejo, 3 
Nov 1865, M Bourgeau 1309 [LT: P; IT: US-87243 
(fragm. ex P)], LT designated by Peterson, Sys. Bot. 
Monogr. 31:73(1991). 
= Muhlcnbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Stcud. 



Steyerm., Brittonia 10(3): 110-111. 1958. T-Protol.: 
USA: Missouri, 1 3/4 mi se of Spenceburg, Pike Co., 
Stillhouse Cave, 7 Oct 1956, J. A. Steyermark 82921 
[HT: F; IT: US]. 
= Muhlcnbergia frunJosa (Poir.) Fernald. 

Muhlcnbergia brandcgci C. Recdcr, Madroilo 13: 248, f 1. 

1956. T-Protol.: Mexico: Baja California: Santa 
Margarita Isl., 6 Mar lSi9, Brandcgcc 16. T-Specim,: 
1 of 1. Mexico: Baja California Sur: Santa Margarita 
Island, 6 Mar 1889, TS. Brandcgee 16 [IIT: UC; IT: 
US-995612J, 
DST.:Mexi. 

LVI. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Scrna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 
Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Peterson, P. M. & 
C. R. Annable (1991), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhienbergia brcviaristata (Hack.) Piirodi, Physis (Buenos 

Aires) 9: 219. 1928. Basionym: Muhlcnbergia 

phragmitoidcs var. brcviaristata Hack, 

DS T,: Argc. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. (2000); Zuloaga, F. 

O., E. G. Nicora, 7. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. 

Morrone, J, Pensiero & A. M. CiaUiclla (1994). 

SYN. : Muhienbergia phragmitoides var. brcviaristata 

Hack. 

Muhlcnbergia breviculniis Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

29(9): 408. 1950, T-Protol.: Guatemala: Dcpt. 
Iluchuctcnango; top of Cerro Chemalilo, sierra de los 
Cuchumatancs, 3.5 mi W of Santa Eulalia; 3100-3150 
m; 2 Aug 1942, J.A. Steycrmark 49905 [HT: US- 

1935054]. T-Specim.: I of 1. Guatemala: 
Huehuetcnango: Cerro Chemalilo, Sierra de los 
Cuchumatanes, 3,5 mi W of Santa Fulalia, 3100-3150 
m, 2 Aug \9A2, Steycrmark 49905 [HT: US-1935054; 
IT: F, US-2208654]. 
DST.: Guat, 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse, G., M. Sonsa S. & A. O. 

Chater (editorcs generales) (1994); McClure, F. A. 

(1955); Recdcr, CG. (1994). 

Muhlcnbergia brcvifolia Scribn. ex Beal, Grass, N. Amer. 

2: 254, 255. 1896. T-Protol.: Mexico: Mxsco.Pringle 
4736. T-Specim,: 1 of 1. Mexico: Jalisco: near 
Guadalajara, 6 May 1893, CG. Pringle 4736 [HT: 
MSC; IT: US-250853]. 
DST.: Mcxi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPID. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pc7-I errari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



147 



Muhlenbergia brevifolia (Nutt.) M.E. Jones, Conlr. W. But. 

14: 12. \9\2. B'dskmym: Agrostis brevifolia Hutt. 
NOTE: hoin. illeg. 

E. NAME: Muhlenbergia brevifolia Scribn. c\ Deal. 
= Muhlenbergia cuspidata (Torr. ex Hook.) Rydb. 

Mulilenbergia brevifolia v^r.richardsonts (Trin.) M.E. Jones, 

Contr. W. Bol. 14: 12. 1912. Basionym: Vilfa 
richardsonis Trin. 
= Muhlenbergia richardsonis (Trin.) Rydb. 

Mnhlenbcrgia brevili^ula Hilchc., N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 458. 

1935. T-Protol.: Guatemala: Guatemala City, collected 
on clay hill, alt. 1500 m, 2 Dec \9\\, Hitchcock 9063 
[IIT: US-995S88]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Guatemala, 2 
Dec \9U, A.S. Hitchcock 9063 [IIT: US-995S88]. 
DST.: Gual, Ilond, Mexi, Nica. 

LVL ACCF'TC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Rrccdiove, D. 

E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Soiisa S. & A. O. Chatcr 
(editores gcncrales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); McClure, 

F. A. (1955); Molina R., A. (1975); Peterson, P. M. 
(2000); Reader. C. G. (1994); Soderstrom, T. R. 
(1967). 

Muhlenbergia brevis CO. Goodd., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 31: 

505. 1941. T-Protol.: USA: New Mexico: Socorro 
County: Mogollon Mountains, on Mogollon Creek, 8 
Sep 1903, Metcalfe 671 [IIT: US-495644]. T-Specim.: 
1 of K USA: New Mexico: Socorro Co.: Mogollon 
Mts., 8000 ft, 8 Sep 1903, fti^. Metcalfe 671 [HT: US- 
495644; IT; GI I K, MO, NMC, NY, P]. 
DST.: Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Correll, D. S. 

& M. C. Johnston (1970); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Peterson, P. M. & C. R. 
Annabic (1991); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia schaffneri var longiseta Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia brcviseta Griseb. ex E. Fonm., Mcxic. PI. 2: 

83. 1886. T-Prolol.: Mexico: Orizaba, 5 syntypes cited. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 5. Mexico: Veracruz: Orizaba, 1853, 
F. Midler 1453 [LT: P; ILT: US-8I60I], LT 
designated by Hitchcock, N. Am. Fl. 17(6): 464 
(1935), but herbarium not specified; cited by 
McVaugh, Fl. Novo-Gal. 14: 233 (1983). 2 of 5. 
Mexico: Orizaba, F. Muller 2003 [ST: 1ST: US- 
81601]. 3 of 5. Mexico: Orizaba,f. Miiller 2093 [ST: 
1ST: US-81601]. 4 of 5. Mexico: OnL'^;b^, Schaffner 
111 [ST: P]. 5 of 5. Mexico: Orizaba, ^c/zq^mT 157 
[ST:P], "inpl.cd. Hohen.". 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPI'D. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Scrna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 



Muhlenbergia bre\ivajTinata S^^allc^, Bol. 



Soc. Bot. 



Mexico 23: 30, f 3. 1958 [1959]. T-Protol.: Mexico: 
Jalisco: 6 mi NW of Cuautia, 1850 m, 21 Oct 1952, in 
grassy openings in open forest of Quercus 
macrophylla, on shallow soil over gently sloping 
rocks, road to Mascota, McVaugh 13671 [HT: US- 
2118495]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Jalisco, 21 Oct 
\952,R, McVaugh 13671 [HT: US-2118495]. 



DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J, Valdes-Reyna (2000); McVaugh, R. 

(1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia buckleyana Scribn., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

1(2): 56. 1890. 
NOTE: num. illeg. superfl. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia texana Buckley. 
= Muhlenbergia (cxana Buckley. 

Muhlenbergia bushii R.W. Pohl, Amer. Midi. Naturalist 82: 

534. 1969. 
REPLACED NAME: Muhlenbergia brachyphvlla Bush. 
BLOCKING NAME: Muhlenbergia brachyphylhi (Nccs) 

B.D. Jacks. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 

(1991); Great Plains Flora Association (1986); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000); Schwegman, John E, (1991). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia brachyphylla Bush. 

Muhlenbergia caespitosa Ciiapm., BuL. Gaz. 3: 18. 1878. T- 

Protol.: USA: Florida; Dry pine barrens, near 

Apalachicola, [Chapman] . 
= Muhlenbergia expansa (Poir.) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia calamagrostidca Kunth, Revis. Gramin. I: 63. 

1829. 
NOTE: nom. nov. for Calamagrostis cjuitensis Kunth, but 

illeg,; see M quitensis (Kunth) Hilchc. 
CORRECT NAME: Calamagrostis quitensis Kuntli. 
= Muhlenbergia tenuifolia (Kuntli) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia calcicola Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

29(9): 407. 1950. T-Protol.: Guatemala: Dept. 
Huehuctcnango: open limestone Juniperus forest, 
along road in region of Chemal, alt. 3300 m. Sierra de 
los Chuchuniatanes, 3 1 Dec 1940, P.C. Standley 
81703 [HT: US-1910686]. T-Specim.: I of 1. 
Guatemala: Huehuetenango: Chemal, Sierra de los 

Chuchumatanes, 3300 m, 31 Dec 1940, Standley 
S1703 [HT: US-1910686, IT: US-2236500]. 
- Muhlenbergia ligularis (Hack.) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia californica Vasey, Bull. Torrcy Bot. Club 13: 

53. 1886. 
REPLACED NAME: Muhlenbergia glonierata var 

brevifolia Vasey. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Hickman, J. C 

(1993), Hiichcock, A. S. (1951); Mnnz, P. A. & D. 

D. Keck (1959), Munz. P. A. (1974), Peterson, P. M. 

(2000). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia californica (Vasey) Abrams; 

Muhlenbergia glomerata var. brevifolia Vasey; 
Muhlenbergia parishii Vasey; Muhlenbergia 
racemosa var. brevifolia (Vasey) Beal; Muhlenbergia 
sylvatica var. californica Vasey. 

Muhlenbergia californica (Vasey) Abrams, Fl. Los Angeles 

32. 1904. Basionym: Muhlenbergia sylvatica var. 
californica Vasey. 

NO IE: horn, illeg. 

E, NAME: Muhlenbergia californica Vasey. 



148 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



= MiiIileiibiTgia californica Vasey. 

Muhlenbergia calycina (Trin.) Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 

193, 296, t. 5, f. 11. 1824. Basionym: 7>/t:/?0£:/7/r)(7 

calycina Trin. 
NOTE: as "Muhlenbergia". 
= Muhlenbergia glonierata (Willd.) Trin. 

Muhkiibcigia capillaris (Lam.) Trin., Grain. Unifl. 

Scsquill. 191-192, 296, t. 5, f. 15, 1824. Basionym: 
Sfipa capillaris Lam. 

NOTE: as "Mithlcnbergia". 

DST.: Cari, Glial, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Brecdlove, D. E. (1986), Catasus Gucrra, L. 

(1997); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 

Darke, R. (1999); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. 

Chater (cditores generates) (1994); Espejo Serna, A,, 

A. R. Lopcz-Fcrrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 

Fcrnald, M. (1950); Glcason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 

(1968); Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten (1979); 

Great Plains ilora Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. 

5. (1909); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Liogier, H. & L. Martorell (1982), Long, R. 
W. & O. Lakela (1971); McCIure, F. A. (1955); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000); Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles 

6. C. R Bell (1968), Rceder, C. G. (1994); Small, J. 
K. (1933); Sousa S., M. & E. F. Cabrei^ C. (1983); 
Wundcrlin, R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Miihletibergia polypogon (DC.) Kunih;Po Jose mum 

agrostidcum P. \^\:ww'^ .\ Fodoscmum caplUare (Lam.) 
Dcsv.; Siipa capillaris Lam.; Stipa diffusa Walter; 
Tosagris agrostidca P. Bcauv.; Trichochloa 
capillaris {L:\m.) DC,', Trichochloa polypogon DC. 

Muhlenbergia capillaris \2Lr.filipes (M.A. Curtis) Chnpm. ex 

Bcal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 256. 1896. Basionym: 
Muhlenbergia fdipes M.A. Curtis. 
= Mulileiiber^ia sericea (Michx.) P.M. Peterson. 

Muhlenbergia capillaris var. trichopodes (Elliott) Vascy, 

Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 3(1): 66. 1892. Basionym: 
Agrostls trichopodes Elliott. 
= Muhlenbergia cxpansa (Poir.) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia capillipes (ME. Jones) P.M. Peterson & 

Ajinable, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 31: 27. 1991. Basionym: 
Sporobolus capillipesM.r.. Jones. 
DST.; Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPIC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espcjo Scrna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), Peterson, P. M. 
& C. R, Annable (1991), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Sporobolus capillipes M.E. Jones; Sporobolus 

capillipes var delicatuhis M.E. Jones. 

hhihicnbergia carinata Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Rcgni Vcg. 

17: 213. 192L T-Protol.: Mexico: Edo. Jalisco: bei 
Quadahijara. Pringle 2350. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia scoparia Vascy. 
= Muhlenbergia scoparia Vasey. 



Renvoize & Lcugaard 4962 [HT: PCUN; IT: AAU, K, 
MO, US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Peru: Prov, Cajamarca: 
Micuypampa, 62 km from Cajamarca towards 
Celendin, growing in mud Hat at bottom of limestone 
quarry, 3600 m, 26 Mar 1988,5.//. Renvoize & S. 
Lcegaard 4962 [HT: PCUN; IT: AAU, K, MO- 
3712393, US-3185350]. 

DST.: Peru. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Lxgaard, S. & I. S.^nchez V. (1990); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000); Tovar, 6. (1993). 

Muhlenbergia ciliata (Kunlh) Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 

193, t. 5, f 16. 1824. Y^'d-^'xonym.Podosemum ciliatum 
Kunth. 

DST.: Arge. Boli, Braz. Colo, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, Hond, 

Mexi, Nica, Pana. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bcrendsohn. W. G. & A. E. Araniva 

de Gonzalez (1991); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi 
(1993); Brecdlove, D. E. (1986); Davidsc, G., M. 
Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (cditores gencrales) (1994); 
Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Jergensen, P. M. & C Ulloa 
U. (1994); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) 
(1999); Macbride, J. F. (1936); McClure, F. A. 
(1955), McVaugh. R. (1983), Peterson, P. M. &i C R. 
Annable (1991); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Reedcr, C. 
G. (1994); Renvoize, S. A. (1998), Zuloaga, F. 0., E. 
G. Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. 
Pcnsicro & A. M. CialdcMa (1994). 

S^'>J.: Muhlenbergia adspersa lx\\\.\ Muhlenbergia ciliata 

(Kunth) Kunth; Podoscmum brachyphyUum Nees; 



Podosemum 



ciliatum 



Kunth; 



Polypogon 



Muhlenbergia caxamarccnsis Laegaard & Sanchez Vega, 

Nordic J Bot. 10: 437. 1990. T-Protol.: Peru: Prov, 
Cajamarca: Micuypauipa, 62 km from Cajamarca 
towards Celendin, 3600 m a.s.l., 26 Mar 1988, 



brachyphyUus (Nees) E. Fourn. ex Hems!.; 
Polypogon ciliatus (Kunth) Sprcng.; Trichochloa 
ciliata (Kunth) Roem. & SchulL 

Muhlenbergia ciliata (Kunth) Kunth. Revis. Graniin. 1: 63. 

1829. Basionym: Podosemum ciliatum Kunth. 
NOTE: ibunym. 

E. NAME: Muhlenbergia ciliata (Kunlh) Trin. 
= Muhlenbergia ciliata (Kunth) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia circinata Kuntze, Revis. Gen, PI. 3(3): 356. 

1898. T-Protol.: Argentina: 1500 m nahe dem Paso 

Cruz 34 de^ree, O. Kuntze s.n. 
NOTE: as "Muehlenbergia" circinata, 

- Status not yet determined. 

Muhlenbergia clandestina (Bichicr) Trin., Gram. UnitL 

Sesquitl. 190^191, 296, t. 5, f. 9. 1824. Basionym: 
Agrostis clandestina Biehler. 
NOTE: as "MiMenbergia". 
= Sporobolus clandestinus (Biehler) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia ciccfii Ixgaard, Caldasia 17(82-85): 409- 

411, f. I. 1995. T-Protol. : Colombia: Boyaca: Sierra 
Nevada de! Cocuy, Alto Valle Lagunillas, alt. 4060 m, 
26 Juu 1972, paramo pantanoso al sur de la Laguna 
Cuadrada, cauce retleno con Muhlenbergia fastigiata 

predominanlc, graminea pequcila muy abundante, 

A.M. Cleef& P.A.F. Florschuiz 5578 [HT: COL]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of I. Colombia: Boyaca: Sierra Nevada del 

Cocuy, Alto Valle Lagunillas, p^^ramo pantanosos al 
Sur de la Laguna Cuadrada, 4060 m, 26 Sep 1972, 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



149 



A.Ckff& PA.Florschutz 5578 [HT: COL; IT: U, US- 

2785756]. 
NOTE: as "cieefi". 
DST.: Colo. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: La;gaard, S. (1995), Peterson, P. M. 

(2000). 

Muhlenbergia clomena Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. 1: 64. 1829. 
NOTE: nom. nov., nom. illcg. supcrfl.; based onClomcna 

peruviana P. Bcauv. 
CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Beauv ) 

Steud. 
= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Bcauv.) Slcud. 

Muhlenbergia coerulea (Griseb.) Mcz, Repert. Spec. Nov. 

Regni Vcg. 17: 213. 192L Basionym: Epicampes 

coerulea Griseb. 
= Muhlenbergia angustata (J. PresI) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia coloradensis Mcz, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni 

Veg. 17: 213. 1921. T-Protol.: USA: Colorado: Chiann 
Can}on, Jo/ie5. T-Speciin.: 1 of L USA: Colorado, 5 
Oct \^n, ME. Jones 806 [\T\ US-994951]. 



= Muhlenbergia wrightii Vascy ex J.M. Coiilt. 

Muhlenbergia comata (Thurb.) Thurb, ex Benth., J. Linn. 

Soc, Bot. 19: 83. 1881. Basionym: Vaseya comata 

Thurb. 
= Muhlenbergia antlina (Nutt.) Ililcbc. 

Muhlenbergia commutata (Scribn.) Bush, Amer. Midi. 

Naturalist 6: 61. 1919. Basionym: Muhlenbergia 
mexicana subsp. commutata Scribn. 
= Muhlenbergia frondosa fo. commutata (Scribn.) 

Fcrnald. 

Muhlenbergia composita Trin. ex Kunth, Eniim. PL 1: 229. 

1833. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. ofAgrostis composita Poiret. 

= Sporobolus compositus (Poir.) Mcrr. 

Muhlenbergia confusa (E. Fourn.) Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Hcrb. 29(4) 207. 1947. Basionym: Vilfa confusa E. 

Fourn. 
= Muhlenbergia minutissima (Stcud.) Swallcn, 

Muhlenbergia crispiseta Hilchc, N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 440. 

1935. T-Protol.: Mexico: Chihualuia: Sierra Madre, 
collected on thin soil of porphyry ledges, 23 Oct 1887, 
Pringle 1411 [HT: US-995491]. T-Specim.: I of I. 
Mexico: Chihuahua, 23 Oct 1887, C.G. Pringle Nil 
[HT: US-995491; IT: RSA, VT]. 

DST.: Mcxi, USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Scrna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Peterson, P. M. iS: C. R. Amiable (1991); Peterson, P. 

M. (2000), 

Muhlenbergia cnalensis Y. Herrera & P.M. Peterson, Novon 

2(2): 114, f 1. 1992. T-ProtoL: Mexico: Jalisco: SSE 
of Puerto Vallcirta, 14 km from the opening of the 
Zimapan Mine, 1 km W of Providcncia boundary El 
Tuilo-El Caule, 20.15N 105. 15W, 31 Jan 1983,/?. 
Guzman 6090 [HT: COCA; IT: IIUJG, US]. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of L Mexico: Jalisco, 31 Jan 1983,/?. 
Guzman M. 6090 [HT: COCA; IT; IBUG, US- 

3239031]. 



DST.: Mexi. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Ilcrrcra A., Y. 

& P. M. Peterson (1992); Herrera-Arrieta. Y. (1998); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia curtifolia Scribn., Bull. Torrcy Bot. Club 38: 

328. 1911. T-Protol.: USA: Utah: collected between 
Kanab and Carmel, 1894, M£. Jones 6n47J. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Utah, collected between Knnab 
and Carmel, 6000 fl, 13 Sep 1894,M£. Jones 6047J 
[lIT:US-278700]. 

DST.: USA. 
LVL.ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1951);Petcrsun, P.M. (2000). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia curtifolia subsp. curtifolia; 

Muhlenbergia curtifolia subsp. griffithsii Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia curtifolia Scribn. subsp. curtifolia. 
= Muhlenbergia curtifolia Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia curtifolia subsp. griffithsii Scribn., Bulk 

Torrey Bot. Club 38: 328. 1911. T-Protok: USA: 
Arizona: in Du Chclly Canyon: 1903, D. Griffiths 
5837. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Arizona: Apache Co., 
Canyon De Chclly, 16-17 Sep 1903, Z). Griffiths 5837 
[HT: US-556088; IT: US-995190]. 
= Muhlenbergia curtifolia Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia curtisetosa (Scribn.) Bush, Amer. Midi. 

Naturalist 6: 35. 1919. Basionym: Muhlenbergia 
schreberi sub'^p. curtisetosa Scribn. 
= Muhlenbergia x curtisetosa (Scribn.) Bush (pro sp.). 

Muhlenbergia x curtisetosa (Scribn.) Busli (pro sp.), Amer. 

Midk Naturalist 6: 35. 1919. Basioiyym: Muhlenbergia 
schreberisuh^p. curtisetosa Scribn. 
NOTE: hybrid status first recognized by Pohl, Amer. 

Midkmd Nat. 82: 528 (1969) [M schreberi x 
unknown]. 

DST.: USA. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Melica x curtisetosa (Scribn.) R.W, Pohl; 

Bush; 



Muhlenbergia curtisetosa 



(Scribn.) 



Muhlenbergia schreberi subsp. curtisetosa Scribn.; 
Muhlenbergia schreberi var. curtisetosa (Scribn.) 
Stcycrm. & CL. Kucera. 

Muhlenbergia curvula Swallen, Conlr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

29(9): 410. 1950. T-Protok: Mexico: in dry oak- 
wooded slopes ca. 12 mi from Guanajuato on road to 
Santa Rosa, Guanajuato, 30 Sep 1946,//.£. Moore, Jr. 
1353 [HT: US-1963089]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Guanajuato, 30 Sep 1946,//.£. Moore 1353 [HT: US- 
1963089]. 
= Muiilenhcrgia vircscens (Kunth) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia cuspidata (Torr. ex Hook.) Rydb., Bull. 

Torrcy Bot. Club 32(1 1): 599. 1905. Basionym: rr7> 
cuspidata Torr. ex Hook. 
DST.: Cana, USA. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Fcrnald, M. (1950), Gkason, H. A. 

& A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1991); Great Plains Flora Association 



150 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



(1986), Hitchcock, A. S. (1935); Hilchcock, A. S. 
(1951); llitclicock, C. L., A. Cronquist, M. Ovvnbey 
& J. W. Thompson (1969); Moss, E. 11. (1983); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000); Scoggan, II. J. (1978 [1979]); 
Voss, r G. (1972). 
SYN.: Agrosds brevifoUa Nutt.; Muhlenbergia brevifolia 

(Niilt.) M.E. Jones; Sporobolus cuspidatus (Ton. ex 
I look.) Alph. Wood; Sporobolus gracilis (Trin.) 
Mcrr.; J'ilfa ctispidata Torr. ex Hook.; Vilfa gracilis 
Trin. 

Muhlenbergia debilis (Kunth) Trin., Gram. Unlfl. Sesqnifl. 

193, t. 5, f. 18. 1824. l\i\s\ony\y\'. Podosemitm dcbile 
Kunth. 
NOTH; basionym p. 193, comb, in tab. 
= Muhlenbergia niicrosperma (DC.) Kunth, 

Muhlenbergia debilis (Kuiith) Kuiitli, Rcvis. Gramin, 1: 63. 

1829. Basionym: Podosemum debile Kuiith. 
= Muhlenbergia niicrosperma (DC.) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia decunibens Swallen, Bol. Soc. Bot. Mexico 23: 

30-32, f. 4. 1958 [1959J. T-Protol.: Mexico: 
Chihuahua: on orilla carrctcra, snclo niigajon arenoso 
gris, km 33, Cuaulilcmoc - V. Guerrero, 2200 m, 27 
Oct 1954, E. Hernandez d C. Tapia N359 [HT: US- 
2237023]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Chihuahua: 
orilia carrelera, suelo migajon arenoso gris, km 33, 
Cualitemoc-V. Guerrero, 2200 m„ 27 Oct 1954, £. 
HerndndezX, & TaniaJ. N-359 [HT: US-2237023]. 
== Chabuissaca dccumbcns (Swalleii) Rccder & C. Reeder 

Muhlenbergia densijlora Scribn. & Merr., Bull. Div. 

Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 24: 18, f. 4. !901. T-Protol.: 
Mexico: on lava beds, Serrania dc Ajusco, Federal 
district, alt. 3000 m, 13 Aug \H97,Pringlc 66^5 [HT: 
USJ. T-Specim.: I of 1. Mexico: Distrito Federal: 
Serrnnia de Ajusco, on lava beds, elev. 10000 ft, 13 
Aug 1897, C.G. Pringle 6675 [HT: US-316900; IT: 
LE, US-822867]. 
— Muhlenbcigia dubia E. Fourn. 

Muhlenbergia dcpaupcrata Scribn,, Bol. Gaz. 9: 187. 1884. 

T-Protol.: USA: Arizona, /'n^jg/e. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. 

USA: Arizona, 13 Sep 1884, CG. Pringle s.n. [ST: 

US-746200]. 2 of 2. USA: Arizona: Cochise Co. or 

Santa Cruz Co.: Mustang Mts., 13 Sep ]8M, Pringle 

s.n. [LT: US-994221; ILT: K, MO, MSC, NY, P, US, 

VT], LT designated (as type) by McVaugh, Fl. Novo- 

Galiciana 14: 236 (1983), hiil without indicating a 

specific sheet, specific sheet indicated by Peterson, 

Syst. Bot. Monogr.X( 1991). 

DST.:Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: U 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 

Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 

Reyna (2000), Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); McVaugh, R. 

(1983); Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annabic (1991); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

SYN.: Lycurus schaffneri (E. Fourn.) Mez; Muhlenbergia 

schaffneri E. Fourn.; Muhlenbergia schaffneri E. 

Foum. ex Hcmsl.; Muhlenbergia schaffneri var. 
scliaffiieri. 

Muhlenbergia diehlii M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bol. 14: 13. 

1912. T-Protol.: Mexico: Chihuahua: Guajanopa 
canyon. Sierra Madre Mts., [M.E. Jones] 7316. T- 



Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: Chihuahua: Guaryanopa 
Canyon, Sierra Madre Mts., 23 Sep 1903,M£ Jones 
7316 [HT: POM; IT: MO, US-1447451, US-591 131]. 
= Muhlenbergia scliniitzii Hack 

Muhlenbergia diffusa Muhl., Trans. Amer. Philos. Soc. 3: 

160. 1793. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 

= Muhlenbergia schrcberi J.F. Gnicl. 

Muhlenbergia diffusa Willd., Sp. PL 1: 320. 1797. T-Proto!.: 

Habitat in America boreali. 
= Muhlenbergia schrcberi J.F. Gmel. 

Muhlenbergia diffusa Schreb., Beschr. Gras. 2: I. 51. 1810 

[1810]. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl., el hom., descr. by Schreber, 

Gen PI. 1: 44 (1791) m Muhlenbergia, but without a 
species name. 

E. NAME. Muhlenbergia diffusa Willd. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia schrcberi ] V . Gmel. 

= Muhlenbergia schrcberi J.F. Gmel. 

Muhlenbergia diffusa Farw., Rep. Michigan Acad, Sci. 20: 

168. 1919. 

NOTE: hom. illeg.; as comb, but basion>ni J^rt;.s7M' diffusa 

Muhl. a hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Muhlenbergia diffusa Willd. 

= Muhlenbergia syfvatica (Torr.) Torr. ex A. Gray. 

Muhlenbergia diffusa var. alienuata (Scribn.) Farvv., Pap. 

Michigan Acad. Sci. 23: 125. 1938. Basionym: 
Muhlenbergia umbrosa subsp. attenuata Scribn, 
= Muhlenbergia frondosa fo. frondosa. 

Muhlenbergia distans Swallen, N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 46L 

1935. T-Proto!,: Mexico: Oaxaca: Las Sedas, collected 
on dry hills, alt. 1800 m, 15 Sep \^9^, Pringle 5575 
[HT: US-746297]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Oaxaca: 
drj^ hills, Las Sedas, alt. 6000 ft, 15 Sep 1894, C.G. 
Pringle 5575 [HT: US-746297; IT: MO-1837832, 
TAES, US-134322, US-305676]. 
DST.: Guat, Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Davidse, G., 

M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chatcr (cditorcs gcncrales) 
(1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); McClure, F. A. (1955); 

McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Reeder, 
C. G. (1994); Soderstrom. T. R. (1967). 

Muhlenbergia distichophylla (J. PresI) Kunlh, Enum. PI. 1: 

202. 1833. Basionym: Podosefuum disiichopliyllum J. 
Presl. 

NOTE: not Rcvis. Gram, siippl. published in 1834, not 

1830, as commonly cited. 

DST.: Guat, Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Breedlove, D. 

E. (1986); Davidse, C, M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chater 
(editorcs generales) (199-1); Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); 
McVaugh. R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Reeder, 
C G. (1994); Soderstrom, T. R. (1967). 

SYN.: Epicanipes striata var. distichophylla (J. Presl) M.E. 

Jones; Mulilenbergia angustifolia Swallen; 



Muhlenbergia 



distichophylla 



B.D. 



Jacks.; 



Podo.semurn distichophyllum J. Presl, 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



151 



Muhlcnbcrgia distichophylla B.D. Jacks., Index Kcw. 269. 

1894. T-Prolol.: USA. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. Epicampes distichophylla 

Vasey. 

E. NAME: Muhlenbergia distichophylla (J. Prcsl) Kunth. 
= Muhlenbergia distichophylla (J. Prcsl) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia distichophylla \?iX.mutica Scribn. ex Urbina, 

Cat. PI. Mexic. 393. 1897. T-Protol.: Mcxico^Pringle 
2360, Pringle5577. 

NOTE: nom. nud 

= Muhlenbergia versicolor Swallen. 

Muhtenberjjia diversigluinis Trin., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. 

Saint-Petersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Seconde Pt. Sci. 
Nat 6,4(3-4): 298. 1841. T-PiotoL: Mexico: Puito 
Pedro, Karwinsky sn. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Pedro, Kanvinsky sm, [HT: LE-TRlN-1497.01; IT: 
US-84831 (fragm, ex LE-TRIN'1497.02)]. 

NOTE: reprint p. 52. 

DST.: Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, Hond, Mcxi, Pana, 

Peru, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: E 



Canyon, 25 Sep 1936, W.A. Silveus 3490 [IIT: SCS 

Hb. in Tucson]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Arizona: 25 

Sep 1938, WA. Silveus 3490 [HT: USDA-SCS herb, in 

Tucson; IT: LL,TEX, US-1 76161 1, US-1 723903]. 
= Muhlenbergia palnicri Vasey. 



Muhlenbergia dumosa Scribn. ex Vasey, Contr. U.S. Nail. 

Herb. 3(1): 71. 1892. T-Specim.: I of 3. USA: 
Arizona: Santa Catalina Mountains, 1884, C.G. 
Pringle s,n. [IT: US-994324], LT designated by ?; 
cited by McVaugh, Fl. Novo-Gal. 14: 239 (1983). 2 of 
3. USA: Arizona, Pringle d Letnmon [ST]. 3 of 3. 
USA: Southern California, Orcutt sjj. [ST]. 
DST.:Mexi,USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. DY: Anonymous (1986), Beetle, A. A. 

(1977), Darke, R. (1999); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
L6pcz-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), Gould, F. 
W. &i R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Shreve, 
F.& I.L.Wiggins (1964). 
SYN.; Muhlenbergia dumosa var minor Scribn. ex Beal. 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Berendsohn, Muhlenbergia dumosa \?Lr. minor Scribn. ex Beal, Grass. N. 



W. G. & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); 
Biccdlove, D. E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & 
A. O. Chater (edilores generales) (1994), Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000), Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Joriiensen, P. M & 
C. Ulloa U. (1994), Jorgcnsen, P. M. & S. Lc6n- 
Yiinez (eds.) (1999); Macbridc, L F. (1936); 
McClure, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina 
R., A. (1975); Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annable 
(1991); Peterson, P. M. (2000), Pohf R. W. (1980); 
Reeder, C. G. (1994); Tovar, 6. (1993). 
SYN.: Brachyelytrum pringlei Vasey ex Beal; 

Muhlenbergia triniiE, Fourn.; Muhlenbergia trinii E. 
Fourn. ex Hemsl. 

Muhlenbergia dubia E, Fourn., Biol Ccnt.-Amer., Bot. 

3(29): 540. 1885. T-Protol.: Mexico: South Mexico, 
Chinantla, Liebmann 688, T-Spccim.: 1 of I. Mexico: 
Oaxaca: Chinanda, May 1841, F.M Liebmann 688 
[IT: US-91018 (fragm.)]. 

DST: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Darke, R. (1999); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951), McVaugh. R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

SYN.: Crypsinna breviglumis M.E. Jones; Crypsinna 

setiglumis M.E. Jones; Muhlenbergia acuminata 
Vasey; Muhlenbergia densiflora Scribn. & Merr.; 
Muhlenbergia dublu E. Fourn, Muhlenbergia firma 
Beal; Sporobolus injlatus Vasey & L.H. Dewey ex 
Beal; Sporobolus ligulatus Vasey & L.H. Dcwcy. 

Muhlenbergia dubia E. Fourn., Mexic. PL 2: 82. 1886. T- 

Protul,: Mexico: South Mexico, Chlminih, Liebmann 
[688], T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Chinantla, May 
1841, F.M Liebmann 688 [T: IT: US-91018 (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Muhlenbergia dubia E. Fourn. 

= Muhlenbergia dubia E, Fourn. 

Muhlenbergia dubioldes CO. Goodd., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 

30: 20. 1940. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona: in Box 



Amer. 2: 261. 1896. T-Protol.: Utxxzo, Pringle 2355, 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Jalisco: cool wet ledges. 
Sierra de San Est^ban near Guadalajara, 7 Nov 1889, 
C.G. Pringle 2355 [IIT: MSC; IT: MO-2974115, US- 
822888, US-746096, US-81625]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia dumosa Scribn. ex Vasey. 

Muhlenbergia durangensis Y. Herrera, Phytologia 63(6): 

457. 1987. T-Protol.: Mexico: Durango: Mun. de Los 
Charcos: Mezquital, 32 km de Charcos por el camino a 
La Guajolota, alt. 2040 m, bosque de pino-encino, 15 
Mar 1985, M. Gonzalez et al. 1659 [HT: ClIDIR]. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A„ A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Herrera Arrieta, 
Y. (1987); Hcrrera-Arrieta, Y. (1998); Peterson, P. 
M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia elata Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(8): 282. 

1893. T-ProtoL: Mexico: near Guadalajara, 1886, £. 
Palmer 770 [HT: US]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Jalisco: Guadalajara, Jul-Oct 1886, Edward Palmer 
770 [HT: US-81624; IT: LE, MO-2974305, MO- 

2974306]. 
= Muhlenbergia stricta (J. PresI) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia elegans (Kunth) Trin., Gram. UnilL Scsquifl. 

194, t. 5, f. 19. 1824. B^slonynv. Podosemum elegans 
Kunth. 
NOTE: basionym p. 194, comb in tab. 

CORRI'CT NAME: Muhlenbergia elegans var. subviridis 

Kuntze. 
= Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia elegans yar.atroyiolacea Kuntze, Revis. Gen. 

PL 3(3): 357. 1898. T-ProtoL: Bolivia, Kuntze, 
synlypes. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Bolivia: Tunarigebirge: 
3400 m, Kuntze [ST]. 2 of 2. Bolivia: Cochabamba 
3000 m, Kuntze [^T]. 
= Muhlenbergia rigida (Kuntii) Kunth. 



152 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; 11. 



Muhlenbergia clcgaus \aT.subyiridis Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PL 

3(3): 357. 1898. T-ProtoL: Bolivia: Tunarigcbirge: 
1600 m, Kimtze. 
RLPLACLD NAME: Muhlenbergia elegam (Kunth) Trin. 
= Muhlenbergia rigitla (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia el(»ii^ata Scribii. ex Bcal, Grass. N. Anicr. 2: 

251. 1896. T-Protol.: Mexico, /'n/zg/e ^./t. T-Spccim.: 
1 of 2, Mexico: Cliihuahua: rocky ledges near 
Chihuahua, Aug 1885, C.G. Pringle 398 [LT: US- 
746292; ILT: LE (2 sheets), MO-29741I8, TEX, US- 
78502, US-822891, US-1645960, US-746293, US- 
2959891], LI" designated by A.S. Hitchcock in Contr. 



Muhlenbergia criophylla Swallcn, Contr U.S. NatL Herb. 

29(9): 409. 1950. T-Protol.: Mexico: Mexico: in oak 
woods at l.uvianos, Tcmascaltepec, alt. 1100 m, 12 
May 1933, G.B. IlhUon 5307 [HT:IJS-1840917]. T- 
Specim.: ! of 1. Mexico: Mexico: Temascaltepec 
Dist., Luvianos P.G., 1100 m, 12 May 1933, G^. 
Ilinton 5307 [in. V^-lMOOll, IT: US-1867750]. 
DST.: Mexi, 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Scrna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 

Herrcra^Arrieta, Y. (1998), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 



U.S. Natl. Herb. 17: 302 (1913), without explicitly Muhlenbergia exilis E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 84. 1886. T- 



citing a specific herbarium. 2 of 2. Mexico, C.G. 
Pringle 3'^77 [ST]. 

DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A, (1977); Peterson, P. M. 

(2000). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia xerophila CO. Goodd. 

Muhlenbergia eludens C. Reeder, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 39: 

365. 1949. T'ProtoI.: Mexico: Minaca, in bed or rocky 
run, about 2100 m, 13 Oct l9\Q,Hitchcock 7768 [HT: 
US; IT: ARIZ, YU]. T-Specim.: I of 1. Mexico: 
Chihuahua: Minaca, 13 Oct 1910,^.5. Hitchcock 7768 
[HT: US-995423; IT: ARIZ, YU]. 
DST.: Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 
Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs- 
Reyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Peterson, P. 
M. & C R. Annable (1991), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia emersleyi Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb, 

3(1): 66. IS92. T-Protul.: USA: Southern Arizona, 
J.D. Emersley [HT: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
Arizona, 1890, J.Z). Emersley 46 [HT. US-73223]. 
DST.; Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); CorrcM, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 

Daike, R. (1999); Espcjo Serna, A., A, R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); Gould, !-. W. & 

R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock. A. S. (1951); McCIure, 
F. A. (1955), McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. 
(1975); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Shrcvc, F. & I. L. 
Wiggins (1964); Sodcrstrom, T. R. (1967). 
SYN.: Epicampcs distichophylla Vasey; Epicawpes 

emersleyi (Vasey) Hitchc; Epicampes subpalens 
Hilchc; Muhlenbergia gooddingii Soderstr; 
Muhlenbergia vaseyana Scribn, 

Muhlenbergia encrvis (Scribn. ex Beal) Hitchc, Contr. U.S. 



Natl 



Herb. 



17(3): 302. 1913. Basionym: 



Muhlenbergia gracilis var. encrv/^Scribn. ex Bcal. 
= Muhlenbergia montann (Nutt ) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia erecta J. Prcsl, Reliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 231. 

1830. T-ProtoL: Mexico: "Hab. in U^xizo\ Haenke 
s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, Ilacnke s.n. [HT: PR]. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAM I:: Muhlenbergia erecta Schreb. 
- Muhlenbergia implieata (Kunth) Trin. 



Specim.: I of 8. Mexico: secus rivos pr. Jalapa, 3000 
ft, et pr. Mirador 6500 ft, No\-Dcc,Guliom 5691 [ST: 
P; 1ST: US-87246 (fragm )]. 2 of 8. Absque loco, 
Bonpland [ST: P], 3 tif 8. Absque \oco. Liebmann 641 
[ST: P]. 4 of 8. Mexico: Orizaba, £o//. 1207 [ST: herb. 
Van Heurck]. 5 of 8. Mexico: Barranca pr. 
Cucrnavaca, Nov, Bowg. 1298 [ST: P]. 6 of 8. 
Mexico: Cordova, Dec, Bourg. 1665 [ST: P]. 7 of 8. 
Mexico: Consoquitia, L/e6///^v/;/; 642 [ST: PJ. 8 of 8. 
Mexico: Consoquitla, Liebmann 643 [ST: P]. 

NOTE: based on Muhlenbergia tenella Trin. as misapl. by 

Rupr. in Galiotli. 
= Muhlenbergia tenella (Kunth) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia expansa (Poir.) Trin., Gram. Unifl, Sesquifl. 

193. 1824. Basionym: Stipa expansa Poir. 
NOTE: comb, not made here. 
DST.; USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Fspcjo Scrna, 
- A., A. R. L6pez-Fcrrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 

Fernald, M, (1950); Godfrey, R. K. & J, W, Wooten 

(1979); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), Peterson, P. M. 

(2000); Radford, A. E., H. E. Abies & C R. Bell 

(196S); Small, J. K. (1933). 
SYN.: Agrostis arachnoides Poir.; Agrostis (richopodes 

Elliott, Cinna arachnoidea (Poir.) Kunth; 

Muhlenbergia arachnoidea Trin. ex Kunth; 

Muhlenbergia caespitosa Chapm.; Muhlenbergia 

capillaris var, (richopodes (Elliott) Vasey; 

Muhlenbergia trichopodes (Elliott) Chapm,; 

Podosemum purpurcum (P. Beau v.) P, Beauv.; 

Podosemum trichopodes (Elliott) Bush; Trichochlna 

expansa (Poir.) DC; Trichochloa purpurea P. 
Beauv.; Vilfa arachnoidea (Poir.) P. Bcauv. 

Muhlenbergia fascicidata Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 192, 

296, t. 5, f. 21. 1824. T-Prntol.: "borcali-Amer. sub 
nom. Agrostis debilis^\ T-Specim.: I of 1. North 
America, /i/30/3. [HT: LE?]. 
NOTE: "boreali-Amer. sub nom. Agrostis debilis (nee sane 

Poir)"; as "Muhlenbergia". 
= Muhlenbergia microsperma (DC) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia fastigiata (J. Prcsl) Hcnrard, Meded. Rijks- 

Herb. 40: 59. 192L B?is\onyrr\'. Sporobolus fastigiatus 
J. Presl. 
NOTE: as "Muchlcnbergia'* fastigiata. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Chil, Ecua, Peru. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Brako, L. & J, L. Zarucchi (1993); 

Foster, R. C (1958); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 
Maebride, J. F. (1936); Marticorena, C & M. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



15 






Quezada (1985); Malthci, O. (1984); Mordcn, C. W. 
& S. L. Hatch (1996); Peterson, R M. (2000); 
Renvoizc, S. A. (1998), Tovar, 6. (1993); Znloaga, 
F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, 0. 
Morronc, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 
SYN.: Sporobolus fastigiatus ] . Presl. 

Muhknbergia flliculniis Vascy, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

1(8): 267. 1893. T-Protol: USA: Colorado: El Paso 
Co.: sandy soil, Ute Pass, Green Mountains, 8500 ft 
alt., 2 Aug 1892, C5. Sheldon 32 J [HT: US]. T- 
Specini.: 1 of 1. USA: Colorado, El Paso Co., 2 Aug 
1892, CS. Sheldon 321 [HT: US-81618]. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Cronquist, A., 

A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal 
(1977); Herrera-Arrieta. Y. (1998), Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951);Petcrsoii, P.M. (2000). 

Midilcnbergiafilicuhnis M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 14: 12. 

1912. T-ProloL: USA: New Mexico: Plaza I.arga, 
Bigelow 778, Whipple Exped. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. superfl.; based on ''Vilfa fdiculmis 

Thurber" nom. inval. as syn. Sporobolus; basis ofS. 
Thurberi Scribii. which is the basionym of M 
thurben (Scribn.) Rydb. 
E. NAME: Muhlenbergiafdicidmis Vasey. 
CORRECT NAME: Muhknbergia thurberi (Scribn.) Rydb. 
= Muhlenbergia thurberi (Scribn.) Rydb. 

Mublcnbergia filiformis (Thurb, ex S. Watson) Rydb., Bull. 

Torrcy Bot. Club 32(11): 600. 1905. Basionym: F/7> 
depauperala w^r./diformisThurb. ex S. Watson. 
DST-: Cana, Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Cronquisl, A., A. 

H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977) 
Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Great Plains Flora 
Association (1986); Hickman, J. C. (1993) 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Hitchcock, C. L., A 
Cronquist, M. Ow^nbcj' & J. W. Thompson (1969) 
Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. A 

(1974); Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annable (1991) 

Peterson, P. M. (2000); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 [1979]). 

SYN.: Muhlenbergia aristulata Rydb.; Muhlenbergia 

fdijonnis var. fortis E.ll. Kelso; Muhlenbergia 
idahoensis H. St. Jolin; Muhlenbergia simplex 

arista f us Rydb.; 

Beal: 



(Scribn.) R>db.; Sporobolus 



Sporobolus depaupcratus var. fdiformis 
Sporobolus fdiformis (Thurb. ex S. Watson) Rydb.; 
Sporobolus gracdlimus (Thurb. ex S. Watson) Vascy; 
Sporobolus simplex Scribn.] Sporobolus simplex var. 
diermale Merr.; Vilfa depauperata var. fdiformis 
Thurb. ex S. Watson; Vilfa gracillima Thurb. ex S. 
Watson. 

Muhlenbergia fdiformis var. fortis E.H. Kelso, Rhodora 

38(452): 298. 1936. 
REPLACED NAME: Sporobolus simplex Scribn. 
= Muhlenbergia nhformis (Thurb. ex S. Watson) Rydb. 

Muhlenbergia ftlipes M.A. Curtis, Amcr. J. Sci. Arts 44: 83. 

1843. T-Protol.: USA: "Habitat, sandy soil of the sea 
islands of North Carolina; also East Florida.". T- 
Specim.: I of L USA: North Carolina: Sea islands,M 
A. Curtis sjL [HT: GH?; IT: NY, US (fragm. & 
photostat ex NY)]. 



= Muhknbergia sericea (Michx.) P.M, Peterson. 

Muhlenbergia firma Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 243. 1896. T- 

Protok: Mexico; Oaxaca, Pn>7g/^ 4914. T-Specim.: 1 
of L Mexico: state of Oaxaca: near M. Palincri, 
summit ledges, Sierra de San Felipe, 10500 ft, 18 Sep 
1894, C,G. Fringle 4914 [HT: MSC; IT: LE, MO- 
2974120, US-746252, US-822866, US-250841]. 
= Muhlenbergia dubia E. Fourn. 

Muhlenbergia flabcllata Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni 

Veg. 17: 213. 1921. T-Protol.: Costa Rica: Cerro de 
Bueno Vista, Pittier 3372. T-Specim.: 1 of L Costa 
Rica: San Jos6; Cerro de Bueno Vista, 3000 m, 19 Jan 
1891, H. Pittier 3372 [HT: B; IT: LE, US-5771 10]. 
DST.:CoRi, Pana. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. 

Chater (cditores generalcs) (1994); Herrera-Arrieta, 
Y. "(1998); Peterson, P. M. (2000), Pohl, R. W. 
(1980), Rceder,C.G. (1994). 

Muhlenbergia flavida Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(8): 

282. 1893. T-Prolol.: Mexico: Rio Blanco, I886,£. 
Palmer 645 [HT: US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Jalisco: Rio Blanco, Jun-Oct 1886, £. Palmer 645 
[HT; US-81623; IT: K, LE, MO-2974124, NY, P, US- 
822896, US-995427]. 
DST.:Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), Espejo Scnia, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. & C R. 

Annable (1991), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia flavida UNRANKED strictior (Scribn. ex 

Beal) Hitchc, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 17(3): 290. 
1913. Basionym: Muhlenbergia strictior Scribn. ex 

Beal. 
NOTE: trinomial. 
= Muhlenbergia strictior Scribn. ex Beal. 

Muhlenbergia flaviseta Scribn., U.S.D.A. Div. Bot. Bull. 8: 

11, t. 7. 1897. T-Protol. : Mexico: found at Dos 
Cajetes, 30 mi nearly west from Durango, on the road 
to Otinapa, all. 8500 ft, among pines and oaks, 23 Oct 
1896 1896,£. Palmer 834.1 -S\^^iz\m.\ 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Durango: collected at the cily of Durango and vicinity, 
Dos Cajetes, Apr-Nov 1896,£. Palmer 834 [HT: US- 
81622; IT: LE, MO-2974125, US-476I82, US- 
746184]. 

DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Ilerrera-Arrieta, Y. (1998); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia llexuosa Hitchc, Contr U.S. Natl. Herb 

24(8): 388. 1927. T-Protol. : Peru: at summit of rocky 
crest, Huacachi Estacion near Muna, alt. 2000 m. 20 
May-1 Jun 1923, J. F. Macbride 3874 [HT: F- 
534937]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Peru: Huacachi: Muna, 20 
May-1 Jun 1923, J. Francis Macbride 3874 [HT: F- 
534937, IT; LE, US-1256339, F-050164]. 

DST.: Peru. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



154 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; IL 



AI SO ACCPTD. BY: Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Macbride, 

J. F. (1936); Peterson. P. M. (2000); Tovar, 6. 
(1993). 

Muhlenbergia foliosa (liort. ex Rocm. & Schult.) Trin., 

Gram. Unin. Sesquifl. 190, 297. 1824. nasionym: 
Agrosiisfuliosa hort. ex Rocni. & Schult. 

NOTE: as "Miihlcnbcrgia". 

= Muhlenbergia mc\icana var. filiformis (Terr.) Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia foliosa fo. anihigua (Torr.) Wiegand, Rliodora 

26(301): 1. 1924. B^isionym: Mi/hlenbergia ambigua 
Torr. 

= Muhlejil)cr{5ia nicxicstna var. filiformis (Torr.) Scribn 

Muhlenbergia foliosa subsp. ambigua (Torr.) Scribn., 

Rhodora 9(98): 20. 1907. Y^^dsionym: Muhlenbergia 
ambigua Torr. 

= Muhlenbergia nicxicana var. fllirorinis (Torr.) Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia foliosa suhsp. setiglumis (S. Watson) Scribn., 

Rliodora 9(98): 20. 1907. Bimonym: Muhlenbergia 
sylvatica var. setiglumis S. Watson. 
= Miihleabergia inexicana var. filir<>rmis (Torr.) Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia founiieriana Ilitchc, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 

23(10): 453. 1933. 
Rl:PLACED NAME: Epicampes berlandieri E, Fourn. 
BLOCKING NAMi:: Muhlenbergia berlandieri Trin. 
= Muhk'nhcrgia robusta (E. Fnurn.) Ilitchc. 

Muhlenbergia fragilis Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

29(4): 206. 1947. T-Protol.: USA; Texas: Brewster 
Co.: Sunny Glen, west of Alpine, 29 Sep 1935, fi.//. 
Warnock 235. T-Specini.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas: 
Bicwstcr Co.: Sunny Glen, W of Alpine, 29 Sep 1935, 
B.IL fVarnock 235 [HT: US-IS29290; IT: Gil]. 
DST.: Mcxi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPIC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A 

(1977); Brccdiove, 0. E. (1986); Correll, D. S. & M 
C- Johnston (1970); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A 
O. Chater (editores generates) (1994); Gould, I-. W 
& R. Moran (1981); Hickman, J. C. (1993) 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); McVaugh, R. (1983) 
Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annable (1991); Peterson, P 
M. (2000); Recder, C. G. (1994); Shreve, F. & I. L 
Wig<^ins(1964). 

MnhlonbtMgia frondosa (Poir.) Fernald, Rhodora 45(534): 

235, pi. 750. 1943. Basionym: Agrosiis frondosa Poir. 
DST.:Cana,USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Correll, D. S. Sl 

M. C. Johnston (1970), Fernaki, M. (1950); Gleason, 
11. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1991); Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wooten 
(1979), Great Plains Flora Association (!986); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Peterson, P. M. (2000); 
Radford, A. E., II. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell (1968); 

Schwcgman, John E. (1991); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 
LI979J}. 

SYN.: Agrostis frondosa \\n):.\ Agrosiis laterijlora Michx.; 

Calaniagrosiis compressa Doll; Cinna lateriflora 

(Michx.) Kunth; Muhlenbergia brachyphylla fo. 

aristata E.J. Palmer & Stcycrm.; Muhlenbergia 

lateriflora Trin. ex Kunth; Vitfa lateriflora (Michx.) 
P. Beauv. 



Muhlenbergia frondosa fo. comniutata (Scribn>) Fernald, 

Rhodora 45(534): 



235. 



1943. 



Basionym: 



Muhlenbergia mexicana subsp. commutala Scribn. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Fernald, M. (1950); Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1951); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 [1979J); Voss, E. G. 

(1972). 

SYN.: Muhlenbergia commutata (Scribn.) Bush; 

Muhlenbergia mexicana fo. commutata (Scribn.) 
W\Qgm\d', Muhlenbergia mexicana suhsp, commutata 
Scribn.; Muhlenbergia mexicana var. commutata 
(Scribn.) Fanv. 

Muhlenbergia frondosa (Poir.) Fernald fo. frondosa. 

DST.:Cana,USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Fernald, M. (1950); Scoggan, H. J. 

(1978 [1979]). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia diffusa vnr.attenuata (Scribn.) Farw.; 

Ahihlenbergia sylvatica fo. attenuata (Scribn.) E.J. 

Palmer & Steyerm.; Muhlenbergia umbrosa fo. 

attenuata (Scribn.) Deam; Muhlenbergia umbrosa 

subsp, attenuata Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia gigantea (E. Fourn.) Ilitchc, N. Amcr. Fl. 

17(6): 460. 1935. Vt^s\onyxx\\ Epicampes gigantea E. 
Fourn. 

DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Brecdlove, D. 

E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chater 
(editores gcncrales) (1994); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Rcedcr, 
C G. (1994); Soderslrom, T. R. (1967). 

SYN.; Epicampes bourgcaei var. mutica E. Fourn.; 

Epicampes ehrenbergii Mez; Epicampes expansa E, 
Fourn.; Epicampes expansa E, Fourn. ex Hemsl.; 
Epicampes gigantea E. Trourn., Epicampes gigarttea 

E. Fourn. ex Hemsl.; Epicampes laxiuscula E. 
Fourn.; Epicampes laxiuscula E. Fourn. ex IIcmsL; 

Muhlenbergia alta Ilitchc; Muhlenbergia magna 
Ililchc 

Muhlenbergia glabrata (Kunth) Trin., Gram UnitT Sesquill. 

194, t. 5, f. 20. 1824. Basionym: Podosemum 

glabratum Kunth. 
NOTE: basionym p. 194, comb, in tab. 
= Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia glabrinora Scribn., Rhodora 0(98): 22-23. 
' 1907. T-Protol.: USA: Texas, J. Reverchon 5 [HT: US- 
81621]. 

NOTE:"as"glabrinuris". 
DST.: Mcxi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: !. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Correll, D. S. & 

M. C Johnston (1970); Fernald, M. (1950); Gleason, 

H. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. 

Cronquist (1991); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Peterson, 

P. M. (2000). 

Mulilenbergfa ghuica (Nees) B.D. Jacks., Index Kew. 2: 

269. 1895- Basionym: Podosemum glaucum Nees. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. (2000). 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



155 



SYN.: Agrostis glauca (Nees) fiiQud.', Muhlenbergia glauca 

(Nees) Mez; Muhleubergia huacbucana Vasey; 
Miihlenbcrgia kmmonii Scribn,; Podosemum 
glaucum Nccs. 

Muhlenbergia glauca (Nees) Mez, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni 

Veg. 17; 214. 1921. ^?(S\OY[yw\\ Podosemum glaucum 
Nees. 

NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Muhlenbergia glauca (Nees) B.D. Jacks. 

= Mnhlcnbcrgii^ ghiiica (Nees) B.D. Jacks. 

Muhlenbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin., Grain. Unifl. 



USA: Arizona: Pima Co.: Baboquivari Mountains, 
can>on north of Moristo Canyon, steep north-facing 
slopes, elev. 4000 ft, 19 Nov 1945, i.M Goodding 
462-45 [IIT: YU; IT: ARIZ, MO-5073874, NY, IJS- 
2550348]. 
= Muhlenbergia cmerslcyi Vasey. 

Muhlenbergia gracilis (Kunth) Trin., Gram. UniH. Sesquifl. 

193, t. 5a, f. 6. 1824. Basionyuv. Podoseruum gracile 
Kunth. 
NOTE, basionym p. 193, comb, in lab. 
= Muhlenbergia quadrideiitata (Kunlh) Trin. 



Sesuuifl. 191, 297, t. 5, f. 10. 1824. Basionym: Muhlenbergia gracilis var. breviarislaia Vasey, Cat. PI. 54. 



Polypogon glomerahis Willd. 
NOTE: as "Muhlenbergia". 
DST: Cana,USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Cody, W. J, (1996); Cronquist, A., 

A. 11. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal 

(1977); Fernald, M. (1950); Gleason, H. A. & A. 

Cronquist (1991); Godfrey, R K. & J, W. Woolen 

(1979), Greal Plains Flora Association (1986); 

Hilchcock, A. S. (1951); Hulten, E. (1968); Moss, E. 

H. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Radford, A. E., H. 

E. Ahles & C. R. Bel] (1968); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 



[1979]), Voss, E- G. (1972); Welsh, S. L. (1974). 



S^T^.: Alopecurus glomcratus (Willd.) 



Poir.; 



Dactylogramma cinnoides Link; Mulilenbergia 
calycina (Trin.) Trin.; Muhlenbergia glomerata var. 
cinnoides (Link) l-.J. Herm.; Muhlenbergia 
glomerata var. glomerata; Muhlenbergia racemosa 
subsp. violacea Scribn.; Muhlenbergia racemosa var. 
cinnoides (Link) B. Boivin; Muhlenbergia setosa 
(Biehlcr) Trin. ex B.D. JdiCks.] Muhlerrhergia setosa 
var. cinnoides (Link) Fernald; Podosemum 
glomeratum (Willd.) Link; Polypogon glomcratus 
Willd.; Polypogon setosus Biehlcr; Trichochloa 
calycina Trin.; Trichochloa glomerata (Willd.) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia glomerata var. brevifolia Vasey, Bot. Gaz. 7; 

92. 1882. T-ProtoL: USA: Collected in S. E. 

California, /'i^ra//. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: California, 

San Bernardino Co., 15 Aug 1882,5.5. Parish, IV R 

Parish 102S[HT: US-8I620]. 
CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia californica Vasey, 
= Muhlenbergia californica Vasey. 

Muhleubergia glomerata var. cinnoides (Link) F.J. Herm., 

Rhodora 48: 64. 1946. Basionym: Dactylogramma 
cinnoides Link. 
= Muhlenbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin. 



Muhlenbergia glomerata (W^illd.) Trin. var. glomerata. 
= Muhlenbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia glomerata var. ramosa Vasey, Descr. Cat. 

Grass. U.S. 40. 1885. T-Prolol.: USA, synlypes. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Illinois / Colorado / Montana, 
no date, G./?. Vasey s.n. [ST: US-994606]. 
= Muhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Brillon, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Muhlenbergia gooddingii Sodcrstr., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

34(4): 115. 1967. T-ProtoL: USA; Pima Co.: collected 
in canyon north of Moristo Canyon, Baboquivari 
Mountains, alt. 4000 ft, 19 Nov 1945, i.M Goodding 
462-45 [in. YU; IT; ARIZ, NY]. T-Specim.: 1 of L 



1874. T-Protol.: USA: Colorado: Twin Lakes: 1873, 
Wolf 1090. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Colorado, 1873, 
J. Wolfe 1090 [IT: US-81619], Also in Rothrock, J. T., 
Catalogue 284. 1878. 1098 given as collection number. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia subalpina Vasey. 
= Muhlenbergia montana (Null.) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia gracilis \m.enervis Scribn. ex Beat, Grass. N. 

Amer, 2: 242. 1896. T-Prolol.; Mexico: Chihuahua, 
Pringle 1413. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Mexico; Cliihuahua, 
7 Oct 1887,CC. Pringle 1413 [HT; US-995814]. 2 of 
2. Mexico: Chihuahua: Sierra Madre, dry ledges, 

Pringle 1413 [T]. 
= Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia gracilis var. major Vasey, Rep. U.S. Geogr. 

Surv., Wheeler 6: 284. 1878. T-Protoi.: USA: Arizona, 
744 [Rothrock Exped.J. T-Specim.; 1 of 1. USA: 
Arizona, Sep 1874, J.T. Rothrock 744 [IT: US- 
995 1 40], Also in Rothrock, J. T. Catalogue 284. 1 878. 
= Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia gracillima Torr., Pacif Railr. Rep. 4: 155. 

1857. T-Protol.: USA; Texas: "Llano Estacado, and 
near the Antelope hills of the Canadian River, Sep, 2 
syntypes. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: Texas: Llano 
Estacado, I853-1854,y.M BigelowsJt [ST; NY; 1ST: 
US (fragm. ex NY)]. 2 of 2. USA: Texas: Antelope 
Hills, 1853-1854, J..\/ Bigelow s.n. [ST: NY; 1ST: US 

(fragm. ex NY )]. 
= Muhlenbergia torrcyi (Kunlh) Hitchc. ex Bush. 

Muhlenbergia grandis Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(8); 

283. 1893. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. Mexico: Jalisco: Rfo 
Blanco, Jiin-Oct I886,£. Palmer 515 [LT; US-73222; 
ILT: LE, MO-1837830, US-822914], LT designated 
by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 17(3): 301 
(1913), but without specifying a specific sheet; also by 
Sodcrstrom, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb 34: 161 (1967), 
who designated a specific sheet (as type). 2 of 3. 
Mexico: Jalisco, 1888, C.G. Pringle 1760 [ST: US]. 3 
of 3. Mexico: Jalisco: Rio Blanco, l^^Gy E.Palmer 
515A [1ST: US-999059, US-822915]. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000); 

Sodcrstrom, T.R. (1967). 
SYN.: Epicampes bourgeaei var. grandis (Vasey) M.E. 

Jones; Epicampes grandis (Vasey) BeaL 

Muhlenbergia gypsophila Recdcr & C. Reedcr, Madrono 

18: 186. 1966. T-Specim.; 1 of I. Mexico: Nuevo 



156 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



Leon, 30 Oct 1964, J.R. Reeder et al 3963 [IT: US- 
2524092]. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhienbergia herzogiana Henrard, Mcdcd, Rijks-Herb, 40: 

58. 192L T-Protol.: Bolivia: Zwerggras auf 
Schiefcrschutt am Ufer eines Glazialtumpcls 
(Cordillera Santa Benito), 4000 m, Jun 1911, T. 
Herzog 2226 [HT: L]. T-Specim.: 1 of L Bolivia: 
Cordillera de Santa Bonita, Jun 191 l,T. Herzog 2226 
[HT: L; IT; US-87248 (fragm. ex L), US-1 161342]. 

NOTL: as "Muehkiibergia". 

= Muhienbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) SteuJ. 

Muhienbergia hintonii Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

29(9): 409. 1950. T-ProtoI.: Mexico: Mexico: in 
meadow, Cruccro, Tcmascaltcpec, alt, 2880 m, 30 Dec 

1932, GB. Hinton 3059 [H T: US-1 840838]. 
DST.: Mcxi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1, 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Cspejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhienbergia hohvayorum Hitclic, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

24(8): 389. 1927. T-Protol.: Bolivia: collected at 
Soratn, 16 Apr 1920,£ff.D. llohvay & MM Hohvay 
530 [UJ: US-1 108445]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Bolivia: 
Sorata, 16 Apr 1920, E.W.D. Hoi way et al. 530 [HT: 
US-1 108445]. 
= Miilileiibt'rgin rigida (Kiintli) Kunlh. 

Muhienbergia huachucana Vasey, Contr. U.S, Natl. Herb. 

3(1): 69. 1892. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona: Huachuca 
Mts., J.G Lenunon, T-Specim.: 1 of I. USA: Arizona, 

Jul l882,y.G. Lenwion79I5[UT\ US-816171. 
= Muhienbergia glauca (Nees) B.D. Jacks. 

Muhienbergia idahoensis H. St. John, Fl. S. E, Washington 

50. 1937. T-Protol.: USA: Idaho: meadow along creek, 
4500 ft., Zaza, Craig Mts. Nez Perce Co.: 9 Oct 1927, 
Si. John 90S5 [HT: WSU]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
Idaho: Nez Perce Co.: Zaza, Craig Mts., 1372 m, 9 Oct 

1927, St. John 90S5 [HT: WSU; IT: US-34I2355 

(fragm.)]. 
= Muhienbergia filiformis(Thurb. ex S. Watson) Rydb. 

Muhienbergia im plica ta (Kunlh) Trin., Gram. Unill. 

Sesquifl. 193: t. 5a, f 26. 1824. Basionym: 
Podosemum implicatum Kunth. 
NOTE: basionym p. 193. comb, in tab. 
DST.: Colo, CoRi, ElSa, Guat, Hond, Mcxi, Nica, Pana, 

Vene. 
LVL, ACCPTC: 1, 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Davidse, 

G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Cluilcr (cditores generales) 

(1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); McCIurc, F. A. (1955); 

McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. & C. R. 

Annabic (1991); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Reeder, C. 

G.(1994). 
SYN.: Agrostis iniplicata (Kunth) Spreng.; Mulilenbergia 

erecta J . Presl ; Muhienbergia iniplicata (Kunth) 



Kunth; Podosemum implicatum Kunlh, Trichochioa 
implicata (Kunth) Rocm. & Schult. 

Muhienbergia implicata (Kunth) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 

63. 1829. Basionym: Podosemum implicatum Kunth. 
NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Muhienbergia implicata (Kunth) Trin. 
= Muhienbergia implicata (Kunth) Trin. 

Muhienbergia inaequalis Soderstr., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb, 

34(4): 142. 1967. T-Protol.: Venezuela: Trujillo: 
collected in Quebrada de Durf, II Nov 1939, A. 
Mueller 913 [HT: US-2380325, IT: VEN]. T-Specim.: 
I of 1. Venezuela: Trujillo. 11 Nov \939,A.S. Midler 
973 [HT: US-2380325; IT: MO-fragm., VEN]. 

DST.: Colo, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. (2000); Soderstrom, 

T. R. (1967). 

Muhienbergia inxoluta Swallcn. 
= Muhienbergia x involuta Swallcn. 

Muhienbergia x involuta Swallen (pro sp.), Amer, J. Bot. 

19(5): 436, f 2. 1932. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: 
collected in draws in hills, 20 mi. northeast of San 
Antonio, 10 Oct 1931, W.A. Silveus 358 [HT: US- 
1501595]. T-Specim.: I of I. USA: Texas: Bexar Co., 
10 Oct \92\JV.A. Silxeus358{\{T. HT: US-1501595; 
IT: US-1501594, US-3215628, US-3278410]. 
NOTE: possibly hybridogcnic [M. lindheimeri x M 

reverchonii] according to Corrcll & Johnston, p. 232 
Man. Vase. PI. Texas (1970). 
DST.: USA. 

LVL ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Corrcll. D. S. & 

M. C Johnston (1970), Darke, R. (1999), Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1951); Peterson, P. M. (2000), Suderstiom, T. 
R. (1967). 

SYN.: Muhienbergia involuta Swallcn. 

Muhienbergia iridifolia Soderstr., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

34(4): 145. 1967. T-Protol.: Mexico: Jalisco: steep 
mountains 11-12 mi S of Talpa de Allende, in the 
headwaters of a west branch of Rio de Talpa. barranca 
above a rapid clear stream, in dense forest of Quercus, 
Carpi nus, Distylium, Magnolia, Podocarpus, with pine 
forest on the ridges above, abundant in the pine forest, 
in clumps, inflorescence purple, alt. 1200-1700 m, 23- 

25 Nov \9bQ,McVaugh 21313 [HT: MICH; IT: US]. 

T-Spccim.: I of 1. Mexico: Jalisco, 25 Nov 1960,/^. 

McVaugh 21313 [HT: MICH; IT: US-2432724, US- 

2960226]. 
DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

McVaugh, R, (1983), Peterson, P. M. (2000); 

Soderstrom, T. R. (1967). 

Muhienbergia jaime-hintonii P.M. Peterson & Valdes- 

Rcyna, Sida 18(3): 686, f 1. 1999. T-Protol.: Mexico: 
Nuevo Lc6n: Municipio General Zaragoza: La Joya, 
Cuesta BInnca, approximately 15 km of Arambcrri on 
road towards Zaragoza 23^59' 37.r'N-99^47'38.7'AV, 
I345in, 31 Oct 1998, J Valdes-Reyna & MA. 
Carranza Perez 2560 [HT: ANSM; IT: US]. T- 
Spccini.: 1 of L Mexico: Nuevo Le6n: La Joya, Cuesta 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



157 



Mexico: La Chuparosa, 17 Oct \i92, Brandegee 74 
[LT: UC; ILT: US (fragm. ex UC)], LT designated by 
A.S. Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 17: 298 
(1913). A Pringle collection is also cited in the 
Scribner's protologue, without the two collections 
being clearly distinguished as types, except in the 
context of the title of the article. 2 of 2. Mexico: 
Chihuahua: Cool slopes of Sierra Madre, 2286 to 2591 
m, 23 Sept 1887,C.G. Pringle 1412 [1ST: US-822919, 

US-91919 (fragm. ex UC)]. 

- = Muhlcnbcrgia mucronata (Kunth) Trin. 

32-35, f 5. 1958 [1959]. T-Protol.: Mexico: Jalisco: 

Sierra dc Manantlan, 15-20 mi SE of Aytlan, on the Muhlcnbcrgia lehmanniana Hcnrard, Meded. Rijks-Herb. 

40: 59. 1921. T-Protol.: Colombia: prob. prope 
Popayan, Lehmann 1267 [HT: L]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Colombia: Popayan?, Le/7/»a/7/7 1267 [HT: L-908.350- 
519; IT: US-72979 (fragm. ex L), US-72977 (fragm. 



Blanca, approximately 15 km dc Arramberri Rumba a 
Zaragoza, 3 1 Oct 1998, J. Valdes-Reyna & 
M.A.Cananza Perez 2560 [IT: US-3377556, US- 

3377557]. 
DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Scrna. A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Peterson, P. M. 
& J. Valdes-Reyna (1999). 

Muhlcnbei^ia jaliscana Swallen, Bol. Soc. Bot. Mexico 23: 



bajada S and W of the divide between Aserradero San 
Miguel Uno and Durazno, 1700 m, 7 Nov 1952, on the 
steep west-facing slope in pine forest, 7 Nov 1952, 
McVaugh 13991 [HT: US-21 18498]. T-Specim.: 1 of 
I. Mexico: Jalisco; Sierra de Manantlan, 15-20 mi SE 
of Aytlan, on the bajada S and W of the divide 
between Aserradero San Miguel Uno and Durazno, alt. 
1700 m, 7 Nov 1952,/?. McVaugh 13991 [HT: US- 
21 18498]. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); McVaugh, R. 
(1983);Peterson, P.M. (2000). 

Mnhlenbergia japonica Steud., Syn, PI. Glumac. 1: 422. 



ex L), US-72978 (fragm. ex K)]. 
NOTE: as '^Muehlenbcrgla Lehmanniana". 
DST.: Venc. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse. G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. 

Chater (editores generates) (1994); Jorgensen, P. M. 

& S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) (1999); Peterson. P. M. 

(2000); Pohl, R, W. (1980), Reedcr, C. G. (1994); 

Soderstrom, T. R. (1967). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia aticmiata Swallcn; Mnhlenbergia 

multmodis Aspl. 



~ - pimt »- w- m^ -— — Ji — ' — J 

1854. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Japan^P.F. von Sicbold s.n. Muhlenbergia levwwniiScnhn., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(2); 
r|-ix; L]^ 56. 1890. T-Spccim.: ! of 2. USA: Arizona, L^wow 



NOTE: known only from cultivation. 

DST.; USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated, introduced. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY; Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia jonesii (Vasey) Hitchc, Fl. Calif 1: 111. 

1912. Basionym: Sporobolus jonesii \d&ty . 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD- BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Herrera-Arrieta, 

Y. (1998); Hickman, J. C (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. 

(1951); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Reck (1959); Peterson, 

P. M. (2000). 
S^'N.: Sporobolus jonesii Vasey. 

Muhlenbergia lanata (Kunth) Hitchc, N. Amer. Fl. 17; 459. 

1935. Basionym: Agrostis lanata Kunth. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia pubcsccns (Kunth) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia lateriflora Trin. ex Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 207. 

1833. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Cinna lateriflora Kunth. 
= Muhlenbergia frondosa (Poir.) Fernald. 

Muhlcnberuia laxa Hitchc, N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 445, 1935. 

T-ProtoL: Mexico: Orizaba: in moist places: October, 
Botteri 1259 [HT; US-822840]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Orizaba, M Botteri 1259 [HT; US-822840]. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Peterson, P. M. 

(2000). 

Muhlenbergia laxijlora Scribn., Zoe 4(4): 389. 1894. T- 

Protol.: Mexico; Baja California Sur: La Chuparosa: 
17 Oct 1893, Brandegee 74. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. 



and wife 2918 [LT: US-7461 1 1 ; ILT: US-994769, US- 
994778, US-7461 13], Lectotypilied by A, S. 
Hitchcock, North American Flora 17(pt. 6); 449. 1935. 
2 of 2. USA: Texas: Runnels Co.; Ballinger, G.C. 

Nealleyi^i:]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia glauca (Nccs) B.D. Jacks, 

Muhlenbergia leptoura (Piper) Hitchc, N. Amer. Fl. 17(6); 

468 1935. B?is\Qwyvs\'. Epicampes leptoura V\\i^x. 
= Muhlenbergia rigens(Bcnth.) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia ligularis (Hack.) Hitchc, Contr. U.S. Nat!. 

Herb. 24(8): 388. 1927. Basionym; Sporobolus 
ligularis Hack. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Colo, Ecua, Gnat, Peru, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993) 

Foster, R. C (1958); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927) 
Jorgensen, P. M. & C Ulloa U. (1994); Jorgenscn, P 
M. & S. Leon-Yancz (eds.) (1999); Macbride, J. F 
(1936); Peterson, P. M. & C R. Annabic (1991) 
Peterson, P. M. (2000); Renvoize, S. A. (1998) 
Tovar, 6. (1993); Young, K. R. 8l B. Leon (1990); 
Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Riigolo de 
Agrasar, O. Morronc, J. Pcnsicro & A. M. Cialdella 

(1994). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia breviculmis Swallen; Muhlenbergia 

calcicola Swallen; Muhlenbergia minuscula H. 
Scholz; Sporobolus ligularis Hack.; Sporobolus 
ligularis Hack, ex Sodiro. 

Muhlenbergia ligulata (E. Fourn.) Scribn. & Merr., Bull. Div 

AgrostoL, U.S.D.A. 24: 19. 1901. Basionym: 
Chaboissaea ligulata E. Fourn. 
= Chaboissaea ligulata E. Fourn. 



158 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



i\IulilcnE)ergia lindhcimcri liitclic, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 

24(7): 291. 1934. T-Protol.: USA: Texas, 1S47, F, 
Lmdheimcr 725 [IIT: US-998949]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: Texas, 1847, f. Lindhcmer 725 [\\1. US- 
998949; IT: F, GH, MO, UC, US-998947]. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

AI SO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Corrcll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970), 
Darke, R. (1999); Espejo Sema, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Re> na (2000), Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951), Peterson, P. M. (2000); Sodcrstroni, T. R. 
(1967). 
SYN.: Eptcampes gracilis Jfin. 

MuhluHbergia lofigifolia Vasey, Conlr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(8): 

283. 1893. T-Protol.: Mexico: Rio Blanco, 1886,£. 
Palmer 523 [IIT: US]. T-Specini.: I of 1. Mexico: 
Jalisco: Rio Blanco, 1886./:. Palmer 523 [HT: US- 
995747; IT: MO-2947307]. 
= Muhienbergia stricta (J. Prcsl) Kunth. 

Muhlcnbergia longiglumis Vasc}', Contr. U.S. Natk Herb. 

1(8): 283. 1893. T-Spccim': 1 of 2. Mexico: Jalisco: 
Guadalajara, Jul-Oct 1886, E. Palmer 766 [LT: US- 
2383429; ILT: LC, MO-1 837829, US-822922, US- 
995812], LT designated by Hitchcock, Contr. U.S. 
Natl. Herb. 17(3): 301 (1913), but without specifying a 
slicct; also by Soderstrom, Conlr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 
34(4): 166 (1967), who did specify a specific sheet. 2 

of 2. Mexico: Jalisco: Guadalajara, 1889,CG. Pringle 
2365 [ST: MO- 1837828, US]. 

DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M, (2000); 
Soderslroin, T. R. (1967). 

iMuhlcnbcrgia longiligula llitchc, Aincr. J. Bot. 21(3): 136. 

1934. 

RLPLACED NAME: Epicampos ligulata Scribn ex 

Vasey. 

BLOCKING NAMF: MuhkMibergia ligulata (E, Fourn.) 

Scribn. & Merr. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); Hitchcock, A, S. (1951); 

Peterson, P. M (2000), Soderstrom, T. R. (1967). 
SYN.: Eptcampes anomala Scribn. ex Beal; Eptcampes 

distichophylla var. mutica Scribn.; Eptcampes 

ligulata Scribn. ex Vasey; Eptcampes stricta var. 

mutica (Scribn.) M.E. ior\cs\ Mclica anomala Scribn. 

ex Beal. 

Muhienbergia longiseta Benth., PI. Harlw. 28. 1840. T- 

Prutol.: Mexico: Ad fossas, Aguas Calientes, //arMi-eg 
248. T-Specim.: 1 of I. Mexico: Aguascalientes: ad 
fossas, Aguas Calicntes, Uartweg 248 [HT: K; IT: K, 
NY. P, US-91927 (fragm. ex W)]. 
= Muhk'nborgia temiifolia (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhienbergia lucida Swallen, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 26(5): 

208. 1936. T-Protol. : Mexico: Chihuahua: on ledges of 
igneous rock, Barranca Island, Sierra Gazachic, 2300- 
2500 m, 35 km SW of Minaca, 16-17 Sep 1934,F fF. 



Penned 18955 [HT: US-1614380]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico; Chihuahua. 16 Sep 1934-17 Sep \9ZA,FAV. 

/*e™c//y5955[HT: US-1614380, IT: US-1614381]. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Peterson, P. M. & Y, Herrcra A. (1995); Peterson, P. 

M. (2000). 



Muhienbergia lycuroides Vasey ex Beal, Grass. N. Amcr, 2 



239. 1896. T-Protol.: Mexico, /W/n^r 489, T-Specim. 
1 of 1. Mexico: Jalisco: Guadalajara, Jul-Oct 1S86,£. 
Palmer 489 [HT: MSC; IT: LE, MEXU, MO-2972929, 
NY, P, US-822925, US-81642]. 
NOTE: as Muhienbergia "lycurioides"', as nom. nud. in 



Vasey 1887. 

s phalaroidcs Kunth. 



= Lye 



Muhienbergia macrotis (Pipci) Hitchc, N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 

463. 1935. Basionym: Epicampes tnacrotisPyper. 
- Muhienbergia robusta (E. Fourn.) Ilitciic. 

Muhienbergia macroura (Kunth) llitchc, N. Amcr. Fl. 



17(6): 468. 1935. Basionjm; Crypsis macroura Kunth. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Breedlove, D. 

E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A, O. Chater 
(editores generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J, Valdes-Reyna (2000); McCliire, 

F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983), Peterson, P. M. 
(2000);Recdcr, CG. (1994). 

SYN.: Cinmi macroura (Kunth) Y^wnWr, Cimui setifolia (J. 

Presl) Kunth; Crypsinna macroura (Kunth) E. 
Fourn.; Crypsinna setifolia (J. Presl) E. Fourn.; 
Crypsis macroura Kunth: Crypsis setifolia J. Presl; 
Eptcampes macroura (Kunth) ]it\\i\\.\Muehlenbergia 
macroura (Kualh) Hitchc; Phleum macrourum 

(Kunlh) Willd. ex Steud. 

Muhienbergia madrcnsis M.E. Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 14; 12. 

1912. T-Prolol.: Mexico: Chihuahua: In meadows. 
Round Valley near Garcia, Sierra Madrc Mts., Sept. 
21, 1903, [M.E, Jones] 7315. T-Specim.: I of L 
Mexico: Cliihuahua, 17 [21] Sep 1903, Co/A Vkn. 
(731 5 M.E. JONES) [HT: POM, IT: US-00591 130, US 
(fragm. ex POM)]. 
- Muhienbergia strictior Scribn. ex Beal. 

Muhienbergia magna Hitchc, N. Amcr. Fl. 17(6): 460. 1935. 

T-Protol.: Mexico: under cliffs of barranca near 

Guadalajara, 3 Nov 1890, Pnngle 3335 [HT: US- 

825277]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Jalisco: under 

cool cliffs of barranca near Guadalajara, 3 Nov 1890, 

C.G. Pringle 3335 [IIT: US-825277; IT: MO- 
1837821, US-998977]. 

= Muhk'nborgia gigantea (E. Fourn.) Hilchc 

Muhienbergia majalctMisis P.M. Peterson, Syst. Bot. 14(3): 

316-318, f. 1. 1989. T-Protol. : Mexico: Chihuahua: 
Cumbres de Majalca, 20 Sep 1986, Peterson & 
Annable 4519 [HT: WS; IT: ARIZ, ENCB, GH, 
MEXU, MICH, MO, NMC, NY, RSA, TAES, UC, 
UNLV, US,]. T-Specim.: I of I. Mexico: Chihualiua: 
Sierra Madrc Occidental. 21.1 mi W of Hwy. 45, 0.4 
mi E of Cumbres de Majalca, Parquc Nacional, clev, 
2200 m, barranca with Pinyon pines ^ndJuniperus, 20 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



159 



Sep 1986, PM. Peterson & C.R. Annable 4519 [HT: 
WS; IT: ARIZ, ENCB, GH, HSC, MEXU, MICH, 
MO-3643064, NMC, NY, RSA, TAGS, UC, US- 
3127034, WISJ. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), Peterson, P, M. 
& C. R. Annable (1991); Peterson, P. M. (1989); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenhergia marshii LM Johnst., J. Arnold Arbon 24(4): 

392. 1943. T-Protol.: Mexico: Coahuila: Sierra del 
Carmen, 8 Sep 1936, £. G. Marsh Jr. 746 [IIT: GH]. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Coahuila, 8 Sep 1936,£.C. 
Marsh 746 [HT: GH; IT: LL, US- 1 647094]. 

= Muhlenbergia rigens (Bentli.) Hitchc. 

Muhlenhergia matudae Sohns, L Wash. Acad. Sci. 46(12); 

382, f. 32-38. 1956. T-Protol.: Mexico: collected en 
madera hunieda, orilla de bosque mixto de pinos y 
oyamel, Lago dc Zempoala, Edo. de Morelos, alt. 3000 
m, 7 Oct 1951, E. Matuda 25601 [HT: US-2079186]. 
T-Specim.: 1 of I. Mexico: Morelos, 7 Oct 195 1, £. 
Matuda 25601 [HT: US-2079186]. 
== Muhlenbergia orophila Swallen. 

Muhlenbergia maxima Lxgaard & Sanchez Vega, Nordic J. 

Bot. 10: 439. 1990. T-Protol.: Peru: Prov. Cajamarca: 
Choten between Paso El Gavilan and San Juan at km 
153 on the road to the coast, 2900 m a.s.l., 29 May 
1984, Sanchez Vega & Rim Vigo 3561 [HT: CPUN; 
IT: AAU, K, US, USM]. 

DST.; Peru. 

LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: La^gaard, S. & I. Sanchez V. (1990); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000); Tovar, 6. (1993). 

Muhlenbergia metcalfe i M.E, Jones, Contr. W. Bot. 14; 12. 

1912. T-Protol.; USA: New Mexico: Grant Co.; Santa 
Rita Mt.: on rocky slopes, Metcalf 1485. 
NOTE: as ''Muhlenbergia metcalft", named 

Metcalfe. 

= Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunth) Kunth, 



for O.B. 



Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 

189, 190, 297, t. 5, f. 8. 1824. B^s\onym■. Agrostis 
mexicana L. 
NOTE: as "Muhlenbergia". 

DST.; Can a, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Bor, N. L. (1960); Cody, W. J. 

(1996); Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. 11. 
Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); Fernald, M. (1950); 
Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. 
A. & A. Cronquist (1991); Great Plains Flora 
Association (1986); Hickman, J. C (1993); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Hitchcock. C L., A. 



Mack. & Bush; Podosaemum mexicanum (L.) Link; 
Podosemum mexicanum (L.) Link; Polypogon 
canadensis E. Fourn.; Trichochloa mexicana (L.) 

Trin.; Vi If a mexicana (L.) P. Beauv. 

Muhlenbergia mexicana fo. ambigua (Torr.) Fcrnald, 



Rhodora 45(534); 



236. 



1943 



Basionym 



Muhlenbergia ambigua Torr. 



= Muhlenbergia mexicana var. filiformis (Torr.) Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia mexicana fo. commutata (Scribn.) Wiegand, 

Rhodora 26(301): I. 1924. Q?[s\o\\y\\y. Muhlenbergia 
mexicana subsp. commutata Scribn. 
= Muhlenbergia frondosa fo. commutata (Scribn.) 

Fernald. 

Muhlenbergia mexicana subsp. commutata Scribn., Rhodora 

9(98); 18-19. 1907. T-Specim.; 1 of 1. USA; Mamc: 
Aroostook Co., Fort Fairfield, 9 Sep 1896, ML. 
Fernald 522 [LT: US-994763], LT designated by 
Hitchcock, Manual U.S. Grasses, p. 890 (1935). 
= Muhlenbergia frondosa fo, commutata (Scribn.) 

Fernald. 

Muhlenbergia mexicana var. commutata (Scribn.) Farw., 

Rep. Michigan Acad. Sci. 17: 181. 1916. Basionym: 
Muhlenbergia mexicana subsp. commutata Scribn. 

= Muhlenbergia frondosa fo. commutata (Scribn.) 

Fernald. 

Muhlenbergia mexicana var.fdiformis Vasey, Grass. U.S. 23. 

1883. 
NOTE: nom. nud., no basionym cited. 

= Muhlenbergia mexicana var. filiformis (lorr.) Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia mexicana var, filiformis (Torr.) Scribn., 

Mem. Torrey Bot. Club 5: 36. 1894. Basionym: 
Agrostis laterijlora \Sir,filiformisTovr. 

DST.; Cana, USA. 

LVL, ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

SYN.; Muhlenbergia ambigua Torr.; Muhlenbergia 

ambigua var. ambigua\ Muhlenbergia ambigua var. 
fdiformis (Torr.) Farw.; Muhlenbergia foliosa (hort. 
ex Roem. & Schull.) Trin.; Muhlenbergia foliosa fo. 
ambigua (Torr.) Wiegand; Muhlenbergia foliosa 
subsp. ambigua (Torr.) Scnhn.',Muhtenbergia foliosa 
subsp. setiglumis {S. Watson) Scribn.; Muhlenbergia 
mexicana fo. ambigua (Torr,) Vcrmild, Muhlenbergia 
mexicana fo. setiglumis (S. Watson) Fernald; 
Muhlenbergia mexicana var. fdiformis Vasey; 
Muhlenbergia setiglumis (S. Watson) A. Nelson & 
J.F. Macbr.; Muhlenbergia sylvatica var. setiglumis 
S. Watson; Podosemum foliosum (hort. ex Roem. & 
Schult.)Link. 

Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin. fo. mexicana. 
= Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin. 



Cronquist, M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson (1969); Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin. var. mexicana. 
Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Peterson, P. M, 



(2000); Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahlcs & C R. Bell 
(1968); Scoggan, H, J, (1978 [1979]); Small, J. K. 
(1933);Welsh, S. L. (1974). 
SYN.; Agrostis mexicana L.; Agrostis tenacissima L. f.; 

Cinna mexicana (L.) P. Beauv.; Lepyroxis 
canadensis P. Beauv. ex B.D. J^cks.; Muhlenbergia 
mexicana fo. mexicana', Muhlenbergia mexicana var. 
purpurea Alph. Wood; Muhlenbergia polystachya 



DST.; Cana, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC; L 

Muhlenbergia mexicana yen. purpurea Alpli. Wood, Amer 

Bot. Fl. pt. 2: 386. 1871. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA 
Illinois, 1880,/ Wolfs.n. [IT: US-952457]. 
= Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin. 



160 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; II. 



Muhlenbergia mexicana io , setiglumis (S. Watson) Fcrnald, 



Rhodora 45(534): 



236. 



1943. 



Basionym; 



Muhlenbergia sylvatica var. setiglumis S. Watson. 
Muhlenbergia mexicana var filiformis (Torr) Scribn. 



Podosemum debile Kunth; Podosemum setosum 
Kunth; Tricbochloa debilis (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.; 

Thchochloa microsperma DC; Trichochloa setosa 
(Kunlh) Roem. & Schult. 



Muhlenbergia meziana Hitchc, N. Amer. FI. 17(6): 461. hhihlenbergia mirmscula H. Scholz, \\ illdcnowia 14: 393. 

1935. 
NOTE: nom. nov., as Muhlenbergia "Meziana". 



1984. T-ProtoL: Bolivia: Canton 



Ulla-Ulla: 



REPLACED NAME: Epicampes minutiflora Mez. 
BLOCKING NAME: Muhlenbergia minutiflora (Mich\.) 

Ililchc. 
= Miihlenbcrjiia robusta (E. FoLirn.) Ililchc. 

Miihlenberjiia niichisensis Y. Ilcrrera & P.M. Peterson, 

Novon 2(2): 117, f. 2. 1992. T-Protol.: Mexico: 
Durango: Mun. de Suchil: Las Escobas, San Juan dc 
Michis, 23.24"N 104.08"W, 17 Sep l989JIerrera A. 
& Acevcdo 986 [HT: CIIDIR, IT: MTMG, US]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: Durango: Suchil Mun.: Las 
Escobas, San Juan de Michis, Bosque de Quercus- 
Pinus, 2420 m, 18 Sep 1989, Y.Herrera & SAcevedo 
9S6 [IIT: CIIDIR, IT: MTMG. US-3239026], dates 
verified in pub. and on US specimen, 17 & 18, 
respectively, 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL.ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Lspejo Scriia, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Re)na (2000); Ilcrrera A., Y. 
& P. M. Peterson (1992), Herrera-Arrieta, Y. (1998); 
Peterson, P.M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia microsperma (DC.) Trin., Gram. Unifl. 

Sesquifl. 193. 1824. Basionym: Trichochloa 
microsperma DC. 
NOTE: noni. iuval.. Trinius did not explicitly make the 

combination in either the text or the figure list. 
= Muhlenbergia microsperma (DC.) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia microsperma (DC.) Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. 

1: 64. 1829. Basionym: Trichochloa microsperma DC. 

DST.: Boli, Colo, Ecua, Guat, Mexi, Peru, USA, Vene. 

LVL.ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977), Brako, L. & J. L. Zamcchi (1993), Davidse, 
G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chatcr (editores generales) 
(1994), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Rcyna (2000), Gould, F. W. & R. Moran 
(1981); Hickman, J. C. (1993). Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Jorgensen, P. M & 
C. Ulloa U. (1994); Jorgensen, P. M. & S. Le6n- 
Y^nez (eds.) (1999); Lawesson. J. E., H. Adscrscn & 
P. Benllcy (1987), McCIurc, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, 
R. (1983); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, 
P. A. (1974); Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annable 
(1991); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Porter, D. M. (1983); 
Reeder, C. G. (1994); Rccder, J. R. & C. G. Rceder 
(1971); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); Shreve, F. & L L. 
Wiggins (1964); Tovar, 6. (1993); Wiggins. !. L. & 
D.M.Porter (1971). 

SYN.: Agrostis debilis (Kunth) Sprcng.; Agroslis 

microsperma Lag.; Agrostis setosa (Kunth) Sprcng.; 
Muhlenbergia debilis (Kunlh) Kunih, Muhlenbergia 
debilis (Kunlh) Trin.; Muhlenbergia fasciculata 

Trin.; Muhlenbergia microsperma (DC.) Trin.; 
Muhlenbergia purpurea Nutt.; Muhlenbergia 
ramosissima Vasey; Muhlenbergia setosa (Kunth) 
Kunth; Muhlenbergia setosa (Kunth) Trin.; 



Apolobaiiiba Cordillera, Pampa von Ulla-Ulla, 4450 
m, Menhofer 1974 [FIT: B]. 

= Muhlenbergia ligularis (Hack.) Ililchc. 

Muhlenbergia minutiflora (Michx.) Ilitchc, Trans. Kansas 

Acad. Sci. 14: 140. 1896. Basionym: Dilepyrum 
minutiflorum Michx. 
= Muhlenbergia sclireberi J.F. Gnicl. 

Muhlenbergia minutissima (Stcud.) Swallcn, Contr. U.S. 

Natl Herb. 29(4) 207. 1947. Basionym: Agrostis 
minutissima Steud. 
DST.:Mexi, USA. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Correll, D. S. 

& M. C Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. II. 

Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); 

Espejo Serna, A,, A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 

Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); 

Hickman, J. C (1993), Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 

Hitchcock, C L., A. Cronquist, M. Ownbey & J. W. 

Ihnmpson (1969); McVaugh, R, (1983); Munz, P. A. 

& D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); Peterson, 

P. M. & C R. Annable (1991); Peterson, P. M. 

(2000). 
SYN.: Agrostis minutissima Steud ; Milium microspermum 

Lag.; Muhlenbergia confusa (E. Foum.) Swallen; 

Panicwn microspermum (Lag.) E. Fourn.; 

Sporobolus confusus (E. Fourn.) \?LSzy,Sporobolus 



(Lag.) 



Hitchc; Sporobolus 



microspermus 

minulisslmus (Steud.) Hitchc; Vilfa confusa E. 

Fourn. 

Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc, U.S.D.A. Bull. 

(1915-23) 772: 145, 147. 1920. B:\s\onym:Calycodon 
montanum Null. 

DST.: Guat, Mexi, USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC; I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Breedlove, D. E. (1986); Corrcll, D. S. & M. 

C Juluiston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, 

N, H. Holmgren & J L. Reveal (1977); Espejo Serna, 
A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Hcrrera-Arriela, Y. (1998); Hickman, J. C (1993); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Hitchcock, C. L., A. 
Cronquist, M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson (1969); 
McClure, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983), Munz, 
P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Calycodon montanum Null.; Muhlenbergia encrvis 

(Scribn. ex Beal) Hitchc; Muhlenbergia gracilis var. 
breviaristata Vasey; Muhlenbergia gracilis var. 
enervis Scribn. ex Beal; Muhlenbergia gracilis var. 
major Vasey; Muhlenbergia subalpina Vasey; 
Muhlenbergia trifida Hack. 

Muhlenbergia monticola Buckley, Proc Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 14: 91. 1862. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: 
northwestern Texas. T-Specin;.; I of 1. USA: Texas: 
side of hills in the Pass of the Linipia, 24 May 1849, 
C. Wright VI [LT: PH, ILT: MO, US-81641], LT 
designated by Dorr& Peterson, Sida 15: 591 (1993). 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



161 



= Muhlcnbergia tcnuifolia (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhlenbcrgia mucronata (Kunth) Trin., Gram. Unifl. 

Scsquiti 194, t. 5, f 23. 1824. n^s\onyn\:Poclosemum 
mucronatum Kunth. 
NOTE: basionym p. 194, comb, in tab. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Peterson, P, M. (2000). 

SYN.: Agrostis mucronata (Kunth) Spm^g., Muhlenbergia 

laxiflora Scribn.; Podosemum mucronalum Kunth; 

Thchochloa mucronata (Kunlh) Room. & Schult. 

Muhlenbergia multinodis Aspl., Bet. Not. 1939: 796, f. 1. 

1939. T-Protol.: Colombia: Popayan: Hab. in Novae 
Granatae ad pagum CI Tambo loco graminoso, 1700 
m, 22 Jun 1938, Sneidern 1323. 
= Muhlenbergia lehmanniana Hcnrard. 

Muhlenbergia mundula I.M. Johnst., J. Arnold Arbor. 24(4): 

392-393. 1943. T-Protol.: Mexico: Chihuahua: by 
streams near Chihuahua. 13 Oct \W3, Pringle 417 
[HT: GH]. T-Specim: 1 of 1. Mexico: Chihuahua: by 
streams near Chihuahua, 13 Oct 1885, C.C. Pringle 
417 [HT. Gil, IT: MO-1837822, US-999023]. 
= Muhlenbergia rigens (Benth,) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia mutica (Rupr. ex E. Fourn.) Hitchc, N. 

Amcr. Fl. 17: 459. 1935. B:iS\onym: Epicampe s mufica 

Rupr, ex E. Fourn. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Breedlove, D. 

E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chatcr 

(editores generates) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 

Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Peterson, 

P. M. (2000); Reeder, C. G. (1994); Sodcrslrom, T. 

R. (1967). 
SYN.: Epicampes mutica Kupv.\ Epicampes mutica Rupr. ex 

E. Fourn. 

Muhlcnbergia nana Benth., Pi. Ilartw. 262. 1846. T-Protol.: 

Ecuador: In radicibus montis ignivomi Cotopaxi, 
Hartweg s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of I . Ecuador: Mt. 
Cotopaxi, 1843, Ilartweg 1458 [HT: K; IT: K, LE, P, 
US-91916(fragm. exP, LE)]. 
= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Bcauv.) Slcud. 

Muhlenbergia nardifolia Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. 

Gottingen 24: 294. 1 879. T-ProtoL: Argentina: 
Cordoba and Santiago del Estcro: Cordoba, Pampa pr. 

Laguna de Pocho. 
= Muhlenbergia torreyi (Kunlh) Hitchc. ex Bush. 

Muhlenbergia nebulosa Scribn. ex Bcal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 

247. 1896. T-Protol.: Mexico: wet places, hills near 
Guadalajara, 1889, Prmgle 2366. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Jalisco: wet places, hills near Guadalajara, 5 
Nov 1889, CG. Pringle 2366 [HT: MSC, IT: GH, K, 
LE, LL, MICH, MO-2974337, NY, RSA, SI, TEX, 
US-995539, llS-746248, US-746269, US-822939, US- 

1645933, VT]. 
= Muhlenbcrgia tenuissima (J. Presl) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia neomexicana Vasey, Bot. Gaz. 11(12): 337. 

1886. T-Protol, : USA: New Mexico: "Rocky hills and 
mountain sides", /G./?. Vasey] s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of I. 
USA: New Mexico, 1881, G.R. Vasey s.n. [HT: US- 

81640]. 
NOTE: as "Neo-Mcxicana", 



= Muhlenbergia pauciflora Buckley. 

Muhlenbergia nigra Hitchc, N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 468. 1935. 

T-Protol. : Mexico: Mexico: Nevado de Toluca, 
collected on cool slopes under pines, 3300 m, 2 Sep 
1&92, Pringle 4211 [HT: US-746689]. T-Specim.: 1 of 
1. Mexico: Mexico: Nevada de Toluca, cool slopes 
under pines, 1 1000 ft, 2 Sep 1892,C.G. Pringle 4211 
[HT: US-746689; IT: F, MO-2974170, MSC, US- 

821929]. 
DST.:CoRi, Guat, Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPID. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Davidse, G., 

M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores generalcs) 

(1994); Espejo Sema, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdes-Reyna (2000); McClure, F. A. (1955); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000); Pohl R. W. (19S0); Reeder, 

C. G. (1994). 

Muhlenbergia orophila Sv\ alien, Conlr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

29(9): 408. 1950. T-ProtoL: Guatemala: Dcpt. 
Huchuctcnango: Cerro Chcmal: in alpine meadow, 
summit of Sierra dc los Cuchumantanes, alt. 3700- 
3800 m; 8 Aug 1942.,^.^. Steyermark 30309 [UT. F- 
1202399]. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. Guatemala: 
Huchuctcnango, 8 Aug 1942, J.^. Steyermark 50309 
[HT: F-1202399; IT: US-132785, US-132784, US- 
1935066, US-2208672]. 

DST.; Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A, O. 

Chatcr (editores generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., 

A. R. L6pcz-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 

McClure, F. A. (1955); Peterson, P. M. (2000); 

Rccdcr, C. G. (1994). 
SYt^.: Muhlenbcrgia matudae Sohns. 

Muhlenbergia palmeri Vasey, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

13(12); 231. 1886. T-Protol.: Mexico: in S.W. 
Chihuahua: 1885, Or. E. Palmer s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 
1 Mexico: Chihuahua, Aug-Nov 1885, £. Palmer 16 
[HT:US-995818,1T:US-995817]. 

DST.: Mcxi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrnri, and .1. Viikies-Reyna (2000); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia dubioides CO. Goodd. 

Muhlenbcrgia palmircnsis Grignon & Lxgaard, Nordic J. 

Bot. 9(1): 47, f 1-2. 1989. T-Protol.: Ecuador: 
Chimborazo: Panamerican highway between 
Riobamba and Alausi, N of Palmira, 3200 xn^Lcegaard 
52721 [HT: AAU; IT: K, MO, NY, QCA, QCNE, US]. 
T-Specim,: 1 of 2. 2 of 2. Ecuador: Chimborazo: 3200 
m, Lcegaard 52721 [HT: AAU; IT: K. MO, NY, QCA, 
QCNE, US]. 

DST.: Ecua. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Grignon, I. & S. Laegaard (1989); 

Jorsensen, P. M. & C Ulloa U. (1994), Jorgensen, P. 

M.^& S. Leon-YAnez (eds.) (1999); Peterson, P. M. 

(2000), Valencia, R., N. Pitman, S. Lcon-Yanez & P. 

M. Jorgensen (2000). 

Muhlcnbergia palustris Scribn., Bull. Div. Agrostol., 

U.S.D.A, 11: 47. 1898. T-ProtoL: USA: D.C: 
Brightwood. swampy grounds, Sep 1896, £.5^. Steele 



162 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: District of Columbia: 
Biightvvood, Sep 1896, E.S. Steele s.n. [HT: US- 
995038; IT: US-995040 (possible)]. 
= Muhlenbergia schreberi J.F. Gmel. 

Muhknbergia parishii Vascy, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 13: 53, 

1886. 

REPLACED NAME: Muhlcnbcrgta syhatlca \ar. 

ca! if arnica Vasey. 

BLOCKING NAME: Muiilenbergia califormca Vasey. 
= Muhltiibergia californica Vascy. 

Muhlenbergia parviglumis Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

3(1): 71. 1892, T-Protol.: USA: Texas, G,C Neallcy 
SM. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas, 1887, G.C 
NeaUeys.n. [IIT: US-8I638; IT: US-994967 (Ncalley 
2, possible IT)]. 

= Muhleiibcrgiii spiciformis Trin. 

MuhlcnbLMgia pauciflora Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 14:91. 1862. T-Protol.: Hillsides, western 
Texas. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas, no date, C 
Wright 732 [LT: PH; ILT: US-8I637], LT designated 
by Iliichcoclc, Man, Grass. U.S. 891 (1935), but 

without citing a specific sheet in a specific herbarium. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C, Johnston (1970); 
Cronquist, v\., A. 11 Holmgren, N. II. Holmgren & J. 
L. Reveal (1977); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & 
R. Moran (1981); Hickman. J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, 
A. S, (1951); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

SYN.: Muhlenbergia neomcxicana Vasey; Muhlenbergia 

pnnglei (Scribn.) Scribn.; Muhlenbergia sylratica 
van pringlei Scribn. 

Muhk'nbeij^ia pecdnata CO. Goodd., J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 

31: 505. 1941. T-Protol.: Mexico: Jalisco: moist ledges 



de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pcnsiero & A. M. 
Cialdella(1994). 

SYN.: Agrostis peruviana (P. Bcauv.) Spreng.; Chmena 

peruviana P. Beauv.; Chmena peruviana \'ar. 
peruviana', Chmena peruviana \di.pulvinata Nees; 
Epicampes bourgaei E. Fourn. ex \\tms\.\Epicampes 
bourgeaei (E. Fourn.) M.E. Jones; Epicampes 
bourgeaei E. Fourn.; Epicampes bourgeaei var. 
bourgeaei; Epicampes chmena M.E. Jones; 
Muhlenbergia bourgeaei E. Fourn.; Muhlenbergia 
bourgeaei E. Fourn. ex Hemsl.; Muhlenbergia 
chmena Kunth; Muhlenbergia herzogiana Ilcnrard; 
Muhlenbergia nana Bcnih.\ Muhlenbergia peruviana 
(o. peruviana; Muhlenbergia peruviana i^o, versicolor 
Kuntze; Muhlenbergia peruviana fo. viridis Kuntre; 
Muhlenbergia peruviana \^r. breviaristata Hack, ex 
Buchtien; Muhlenbergia peruviana var. elatlor 
Kuntze; Muhlenbergia peruviana var. peruviana', 
Muhlenbergia peruviana \?LT.puhinala (Nees) Nees 
& Mey. ex Kuntze; Muhlenbergia peruviana var. 
subcaespitosa Kuntze; Muhlenbergia pulcherrima 
Scribn. ex Beal; Muhlenbergia pusilla Sleud.; 
Sporobolus complanatus Scribn. ex Beal. 

Muhlenbergia peruviana var. breviaristata Hack, ex 

Buchtien, Contr. Fl. Bolivia 1: 72. 1920. T-Protol.: 
Bolivia: La Paz, Buchtien [S65] [US]. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Stcud. 

Muhlenbergia peruviana \dir.ela(ior Kuntze, Rcvis. Gen. PI, 

3(2): 357. 1898. T^ProloI.: [Bolivia: Tunari]. 
= Miihleiihcrgia peruviana (P. Beauv ) Steud. 

Muhlenbergia peruviana Steud. fo. peruviana. 
= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Bcauv.) Steud. 

Muhlenbergia peruviana Steud. v^x. peruviana. 
^ Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Steud. 



ot the barranca near Guadalajara, I Nov, 1888,/V/^g/e Muhlenbergia peruviana vm.pulvinata (Nees) Nees & Mcy. 
1745 [HT: US-995478; IT: GH, NY]. T-Specim.: 1 of ^^ Kunt/e, Revts. Gen. PI. 3(3): 357. 1898. Basionym: 

Chmena peruviana vm. pulvinata Nees. 
NOTE: Presumably based on Chmena peruviana var. 

pulvinata. 



1. Mexico: Jalisco: near Guadalajara, 1 Nov 1888, 
C.G. Pringle 1745 [HT: US-995478; IT: GH, NY]. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. 

Valdcs-Reyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 

Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annable (1991); Peterson, P. 

M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. 

(ed. 2) 1: 4L 1840. ^?L<\ouym: Chmena peruviana P. 
Bcauv. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Chil, Ecua. Guat. Mexi, Peru, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 



= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Steud. 

Muhlenbergia peruviana var. subcaespitosa Kuntze, Revis. 

Gen. PI. 3(3): 357. 1898. T-Protol.: No loc. cited. 
^ Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Bcauv.) Steud. 

Muhlenbergia peruviana fo versicolor Kuntze, Revis. Gen. 

PL 3(3): 357. 1898. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Bolivia: 
Tunarigcbirge, 3000 m, May 1^92., Kunti^e s.n. [LT: 
NY; IT: US (fragm. ex NY)], LT designated by 
Peterson & Annable, Syst. Bot. Monogr. 31: 73, 199L 
2 of 2. Argentina: Salta [ST]. 
= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Bcauv) Steud. 



Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Fcrrari, and J, Valdes- Muhlenbergia peruviana fo. viridis Kuntze. Revis. Gen. PL 



Reyna (2000); Foster, R. C. (1958), Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1927); .Forgensen, P. M. & C. UUoa U. (1994); 
Jorgcnscn, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez (eds.) (1999); 
Macbride, J. F. (1936); Marticorena, C. & M. 
Quezada (1985); Matlhci, O. (1984); Peterson, P. M. 
& C. R. Annable (1991); Peterson, P. M. (2000), 
Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Saravia, E. F. (1996), Tovar, 
6. (1993); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo 



3(3): 357. 1898. T-Protol. : Bolivia: 4000 mJKuntzeJ 



s.n. 



= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P Beauv.) Steud. 

Muhlenbergia phragmitoides Griseb., Abh. Konigk Ges. 

Wiss. Gottingen 19: 255. 1874. T-Protol.: Argentina: 
Tucuman, Cucsta de Anlama: in sylvis moulanis reg. 
Aliso, [Lorentz s.n.]. T-Spccim.: I of 1. Argentina, 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



16 



J 



Loreutz 79 [HT: GOET; IT: US-9I911 (iVagm. ex 
GOliT)]. 
= iMuhlciibtTgia rigi(l:i (Kunth) Kunlh. 

Muhlenhergia phragmitoides var. breviarislala Hack., 

Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Geneve 17: 291. 1914. 
T-Prolo!.: Argentina: Tucumaii: Lara, 3200 m, 28 Mar 
1912, Lillo 11322 [Siuckert hb. 22470]. T-Spccim.: I 
of 1. Argentina: Tucuman, Lara, a 3200 m. d\{.,UUo 
11322 [IIT: W; IT: US-3412353 (fragm. ex W)J- 
= iMuhlciibergia brcviaristata (Mack.) Parodi. 

Muhlenhergia phragmitoides Griseb. var. phragmitoides. 
= Muhlenhergia rigida (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhlenhergia pilosa P.M. Peterson, Wipff & S.D. Jones, 

Madrono 39{2): 151. 1992. T-Prolol.: Mexico: 
Mexico: Mun. Tejnpiico: 17 km NE of Tcjupilco on 
road 10 Temascaltepec, 18.59^N 10.04"W, 30 Oct 
1982, S.D. Koch <& P.A. Fryicell 82256 [HT:CHAPA; 
IT:CIIAPA, lEB. MEXU, MICH, TAES, US. XAL]. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Mexico: Tejupilco Mun.: 
17 km NE de Tupilco, per la carr. a Tcmascaltcpcc, 
1,530 mt, 30 Oct 1992, S.D. Koch & P.A. Ffyxcll 
82256 [IIT: IIT:CI1APA; IT:C11APA, lEB, MEXU, 
MICH, TAES, US-323217, XAL]. 

DST.:Mexi. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 



NOTE: as " \fiiehlenbergio" polygonoides. 
= Muhlenhergia setarioides E. Fourn. 

Muhlcnbergia polystachya Mack. & Bush, Trans. Acad. Sci. 

St. Louis 12(7): 79-80, pi. 12. 1902. T^ProtoL: USA: 
Open rocky woods E of Sibley, AT. K. Mackenzie 637 
[IIT: Herb. K. K. Mackenzie; IT: MOJ. 
= Muhlenhergia mcxicana (L.) Trin. 



Muhlenhergia portcri Scribn. ex Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 

259. 1896. 
REPLACED NAME: Muhlenhergia fexana Thurb. ex 

Porter &J.M.Coult. 

BLOCKING NAME: Muhlenhergia tcxana Buckley. 

DST.:Mc\i, USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L, (1923); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
CronquisI, A., A. II. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. 
L. Reveal (1977); Espcjo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & 
R. Moran (1981); Hickman, J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1951); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); 
Munz, P. A. (1974); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Shreve, 
F.& I.L.Wiggins (1964). 

SYN : Muhlenhergia texana Thurb. ex Porter & J.M. Coult.; 

Podosemum porteri (Scribn. ex Seal) Bush. 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- Muhlenhergia presliana Ililchc, N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 462 



Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Peterson, P. M. 
(2000); Peterson, P. M., J. K. Wipff & S. D. Jones 
(1992). 

Muhlenhergia plumbea (Trin.) Hitchc, Coiitr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 17(3): 296. 1913. Basionym: VUfa phunbea 
Trin. 
DST.:Guat, Mexi. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Davidse, G., 

M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores generales) 
(1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R- Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Morden, C W. & S. L. Hatch 
(1996); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Reedcr, C G. (1994). 

SYN.: Sporobolus phwibeus (Trin.) HemsL; Sporobohis 

poaeoides Hack.; Vilfa plumbea Trin. 

Muhlenhergia polycaulis Scribn., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 38: 

327. 191 L T-Protol.: Mexico: Chihuahua: 1887, 
Prmgle 1414 [HT: US]. T-Specim.; 1 of L Mexico: 
Chihuahua: Sierra Madre, 30 Sep 1 887, C.G. Pringle 
1414 [HT: US^8]636; IT: US-822943, US-155173, 

US-995733], 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977), Correll. D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), McVaugh, R. 
(1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenhergia polypogon (DC.) Kunth. Revis. Gramin. 1: 64. 

1829. Basionym: Trichochloa polypogon DC. 
^ Muhlenhergia capiIlaris(Lam.) Trin. 

Muhlenhergia polypogonoides Hack., Ann. K.K. Naturhist. 

Hofmus. 17: 255. 1902. T-Protol.: Mexico, &/7m/7z 
862 [HT: WJ. T-Spccim.: 1 of L Mexico, 5c7;/7//7r 862 
[HT: W; IT: US-34I2356 (fragm. ex W)]. 



1935. 
NOTE: nom. nov., as Muhlenbrgis "Presliana". 

REPLACED NAME: Epicampes striata J. Presl. 

BLOCKING NAME: Muhlenhergia striata (J Presl) Kunth. 

= Muhlenhergia robusta (E. Fourn.) Hitchc. 

Muhlenhergia pringlei (Scribn.) Scribn., Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 3(1): 71. 1892, Basionym: Muhlenhergia 
sylvatica var. pringlei Scribn. 
= Muhlenhergia paucillora Buckley. 

Muhlenhergia pubescens (Kunth) Hitchc, N. Amer. Fl. 

17(6): 460. 1935. Basionym: Agrostis pubescens 

Kunth. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL.ACCPTC: !; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000); 
Sodcrstrom,T. R. (1967). 

SYN.: Agrostis lanata Kunlh; Agrostis pubescens Kunth; 

Ctnna lanata (Kunth) Kunth; Cinna pubescens 
(Kunth) V.\xn\\\\ Epicampes lanata (Kunth) L Presl ex 
Kunlh; Epicampes pubescens (Kunth) J. Presl ex 
Kunth, Epicampes pubescens (Kunth) M.E. Jones; 



Muehlenbergia 



lanata 



(Kunth) 



Hitchc; 



Muehlenbergia pubescens (Kunth) Hitclic; 
Muhlenhergia lanata (Kunlh) Hitchc 

Muhlenhergia pubigluma Svvallen, Proc. Biol. Soc Wash. 

56: 78. 1943. T-Prolol.: Mexico: Coahuila: Mun. de 
Cuatro Ciencgas: Sierra de la Madera, Canon del 
Agua, common in shrub zones of lower canyon, 10 

Sep 1939, C K Muller 3264 [NAJ. T-Specim.: 1 of L 
Mexico: Coahuila, 10 Sep 1939. C.//. Muller 3264 
[HT: NA-145092; IT:US-2209360, US-1 585527]. 

DST.: Mexi. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 



164 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Peterson, P, M. 

(2000), Soderstrom, T. R. (1967). 

Muhlenbergia pulcherrima Scrihn ex Beal, Grass, N. Amcr. 

2: 240. 1896. T-Protol.: Mexico, Prmgk 1416. T- 
Spccini.; 1 of 1. Mexico: Chihuahua: drj ledges of 
porphyry, Sierra Madre, 30 Sep 1887, CG. Pringle 
1416 [IIT: MSC; IT: MO-3 727978, NY, US'995494, 
VT]. 
= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Stcud 

Muhlenbergia pungens Thurb. ex A. Gray, Proc. Acad. Nat. 

Sci. Philadelphia 1863: 78. 1864, T-Protol.: USA: 

the Rocky Mts. lat 39Mr, 



Colorado: on and 

1862, Hall c< Harbour 632. T-Specim.: 1 of L USA: 
American Plains Flora, Lat. 4]\ 1862, £. Hall & J.P. 
Harbour 632 [UT. GH; IT: US-3376135 (fragm. ex 
GH)]. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Corrcll, D. S. & 

M. C. Johnston (197U); Cronquist, A., A. H. 
Hulni^ren, N. U. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); 
Great Plains Flora Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. 
S. (1951); Peterson, P.M. (2000). 
SYN.: Podosewum pungens (Thurb. ex A. Gray) Bush. 

Muhlenbergia purpurea Nutt., J. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia, ser. 2, 1: 186. 1848. T-Protol.: USA: 
California: Santa Barbara, Upper California: and Santa 
Catalina Island, Gambel s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of L USA: 
California; Santa Barbara Co.; Santa Barbara and 
Santa Catalina Island, Gambcls.n. [UT: K]. 
= Muhlenbergia inicrospcrma (DC.) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia purpusii Mez, Rcpcrt. Spec. Nov. Rcgni 

Veg. 17(13-18): 214. 192L T-Protof: Mexico: San 
Luis Potosi: Minas de San Rafael, Purpus s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: San Luis Potosi: Minas de 
San Ralacf 191 UC^. Purpus 5011 [HT: B; IT: MO- 
2974180. US-463679, US-72636 (fragm. ex B)]. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 



SYN.: Muhlenbergia anouiala E. Fourn.; Muhlenbergia 

gracilis (Kunth) Trin.; Muhlenbergia quadridentata 
(Kunth) Kunth; Muhlenbergia virescens subsp. 
quadridentata (Kunth) Y. 1 icrrera; Podosemum 
gracile Kunth; Podosemum quadridentatum Kunth; 
Trichochloa gracilis (Kunth) Rocm. & Schult.; 
Trichochloa quadridentata (Kunth) Rocm. & Schult. 

Muhlenbergia quadridentata (Kunth) Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. 

I: 64. 1829. X^i\&\ox\y\\r. Podosewum quadridentatum 
Kunth. 

NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Muhlenbergia quadridentata (Kunth) Trin. 

= Muhlenbergia quadridentala (Kunth) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia quitensis (Kunth) Hltchc., Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 17(3): 292. 1913. Basionjni: Calamagrostis 
quitensis Kunth, 
= Muhlenbergia tenuifolia (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb., Prelim, Cat. 67. 1888. ^?iS.\ox\ym\ Agrostis 

racemosa Michx. 
DST.:Cana, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC; I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Correll, D. S. & 

M. C Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. II. 

Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); 

Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari. and J. Valdes- 



Rcyna (2000), Fernald, M. (1950), Glcason, H. A. & 
A. Cronquist (1968), Glcason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 
(1991); Great Plains Flora Association (1986); 
Hiichcock, A. S. (1951); Hitchcock, C. L., A. 
Cronquist, M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson (1969); 
Moss, E. H. (1983); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck 
(1959), Peterson, P. M. (2000), Scoggan, H. J. (1978 
[1979]), Small J. K. (1933), Voss, E. G. (1972). 
SYN.: Agrostis racemosa Michx.; Cinna racemosa (Michx.) 

Kunth; Muhlenbergia glunierata vm.ramosa Vasey; 
Muhlenbergia racemosa var. ramosa (Vasey) Vasey 
ex Beal; Polypogon racemosus (Michx.) Nutt.; Vilfa 
racemosa (Michx.) P. Beauv. 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, Muhlenbergia racemosa var, brevifolia (Vasey) Beal, Grass. 



A., A. R. Lopcz-Fenari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Peterson. P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia pusilla Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 177. 1854. 

T-Protol.: Mexico: Tolucca, ////jr Berlandier 1141. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: Mexico: Valley of Toluca, 

Oct. IS27, y.L Berlandier 1141 [HT: P, IT: K, MO- 
2974185, P, US-10S4517, US-2561239, US-919I0 
(fragm. ex P)]. 

= Muhlenbergia peruviana (P. Beauv.) Steud. 

Muhlenbergia quadridentata (Kunth) Trin., Gram. Unifl. 

SesquilL 194, t. 5b, f 14. 1824. Basionym: 
Podosennwi quadridentatum Kunth. 

NOTE: basionym p. 194, comb, in tab. 
DST.: Guat. Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Beetle, A. A. (I')77); Breedlove, D. 

E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater 

(editores gcnerales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 

L6peZ'Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Herrera- 

Arrieta, Y. (1998), McClure, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, 

R. (1983), Peterson, P. M. (2000); Reeder, c/g. 
(1994). 



N. Anier. 2: 253. 1896. Basionym: Muhlenbergia 
glomerata var. brevifolia Vasey. 
= Muhlenbergia californica Vasey. 

Muhlenbergia racemosa var. cinnoides (Link) B. Boivin, 

Naturalistc Canad. 94: 526. 1967. Basionym: 

Dactylogramma cinnoides Link. 
- Muhlenl)ergia glomerata (Willd ) Frin. 

Muhlenbergia racemosa \ai. ramosa (Vasey) Vasey ex Beal, 

Grass. N. Amer. 2: 253. 1896. Basionym: 
Muhlenbergia glomerata var. ramosa Vasey. 
= Muhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Muhlenbergia racemosa subsp. violacea Scribn., Rhodora 

9(98): 22. 1907. T-Protol.: USA; New York, North 
Hannibal: 1883, O.E Pearce s.n. 
= Muhlenbergia glomerata (Willd.) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia ramosissima Vasey, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

13(12): 231. 1886. T-Prolol.: Mexico: Chihuahua: in 
SW Chihuahua, 1885, Dr. E. Palmer [158], T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Mexico; Chihuahua; SW Chihuaiiua, 
Aug-Nov 1885, E. Palmer 158 [LT: NY, ILT: LE, 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



165 



MO-2974152, P, US-995580]. LT designated by 
Hitchcock. N. Ainer. Fl. 27: 441 (1935) but without 
indicating the specific specimen; also by Peterson, 
Syst. But. Monogr. 31: 61 (1991) where the specific 
specimen is designated. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia microspcrma (DC.) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia ramulosa (Kunth) Swallen, Contr. U.S. N^tl. 

Herb. 29(4): 205. 1947. Basionym: Vilfa ramulosa 

Kunth. 
NOTE: page 204 in Index of Grass Species. 
DST.: Argc, CoRi, Guat, Hond, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), Davidse, G., 

M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editures generalcs) 
(1994), Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez^Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); McCIure, F. A. (1955); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Molina R., A. (1975), Peterson, 
P. M. (2000); Pohl, R. W. (1980); Reedcr, C. G. 
(1994); Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E Rugolo de 
Agrasar, O. Morronc, J. Pensiero & A. M Cialdella 

(1994). 
SYN.: Agrostis ramulosa (Kunth) Roem. & Schult.; 

Muehlenbergia ramulosa (Kunth) Swallen; 
Muhlenbergia wolfii (Vasey) Rydb.; Sporobolus 
racemosus Vasey; Sporobolus ramulosus (Kunth) 
Kunth, Sporobolus wolfii Vasey; Vilfa ramulosa 

Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia reedcrorum Sodcrstr., Contr. U.S. Natl. 

Herb. 34(4): 123. 1967. T-Protol.: Mexico: Durango; 
Sierra Madrc Occidental, W of Ciudad Durango, 7 mi 
E of Navios, elev. 7700 ft, 26 Sep 1963,J. R. Reeder 
& C, G. Reeder 3834 [MT: YU; IT: F, K, MEXU, 
MICH, NY, P, UC, US]. T'Specim.: I of 1. Mexico: 
Duranco, 26 Sep 1963, J./J. Reeder & C.G. Reeder 
3834 [HT: HT: YU; IT: F, K, MEXU, MICH, NY, P. 
UC,US-2443512]. 

DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000); Soderstrom, T. R. (1967). 

Muhleiiborgia repens (J. Presl) Hitchc, Fl. Calif 1: 111. 

1912, Basionym: Sporobolus repens J. Presl. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Corrcll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); McVaugh, R. (1983); 
Morden, C W. & S. L. Hatch (1996); Peterson, P. M. 

(2000). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia abata LM. Johnst.; Muhlenbergia 

subtilis Nces; Sporobolus repens J. Presl; Vilfa 
repens {]. Presl) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia revcrchonii Vasey & Scribn., Contr. U.S. 

Natl. Herb. 3(1): 66. 1892. T-Protol.: USA: Texas,/ 
Reverchon 73 [\iT: US-81635]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. J. 
Reverchon 7J [HT: US-81635]. 

DST.: USA, 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Correll, D. S. & 

M. C Johnston (1970); Darke, R. (1999); Espejo 



Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), Peterson, P. M. 

(2000). 
SYN.: Podosemum reverchonii (Vasey & Scribn.) Bush. 

Muhlenbergia richardsonis (Trin.) Rydb.. Bull. Torrey Bot. 

Club 32(1 1); 600. 1905. Hdsionym: Vilfa richardsonis 

Trin. 
NOTE: as ^'Richardsonis". 
DST.: Cana, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Cody, W. J. 

(1996); Cronquist, A., A. H. Holmgren, N. H. 
Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); Espejo Seriui, A., 
A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Fernald, M. (1950); Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 
(1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1991); 
Gould. F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Great Plains Flora 
Association (1986); Hickman, J. C (1993); 
Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Hitchcock, C L., A. 
Cronquist, M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson (1969); 
Hulten, E. (1968); Morden, C W. & S. L. Hatch 
(1996); Moss, E. H. (1983); Munz, P, A. & D. D. 
Keck (1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); Peterson, P. M. 
(2000); Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody (1980); Scoggan, 
H. J. (1978 II979J); Voss, E. G. (1972); Welsh, S. L. 

(1974). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia aspericaulis Nees ex Trin.; 

Muhlenbergia brevifolia var. richardsonis (Trin.) 
M.E. Jones; Muhlenbergia squarrosa (Trin.) Rydb.; 



Sporobolus asper 



Scribn.; Sporobolus 



depauperatus (Torr. ex Hook.) ^zxxhnr, Sporobolus 
richardsonis (Trin,) Merr.; Vilfa depauperata Torr. 
ex Hook.; Vilfa richardsonis Trin.; Vilfa squarrosa 
Trin. 

Muhlenbergia rigens (Benth.) Hitchc, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 

23(10): 453, 1933. Basionym: Epicampes rigens 

Benth. 
E.NAME: Muhlenbergia rigens (Benth.) Hitchc. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Corrcll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970), 
Darke, R. (1999); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & 
R. Moran (1981); Hickman, J. C (1993); Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1951); McVaugh, R. (1983), Munz, P. A. & D. 
D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); Peterson, P. M. 
(2000), Shreve, F. & 1. L Wiggins (1964). 

SYN.: Crypsinna rigens (Benth.) M.E. Jones; Epicampes 

leptoura Piper; Epicampes rigens BenUi.; 
Muhlenbergia leptoura (Piper) Hitchc; 
Ahfhlenbergia marshii l.M. Johnst.; Muhlenbergia 
mundulalM. Johnst. 

Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunth) frin.. Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 

194. !824. Basionym: Podosemum rigidum Kunth. 
NOTE: nom. inval., Trinius did not explicit!) make the 

combination in either the text or the figure list. 
= Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunth) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1. 63. 

1829. Basionym: Podosemum rigidum Kunth. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, Mexi, Pana, Peru, 

USA, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1 ; cultivated. 



166 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II, 



ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); 
Brccdiove, D. E. (1986); Concll, D. S. & M C. 



NOTE: nom, iiud. 

= Muiilenhergia depaupcrata Scribn. 



Johnston (1970); Darke, R. (1999); Davidsc, G., M, M^Menhergia schaffncriV., Fourn., Mexlc. PI. 2: 85. 15586. T- 



Sousa S. & A. 0. Chatcr (cditorcs generales) (1994); 
Franqucmont, C, T. JMo\Mnan, XL. Fraiiqucmont, S. R. 
King, C. Niezgoda, W. Davis & C. R. Sperling 
(1990); Gould, r\ \V. & R. Moran (1981), Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Jorgcnscn, P. 
M. & S. I.c6n-Y^nez (cds.) (1999); Machridc, J. F. 
(1936); McVaugh, R. (1983); Rcedcr, C. G. (1994); 



Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); Saravia, E. F. (1996); Tovar, 
6. (1993), Zuloaga, F. 0., \L G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo 
dc Agra^ar, O. Mormnc, J, Pensiero & A. M. 
Ciaidella(1994). 

SYN.: Mulilcnbcrgia affmis Trin.; Muhlenbergla 

berlandieri Trin.; Muhicnbergla elegam (Kunth) 
Trin. ; Mulilenbergia elegans var. atroviolacea 
Kuntze; Muhlcnbergia elegans var. subviridis 
Kuntze; Muhlcnbergia glabrata (Kunth) Trin.; 
Muhlenhergia hohvayonim llitchc; AluJilcnbergia 
fvetcalfci M.E. Jones; Muhlenhergia phragmifoides 
Griseb.; Muhlenhergia phragmifoides var. 
phragmifoides; Muhlenhergia rJgida (KuTith) Trin.; 
Podosenmm ajfme (Trin.) \K\x%\\\Podosemum elegans 
Kuntli, Podosemum glabratum Kunth; Podosemwn 
rigidum Kunth; Trichochloa elegans (Kunth) Rocni. 
& Schiilt.; Trichochloa rigida (Kunth) Rocni. & 

Schult. 

MirhU'nb<M-gia robusta (E. Fourn.) llitchc, N. Amcr. Fl. 

17(6): 462. 1935. ^?i^\onyrw: Epicampes robusta E. 
Fourn, 

DST.: Guat, Hond, Mexi, Nica. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle. A. A. (1977); Breedlove. D, 

E. (19S6); Davidsc, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chater 
(editorcs generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
L6pcz-Fcrraru and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000), Reeder, 
C. G. (1994); Sodcrstrom, T. R. (1967). 

SYN.: Epicampes berlandieri E. Fourn.; Epicampes 

berlandieri E, Fourn. ex \\^i\\s\:, Epicampes macrotis 
Piper; Epicampes minutiflora Mez; Epicampes 
robusta E. Fourn.; Epicampes robusta E. Fourn. ex 
HcmsL; Epicampes stricta J. PresI; Muehlenbergia 

robusta (E. Founi.) Hitchc; Muhlenhergia 
fournieriana lUichc] Muhlenhergia macrotis (Piper) 



Hitchc; 



Muhlenhergia 



meziana 



Hitchc; 



Muhlenhergia presUana I litchc 



Muhlenhergia scahra (Kunth) Trin. & Rupr., Sp. Gram. 

Stipac. 183. 1842. Basionym: Streptachne scahra 
Kunth. 

= Muhlcnbergia watsoniana Ililchc 

Muhlenhergia scabra S. Watson, Proc Amcr. Acad. Arts 18: 

174. 1883. T-Protol.: Mexico: at San Luis Potosi, 
Schajfner 1067. T-Specim.; 1 of 1. Mexico: San Luis 
Potosi: San Luis Potosi, ^cZ/^f/T/T^r 1067 [HT: GH; IT: 
US-397161, 822842]. 
NOTE: horn, illcg. 

E. NAME. Muhlenhergia scabra (Kunth) Trin. & Rupr. 
= Muhlcnbergia watsoniana Hitchc. 

Muhlcnbergia schaffneri E. Fourn. ex HcmsL, Biol. Cent.- 

Amcr., Bot. 3; 542. 1885. 



Specim.: 1 of 3. Mexico: Tacubaya, fF. Schaffner s.n. 
[LT: P; ILT: LE (2 sheets), MO, P, US'3412353, 
2312354 (fragm. ex P)], LT designated by Hitchcock, 
Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 17(3):294. 1913. 2 of 3. 
Mirador, Schaffner 142 [ST: P; 1ST: US-3412354 
(fragm. ex P)]. 3 of 3. Mexico: Circa iirbem Mexico in 
collibus pr. Tacubaya, Scpl. Schaffner 50 [ST: P; 1ST- 
US-3412352]. 

= Muhlcnbergia dcpaupcrata Scribn. 

Muhlenhergia schajfncri var. longiseta Scribn., Proc Acad. 

Nat. Sci. Phikidelphia 1891: 297. 1891. T-ProtoL: 
Mexico: foothills of the Rio Hondo, 10 mi \V of the 
City of Mexico, growing on ihin soil of ledges, 25 Aug 
1890, C.G. Pringle 3444. T-Specim.: 1 of L Mexico: 
foothills of the Rio Hondo, 25 Aug n^idj'ringle 3444 
[HT: VT]. 

= Muhlcnbergia brcvis CO. Goodd. 

Muhlenhergia schaffneri CO. Goodd. \ar. schaffneri. 
= Muhlcnbergia depaupcrata Scribn. 

Muhlcnbergia scliinitzii Hack., Ann. K.K. NaLurhist. 

Hofmus. 17: 255. 1902. T-Protol.: Mcxko, Schmitz 
3S0 [HT- W]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, no dateM- 
Schmitz 380 [HT: W; IT: US-84832J. 
NOTE: as ''Muehlenbergia" schmitzii. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Scrna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000), 
Peterson, P. M. ^ C R. Annabic (1991); Peterson, P. 
M. (2000). 

SYN.: Muhlcnbergia diehlii M.E. Jones. 
Muhlcnbergia schrcbcri J.F. Gmel., Syst. Nat. 2: 171. 1791. 



T-Protol.: 



[USA: 



[Muhlenberg]. 



presumably Pennsylvania], 



NOTE; description given in Sclircb. Gen. Plant. Linn. I. p. 

44. n. 103. 1789. However, no species is mentioned. 
DST.: Arge, Braz, Mexi, USA, Urug. 
LVL. ACCPTC: L 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Beetle A. A. 

(1977); Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. (1970); 
Corrclk D. S. & M, C Johnston (1970); Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Fernald, M. (1950), Gleason. H. A. & A. 
Cronquisl (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquist 
(1991); Godfrey, R. K. & J. W. Wouten (1979); 
Great Plains Flora Association (1986); Hickman, J. 
C (1993); Hitchcock, A, S. (1951); Munz, P. A. 
(1968), Peterson, P. M. (2000); Radford, A. E., II. E. 
Ahles & C R. Bell (1968); Rosengurtt. B., B. R. 
Arrillagade Maffei & P. Izaguirre de Artucio (1970); 
Schwegman, John E. (1991), Scoggan, 11. J. (1978 
[1979J); Small, J. K. (1933); Smith, L. B., D. C 
Wasshausen & R. M. Klein (1982); Voss, E. G. 
(1972); Wundcrliii, R. P. (1998); Zuloaga, F. O., E. 
G. Nicora. Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar. O. Morrone, J. 
Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella{1994). 

SYN.: Agrostls apetala Bosc ex Trin.; Anthipsimus 

gonopodus Raf ; Cynodon diffusus (Willd.) Raspail; 
Dilepyrum diffusum P, Beauv.; Ditcpyrum 
minutifJorum Michx.; Muhlcnbergia hotteri E. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



167 



Fourn.; Muhlenbergia diffusa Muhl.; Muhlenbergia 
diffusa Sclircb.; Muhlenbergia diffusa Willd.; 
Muhlenbergia minutiffota (Miclix.) Hitchc; 
Muhlenbergia pahistris Scribn.; Muhlenbergia 
schreberi subsp. palustris (Scribn.) Scribn.; 



Muhlenbergia schreberi 



subsp. 



schreberi; 



Muhlenbergia schreberi var. palustris (Scribn.) 



Scribn. ex B.L. Rob. 



Rhodora 



Muhlenbergia scricca (Michx.) \\M. Peterson, comb. nov. 

Basionym: Stipa sericea Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 54. 

1803. 
DST.: USA. 
SYN.: Agrosiis sericea (Michx.) Elliott; Muhlenbergia 

capillarisx^r.filipes (M.A. Curtis) Chapni. ex Beal; 

Muhlenbergia filipes M.A. Curtis; Podosemum filipes 

(M.A. Curtis) Bush; Polypogon sericeus (Michx.) 

Spreng.; Stipa sericea Michx. 



9(98): 17. 1907. T-Protol.: USA: Illinois, I88K./. Wolf Muhlenbergia setarioides E. Foum., Mcxic. PL 2: 84. 1886. 



s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Illinois, 1881,/ Wolfs.n. 
[IT:US-952419]. 
== Muhlenbergia x curtisetusa (Scribn.) Bush (pro sp.). 

Muhlenbergia schreberi \dx.curtisetosa (Scribn.) Steycrm. 8l 

C.L. Kucera, Rhodora 63(745): 25. 1961. Basionym: 
Muhlenbergia schreberi subsp. curtisetosa Scribn. 

NOTE: as "Schreberi". 

= Muhlenbergia x curtisetosa (Scribn.) Bush (pro sp). 

Muhlenbergia schreberi subsp. palustris (Scribn.) Scribn., 

Rhodora 9(98): 17. 1907. Basionynr. Muhlenbergia 

palustris Scribn. 
NOTE: subsp. is implied by 1904 code. 
= Muhlenbergia schreberi J F. GmeL 

Muhlenbergia schreberi var. palustris (Scribn.) Scribn. ex 

B.L. Rob., Rhodora 10(112): 65. 1908. Basionym: 
Muhlenbergia palustris Scribn. 

= Muhlenbergia schreberi J.F. Gmel. 

Muhlenbergia schreberi J.F. Gmel. subsp. schreberi. 

= Muhlenbergia schreberi J.F. Gmel. 



T-Prolol.: Mexico, 7 synt>pcs cited. T-Spccim.: 1 of 6. 
Mexico: Valle de Orizaba, W. Schaffner 161 [ST: P; 
1ST: LE, MO-2940108 (fragm.)], W. Schaffner pi. 
Mexic. 2 of 6. Mexico, Thomas s,n. [ST: herb. 
Buchingcr; 1ST: MO]. 3 of 6. Uc\\zo, Mueller 2022 
[ST: 1ST: US (fragm. ex. LE)]. 4 of 6. Ut\\zo,Botteri 
& Sum. 1202 [ST]. 5 of 6. Mexico, Botteri & Sum. 
1279 [ST]. 6 of 6. Mexico, Bourgeau 3362 [ST: P; 
1ST: MO-2974294, US (fragm. ex P), US (fragm. ex 

LE)]. 

DST.: CoRi, ElSa, Guat, Hond, Mexi, Puna. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Bcrendsohn, 

W. G. & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); 
Brcedlovc, D. E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & 
A. O. Chatcr (editores generales) (1994); Espcjo 
Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna 
(2000); McClure, F. A. (1955); Molina R., A. (1975); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000); Pohl, R. W. (1980), Recdcr, 

C. G. (1994). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia polypogonoldes Uack/^Muhlenbergia 

syhaiica var. setarioides (E, Fourn.) Beal. 



Muhlenbergia scoparia Vasey, Conlr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(8): Muhlenbergia setifolia Vascy, Bot. Gaz. 7: 92. 1882. T- 



283. 1893. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Mexico: Jalisco: rocky 
hills near Guadalajara, 10 Nov. 1893, CG Pringle 
2350 [LT: US-999069, ILT: LE, M0^1837823, TEX, 
US-91909, US-822950], LT designated by Hitchcock, 
N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 457 (1935), but without explicitly 



Proto!.: USA: Texas: on Guadalupe Mts. of Western 
Texas, F. Havard s.n. T-Specim.: I of 1. USA: Texas, 
1881, K Havard s.n. [HT: US-81634]. 

DST.:Mexi, USA. 

LVL, ACCPTC: L 



citing a specific sheet in a specific herbarium; fully ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Beetle, A. A. 



lectotypified by Sodertrom, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 
34(4); 144 (1967), who designated the US specimen as 
Icctotype, 2 of 2. Mexico: Chihuahua, Balopilas, 1885, 
Dr E. Palmer [ST: US-999070]. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000); 

SodersUom/LR. (1967). 



SYN 



Muhlenbergia seatonii Scribn., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 28: 

122. 1893. T-Prolol.: Mexico: Veracruz: hills near 
Espcranza, 8000 ft, August 1891, Seaton 320. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1 . Mexico: Veracruz: hills near 
Espcranza, 8000 ft. 14 Aug 189L//.£. Seaton 320 [IT: 

US-995669]. 
NOTE: as Mulilenbergia "Seatoni". 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, Muhlenbergia setosa (Biehler) Trin. ex B.D. Jacks.. Index 



(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pcz-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Peterson, P. 
M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia seiiglumis (S. Walson) A. Nelson & J.F. 

Macbr., Bot. Gaz. 61(1): 30. 1916. Basionym; 
Muhlenbergia sylvatica var. setiglumis S. Watson. 
= Muhlenbergia mcxicana var filiformis (Torr.) Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia setosa (Kunth) Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 

193, t. 5, f. 22. 1824. B■iis\o\^ym: Podosemum setosum 

Kunth 
NOTE; basionym p. 193, comb, in tab. 
^ Muhlenbergia niicrosperma (DC) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia setosa (Kunth) Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. 1: 63. 

1829. Basionym: Podosemum setosum Kunth. 

NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Muhlenbergia setosa (Kunth) Trin. 

^ Muhlenbergia niicrosperma (DC) Kunth. 



A-, A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000). 



Kew. 2: 269. 1894. Basionym: Polypogon setosus 

Biehler. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 
E. NAME: Muhlenbergia setosa (Kuiith) Trin. 



168 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



I I 



= Muhlcnber^ia glomcrata (Willd.) Trin. 

Muhlenhergia setosa var. cinnoicies (Link) Fcrnald, Rhodora 

45(534): 238, pi. 757, map 2. 1943. Basionym: 

Daclylogramma cinnoides Link. 
= Mulilcnberyiii ylomeratii (Willd.) Trin. 

Miihlciibcrgia sJicpherdii (Vascy) Swallcn, Conlr. U.S. Nail. 

Ikrb. 29(4); 204. 1947. Basionym: Sporobolus 
shcpherdli Vascy, 
= nicpharonciiron shephcrdii (Vasey) P.M. Peterson & 

Aiinablc. 

Muhlenhergia simplex (Scribn.) Rydb., Bull. Torrcy Bot. 

Club 32(1!): 600. 1905. Uasionym: Sporobolus 
simplex Scnbn. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E. NAME: Muhlenhergia si in/) lex (Sprang.) Kunth. 

- MuhliMibtT^ia filiformis (Thurb. ex S. Watson) Rydb. 

Muhlcubergia sinuosa Swallcn, Contr U.S. Natl. Herb. 

29(4): 204. 1947. T-Protol.: USA; New Mexico: Grant 
Co.: on the W side of San Luis Mis., 26 Sep 1893, E,A. 
Mearns 2457 [HT: US-234817]. T-Speclm.: 1 of 1. 
USA; New Mexico: Grant Co.: W side of the San Luis 
Mts., 26 Sep 1893, E, A, Mearns 2457 [IIT: US- 
234817; IT: K, US-1910761]. 
DST,. Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), Peterson, P, M. & C. R. 

Annable (1991), Peterson. P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Sporobolus confusus var. aberrans M.E, Jones. 

Miihlcnborgia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin., Gram. 

Unit!. Sesquifl. 189, 297, t. 5, f 4. 1824. Basionym: 

Agrosiis sobolifera Muhl. ex Willd. 
NOTE: as "Muhlenhergia". 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Correll, D. S. & 

M. C. Johnston (1970); Fernald. M. (1950); Gl 
11. A. & A. Cronquist (1968), Gleason, H. A. & A. 
Cronquist (1991); Great Plains Flora Association 
(1986); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Peterson, P. M. 
(2000); Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahlcs & C. R. Bell 
(I968);SmalU. K.(1933). 

SYN.: Admatherum soboliferum (Muhl. ex Willd) P. 

Beauv.; Agrosiis sobolifera Muhl. ex Willd.; Cinna 
sobolifera (Mulil. ex Willd.) Link; Muhlenhergia 
sobolifera fo. seiigera (Scribn.) Dcani; Muhlenhergia 
sobolifera fo, sobolifera; Muhlenhergia sobolifera 
subsp. setigera Scribn; Muhlenhergia sobolifera 
subsp. sobolifera; Mulilenhergia sobolifera var. 
setigera (Scribn.) Ilitchc. & Chase; Muhlenhergia 
sobolifera var. sobolifera, Podasemum soboliferum 
(Muhl. ex Willd.) Link; Trichochloa sobolifera 
(Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. 

Muhlenhergia sobolifera fo. setigera (Scribn.) Deam, Indiana 

Dept. Cons., Publ. 82: 163, 1929. Basionym: 
Muhlenhergia sobolifera subsp. setigera Scribn. 
NOTE: basionym not explicitly cited, only the basionym 

author cited, 
= Muhlenhergia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. 



Muhlenhergia sobolifera subsp. setigera Scribn., Rhodora 

9(98): 18. 1907. T-Specim.; 1 of L USA: Texas, 1879, 
J. Reverchon 70 [HT: US-49863]. 
- Muhlenhergia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. 

Muhlenhergia sobolifera var. setigera (Scribn.) Hitchc. & 

Chase, Man. Grasses U.S. (ed. 2) 906. 1950. 

Basionym: Muhlenhergia sobolifera subsp. setigera 
Scribn. 
= Miihleubcrgia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. 



Muhlenhergia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. fo. 

sobolifera. 

= Muhlcubergia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. 

Muhlenhergia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. subsp. 

sobolifera. 

= Miihlenbcrgia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. 

Muhlenhergia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. var, 

sobolifera. 
= Muhlenhergia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. 



Muhlenber^ia speciosa Vasey, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

13(12): 231. 1886. T-ProtoK: Mexico: Chihuahua: in 
S.W. Chihuahua, 1885, Palmer 30 [HT: US]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Chihuahua; S,W. Chihuiihua, 
Aug-Nov \U5,Ed^vard Palmer 30 [HT: US-999062; 
IT: LE, US-999063, US-822953]. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Scrna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (1989); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000), Soderstrom, T. R. (1967). 
SYN.: Bealia speciosa (Vasey) Beal; Epicampes speciosa 

(Vasey) M.E. Jones. 

Muhlenhergia spicata (Spreng.) Kuiith, Revis. Gramin. 1: 64. 

1829. Basionym: Polypogon spicatus Spreng. 
= Gymnopognn spicatus (Spreng.) Kuntzc. 

IVIuhlenbergia spiciformis Trin., Mem Acad. Imp. Sci. 

Saint-Pelersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Math., Secondc Pt. Sci. 
Nat. 6.4(3-4): 288. 1841. T-Protol.: Mexico: "Southern 
Mexico", Karwinsky s.n. T-Specim.: I of 1. Mexico, 
Karwinsky s.n. [T. LEj. 

NOTE: reprint p. 42. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Brccdiove, D. 

E. (1986); Davidsc, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater 

(editores generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 

Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Peterson, 

P. M, (2000); Recder, C G. (1994). 

SYN.: Muhlenhergia acutifolia E. Fourii.; Muhlenhergia 

acutifolia E. Fourn. ex 1 lemsl.; Muhlenhergia 
parvigtumis Vasey. 

Muhlenhergia sprengelii Trin., Gram. Unifl. SesquilL 189, 

297, 1.5, f 5. 1824. 
NOTE: nom. nov., as "Muhlenhergia" ''Sprengelii". 
REPLACED NAME: Arundo tcnella Spreng. 
BLOCKING NAME: Arundo tenella Schrad. 
= .Muhlenhergia tenella (Kunlh) Trin 

Muhlenhergia squarrosa (Trin.) Rydb., Bull. Torrey Bot. 

Club 36: 531. 1909. Basionym: Vilfa squarrosa Trin. 
= Muhlenhergia richardsonis (Trin.) Rydb. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



169 



Mulilenbergia strami 



Ilitchc, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 



17(3): 302. 1913. T-Protoi.: Mexico: Chihuahua: in the 
western Sierra Madre at Tecovichu, in pine and oak 
woods, 2200 m alt., 10 Apr 1906, R. Endlich 1210 
[llf: US-691888]. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Chihuahua, 10 Apr 1906,/?. Endlich 1210 [111". US- 
691888]. 

DST.: Mexi, USA, 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. (2000); Reeder, C. 

G. &J. R. Reeder (1995). 

Muhlcnbcrgia stricta (J. Presl) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 202. 

1833. Basion>ni: Podoscmum strictum J, Presl. 

NOTE; also Rcvis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as in 1835 ed.) 

XVI. 
DST.; Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

McVaugh. R. (1983), Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Muhlenhergia etata Vascy; Muhlenbergia hngifolia 

Vasey; Podosemum strictum J, Presl. 

Muhlenbtrgia strictior Scribn. ex Bcal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 



Muhknbergia sublilis Nces, Linnaca 19(6): 689. 1847. T- 

Protol.: Mt\\zo,Aschenb. exs. 206. T-Spccim.: I of 1. 
Mexico, Aschenborn 206 [HT: B; IT: US (fragm. ex 
B)]. 
- Muhlenbcrgirt repcns (J. Presl) Hitchc. 

Muhlenhergia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr. ex A. Gray, N. Amer. 

Gram. 1; 13. \%M.^d.s\Q\\ym\ A grostis sylvatica loir. 

DST„ Cana, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Corrcll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston 

(1970); Gleason, II. A. & A. Cronquist (1968); 
Glcason, H. A. & A. Cronquist (1991); Godfrey, R. 
K. & J. W. Wootcn (197S'), Grcnt Plains Flora 
Association (1986); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000); Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahlcs 
& C. R. Bell (1968); Scoggan, R J. (1978 [1979]); 
Voss, E.G. (1972). 

S\TsI.: Agrostis diffusa Muiil.; Agrostis sylvatica Torr.; 

Muhlenhergia diffusa Vixrw/, Muhlenhergia sylvatica 
fo. sylvatica; Muhlenhergia sylvatica var. gracilis 
Scribn., Muhlenbergia sylvatica y^x.rohusta Fernald; 
Muhlenhergia sylvatica var. sylvatica; Muhlenhergia 
umbrosa Scribn. 



263. 1896. T-Protol.: Mexico, Pringle 1418. T- Muhlenhergia sylvatica io.attcnuata {?>cx'\bw.)E.i. V'd\m^v & 



Spccim.; 1 of 1. Mexico: Chihuahua, !7 Sep 1887, 
C.G. Pririgle 14IS [LT: US-86380; ILT: K, MEXU, 
MSC, NY, US-822895, VT], LT designated by P.M. 
Peterson in Syst Bot. Monographs, (1991), 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000), 
Peterson, P. M. & C R. Amiable (1991), Peterson, P. 



M. (2000). 



Steyerm., Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 22: 467. 1935. 

Basionym: Muhlenbergia umbrosa subsp. attenuata 

Scribn. 
= Muhlenbergia frondosa fo. fiondosa. 

Muhlenbergia sylvatica \iix. calif ornica Vasey, Bot. Gaz. 7: 

93. 1882. T-Spechn.: 1 of I. USA: California: San 
Bernardino Co., Aug 1882,5.5. Parish A IV.F. Parish 
7fJ76[HT:US-81639;lT:LE]. 
CORRECT NAME; Muhlenbergia parishii Vasey. 



UNRANKED 



= Muhlenbergia californica Vasey. 



ex Bcal) Ilitchc; Muhlenbergia madrensis M.E. Muhlenbergia sylvatica var. jlexuosa Vasey, Rep. U.S, 
Jones. Geogr. Surv., Wheeler 6: 284. 1878. T-Protol.: USA. 



Muhlenbergia subalpina Vasey, Descr. Cat. Grass. U.S. 40. 

1885. 
REPLACED NAME: Muhlenbergia gracilis var. 

breviaristata Vasey. 

^ Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Ilitchc. 

Muhlenbergia subaristata Swallen, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 

26(5); 208. 1936. T-Protol.: Mexico: Durango: along 
river, above Arroyo de Agua, El Sallo, Sierra Madre 
Occidental, 2600-2650 m, 1 Sep 1934,F. W, Pennell 
18572 [HT: US-1614379]. T-Specim.: I of I. Mexico: 
Durango, 1 Sep 1934, TTK Pennell 18572 [HT: US- 
16143791. 
DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY. Beetle, A. A. (1977), Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia subbiffora Ilitchc, N. Amer. Fi. 17(6): 437. 

1935. TTVotoU: Mexico: Durango: collected on rich 
moist soil in garden, city of Durango, Nov 1896, 
Palmer 948 [IIT: US-995434]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Durango: City of Durango and vicinity, Apr- 
Nov 1896, £. Palmer 948 [HT: US-995434; IT: L, 



T-Specim.: 1 of 2. USA: New Mexico, 1874, C. 
Wright 731 [ST: USZ-81641], Also a lectot)pc ofM 
monticola Buckley. 2 of 2. USA: Arizona: Camp 
Crittenden, \^74, Rothrock 681 [LT: US-995253], LT 
designated by Hitchcock, N. Amer Ff 17: 474 (1935). 
= Muhlenbergia tenuifolia (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia sylvatica var. gracilis Scribn., Trans. Kansas 

Acad. Sci. 9: 116. 1885. T-Protol.: USA: Kansas: 
Topcka, E.A. Popcnoe. 
= Muhlenbergia sylvatica (Torr ) Torr. ex A. Gray. 

Muhlenbergia sylvatica var, pringlei Scribn., Bull. Torrey 

Bol. Club 9; 89. 1882. T-Prolol.: USA; New Mexico: 
Dry cliffs, Santa Rita Mis., 7000 ft, My, Pringle 480. 
T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA; Arizona: Santa Rita Mts., 14 
Jul 1881, C.G. Pringle 480 [HT: US-746158]. 
= Muhlenbergia pauciflora Buckley. 

Muhlenhergia sylvatica var. robusta Fernald, Rliodora 

45(534): 326. 1943. T-Protol.: USA: Maine: Sydney, 
18 Aug \9\b, Fernald & Long 1259^ [HT: GH]. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1 . USA; Maine, Kennebec Co., Valley of 
Kennebec River, dry open clay river terraces, Sydney., 
18 Aug 1916, Fernald (^ Long 12597 [IIT; GH; IT; 
US-3412350 (fragm. ex GH)]. 



MEXU, MO-2974308 US-3155932, US-995433, US- = Muhlenbergia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr. ex A. Gray. 

746245]. 
= Chaboissaca subbiflora (Hitchc) Reeder & C Reeder. 



170 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



Muhlenbergia syhatica var. sctarioidcs (P. Fourn.) Beal, 

Grass. N. Anier. 2; 249. 1896. Basionym: 
Afiihlcnhergia seiarioides F. Fourn. 
= Miilileiihergia sctarioidcs E. Fourn. 



Muhlenbergia tenuiflora (Willd.) Britlon, Sterns & Poggcnb 

subsp. iemdjlora, 
= Miihlcnbcrgin tenuiflora (Willd.) Brilton, Sterns & 

Poggcnb, 



MuJdenbergia syhutica var. setiglumis S. Watson, Botany Muhlenbergia tenuiflora (Willd.) Britton, Sterns & Poggt-^nb. 



Fortieth Parallel 378. 1871. T-Protol.: USA: Nevada: 
Near warm springs in Humboldt Pass, 6000 fl, Sep, 
[Watson] 1288. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Nevada, Sep 
1886,5. Watson 7255^11: US-952519]. 
= Muhlenbergia mexicana var. filiformis (Torr.) Scribn. 

Muhlenbergia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr. ex A. Gray fo. sylvatica. 
= Muiilenhergia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr. ex A. Gray. 

Muhlenbergia sylvatica (Torr) Torr. ex A. Gray var. 

sylvatica. 
= Muhlenbergia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr, ex A. Gray. 

Muhlenbergia sylvatica var. vulpina A. Wood, Amcr. Bot. Fl. 

pt. 2: 86. 187L T-Protol.: USA: New York, Il.B. Lord 
NOTI:: Index ofGrass Species has p. 386. 
= Status not yet determined. 

Muhlenbergia rcnella (Kunth) Frin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 

192, 297, t. 5, f. 17. 1824. Bas\onynr Pndoscmum 
tenelluni Kunth. 
NOTE: as "Muhlenbergia". 

DST.: Colo, CoRi, ElSa, Guat, Hond, Mexi, Nica, Pana. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), Bcrendsohn, 

W. G. & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); 



. var. tenuiflora. 

= Muhlenbergia tenuiflora (Willd.) Brifton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Muhlenbergia tenuiflora subsp. variabilis Scribn.. Rhodora 

9(98): 18. 1907. T-Protol.: USA: North Carolina: 
Rutherford: Chimney Mi., Bdtmore Herb. 654A [I IT: 
US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: North Carolina: 
Rutherford Co., no dale, Ex Herb. Biltmore 654A {\\Y\ 
US-10020]. 

= Muhlenbergia tenuiflora (Willd.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Muhlenbergia tenuiflora \dX.varjabiUs (Scribn.) R.W. Pohl, 

Amer. Midi. Naturalist 82(2): 538. 1969. Basionym: 
Muhlenbergia tenuiflora subsp. variabdis Scribn. 
= Muhlenbergia tenuiflora (Willd.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Muhlenbergia tenuifolia (Kunth) Trin., Gram. Unifl. Sesquifl. 

193, 277. 1824. Basionym: Calamagrostis tenuifolia 
Kunth. 

NOTE: nom. inval., Trinius did not explicitly make the 

combination in either the text or the figure list, 
= Muhlenbergia tenuifolia (Kunth) Kunth. 



Brccdlovc, D, E. (1986), Davidse, G.,M. SousaS. & Muhienhersia tenuifolia (Kunth) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 
A. O. Chater (editores generalcs) (1994); Espcjo 1(4); 63. 1829. Basionym. Calamagrostis tenuifolia 

Kunth. 



Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna 
(2000); McClure. F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. (1983); 
Molina R., A. (1975); Peterson, P. M. & C. R. 
Annable (I99I), Peterson, P. M. (2000); i\)hl. R. W. 
(1980); Reeder, C. G. (1994): Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. 
Nicora, Z. E, Rugolo de Agrasar, 0. Morrone, J. 
Pensiero & A. M. Cialdclla{1994). 
SYN.: Arundo tenella Sprcng.; Muhlenbergia exdis E. 

Fourn.; Muhlenbergia sprcngelii Trin.; Podosemuni 
tencUum Kunth, Potypogon gracilis Spreng.; 
Polypogon tencUus (Kunth) Spreng.; Trichochloa 
tenella (Kunth) Roem. & Schult. 

Muhlenbergia tenuiflora (Willd.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb., Prelim. Cijt 67. 18S8. BiVs\onym\ Agrostis 
tenuiflora Willd. 

DST,:Cana, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); I'crnald, M. 

(1950); Gleason, IL A. & A. Cronquist (1968); 

I-iitchcoek, A. S. (1951), Peterson, P. M. (2000); 

Radford, A. E., 11. E. Ahles & C R. Bell (1968); 

Scoggan, H. J. (1978 [1979]); Small, J. K. (1933); 

Voss, E.G. (1972). 

SYN.: Agrostis tenuiflora V^\\\d.\Apcra tenuiflora (Willd.) 

P. Beauv.; Cinna tenuiflora (Willd.) Link; 
Muhlenbergia tenuiflora subsp, tenuiflora] 
Muhlenbergia tenuiflora subsp. variabdis Scribn.; 
Muhlenbergia tenuiflora var. tenuiflora; 
Muhlenbergia tenuiflora var, variabilis (Scribn.) 
R.W. Pohl; Muhlenbergia wiltdenoMii Trin.; 
Podosemum fcnuiflorum (Willd.) Link; Trichochloa 
longiseta Trin.; Trichochloa tenuiflora (Willd.) 
Sweet. 



DST.: Argc, Boli, Mexi, Peru, USA, Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anon)mous (1986); Brako, L. & J. 

L. Zarucchi (1993); E.spcjo Serna, A., A. R. L6pcz- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); McVaugh, R. 
(1983); Peterson, P. M. & C R. Annable (1991); 
Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 
Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. CialdcHa 
(1994). 

SYN.: Arundo quitensis (Kuntli) Poir.; Arundo quitensis 

Spreng.; Arundo tenuifolia (Kunth) Poir.; 
Calamagrostis mexicana Kunth; Calainagrostis 
quitensis Kunth; Calamagrostis iandfolia Kunth; 



Muhlenbergia 



calamagrostidca 



Kunth, 



PresI) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 

Podosemuni tenuissimuni J. 



Muhlenbergia longiseta Benth., Muhlenbergia 
monticola Buckley; Muhlenbergia quitensis (Kunth) 
llitchc; Muhlenbergia sylvatica \?LV.flexuosa Vasey; 
Muhlenbergia tenuifolia (Kunth) Trin.; 

Muhlenbergia trichodes Steud.; Podosemum 
tenuifohum (Kunth) Nces ex Necs & Schaucr. 

Muhlenbergia tenuissima (J 

198. 1833. Basion>m: 
Presl. 

NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as in 1835 cd.) 

XVI. 

DST.; Boli, Braz, CoRi, Hond, Mexi, Nica, Pana, Peru. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY. Beetle, A. A. (1977); Brako, L. * J. 

L. Zarucchi (1993); Breedlove, D. E. (1986); 
Da\ idse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O, Chatei (editores 
gencrales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Foster, R. C 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



171 



(1958), Hitchcock, A. S, (1927); Macbride, J. F. 
(1936); McVaugh, R. (1983), Molina R., A. (1975); 
Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annable (1991); Peterson, P. 
M. (2000); Pohl, R. W. (1980); Reeder, C. G. (1994); 
Tovar, 6. (1993); Vargas C, C. (1943). 
SYN.: Muhlcnbergia nebidosa Scribn. ex B^^\,Podosennmi 

tenuissimum J. Presl. 

Mnlilcnborgia (cvana Buckley, Pruc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 14: 91. 1862. T-Prolol.: Northern Texas, 
May. T-Speciin.: 1 of 2. USA: Texas: W Texas to El 
Paso, May-Oct 1849, ]Vn^ht 739 [LT: US-9942I9; 
ILT: MO], LT designated by Peterson & Annable, 
Sy St. Bot. Monogr. 31: 93 ( 1 99 1 ). This 
lectolypification now superseded by next screen. 2 of 
2. USA: northern Texas: [Agrostis barbatis Buck], 
May, S.B. Buckley s.n, [LT: PHJ, LT designated by 
Dorr & Peterson, Sida 15: 590 (1993). 
DST.: Me\i, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: !. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Anonymous (1986); Espejo Scrna, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Gould, F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Peterson, P. M. & C. R. Annable (1991); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000), Shreve, F. & L L. Wiggins 

(1964). 
SYN.: Muhlcnbergia huckkyana Scribn.; Podosemwn 

tcxanum (Buckley) Bush. 

Muhlenbergia texana Thurb. ex Porter 8l J.M. Coull., Syn. 

Fl. Colorado 144, 1874. T-Protol.: Texas, 3 syntypes. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 3. USA: Texas: Rio San Pedro, 5 Nov 
1850, J.M. Blgelow s.n. [ST]. 2 of 3. USA: Texas: 
Presidio del Norte, Jul 1852,CC. Parry^ [ST]. 3 of 3. 
USA: Texas: Western Texas to EI Paso, Ma)-Oct 
1849, C WhgJu 73.^ [ST]. 

NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E. NAME: Mulilenbergia texana Buckley. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlcnbergia porteri Scribn. ex Beal. 

= Muhlcnbergia porteri Scribn. ex Beal. 

Mulilenbergia thurberi (Scribn.) Rydb., BulE Torrey Bot. 

Club 32(1 1): 601. 1905. Basionyni: Sporohohis 

ihurberi Scribn. 

NOTE: as "Thurberi". 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Cronquist, A., 

A. If Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal 
(1977); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Peterson, P. M. 

(2000). 
SYN.: Muhlenbcrgia fdtculmls M.E. Jones; Sporobolus 

fdlcuh)ds Vasey; Sporobolus fdicuhm.s Vasey ex 
Beal; Sporobolus ihurberi Scribn.; Vdfa fdiculmis 
Thurb. ex Scribn.; Vdfafdicidnus Thurb, ex Vasey. 

Miihleiiborgia torreyana (Schull.) Ilitchc., Amer. L BoL 

2i(3): 136. 1934, Basionym: Agrostis torreyana 
Schult. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Fernald, M. 

(1950); Gleason, IL A. & A. Cronquist (1968); 
Gleason, H. A. & A. Cronquisl (I99I), Hitchcock. A, 
S- (1951); Peterson, P. M. (2000). 
SYN,: Agrostis compressa Torr.; Agrostis torreyana 

Schult.; Colpodium compressum Trin.; 



Muehleubergia torreyana (Schult.) Hitchc; 
Sporobolus comprcssus (Torr.) Kunth; Sporobolus 
torreyanus (Schult.) Niish; Vilfa compressa Trin. ex 

Spreng. 

Miihlenbergia torreyi (Kunth) Hitchc. ex Bush, Amer. Midi. 

Naturalist 6: 84. 1919. Basionym: Agrostis torreyi 

Kunlh. 

DST.: Arge, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C Johnston (1970); 

Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes- 

Rcyna (2000); Great Plains Flora Association (1986); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Peterson, P. M. & J. J. 

Ortiz-Diaz (1998); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Zuloaga, 

F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. 

Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 
SYN.: Agrostis caespitosa Torr.; Agrostis torreyi Kunth; 

Muhlcnbergia graciUima Torr.; Muhlenbergia 

nardifolia Griseb.; Pudoseifuwi gracillimum (Torr.) 

Bush. 

Muhlcnbergia trichodes Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 177. 

1854. T-Protol.: South America: "Am. austr.", T. 
"Guadalupe, Duchaessing" in Steud. script, but 
published locality is "amer. Austr." not W. 
= Muhlcnbergia tenuifolia (Kunth) Kunth. 

Muhlenbergia trichopodes (Elliott) Cliapm., Fl. South. U,S. 

553. I860. Basionym; Agrostis trtcliopodes Elliott. 
= Muhlenbergia expansa (Poir.) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia trifida Hack., Repert. Spec. Nov. Rcgni Veg. 

8: 518. 1910. T-Protol.: Mexico: Michoacan, /invcv?^ 
3217. T-Specim.; 1 of L Mexico: Michoacan: vicinity 
of Morelia, Quincco, ! 1 Nov 1909,^ro. Arsene 3217 
[HT: W; IT: BM, MO-843315, US, US-86637 

(fragm.)]. 
^ Muhlenbergia montana (Nutt.) Hitchc. 

Muhlenbergia triniiE. Fourn. ex Hemsl., Biol. Cent. -Amer., 

Bot. 3(19): 543. 1885. 
NOTE: noni. illeg. superfl. 

CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia diversiglumis Trin. 

= Muhlenbergia diversiglumis Trin. 

Muhlenbergia triniiE. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 84. 1886. 
NOTE: nom. nov., nom. illeg. superfl.; M, diversiglumis 

Trin. cited. 
CORRECT NAME: Muhlenbergia diversiglumis Trin. 
=* Muhlcnbergia diversiglumis Trin. 

Muhlenbergia umbrosa Scribn.. Rhodora 9(98): 20. 1907. 
REPLACED NAME: Agrostis sylvatica Torr. 
BLOCKING NAME: Agrostis sylvatica Host. 
= Muhlenbergia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr. ex A, Gray. 

Muhlenbergia umbrosa fo. attenuata (Scribn.) Deam. Indiana 

Dept. Cons., PubL 82: 171. 1929. Basionym: 
Muhlenbergia umbrosa subsp. attenuata Scribn. 
NOTE: basionym not explicitly cited, only the basion)in 

author cited. 
= Muhlenbergia frondosa fo. frondosa. 

Muhlcnbergia umbrosa subsp attenuata Scribn., Rhodora 

9(98): 2L 1907. T-Protof: USA. South Dakota: 
Aurora Co., E.N. Wilcox 25. T-Specim.: I of 1. USA: 



172 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



South Dakota: Aurora Co., E.N. Wilcox 25 [IIT: US- Muhlenbergia vaseyana Scribii., Annual Rep. Missouri Rot. 



10019]. 
= Muhlcnbcrgiii frondosa fo. frondosa. 

Muhlcnbergi» uniflora (Muhl.) Fernald, Rhodora 29(337): 

10. 1927. Basionym: Poa unijlnra Muhl. 
DST,: Cana, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Fernald, M. (1950), Gleason, H. A. 

& A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H, A. & A. 

Cronquist (1991), Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Peterson, 
P. M. (2000); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 [1979]), Voss, E. 
G. (1972). 
SYN.: Agrostis serotinu Torr.; MuIiLiibeigia uniflora var. 

terrac-iwvae Fernald; MuJiIcithergia uniflora var. 
imijlora; Poa inodesta Tuck.; Poa stricta var. 
uniflora Muhl. ex Scribn. & Mcrr.; Poa uniflora 
Muiil.; Poa uniflora Mu\\\.;Sporobohis serotinus A. 
Gray; Sporobolus uniflorus (Muhl.) Scribn. & Merr.; 
Vilfa serotina Torr, ex A. Gray; Vilfa serotina Trin.; 
Vilfa tenera Trin. 

Muhlenbergia uniflora var. terrae-novae Fernald, Rliodora 



29(337): 11-12. 



1927. 



T-Protol.: 



Canada: 



Newfounland; moss and silicious rocks along rill, 
slope of South Ilill, St. John's, 14 Aug \92A, Fernald, 
Long A Dunbar 26244 [IIT: GH]. 
= Muhlenbergia uniflora (Muhl ) Fernald. 

Muhlenbergia uniflora (Muhl.) Fernald var. uniflora. 
= Muhlenbergia tiniflora (Muhl ) Fernald. 

Muhlenbergia utilis (Torr.) Hitchc, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 

23(10): 453. 1933. Basionym: Vilfa utilis Ton. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Breedlove, D. 

E. (1986), Correll, D. S. & M. C, Johnston (1970); 
Davidsc, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater (editores 
generalcs) (1994); Fspcjo Sema, A., A. R. L6pez- 
Ferrari, and J, Valdes-Reyna (2000); Hickman, J. C. 
(1993), Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); McVaugh, R. 
(1983), Morden, C, W. & S. L. Hatch (1996); Munz, 
P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Munz, P. A. (1974); 
Peterson, P. M. (2000), Reeder, C. G. (1994). 

SYN.: Muehlcnbcrgia utilis (Torr.) Hitchc; Sporobolus 

sacatilla Griseb. ex E. Fourn., Sporobolu.s sacatilla 
Griseb. ex E. Fourn.; Sporobolus utilis (Torr.) 
Scribn.; Vilfa sacatilla E. Fourn.; Vilfa utilis Torr. 

Mulilenbergia vaginata Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl Herb. 

29(9): 406. 1950. T-Protol.: Guatemala: Dcpt, of San 



Gard. 10: 52. 1899. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona, Rolhrock 
283. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: Arizona, Jul 1874,7.7: 
Ruthrock 282 [IT: VS-S\632]. 
NOTE: cited Epicampes distichopliylla Vasey nom. nud., 

same as M. distichopliylla Munro ex Vasey ex B. D. 
Jackson, nom. inval. 
= Muhlenbergia emerslcyt Vasey. 

Muhlenbergia venezuelae Luces, Bol. Soc. Venez. Ci. Nat. 

15: 14. 1953. T-Protol.: Venezuela: Fdo Mcrida:en 
Paramo de Misiiita, Muchuchies: 27 Nov 1943, Z 
Luces 281 [HT: [VEN] Hrbr, del Inst. Botanico del 
Ministerio de Agricultura y Cria]. 

DST.: Vene. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 2. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. (2000). 

Muhlenbergia versicolor Swallen, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 

29(9): 412. 1950. T-Protol.: Mexico: Oaxaca: 170 km 
N of Oaxaca, 13 Dec 1945, E. Hernandez X. & J.A. 
Jenkins X-810 [HT: US- 196 1991]. T-Spccim.: 1 of I. 
Mexico: Oaxaca, 13 Dec 1945, E. Hcrnaudcz- 
Xolocotzi (^ J.A. Jenkins X-810 [HT: US-1961991], 
DST.: Guat, Hond, Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Beetle, A. A. (1977); Breedlove, D. 

E, (1986); Davidsc, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 0. Chater 
(editores generalcs) (1994), Peterson, P. M. (2000); 
Reeder, C G. (1994), Soderstrom, T, R. (1967). 

SYN.: Muhlenbergia distichopliylla \diX.mutica Scribn. ex 

Urbina. 

Muhlenbergia villiflora Hitchc, N, Amer. Fl. 17(6): 470. 

1935. 
REPLACED NAME: Vilfa pubescens E. Fourn. 
BLOCKING NAME: Muhlenbergia pnbestens (Kunth) 

Hitchc. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Morden, C W. & S. L. Hatch (1996), Morden, C W. 

(1995), Peterson, P.M. (2000). 
SYN.: Vilfa pubescens E. Fourn. 

Muhlenbergia villiflora Hitchc. var villiflora. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Morden, C W. & S. L. Hatch 

(1996);Mordcn, C W. (1995). 



Marcos: in spring-fed meadow along quebrada, 4 km Muhlenbergia villiflora var. villosa (Swallen) Morden, 
from San Sebastian, NW of San Marcos, 15 Feb 1940, Phytologia 79(1): 29. 1995. Basionym: M//;/e^/)cr^/a 

villosa Swallen. 



J.A. Steyermark 3559S [HT: F-1046643]. T-Specim.: 1 

of 1. Guatemala: San Marcos: road between San 
Sebastian and San Marcos, 2700-3800 m, 15 Feb 
1940, J.A. Steyermark 33589 [HT: F-1046643; IT: US- 
2240531, US-2236472]. 
DST : Guat, Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPIl). BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Breedlove, D. 

E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater 
(editores generalcs) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000): McClure, 

F. A. (1955), McVaugh, R. (1983), Peterson, P. M. & 
C. R. Annabic (1991); Peterson, P. M. (2000); 
Reeder, C.G.( 1994). 



DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Morden, C W. & S. L. Hatch 

(1996); Morden, C W. (1995); Peterson, P. M. 
(2000). 

SYN.: Muhlenbergia villosa Swallen. 

Muhlenbergia villosa Swallen, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 31(8): 

350, f 2. 1941. T-Protol.: USA: Texas: 15 mi S of 
Stanton, 11 Jul 1928, B.C. Tliarp 5048 [HT: US- 
1386596; IT: TEX]. T-Specim.: I of 1. USA; Texas, 
11 Jul 1928, B.C. Tharp 5048 [HT: US-1386596; IT: 
GH, MO,TEX]. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: TT. 



173 



^ Muhknbergia villillorji var. villosa (Swallcn) Morden. 

MuhkMihcrS^ia vircscens (Kunth) Trin., Gram. Unitl. 

Scsquifl. 193, I. 5a, f 7. 1824. B'dslonynr. PoJosemum 

virescens Kimtli. 
NOTE: basionym p. 193, comb, in tab. 

DST.; Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. L6pez- 

Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Herrera-Arrieta, 

Y. (1998); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Recder, C. G & J. 

R. Reeder(1995). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia curvula Swallcn; Afuhlenbergia 

virescens (Kunth) Kunlh; Muhlenbergia virescens 
subsp. virescens; Podosemum virescens Kunth; 
Trichochloa virescens (Kunlh) Rocm. & Schult.. 

Muhlenbergia virescens (Kunth) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 

64. 1829. Rasionym; Podosemum vircscens Kunth. 

NOTE: isonym. 

E. NAME: Muhlenbergia virescens (Kunth) Trin. 
= Muhlenbergia vircsecns (Kunth) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia vircscens subsp. quadridentata (Kunlh) Y. 

Herrcra, Amer. J. Bot. 81(8): 1043. 1994. Basionym: 

Podosemum quadridenkitum Kunth, 
= Muhlenbergia quadridentata (Kunth) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia virescens (Kunth) Trin. subsp. vircscens. 
- Muhlenbergia virescens (Kunlh) Trin. 

Muhlenbergia virletii (E. Fourn.) Sodcrstr., Contr. U.S. 

Natl. Herb. 34(4): 157. 1967. \^2ks\owym: Epicampes 

virletii E. Fourn. 

DST.: Mcxi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Peterson, P. M. 

(2000); Soderstrom, T. R. (1967). 

SYN.: Epicampes virletii E. Fourn. 

Muhlenbergia watsoniana Hitchc., N. Amer. Fl. 17(6): 471. 

1935. 
NOTE: nom. nov., as Muhlenbergia "Watsoniana". 
REPLACED NAME: Muhlenbergia scabra S. Watson. 

BLOCKING NAME: Muhlenbergia scabra (Kunth) Trm. 

& Rupr. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL, ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Espejo Scma, 

A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 

Herrera-Arrieta, Y. (1998); McVaugh, R. (1983); 

Peterson,?. M. (2000). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia scabra (Kunlh) Trin. & Rupr.; 

Muhlenbergia scabra S. Watson. 

Muhlenbergia m illdenoMii Tnn., Gram. Unit! Sesquifl. 188, 



189,297, t. 5, L 3. 1824. 



illeg. superfl.; 



as "Muhlenbergia " 



NOTE: nom. 

"Willdenowii*'. 
CORRECT NAME: Agrostis tenuiflora Willd. 
= Muhlenbergia lenuiflora (W^illd.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Muhlenbergia wolfii (Vasey) Rydb., Bull Torrey Bot. Club 

32(1 1): 600. 1905. Basionym: Sporobolus wolfii 

Vasey. 
NOTE:as"Woin". 
= Muiilenbergia ramulosa (Kunth) Swallen. 



Muhlenbergia wrightii Vasey ex J.M. Coult., Man. Bot. 

Rocky Mt. 409. 1885. T-ProtoL: mAJJVright I9S6]. 
T-Spccim.: I of 1. USA: New Mexico, !851-1852,C. 
Wright 1986 [nT:m-556^72\. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 
LVL, ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Cronquist, A.. 

A. H. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal 
(1977); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F, W. & R. Moran 
(1981), Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), Peterson, P. M. 

(2000). 
SYN.: Muhlenbergia coloradensis Mez; Muhlenbergia 

wrightii var. anmdata Vasey. 

Muhlenbergia wrightii var. annulata Vasey, Descr. Cat. 

Grass. U.S. 41. 1885. T-Protol.: [USA: Arizona], 

[Lemmon 3179]. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
- Muhlenbergia wrightii Vasey ex J.M. Coult. 

Muhlenbergia xanthodas Soderslr., Contr. U.S. Natl, Herb. 

34(4): 173. 1967. T-Protol.: Mexico: Chiapas: 
collected on rock on Mt. Ovando, 2300 m, 14-18 Nov 
1939, E. Matuda 4003 [HT: US-1817864; IT: F, 
MICH]. T-Spccim.: 1 of L Mexico: Chiapas, 14 Nov 
1939-18 Nov 1939, E. Matuda 4003 [HT: US- 
1817864; IT: F, MICH, US-2075810]. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Breedlove, D. 

E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & A. O. Chater 
(editores generates) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. 
Lopcz-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Rcyna (2000); Peterson, 
P. M. (2000); Rccdcr, C. G. (1994); Soderstrom, T. 
R. (1967). 

Muhlenbergia xerophila CO. Goodd., J. Wash. Acad, Sci. 

30: 19. 1940. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona: in Sycamore 
Canyon, 22 Sep 1937,L.A^. Goodding M262 [HT: SCS 
Hrb.'at Tucson, Ariz., IT: RM, US]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: Arizona: Santa Cruz Co.: Sycamore Canyon, 22 
Sep 1 937, L.M Goodding M262 [HT: USDA-SCS hrb. 
Tucson; IT: MO-5062477, RM, US-1761610]. 
^ Muhlenbergia elongata Scribn. ex Beal. 



Muhlenbergia sect. Epicampes (J 

U.S. Natl. Herb. 34(4): 
Epicampes J. Presl. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



Presl) Sodcrstr., Contr. 
112. 1967. Basionym 



Muhlenbergia Schreb. subg. Muhlenbergia, NONE 

LISTED. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

Muhlenbergia sect. Podosemum (Desv.) Pilg., Nat. 

Pllanzcnfam. (cd. 2) I4d: 71. 1956. Basionym 
Podosemum Desv. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

Muhlenbergia subg. Trichochloa A. Gray, Manual 546 

1848. 
REPLACED NAME: Trichochloa DC 

BLOCKING NAME: Trichochloa P. Beauv. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



174 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



Muhlenbergiinae sublrib. Pilg., Nat. Pilanzenfam. ^C>'^E- ''"t*'- ^'^ "0'"- "L'J- '" Rev. Mus. La Plata 5: 303 



(ed. 2) I4d: 168, 67. 1956. TYPE: Muhlenbcrgia 
Schreb. 

TRTD. BY: Soreng, R. J., G. Davidsc, T, S. Illguciras, E. J. 

Jiidziewicz, P. M. Peterson, and F. O. Zuloaga. 
NUT. C>iiodonteae. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Duvall, M. R.. P. M, Peterson & A. H. 



Cliiistcnscn, (1994); Peterson, P. M., (2000). 



M 



T^TE: Mimroa squarrosa (Niitl.) Torr. 



NOTE; misspelled as "Monro", but named after W. Munro. 

TRTD. BY; Vald^s-Re> na. J. & P. M. Peterson. 

NHT: Miinroinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 5. 

CNSLTD, LIT.: Anton, A. M & A. T. Ilunziker, (1978). 

SYN.: flemiwunroa (Parodi) Parodi. 

MunroM anditia Phil., Verz. Antofagasta PtL 8: 90 1891. T- 

Pmtol.: Chile: Tarapaea: ad Paroma 3800 m.s.m. lecta, 
F. Pliilippi s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Chile: Tarapaea: ad 
Paroma 3800 m.s.m. lecta, F. Phllippi s.n. [IT: US- 
556619 (fra-m. ex herb. Philiipi)]. 

DST.: Arge,Boli,Chil. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 



1893. 
= BIcpharidachne beiithnniiana (Haek. ex Kuntze) Ilitchc. 

Munroa dccunibcns Phil., Verz. Anlofagasta iMT 90, 1891. 

T-Protol.: Chile: Tarapaea: prope Calcalhuay lecta, F. 

Philippi s.n. 

DST.:Arge,Buli, Chit, Peru. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Brake, L. & J. L. Zarueehi (1993); 

Foster, R. C. (1958); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); 
Maebridc, J. F. (1936); Marticorcna, C. & M. 
Qnezada (1985); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Tovar, 6. 
(1993); Zuloaga, F. 0., E, G. Nicora, Z, E. Riigolo dc 
Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella 
(1994). 

IVIunroa mendocina Phil., Anales IJniv, Chile 36: 210. 1870. 

T-Protol.: [PhilippiJ sji T-Specini.: 1 of L Phillippi 
s.n. [IT: US- 1939962 (fragm. ex SGO)]. 
- DST.: Argc. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nieora, Z. E. 

Riigolo de Agrasar, 0. Morronc, J. Pensiero & A. M. 
Cialdella (1994). 



ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Foster, R. C. (1958); Marticorena, C. Munroa muUiflora Phil., Verz. Antofagasta 1*11. 90. 1891. T- 



& M. Quezada (1985); Renvoize, S. A. (1998); 
Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 

Agrasar, 0. Morronc, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella 
(1994). 



Protol.: Chile: TarapacS: pariter ad Calcalhuay lecta, 
F. Phllippi s,n. 
= Munroa andina Phil. 



SYN.: Ihmimufirna andimi (Phil.) Parodi; Hemimimroa Muni'oa squarrosa (Nult.) Torr, Pacif Railr. Rep. 4(5): 



andina (Phil.) Parodi var. andina; Hemimimroa 
nndina var. hreviseta (Haek.) Parodi; Munroa andina 
var. andinai Munroa andina var. brevisela Hack.; 
Munroa multijlora Phil. 

Munroa andina Phil, var andina, 
= Munroa andina Phil. 

Munroa andina var. hreviseta Hack., Annuairc Conscrv. Jard. 

Bot. Geneve 17: 294. 1914. T-Protol.: 
JuJLjy: Estacion 3 Cruces, 9 Apr 1909, IjHo 9645 
[Stuckert hb. 22443]. F.C.A Bol. T-Specim.: 1 of L 
Argentina: Jujuy: Estacion 3 Cruces, 9 Apr l909,LdIo 
9645 [IT: US (fragm. ex licit. W)]. 



Argentina: 



= Munroa andina Phil. 



Konigl. Ges. Wiss, 



Munroa argiMitina Griseb., Abh. 

Gottingen 24: 300. 1879. T-Protol.: Argentina. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Argentina: Cordoba and Santiago del 
Estero, Laguna de Poeho, Minas. Ct.: pr. Atajo [T]. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, ChiL 

LVL.ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Foster, R. C (1958); Hitchcock, A. 

S. (1927); Malthei, O., C Marticorena, R. Rodriguez, 

M. Kalin Arroyo, M. Mufioz, F. A. Squeo & G. 

Arancio (1997), Renvoize, S. A. (1998); Zuloaga, F. 

O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, 0. 

Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994). 

Munroa henfhamiana Hack, ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 3(3): 

357. 1898. T-Protol.: Argentina: Cordoba: Dcpt. 
Minas. en los monies ralos al E de la hmana de Pocho, 
21 Feb 1876, Uieronymus 435. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 

Argentina; Cordoba: Dc|)t. Minas, 21 Feb 1876, 
Uieronymus 435 [ill. K, IT: CORD, US (fragm.)]. 



158. 1857. Basionjni: Crypsis squarrosa ]^un. 
DST.:Cana, Mexi, USA. 
LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A, A. (1977); Correll, D. S. 

& M. C Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A, A. H 
Holmgren, N, H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977); 
Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-i-errari, and J. Valdes- 
Reyna (2000); Fernaid, M. (1950); Great Plains Flora 
Association (1986); Hickman. J. C (1993); 
Hitchcock, A. S, (1951); Hitchcock, C. L., A. 
Cronquist, M, Ownbcy & J. W. Thompson (1969); 
Moss, E. II (1983); Scoggan, 11. J. (1978 [1979]). 

SYN.: Crypsis squarrosa Nutt.; Munroa squarrosa var. 
jloccuosa Vasey ex Beal; Munroa squarrosa var, 
squarrosa. 

Munroa squarrosa wdi. Jloccuosa Vasey ex Beak Grass. N. 

Amer. 2: 456. 1896. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona [Peach 
Spnngs], Jones s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Arizona, 
7 Aug \^U,M.E Jones 4088 [IT: US-899721J. 
= Munroa squarrosa (Nutt.) Torr. 

Munroa squarrosa (Nutt.) Torr. var. squarrosa. 
= Munroa squarrosa (Nutt.) Torr. 



Mu 



16(3): 541. 1995. TYPE: Munroa Torn 



TRTD. BY: Soreng, R. J., G. Davidse, T. S. Filgueiras, E. J. 

Judziewicz, P. M. Peterson, and F. O. Zuloaga. 
NHT, Cynodonteae. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Peterson, P. M., R. D. Webster & J. 

Valdes-Reyna, (1995). 

Nardus gangitis L.,Sp. PI. 53. 1753. 
NOTE: nom. rej. prop. 1390, Taxon 48(1): 155-156 (1999), 

reccomended Taxon 49(4): 802 (2000). 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



175 



== Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

Nardus indica h f, Siippl. PI. 105. 1782. T-Specini.: 1 of 2. 

India: Habitat in Tranqacbaria, Koenlg s.n. [ST: 
LINN-73.8]. 2 of 2 India: "Habitat in Tranqucbaria", 
Koenigs.fL [T: LlNN-73.8]. 
= Microchloa indica (L. f.) P. Beauv. 

Nardus scorpioides Lam,, Tabl. Encycl. 1: 152. 1791. T- 

Specim.: 1 of L America, no date,/*, de Beauvois s.n. 
[IT: US-A865647 (fragm. ex P-LAM)J. 
= Ctenium aromaticiim (Walter) Alph Wood. 

Nazia Adans., Fam. IM. 2: 31, 582. 1763. TY?E: Nazia 

racemosa (T.) Kuntze. 
NOTE: nom. rejic 
= Tragus Haller. 

Nazia aliena (Sprcng.) Scribn., Bull. Div. Agrostol., 

U.S.D.A. 28, f 324. 1899. Y^'d^\ov\)\-\r.Luppago aliena 

Spreng. 
= Tragus bcrtcroniatius SchulL 

Nazia occideutaUa (Nccs) Scribn., Zoe 4(4): 386, 1894. 

Basionym: Tragus occidentalis Nees. 
= Tragus berteronianiis Schult. 

Nazia racemosa (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 780. 1891. 

Basionym: Cenchrus racemosus L. 
= Tragus racemosus (L.) All. 

Nazia racemosa var. aliena (Sprcng.) Scribn. & J.G. Sm., 

BulL Div. Agrostol., U.S.D.A. 4: 12. 1897. Basionym: 
Lappago aliena Spreng. 
= Tragus bcrteronianus Schult. 

Nazieae trib. Hitchc, U.S.D.A. Bull (1915-23) 772: 15. 

1920. 
NOTE: nom. illeg., generic name nom. rej. 

Neeragrostis Bush, Trans Acad. Sci. St. Louis 13(7): 178. 

1903. TYPE: Neeragrostis Meigeltiana Bush. 
= Eragrostis Wolf 



Neeragrostis contrerasii (R.W. Pohl) P.M. Peterson, 

Smithsonian Contr Bol. 87: 35. 1997. Basionym 
Eragrostis contrerasii R.W. Polil 
= Eragrostis contrerasii R.W. Pohl. 



Neesiochloa barbata (Nees) Pilg., Rcpert. Spec, Nov. Regni 

Veg. 48: 119. 1940. B-dsionym: Calotheca barbata 

Nees. 
DST.: Braz. 
LVL. ACCPTC: \. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Pilgcr, R. (1940); Rcnvoizc, S, A. 

(1984). 
SYN.: Briza barbata (Nees) Trin,; Calotheca barbata Nees; 

Chascolytrum barbatum (Nees) Kunth. 



NeoboUteloua Could. BoI. Soc. Argent Bot. 12: 106. 

1968. TYPE: Neoboutdoua hphostachya (Griseb.) 

Gould. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Cynodonteae NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1. 

Neobouteloua lophostachya (Griseb.) Gould, Bol. Soc. 

Argent. Bot. 12: ioS, f. 1-2. 1968. Basionym: 
Bouteloua lophostachya Griseb. 
DST.: Arge, Chil. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCP I'D. BY: Gould, F. W, ( 1 968); Marticorena, C. 

& M. Quezada (1985); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, 

Z. E. Ru£o!o de Agrasar, O. Morrone, J. Pcnsicro & 

A, MCialdella(1994). 
SYN.: Bouteloua lophostachya Griseb.; Bouteloua nana 

Griseb. 



NeOStapfia Burtt Davy, Erythea?: 43. 1899. 

REPLACED NAME: Stapfia Burtt Davy. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Orcuttieae.NO. ACCPTD. SPP.. \. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Crampton. B.. (1959). 
SYN.: Davyelia I lack.; Stapfiu Burtt Davy. 

Ncostapfia colusana (Burtt Davy) Burtt Davj-, Erythea 7: 43. 

1899. Basionym: Stapfia cohisana Burtt Davy. 

DST.: USA. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Hickman, J. C. (1993), Hitchcock, A. 

S. (1951), Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Recder, 

J. R. (1982). 
SYN.: Anthochloa colusana (Burtt Davy) S>Qnhn. \Da\yella 

colusana (Burtt Davy) \\dc^.\ Stapfia colusana Burtt 

Davy. 



Neeragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Bush, Trans. Acad. Sci. St. Nestlera'&i^wA. Nomencl. Bot. (cd. 2) 2: 192. 1841 



Louis 13: 180. 1903. Basionym: Poa hypnoides l.m-\. 
= Eragrostis hypnoides (Lam.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 

Neeragrostis reptans (Michx.) Nicora, Revista Argent. 

Agron. 29: 5. 1963. Basionym: Poa reptans M\ch\. 
= Eragrostis reptans (Michx.) Nees. 

Neeragrostis weigeltiana Bush, Trans. Acad. Sci. St, Louis 

13(7): 178. 1903. T-ProtoL: Surinam, 1827, Weigeh. 
NOTE: nom. altcrn., cites Poa weigeltiana Rchb. ex Trin., 

nom. inval. (see 'dho Eragrostis w.), 
= Eragrostis reptans (Michx,) Nees. 



Neesiochloa Pilg., Rcpert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 48; 

119. 1940. TYPE: Neesiochloa barbata (Nees) Pilg. 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NHT; Cynodonteae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1. 



NOTE: nom nud., non Sprengel 1818. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Nestlera fcstuciformis Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot. (cd. 2) 

2:192. 1841. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn of Eutriana bromoides Trin. 
- Bouteloua radicosa (E. Fourn.) Grinilhs. 

Nevroctola Raf , Neogenyton 4. 1825. 
NOTE: nom. supcrfl. pro Uniola, 
= Uniola L, 

Nevroctola maritima Raf ex B.D. Jacks., Index Kew. 2: 311. 

1894. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Uniola paniculata L. 

= IJnioIa paniculata L. 

Nevroctola paniculata Raf ex ILD. Jacks., Index Kew. 2: 

311. 1894. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. id{ Uniola paniculata L. 

= Uniola paniculata L. 



176 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



Neyraudia Ilook. f., FI. Brit. India 7: 305. 1896. TYPE: 

Neyraudia madagascariensis (Kimtli) I look, f. 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P, M. 

NHT: CynotloiUeae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1. 

CNSLTD. LIT.: ConertJI. J., (1959). 

Neyraudia anmdhiacea var. zoUingeri (Biise) Hciirard, 

Bluiiica 3: 439. 1940. ^dsxonym: A r undo zoUingeri 
Biisc. 

= NcyramJia rcynaiidiana (Kunth) Kcng e\ Hitchc. 

Neyraudia madagascariensis \^x,zoUingcri (Biisc) Hook, f, 

Fl. Brit. India 7: 305. 1897. Basionym: Arundo 

zoUingeri Busc, 
= Neyraudia reynaudiana (Kuiilh) Keng ex Hitchc. 

Neyraudia reyiiaudiana (Kunth) Keng ex Hitchc, Amer. J. 

Bot. 21(3): 131. 1934. Bi\s\onym:Arundo reynaudiana 
Kunth. 

DST.:Mcxi, USA. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Bor, N. L. 

(1960); Concrt, H. J. (1959); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. 
L(^pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); Godfrey, 
R. K. & J. W. Wooten (1979); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Long, R. W. & O. Lakcla (1971); Wunderlin, 
R. P. (1998). 

SYN.: Arundo reynaudiana K.\m{\r^ Arundo zoUingeri Biise; 

Neyraudia arundinacea var zoUingeri (Biise) 
HcJirard, Neyraudia madagascariensis \zx. zoUingeri 
(BUse) Hook, r.; Phragmites zoUingeri {Bust) Slcud. 

Opizia]. Prcsl, Rcliq. HacnL 1(4-5): 293, t. 41, f. 1-1 1. 1830. 

TYPL: Opizia stolonifera J. Prcsl. 
= Bouteloiia Lag. 

Opizia hracteata McVaugh, Fl. Novo-Galiciana 14: 269-270, 

f. 16a-e. 1983, T-Protol.: Mexico: Michoacan: wooded 
hills, roadsides, grassy openings in tropical deciduous 
forest, along the road from Apatzingan to Aguililla. ca. 
16 mi S ol the steel bridge over the Rfo Tepalcatepec, 
elv. 1450 m, novvering, 14 Sep \95^,McVaugh 17818 
LHT:MICH]. 
= Boutcloua bractcafa (McVaugh) Columbus. 

Opizia siohnifera J. Prcsl, Reliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 293, t. 41, f. 

1-11. 1830, T-Protol.: Hab. ad Acapulco,//ac/7fc s.n. 

T-Spcciin : 1 of I. Mexico: Guerrero: Acapulco, 
Ilacnke s.n. [HT: PR, IT; US (fragm.)]. 
= Bouteloua diniorpha Columbus. 



OrCUttia Vasey, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 13: 219. 1886. 

. TYPL: Orcuttia caUfornica Vasey. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Orcutlicae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 5. 

Orcuttia californica Vasey, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 13: 219, 

pi. 60. 1886. T-Protol.: Mexico: Baja California: near 
San Qucntin Bay, C./?. Orcutt s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Baja California Norte: near San Quintin Bay, 
21 Apr 1886, C.R. Orcuti 1439 [HT: US-81384; IT: 
ARIZ, DS, MEXU, MO-1S37553, UC]. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Abrams, L. (1923); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and L 
Valdes-Reyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran 



(1981); Hickman, J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, A. S. 
(1951); Munz, P. A. (1974), Recder, J. R. (1982). 
SYN.: Orcuttia caUfornica v?iT, caUfornica. 

Orcuttia californica Vasey \^v. caUfornica. 
= Orcuttia californica Vasey. 

Orcuttia californica var. inaequalis (Hoover) Hoover, Bull. 

Torrey Bot. Club 68(3): 154-155. 194L Basionym: 
Orcuttia inacqualis I loover 
= Orcultia inacqualis Hoover. 

Orcuttia caUfornica var. viscida Hoover, Bull. Torrey Bot. 

Club 68(3): 155. 1941. T-Protol.: USA: California: 
Sacramento Co.: 7 mi S of Folsom, f hover 3709 [FFT: 
UC]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: California: Sacramento 
Co.: S of Folsom. 30 Jul l93iJIoover 3709 [HT: UC; 
IT:DS, US-1789362]. 
= Orcuttia viscida (Hoover) Recder. 

Orcuttia fragiUs Swallcn, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 34(9): 308. 

1944. T-Protol.: Mexico: southern Baja California, on 
playa, sandy clay, at Llano Dirai, Magdalcna Plain, 
within the limits of the Sonoran Desert,// S. Gentfy 
4192 [HT: US-1865489]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Baja California Sur: Magdalcna Plain, Llano Dirai, 
sandy clay, an abundant forage grass over the great 
flood plain following rain stoage; reported excellent 
for cattle, 7 Jan 1939, U.S. Gentry 4192 [HT: US- 
1865489; IT: ARIZ, DS, UC, US-2209357], Rceder, 
Madroflo 30. 308 (1981), reports the actual locality to 
be: Llanos de Hiray, a few miles south of EI Refugio. 
= Tuctoria fragilis (Sw alien) Rccdcr. 

Orcuttia greenei Vasey, Bot. Gaz. 16(5): 146. 1891. T- 

Protok: USA: California: collected on moist plains of 
the upper Sacramenton ear Chico, Jun 1890, E.L 
Greene s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: California: Butte 
Co.: near Chico, Jun 1890, Greene s.n. [HT: US- 
81385]. 

NOTE: as Orcuttia "Greenei", 

= Tuctoria greenei (Vasey) Recder. 

Orcuttia inacqualis Hoover, Madroflo 3: 229. 1936. T- 

Protol.: USA: California: Satnislaus Co,: Montpellier, 

28 May 1935, Hoover 582 [HT: UC-534128]. T- 

Specim.: I of 1. USA: California: Stanislaus Co.: 

M(Miipellicn 28 May ]935. R.F. Hoover 582 [HT: UC; 
IT: US-1645282]. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Hickman, J. C. (1993), Recder, J. R. 

(1982). 

SYN.: Orcuttia caUfornica var. inacqualis (Hoover) 

Hoover. 

Orcuttia nnicronata Crampton, MadroHo 15: 107, f 2-3. 

1959. T-Prolok: USA: California: Solano Co.: 12 mi S 
of Dixon, 1 Aug \9'5^,Crampton 5057 [HT: AlIUC]. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: California: Solano Co.: 12 mi 
S of Dixon, 1 Aug 1958. B Crampton 5077 [HT: 
AHUC; IT: CAS, DS, JEPS, UC, US-224 1 392]. 
- Tuctoria mucrunata (Crampton) Reeder. 

Orcuttia pilosa Hoover, Bull. Torrey Bot, Club 68(3): 155- 

156. 194L T-ProtoL: USA: California: Stanislaus Co.: 
12 mi E of Waterford, Hoover 3624 [HT: UC]. T- 
Specim.: ! of 1. USA: California: Stanislaus Co.: E of 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



177 



Waterford, 10 Jul 1938, //oover 3624 [IIT: UC; IT: 
DS, US-1789361.US-1815889]. 

DST.; USA, 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY; Hickman, J. C. (1993), Hitchcock, A. 

S. (1951), Muiu, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Reeder, 
J. R. (1982). 

Orcuttia tenuis Hitchc, Amer. J. Bot. 21(3): 131. 1934. T- 

Protol.: USA: California: Shasta Co., collected in open 
sandy oil. Goose Valley, 29 Jun 1912,^. Eastwood 
1 01 3 = Amer. Grass. Natl. Herb. 686 [UJ: US- 
734402]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: California: Shasta 
Co.: Goose Vailcv. 29 Jiin 1912, .4 Eastwood 1013 
[HT: US-734402,'lT: CAS, MO-8489I3, RM, UC]. = 
Amer. Grass Nat, Herb. 686. 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Hickman, J. C. (1993); Hitchcock, A. 

S. (1951); Munz, P. A. & D. D. Keck (1959); Reeder, 

J. R. (1982). 

Orcuttia viscida (Hoover) Reeder, Phytologia 47(3): 221 



= Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr. 



Ottochloa malabarica (L.) Dand>, J. Bot. 69(2): 55. 1931 

Basionyni: Poa malabarica L. 

NOTE: nom. rej., basionym rej. [ICBN art. 56.2]. 
= Leptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Oxydenia Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. PI. 1: 76. 1818. TYPE: 

Eleusine filiformis Pcrs.; LT designated by Pfeiffer, 
Nomencl, Bot. 2:554(1873). 
= I.cptocliloa P. Beauv. 

Oxydenia filiformis f^uH ex B.D. Jacks., Index Kew. 2: 392. 

1894. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Leptochloa fliformis (Lam.) 

P, Beauv. 
= Leptochloa panicca subsp. brachiata (Steud ) N, Snow. 

Oxydenia virgata Nutt. ex B.D. Jacks., Index Kew. 2: 392. 

1894. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. 

Beauv. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 



1980. Basionym: Orcuttia californica var. viscida Pcj/Zav/tj Scop., Intr. Hist. Nat. 72. 1777. ; not designated 



Hoover, 

DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC; 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Hickman, J. C. (1993); Reeder, J. R 

(1982). 
SYN.; Orcuttia californica var. viscida Hoover. 



OrCUttieae trlb. Reeder, Madrofio 18: 20. 1965. TYPE: 

Orcuttia Vasey. 
TRTD. BY: Sorcng, R. J., G. Davidse, T. S. Filgiieiras, E. J. 

Judziewicz, P. M, Peterson, and V. O. Zuloaga, 
NHT: Chloridoideae. 

CNSLTD. LIT.: Roalson, E. H. & J. T. Columbus. (1999); 

Reeder, J. R., (1982); Reeder, J. R., (1965). 

Ostcrdamia Neck, ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 781. 1891. 

TYPE: Osterdamia matrella (L.) Kuntze. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. pro Zoysia. 
= Zoysia Willd. 

■ 

OstcrJamiajaponica (Stcud.) Hitchc, U.S.D.A. Bull (1915- 

23) 772: 166. 1920. Basionym: Zoysia japonica Steud. 
^ Zoysia japonica Steud. 

Osterdamia matrella (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 781. 

1891. Basionym: Agrosth matrella L. 
= Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr 

Osterdamia tcmnfolia (Willd. ex Thiele) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. 

PI. 2: 781. 1891. Basionym: Zoy^/r^ tenuifolia Willd. 

ex Thiele. 
= Zoysia tenuifolia Willd. ex Thiele. 

Osterdamia zoysia Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 36: 1 13. 1922. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. supcrfl. for Agrostis matrella L. 
= Zoysia matrella (L ) Merr. 

Osterdamia zoysia var. tenuifolia (Willd. ex Thiele) Honda, 

Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 36: 113. 1922. 
= Zoysia matrella (L.) Merr. 

Osterdamia zoysia var. typica Honda, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 36: 

113. 1922. 
NOTH: nom. inval., see ICBN Art. 24.3. 



NOTE: horn, illeg. 
= Crypsis Aiton. 

Panicularia hrevifoUa (Miihl.) Porter, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 

20: 205. 1893. Basionym: Fcstvca brevifolia Mulil. 
= Triplasis purpurea (Walter) Chapm. 

Panicum dactylon L, Sp. PL I: 58. 1753. T-Protol.: In europa 

australi. T-Specim.: 1 of I. Portugal: Bascado no Pinax 
de Bauhin, A}7on. [LT: LlNN-80.35], LT designated by 
Clayton & Harlan, Kew Bull. 24: 185-189 (1970). 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Panicum festucoides Poir, Encycl., SuppL 4: 283. 1816. T- 

Protol.: "Cette plante croit dans les Indes orientales.", 

V.s. in herb. Desv. 
= Tridens flavus (L.) Hitchc. 

Panicum glumaepatulum Steud., Syn. Pi. Glumac. 1: 41. 

1853. T-Protol.: Ins. Philipp., A/iTi. Cuming 550. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Philippines: Luzon, O/mmg 550 [HT: 

P; IT; L, MO]. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L) Pcrs. 

Panicum malabaricum (L.) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 4: 248. 

1909. Basionym: Poa malabarica L. 
NOTE; nom. rej,, basionym rej. [ICBN art. 56.2]. 
= Leptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Panicum microspermum (Lag.) E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 492. 

1886. Basionym: Milium microspermum Lag. 
= Mnhlenberj^ia miiiutissima (Steud.) Swallcn. 

PamcumtoJi/Z/Zan/wSchrank, SylLPl.Nov. 1: 192. 1824. T- 

Protol.; "Patria: Habitat in Brasilia inter Tcjnco et 
Bahiam, ubi D. de Martius scmina collegit.". T- 
Specim.: 1 of 2. [see next record]. 2 of 2. cullivalcd in 
Regensburg from seeds collected in Brazil, Martius 
s.n. [HI": M]. 

NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E. NAME: Panicum tcnuiflorum R. Br. 

= Sporobolus lenuissinius (Mart, ex Schrank) Kuntze. 



Panicum temiissimum Mart, ex Schrank, Denkschr. Konigl.- 



Baier Bot. Gcs. Regensburg 2: 26. 
of 1. Cultivated in Munich fron 



1822. T-Spccim.: 1 
seeds collected in 



178 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; II. 



Brazil, Marlins s.n. [ilT: M]. mcrotypic with Vilfa 
minuti/Jora Tr'm. 

NOTE: t>pc grown from same seed source as Vilfa 

nilniitijlora Trin. 
= Sporobolus tcnuissiinus{Mart. ex Schraiik) Kuntzc. 



Pappophoreae trib. Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. 1: 82. 

1829. TYPE: Pappophorum Sclircb. 
TRTD. BY: Sorcng, R. J., G. Davidse, T. S. Filguciras, E. J. 

Judzicwicz, P. M. Peterson, and F. O. Zuloaga. 
NUT: Chloridoideac. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Rccder, J. R., (1965). 

Pappophorinae subtrib. Duniorl., Anal. Fam. PI. 63. 1829 

TYPE: Pappophorum Schreb. 
NOTE: as 'Tappoplioreae". 

PappopJioroideae subfani. BLirmeist., Handb. Nalurgesch. 

205. 1 837. TYPE: Pappophorum Schreb. 
NOTE: as "Pappophorae". 



= Pappophorum vrtginatum Buckley. 

Pappophorum hicolor E. Fourn, ex Uemsl., Biol Cent.- 

Amer., But. 3: 568. 1885. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 

CORRECT NAME: Pappophorum bicolor E. Foum. 
= Pappophorum bicolor E. Fourn. 

Pappophorum bicolor E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 133. 1886. T- 

Protol.: Mexico: Cerro de las Minas et Toluca, 

Karwinsky 1483 [IT: US^899499]. T-Specinv: I of 1. 

Mexico, Karmnsky 1483 [IT: lJS-899499 (fragm. ex 
LE)]. 

DST.: Mexi, USA. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M C. Johnston (1970); 

Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J. Valdcs- 

Reyna (2000); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Reeder. J. R. 

&L. J.Toonn(1989). 
SYN.: Pappophorum hicolor E. Fourn. ex HcinsL 

Pappophorum boreale Griscb., FI. Ross. 4: 404. 1852. T- 



Pappophorum Schreb., Gen. PI. 2: 787. 1791. 

TYPE: Pappophorum alopecuroidcum Vahl. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NMT: Pappophoreae, NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 8. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Reeder, J, K & L. J. Toolin, (1989). 

SYN.: Pappophorum sect. Polyraphis Trin.; Polyraphls 

(Trin.) Lindk 

Pappophorum alopecurokleum Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 10, I. 5L 

1794. T-Protol.: Ad fodiiias hi^iulae Spanish Town 
Ainericae, von Rohr s.n,. may refer to Spanish Town, 



Protol.: I lab. in Sibirae baikalensis rupibus 
Selengam, Turcz. 



as 



= Enneapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 

Pappophorum boreale C.C. Gmcl. ex B. Fedt.sch., Izv. Imp. 

Bot. Sada Petra Velikago 14(Suppl. 2): 67. 1915. 
NOTE: without description, nom. nud. or hom. illeg., cited 

Czernaevia rupesirls Turc/.. P. phleoides Turcz . and 
Raspatia rupesirls Turcz. 
E. NAME: Pappophorum boreale Griscb. 
= Enneapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 



Jamaica, but we have no specimen from that isliand. Pappophorum brachystachyum ,!ai:b. & Spach, Ann. Sci. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Jamaica: Spanish Town, vo/i /?o/jr ^al., Bot., ser. 3, 14: 365, 1850. T-Protol.: Arabia 



s.n. [Iff J. 2 of 2. Jamaica: Spanish Town, von Rohr 
s.n. [HT: MA?, BAA(fragm.)]. 
^ Pappophorum pappifcrum (Lam J Kuntze. 

Pappoplwrum alopecuroidcum fo. coerulescens Stuck., 

Anales Mus. Nac. Buenos Aires II: 122. 1904. T- 
Protol.: Aigcnihm.Stuckerf [Ilrb. arg. no 9167a] [JIT: 

Stueker Ilrb,]. 
DST.: Arge. 
= Status not yet determined. 

Pappophorum alopecuroidcum x^r.glabrum Doll, FI. Bras. 

2(3): 59. 1878. T-Protof: Brazil, Gray cards give as: 
[var.]. 

= Pap[K)plioium pappiferum (Lam.) Kuntze. 

Pappophorum alopecuroidcum \ds. pihsiusculum Doll, Ff 

Bras. 2(3): 59. 1878. T-Protol: Brazil: in sabulosis 
maritimis prope Bahia, Salzmann 713 [IT: K], Gray 
cards give as: [var.]. 
= Papin>phoruni pappiferimi (Lam.) Kuntze. 

Pappophorum apcrtum Muiiro ex Scribn., Bull. Torrey But. 

Club 9: 148. IS82. T-Protol.: USA: Arizona: mesas 
near Camp Lowell, Pringle s.n. [I IT: US]. T-Spccim.: 
1 of 1. USA: Arizona. 1881, C.G. Pringle s.n, [IT: 
MO, US-899491]. 
- Pap[)()phorum vaginntiiui Buckley. 

Pappophorum apcrtum \'i\T,vagina!ufu (Buckley) Scribn. ex 



Felix, Taifa, /?o//a5,/?. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Arabia Felix, 
Taifa. Co//^ [HT: P]. 
= Enneapogon desvauxii P, Beauv. 

Pappophorum brachystachyum Jaub. & Spach, III. PI. Orient. 

4: 34, t. 324. 1850-1853 [1851]. T-Protol.: Arabia 

Felix, Taifa,Bo//a^./j. [HT: PJ. 
NOTE: isonym. 
= Enneapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 

Pa|)pophoruni caespitosum R.E. Fr., Nova Acta Regiae 

Soc. Sci. Upsal. 1: 177, t 9, f 5-6. 1905. T-Protol. : 
Argentina: Prov. Jujuy: Huancar ad Salinas grandes in 
fissuris rupium, 20 Nov 1901,F/7t^A- 804. T-Specim.: 1 
of 1. Argentina: Jujuy, 20 Nov ]90L/?.£'. Fries 804 
[IT: US-II62325J. 
DST.: Arge, Boli, Para. 
LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Nicora, E. G., M. E. De Paula, A. M. 

Faggi, M. del C. Mariano, A. M. Miante A., L. R. 
Parodi, C. A. Pctetin, F. A. Roig & Z. Rugolo de 
Agrasar (1978); Rccdcr, J. R. & L. J. Toolin (1989); 
Renvoize. S. A. (1998); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, 
Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. Morrone. J. Pensiero & 
A. M. Cialdella(1994). 

Pappophorum elongatum Sprcng., Syst. Veg. 4(2); 34. 1827, 

T-ProtoI.: Uruguay: Montevideo, Sellos.n. 
= Pappophorum pappifcnim (I am.) Kuntze. 



LIT Dewey, Conlr. U.S. Natl. I lerb. 2(3): 535. 1894. Pappophorum eutrianoides Trin, ex Nees, FI. Bras. Emmi. PI 
Basionym: Pappophorum vaginafum Buckley. 



NOTE; based on Pappophorum vaginntum Buckf 



2:414. 1829. 
NOTE: nom. invaf , as s>n. of Eutriana nuiltiseta Nees. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



179 



^ lioutcloua mcgapolamica (Sprciig.) Kuntze. 

Pappophorum fasciculatwn Ch'iov., PI. Nov. Minus Not. 

Aethiopia 31. 1928. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Somali 

Republic, Puccioni & Stcfcmini 506 [ST: FI]. 
== Enncapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 

Pappophorum figarianum Fig. & De Not., Mem. Reale 

Accad. Sci. Torino, ser 2, 12: 254. 1852. T-Spcclm.: 1 
of ! . Sudan, Figari s n. [T]. 
= Enncapogon desvauxii P, Bcauv. 

Pappophorum hassleri Hack., Bull. Herb. Boissicr, ser. 2. 

4(3): 280. 1904. T-ProtoL: Paraguay: in arcnosis prope 
flumcn Capibary, scpjiassler 4456, T-Spccim.: 1 of 
1. Paraguay: fl. C^'^\h■^^^JIassler 4456 [IT: US-76118 
(fragm. ex Dclcsscrt)]. 
NOTC: as Pappophorum "/lassleri". 

DS r.: Para. 

LVL.ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Rccdcr, J. R. & L. J. Toolin (1989). 

Pappophorum jam'micmum Coss. & T. Durand & Boiss., Fl. 

Orient. 5:558. 1884. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. 
= Enncapogon desvauxii P. Beauv. 

Pappophorum krapovickasii Roscng., Comun. Bot. Mus. 

Hlbt. Nat. Montevideo 4(58): 1, text f. 1975. T-Protol.: 
Paraguay: Chaco: Mariscal Estigarribia, 22.00S 
60.42W, en claros de monte, 24 Jan \95Q,Rosengurtt 

B-58I6[\n\UVV\l 
DST.: Argc, Boli, Bra?, Para. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allem, A. C. & J. F. M. Vails 

(1987); Kilieen, T. J. (1990); Reeder, J. R. & L. J. 

Toolin (1989), Rcnvoi/e, S. A. (1998), Zuloaga, F. 

0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. 

Morrone, J. Pcnsiero &i A. M. Ciaidclla (1994). 

Pappophorum laguroidcwn Schrad. ex Schult., Mant. 2: 342. 

1824. T-Protol.: In India occidentali. T-Spccim.: 1 of 
1 . [IT: B, BAA-2007 (fragm. ex B)]. 

= Pappophorum pappifcriim (Lam ) Kunt/e. 

Pappophorum macrospenuum Roseng., B.R. Arill. & Izag.. 

Gram. Urug. 397, f 178. 1970. T-Protol.: Uruguay: 
Rivera: ruta 30 cntrc Bajada de Pcna y A. Rubio 
Chico, 7 Feb 1966, /)c7 Puerto & Marches} 6080 [IIT: 
MFVA]. 
= Pappophorum pbilippiaiium Parodi. 



= Enncapogon desvauxii P. Bcauv. 

Pappophorum molle (Lehm.) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 255. 1833. 

Basionym: Enncapogon mollis Lehm. 
^ Enncapogon mollis Lehm. 

Pappophorum mucronulatnm Nees, Fl. Bras. Enum. PI. 2: 

412. 1829. T-Protol.: Habitat in capis interioribus 
provinciae Bahiensis, et campis Mimoso dictis, 
provinciae Piauhiensis, Martius s.n,, syntypes. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 2. Brazil, ISM.Marlius s.n. [1ST: LE- 
TRIN"2199.01, M]. 2 of 2. Brazil: Bahia,Afa/7/i^j s.n. 
[ST: B, 1ST: BAA-2012 (fragm. ex B), US-76117 
(fragm. ex M)]. 
DST.: Braz, Colo, Hond, Vcnc. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD, BY: Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. 

(1970); Corrcll, D, S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Davidse, G. (1994), Davidsc, G., M. Sousa S. & A. 
O. Chater (editores generales) (1994); Doll, J. C. 
(1878); Filgneiras, T. S. (1999); Foster, R. C. (1958); 
HitclKOckrA. S. (1927); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951), 
Reeder. J. R. & L. J. Toolin (1989); Renvoize, S. A. 
(1984), Shreve, F. & L L. Wiggins (1964); Tovar, 6. 

(1993). 
SYN.: Pappophorum pappifcrum w^r.mucronulatum (Nces) 

Kunlze, 

Pappophorum mucromilatum fo. elatior Stuck., Anales Mus. 

Nac. Buenos Aires 11: 123. 1904. T-ProtoL: 
Argentina: el los inimediasciones de Cordoba: 27 Jan 
1903 [first cited Index of Grass Species], Stuckert 
[herb. arg. 12682], syntypes. 
= Pa[>p(>phorum vaginatnni Buckley. 

Pappophorum mucrorndatum fo. intermedia Hack., Anales 

Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 21: 123. 1911. T- 
ProtoL: Argentina: Rioja: La Diana, 12 Mar 1907, 

Stuckert 17259. 
= Pappophorum philippianuin Parodi. 

Pappophorum mucronulatum var. subsimplex I lack, ex 

Stuck., Anales Mus. Nac. Hist. Nat. Buenos Aires 13: 
495. 1906. T-Protul.: Argentina: Cordoba, 5/wc/:e/-/ 
herb. arg. 3853, 
= Pappophorum philippianum l*arodi. 

Pappophorum mucronulatum \SLr. vagina turn (Piiii.) Hack., 

Anales Mus. Nac. Hi^t. Nat. Buenos Aires 21: 123. 
191 L Basionym: Pappophorum vaginatum Phil. 
= Pappophorum philippianum Parodi. 



Pappophorum macrostachyum Schrad, ex Schult., Mant. 2: Pappophorum nanum Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. I: 200. 1854. 

T-Protol. : Africa: Cape Verde Isls., Steudel cites "T. 
vincentianum J. A. Schmidt. Ins. St. Vincent.". 

NO'fC; nom. illeg. superfl 

CORRECT NAME: Pappophorum vincentianum J. A. 

Sclimidt. 
= Enncapogon desvauxii P. Bcauv. 



342. 1824. T-Protol.: In Brasilia, Pn>Jcv/75 Sereniss. 
Maximilian Neovidens s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Brazil: 
Barra de Vereda, Maximilian s.n. [HT: B; IT: BAA- 
2008 (fragm. ex B), K, US-76120 (fragm. ex B)]. 
= Pappophorum pappiferuni (Lam.) Kuntze. 

Pappophorum megapotanucum Spreng., Syst. Veg. 4(2): 34. 

1827. T-ProloL: Brasilia: rio Grande, Sella s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Brasil: Rio Grande, 5'e//o s.n. [HT: 
B?; US-72694 (fragm. ex B, herb. Sprengcl)]. 
= Boutcioua megapotamica (Spreng.) Kuntze. 

Pappophorum mexicanum Griseb. ex E. Fourn., Mexic. PL 2: 

133. 1886. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Mexico: Distrito 
Federal: Guadalupe, Aug, Bourgeau s.n. [ST]. 2 of 2. 
Mexico: Distrito Federal: in valle Mexicensi, 
Schaffner 184 [ST: US-76123 (fragm. ex W)]. 



Pappophorum pappifcrum (Lam ) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 

3(3): 365. 1898. Basionym: Saccharwn pappiferum 

Lam. 
DST.: Argc, Boli, Braz, Cari, Ecua, Gu) a, Mexi, Para, Peru, 

USA, Vene. 
LVL. ACCPTC: l. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Allem, A. C. & J. F. M. Valls 

(1987); Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. (1977); 

Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi (1993); Burkart, A. 



180 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: IL 



(1969); Catasus Gucrra, L. (1997); Espejo Soma, A., 
A. R. Lopez-Ferrari, and J, Valdes-Rcyna (2000); 
Gould, F, W (1979); Hitchcock, A. S. (1936); 
Jorgensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa U. (1994); Jorgctisen, P. 
M. & S. Le6n-YAnez (eds.) (1999); Judziewicz, E. J. 
(1990); Killccn. T. J. (1990); Lindcman, J. C. & A. L. 
SU.lTers (1963), Liogier, M. & L. Martorcll (1982); 
Rccdcr, J. R. & I. I Toolin (19S9); Renvoize, S. A. 
(1984); Renvoizc, S. A. (1998); Tovar, 6. (1993); 
Ziiloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 
Agrasar, O. Murrune, J. Pcnsicro & A. M. Cialdella 
(1994). 
SYN.; Pappophorum alopccwoidcum Vdhl; Pappophorum 

alopccuroidcum var. glabrwn DOll; Pappophorum 



alopccuroidcum 



var. 



piloshiscidum 



Doll; 



Pappophorum donga turn Sprcng.; Pappophorum 
laguroidcum Schrad. ex Schiilt.; Pappophorum 
macrostachyiim Schrad. ex Schult,; Pappophorum 

papplferum var. alopecurodes (Vahl) Kuntze; 
Pappophorum pappiferum \[\r higuroideum (Schrad. 
ex Schult.) Kuntze; Pappophorum polystachyum 
Kunth; Pappophorum saccharoides Griseb.; 
Saccharum pappiferum Lam. 

Pappophorum pappiferum \3r. alopecurodes (Vahl) Kuntze, 

Rcvis. Gen. PI. 3(3): 365. 1898. Basionym: 

Pappophorum alopecitroideum Vahl. 
= Pappophorum pappiferum (Lam.) Kuntze. 

Pappophorum pappiferum var. laguroideum (Schrnd. ex 

Schult.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PL 3(3): 365. 1898. 
Basionym: Pappophorum laguroideum Schrad. ex 
Schult. 
NOTE: as Pappophorum laguroideum. 
= Papp(iphoium pappiferum (Lam.) Kuntze. 

Pappophorum pappiferum \i\rjnucromdatum (Noes) Kuntze, 

Revis. Gen. PI. 3(3): 365. 1898. Basionym: 
Pappophorum mucronulatum Nccs. 

= Pappophnrnm mucronulatum Nees. 

Pa{)[)()pli(>rum philippianuin Parodi. Notas Mus. La Plata, 

But. S(40): 79. 1943. 

REPLACED NAME: Pappophorum vaginatum Pliil. 

BLOCKING NAME: Pappophorum vaginatum Buckley. 

DST.: Arge, Boli, Chil, Mcxi, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000); Filguciras, T. S. 
(1999); Nicora, E. G,. M. E. De Paula, A. M. Faggi, 
M. del C. Mariano, A. M. Miante A., L. R. Parodi, C. 
A. Petctin, F. A. Roig & Z. Rugolo de Agrasar 
(1978), Reedcr, J. R. & L. J. Toolin (1988); Rccder, 
J. R. & L. J. Toolin (1989); Rcnvoize, S. A. (1998); 
Zultiaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 

Agrasar. O. Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella 
(1994). 

SYN.: Pappophorum macrospermum Roseng.. D.R. Arill. & 

Izag.; Pappophorum mucronulatum fo. intermedia 

Hack.; Pappophorum mucronulatum \2iX.subsimplex 

Mack, ex Stuck.; Pappophorum mucronulatum var. 

vaginatum (Phil.) Mack,; Pappophorum vaginatum 

Piiil. 

Pappophorum phleoides Turcz., Bull Soc. Imp. Naturalistes 

Moscou29(l):30. 1856. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. 

Griseb. 



of Pappophorum boreale 



= Enncapogon dcsvauxii P. Bcauv. 

Pappophorum polystachyum Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 2: 435, t. 

131. 1 83 1. T-Protol.: Uruguay: Crcscit propc 
Montevideo. 
= Pappoph(irum pappiferum (Lam.) Kuntze. 

Pappophorum pusillum (Rcndle) K. Scluim., Just's BoL. 

Jahresber. 27: 458. 190 1. Basionym: Enneapogon 
pusillus Rendle. 
= Enneapogon dcsvauxii P. Bcauv. 

Pappophorum saccharoides Griseb., Abh. Konigl. Ges. Wiss. 

Gottingcn 24: 301. 1879. T-Protol.: Paraguay: C: in 
rupibus pr. S. Muri'd^ Balansa 288a. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. 
Paraguay, Balansa 288a [ST]. 2 of 2. Argentina: 
Cordoba: an einem Felscn zwischen Cosquin und 

Santa Maria, 27 Jan 1876, G. Hieronymus 281 [ST: B; 
1ST: BAA-2017 (fragm. ex B), US-761 16 (fragm, ex 
Griseb. herb.)], 
= Pappophorum pappiferum (Lam.) Kuntze. 

Pappophorum subbulbosum Arechav., Anales Mus. Nac. 

Montevideo 1: 405, t. 48. 1896. T-Protol.: Uruguay: 
Montevideo, Punla Brava, terrcnos arcnosis, Paso de 
los Toros, caiiipos secos, aridos, Mercedes campos 
arcnsoso de las orillas del Rio Negro. T-Spccinr: I of 

1. Uruguay: Montevideo, no dale,./. Arechavaleta s.n. 
[IT: US-899538]. 
= Pappophorum vaginatum Buckley. 

Pappophorum vaginatum Buckley, Prelim. Rep. Surv. 

Texas App. 1. 1866. T-Prolol.: USA: Texas, western 
Texas. T-Specim.: 1 of L USA: Texas, May 1849-Oct 
1849, C Wright S03 [IT: US-76124]. 
DST.: Arge, Mcxi, Para, USA, Urug. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986), Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. L6pcz-Fcrrari, and J. 
Valdes-Rcyna (2000); Gould, F. W. & R. Moran 
(1981); Reeder, J. R. & L. J. Toolin (1989); Zuloaga, 
F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de Agrasar, O. 
Morrone, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella (1994), 

SYN.: Pappophorum apertum Munro ex Scribn.; 

Pappophorum apertum var. vaginatum (Buckley) 
Scribn. ex LAI. Dewe) , Pappophorum mucrotudatum 
fo. elatior Stuck.; Pappophorum subbulbosum 
Arechav. 

Pappophorum vaginatum Phil, Anales Univ. Chile 36: 206. 

1870. T Protol.: Argentina: Mendoza. T-Specim.: 1 of 
1. Mendoza, Anon. [I IT: SGO; IT: B, BAA-2025 
(fragm. ex B), US-1939964 (fragm. ex SGO)]. 

NOTL:hom.illeg. 

E. NAME: Pappophorum vaginatum Buckley. 

CORRECT NAME: Pappophorum phitippianum Parodi. 

= Pappophorum philippianum Parodi. 

Pappophorum vincentianum J. A. Schmidt, Beitr. Fl. Cap 

Verd. Ins. 144. 1852. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Cape Verde 
Islands, BoUes s.n. [IT: KJ. 
= Enneapogon dcsvauxii P. Beauv. 

Pappophorum wrightii S. Watson, Proe. Anici. Acad. Arts 

18: 178. 1883. T-Specim,: 1 of 3. Mexico: Coahuila: 
Parras, 1880, E. Palmer 1361 [ST: Gil]. 2 of 3. USA: 
Texas: Devils River, 185 1-1852, C. JVright 2029 [ST: 
US-76126]. 3 of 3. USA: Texas: Llano Estacado, in 

deep ravines, C Wright 751 [ST]. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



181 



= Enneapogon desvauxii P. Bcauv. 

Pappophorum sect Polyraplns Tnn., Mem. Acad. Imp, Sci. 

St-Pctersbourg, Scr. 6, Sci. Math. 1(1): 91. 1830. 
TYPH: Pappophonim alopecuroideum Vahl. 
= Pappophorum Schreb. 

Paspalum cynosuroides (L.) Brot., FI. Lusit. 1: 83. 1804. 

Basionym: Daciylis cynosuroides L. 
= Spartina cynosuroides (L.) Roth. 



Paspalum dactylon (L.) Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 176. 1791 

Basion) m: Panicum dactylon L. 
= Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 



LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Brako, L. & J. 

L. Zarucchi (1993); Brccdiove, D. E. (1986); 
Davidse, G., M, Sousa S. & A. 0. Chater (editnrcs 
generales) (1994); Espejo Serna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); Filgueiras, T. S. 

(1991); Hitchcock, A. S. (1927); Jergensen, P. M. & 
S. Leon-Y^nez (eds.) (1999); McCIure, F. A. (1955); 
Muller, C, G. K. MQlIcr & P. Gutte (1981), Peterson, 
P. M. (2000); Pohl, R. \V. (1980); Tovar, 6. (1986); 

Tovar,6. (1993). 
SYN.: Miihknbergia beyricbianum Kiinth; Pereilema 

brasiUanum Trin. 



Paspalum superbum Sprcng., Syst. Veg. 1: 248. 1825. T- Pereilema brasiUanum Tun., Mem. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint- 

Pctersbourg, Ser. 6, Sci. Matli., Secondc Pt. Sci. Nat. 



Protol.: Brasil. 
= Kustachys distichophylla (Lag.) Nces. 

Paspalum tenuissimum M.E. Jones, Contr. W. But. 18: 24. 

1935. T-PiotoL: On the prairie at the Laguna Mts., 
Lower California, lower temperate hlc zone, 6500 ft, 
and along the down trail, 22 Sep 1930, A/.i". Jones 
27584. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Baja California, 24 



6,4(3-4): 382. 1841. T-Proto!.: Brazil. T-Specim.: 1 of 
2. Brazil: in nemoribus Serr. d'os Oxgos, Bcyriclt s.n. 
[ST: 1ST: US-0090604 (fragm. ex LE)], OM: LE- 
TRIN 1520.01, 1520.02. 2 of 2. Brazil: in locis cultis 

prope Summodorio, Ricdcl. s.n [ST], 
= Pereilema bcyrichianum (Kiinth) Hitchc. 



Sep 1930, M.E. Jones 27584 [HT: POM; IT: US- Pereilema ciliatum E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 93. 1886. T- 



1614906]. 

- Microchloa kunthii Desv. 

Paspalum umhellatum Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 177. 1791. T- 

Protol.: Insula Franciae, Commerson s.n. T-Specim.: 1 
of I. Mauritius, no date,/*. Commerson s.n. [HT: P; 
IT:US-2856012(riagm.)]. 

- Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Pechea Lapcyr, Suppl. PL Pyr. 8. 1818. 
NOTE: in syn. sub Crypsis schoenoides (L.) Lam. 

= Crypsis Alton. 

Pentarrhaphis Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 177. 1815 [1816]. 

TYPE: Pentarrhaphis scabra Kunth. 

Pentarrhaphis annua Swallen, Ceiba 4(5): 286. 1955. T- 

Protul.: Honduras: El Parafso: road to Yuscaran, El 
Limonal, on bare rocks, 18 Oct 1951,7. R. S\vaUen 
10861 [HT: US'207668O]. T-Specim.: 1 of L 
Honduras: El Parafso, 18 Oct 1951, JR. Swallen 
10861 [HT: US-2076680]. 

- Bouteloini swallenii Columbus. 



Pentarrhaphis polymorpha (E. Fourn.) Griffiths, Contr. U.S. 

Natl. Herb. 14(3): 357, f 21. 1912. Basionym: 
Athcropogon polymorphus E. Fourn. 
= Boutcloua polymorpha (E. Fourn.) Columbus. 

Pentarrhaphis scabra Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 178, t. 60. 

1815 [1816]. T-Protol.: Crescit in planatie montana 
Mexicana prope Tula et Queretaro, alt. 1000 hex., 

Humboldi & Bonpkmd s.n. [HT: Pj. 
= Boutcloua scabra (Kunth) Columbus. 



Pereilema J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 233. 1830. 

TYPE: Pereilema crinitum J. Presl. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Muhlcnbcrgiinae, NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 4. 

Pereilema bcyrichianum (Kunth) llitchc, Contr. U.S. NatL 

Herb. 24(8) 385. 1927. Basionym: Muhlenbergia 
beyricbianum Kunth. 
DST.: Braz, Colo, Ecua. Guat, Mexi, Peru, Vene. 



Specim.: 1 of 6. Mexico: Orizaba, ^ov.Bourg. 3328 
[ST; P; 1ST: GH, K, L, US-996083 (fragm. ex LE)]. 2 
of 6. Mexico: Orizaba, Nov, F. Mull. 2073 [ST: L, 
1ST: K, NY, US-996084 (fragm. in Herb. Col. 
College), US-996083 (fragm.)]. 3 of 6. Mexico: Valle 
dc Orizaba, Uo\,SchaJJn. 155 [ST: P; Herb. Franq. [P 
& PC]]. 4 of 6. Mexico: Cerro del Borreyo, Nov,.6o//. 
87 [ST: P]. 5 of 6, Mexico: Orizaba, Nov, Bott. 40 
[ST: P; herb. Franq. [P & PC]; 1ST: US-0090799 
(fragm. ex Pitt & Dur.), US-996083 (fragm, ex P)]. 6 
of 6. Mexico: Cordova, Jul, Schaffn. 274 [ST: P; herb. 
Franq. [P & PC]; 1ST: US-090800 (fragm. ex Pitl & 
Dur)], 
DST.: ElSa, Guat, Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Bcrendsohn, 

W. G. & A. E. Araniva de Gonzalez (1991); 
Breedlovc, D. E. (1986); Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & 
A. O. Chater (editores generales) (1994); Espejo 

Serna, A., A. R. L6pez-Ferrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); McVaugh, R. (1983); Peterson, P. M. (2000); 
Pohl,R. W. (1994). 

Pereilema crinitum J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 233, t. 37, 

f a-f 1830. T-Protol.: Hab. in ?iSinw\?i,Haenke s.n. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Panama. Ilaenke s.n. [I IT: PR- 
198058; IT: PR-849, LE-TRIN-1519.01 (& fig,), MO- 
3047510, US-0090603 (fragm.)]. 
DST.: Braz, Colo, CoRi, Ecua, ElSa, Guat, Ilond, Mexi, 

Pana, Vene. 
LVL, ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Berendsohn, 

W. G. & A. E. Araniva de GonzAlez (1991); 
Breedlove, D. E. (1986), Davidse, G., M. Sousa S. & 
A. O. Chater (editores generales) (1994); Espejo 
Serna, A., A. R. Lopoz-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna 
(2000); Gould. F. W. & R. Moran (1981); Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1927); Jorgcnsen, P. M. & S. Leon-Yanez 
(eds.) (1999); McClure, F. A. (1955); McVaugh, R. 
(1983); Molina R., A. (1975); Peterson, P. M. (2000); 
Pohl, R. W. (1980); Pohl, R. W. (1994); Reycs- 
Garcfa, A. & M. Suusa S. (1997); Shrcve, F. & L L. 
Wiggins (1964). 



182 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; II. 



SYN.: Pcrcilema crlnitiim van cirratum E. Fourn.; 

Pereilema criniium var. crinifum; Pereilema 
setarioides E. Fourn. 



Phalaris muricata Forssk., Fl. Acgypl.-Arab. 202. 1775. T- 

Protol,: Ad lillora Maris Marmorae. 
= Trugiis racemosus (L.) AIL 



Pereilema crinitum var, cirratum E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 93. Phalaris vaginiflora Forssk., Fl. Acgypl.-Arab. 18. 1775. T- 



1886. T-Spccim.: I of 11. Mexico: Veracruz: 
EscamcUa, Orizaba, 24-Ocl. -1 865-66, M Bour^eau 
3272 [ST: P; 1ST: K, U LE. Gil, US-996097,^US- 
996091 (fragm. ex LE)], ex Mus. Paris. 2 of IL 
[America]: Mexico: prope Cordova, W. Schaffner 275 
[ST: LE; 1ST: US~0090793 (fragm. ex Pitt.& Dur.)], 
W. Sciiaffner pi. Mcxic. 3 of 11. Mexico: Orizaba, 
October, F. MiUi 2068 [ST: 1ST: K, NY, IJS-99608S 
(fragm. ex LE), US-1 127006 (fragm. ex W)]. 4 of 1 1. 
Mexico: Orizaba, October, F Mull. 2072 {sT: 1ST: 
US-996087 (fragm. ex LE & fragm. ex W)]. 5 of 1 L 



Mexico: Orizaba, October. Thomas S Webber s.n. in 
herb. Duchinger [ST]. 6 of 11. Mexico: Orizaba, 
October, Doll. 81 [ST: P, 1ST: US-0090794 (fragm.)]. 
7 of 11. Mexico: Orizaba, October, So//. & Sum. 33 
[ST: P; 1ST: US-0090796 (fragm. ex herb. Pitt & 
Dur)]. 8 of IL Mexico: Orizaba, October, BotL & 
Sum. 87 [ST]. 9 of 1 1 . Mexico: Orizaba, October, /?c;//. 
^ Sum. 1272 [ST]. 10 of 11. Mexico: Orizaba, 
October, BoiL A Sum. 14S2 [ST]. 11 of 1 1. Mexico: 
Mirador, Hacienda del Senor Vos'c\do,Schaffn. 142 pi 
ed. Hohen. [ST. 1ST: US-0090797 (fragm, ex Herb. 
Buissicr)]. 
= Percik'ina crinitum J Presl, 

Pereilema crinitum J. Pres! var. crinitum. 
= Pereik'Mia crinitum J Presl. 

Pereilema diarulrum R.W. Polil. Novon 2(2): 102. 1992. T- 

Protol.: Costa Rica: Heredia: Puente Mulas, S of San 

Antonio, canyon of Rio Virilla, 850 m. 28 Nov 1968, 

R. W. Pohi & G. Davidse 11482 [IIT: ISC; IT: MO 

(fragm. ex LSC), USJ. 
DST.: CoRi. 
LVL. ACCPIC; 1. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Davidse, G. & R. W. Pohl (1992); Pleopogon Nutt., Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 4; 25. 21 



ProtoL: Egypt: Alexandriae. 
= Crypsis vagiiiillora (Forssk.) Opiz. 

Phleum alopecuroides Pillcr &. Miltcrp., Iter Poseg. Sclavon. 

147, t. 16. 1783. T-Protol.: Ikingary: Iter per 
Poseganuni Slavoniac provinciauL 
== Crypsis alopecuroides (Filler & Miltcrp.) Schrad. 

Phleum dactylon Pall, ex Georgi, Beschr. Russ. Reich. 684. 

1800. 

NOTE: nom. nud., cites Pallas, Ind. PL Taur., may trace to 

Panicum dactylon L. 
— CyniKlon dactylon (L.) Pers. 

Phleum macrourum (Kunth) Willd. ex Slcud., Nonicncl. Bot. 

(ed. 2) 1: 365. 1840, Basionym: Ctypsis macroura 
Kunth. 

NOTE: as new, but actually a comb. 

= Muhlcnbcrgia macroura (Kunth) Ilitchc. 

Phleum schoenoides L., Sp. PL I: 60. 1753. T-Spccim.: 1 of 

I. Spain, Loeflings.n. [T: LINN]. 
NOTE: as "Schoenoides". 
= Crypsis schoenoides (L.) Lam. 

Phragmiies zollingeri(Busc) Steud., Syn. PL (iluniac. 1: 196. 

1855. Basion)'m: Arundo zoUingcri Busc. 
==Ncyraudia reynaudiana (Kunth) Kcng ex Ilitchc. 



Plagiolytrum Nees, Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond. 1: 95. 1841. 
NOTE: also Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. 7: 221 (May 1841). 
= Tripogon Roem. & Schult. 

Pleiodon Rchb., Nom. Gen. PL 38. 1841. 
NOTE: nom. illeg. superfl. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 



Davidse, G., M. Sousa S & A. O. Chatcr (cditores 
gcneralcs) (1994); Peterson, P. M. (2000); Pohl, R. 
W, (1994). 

Pereilema setarioides E. Fourn., Mexic. PI. 2: 93. 1886. T- 

ProloL: Mexico: Orizaba, Thomas s.n. [T; herb. 
Buchinger]. T-Specim.: I of I. [IT: P, K, US-996083 
(fragm. ex P)]. 
= Pcrcilema crinitum J Presl. 

Peroiideae trib. C.E. Hubb., Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India Sc 

Pakistan 686. I960. TYPE: Perotis W. Aiton. 

Phaccllaria panicea Willd. ex Steud., Nomencl. BoL (ed. 2) 

2:313. 184L 
NO'I'E: nom. inval., as syn. oi Chlons submutica Kunth, 

also, Nom. Bot. I: 353 (nom. nud.) (1840). 
= Chloris submulica Kunth. 

Phalaris explicata Link, J. Bot. (Schrader) 1: 312. 1799, T- 

ProloL: Portugal: Ufcrn dcs Tajo und Douro. 
= Crypsis alopecuroides (Filler & Mittcrp.) Schrad 

Phalaris geniculata Siblh. & Sm., I L Graec. Prod. 1: 38. 

1806. T-ProtoL: Greece: In aquis stagnantibiis montis 
Olypi Bithyni. 
= Crypsis alopecuroides (Filler & Mittcrp.) Schrad. 



Mar-4 Apr 1848. TYPE: Pleopogon setosum Nutt. 
= Lyctirus Kunth. 

Pleopogon seiosum Nult., Proc. Acad. Nat Sci. Philadelphia 

4: 25. 1848. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: New Mexico: 
moLintains near Santa Fe, 1841 or 1842, William 
Gambels.n. [IIT: K; IT: US-610839 (fragm. ex K))]. 
NOTE: also in J. Acad. NaL Sci. Philadelphia (ser. 2) 189 

(1848, Aug). 
= Lycnrus setosus (Nutt.) C. Reeder. 



Pleuraphis Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 1 : 

148. 1824. TYPE: Pleuraphis jamc.siilovr. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NlIT: Cynodonteae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 3. 

Pleuraphis janicsii Torr., Ann. Lyceum Nat. Hist. New York 

1(1): 148-150,1. 10. \n^.l-Vxo\o\.\ James s.n. 
DST.: USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1; cultivated. 
ALSO ACCPTD. BY. Hickman, J. C. (1993). 
SYN.: Hilaria jamcsii (Torr.) Benth.; Hilar ia sericea 

Benth.; Pleuraphis sericea Nutt. ex Benth. 

Pleuraphis mutica Buckley, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 

Philadelphia 14: 95. 1862. T-ProloL: Northern Texas. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



183 



T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. USA: New Mexico, Wrighi 760 Poa ardculata Schrank, S>11. Tl. Nov. 1: 194. 1824. T- 
[ST: PH]. 2 or 2. USA: New Mexico, Whghl 2108 



[ST; VUl 

DST.:Mcxi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: I. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopez- 
Ferrari, and J. Valdcs-Reyna (2000). 
SYN.: iniaria mutica (Buckley) Benth. 



Protoi.: Patria: habitat in Brasilia. 
= Eragrostis articulata (Schrank) Nees. 

Poa anmdinacea Vo\r., Encycl. 4: 329. 1816. 
NOTE: nom. nov., horn, illeg. 
E. NAME: Poa arundinacea Moench. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa seskroides Michx. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa seskroides All. 



PIcuraphis rigida Thiirb., Dot. California 2: 293-294. 1 880. = Tridons navus (L.) Hitchc. 



T-Specim.: I of 1. USA: California: Fort Mojave, 24 
Feb 1861, J. G. Cooper 2230 [HT: US-323096]. 
DST.: Mexi, USA. 

LVU ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Espejo Scrna, A., A. R. Lopcz- 

Fcrrari, and J. Vaidcs-Rcyna (2000); Hickman, J. C. 

(1993). 
SYN.: Uilaria rigida (Thurb.) Bcnth. ex Scribn. 

PIcuraphis sericea Niitt. ex Bcnth., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 62. 

1881. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Hllaria sericea Benlli. 

= IMcuraphis jamesii Torr. 

Poa abyssinica Jacq., Misc. Auslriac. 2: 364. 1781. T-Prolol.: 

Abyssinia. 
NOTE: again Jacq. Icon. 1(2): pi. 17. 1782. 

= Eragroslis tef (Zucc.) Trollcr. 

/'oti acw/i/?om Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 161. 1815 L1816J. T- 

ProloL: Crescit in hiimidis, inundatis fluminis 
Magdalcnae juxla Mompox and Isia del las Bruxas 
(Regno Novogranatcnsi), floret Aprili, Ifumboldt & 
Bonplands.n. T-Specim.: I of L Colombia: on the Rio 
Magdalena, Humboldt & Bonpland 1603 [IIT. P; IT: 

n 

= Eragrijstis aciitiflora (Kunlh) Nees. 

Poa airoides (Nccs) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 360. 1833. 

Basionym: Eragrostis airoides Nccs. 
NOTE: horn, illeg.; also in Rev. Gram 1: suppL XXVIII 

(1834). 
E. NAME: Poa airoides Koeler 
= Eragrostis airoides Nees. 

Poa amahilis L., Sp. PI. 68. 1753. T-Protol.: Habitat in India. 

T-Specim.: 1 or3, India. Plukenet, Aim. BoL. t. 300J. 



Poa alrovirens Desf, PL Atlant. 1: 73, 1. 14. 1798. T-Proto!.: 

Algeria: Habitat in arvis incullis propc La Calle. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. Algeria: e Xi^xhm?i, Dcsfontaines 160 
[HT:FI,IT:LE, P]. 
= Eragrostis atrovircns(Desf.) Trin. ex Steiid. 

Poa alrovirens Willd. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. !: 340. 1825, T- 

Protol.: Willd. herb, [no loc. given, Index of Grass 
Species][T: US]. 
NOTE; hom. illeg. ct nom. inval., as syn. of P. nigricans 

Hunib. [Kunth]. 
E. NAME: Poa alrovirens Dci^f. 

= Eragrostis nigricans (Kunlli) Stciid. 

Poa aUircnsis KuniK Now. Gen. Sp. 1: 161. 1815 [18 16J. T- 

Protol.: Crescit in calidis sylvariim Orinocosium prope 
Cataractas Aturensium, floret Aprili, Humboldt & 
Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of I. Venezuela; 
Ama/onas: prope Cataractas Atiircnsium, Apr, 
flumboldi & Bonpland s.n. [HT: P; IT: BAA-2465 
(fragm.), SI]. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Poa bcrtcroniana (Schult.) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 112. 

1829. Basionym: Megastachya bcrtcroniana Schult. 
= Eragrostis bcrteroniana (Schult) Steud. 

Poa biformis Kunlh, Revis, Gramin. 2: 471, t. 149. 1831. T- 

Protol.: Africa: Senegatnbia, au Senegal. 
= Eragrostis atrovirens(Dcsf ) Trin. ex Steud. 

Poa borealis (J. Presi) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 326. 1833. 

Basion)m: Brizopyrum borealei. Prcsl. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as in 1835 ed.) 

XXVIII. 
= Distichli-s spicata var. borealis (J. PresI) Beetle. 



2 (1696) [ST]. 2 of 3. Sri L2ink^JIerb. Hermann 2: p^^ brasiliensis Ki\dd\, Agrostogr. Bras. 5L 1823. T-Protol.: 



59, no. 46 [LT: BMJ, LT designated by Veldkamp in 
CafTcrty et al., Taxon 49(2): 254 (2000). 3 of 3. India, 
Plukenet I: /57[ST: BM-SL]. 
= Eragrostis aniabilis (L.) Wight & Arn. ex Nees. 



Brasilia: Invcnltur in sepibus propc Rio de Janeiro, 
Raddi s.n., [type not found in Florence nor Pisa in 

1922, A,C.]. 
— Eragrostis airoides Nees. 



Poa amabdis Walter, Fl. Carol. 80. 1788. T-Prolul.: USA: p^^ brasiliensis^pvtng,. Syst. Veg. I: 342. 1825. T-Prutol.: 



South Carolina. T-Spccim.: 1 of X.Clayton 580 [T: IT: 
US-289 1488 (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Poa amabilis L. 

CORRECT NAME: Poa spectabilis Pursh. 

^ Eragrostis spectabilis (Pursh) Steud. 



Brazil: {P. elegans B. herb. Willd. ). T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. 
HoffmannsegglT. B-Wiild. (no. 1921. fo. 1 ct 1939)]. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 
E. NAME: Poa brasiliensis Raddi. 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis elegans Nees. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 



Poa ambigua EiWoiU Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 165. 1816. T- p^^ caerulescens Michx. ex P. Beauv., Ess 



Agrostogr. 77 



Protoi.: USA: Found in the mountains of Carolina, by 
Dr. Macbridc and in the lower country of Georgia, by 
Dr. Baldwin. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: In mont. 

Carolinae, Autumn, Macbride s.n. [ST: CHAS; 1ST: 
US-556771 (fragm. ex herb. Elliott, CHAS), US 

(photo ex CI L\S)]. 
= Tridcns ambiguus (Elliott) Schult. 



1812. T-Protol.: USA: Virginia. 
NOTE: nom. nud. 
= Tridcns flavus (L.) Hitchc. 

PoacapillarisL., Sp. PI. 68. 1753. T-Protol.: USA: virginaia. 

Canada. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. North America, Kalm s.n. 



184 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



[LT: LINN], LT designated by Hitchcock, Conlr. U.S. 
Natl. Herb. 12: 121 (1908). 

= Eragrostis capilluris (L.) Nccs. 

Poa cerealis Snlisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allcrton 20. 1796. T- 

Protol.: Abyssinia. 

NOTE: Poa abyssinica Jacq. cited; equals Eragrostis tef 

(Zucc.) Trotter. 
= Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter. 

Poachariis^dwiW., Mant. 2: 314. 1824. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa elegans Roxb. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa elegans Poir. 
= Erafj;justis atrovitens(Dcsr.) Triu. ex Steud. 

Poa chilensis Moris, Ann. Storia Nat. 4: 60. 1830. T-Protol.: 

Nata est in hort. bot. Taurinensi ex seminibus c Chile, 
Bcrtcro s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of I. Chile: E scmina Chili 
de Taurio, C. G. Bertero s.n. [l\\ IT: LE, US-91 1928 
(fragm. ex LE-TRIN)J. 

NOTE: Ann. Sloria Nat. Bologna?. 

= Eragrostis nie\icana (liornem.) Link. 

Poa ciUancnsis All., Pi. PcdLin. 2: 246. 1785. T-Prolol.: In 

agris patrio Ciliani, Bellardi s.n. T-Specini.: 1 of 2. 
Italy, Bellardi SM. [ST: TO-8242]. 2 of 2. \lA)\Balbi 
s.n. [ST: TO]. 
= Eragrostis ciliancnsis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Poa conceptionis Steud., Syn. PL Glumac. 1: 259. 1854. T- 

Protol.: Chile: Concepcion: \M^,Chaiivin 187. T- 
Specim.: I of I. Chile: Concepcion, 1844. /■ 7. 
Chauvin 187 [dVrville herb.] [HT: P; IT: US- 
289 1 500 (fragm. ex P & fig. from STEUD-384)]. 
= Eragrostis polytricha Nees. 

Poa condcnsaia (J. Prcs!) Kunth, Enum. PL 1: 344. 1833. 

Basionym: Mcgaslachya cofidensata J. Prcsl. 

NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: SuppL XXVIII (1834) (as in 

1835 ed.). 
= Eragrostis coiidcnsata (J. Presl) Steud. 

Poa curvula Schrad., Gott. Gel. Anz. 3: 2073. 182L T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. South Africa: Cape Province: Cape of 
Good Hope, Hess s.n. [ f : ?]. 

— Eragrostis curvula (Schrad.) Nees. 

Poadecipicns R. i3r., Prodr. 181. 1810. T-Protol.: Australia: 

Queensland: Kcpple Bay: Aug X^Ql.R.Browii 6271. 
T-Specim.: I of L Australia: Queensland: Port Curtis 
Distr.: Keppel Bay, BroMn 6271 [HT: BM; IT: E, K], 

— Leptoehloa decipiens (R. Br.) Stapfex Maiden. 

Poa diandra hurt, ex Schrad., LiJinaea 12(4): 451. IS38. 
NOTE: noni. inval., as syn. of Eragrostis purshii Schrader. 
E. NAME: Poa diandra R. Br. 

— Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees. 

Poa digitata R. Br., Prodr. 182. 1810. T-ProtoL: Australia: 

Queensland: Upper Head [Charon Point]: Broad 

Sound: 26 Sep 1802,/?. Bromj 6238 [error for 6266]. 

T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Australia: Queensland: Port Curtis 

Distr.: Broad Sound, /?/y;ii77 6266 [HT: BM, IT: BM, 

E,K]. 
= Lt'ptochioa digitata (R. Br.) Domin. 

Poa distichophylla (Labill.) R. Br., Prodr. 182. 1810. 

Basionym: Uniola distichophylla Labill. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. 
E. NAME: Poa distichophylla Gaudin. 



= Disfichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thome. 

Poa domingensis Pers., Syn. PI. 1: 88. 1805. T-Protol.: West 

Indies: Dominican Republic: Santo Domingo: in 
arcnosis maritimis ad St. Domingo. (Poiteau). 
= Eragrostis prolifcra (Sw.) Steud. 

Poa clongataW\M.,Ew\x\n.?\. 1: 108. 1809. I'-Protol.: India 

oriental!. 
= Eragrostis elongata (Willd.) J. Jacq. 

Poa eragrostis L., Sp. PL 1: 68. 1753. T-Pri)lol.: Habitat in 

Italia supra muros, D. Baeck s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of I. 
\id\y, Baeck s.n. [HT: LINN]. 
NOTE: as 'Toa Eragrostis". 
CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis minor Host. 

= Eragrostis minor Host. 

Poa eragrostis Walter, Fl. Carol. 80. 1788. T-ProtoL: USA: 

South Carolina. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. 
E. NAMI: : Poa eragrostis L. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Poa eragrostis Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolifia 1: 161. 1816, 

T-Protol.: USA: S. Carolina & Georgia: Grows in 
cultivated land. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Poa eragrostis L, 

= Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees. 

Poa expansa (Link) Kunth, Revis. Gramin. I: 113. 1829. 

Basionym: Eragrostis expansa Link. 
NOTE: hom, illeg. 
E. NAME: Poa expansa J.F. Gmel. 
= Eragrostis bahicnsis Schrad ex Schult. 

Poajlava L., Sp. PI. 68. 1753. T-Protol.: USA: Gron. Virg, 

13. Habitat in Virginia, Gronov?. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
USA: Virginia, Clayton 273 [HT. BM], see Hitchcock, 
Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 12: 120(1908). 
= Tridens flavus (L.) I litchc. 

Poa gangetica Roxb., Fl. hid, ed. 1820 1: 34L 1820. T- 

Protol.: India; native of the banks of the Ganges, but 
scarce. T-Specim.: 1 of L India: native of the banks of 
the Ganges, but scarce, Roxburgh s.n. [HT: K; IT: 
BMj. 
= Eragrostis gangetica (Roxb.) Steud. 

Poa glomcraia Walter, FL Carol. 80. 1788. T-Protol.: USA: 

South Carolina, Walter s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
Carolinas, Walter s.n. [HT: BM (specimen lost)]. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa waiter iV^uwih. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Poa ghitinosa Sw., Prodr. 26, 1788. T-Prolul.: Jamaica, 

Swartzs.n. [HT: S]. T-Specim.: I of L West Indies, 18 
Sep 1803 [IT: LE-TRIN-2629.01 a (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis glutinosa (Sw.) Trin. 

Poa hirsuta Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 68. 1803. T-Prolol.: 

USA: Carolina \wknorc., Michaux s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 
1. USA: Carolina, Michaux s.n. [HT: P; IT: US-77389 
(fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis hirsuta (Michx.) Nees. 



Poa 



hirsuta var. spectabilis (Pursh) Torn, Fl. N. Middle 
United States 1(1): 114. 1823. Basionym: Poa 
spectabilis Pursh. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



185 



= Eragrostis spectabilis(Pursh) Steud. 

Poa hypnoides Lam., Tabi. Encycl. 1: 185. 1791. T-Protol.: 

Ex America merid., D, Richard s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 

Tropical America, D. Richard s.n [HT: P-LA]. 
= Eragrostis hypnoidcs (lam,) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb. 

Poa interrupta l.am., Tabl Encycl. 1: 185. 1 79 1. T-Prolol.: 

]nd\?i,Sonnerat s.n. T-Specim.: I of I \nd\d,Sonnerat 
s.n. [HT: P; IT: BAA-2585]. 
NOTE; Koen. ex Roxb., Fl. Ind. ed Carey & Wall., I: 336, 

l820;FLInd.ed Carey 1:335, 1832. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Poajaponica Thunb., FL Jap. 51. 1784. T-Protol.: Crcscit in 

Kosido el juxta Nagasaki. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Japan, 
Thimhcrgs.n. [HT: UPS]. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

/>OT//>7A://Kunth. Revis. Gramin 1: 113. 1829. 
REPLACED NAME: Eragrostis fdiformis Link. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa fdiformis Thunb. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Poa liigeus (Nces) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 331. 1833. Basionym: 

Eragrostis lugens Nces. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as in 1835 ed.) 

xxvm. 

= Eragrostis lugi'nsNces. 

Poa lurida (J. Prcsl) Kunth, Enum. PI. I: 342. 1833. 

Basionym: Eragrostis lurida J. Prcsl. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. XXVIII (1834) (as in 

1835 ed.). 
= Eragrostis lurida J, Prcsl. 

Poa malabarica L., Sp. PI. 69. 1753. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 

Rhcede, Hon. Mai. 12, t. 45 (1703) [LT]. LT 
designated by Merrill, Bull. Torrcy Bot. Club 60: 633- 
635 (1933), cited by Nuvvack, Rhccdea 4(2): 84 
(1994). 
NOTE: nom. utiq. rej. [see Brummitt, Taxon 49(2): 266 

(2000)]. 
= Lcptochloa fusca (L.) Kunth. 

Poa maypurcnsis Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1; 161. 1815 [1816]. 

T-Protol.: Crescit in opacatis sylvarum Orinocensium 
inter Cataractam Sancti Josephi Maypurcnsium et 
conflucntcm Sipapum, floret Aprili, Humboldt & 
Bonpland s.n, T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Venezuela: 
Amazonas: on the Rio Orinoco, Apr, Humboldt & 
BonplandsM. [HT: P; IT: BAA-1053 (fragm), P]. 
= Eragrostis maypurensis (Kunth) Steud. 

Poa mexicana Hornem., Horl. Bot. Hafh. 2: 953. 1815. T- 

Protol.: Hab. in Mexico? Garden specimen from 
Mexican seed. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. Cultivated from seed 
collected in Mexico, Sesse sm. [ST: MA]. 2 of 2. 
Brazil, Sesse & M Lacasta [1ST?: US-2891498 

(fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis mexicana (Hornem.) Link. 

Poa michauxii Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1 : 111. 1829. 
REPLACED NAME: Fcstuca dlstichophylla Michx. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa dlstichophylla Gaudin. 
= Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene. 

Poa micrantha Schult., Mant. 2: 305. 1824. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa parxlJJora Nutt. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poaparvljlora R. Br. 



= Eragrostis frankiiC.A. Mey. ex Steud. 

Poa microstachya Link, Hort. Dcrol. 1: 185. 1827. T-Protol.: 

Habitat in Montevideo. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Uruguay: 
Montevideo, Anonymous [HT: B; IT: BAA-989 
(fragm. ex B)]. 
= Eragrostis bahiensis Schrad. ex SchulL. 

Poa modesta Tuck., Amer. J. Sci. 45(1): 45. 1843. T-Protol.: 

USA: Cambridge, wet margins of Fresh Pond brook. 
= Muhknbergiu uniflora (Mulil.) Fernald. 

Poa montufarl Kunth, Nov, Gen. Sp. 1: 159. 1815 [1816]. T- 

Protol.: Crescit in alta planitie Chillensi prope la 
Hacienda dc Don Carlos Montufar: item juxta Puembo 
et San Antonio dc Lulumbabmba, inter 1200 et 1400 
hcxap. (Regno Qiiitensi), floret Aprili, Majo, 
Humboldt c£ Bonpkmd s.n. [IIT: P]. T-Specini.: 1 of 1. 
Ecuador: between Puembo and San Antonio de 
Lulumbamba, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [HT: P- 
Bonpl; IT: BAA-1056, US-2891497 (fragm.)]. 

- Eragrostis pastocnsis (Kunth) Trin. 

Poa neesiiijnu) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 339. 1833. Basionym: 

Eragrostis neesiiTnn. 
= Eragrostis ncosii Trin. 

Poa nigricans Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 159. 1815 [1816]. T- 

Protol.: Crescit cum Poa patula Kunth propc 
Conocoto, Chillo et Sangolqui, 1360 jicxap., floret 
Aprili, Majo, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: 1 
of 1. Ecuador: Chillo and Sangolqui, F.W.H Humboldt 
& A.J.A, Bonpland 2291 [HT: P-Bonpl; IT: BAA-2281 
(fragm.), LE-TRIN-2371.01, US-2891495 (fragm. ex 
LE-TRIN, fragm. ex P)]. 

- Eragrostis nigricans (Kunth) Steud. 

Poa mtida Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 162. 1816. T- 

Protol.: USA: South Carolina: Common on Paris 
Island, grows on cultivated land, Elliott s.n. [HT: 
CHART]. T'Specim.: 1 of L America boreal., £///o/ 
com. Herb. Ledeb. : Herb. Zeyheri [IT: LE]. 
NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Poa nitida Lam. 

CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis elliottii S. Watson. 

= Eragrostis elliottii S. Watson. 

PoanultalliiSprcng., Syst. Veg. 1: 344. 1825. 
NOTE: nom. nov., nom, illeg. superfl. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa obtusa Nutt. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa obtusa Muhl. 
CORRECT NAME: Poa pennsylvanica Nutt 
^ Eragrostis ciliancnsis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Poa mitiallil Kunth, Revis. Gramin. 1: 116. 1829. 
NO fE: nom. nov., hom. illeg. 
E. NAME: Poa nuttallii Spucng. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa tenella Nutt. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa tenella L. 
= Eragrostis pectinacca (Michx.) Necs. 

Poa obtusa Nutt., Gen. N. Amer PI. 1: 67. 1818. T-ProtoF: 

USA: Pennsylvania?; Collected in the neighborhood of 
Philadelphia, W. Barton, T-Specim.: 1 of L USA: New 
Jersey, no date, Coll. Ukn. s.n. [IT: US- 1 535786]. 

NOTE: hom. illeg. 

E. NAME: Poa obtusa Muhl. 

CORRECT NAME: Poa pennsylvanica Nutt. 

= Eragrostis ciliancnsis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 



186 



Catalogue of New World Grasses; II. 



Poa ohmdoi Kunlh, Nov. Gcri. Sp. I: 159. 1815 [1816], T- 

PiotuL: Peru: Crcscit in monlibus Peruanis el Loxae ad 
vias, juxta domum botaiiici hispaui Don Vicente 
Olnicdo, cui cura caodendarum Cinchonarum 
Uritiisingcnsium demandala est, alt. 1 100 hcxap., 
floret Julio, Humboldt A Bouplcmd s.n. [HT: PJ. 
NOTE: as Poa "olmcdr. 
= Eragrostis pastoeiisis (Kunth) Trin. 

Poa ovina A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 428. 1851. T- 

Spccini.: 1 of 2. Ethiopia: in campis montosis 
pro\inciac Clmc, Schimper, pi Schimp. Abyss., sect. 
IN, IS31 [ST; P, 1ST: K]. 2 of 2. Ethiopia: in catnpis 
montosis pro\inciac Cliire, Quari'm Dillon sm. [ST: P]. 
= Eragrostis gangctica (Ro\b.) Steud. 

Poa oxytepisJon., Explor. Red River Louisiana 30], t, 19. 

1853. 

REPLACED NAME: Poa interrupia Niitt. 

BLOCKING NAME: Poa interrupta Lam. 

= Eragrostis secundiflora stihsp. oxylepis (Torr.) S.D. 

Koch. 

Poa panicea Rclz., Obscrv. Dot. 3: 1 L 1783. T-Specim.: 1 of 

LChina, Z?/^/J/j5./?. [nT:LD]. 
= l.cptochloa panicea (Rctz.) Ohwi. 

Poa paniciformis A. Rrann, Flora 24: 274. 1841. T-ProtoL: 

Cult., in garden in Carlsriihc, Germany [from 
Abyssinia]. 

= Eragrostis puiiiciformis (A. Braun) Slcud. 

Poa panicoides (J. Prcsl) Kuath, Enum. PI 1: 343. 1833. 

Basion}iii: Megastachya panicoides J. Prcsl. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram, 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (a^ in 1835 ed.) 

XXVIIl. 
= Lcptochloa panicoides (J. Presi) Hilchc. 

Poaparadoxa Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg. 2: 569. 1817. 
REPLACED NAME: IJniola distichophylla LabtIL 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa distichophylla Gaudin. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thornc. 

Poa parvijlnra Nutt., Gen. N. Amer PI. I: 67. 1818. T- 

Protol.: USA: Ohio. 

NOTE: horn, illcg. 

E. NAME: Poa parviflora R. Hr. 

CORRECT NAME: Poa micranfha SchulL 
= Erai;rustis fraiikiiC.A. Mcy. c\ Stcud. 

Poa pastocnsis Kunth, Nov. Gcji. Sp. 1: 160. 1815 [1816]. T- 

Protol,: Colombia: Colombia: Crcscit in regni 
Novogranatcnsis apricis, tempratis, prope urbcm Pasto, 
in radicibus montis Arandensis: 1340 hcxap.: Dec, 
Iluniholdi t? Bonpland 2149. T-Specim,: 1 of 1. 
Colombia: Pasto Ml. Anind. Bonpland 2149 [IIT: P- 
IIBK; IT: US-2767397 (fragm. ex P-HBK)]. 
= Eragrostis pastoensis (Kunth) Trin. 

Poa pattda Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 158. 1815 [1816]. T- 

Prolol.: Crescit in apricis, termperalis regni Quitcnsis 
juxta pagum Conocoto: 1360 liex., Humboldt & 
Bonpland s.n. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Ecuador, no date, 
Humboldt i^ Bonpland s.n. [IT: US-2766206 (fragm.)l. 
= Eragrostis patula (Kunth) Stcud. 

Poa pectinacea Michx., Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 69. 1803. T- 

Protol.: Habitat in arvis U\\notns'\hus,Michaiix s.n. T- 
Specini.: 1 of L USA: Illinois, Michaux s.n. fllT: P- 
MICII, IT: US-2851264 (fragm.)]. 



= Eragrostis pectinacea (Michx.) Nees. 

Poa pectinacea Geyer ex Steud., S>a. Pi. (ilumac. I: 272. 

1854. T-ProtoL: USA: Illinois. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. et noin. inval., as syn. o[ Eragrostis 

geyeriSicudt]. 
E. NAME: Poa pectinacea Michx. 
= Eragrostis spcctabilis (Pursh) Stcud. 

Poa peruviana Jacq., Collectanea I: 107. 1786 [1787]. T^ 

Specim.: 1 of 1. Peru, NJ. von Jacquin [HT: ?; IT: 
US-285 1260 (fragm)], 
= Eragrostis peruviana (Jacq.) Trin. 

Poa pliiladclphica W.P.C. Baitun. Comp. Fl. Philadelph. 1: 

62. 1818. 

NOTE: nom. nov., num. illcg. supcrfl. 

IU:PLACED NAME: Poa obiusa Nult. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa obtusa Mahl. 
CORRECT NAME: Poa pcnnsylvanica Null. 

= Eragrostis cilianensis (All.) Vignolo ex Janch. 

Poapilosa L., Sp. PI. 1: 68. 1753. T-Prolol.: Habitat in Italia. 

T-Spccim.: I oil^.Scheuzer, Agrostographia J 93, t. 4, 
f 3 (I7I9) [LT], LT designated by Du Puy. Telford & 
Edgar, Fl. Australia 50: 472 (1993). 2 of 3. Italy: an 
Wcgcn zwischcn den Rcisreldern von Pldcnico unweit 
VerccIIi in Obcritalicn, 9-!0 Aug 1902,^. Kncucker, 
Gram. Exsicc. XII, 344 [ET: B], ET designated by 
Scholz in Cafferty et al., Taxon 49(2): 256 (2000). 3 of 
3. Italy, Tiumfetti s.n. [LT], LT designated by Clayton, 
Fl. Trop. East Africa, Gramineae 3: 214 (1974), but as 
tliis is not original material, the lectotypification is 
ineffective [fide Cafferty et al., Taxon 49(2): 256 
(2000)]. 

- Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Poa plumosa Rctz., Observ. Bot. 4: 20. 1786. T-Prutol.: E. 

Tranquebaria, Konigs.n. 
= Eragrostis amabilis (L.) Wight & Arn. ex Nees. 

Poa polytricha (Nees) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 331. 1833. 

Basionym: Eragrostis polytricha Nees. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. XXVIU (1834) (as in 

1835 ed.). 

= Eragrostis polytricha Nees. 
Poapreslii Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 326. 1833. 

NOTE: nom. nov., also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as 

in 1835 ed.) XXVIIL 
REPLACED NAME; Brizopyrum pilosum J. Presl. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poapilosa L. 
= Jouvea pilosa (J. Prcsl) Scribn. 

Poa prolifcra Sw., Prodr. 27. 1788. T-Protol.: Insulac 

Caribbaeae: Santa Lucia, Guadeloupe T-Spccim.: 1 of 
1. Guadeloupe, S^yartz s.n. [HI. S; IT'K]. 
= Eragrostis prolifcra (Sw.) Stcud. 

Poaprostrata Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 157. 1815 [1816]. T- 

Protol.: Venezuela: Crcscit copiosc in valle tcmpcrata, 
amoena Caripensi, alt. 420 hex., (Prov. Novae- 
Andaliisiae). floret Scptembri, Humboldt <Si Bonpland 
s.n. [HT: P]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Venezuela: Pratis 
Carpio, F. W.H. Humboldt & A.J A. Bonpland 4 161 [T: 
IT: US-2891494 (fragm.)]. 
= Distichlis spicata subsp. stricta (Torr.) Thornc. 

Poa psammodes (Trin.) Kunth, Enum. Pf I: 328. 1833. 

Basionym: Eragrostis psammodes Trin. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



187 



= Eragrostis bahicnsis Schrad. ex Sciuilt. 

Poa purpurascem Sprciig., Novi Provcnl. 33 no. 73. 1819. T- 

fVotoK; Urumiav. 
= Eratjroslis purpurasccns (Spreng.) Schull. 

Poa pycnantha Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 94: 165. 1896. T- 

ProtoL: Cliiie: prope Copiapo, Sep 1885,/^. Philippl 
s.n. T-Specim.: 1 otM. Chile: propc Copiapo, Sep 
1885, F. Philippi SM. [HT: SCO; IT: B, BAA-1079 
(Iragm. cxB), W]. 
= Eragrostis pycnantha (Phil.) Parodi ex Nicora. 

Poa qiduqueficlLi Pursh, Fl. Amor. Sept. 1: 81. 1814. 
RHPLACED NAME: Poa seslerofdes Michx. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa seskroides All. 
= Tridens ffaviis (I..) Hitchc. 

Poa racemosa Vahl, Eclog. Amcr. 1: 7> 1796. T-Prolol.: 

Habitat in America meridionali, von Rohr 95 [IIT: C]. 
NOTE: honi. illcg. 
E. NAME: Poa racemosa Thunb. 
CORRECT NAME: Poa valiliiRoQm. & Schult. 
= Eragrostis niaypurcnsis (Kunth) Stcud. 

Poa rcfracta Muhl. ex Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 162. 

18!6 T-Protol.: USA: South Carolina: in damp soils, 
in pine barrens, and common along roads. T-Spccim.: 
1 of 1. USA: South Carolina, S. Elliott s.n. [HT: 
CHARL; IT: PH, US-2767400 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis refracta (Muhl. ex Elliott) Scribn. 

Poa riifescens Schrad. ex Schult., Mant. 2: 319. 1824. T- 

Prolol.: In Brasilia, Afojc/Vn. Neowidens s.n. T-Spccim.: 
1 of 2. 1819, herb. Schrader [OM: LE]. 2 of 2. , 
Schader Herb. Ledebour: Ilfortiis] Dorp. 21 [OM: 

LE]. 

NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Eragrostis? rufescens Schrad 

MS, 
= Eraurostis nifcscens Schrad. ex Schull. 



Poa sclerophyUa (Trin.) Kunth, Enum, PI. 1: 340. 1833. 

Basionym: Eragrostis sclerophyUa Trin. 
= Eragrostis scieruph^lla Trin. 

Poa scoparia Nees ex Kunth, Rcvis. Gramin. 2: 535, t. 182. 

1829 [1832J. T-Protol.: Crescit in Brasilia meridionali. 

1-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Brasilia mcridionalis, &//oiv sn. 

[IT: LE, LE-TRlN-2501.01 a, US-91379 (fragm.)]. 
NOTE: cites Uniola scoparia Nees in herb. 
= Distichlis scoparia (Nees ex Kunth) Arcchav. 

Poa secundiflora (J. Prcsl) Kunth, Enum, PI. 1: 342. 1833. 

Basionym: Eragrostis secimdijlora J. Presl. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. XXVIH (1834) (as in 

1835 ed). 
= Eragrostis secundiflora J. PresL 

Poa semimtda (Trin.) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 340. 1833. 

Basionym: Eragrostis seminuda Trin. 
= Eragrostis scniiniula Trin. 

Poa seskroides Michx., Ff Bor.-Amcr. 1: 68-69. 1803. T- 

Protol.: USA: in regione lllinocnsi ct in monlosis 

Carolinae, MichaiLX. T-Specim.: 1 of L USA: 

C^kToWn^, Michaiix s.n. [HT: P]. 

NOTE: horn, illcg. 

E. NAME: Poa seskroides All. 
CORRECT NAME: Poa quinquefida Pursh. 

= Tridens flavus (L.) Hitchc. 



Poa setifolia Benth., PI. Hartw. 262. 1846. T-Protol.: 

Ecuador: in arvis propc Quito[HT: K]. T-Specim.: 1 of 
1. Ecuador: Quito, Hartweg 1452 [HT: K; IT: US- 
2826937 (fragm. ex K)]. 
= Eragrostis pastocnsis (Kunth) Trin. 

Poa simplicijlora (J. Presl) Kunlh, Enum. PI. 1: 343. 1833. 

Basionym: Megastachya shnpliciflora i. Presl. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. XXVIIl (1834) (as in 

1835 cd.). 
^ Eragrostis simpliciflora (J. Presl) Steud. 

Poa solida (Nccs) Kunth, Enum. PI. I: 336. 1833. Basionym: 

Eragrostis solida Nees. 
NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. XXVlll (1834) (as in 

1835 ed.). 
= Eragrostis solida Nees. 

Poa spectabdis Pursh, D. Amer. Sept 1:81. 1814 [1813]. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa amabilis Waller. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa amabilis L. 
= Eragrostis spcctabilis (Pursh) Stcud. 

Poa sporoboloides A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 426. 1850. T- 

Spccim.: 1 of 3. Ethiopia: juxta Adiabo, non procul a 
convalle fluvii Mareb, Quartin Dillon et Ant. Petit 
[ST: P]. 2 of 3. Ethiopia: planitie montosa prope 

Kouaieta, in prov. C\\ui, Quartin Dillon et Ant. Petit 
[ST: P]. 3 of 3. , Schimper, pi Abyss., sect. I, no. 401 
[ST]. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Poa squarrosa Salzm. ex Steud., Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 274. 

1854.T-ProtoL:Bahicnsc. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Eragrostis reptans Michx. 
E. NAME: Poa squarrosa Licht. ex Roem. & Schult. 
= Eragrostis maypnrensis (Kunth) Steud. 

Poa stricta var. unijlora Mulil. ex Scribn. & Merr., Bull. Div. 

AgrostoI.,U.S.D.A.27:5. 1900. 
NOTE: nom. inval,, as syn. of Sporobolous unijlorus Muhl. 
^ Muhknbci '^la uniflora (Muhl.) Fernald. 

Poa tefZucc, Diss. Dilef s.p. 1775. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Cult. 

at Florence from seed collected in Ethiopia, .sec-^ coll. 

by Bruce [UJ:r\]. 
= Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter. 

Poa tenax Kunth, Prodr. 1: 160. 1S16. T-Protol.: Ecuador: 

Crescit in apricis rcgni Quitcnsis, prope Chillo ct Rio 
Guangopolo, alt. 1350 hexcap., floret Aprili, Majo, 
Humboldt ^ Bonplands.n. [HT: P], Kunth 7: pi. 692. 

1825. 
= Eragrostis condi'asata (J. Presl) Steud. 

Poa tenella L., Sp. PI. I: 69. 1753. T-ProtoL: Habitat in India. 

T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. India, Anonymous [HT: LINN- 

87.33J. 
- Eragrostis amabilis (L.) Wight & Am. ex Nees. 

Poa tenella Willd.? (L. misappL by) Pursh, Fl. Aincr. Sept. 1: 

80. ISM. T-PrutoL: USA: In sandy fields New Jcrsy to 
Carolina in herb, Lambert sub. nominae P. pilosae. 
NOTE: misapl. [Index of Grass Species], hom. illeg.? again 

byEll.Bot. S.C.&Ga 1: 160(1816). 
E. NAME: Poa tenella L. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Poa tenella Nutt., Gen. N. Amcr. PI. 1: 67. 1818. T-Protol.: 

[North America], 



188 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



NOTE: horn, illeg. 

E.}<AME: PoatenellaL. 

CORRECT NAME: Eragrostis bhzoldes Scliult. 

= Erayi ostis pcctiiiiicea (Michx.) Nees. 

Poa temiifolia A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 425. 1851 [1850]. 



Poa vahlii Roem. & Schult., Syst. Vcg. 2: 563. 1817 
NOTE: pro. parte, = Eragrostis maypiirensis. 
REPLACED NAME: Poa racemosa Vahl. 
BLOCKING NAME: Poa racemosa Thiinb. 
= Erajirostis maypuronsis (Kuiith) Stcud. 



T-Protol.: Abyssinia. T-Spccim.: 1 of 2. Ethiopia: in Poa verticillata Cav., Icon. 1{3): 63, pi. 93. 1791. T-Protol.: 



locis incultis Vallium propc Adoam, Jan 1841,G.//.fF. 
Schimper 92 [ST: K, L, W, US-1 127147 (fragm.)]. 2 
of 2. Ethiopia: crcscit in montosis Chir6, Oct,Quar(in 
Dillon s.n. [1ST: P]. 
= Eraj^rostis tcii»ifo!ia (A, Rich.) Hochst. ex Steud. 

Poa tenuis Elliott, Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1; 156. 1S16. T- 

Protol.: US: South Carolina: Greenville, MonHns s.n. 
NOTE: horn, illeg. 
E. NAME: Poa tenuis Clairv. 
= Eragrostis capillaris (L.) Nees. 

Poa tcphrosanthos Sprcng. ex Schult., Manl. 2: 316. 1824. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Eragostis tcphrosanthos 

Schultes. 
= Eragrostis pcctinacca var. miserrima (E. Fourn.) 

Reeder. 

Poa texaua Vasey, Contr. U.S. NalL Herb. !(2): 60. 1890. T- 

Protol.: USA: Texas: from Brazos Santiago to HI Paso 
Co, in the region of the Rio Grande, A^ea//ev s,n. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. USA: Texas: EI Paso Co., 1887, C.C. 
Nealley l078[\n\\}S-?^\565l 
= Allolcpis tcxana (Vasey) Sodcrslr. & Il.F. Decker. 

Poa thalassica Kunth, Nov. Gen, Sp. 1: 157. 1815 [1816]. T- 

Protof : Peru: Crcscit in littorc Occani Pacifici prope 



Callao de Lima 



Guamang 



et Urbcni Santa 



Peruvianorum, floret Octobri, Humboldt & Bonpland 
SM. [3719] [HT: P]. T-Specim.: 1 of L Peru: Lima: 
Prope ad Litus Oceani, F.W.H. Humboldt Y A.J.A. 
Bonpland 3719 [T: IT: US-2891486 (fragm.)]. 
= Distichlis spicata (L.) Grc 



Poa trichodes Nutt., Trans. Amcr. Philos. Soc, n.s., 5: 146, 

1835. T-Proto!.: Arkansas Territory: in brushy prairies 
and open alluvial \ands, Nuttatt s,n. T-Spccini.: I of 1. 
USA: Arkansas: bushy prairies and open alluvial 
lands, Z Nuttall s.n, [IVT. PH; IT: US-77391 (fragm.)]. 
= Eragrostis triehodes (Nutl.) Alph. Wood. 

Poa unijlora Muhl., Cat. PI. Amer Sept. II. 1813. 

NOTE: nom. nud. 

CORRECT NAME: Poa wiiJJora Muhl. 
= Muhlciibcrgia imiflora (Muhl.) Fernald. 

Poa iy/7//7ora Muhl, Descr. Gram. 151. 1817, T-Protol.: USA: 

Nova Aiiglia et plata simillima in Nova Caesarea. T- 
Specim.: I of 1. USA, Muhlenberg 223 [HT: PH; IT: 
US-1 535784 (fragm. ex PII)]. US specimen notes PH 
slips 146 & 413. 
= MiihliMibergia nniffora (Mulil.) Fernald. 

Poa uninervia (J. PresI) Kunth, Enum, PI. 1: 344. 1833. 

Basionym: Mcgastachya uninervia J. Presl. 

NOTE: also Revis. Gram. 3: Suppl. 1834 p. (as in 1835 ed.) 

344. 

^ Keptochloa fnsca subsp, uninervia (J. Presl) N, Snow. 

Poa unioloides Retz., Observ, Rot. 5: 19. 1788. T-Protok: 

India. T-Speeim.: 1 of L India, l716,Koenig s.n. [ST: 
BM (2 sheets), LE]. 
= Eragrostis unioloides (Retz.) Nees ex Steud. 



Habitat in arenosis humidis ad fluminis Manzanares. 
= Eragrostis pilosa (L.) P. Beauv. 

Poavillosa Beyr. ex Schrad., Linnaea 12(4): 45 L 1838. 
NOTE: nom. invak, as syn. of Eragrostis velutina Schrader. 
= Eragrostis spcctabilis(Pursh) Steud. 

Poa virescens (J. Presl) Kunth, Enum. PI. 1: 329, 1833 

Basionym: Eragrostis virescens J. Presl. 



s (J. Presl) S.D. 



= Eragrostis nu-xicana subsp vi 

Koch & Sanchez Vega. 



Poa virgata Poir., Encycl. 5: 78. 1804. T-Prolol.: West 

Indies: Saint-Dominique[HT: P-LA]. 
= Uniola virgata (Poir.) Griseb. 

Poa virginica Zuccagni, Cent, Observ. Bot. 1. [p. 12]no. 25. 

!806. T-Protok: USA: [Virginia]. 
NOTE: Preprint of J.L Rocmcr, Collectanea p. 124 (1806). 
= Eragrostis refracta (Muhl. ex Elliott) Scribn. 

Poa viscosa Retz., Observ. Bot. 4: 20. 1786. T-Spccim.: 1 of 

L India, Koenigs.n, [HT: LD; IT: BM]. 
= Eragrostis viscusa (Retz.) Trin. 

Poa viscosa war. pilosissima Hochst. ex A. Rich., Tent. FL 

Abyss. 2: 424. 1850. T-Protol. : Cresit in rupeslribus 
siccis prope Guendepta, Sep, Schimper, pi. Abyss., 
sect. II, no. 824. 
= Eragrostis viscosa (Retz.) Trin. 

Poa UNRANKED Psilantha Y. Koch, Linnaea 21(4): 405. 

1848. TYPE: Poa collma (Trin.) K, Koch. 
= Eragrostis Wolf 

Podosaemum Kunth, Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat. 2: 72. 1815. 
NOTE: orth. var. Podosemum. 
= Miihlenbergia Schrcb. 

Podosaemum mexicamun (L,) Link, Hort. Berol. I: 84. 1827. 

Basionym: Agrostis mexicana L. 
NOTE: orth. var. 
= Muhlcnhergia mexicana (L.) Trin. 

Podosemum Desv., Nouv. Bulk Sci. Soc, Philom. Paris 2: 

188. 1810. TYPE: Podosemum capillare (Lam.) Desv. 
= Muhlenbcrgia Schrcb. 

Podosemum affine (Trin.) Bush, Amer. Midi. Naturalist 7(2): 

40. 1921. Basionym: Muhlenbergia affmis Trin. 
= Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunlli) Kiinlh. 

Podosemum agrostideum ?. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 176, 

179. 1812. 
NOTE: nom. nud., equals Tosagris agrostideimi ?. Beauv. 
= Muhlenbergia capillaris (Lam.) Trin. 

Podosemum anguslatum J. Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1(4-5): 229. 

1830. T-Protol. : Ikibitat in ?QX\xy\d^ Haenke sji. T- 
Specim.: 1 of L Peru, Haenke s.n. [!IT: PR] 

NOTE: as ''Podosaemum'* angustatum. 

= Muhlenbergia angustata (J. Presl) Kunth. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



189 



Podosemum arenicola (Buckley) Bush, Amcr. Midi. 

Naturalist 7(2): 40. 192L Basionym: Muhknbergia 
arenicola Buckley. 

NOTE: as Podosemum "arenicolum". 
== Muhlcnbcrgia arenicola Buckley. 

Podosemum brachyphyllum Necs, Linnaea 19(6): 690. 1847. 

T-ProtoL: Mmco, Aschenb. pi. exs. IN. T-Specim.: 1 

of 1. Mcx'ko, Aschenborn IN [T: '^]. 
NOTE: as "Podosaemum". 
= MuhleiibergiH ciliata (Kuntli) Trin. 

Podosemum cap'dlare (Lam.) Desv., Nouv. Bull. Sci. Soc. 

Pliilom. Paris 2: 188. ['&\Q.'Qd.s,\ox\ym\Stipa capdlaris 

Lam. 
^ Muhlenbergia capiilaris (Lam.) Trin. 

Podosemum ciliatum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 128. 1815 

[1816]. T-Proto!.: Crescit in radicibus montis ignivomi 
Mexicani, Jorullo, alt. 490 hexap., floret Septembri, 
Humboldt^ Bonpland sm. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Michoacan: Volcan de ]oxw\k), Humboldt & Bonpland 
s.n. [MT: P-Bonpl.; IT: BM, P-Bonpl., US-91918 
(fragm.)]. 

NOTE: as ^'Podosaemum" cdiatum. 

= Muhlenbcrj^ia ciliata (KuiUh) Trin. 

Podosemum dcbile Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 128. 1815 

[1816], T-Protol.: Ecuador: Crescit in umbrosis calidis 
vallis Guallabamba, alt 1030 hexap., (Regno 
Quitcnsi), floret Januario, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. 
T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Ecuador: Prov. Pichincha: Quito, 
Humboldt c^ Bonpland s.n. [HT: P-Bonpl.; IT: B-W, P, 
US-91924 (fragm. ex P-Bonpl.)]. 

NOTE: as ^'Podo.saemum" debile. 

= Muhlenbergia niicrosperma (DC.) Kunth. 

Podosemum disiichophyllum J. Prcsl, Reliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 

231. 1830. T-Protol.: Habitat in Mcxko Jlacnke s.n. 
T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico, T. Haenke s.n. [HT: PR 
(photo, US); IT: MO-1837831, US-90711 (fragm. ex 
PR, fragm. ex W)]. 

NOTE: as "Podosaemum" disiichophyllum. 

= Muhlcnbcrgia distichophylla (J. Prcsl) Kunth. 

Podosemum elegans Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 130. 1815 

[1816]. T-Prolol.: Ecuador: "Crescit regionc frigida 
Amdium Quitensium inter Calpi et radices montis 
Chimborazo, Paramo dc las Puntas et Pomalhicta: ah. 

1600 hexap.". 
NOTE: as ''Podo.saemum" elegans. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia rigida (Kunlh) Kunth. 

Podosemum fdipes (M.A. Curtis) Bush, Amer. Midi. 

Naturalist 7(2): 29. 1921. Basionym: Muhlenbergia 

fdipes M.A. Curtis. 
^ Muhlenbergia sericea (Michx.) P.M. Peterson. 

Podosemum foliosum (hort. ex Roem. & Schult.) Link, Hort. 

Berol. 1: 83. 1827. ^zs'xonym'.Agrostisfoliosa hort. ex 

Roem. & Schult. 

NOTE: as "Podosaemum". 

= Muhlenbergia mexicana var filiformis (Torr ) Scribn. 

Podosemum glabratum Kunth. Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 130. 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Crescit cum Podosaemum 
mucronatum ju.xta Santa Rosa dc la Sierra et Caftada 

de Acabuca, floret Scptembri, Humboldt & Bonpland 
s.n. I-Spccim : 1 of I . Mexico: S. Rosa de la Sierra & 



Caftada de Acabuca, n.d. [HT: P-HBK; US-9I921 

(fragm. ex P-HBK Herb.)]. 
NOTE: as " Podosaemum" glabratum. 
^ Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunth) Kunth. 

Podosemum glaucum Nees, Linnaea 19(6): 689. 1847. T- 

Protol.: Mexico, Aschenborn exs. 335. 
NOTE: as ''Podosaemum''. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia glauca (Nees) B.D. Jacks. 

Podosemum glomeratum (Willd.) Link, Hort. Berol. I: 84. 

1827. Basionym: Polypogon glumcratus Willd. 
NOTE: as "Podosaemum". 

= Muhlenbergia glonierata (Willd.) Trin. 

Podosemum gracilc Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 131. 1815 

[1816], T-Protol.: Crescit in aridis exustis montis 
Mexicani, Volcan dc Jorullo: alt. 580 hQX?ip,Hurjihold! 
& Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: I of I. Mexico: 
Michoacan: Volcan de ioruWo, Humboldt & Bonpland 
s.n. [HT: P; IT: LE-TR1N-150L02, US-86636 (fragm. 
P-HBK Herb)]. 
NOTE: as "Podosaemum" gracile, 
= Muhlenbergia quadridcntata (Kunlh) Trin. 

Podosemum gracUlimum (Torr.) Bush, Amer. Midi. 

Naturalist 7(2): 33. 1921. Basionym: Muhlenbergia 
gracillima Torr. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia torreyi (Kunth) Hitchc. ex Bush. 

Podosemum implicatum Kunth. Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 127, 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Crescit in humidis, uliginosis 
Andium Mexicanorum propc lacum Cuiseo et Pucilo 
de Andaracus, alt. 940 hexap., floret Septembri, 
Humboldt f^ Bonpland s.n. T-Speciin.: 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Michoacan: near Lake Cuiseo and Puerto dc 
Andaracuas, Humboldt A Bonpland s.n. [HT: B-W; 

IT: P]. 
NO IE: as "Podosaemum" implicatum. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia implicata (Kunth) Trin. 

Podosemum mexicanum (L.) Link, Hort. Berol. I: 84, 1827. 

Basionym: Agrostis mexicana L. 

NOTE: as "Podosaemum"; "Muhlenbergia mexicana L." 

cited, error for Agrostis mexicana L. 
= Muhlcnbcrgia mexicana (L.) Trin. 

Podosemum mucronatum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 129. 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Crescit in montanis prope Cerro de 
Serena, S. Rosa et Los loarcs, alt. 1270-1360 hexap., 
(Prov. Mex. Guanaxuatcnsi), noret Septembri, 
Humboldt & Bonpland SM. [HT: P]. T-Specim,: I of 1. 
Mexico: Guanajuato: in montanis prope Santa Rosa, 
Humboldt c? Bonpland s.n. [HT: P; IT: US^91925 
(fragm. ex P-HBK Herb & photo)]. 

NOTE: as " Podosaemum" mucronatum. 

= Muhlcnbcrgia niucronata (Kunth) Trin. 

Podosemum porteri (Scribn. ex Bcal) Bush, Amcr. Midi. 

Naturalist 7(2): 36. 1921. Basionym: Muhlenbergia 



porteri Scribn. 



Beal. 



= Muhlenbergia porteri Scribn. ex Bcal. 

Podosemum pungens (Tliurb. ex A. Gray) Bush, Amer. Midi. 

Naturalist 7(2): 32. 1921. Basion)'m: hhihlcnhergia 

pungens Thurb. ex A. Gray. 
= Muhlenbergia pungens Thurb. ex A, Gray. 



190 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11. 



Podoscnium purpurcum (P. Beauv.) P. Beauv., Ess. 

Agrostogr. 176, 179, I. 8, f. 2. 1812. Basionym: 

Thchochloa purpurea P. Beauv. 



= Muhlenbcrgia expansa (Poir.) Triii. 

Podosemum quadridentalum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 130. 

1815 [1816]. T-Protol: Crescil in siccis apricis regni 
Mexicatii propc Toluca, Puentc de Tepare et Playa.s de 
Jonillo, inter 400 et 1300 licxap. Floret Scptcinbri, 
Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. T-Specini.: 1 ufl. Mexico: 
Mexico: near Toluca, no dale, Humboldt tS A.J.A. 
Bonpland s.n. [LT: P; IT: US-2557456, US-86634 
(fragm. ex P), US-86635], LT designated by ?; cited 
by McVaugh, Fl. Novo-Gal. 14: 253 (1983). 

NOTE: as "Podosaemum" cjuadridcntatum. 

- Mtihlcnbcrgia quadridcntata (Kunth) Trin. 

Podosemum reverchonii (Vasey & Scribn.) Bush, Amcr. 

Midi, Naturalist 7(2): 38. 1921. Basionym: 
Afuhlenbergia reverchonuV ?i%ty &. Scribn. 
= IMiihliMihergia reverchonii Vasey & Scribn. 

Podosemum rigidum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 129. 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Crescil in sublVigidis regni Mexican! 
Juxta Guanaxuato, Tcniascatio ct Lo de Sierra, all 
900-1070 hexap., ilorct Scptcmbri, Humboldt & 
Bonpland s.n. T-Spccini.: 1 of I. Mexico; Guanajuato: 
near Guanajuato, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n.. [MT: P; 
FT:US-91920(fragm.exP)]. 

NOTE: as "Podosaemum" rigidum. 

= Muhlenbergia rigida (Kunlh) Runlh. 

Podosemum seiosum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 129. 1815 

[1816]. T-Protol.: Mexico: Ciescit in aha planitie 
Mcxicana inter Guegucloque el Tula, alt. 1 100 hexap., 
floret Augusto, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. [WY. P]. T- 
Spccim.: 1 of 1. Mexico: Guegucloque & Tula, 
Humboldt & Bonpland 4174 [IIT: P-llBK, IT: B-W, 
US-91917 (fragm ex P-IIBK)]. 

NOTE: as "Podosaemum" sctosum. 

= Muhlenbergia microsperma (DC ) Kunth. 

Podosemum soboliferum (Muhl. ex Willd.) Link, Hort. Berol. 

1: 83. 1827. Basionym: /(g/'o.i7/A sobolifera Muhl. ex 
Willd. 

NOTE: as "Podosaemum". 

= Muhlenbergia sobolifera (Muhl. ex Willd.) Trin. 

Podosemum striatum J. Presl, Reliq. Ilaenk. 1(4-5): 230. 

1830. T-Prolol.: Hab. ?JIuenke s.n„ Cotintry of origin 
not indicated in the protologiie [gd, 1995]. 
NOTE: as "Podosaemum" strictum. 
= Muhlenbergia stricla (J. PresI) KuiUh. 

Podosemum tenellum Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 128. 1815 

[181 6]. T-Piotol.: Crescit in scopulosis frigidis 
Andium Mexicanorum, inter Rio Frio et Baranca 
Honda, alt. 1220 hexap., (Prov. Xalapensi), floret 
Tchnvdno, Hmuboldt <^ Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of 



= Muhlenbergia tenuiflora (Willd.) Brilton, Sterns & 

Poggcnb. 

Podosemum tcmiifolium (Kunth) Nces ex Necs & Schauer, 

Linnaea 19(6): 690. 1847. \^^?>\owym\Calamagrostis 
tenuifolia Kunth. 

NOTE: as "Podosaemum". 

- Muhlenbergia (cnuifolia (Kunth) Kunth. 



Podosemum tenuissimum J. Presl, Relit], Ilaenk. 1(4-5): 230. 

1830. T-Protol.: Hab. in Panama el in Mexico, Haenke 
s.n. T-Specim.: 1 of I. PinViXnm J laenke s.n. [HT: PR; 
IT: MO-2974335, M0^2974336 (line drawing of MO 
isot>pc), US (fragm.)]. 

NOTE: as ''Podosaemum" tenuissimum. 

= Muhlenbergia tcnuissima (J. Prcsl) Kunth. 

Podosemum tcxanum (Buckley) Bush, Amer. Midi. Naturalist 

7(2): 41 . 192 L Basionym: Muhlenbergia te.\ana 
Buckley. 

= Muhlenbergia texana Buckley. 

Podosemum trichopodes (Elliott) Bush, Amer. Midi. 

Naturalist 7: 30, 1921 . Basionym: Agrosds trichopodes 
Elliott. 
NOTE: as "Podosaeiiium". 
= Muhlenbergia expansa (Poir.) Trin. 

Podosemum virescens Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 132. 1815 

[1816]. T-ProtoL: Crescit locis aspcris, cxcclsis regni 
Mexican! propc Santa Rosa de la Sierra ct Puerto de 
Varientos, ah. 1350 hexap. [ca. 2400 m], floret Sep, 
Humboldt A Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: I of 1. Mexico: 
Guanajuato: near Santa Rosa de la Sierra, iio date, 
Humboldt & Bonpland sji. [IIT: P; IT: US-86633 
(fragm. ex P-IIBK Herb)]. 

NOTE: as "Podosaemum" virescens. 
= Muhlenbergia vireseens (KuiUh) Trin. 

Podose?num xirginicum (L) Link, Hurt. Berol. 1: 85. 1827. 

Basionym: Agrosds rirginica L. 
NOTE: as "Podosaemum". 
- Sporolxdus virginicus (L.) Kunth. 

Pogochloa S. Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. Londtm, Bol. 4(3): 

509. 1895. TYPE: Pogochloa brasiliensis S. Moore. 
= Gouinia L. Fourn. ex BeiUh. & I look. f. 

Pogochloa brasiliensis S. Moore, Trans. Ltnn. Soc. London, 

Bot. 4(3): 509, t. 37, f 9-23. 1895. T-Protol.: Brazil: 
M.itto Grosso: reperi ad Coimbra mens. Feb. 
tlorentem, S.LM Moore 1080, T-Specim.: 1 of I . 
Brazil: reperi ad Coimbra, Feb \^9\, Moore lORO [IIT: 
BM]. 

= Gouinia brasiliensis (S. Moore) Swallen. 

Polyodon Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. i: 174. 1815 [1816J. TYPE: 

Polyodon distichum Kunth. 
= BouU'loua Lag. 



1. Mexico: Veracruz: inter Rio Frio et BArranca Po/>'0£/oyj J/i-r/cAw/^j Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 175, 1. 55. 1815 



\\o\\i\:\JIuniholdt (Si Bonpland s.n. [HT: P-Bonpl., IT: 

P, US-9 1922 (fragm. ex P)]. 
NOTE: as ''Podosaemum" tenellum. 
= Muhlenbergia tenolla (Kunth) Trin. 

Podosemum tenuiflorum (Willd.) Link, Hort. BcroL I: 82. 

1827. Basion)in: Agrostis tenuiflora Willd. 

NOTE: as "Podosaemum". 



[1816]. T-Prolol.: Crescit in montosis, altis Regni 
Quitcnsis, Humboldt & Bonpland s.n. T-Specim.: I of 

1. Ecuador: Prov. Pichincha: Quito, Humboldt (§ 
Bonpland s.n. [IIT: P]. 
= Boutehnia disticha (Kunth) Bcnth. 

Polyodon texanus (S. Watson) Nash, Fl. S.E. U.S. 138, 1327. 

1903. Basionym: Bouieloua tcxa)\u S. Watson. 
= Bouieloua rigidiseta (Stcud.) Hitchc. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



191 



Polypogon brachyphyllus (Nees) E. Fourn. ex Hemsl., Biol. 

Cent.-Amcr, Bot. 3(19): 552. 1885. Basionym: 
Podosemum brachyphyllum Nees. 
= Miihleiibergia ciliala (Kunth) Trin. 

Polypogon canadensis E. Fourn., Mcxic. PI. 2: 92. 1886. 
NOTE: noni. nov., noin. illeg. superfl.; based on Agrostis 

mexicana, the name changed for location excluded. 
= Muhlenbergia mcxicaria (L.) Trin. 

Polypogon ciliatus (Kunih) Spreng., Syst. Vcg. 1: 243. 1825. 

Basionym: Podosernum ciliatum Kunth. 
= Miihlcnbergia t'iliata (Kunth) Trin. 

Polypogon glomerulus Willd., Enum. PL 87. 1809. T-Protol.: 

USA; Pennsylvania ["North America"]- T-Specim.: 1 
of L USA: Habitat in Pensylvania, [67] [HT: B 
(Willd. hb); IT: US-1535797 (fragm. ex Willd. hb) 

[67]]. 
= Miihlenbergia glomcrata (Willd.) Trin. 



Polypogon gracilis Spreng., Syst. Veg. 5: 558 (index). 1828. 
REPLACED NAME: Polypogon tenellus (Kunth) Spreng. 
BLOCKING NAME: Polypogon tenellus R. Br. 
= Muhlcnbergia tcncJIa (Kunth) Trin. 

Polypogon racemosiis (Mlchx.) Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. PI. 1; 

51. 1818. Basionj'm: Agrostis racemosa Michx. 
= iMuhlenbergia racemosa (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poggenb. 

Polypogon sericeus (Michx.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 243. 

1825. Basionym: Stipa sericea Michx. 
= Muhlcnbergia sericea (Michx.) P.M. Peterson. 



Pringleochloa Scribn., Bot. Gaz. 21: 137. 1896. TYPE: 

Pringleochloa stolonifera (E. Fourn.) Scribn. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Pringleochloa stolonifera (E. Fourn.) Scribn., Bol. Gaz. 21; 

138. 1 896. Baiiionym; Atheropogon stolonifer E. 

Fourn. 

= Bouteloua rccdcrorum Columbus. 

Psanmwphila Schult., Syst. Veg. 1 Mant, 1: 231. 1822. 
REPLACED NAME: Ponccletia L. M. A. A. Du Petit- 

Thouars. 
BLOCKING NAME: Punedetia R. Br. 

= Spartina Schrcb. 

Psdantha (K, Koch) Tzvclev, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & 

Leningrad) 53: 31 L 1968. Basionym: Poa 
UNRANKED Psilantha K. Koch. 
= Eragrostis Wolf 

Puccinellia carinata (Griseb.) PonerL Feddes Repert. 84(9- 

10): 739. 1974. \S'ds\onym: Atropis carinata Griseb. 
= Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) N, Snow. 

Rabdochloa P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 84, 176. 1812. TYPE; 

Rabdochha domingcnsis (Jacq.) P. Beauv.; LT 
designated by Nites & Chase, Contr U.S. Natl. Herb. 
24: 187(1925). 
= Leptochloa P. Beauv. 



Rabdochha domingemis (Jacq.) P. Beauv., Ess 

84, 176, t, 17, f. 3. 1812. Basionym: 
domingcnsis Jacq. 
= Leptochloa virgata (L.) P. Beauv. 



Agrostogr 

Cynosurus 



Polypogon setosus Biciiler, PI Nov. Herb. Spreng, 7. 1807. Rabdochloa dubia (Kunth) Kuntze ex Stuck., Anales Mus 



T-Protol.: USA: E Pennsylvania, Muhlenberg s.n. T- 
Specim.: I of L Muhlenberg no, 107 [T: IT: PH, US- 
1535797 (fragm. ex PH-'M 07")]. 
= Mulilenbergia gloiiu'rata (Willd.) Trin. 

Polypogon spicatus Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 243. 1824. T- 

Protol.: Brasil, i'c//oii .i',/^. T-Spccim.: 1 of 1. Brazil, F. 



Selloyv s.n. |HT: B; IT: BAA (fragm.), US (fragm. ex 

B)]. 

= Gymnopogon spicatus (Spreng ) Kuntze. 

Polypogon tenellus (Kunth) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 243. 1825. 

Basionym: Podosemum tenellum Kunth. 

NOTE: Iiom. illeg. 
E. NAME: Polypogon tenellus R. Br. 
CORRECT NAME: Podosemum tcncUum Kunth. 
= Muhlcnbergia tcncfia (Kunth) Trin. 

Polyraphis (Trin.) Lind!., Veg. Kingd. 115. 1847. Basionym: 

Pappophorum sect. Polyraphis Trin. 
NOTE; nom. supcrlL 
= Pappophorum Schrcb. 

PolyschisNsi. Presl, Reliq. Ilaenk. 1(4-5): 294. 1830. TYPE: 

Polyschistis panpercula J. Presl. 
= Bouteloua Lag. 

Pommereulleae trib. Bor, Grass. Burma, Ceylon, India & 

Pakistan 686. 1960. TYPE: Pommcreulla L. f. 

Ponccletia L. M. A. A. Du Petit-Thouars, Esquisse Fl. Tristan 

D'Acugna 36. 181 1. TYPE: Ponceleiia arundinacea 

Tho Liars. 
NOTE: later hom., non R. Br. 1810. 
- Spartina Schreb. 



Nac. Buenos Aires II: 121. 1904. Basionym: C/?/orr5 

dubia Kunth. 
= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

Rabdochloa imbricata (Tliurb.) Kuntzc. Rcvis, Gen. PI. 2: 

788. 1891. Basionym: Leptochloa imbricata Thurb. 
- Leptochloa fusca subsp. uninervia (J. Presl) N. Snow. 

Rabdochloa mucronata (Michx.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 

84, 158, 176. 1812. Basionym: Chloris mucronata 

Michx. 
= Leptochloa panicca subsp. mucronata (Michx.) 

Nowack. 

Rabdochloa spicata (Nees) Kuntze ex Stuck., Anales Mus. 

Nac. Buenos Aires II: !21. 1904. Basionym: Sroww^ 
spicatus Nees, 
= Tripogon spicatus (Nees) Ekman. 

Rabdochloa virgata (Sw.) P. Beauv. ^ Ess. Agrostogr. 84, 158. 

1812. Basionym: Chloris virgata Sw. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Raddia Mazziari, lonios Antologia 2: 448. 1834. TYPE: 

Raddia aculcata Mazziari. 
NOTE: later horn., non Bcrtol. 1819. 
BLOCKING NAME: Raddia Bcrtol. 
= Crypsis Alton. 

Raspailia rupestris Turcz. ex Kom., FL URSS 2: 297. 1934. 
NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. Pappophorum boreale Griseb. 
= Enneapogon dcsvauxii P. Beauv. 



192 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



Redfieldia Vascy, BuII. Xorrcy Dot. Club 14: 133. 

1887. TYPE; Redfieldia flcxuosa (Tiiurb. ex A. Gray) 

Vascy. 
'IRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NIIT: Muhkiiberglinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.; 1. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Reeder, J. R., (1976). 

RcdfieUli;) ficxuosa (Thurb. ex A. Gray) Vasey, Bull. Torrey 

Bot. Club 14: 133. 1887. Xiw^'mnym: Graphephorum 
Jlexuosum Thurb. ex A. Gray. 
DST.: USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Correli, D. S. & 

M. C, Johnston (1970); Cronquist, A., A. II, 
Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. L. Reveal (1977), 
Fernald, M. (1950); Great Plains Flora Association 
(1986); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Reeder, J. R. 

(1976). 
SYN.: GrapJwphorumJlexuosiwi Thurb. ex A. Gray. 



US-1015504, US-1015505, US-1015498, 
1015503]. 
= Jouvea pilosa (J. Presl) Scribn. 



US- 



Reederochloa Soderstr. & H.F. Decker, Brillonia 

16(3): 334. 1964. TYPE: Reederochloa ehidens 

Sudcrstr.& I I.E. Decker. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NUT: Monanthochloinae.NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1. 
CNSLTD. LIT.: Soderstrom, T. R. & H. F. Decker, (1964). 

Rt'cdcrochloa eludeiis Soderstr. & H.F. Decker, Brittonia 

J 

16(3): 335, f. 1-10. 1964. T-Protol.: Mexico: Durango: 

1 mi S ofDurango, alkali flats, common in dry heavily 
trodden path. 6200 ^UTR. Soderstrom 798 [IIT: US- 
2378386; IT. K, MEXU, YU]. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. 
Mexico: Durango: 1 mi S of Durango, alkali (lats, 
common in dry heavily trodden path, 6200 ft, 29 Sep 
1959, T.R. Soderstrom 798 [HT: US-2378386; IT: K, 
MEXU, YU]. 

DST.: Mexi. 

LVL. ACCPTC: t. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977); Fspejo Serna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-FeiTari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000); 
Soderstrom, T. R. & II. V. Decker (1964). 

Rendlia Chiov., Ann. Bot. (Rome) 13: 53. 1914. TYPE: 

Rendlia obtusifolia Chiov. 

- Microchlna R. Br. 

Rhabdochloa cruciata (L.) P. Beauv., Ess. Agrostogr. 84, 

158, 176. 1812. Basionym: Agrostis cruciata L. 
= Chloris cruciata (L.) Sw. 

Rhabdochloa longa (Griseb,) Kuntzc, Rcvis. Gen, PI. 2: 788. 

1891. Rasionym: Leptochloa longa Griseb. 
= Leptochloa longa Griseb. 

Rhabdochloa rigida (Munro ex Vasey) Kuntze, Rev is. Gen. 

PI. 2: 788. 1891. Bdsionym: Leptochloa rigida Munro 

ex Vascy. 

- Eragrostis scssilispica Buckley, 

Rhabdochloa virgata (Sw.) P. Beauv., Ess, Agrostogr. 84, 

158, 176. 1812. Basionym: Chloris virgata Sw. 
= Chloris virgata Sw. 

Rhachidospermum mexicanum Vasey, Bot. Gaz. 15(5): 106, 

1 10, t. 12. 1890. T-Prolo!.: Mexico: Lower California: 
La Paz, £. Palmer s.n. T-Specinr* 1 of 1. Mexico: 
Baja California Sur: La Pa/., 1890,£. Palmer 124 [IT: 



Rheochloa Filg., p.m. Peterson & Y. Herrera, Syst. 

Bot. 24(2): 123-127, f. 1-3. 1999. jy?E\ Rheochloa 

scabriflora Filg., P.M. Peterson & Y. Ilerrera. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT: Cynodonteae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1. 

Rheochloa scabriflora Filg., P.M. Peterson & Y. Ilerrera, 

Syst. Bot. 24(2): 123-127, f. 1-3. 1999. T-Protol.: 
Brazil; Goids: Municipio de Mineiros: Parquc 
Nacional de Emas, 18'M7'55"S, 52''4379"W, Campo 
Umido (humid grassland), erva decumbcndcnte 
(decumbent grass), colmos flexuosas (culms flexuous), 
apoiandose em outras plantas (supported by other 
plants), inflorescencia avermelhada (reddish 
inflorescence), rara (rare), apenas duas plantas vistas 
no meio da vegetacSo (only two plants seen in the 
vegetation),l Apr 1994, Filgueiras 2854 [IIT: IBGE; 
IT: MO (fragm.), US]. T-Specim.: I of I. Brazil: 
Goiis: Municipio de Mineiros; Parque Nacional de 
Emas, 18^17'55"S, 52M379"W, Campo Umido (humid 
grassland), erva decumbendente (decumbent grass), 
colmos flexuosas (culms flexuous), apoiandose em 
outras plantiLs (supported by other plants), 
inflorescencia avermelhada (reddish inflorescence), 
rara (rare), apenas duas plantas vistas no meio da 
vegetacao (only two plants seen in the vegetation),! 
Apr 1994, 1 Apr \99A, Filgueiras 2854 [IIT: IBGE; 
IT; MO-04575749 (fragm., photocopy), US]. 

DST.: Braz. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 4. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Filgueiras, T. S„ P. M. Peterson & 

Y. Ilerrera-Arrieta(1999). 

Rhomholytrum albescens (Vascy) Nash, Man. Fl. N. States 

129. 1901. Basionym: Triodia albescens ViXi^cy. 
= Tridens albescens (Vasey) Wooton & Standi. 

/^a-^^^v/r-/^ Tzvelev, Bot Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 53: 

311. 1968. TYPE: Roshevitzia diarrhena (Schult. & 
Schult. f)TzveIev. 
= Eragrostis Wolf. 

Roshevitzia diplachnoides (Steud.) Tzvelev, Novosti Sist. 

Vyss. Rast. 7: 50. 1970 [1971]. HdiSAonynv. Eragrostis 
diplachnoides Steud, 
= Eragrnstis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Roshevitzia glomerata (Walter) Tzvelev, Novosti Sist. Vyss. 

Rast, 7: 50. 1970 [1971]. Basionym: /^oi/ glomerata 
Walter. 

= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb,) Trin. 

Roshevitzia japonica (TInmb.) Tzvelev, Novosti Sist. Vyss. 

Rast, 7: 50. I970[1971]. Basionym: Poa japonica 
Thunb. 
= Eragrostis japonica (Thunb.) Trin. 

Rottboellia paniculafa (Nutt.) Spreng., Syst. Veg, I: 300. 

1825. Basionym: Lepturus panictttatus 'Nutt. 
= Schedoniiardus paniculatus (Nutt.) Trel. 

Rottboellia scorpioides Poir. ex Steud,, NomencL Bot. (ed. 2) 

2:474. 1841. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II. 



193 



NOTE: nom. inval., as syn. of Ctenium amencanum Schaffnerella gracilis (Benth.) Nash, N. Anicr. FL 17(2): 



Sprcngcl. 
= Ctenium aromaticum (Walter) Alph. Wood. 

RottbocUla setacca Roxb., PI Coromandel 2: 17, t. 132. 

1798. T-Specim.: 1 of I. India: coast of Coromandel, 
Roxburgh s.n. [IT: K]. 
NOTE: nom. illcg. superfl., cited Nardus indica L.f as syn. 
CORRECT NAME: Microchloa indica (L. f.) P. Beauv. 
= Microcliloa indica (L. f.) P. Beauv. 

Saccbarum pappiferwn Lam., TabL Encycl. 1: 155. 1791. T- 

Protol.: ex Amer. merid., Z). Richard s.n. T-Specim.: 1 
of 2. South America, Richard s.n. [HT: P-LAM, IT: 

BAA(fragmO, US-76121 (fragm. ex P-LAM)]. 2 of 2. 
= Pappophorum pappiferum (Lam.) Kuntze. 



SaUgetia Hltchc. & Chase, Contr, U.S. Natl. Herb. 

18(7): 378. 1917 Aug 18. T\?E\Saugetiafasciculata 
Hitchc. & Chase. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. NO. ACCP ID. SPP.: 2. 

Saiigctia fasciculata Hitchc. & Chase, Contr. U.S. Nat!. 

Herb. 18(7): 378. 1917, T-ProtoL: Cuba: collected in 

small wood, savanna San Julian, south of Guanc, 

Province of Pinar del Rio, 28 Dec \9\6,Leon 6901. T- 

Specini.: 1 of 1. Cuba: Pinar del Rio: in small wood, 

savanna San Julian, south of Guane, 28 Dec \9\6,Bro. 

Leon & M. Roca 6901 [HT: US-950204, IT: NY- 

71123]. 

DST.:CarL 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD- BY: Catasus Guerra, L. ( 1 997); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1936). 

SYN.: Enteropogonfascicidatus Clayton & Renvoi/e. 

Saugetia pleiostachya Hitchc. &. Ekman. Man. Grasses W. 

Ind. 123. 1936. T-ProtoL: Cuba: Prov. Pinar del Rio: 
collected on Jurassic limestone, top of Ccrro de 
Mendoza, Mcndoza, 26 June 1920, £./^. Ekman 11483 

[HT: US-1296127]. T-Specim.: 1 of L Cuba: Pinar del 
Rio: Mendoza Mun., 26 Jun I920,£.i. Ekman 11483 
[HT: US-1296127, IT: NY-7n24]. 

DST.: Cari. 

LVL. ACCPTC: L 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Catasus Guerra, L. (1997); 

Hitchcock, A. S. (1936). 

Schafjnera Benth., Hooker's Icon. PI. 14: 59, t. 1378. 1882. 

TYPE: Schajfnera gracilis Benth. 
NOTE: later near horn., non Schaffneria Moore 1857. 
^ Schaffnerella Nash. 

Schaffnera gracilis Benth., Hooker's Icon. PL 14: 59 pi. 1378. 

1882. T-Specim.: 1 of 2. Mexico: San Luis Potosi, 
1879, J.G. Schaffner 1070 [ST: US^397116], CS. 2 of 
2. Mexico: San Louis Potosi, 1876,J.C Schaffner 134 
[1ST: US-825687]. 
= Schaffnerella gracilis (Benth.) Nash. 



Schaffnerella Nash, N. Amer. Fl. 17(2): 141. 1912. 

REPLACED NAME: Schaffncra Benth. 

BLOCKING NAME: Schaffneria Fee. 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P.M. 

NHT: Muhlenbergiinae. NO. ACCPTD. SPP.: 1. 

SYN.: Schaffncra Benth. 



141, 1912. Basionym: Schaffncra gracilis Benth. 
DST.: Mexi. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Beetle, A. A. (1977), Espcjo Scrna, 

A., A. R. L6pez-Fcrrari, and J. Valdes-Reyna (2000). 
SYN.: Schaffncra gracilis Benth. 



SchedonnarduS Steud., Syn. PL Glnmnc. 1: 146. 

1854 ("1855"). TYPE: Schcdonnardus texanus Stcud. 
TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 
NHT; Muhlenbergiinae. NO. ACCP ID. SPP.: I. 
SYN.: Spirochloe Lunell. 

Schcdonnardus paniculatus (Nutt.) Trel., Annual Rep. 

Geol. Surv. Arkansas 1888(4): 236. 1891. Basionym: 
Lepiurus paniculatus Nutt. 

DST.: Arge, Cana, Mexi, USA. 

LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Burkart, A. (1969); Cabrera, A. L. 

(1970); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 

Cronquist, A,, A. 11. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. 

L. Reveal (1977); Fernald, M. (1950); Gleason, H. A. 

& A. Cronquist (1968); Gleason, H. A. & A. 

Cronquist (1991); Great Plains Flora Association 

(1986); Hitchcock, A. S. (1951); Hitchcock, C L., A. 

Cronquist, M. Ownbey & J. W. Thompson (1969); 

Moss, E. H. (1983); Scoggan, H. J. (1978 [1979]); 

Zuloaga, F. 0., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 

Agrasar, O. Morronc, J. Pensiero & A. M. Cialdella 

(1994). 
SYN.: Lepiurus paniculatus Nutt.; Rottboellia paniculata 

(Nutt.) Spreng.; Schcdonnardus texanus Stend.; 

Spartina dissitiftora Steud.; Spirochloe paniculata 

(Nutt.) Lunell. 

Schcdonnardus texanus Steud.. Syn. PI. Glumac. 1: 146. 

1854. 
= Schcdonnardus paniculatus (Nutt.) Trel. 

Schellingia Stcud., Flora 33: 231. 1850. TYPE: Schellingia 

tcncra Stcud. 
= Acgopogon I lumb. & Bonpl. ex Willd. 

Schellingia tcncra Steud., Flora 33: 232. 1850. T-Protol.: 

Mexico, Galeotti herb. no. 5750. 
= Acgopogon tcncllus (DC) Trin. 

Schenckochloa barbata (Hack.) J.J. Ortiz, Candollea 46(2): 

243. 1991. Basionym: Diplachne barbata Hack. 
= Gouinia barbata (Hack.) Swallen. 

Schismus patens J. Presl, Rcliq. Hacnk. 1(4-5): 269. 1830. T- 

Protol.: Habitat in Cordillcris chilcnsibus,//£:;c;7AT s.n. 
T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Chile: T. Hacnke s.n. [T: US- 
A78816], CS. 
= Lt'ptochloa dubia (Kuntli) Nees. 

Schleropelta Buckley, Prelim. Rep. Surv. Texas App. 1. 

1866. TYPE: Schleropelta stolomfera Buckley. 
- Hilaria Kunth. 

Schleropelta stolonifera Buckley, Prelim. Rep. Surv. Texas 

App. 1. 1866. 
= Hitaria bclangeri (Steud.) Nash. 

Schultesia Spreng., PI. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 17. 1815. 
NOTE: nom. rejic. ctnom. superfl. pro Eustachys. 



194 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: II, 



Pug. 2 



17 



BLOCKING NAME: Schultcsia Mart. 
= Eustachys Dcsv. 

Schultcsia pctraea (S\v.) Spreng., PI. Miti. Cogn 

1815. Basionym: Chloris pctraea Sw. 
= Eustachys pctraea (Sw ) Dcsv. 

Sciadonardus Sleud., Flora 33: 229. 1850. 
NOTE: iiom. nud. 

= Gymnopogoii P. Rcaiiv. 



Sciadonardus distichophyUus Steud., Flora 33: 229. 1850. 
NOTE: iiom. inval.j as syn. oiGyninopogon distichophyUus 

Stcudcl. 

= Gymnopogoii ambiguus (Michx.) Britton, Sterns & 

Poaeenb. 



ScIeropOgOn Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 36: 205. 1870. 

TYPE: Sclcropogon brcvifolius Phil. 

TRTD. BY: Peterson, P. M. 

NUT: Cynodontcae.NO, ACCPTD. SPP,: 1. 

CNSLTI). LIT,: Anton, A. M., 11 E. Connor & M. I^. 

Astegiano, (1998); Peterson, P. M. & J. T. Columbus, 

(1997). 
SYN.: Lesourdia E. Fourn. 

Scleropogon brcvifolius Phil., Anales Univ. Chile 36: 206. 

1870. T-Protol.: Mendoza, Chile, is this the same as 
Mendoza Argentina toda>'?. 
DST.: Arge,Chil, Mexi, USA. 
LVL. ACCPTC: 1. 

ALSO ACCPTD. BY: Anonymous (1986); Beetle, A. A. 

(1977); Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston (1970); 
Cronquist, A., A. II. Holmgren, N. H. Holmgren & J. 
L. Reveal (1977); Hickman, L C. (1993); Hitchcock, 
A. S. (1951); Marticorcna, C. & M. Quczada (1985); 
McVaugh, R. (1983), Shrevc, F. & I. L. Wiggins 
(1964); Zuloaga, F. O., E. G. Nicora, Z. E. Rugolo de 

Agrasar, 0. Morronc, J. Pcnsicro & A. M. Cialdclla 
(1994). 

SYN/ Festuca macrostachya Torr. & A. Gxd^y\ Lesourdia 

karwinskyana E. Fourn.; Lesourdia muitiflora E. 

Fourn.; Sclcropogon karwinskyanus (E. Fourn.) 

Bcnth. ex S. Watson; Sclcropogon longisetus Beetle. 

Sclcropogon karwinskyanus (E. Fourn.) Benth. ex S. Watson, 

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 18: 181. 1883. Basionym: 

Lesourdia karwinskyana XL. Fourn. 
= Sclcropogon brcvifolius Phil. 

Sclcropogon longisetus Beetle, Phytologia 49(1): 42. 1981. 

T-Prolol.: Mexico: Coahuila[I IT: YU]. T-Specim.: 1 
of I. Mexico; Coahuila: 28 mi S of Saltillo, along road 
to Conccpcion del Oro, J. Reeder & C Reeder 3626 
[HT: YU]. 
= Sclcropogon brcvifolius Phil. 

Sericrosiis Raf., Neogenyton 4. 1825. TYPE: Stipa sericea 

Michx.; LT designated by Pteiffer, Nom. Bot. 2: 1142 
(1874). 

= Muhlcnbergia Schrcb. 

Sesleria dactyloidcs Nntt., Gen. N. Amer. PI. 1: 65. 1818. T- 

Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: plains of the Missouri River, 

Nuttalls.n. [T]. 
= Boukluua dactyloidcs (Nutl.) Columbus. 



Sieglingia acuminata (Bcnth. ex Vasey) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. 

PI. 2: 789. 1891. Basionym: Triodia acuminata Bcnth. 
c\ Vasc} . 
= Erioneuron pilosum (Buckley) Nash. 

Sieglingia albescens (Vasey) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 789, 

189L Basionym: Triodia albescens Vasty. 
= Tridcns albescens (Vasey) Wooton & Standi. 

Sieglingia ambigua (Elliott) Kunlze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 789. 

189L Basionym: Poa ambigua Elliott. 
= Tridens ambiguus (Elliott) Schult. 

Sieglingia amcricana (P. Bcauv.) Bcal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 

466. 1896. Basionym: Triplasis amcricana P. Bcauv. 
= TripIasis amcricana P. Bcauv. 

Sieglingia argentina Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PL 3(2): 367. 1898. 

T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Argentina: Rfo Negro: Rio 
Colorado, Loreniz s.n. [HT^I P; IT: CORD], 
= Erioneuron pilosum var. longearistatum (Kurtz) Anton. 

Sieglingia avenacea (Kunth) Kuntzc, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 789. 

1891. Basionym: Triodia avenacea Kunth. 
= Erioneuron avcnaccum (Kunth) Tatcoka. 

Sieglingia avenacea var. grandijlora (Vasey) L.H. Dewey, 

Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 2(3): 538. 1894. Basionym: 
Triodia grandijlora Vasey. 
= Erioneuron avcnaccum (Kunth) Tateoka. 

Sieglingia buckleyana Vasey ex L.H. Dewey, Contr. U.S. 

Natl. Herb. 2(3): 540. 1894. T-Specim.: I of I. USA; 
southern Texas, \Uli, Buckley sm,\\T\ US-SI 808]. 
= Tridens bucklcyanus (Vasey ex L.l 1. Dewey) Nash. 

Sieglingia chapmauii Small, Bull, Torrey Bot. Club 22(8): 

365. 1895. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. Florida, Chapman [T]. 
NOTE: as "Chapmani\ 
= Tridens flavus var. chapmanii (Small) Shinners. 

Sieglingia congesta L.H. Dewey, Contr. U.S. Nail. Herb. 

2(3): 538. 1894. T-Specim.: 1 of I. USA: Texas, 
Nueces Co., May 1891, G.C Nealley 24 [IT. US- 
81809]. 
= Tridens congestus (L.I I. Dewey) Nash. 

Sieglingia cuprea (Jacq.) Millsp., Bull. West Virginia Agric. 

Exp. Sta. 24(2): 471. 1892. Basionym: Zr/W/i^ cuprea 

Jacq, 
= TrideiLs flavus (L.) Hitchc. 

Sieglingia dubia (Kunth) Kuntze ex Stuck., Anales Mus. Nac. 

Buenos Aires 11: 128. 1904. Basionym: C/j/ow c/z/i /a 
Kunth. 
= Leptochloa dubia (Kunth) Nees. 

Sieglingia elongata (Buckley) Nash, 111. Fl. N. U.S. 3: 504. 

1898. Basionym: Uralepis elongata Buckley. 
= Tridens niuticus var. elongatus (Bucklc>) Shinners. 

Sieglingia eragrostoides (Vasey & Scribn.) L.H. Dewey, 

Contr U.S. Nat!. Herb. 2(3): 539. 1894. Basionym: 
Triodia eragrostoides Vasey & Scribn. 
= Tridens eragrostoides (Vasey & Scribn.) Nash. 

Sieglingia eragrostoides war. scabra Vasey ex Beat, Grass. 

N. Amer. 2: 465. 1896. T-Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: 
Texas, Aug 1892, G.C. Nealley 96 [If: US-908296], 
CS. 
= Tridens eragrostoides (Vasey & Scribn ) Nash. 



Catalogue of New World Grasses: 11, 



195 



Sicglingia JIara (L.) Kuntze, Rcvis. Gen, PI. 2: 789. 1891. 

Basionym: PoaJJava L. 
= Tridcns flavus (L.) Hitchc. 

Sieglingiu grandijiora (Vasey) Beal, Grass. N. Amer. 2: 471. 

1896. Basionym: Triodia grandijiora Vasey. 
" Erioneuioii avcnaccuni (Kuiilh) Tatcoka. 

Sieglingia latifoUa (Griseb.) Kuiilze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 789. 

1891. Basionym; Tr icuspis lafifolla Gnscb. 
= Gouinia latifolia (Griseb.) Vasey. 

Sieglingia mutica (Torr.) Knntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 789. 

189 1 . Basionym: Tricuspis mutica Torr. 
= Tridcns niuticus (Torr.) Nash. 

Sieglingia nealleyi (Vasey) L.H. Dewey, Contr U.S. Natl. 

Ilcrb. 2(3): 538. 1894. Basionym: Triodia nealleyi 
Vasey. 
= Erioncuron nealleyi (Vasey) Tatcoka. 

Sieglingia paraguayensis Kuntzc, Revis. Gen. PI. 3(2): 341. 

1898. 

NOTE: nom. altcrn. Anmdinaria paraguayensis Kuntze, 

same page. 
= Gouinia paraguayensis (Kuntze) Parodi. 

Sieglingia pilosa (Buckley) Nash, III. Fl. N. U.S. 3: 504. 

1898. Basionym: Uralepis pilosa Buckley . 
= Krioncuron pilosum (Buckley) Nash. 

Sieglingia pidchella (Kunth) Kuntze, Rcvis. Gen. PI. 2: 789. 

1891. Basionym: Triodia pidchella Kunlh. 
= Dasyothloa pulchella (Kunlh) Willd. ex Rydb. 

Sieglingia pidchella v^r.parvijlora Vasc} ex Bcal, Grass. N. 

Amcr. 2: 468. 1896. T-Protol.: Western Texas. T- 
Specim.: 1 of 1. USA: California: southern California, 
Orcufts^n. [IIT: US-908213 (fragm.. TABS)]. 
= Dasyochloa pulchella (Kunth) Willd. ex Rydb. 

Sieglingia purpurea (Walter) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 789. 

1891. Basionym: Aira purpurea Walter. 
= Triplasis purpurea (W^alter) Chapm. 



Sieglingia schaffneri(S. Watson) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 

789. 1891. Basionym: Triodia schaffneri S. Watson. 
— Tripogon spicatus (Nees) Ekman. 

Sieglingia sesleroides (Michx.) Scribn., Mem. Torrey Bot. 

Club 5(4): 48. 1894. Basionym: Poa sesleroides 
Michx. 
= Tridcns llavus (L.) I lilchc. 

Sieglingia sesleroides var. intermedia Vasey ex L.II. Dewey, 

Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 2(3): 539. 1894. T-Specim.: 1 
of 1. USA: Texas: Indian Territory, Aug I89I,C.5. 
Sheldon 273 [IT: US-1611435], Portion from a sheet 

sent to Gray Herb. 
= Tridcns flavus (L.) llitchc. 

Sieglingia spicata (Nees) Kuntze ex Stuck., Anales Mus. 

Nac. Buenos Aires 11: 128. 1904. B-ds\o\\y\\\.Bromus 
spicatus Nees. 
= Tripogon spicatus (Nees) Ekman. 

Sieglingia stricta (Nutt.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 789. 

1891 . Basionym: IVindsoria stricta Nutt. 
= Tridcns strlctus (Nutt.) Nash. 



Sieglingia tcxana (S. Watson) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. PI. 2: 789. 

1891. Basionym: Triodia texanaS. Watson. 
= Tridcns tcxanus (S. Watson) Nash. 

Sieglingia wrightii Vasey, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 1(8): 269. 

1893. T-Specim.: 1 of 3. USA: Texas: Valley of the 
limpio, 1851-I852,C IVright 2038 [ST: US-82080]. 2 
of 3. USA: Texas: Presidio Co., 1891, C.C. Nealley 
s.n. [ST: US]. 3 of 3. USA: Texas: Presidio Co., 1892, 
G.C Nealley SM. [ST: mi 
= Allolcpis tcxana (Vasey) Soderstr. & ILF. Decker. 

SoderstromiaCN. Morton, Leafl. W. Bot. 10: 327. 1966. 
REPLACED NAME: Fourniera Scribn. 
BLOCKING NAME: Fourniera J. Bommer ex E. Fourn. 
- Bouteloua Lag. 

Soderstromia mexicana (Scribn.) C.V. Morton, Leaf!. W. 

Bot. 10(16): 327. 1966. Basionym: Fourniera 
mexicana Scribn. 
= Boutcloua mexicana (Scribn.) Columbus. 



Sohnsia Airy Sh